CN104859456B - One kind becomes track pantagraph current collector and electric vehicle - Google Patents

One kind becomes track pantagraph current collector and electric vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104859456B
CN104859456B CN201510332298.0A CN201510332298A CN104859456B CN 104859456 B CN104859456 B CN 104859456B CN 201510332298 A CN201510332298 A CN 201510332298A CN 104859456 B CN104859456 B CN 104859456B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
current collector
pantagraph current
spring
bar
pull bar
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201510332298.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104859456A (en
Inventor
索建国
张海丰
林平
杨瀛瑜
张彦林
杨颖�
李军
冯叶
陈敏坚
孙宁
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
CRRC Zhuzhou Locomotive Co Ltd
Original Assignee
CSR Zhuzhou Electric Locomotive Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by CSR Zhuzhou Electric Locomotive Co Ltd filed Critical CSR Zhuzhou Electric Locomotive Co Ltd
Priority to CN201510332298.0A priority Critical patent/CN104859456B/en
Publication of CN104859456A publication Critical patent/CN104859456A/en
Priority to PCT/CN2015/095656 priority patent/WO2016201900A1/en
Priority to ATA9491/2015A priority patent/AT520871B1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104859456B publication Critical patent/CN104859456B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L5/00Current collectors for power supply lines of electrically-propelled vehicles
    • B60L5/18Current collectors for power supply lines of electrically-propelled vehicles using bow-type collectors in contact with trolley wire
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L5/00Current collectors for power supply lines of electrically-propelled vehicles
    • B60L5/18Current collectors for power supply lines of electrically-propelled vehicles using bow-type collectors in contact with trolley wire
    • B60L5/22Supporting means for the contact bow
    • B60L5/28Devices for lifting and resetting the collector
    • B60L5/30Devices for lifting and resetting the collector using springs

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Power Engineering (AREA)
  • Transportation (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Current-Collector Devices For Electrically Propelled Vehicles (AREA)

Abstract

Become track pantagraph current collector the invention discloses one kind, including quadric chain and trolley head (5), the quadric chain includes base (1), upper boom (2), lower beam (3) and pull bar (4), the trolley head (5) is located at the epitaxial end of the upper boom (2), the pull bar (4) is elastic draw bar, the quadric chain drives the trolley head (5) to have vertical lift stroke and transverse movement stroke, in vertical lift stroke, the elastic draw bar keeps fixed length, in transverse movement stroke, the elastic draw bar is stretched, the trolley head (5) by stream position on transverse movement direction be located at its on the outside of.Parking permitted that position has relatively large deviation distance for the pantagraph current collector, is easy to vehicle operating, and still ensure that in the case where vehicle body shakes it is stable flowed, also there is Stability Analysis of Structures, occupy little space.The invention also discloses the electric vehicle provided with change track pantagraph current collector.

