CN104924445B - A kind of full-automatic blank-making method of insulating fire brick and equipment - Google Patents

A kind of full-automatic blank-making method of insulating fire brick and equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104924445B
CN104924445B CN201510256602.8A CN201510256602A CN104924445B CN 104924445 B CN104924445 B CN 104924445B CN 201510256602 A CN201510256602 A CN 201510256602A CN 104924445 B CN104924445 B CN 104924445B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
brick
sliding block
blank
supporting plate
hygrometric state
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CN201510256602.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104924445A (en
Inventor
孔令霞
孔德杰
许立涵
许昭圣
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FENGYANG JIULONG NEW BUILDING MATERIALS Co.,Ltd.
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ANHUI SYNCHRONOUS AUTOMATION TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201510256602.8A priority Critical patent/CN104924445B/en
Publication of CN104924445A publication Critical patent/CN104924445A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B15/00General arrangement or layout of plant Industrial outlines, plant installations
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B11/00Apparatus or processes for treating or working the shaped or preshaped articles
    • B28B11/14Apparatus or processes for treating or working the shaped or preshaped articles for dividing shaped articles by cutting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B17/00Details of, or accessories for, apparatus for shaping the material; Auxiliary measures taken in connection with such shaping
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B17/00Details of, or accessories for, apparatus for shaping the material; Auxiliary measures taken in connection with such shaping
    • B28B17/0018Separating articles from each other

Abstract

The invention belongs to refractory brick manufacture field, specifically a kind of full-automatic blank-making method of insulating fire brick and equipment, the strip hygrometric state blank that this method is continuously extruded by forming machine is reached after certain length, it is cut directly into some pieces of hygrometric state blank bricks, then the interval of setting is divided between hygrometric state blank brick two-by-two, some pieces two-by-two between have setting be spaced hygrometric state blank brick be sent on brick supporting plate, some pieces are loaded with the interval that setting is divided between the brick supporting plate of hygrometric state blank brick, and it is used as a marshalling, the a certain layer of drying cart is sent to by upper vehicle device, drying is sent to after drying cart is fully loaded, complete the base of insulating fire brick.The present invention relates to the overall process of the strip hygrometric state blank continuously extruded from forming machine to the base for completing insulating fire brick, solve that insulating fire brick blank water content is big, quality is soft, be difficult to the problem of automated production, achievable continuous manufacture automatic control, labor intensive power are few, labor intensity is low, stable and reliable product quality.

Description

A kind of full-automatic blank-making method of insulating fire brick and equipment
Technical field
The invention belongs to refractory brick manufacture field, specifically a kind of full-automatic blank-making method of insulating fire brick and set It is standby.
Background technology
At present, in insulating fire brick industry production, cutting machine, the blank cutter of walling brick-tile industry are used, to squeezing The continuous strip hygrometric state mud bar gone out after shaping, certain length is cut into using cutting machine by mud bar, and quick by mud bar using inertia Slide onto on the pinch-off platform of blank cutter, blank cutter is cut somebody's hair the mud bar on pinch-off platform by hanging with going out for some cutting steel wires Mouthful, the mud bar of certain length is cut into some blocks of hygrometric state blanks, is manually placed on brick supporting plate, then brick supporting plate is moved to On drying cart.Enter hothouse after drying cart is fully loaded, after the completion of drying, manually remove brick supporting plate from drying cart, and will be dry Dry good blank brick is removed from brick supporting plate, and drying cart and brick supporting plate go successively to next working cycles.
There is problems with the above prior art:
1. cut and send bar
Because the blank brick moisture content of brick-tile industry is in 14-17%, moisture content less, intensity is larger;And insulating fire brick Blank brick moisture content in 32-35%, water content is larger, and plasticity is extremely low makes containing substantial amounts of plastic foam ball and sawdust etc. Hole particulate, so intensity very little;The cutting machine for the walling brick-tile industry that insulating fire brick manufacturer quotes, using fast after slitting Speed send bar mode, mud bar is produced excessive deformation, underbead crack and fracture, reduces the utilization rate and product quality of material. Cause length uncontrollable additionally, due to mud bar excessive deformation, mud bar length can only be lengthened, then cut off, thereby produced big The useless mud head of amount, reduces stock utilization.
