CN104890536B - A kind of multi-electrode conductor rail and electric supply installation - Google Patents

A kind of multi-electrode conductor rail and electric supply installation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104890536B
CN104890536B CN201510333449.4A CN201510333449A CN104890536B CN 104890536 B CN104890536 B CN 104890536B CN 201510333449 A CN201510333449 A CN 201510333449A CN 104890536 B CN104890536 B CN 104890536B
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China
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electrode
conductor rail
insulated substrate
electrode conductor
rail according
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CN201510333449.4A
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CN104890536A (en
Inventor
索建国
冯叶
张彦林
林平
李军
张海丰
陈敏坚
孙宁
王秋红
周洁
郭瑾玉
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CSR Zhuzhou Electric Locomotive Co Ltd
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CSR Zhuzhou Electric Locomotive Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of multi-electrode conductor rail, including vertical insulated substrate (1) and multiple tracks transverse electrode (2) integrated thereon, the electrode (2) spaced and parallel distribution successively from top to bottom in the plate face of the insulated substrate (1) side, provided with insulation position (3) between the adjacent electrode (2), bottom of the insulation position (3) higher than the electrode (2) and the contact surface less than the electrode (2), and provided with some transverse concave grooves (4) parallel with the electrode (2).The conductor rail can be such that the trolley head of current collector accurately, stably positions by electricity while ensureing by stream process safety, so as to improve charging performance, it is ensured that the safe normally travel of vehicle.The invention also discloses the electric supply installation provided with the conductor rail.