Description

One kind becomes track pantagraph current collector and electric vehicle
Technical field
The present invention relates to quick charge by electro-technical field, particularly for the super electricity to energy storage electric electric bus Hold the pantagraph current collector for carrying out quick charge.The invention further relates to the electric vehicle provided with the pantagraph current collector.
Background technology
With the development of society, the Urban Rail Transit Development theory such as energy-saving and environmental protection is constantly lifted, energy storage type Electric Transit Vehicle arises at the historic moment, and so-called energy storage electric electric bus refers to be led as power to store electric energy using super capacitor Draw, flowed and flowed back using roof pantagraph current collector, and be rapidly completed and fill within the time of tens seconds that platform is got on or off the bus using passenger Electricity, once charging can ensure that the operation of energy storage electric electric bus is charged again to the next stop, should just because of These characteristics Vehicle has obtained more and more promoting the use of.
Fig. 1, Fig. 2 are refer to, Fig. 1 is the pantagraph current collector structural representation of existing energy storage electric electric bus charging system;Fig. 2 For Fig. 1 side view.
As illustrated, the pantagraph current collector of existing energy storage electric electric bus charging system, its integrated model can be regarded as one group The quadric chain installed longitudinally along the vehicle, power rail 1' is installed on pantagraph current collector 2'(or pantograph) surface.Due to four companies Each rod member is fixed length in linkage, and rod length sets by a certain percentage, in the presence of spring or cylinder driving force, is flowed Device 2' trolley head 3' can realize that near normal is lifted, and be contacted after vertically certain altitude is risen with surface power rail 1', Realization is flowed to vehicle.
This pantagraph current collector and other rail traffic vehicles, trackless transportation vehicle etc. are installed on the pantagraph current collector of roof (or by electricity Bow) operation principle it is essentially identical, more suitable for rail traffic vehicles, when its be applied to trackless transportation vehicle, such as energy storage During bus, have the following disadvantages:
First point, modern energy storage bus uses common rubber wheel, and rail-free is oriented to operation, and driver and conductor's parking is missed Difference is larger, and parking spot lateral deviation distance only 200mm or so that above-mentioned pantagraph current collector allows, to the operation skill of driver and conductor Art requires higher, and parking spot and parking angle when charging is to vehicle pull-in every time propose high requirement, it is more difficult to meet existing Field use requirement, not only bad for the operation convenience of vehicle, also results in Vehicular charging unstable.
Second point, due to using vehicle pull-in, pantagraph current collector rises the mode that charging is contacted with the power rail of surface to car Provide kinetic energy, during passenger getting on/off, vehicle body rocks the pantagraph current collector that can cause to be installed on roof and rocked together, on such pantagraph current collector Trolley head can in power rail double swerve, add contact resistance, be easily caused by flow problem.
Thirdly, to ensure that trolley head can be contacted after rise with power rail, trolley head is commonly designed growth shaped as slide Formula, and long trolley head can cause structural instability.
4th point, after pantagraph current collector is fallen, the larger occupancy vehicle roof space of meeting, or even beyond width of the carbody.
Therefore, how to increase the parking spot offset distance of pantagraph current collector permission, in order to vehicle operating, and improve what is flowed Stability, is those skilled in the art's technical issues that need to address.
The content of the invention
Become track pantagraph current collector it is an object of the invention to provide one kind.The pantagraph current collector Parking permitted position is present relatively large deviation away from From, it is easy to vehicle operating, and still ensure that stabilization is flowed in the case where vehicle body shakes, also with Stability Analysis of Structures, account for With space it is small the advantages of.
It is a further object of the present invention to provide a kind of electric vehicle provided with change track pantagraph current collector.
To realize above-mentioned first purpose, the present invention provides a kind of change track pantagraph current collector, including quadric chain and trolley head, The quadric chain includes base, upper boom, lower beam and pull bar, and the trolley head is located at the epitaxial end of the upper boom, the drawing Bar is elastic draw bar, and the quadric chain drives the trolley head to have vertical lift stroke and transverse movement stroke, is being hung down In straight lifting travel, the elastic draw bar keeps fixed length, and in transverse movement stroke, the elastic draw bar is stretched, described Trolley head by stream position on transverse movement direction be located at its on the outside of.
Preferably, along its length provided with the elastic telescopic portion formed by spring on the shaft of the elastic draw bar.
Preferably, the elastic draw bar includes the lower pull bar and spring being connected with each other, wherein the spring is located at upper end, institute Lower pull bar is stated positioned at lower end.
Preferably, the elastic draw bar includes the upper connecting rod and spring being connected with each other, wherein the upper connecting rod is located at upper end, The spring is located at lower end.