2. pinch-off and push away base
Due to pinch-off and push away base be one action, while the blank brick of insulating fire brick needs to overcome brick cutting machine resistance, Cutting steel wire Cutting Drag is overcome, so that the deflection of blank is larger.Mutually it is close to, each other can not between blank brick after pinch-off Forming enough gaps is used for drying.
3. the production links such as yard base largely use manual work
Existing adobe Automatic Code base equipment, can not but be applied in the production of insulating fire brick, and its reason is due to The blank brick moisture content of brick-tile industry is in 14-17%, and moisture content less, intensity is higher, can be picked up with chuck and carry out marshalling code Base, and the blank brick moisture content of insulating fire brick is in 32-35%, water content is larger, and quality is very soft, if chuck organizes into groups code base, The refractory brick blank cut can be directly damaged, therefore, existing insulating fire brick manufacturer is also manually being organized into groups Code base, labor intensity is big, recruitment number is more, seriously hinders the raising of production efficiency.
The content of the invention
To overcome the deficiencies in the prior art part, the present invention provides one kind from mud bar pinch-off to brick bat drying whole-course automation The full-automatic blank-making method of insulating fire brick, to solve prior art problem, it is a further object of the present invention to provide this method Special equipment.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is:
A kind of full-automatic blank-making method of insulating fire brick, comprises the following steps:
A. pinch-off:The continuous hygrometric state mud bar that extrusion shaping machine is extruded is cut into by polylith marshalling by green brick cutting mechanism The brick group that hygrometric state blank brick is constituted;
B. base is divided:The brick group of the well cutting is pushed on one group of L-shaped sliding block with a rushing board mechanism, the L-shaped sliding block Width it is equal with the blank brick, the articulated elements of spacing is pulled open provided with limitation between the adjacent sliding block, wherein most inboard It is articulated with the outside of the sliding block in frame, the piston rod of the outermost sliding block and one point of base cylinder is hinged, in described point of base Under the promotion of cylinder, the hygrometric state blank brick that the sliding block is carried together with it is slided along horizontal rail, makes to be positioned on the sliding block Hygrometric state blank brick pull open mutual spacing, complete a point base;
C. plate is sent:Brick supporting plate is transported to immediately below the sliding block with brick supporting plate transmitting device, then top is arranged at by one group Carrying roller on plate cylinder piston rod, by its jack-up and is close to the bottom surface of the sliding block, and the brick supporting plate is in the carrying roller and institute State in the space between sliding block bottom surface slidably;
D. upper plate:A upper plate vehicle guide and upper plate dolly are provided with above the sliding block, the upper plate dolly is provided with One it is liftable push away blanket, the blanket lower end that pushes away is provided with multiple dentations, when the dentation is separated with the sliding block Gap correspondence, after completing described point of base and sending plate step, described push away is lowered to appropriate location under blanket, and its dentation is stretched into The space of slider is simultaneously flushed with the brick pallet side, then the upper plate dolly movement, with the blanket that pushes away by the brick Supporting plate is synchronously pushed together with the blank brick on the sliding block, the blank brick is fallen on the brick supporting plate;
E. get on the bus and dry:The brick supporting plate that carry blank brick is deposited in manipulator or special upper vehicle device and turned Transport on car or special drying cart, the transfer car(buggy) or special drying cart are admitted in hothouse through track after filling and done It is dry.