Description

A kind of multi-electrode conductor rail and electric supply installation
Technical field
The present invention relates to the power supply technique field of quick charge, particularly for the super capacitor to energy storage type electric vehicle Carry out the conductor rail of quick charge.The invention further relates to the electric supply installation provided with the conductor rail.
Background technology
With the development of society, the Urban Rail Transit Development theory such as energy-saving and environmental protection is constantly lifted, energy storage type Electric Transit Vehicle arises at the historic moment, and so-called energy storage electric electric bus refers to be led as power to store electric energy using super capacitor Draw, flowed and flowed back using roof pantagraph current collector, and be rapidly completed and fill within the time of tens seconds that platform is got on or off the bus using passenger Electricity, once charging can ensure that the operation of energy storage electric electric bus is charged again to the next stop, should just because of These characteristics Vehicle has obtained more and more promoting the use of.
Fig. 1, Fig. 2 are refer to, Fig. 1 is the pantagraph current collector structural representation of existing energy storage electric electric bus charging system;Fig. 2 For Fig. 1 side view.
As illustrated, the pantagraph current collector of existing energy storage electric electric bus charging system, its integrated model can be regarded as one group The quadric chain installed longitudinally along the vehicle, power rail 1' is installed on pantagraph current collector 2'(or pantograph) surface.
Because each rod member is fixed length in quadric chain, and rod length sets by a certain percentage, is driven in spring or cylinder In the presence of power, pantagraph current collector 2' trolley head 3' can realize that near normal is lifted, and after certain altitude is vertically risen and just Top power rail 1' is contacted, and realization is flowed to vehicle.
This pantagraph current collector and other rail traffic vehicles, trackless transportation vehicle etc. are installed on the pantagraph current collector of roof (or by electricity Bow) operation principle it is essentially identical, more suitable for rail traffic vehicles, when its be applied to trackless transportation vehicle, such as energy storage During bus, because power rail is arranged in directly over underbody sidepiece or roof, it is unfavorable for current collector trolley head accurate with power rail Contact, positioning are by electricity.
Therefore, the Stability and veracity that trolley head is contacted with power rail how is improved, is those skilled in the art's needs The technical problem of solution.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of multi-electrode conductor rail.The conductor rail can while ensureing by stream process safety So that the trolley head of current collector is accurate, stably position by electricity, so as to improve charging performance.
It is a further object of the present invention to provide a kind of electric supply installation provided with the conductor rail.
To realize above-mentioned first purpose, the present invention provides a kind of multi-electrode conductor rail, including vertical insulated substrate and thereon Integrated multiple tracks transverse electrode, the electrode is from top to bottom successively spaced and parallel point in the plate face of the insulated substrate side Cloth.
Preferably, provided with insulation position between the adjacent electrode, the insulation position is higher than the bottom of the electrode And less than the contact surface of the electrode, and provided with some transverse concave grooves with the electrode runs parallel.
Preferably, the depth of the groove exceedes the bottom of the electrode.
Preferably, the insulation position and insulated substrate are integral type structure.
Preferably, the number of recesses on each insulation position is the roads of three Dao Zhi six.
Preferably, the electrode includes positive pole, negative pole and earthing pole.
Preferably, the electrode further comprises pickup electrode.
Preferably, guide plate is further comprised, the guide plate is located above the electrode and perpendicular to the insulation base Plate.
Preferably, in the side of the insulated substrate length direction, the electrode exceeds the insulated substrate certain distance.
To realize above-mentioned second purpose, the present invention provides a kind of electric supply installation, one for being placed in Vehicular charging position Side, including support and the power rail for being installed on the support, the power rail are the multi-electrode conductor rail described in any of the above-described, The conductor rail is located at the sidepiece of vehicle up direction.
The present invention by for the multiple electrodes of power supply together with spaced and parallel mode integrated installation in vertical insulated substrate On, installed in the side of Vehicular charging position when using, and the current collector trolley head being located on the sidepiece of vehicle up direction, vehicle exists Carried out after rise by transverse movement and electrode contact by electricity, with big flow conductivity and reliable insulating properties, and structure It is compact, while guarantee and pedestrian have safe distance, it is easy to trolley head accurately, stably to be positioned with conductor rail by electricity, carries High charge performance, it is ensured that the safe normally travel of vehicle.
In a kind of preferred scheme, provided with insulation position between each electrode on insulation board, and provided with recessed on insulation position Groove, the creep age distance between each electrode is increased by groove, it is ensured that compact conformation, safety can under the conditions of multielectrode for it Lean on.
Electric supply installation provided by the present invention be provided with above-mentioned energy storage electric vehicle conductor rail, due to the conductor rail have it is upper Technique effect is stated, therefore, the electric supply installation provided with the conductor rail should also have corresponding technique effect.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the pantagraph current collector structural representation of existing energy storage electric electric bus charging system;
Fig. 2 is Fig. 1 side view;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of multi-electrode conductor rail provided by the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the side view of multi-electrode conductor rail shown in Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is the top view of multi-electrode conductor rail shown in Fig. 3;
Fig. 6 is the use state of multi-electrode conductor rail provided by the present invention with reference to figure;
Fig. 7 be another visual angle under multi-electrode conductor rail provided by the present invention use state with reference to figure.
In Fig. 1, Fig. 2:
Power rail 1' pantagraph current collector 2' trolley heads 3'
Fig. 3 is into Fig. 7:
The vehicle of position 4. groove, 5. guide plate, 6. conductor rail, 7. the support 8. 1. electrode 3. of insulated substrate 2. insulate
Embodiment
In order that those skilled in the art more fully understand the present invention program, with reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description The present invention is described in further detail.
The terms such as herein upper and lower, inside and outside are established based on position relationship shown in the drawings, with reference to the accompanying drawings Difference, corresponding position relationship is also possible to change therewith, therefore, can not be understood as to the absolute of protection domain Limit.
Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5 are refer to, Fig. 3 is the structural representation of multi-electrode conductor rail provided by the present invention;Fig. 4 is Fig. 3 The side view of shown multi-electrode conductor rail;Fig. 5 is the top view of multi-electrode conductor rail shown in Fig. 3.