Preferably, the elastic draw bar includes the two sections of pull bars and one section of spring being connected with each other, and the pull bar is located at two ends, The spring is located at centre.
Preferably, the elastic draw bar includes the two sections of springs and one section of pull bar being connected with each other, and the spring is located at two ends, The pull bar is located at centre.
Preferably, the elastic draw bar includes the spring and pull bar that multistage is alternately connected.
Preferably, the elastic draw bar includes setting between the bar segment that two sections are coordinated by stretching structure, bar segment described in two Spring.
Preferably, the trolley head be provided with multiple tracks electrode, and the electrode on the outside under spaced and parallel distribution.
Preferably, the trolley head is installed on the upper boom by universal bearing, and its top is provided with antifriction rolling wheel.
To realize above-mentioned second purpose, a kind of electric vehicle of present invention offer, including vehicle body, power-driven system and filling Electric system, the charging system is provided with pantagraph current collector, and the pantagraph current collector is the change track pantagraph current collector described in any of the above-described, the change Track pantagraph current collector is installed on roof perpendicular to the length of wagon direction.
Pull bar in pantagraph current collector quadric chain is designed as elastic draw bar by the present invention, while by trolley head by stream position Design carries out powered lateral current collector, during work, power rail is installed on the side of pantagraph current collector so as to be formed in outside in side coil Orientation, by length change of the pull bar in motion process, it is vertical lift and transverse movement to make the Kinematic Decomposition of trolley head Variable track motion, trolley head elder generation near normal rise to after certain altitude (>1500mm), matching somebody with somebody in longitudinal degress of feedom limiting mechanism Under conjunction, can continue laterally horizontal movement certain distance (>600mm), until realization is contacted with power rail by Electricity Functional, in current collection Pull bar keeps fixed length during head vertical lift, and pull bar approximately linear extends during trolley head horizontal movement, due to its collection Dateline has long range horizontal movement function, therefore can increase the parking spot offset distance of permission, is easy to vehicle operating simultaneously The stability flowed is improved, modern energy storage electric electric bus is particularly suitable for use in.
Electric vehicle provided by the present invention be provided with above-mentioned change track pantagraph current collector, due to change track pantagraph current collector have it is upper Technique effect is stated, therefore, the electric vehicle provided with the change track pantagraph current collector should also have corresponding technique effect.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the pantagraph current collector structural representation of existing energy storage electric electric bus charging system;
Fig. 2 is Fig. 1 side view;
Fig. 3 is a kind of structural representation of embodiment of change track provided by the present invention pantagraph current collector;
Fig. 4 is the raising and transverse movement schematic diagram for becoming track pantagraph current collector shown in Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is the landing schematic diagram for becoming track pantagraph current collector shown in Fig. 3.
In Fig. 1, Fig. 2:
Power rail 1' pantagraph current collector 2' trolley heads 3'
Fig. 3 is into Fig. 5:
1. the power rail 7. of 5. trolley head of pull bar 4-2. springs 6. under the pull bar 4-1. of 2. upper boom of base, 3. lower beam 4. Guide plate
Embodiment
In order that those skilled in the art more fully understand the present invention program, with reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description The present invention is described in further detail.
The terms such as herein upper and lower, inside and outside are established based on position relationship shown in the drawings, with reference to the accompanying drawings Difference, corresponding position relationship is also possible to change therewith, therefore, can not be understood as to the absolute of protection domain Limit.
Fig. 3 is refer to, Fig. 3 is a kind of structural representation of embodiment of change track provided by the present invention pantagraph current collector Figure.
In a kind of specific embodiment, the lateral current collector that the present invention is provided is main by base 1, upper boom 2, lower beam 3, pull bar 4 and the grade of trolley head 5 constitute, wherein base 1, upper boom 2, lower beam 3 and pull bar 4 formation drive trolley head 5 move quadric chain, The lower end of lower beam 3 is hinged by rotating shaft with base 1, and upper end is hinged with upper boom 2, and lower end and the base 1 of pull bar 4 are hinged, Upper end and the connecting lever of the tail end of upper boom 2 are hinged, and upper boom 2 is designed to that the one end stretched out is narrower, and wider " V " word of the other end Shape frame structure, therefore also known as upper framework.
Pull bar 4 is elastic draw bar, is docked and is formed by lower pull bar 4-1 and spring 4-2, and wherein spring 4-2 is located at upper end, and upper Bar 2 is hinged, and lower pull bar 4-1 is located at lower end, is hinged with base 1.Certainly, as needed, lower pull bar 4-1 and spring 4-2 Position can also be exchanged, i.e., using the form of upside-down mounting.