A kind of insulating fire brick full-automatic shaping equipment of the use above method, including with lower component:
One continuous hygrometric state mud bar for being used to extrude extrusion shaping machine cuts into polylith hygrometric state hair with steel wire without deformation Base brick and the green brick cutting mechanism shifted onto in the equipment of next process, the green brick cutting mechanism include blank cutter and for pushing hygrometric state hair The rushing board mechanism of base brick;
One is used for the hygrometric state blank brick of the well cutting separated blank distributing mechanism two-by-two;The blank distributing mechanism includes machine Frame, point base guide rail for being located at frame underside face, slip are embedded multiple L-shaped sliding blocks on described point of base guide rail, the L-shaped sliding block Width it is equal with insulating refractory adobe, between the adjacent sliding block by for limit pull open spacing articulated elements couple;Most The inboard sliding block is fixed in frame, in outermost sliding block and point base cylinder piston rod being fixed on housiung separator It is hinged, drives the sliding block to close up or separate;
One is used to convey brick supporting plate and be positioned at the brick pallet conveying device in precalculated position in the blank distributing mechanism;
One is used for brick supporting plate jack-up and the top panel mechanism that is close on the blank distributing mechanism bottom surface, the top panel mechanism Carrying roller below the brick pallet conveying device is arranged at including at least one pair of, and the carrying roller passes through support and a top plate cylinder Piston rod is connected, and the carrying roller is used for the bottom surface for supporting the brick supporting plate and making it press close to the blank distributing mechanism sliding block, the brick Space reclaimed water of the supporting plate between the sliding block and carrying roller is smoothly moved;
Upper plate vehicle guide is provided with above one upper plate mechanism, the blank distributing mechanism, upper plate vehicle guide is small provided with upper plate Equipped with pushing away blanket and lift cylinder on car and drive device, upper plate dolly, it is described push away blanket and push away base rotating shaft by one be articulated with institute State on upper plate dolly, and rise or fall under lift cylinder effect;The blanket lower end that pushes away is provided with multiple dentations, the tooth Gap when shape projection is separated with the sliding block is corresponding, for the brick supporting plate is same together with the hygrometric state blank brick on the sliding block When pushed from the sliding block;
One marshalling mechanism, the marshalling mechanism arrangement is in the blank distributing mechanism end, for carrying hygrometric state blank brick Brick supporting plate is organized into groups;Including marshalling drive device, marshalling conveyer belt and marshalling conveyer belt joist;
One special upper vehicle device, the special upper vehicle device includes upper vehicle device frame, and the upper vehicle device frame is provided with two Root carries the upper vehicle fork pawl water that a level is housed below the vertical track and Motorized lift device for sliding block of getting on the bus, the sliding block of getting on the bus Flat tracks, the upper vehicle fork pawl horizontal movement track is provided with a upper vehicle fork pawl seat, and the upper vehicle fork pawl seat bottom is equipped with one To upper vehicle fork pawl, the upper vehicle fork pawl is located at below the left and right sides of the marshalling conveyer belt respectively, for holding up the transmission skin Take the brick supporting plate for carrying hygrometric state blank brick, the upper vehicle fork pawl seat together with the upper vehicle fork pawl under drive device driving, Horizontal reciprocating movement can be made along the upper vehicle fork pawl horizontal movement track;Under the driving of the Motorized lift device, it is described on Car sliding block drives the upper vehicle fork pawl horizontal movement track together with the upper vehicle fork pawl seat and upper vehicle fork pawl, along the vertical track Make elevating movement;
Many special drying carts, the drying cart includes drying cart frame, drying cart road wheel, the drying cart frame Mounted in pairs has multipair brick supporting plate hanger from top to bottom for inner side, for placing the brick supporting plate for carrying hygrometric state blank brick.
The course of work:The continuous hygrometric state mud bar of extrusion shaping machine extrusion cuts into hygrometric state blank brick with blank cutter and uses push pedal Shift onto in blank distributing mechanism, when the hygrometric state blank brick transmitted from green brick cutting mechanism is sent to up on L-shaped sliding block, divide the gas of base cylinder When cylinder rod is stretched out, the sliding block in outside is pushed outwardly, and remaining sliding block is pulled open by a point base connect band successively, is made on the sliding block Hygrometric state blank brick space out, complete a point base, then push away blanket and drop to appropriate location in lift cylinder effect, its dentation Stretch into the gap of the sliding block and flushed with brick pallet side, then drive device driving upper plate dolly, the brick supporting plate is connected Shifted onto simultaneously from the sliding block in transmission belt with the blank brick on the sliding block, into marshalling process.The sliding block of getting on the bus of upper vehicle device The bottom of vehicle device frame is parked in, upper vehicle fork pawl seat is parked in the low order end of sliding block.When marshalling mechanism on some pieces be loaded with it is wet When the brick supporting plate of state blank brick is grouped into up to specified location on the upper vehicle fork pawl horizontal movement track, sliding block of getting on the bus is electronic Rise under the driving of lowering or hoisting gear along vertical track, upper vehicle fork pawl, upper vehicle fork pawl seat and upper vehicle fork pawl horizontal movement track are with upper Car sliding block rises, and the brick supporting plate marshalling rises together with upper vehicle fork pawl, and under controlling organization control, sliding block of getting on the bus rises first To setting extreme higher position stop, then upper vehicle fork pawl and upper vehicle fork pawl seat under the driving of drive device along upper vehicle fork pawl level Tracks are moved to high order end, are stopped after reaching home, then, and downwards, brick supporting plate marshalling is put for sliding block low speed of getting on the bus It is placed on the brick supporting plate hanger of maximum layer on drying cart, then upper vehicle fork pawl and upper vehicle fork pawl seat move to end to low order end Point stops, and sliding block of then getting on the bus quickly reaches down to terminal stopping, completing a working cycles, waits next group brick supporting plate to compile Group, repeats said process, untill drying cart is filled from top to bottom, and the drying cart is sent in hothouse after filling and done It is dry.