In a kind of specific embodiment, the multi-electrode conductor rail that the present invention is provided mainly has the road of insulated substrate 1 and four horizontal Electrode 2 is constituted, and insulated substrate 1 is made by insulating materials, is a monoblock insulation board, because it needs to be vertically arranged when in use, because Here be defined as the mounting interface that electrode 2 is distributed with vertical insulated substrate, insulated substrate 1, and electrode 2 is by conductor material Make, four road transverse electrodes are integrated on insulated substrate 1 together.
Specifically, four road electrodes 2 are respectively positive pole, negative pole, earthing pole and pickup electrode, the plate face in the side of insulated substrate 1 On spaced and parallel distribution successively from top to bottom, the equal length of each electrode 2, contact surface be located at same upright plane, in insulated substrate 1 The side of length direction, electrode 2 exceeds the certain distance of insulated substrate 1.
Certainly, as needed, pickup electrode can also be saved, only retains three electricity including positive pole, negative pole, earthing pole Pole.
Provided with raised insulation position 3 between adjacent electrode 2, insulation position 3 is integral type structure with insulated substrate 1, The four roads horizontal stroke parallel with electrode 2 is respectively equipped with its bottom higher than electrode 2 and the contact surface less than electrode 2, each insulation position 3 To groove 4, the depth of groove 4 exceedes the bottom of electrode 2, to increase the creep age distance between each electrode 2.Certainly, according to attached Figure, groove 4 can also be considered as to be formed by some parallel transverse ribs
To improve the Stability and veracity that current collector trolley head is in contact with conductor rail, guide plate 5 can be further set up, This guide plate 5 is located at the top of electrode 2 and perpendicular to insulated substrate 1, and it directly vertical with insulated substrate 1 can both be connected, and also might be used To be connected on other components, plumbness is kept with insulated substrate 1 only in installation site.
Fig. 6, Fig. 7 are refer to, Fig. 6 is the use state of multi-electrode conductor rail provided by the present invention with reference to figure;Fig. 7 is another The use state of multi-electrode conductor rail provided by the present invention is with reference to figure under visual angle.
In actual use, conductor rail 6 is arranged on charging place by support 7 (or other modes), usually bus Platform, and positioned at the sidepiece of the top of vehicle 8, the configuration of electrodes of vehicle current collector trolley head and the arrangement side of conductor rail electrode Formula is consistent, both parallel contacts, and the length of each electrode 2 of conductor rail is more than the length of current collection tip electrode, during so as to vehicle pull-in Trolley head can be contacted in front and rear large area with conductor rail 6, and the width of each electrode 2 of conductor rail 6 can be slightly wider than trolley head electricity The width of pole, to improve the stability flowed.
Guide plate 5 (or guided way) is horizontally arranged at the top of conductor rail 6 in the way of perpendicular to the side of conductor rail 6, is used for Its longitudinal degress of feedom is limited after trolley head is raised up to certain altitude, it is not continued to motion upwards, and is changed to laterally outwardly Motion, specifically can be arranged on roof using smooth steel plate etc., the pantagraph current collector of vehicle in the way of perpendicular to length of wagon direction On, its trolley head can carry out elevating movement and transverse movement.
Work as vehicle pull-in, when pantagraph current collector trolley head needs to contact with conductor rail 6, trolley head is perpendicular to length of wagon direction Vertical plane in risen in approximately perpendicular mode.
When trolley head is raised up to 1500mm or so height, trolley head is no longer raised above under the limitation of guide plate 5, collection Dateline starts transverse movement laterally in the vertical plane perpendicular to length of wagon direction, and movable distance is in 0~700mm Between, flowed until being contacted with conductor rail 6.
Above-described embodiment is only several preferred schemes of the present invention, is specifically not limited thereto, on this basis can basis It is actually needed and makes with targetedly adjusting, so as to obtain different embodiments.For example, multiple electrodes use insulation material respectively Material is independently installed, or the quantity of groove is further increased or decreased etc..Because mode in the cards is more, here just not Another one illustrates.
Except above-mentioned multi-electrode conductor rail, the present invention also provides a kind of electric supply installation, for being placed in Vehicular charging position Side, including support and the power rail for being installed on support, wherein, power rail is multi-electrode conductor rail described above, described Conductor rail is located at the sidepiece of vehicle up direction, and concrete structure has been described above, just repeated no more.
Multi-electrode conductor rail provided by the present invention and electric supply installation are described in detail above.It is used herein Specific case is set forth to the principle and embodiment of the present invention, and the explanation of above example is only intended to help and understands this The core concept of invention.It should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, not departing from the principle of the invention Under the premise of, some improvement and modification can also be carried out to the present invention, these are improved and modification also falls into the claims in the present invention In protection domain.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of multi-electrode conductor rail, including vertical insulated substrate (1) and multiple tracks transverse electrode (2) integrated thereon, the electricity Pole (2) spaced and parallel distribution successively from top to bottom in the plate face of the insulated substrate (1) side;The adjacent electrode (2) Between provided with insulation position (3), it is characterised in that the insulation position (3) higher than the electrode (2) bottom and less than described The contact surface of electrode (2), and provided with some transverse concave grooves (4) parallel with the electrode (2).
2. multi-electrode conductor rail according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the depth of the groove (4) exceedes the electricity The bottom of pole (2).
3. multi-electrode conductor rail according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the insulation position (3) and insulated substrate (1) For integral type structure.
4. multi-electrode conductor rail according to claim 3, it is characterised in that the groove (4) on each insulation position (3) Quantity be the roads of three Dao Zhi six.
5. multi-electrode conductor rail according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the electrode (2) includes positive pole, negative pole and connect Earth polar.
6. multi-electrode conductor rail according to claim 5, it is characterised in that the electrode (2) further comprises pickup electrode.
7. the multi-electrode conductor rail according to any one of claim 1 to 6, it is characterised in that further comprise guide plate (5), the guide plate (5) is located above the electrode (2) and perpendicular to the insulated substrate (1).
8. the multi-electrode conductor rail according to any one of claim 1 to 6, it is characterised in that long in the insulated substrate (1) The side in direction is spent, the electrode (2) exceeds the insulated substrate (1) certain distance.
9. a kind of electric supply installation, the side for being placed in Vehicular charging position, including support (7) and it is installed on the support (7) power rail, it is characterised in that the power rail is the multi-electrode conductor rail described in any one of the claims 1 to 8, The conductor rail is located at the sidepiece above vehicle (8).
CN201510333449.4A 2015-06-16 2015-06-16 A kind of multi-electrode conductor rail and electric supply installation Active CN104890536B (en)