Trolley head 5 by universal bearing be arranged on upper boom 2 epitaxial end, trolley head 5 by stream position be located at its laterally transport The outside in dynamic direction, it is used for the multiple tracks electrode parallel distribution in the way of interval up and down on alien invasion flowed, and top is provided with Antifriction rolling wheel.
Fig. 4 is refer to, Fig. 4 is the raising and transverse movement schematic diagram for becoming track pantagraph current collector shown in Fig. 3.
In actual use, electric supply installation is arranged on charging place, usually bus-stop, and its power rail 6 is in vehicle The sidepiece of top is vertically-mounted, the spaced and parallel distribution about 6 of multiple tracks power rail, the arrangement of its arrangement mode and the electrode of trolley head 5 Mode is consistent, and the length of each power rail 6 is more than the length of the electrode of trolley head 5, during so as to vehicle pull-in trolley head 5 it is front and rear compared with It can be contacted in big region with power rail, the width of each power rail 6 can be slightly wider than the width of the electrode of trolley head 5, be flowed with improving Stability.
Guide plate 7 (or guided way) is horizontally arranged at the top of power rail 6 in the way of perpendicular to power rail plane, for Trolley head 5, which is raised up to after certain altitude, limits its vertical freedom degree, it is not continued to motion upwards, and is changed to laterally outwardly transport It is dynamic, it can specifically become track pantagraph current collector using smooth steel plate etc. and be arranged in the way of perpendicular to length of wagon direction on roof, The lifting plane of its quadric chain and the transverse movement direction of trolley head are each perpendicular to the length direction of vehicle body.
Work as vehicle pull-in, be used to drive quadric chain when pantagraph current collector trolley head 5 needs to contact with power rail, on base Cylinder, spring collective effect make lower beam 3 turn clockwise, because the pulling force in this stage is also not enough to elongate spring 4-2, therefore The length of pull bar 4 keeps constant, in the presence of quadric chain, and trolley head 5 is perpendicular to the vertical flat of length of wagon direction Risen in face in approximately perpendicular mode.
When trolley head 5 is raised up to 1500mm or so height, guide plate 7 is supported on by the antifriction rolling wheel at the top of it On lower surface, under the limitation of guide plate 7, the pulling force for acting on pull bar 4 becomes larger, so that spring 4-2 linear extensions are pulled, Realize extension type pull bar function, form the structure similar to crank block, afterwards, trolley head 5 under the limitation of guide plate 7 not It is raised above again, pull bar 4 changes length automatically, and trolley head 5 can be laterally in the vertical plane perpendicular to length of wagon direction 0~700mm of transverse movement, is flowed until being contacted with the power rail 6 of electric supply installation.
Fig. 5 is refer to, Fig. 5 is the landing schematic diagram for becoming track pantagraph current collector shown in Fig. 3.
After charging is completed, when pantagraph current collector needs landing, lower beam 3 is rotated counterclockwise, and drives trolley head 5 laterally to move to the left Dynamic, spring 4-2 is gradually shortened, and after trolley head 5 and the disengaging of guide plate 7, spring 4-2 recovers to normal length, then, lower beam 3 It is rotated further, quadric chain is retracted to folded state, realizes the landing of pantagraph current collector.
Above-described embodiment is only several preferred schemes of the present invention, is specifically not limited thereto, on this basis can basis It is actually needed and makes with targetedly adjusting, so as to obtain different embodiments.For example, elastic draw bar by two sections of pull bars and One section of spring docks to be formed, and pull bar is located at two ends, and spring is located at centre;Or, elastic draw bar is by two sections of springs and one section of pull bar Docking is formed, and spring is located at two ends, and pull bar is located at centre;Or, elastic draw bar is alternately docked by multistage spring and multi-section bar Formed;Or, elastic draw bar is made up of two sections the bar segment with stretching structure, and bullet etc. is set between two bar segments.By It is more in mode in the cards, just no longer illustrate one by one here.
Except above-mentioned change track pantagraph current collector, the present invention also provide a kind of electric vehicle, including vehicle body, power-driven system with And charging system, charging system is provided with pantagraph current collector, and pantagraph current collector is change track pantagraph current collector described above, and it is perpendicular to vehicle body length Degree direction is installed on roof, the i.e. lifting plane of the quadric chain of change track pantagraph current collector and the transverse movement direction of trolley head is equal Perpendicular to the length direction of vehicle body, remaining structure refer to prior art, repeat no more herein.
Change track provided by the present invention pantagraph current collector and electric vehicle are described in detail above.It is used herein Specific case is set forth to the principle and embodiment of the present invention, and the explanation of above example is only intended to help and understands this The core concept of invention.It should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, not departing from the principle of the invention Under the premise of, some improvement and modification can also be carried out to the present invention, these are improved and modification also falls into the claims in the present invention In protection domain.