Beneficial effect:The present invention relates to the strip hygrometric state blank continuously extruded from forming machine to the system for completing insulating fire brick The overall process of base, solves that hygrometric state blank brick water content is big, quality is soft, be difficult to the problem of automated production, can be achieved continuous raw Production Automated condtrol, labor intensive power are few, labor intensity is low, stable and reliable product quality.
Brief description of the drawings
The invention will be further described in conjunction with the embodiments with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is the overall structure top view of the full-automatic shaping equipment of insulating fire brick,
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of blank distributing mechanism,
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of brick pallet conveying device and top panel mechanism,
Fig. 4 is the draw bail schematic diagram of blank distributing mechanism, upper plate mechanism with organizing into groups mechanism,
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of upper vehicle device,
Fig. 6 is the cross-sectional view of upper vehicle device,
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of drying cart.
In figure:
1. extrusion shaping machine, 2. continuous hygrometric state mud bars, 3. green brick cutting mechanisms, 4. blank distributing mechanisms, 401. blank separating machine frames, 402. Divide base guide rail, 403. movable sliders, 404. sliding blocks being hinged with frame, 405. points of base connecting pins, 406. points of base connecting rods, 407. points Base connect band, 408. points of base cylinders, 409. hygrometric state blank bricks, 5. brick pallet conveying devices, 501. top plate cylinders, 502. top plate branch Frame guide pillar, 503. carrying rollers, 504. roller racks, 6. upper plate mechanisms, 601. push away blanket dentation, 602. upper plate dollies, 603. Push away base rotating shaft, 604. lift cylinders, 605. push away blanket, 606. upper plate vehicle guides, 607. upper plate drive cars, 7. marshallings Mechanism, 701. marshalling mechanism driving devices, 702. conveyer belts, 703. conveyer belt joists, vehicle device on 8., vehicle device frame on 801., 802. upper vehicle fork pawls, 803. upper vehicle fork pawl seats, 804. upper vehicle fork pawl horizontal movement tracks, 805. get on the bus sliding block, 806. vertical rails Road, 807. Motorized lift devices, 808. upper vehicle fork pawl horizontal movement drive devices, 809. push pedals, 810. push pedal cylinders, 9. dry Car, 901. brick supporting plate hangers, 10. brick supporting plates.
Embodiment
In order to make the purpose , technical scheme and advantage of the present invention be clearer, it is right below in conjunction with drawings and Examples The present invention is further elaborated.It should be appreciated that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the present invention, and It is not used in the restriction present invention.
In the description of the invention, it is to be understood that term " longitudinal direction ", " transverse direction ", " on ", " under ", "front", "rear", The orientation or position relationship of the instruction such as "left", "right", " vertical ", " level ", " top ", " bottom ", " interior ", " outer " is based on accompanying drawing institutes The orientation or position relationship shown, is for only for ease of the description present invention, rather than indicate or imply that the device or element of meaning must There must be specific orientation, with specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore be not considered as limiting the invention.
As shown in figure 1, a kind of full-automatic shaping equipment of insulating fire brick of use above method, including with lower component:
One continuous hygrometric state mud bar 2 for being used to extrude extrusion shaping machine 1 cuts into polylith hygrometric state with steel wire without deformation Blank brick and the green brick cutting mechanism 3 shifted onto in the equipment of next process, green brick cutting mechanism 3 includes blank cutter, and is pushed away for level Send rushing board mechanism of the hygrometric state blank brick 409 to the sliding block 403,404 of blank distributing mechanism.