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105799551B (en) * 2016-03-10 2018-07-03 中车浦镇庞巴迪运输系统有限公司 APM rapid transit system (RTS)s are used for electric installation
CN111231679B (en) * 2018-11-29 2021-07-09 比亚迪股份有限公司 Charging device of rail vehicle and rail transit system

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2328663A (en) * 1997-08-28 1999-03-03 Michael Davitt Electric current supply; sectioned conductor rail
DE19920088A1 (en) * 1998-06-25 2000-02-24 Abb Daimler Benz Transp Grooved end approach of conductor rail e.g. for urban rail transport, such as underground railway
CN1478670A (en) * 2002-08-26 2004-03-03 朱成龙 Strip and block type power suplly network
CN101327750A (en) * 2007-06-18 2008-12-24 上海磁浮交通工程技术研究中心 Composite power supply rail and method for producing the same
CN103318054A (en) * 2013-06-24 2013-09-25 北京星通浩宇科技发展有限公司 Expansion joint for contact rail
CN204845599U (en) * 2015-06-16 2015-12-09 南车株洲电力机车有限公司 Many electrode contact rail and power supply unit

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102008045482B4 (en) * 2008-09-03 2017-12-21 Conductix-Wampfler Gmbh Conductor line, pantograph and conductor rail system

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2328663A (en) * 1997-08-28 1999-03-03 Michael Davitt Electric current supply; sectioned conductor rail
DE19920088A1 (en) * 1998-06-25 2000-02-24 Abb Daimler Benz Transp Grooved end approach of conductor rail e.g. for urban rail transport, such as underground railway
CN1478670A (en) * 2002-08-26 2004-03-03 朱成龙 Strip and block type power suplly network
CN101327750A (en) * 2007-06-18 2008-12-24 上海磁浮交通工程技术研究中心 Composite power supply rail and method for producing the same
CN103318054A (en) * 2013-06-24 2013-09-25 北京星通浩宇科技发展有限公司 Expansion joint for contact rail
CN204845599U (en) * 2015-06-16 2015-12-09 南车株洲电力机车有限公司 Many electrode contact rail and power supply unit

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