Claims (10)

1. one kind becomes track pantagraph current collector, including quadric chain and trolley head (5), the quadric chain include base (1), on Bar (2), lower beam (3) and pull bar (4), the trolley head (5) are located at the epitaxial end of the upper boom (2), it is characterised in that the drawing Bar (4) is elastic draw bar, and the quadric chain drives the trolley head (5) to have vertical lift stroke and transverse movement row Journey, in vertical lift stroke, the elastic draw bar keeps fixed length, and in transverse movement stroke, the elastic draw bar is stretched Contracting, the trolley head (5) by stream position on transverse movement direction be located at its on the outside of.
2. change track according to claim 1 pantagraph current collector, it is characterised in that along length side on the shaft of the elastic draw bar To provided with the elastic telescopic portion formed by spring.
3. change track according to claim 2 pantagraph current collector, it is characterised in that the elastic draw bar is included under being connected with each other Pull bar (4-1) and spring (4-2), wherein the spring (4-2) is located at upper end, the lower pull bar (4-1) is located at lower end.
4. change track according to claim 2 pantagraph current collector, it is characterised in that the elastic draw bar includes the upper of interconnection Pull bar and spring, wherein the upper connecting rod is located at upper end, the spring is located at lower end.
5. change track according to claim 2 pantagraph current collector, it is characterised in that the elastic draw bar includes two be connected with each other Section pull bar and one section of spring, the pull bar are located at two ends, and the spring is located at centre.
6. change track according to claim 2 pantagraph current collector, it is characterised in that the elastic draw bar includes two be connected with each other Section spring and one section of pull bar, the spring are located at two ends, and the pull bar is located at centre.
7. change track according to claim 2 pantagraph current collector, it is characterised in that the elastic draw bar includes multistage and alternately connected Spring and pull bar.
8. change track according to claim 2 pantagraph current collector, it is characterised in that the elastic draw bar includes two sections by stretching Spring is set between the bar segment of respective outer side edges, bar segment described in two.
9. the change track pantagraph current collector according to any one of claim 1 to 8, it is characterised in that the trolley head (5) is provided with more Road electrode, and the electrode on the outside under spaced and parallel distribution.
10. a kind of electric vehicle, including vehicle body, power-driven system and charging system, the charging system are provided with pantagraph current collector, Characterized in that, the pantagraph current collector be any one of the claims 1 to 9 described in change track pantagraph current collector, the change track by Stream device is installed on roof perpendicular to the length of wagon direction.
CN201510332298.0A 2015-06-16 2015-06-16 One kind becomes track pantagraph current collector and electric vehicle Active CN104859456B (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510332298.0A CN104859456B (en) 2015-06-16 2015-06-16 One kind becomes track pantagraph current collector and electric vehicle
PCT/CN2015/095656 WO2016201900A1 (en) 2015-06-16 2015-11-26 Track-variable current collector and electric vehicle
ATA9491/2015A AT520871B1 (en) 2015-06-16 2015-11-26 Variable gauge pantograph and electric vehicle

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510332298.0A CN104859456B (en) 2015-06-16 2015-06-16 One kind becomes track pantagraph current collector and electric vehicle

Publications (2)

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CN104859456A CN104859456A (en) 2015-08-26
CN104859456B true CN104859456B (en) 2017-08-18

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CN (1) CN104859456B (en)
AT (1) AT520871B1 (en)
WO (1) WO2016201900A1 (en)

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CN104890520B (en) * 2015-06-16 2018-02-23 中车株洲电力机车有限公司 A kind of lateral current collector and electric vehicle
CN104859456B (en) * 2015-06-16 2017-08-18 南车株洲电力机车有限公司 One kind becomes track pantagraph current collector and electric vehicle
CN104901382B (en) * 2015-06-16 2018-08-03 中车株洲电力机车有限公司 A kind of charging system
CN108454414A (en) * 2017-02-18 2018-08-28 天津益昌电气设备股份有限公司 A kind of three rail pantagraph current collector of Novel rolling-type
CN107054098A (en) * 2017-06-06 2017-08-18 中车株洲电力机车有限公司 A kind of pantagraph current collector lowering or hoisting gear
CN109693584B (en) * 2017-10-23 2020-11-13 华庚新材料科技(嘉兴)有限公司 Method for judging and correcting deviation of advancing track of intelligent trolley bus
CN112060917B (en) * 2020-09-17 2021-09-14 中车青岛四方车辆研究所有限公司 Current collector and rail vehicle

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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
AT520871A5 (en) 2022-10-15
WO2016201900A1 (en) 2016-12-22
AT520871B1 (en) 2023-06-15
CN104859456A (en) 2015-08-26
AT520871A2 (en) 2019-08-15

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Address after: 412001 Hunan Province, Zhuzhou Shifeng District Tianxin hi tech Park

Patentee after: CRRC ZHUZHOU LOCOMOTIVE CO., LTD.

Address before: 412001 Hunan Province, Zhuzhou Shifeng District Tianxin hi tech Park

Patentee before: South Locomotive & Rolling Stock Zhuzhou Power Car Co., Ltd.