As shown in Fig. 2 one is used for the hygrometric state blank brick 409 of well cutting separated blank distributing mechanism 4 two-by-two;Blank distributing mechanism 4 include blank separating machine frame 401, are located at point base guide rail 402 of the downside of blank separating machine frame 401, slide to be embedded and dividing a base guide rail 402 On multiple L-shaped sliding blocks 403,404, the width and hygrometric state blank brick 409 of L-shaped sliding block 403,404 be roughly equal, point base connect band 407 are in turn secured between each L-shaped sliding block 403,404, and spacing setting is adjustable between L-shaped sliding block.It is sliding in outermost activity A point base connecting pin 405 is supported with block 403, point one end of base connecting rod 406 passes through point base connecting pin 405 and outermost movable slider 403 hinge connections, the other end is threadedly coupled with the cylinder rod of point base cylinder 408.When the cylinder rod retraction of point base cylinder 408, Divide base connecting rod 406 that outermost movable slider 403 inwardly furthers by a point base connecting pin 405, make whole sliding blocks mutually two-by-two It is close and neat, the hygrometric state blank brick 409 cut is shifted onto on sliding block 403 and 404 by the rushing board mechanism of green brick cutting mechanism, and makes every It can be corresponded on block sliding block 403 and 404 and place one piece of hygrometric state blank brick 409 cut.The cylinder rod of base cylinder 408 is divided to stretch out When, the movable slider 403 of outermost end is pushed outwardly by point base connecting rod 406 by a point base connecting pin 405, and passes through a point base connect band 407 pull open remaining movable slider 403 successively, make to have cut hygrometric state blank brick 409 and pull open spacing, complete a point base.
As shown in figure 3, a brick supporting plate for being used to convey brick supporting plate 10 and be positioned at precalculated position in blank distributing mechanism 4 is defeated Send device 5;
One is used for the top panel mechanism of the jack-up of brick supporting plate 10, and top panel mechanism is arranged at the conveying of brick supporting plate including at least one pair of The carrying roller 503 of the lower section of device 5, carrying roller 503 is connected by roller rack 504 with the piston rod of a top plate cylinder 501, top plate cylinder 501 can drive roller rack 504 to be moved up and down under the control of roof timbering guide pillar 502.Carrying roller 503 is used for supporting brick supporting plate 10 and the lower surface of sliding block 403 and 404 is close to, brick supporting plate 10 can be in the space reclaimed water between sliding block 403,404 and carrying roller 503 It is smooth dynamic.
As shown in figure 4, a upper plate mechanism 6, the top of blank distributing mechanism 4 is provided with upper plate vehicle guide 606, upper plate vehicle guide 606 are provided with upper plate dolly 602 and drive device 607, driving lower edge of the upper plate dolly 602 in upper plate drive car 607 Upper plate vehicle guide 606 does reciprocating linear motion.Equipped with blanket 605 and lift cylinder 604 is pushed away on upper plate dolly 602, blanket is pushed away 605 push away base rotating shaft 603 by one is articulated with upper plate dolly 602, and around pushing away in base rotating shaft 603 under the effect of lift cylinder 604 Lower swing.The lower end of blanket 605 is pushed away provided with multiple dentations 601, the dentation 601 and sliding block 403,404 points when opening between Gap correspondence, for brick supporting plate 10 to be pushed together with the blank brick on sliding block 403,404 from the sliding block simultaneously.Complete after point base, Push away blanket 605 and acted in lift cylinder 604 and swing to appropriate location downwards, its dentation 601 is stretched between sliding block 403,404 In gap and substantially flush with the side of brick supporting plate 10, then drive device 607 drives upper plate dolly 602 along upper plate vehicle guide 606 Motion, brick supporting plate 10 is shifted onto on marshalling conveyer belt 702 simultaneously together with the blank brick on the sliding block 403,404.
One marshalling mechanism 7, the device of marshalling mechanism 7 is in the end of blank distributing mechanism 4, for carrying hygrometric state blank brick 409 Brick supporting plate 10 organized into groups;Including marshalling drive device 701, marshalling conveyer belt 702, marshalling conveyer belt joist 703.
As shown in Figure 5,6, upper vehicle device 8 includes upper vehicle device frame 801, in upper vehicle device frame 801 provided with two with getting on the bus The vertical track 806 and Motorized lift device 807 of sliding block 805, the lower section of sliding block 805 of getting on the bus are equipped with the upper vehicle fork pawl level of a level Tracks 804, the upper vehicle fork pawl horizontal movement track 804 is provided with a upper vehicle fork pawl seat 803, the bottom of upper vehicle fork pawl seat 803 Equipped with a pair of upper vehicle fork pawls 802, upper vehicle fork pawl 802 is located at below the left and right sides of marshalling conveyer belt 702 respectively, for holding up marshalling The brick supporting plate 10 of hygrometric state blank brick 409 is carried on conveyer belt 702, upper vehicle fork pawl seat 803 drives in the horizontal movement of upper vehicle fork pawl Under device 808 drives, horizontal reciprocating movement can be made along upper vehicle fork pawl horizontal movement track 804;Driven in Motorized lift device 807 Under, sliding block 805 of getting on the bus drives upper vehicle fork pawl horizontal movement track 804 together with upper vehicle fork pawl seat 803 and upper vehicle fork pawl 802, along hanging down Straight rail 806 makees elevating movement.
During work, sliding block 805 of getting on the bus is parked in the bottom of vehicle device frame 801, and upper vehicle fork pawl seat 803 is parked in sliding block of getting on the bus 805 low order end.When the brick supporting plate 10 for being loaded with hygrometric state blank brick 409 reaches specified location, sliding block 805 of getting on the bus is in electric up-down Rise under the driving of device 807 along vertical track 806, upper vehicle fork pawl 802 and upper vehicle fork pawl seat 803 are by installed in sliding block of getting on the bus The sliding block 805 of being got on the bus under of upper vehicle fork pawl horizontal movement track 804 of 805 lower sections rises, and brick supporting plate 10 is lifted in upper vehicle fork pawl 802 Under rise together, the extreme higher position that the first time of sliding block 805 of getting on the bus under program rises to setting stops, then upper vehicle fork pawl 802 and upper vehicle fork pawl seat 803 under the driving of upper vehicle fork pawl horizontal movement drive device 808, along upper vehicle fork pawl horizontal movement rail Road 804 is moved to high order end, is stopped after reaching home, then, and the low speed of sliding block 805 of getting on the bus downwards, brick supporting plate 10 is positioned over dry The maximum layer of dry car 9, then upper vehicle fork pawl 802 and upper vehicle fork pawl seat 803 move to terminal stopping, Ran Houshang to low order end Car sliding block 805 quickly reaches down to terminal stopping, a working cycles is completed, untill drying cart 9 is filled from top to bottom successively.
When upper vehicle fork pawl 802 is located at Fig. 5 Far Lefts and Fig. 6 bottoms, the position of the push pedal 809 of its left and right sides is arranged at Corresponding with the marshalling of brick supporting plate 10, the back side of push pedal 809 is hinged with two horizontally disposed piston rods of push pedal cylinder 810 respectively. Under push pedal cylinder 810 is acted on, push pedal 9 is synchronously pushed to the both sides of the brick supporting plate 10 on upper vehicle fork pawl 802, makes what brick supporting plate was organized into groups Edge keeps flushing, and is conveniently placed on drying cart 9.
As shown in fig. 7, drying cart includes drying cart frame, drying cart road wheel, on the inside of drying cart frame from top to bottom into To being provided with multipair brick supporting plate hanger 901, the brick supporting plate 10 of hygrometric state blank brick is carried for placing.
A kind of full-automatic blank-making method of insulating fire brick, comprises the following steps:
A. pinch-off:The continuous hygrometric state mud bar 2 that extrusion shaping machine 1 is extruded, is cut into by green brick cutting mechanism and arranges whole by polylith Neat hygrometric state blank brick 409;Green brick cutting mechanism can use cutting machine, the blank cutter of existing walling brick-tile industry.
B. base is divided:The hygrometric state blank brick 409 of well cutting is pushed on L-shaped sliding block 403,404 with a rushing board mechanism, sliding block 403rd, 404 width and blank brick are roughly equal, pull open point base connect band 407 of spacing between adjacent sliding block provided with limitation, its In most inboard sliding block 404 be articulated with frame, the piston rod of outermost movable slider 403 and point base cylinder 408 is hinged, Under the promotion for dividing base cylinder 408, the hygrometric state blank brick edge point base guide rail 402 (horizontal rail) that movable slider 403 is carried together with it Slide, the hygrometric state blank brick being positioned on sliding block 403,404 is pulled open mutual spacing, complete a point base;
C. plate is sent:Brick supporting plate 10 is transported to immediately below sliding block 403,404 with brick supporting plate transmission mechanism 5, then is set by one group The carrying roller 503 being placed on the piston rod of top plate cylinder 501, by the jack-up of brick supporting plate 10 and be close to sliding block 403,404 bottom surface (reduce Impulsive force when hygrometric state blank brick 409 falls, it is to avoid it is deformed), brick supporting plate 10 can carrying roller 503 and sliding block 403,404 bottom surfaces it Between space in slidably;
D. upper plate:A upper plate vehicle guide 606 and upper plate dolly 602, upper plate dolly are provided with the top of sliding block 403,404 602 provided with one it is liftable push away blanket 605, push away the lower end of blanket 605 provided with multiple dentations 601, the dentation 601 with Sliding block 403,404 points of gap correspondences when opening, after completing point base and sending plate step, push away and are lowered to appropriate location under blanket 605, Its dentation 601 is stretched into sliding block 403,404 gaps and substantially flush with the side of brick supporting plate 10, and then upper plate dolly 602 is moved Dynamic, drive pushes away blanket 605 and pushes brick supporting plate 10 together with the hygrometric state blank brick 409 on sliding block is synchronous, makes the nothing of hygrometric state blank brick 409 Shifting ground falls on brick supporting plate 10;
E. get on the bus and dry:Brick supporting plate 10 manipulator or the special heap of upper vehicle device 8 of hygrometric state blank brick 409 will be carry Be placed on transfer car(buggy) or special drying cart 9 on, transfer car(buggy) or special drying cart 9 are admitted in hothouse after filling through track Row drying.
Dried drying cart out is completed out of hothouse, can with vehicle device 8 on another platform according to opposite program of getting on the bus The brick supporting plate 10 of the dry state blank brick for being loaded with insulating fire brick in drying cart 9 is taken out successively from bottom to top, conveyer belt is placed on On, base is unloaded automatically so as to realize, the brick supporting plate 10 removed is admitted to brick pallet conveying device 5 and continues subsequent cycle.
Although an embodiment of the present invention has been shown and described, for the ordinary skill in the art, can be with A variety of changes, modification can be carried out to these embodiments, replace without departing from the principles and spirit of the present invention by understanding And modification, the scope of the present invention is defined by the appended.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of full-automatic blank-making method of insulating fire brick, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
A. pinch-off:The continuous hygrometric state mud bar that extrusion shaping machine is extruded is cut into by the blank of polylith marshalling by green brick cutting mechanism The brick group that brick is constituted;
B. base is divided:The brick group of the well cutting is pushed on one group of L-shaped sliding block with a rushing board mechanism, the width of the L-shaped sliding block Degree is equal with the blank brick, and the articulated elements of spacing is pulled open provided with limiting between the adjacent sliding block, wherein most inboard described It is articulated with the outside of sliding block in frame, the piston rod of the outermost sliding block and one point of base cylinder is hinged, in described point of base cylinder Promotion under, the sliding block is slided together with its blank brick carried along horizontal rail, makes the blank brick being positioned on the sliding block Mutual spacing is pulled open, a point base is completed;
C. plate is sent:Brick supporting plate is transported to immediately below the sliding block with brick supporting plate transmitting device, then top plate gas is arranged at by one group Carrying roller on cylinder piston rod, by its jack-up and is close to the bottom surface of the sliding block, and the brick supporting plate is in the carrying roller and the cunning In space between block bottom surface slidably;
D. upper plate:A upper plate vehicle guide and upper plate dolly are provided with above the sliding block, the upper plate dolly can provided with one What is lifted pushes away blanket, and the blanket lower end that pushes away is provided with multiple dentations, the gap when dentation is separated with the sliding block Correspondence, after completing described point of base and sending plate step, the blanket that pushes away drops to appropriate location, and its dentation stretches into the cunning Block gap is simultaneously flushed with the brick pallet side, and then the upper plate dolly movement, is connected the brick supporting plate with the blanket that pushes away Synchronously pushed with the hygrometric state blank brick on the sliding block, the hygrometric state blank brick is fallen on the brick supporting plate;
E. get on the bus and dry:The brick supporting plate that carry blank brick is deposited in transfer car(buggy) with manipulator or special upper vehicle device Or on special drying cart, the transfer car(buggy) or special drying cart are admitted in hothouse through track after filling and are dried.
2. a kind of usage right requires the full-automatic shaping equipment of insulating fire brick of 1 methods described, it is characterised in that including following Part:
One continuous hygrometric state mud bar for being used to extrude extrusion shaping machine cuts into polylith hygrometric state blank brick with steel wire without deformation And the green brick cutting mechanism shifted onto in the equipment of next process, the green brick cutting mechanism includes blank cutter and for pushing hygrometric state blank brick Rushing board mechanism;
One is used for the hygrometric state blank brick of the well cutting separated blank distributing mechanism two-by-two;The blank distributing mechanism include frame, It is located at point base guide rail in frame underside face, slip and is embedded multiple L-shaped sliding blocks on described point of base guide rail, the L-shaped sliding block Width is equal with the blank brick, is coupled between the adjacent sliding block by pulling open the articulated elements of spacing for limiting;It is most inboard The sliding block be fixed in frame, in outermost sliding block and point base cylinder piston rod being fixed on housiung separator hinge Connect, drive the sliding block to close up or separate;
One is used to convey brick supporting plate and be positioned at the brick pallet conveying device in precalculated position in the blank distributing mechanism;
One is used for brick supporting plate jack-up and the top panel mechanism that is close on the blank distributing mechanism bottom surface, and the top panel mechanism includes At least one pair of is arranged at the carrying roller below the brick pallet conveying device, and the carrying roller passes through support and the piston of a top plate cylinder Bar is connected, and the carrying roller is used for the bottom surface for supporting the brick supporting plate and making it press close to the blank distributing mechanism sliding block, the brick supporting plate Space reclaimed water between the sliding block and carrying roller is smoothly moved;
Be provided with upper plate vehicle guide above one upper plate mechanism, the blank distributing mechanism, upper plate vehicle guide provided with upper plate dolly and Equipped with pushing away blanket and lift cylinder on drive device, upper plate dolly, it is described push away blanket and push away base rotating shaft by one be articulated with described On plate dolly, and rise or fall under lift cylinder effect;The blanket lower end that pushes away is provided with multiple dentations, the cdontoid process The gap risen when being separated with the sliding block is corresponding, for by the brick supporting plate together with the hygrometric state blank brick on the sliding block and meanwhile from The sliding block is pushed;
One marshalling mechanism, the marshalling mechanism arrangement is in the blank distributing mechanism end, for the brick support to carrying hygrometric state blank brick Plate is organized into groups;Including marshalling drive device, marshalling conveyer belt and marshalling conveyer belt joist;
One special upper vehicle device, the special upper vehicle device includes upper vehicle device frame, and the upper vehicle device frame is provided with two bands There is the upper vehicle fork pawl level equipped with a level below the vertical track and Motorized lift device of sliding block of getting on the bus, the sliding block of getting on the bus to transport Dynamic rail road, the upper vehicle fork pawl horizontal movement track is provided with a upper vehicle fork pawl seat, and the upper vehicle fork pawl seat bottom is equipped with a pair Fork pawl, the upper vehicle fork pawl is located at below the left and right sides of the marshalling conveyer belt respectively, is carried for holding up on feed belt Have a brick supporting plate of hygrometric state blank brick, the upper vehicle fork pawl seat together with the upper vehicle fork pawl under drive device driving, can be along described Upper vehicle fork pawl horizontal movement track makees horizontal reciprocating movement;Under the driving of the Motorized lift device, the sliding block band of getting on the bus The upper vehicle fork pawl horizontal movement track is moved together with the upper vehicle fork pawl seat and upper vehicle fork pawl, lifting fortune is made along the vertical track It is dynamic;
Many special drying carts, the drying cart is included on the inside of drying cart frame, drying cart road wheel, the drying cart frame Mounted in pairs has multipair brick supporting plate hanger from top to bottom, for placing the brick supporting plate for carrying hygrometric state blank brick.
CN201510256602.8A 2015-05-19 2015-05-19 A kind of full-automatic blank-making method of insulating fire brick and equipment Active CN104924445B (en)

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CN106696073B (en) * 2017-01-12 2019-06-04 山东理工大学 A kind of sound-proof refractory brick production line Automatic Link Establishment
CN106945160A (en) * 2017-03-31 2017-07-14 佛山市信利成机电设备有限公司 Fireproof building material base substrate spontaneously dries system
CN107775787B (en) * 2017-09-06 2019-08-09 安徽同步自动化科技有限公司 A kind of insulating fire brick automatic casting molding base system and method
CN107651433B (en) * 2017-09-06 2019-10-22 安徽同步自动化科技有限公司 A kind of dry body arrangement conveyer

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Denomination of invention: A method and equipment for full automatic blank making of heat insulating refractory brick

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