CN104723196A - Four-degree-of-freedom adjusting table - Google Patents

Four-degree-of-freedom adjusting table Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104723196A
CN104723196A CN201310718170.9A CN201310718170A CN104723196A CN 104723196 A CN104723196 A CN 104723196A CN 201310718170 A CN201310718170 A CN 201310718170A CN 104723196 A CN104723196 A CN 104723196A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
adjustment
pressing plate
slide block
guide rail
crosshead shoe
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201310718170.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104723196B (en
Inventor
刘红兵
李金明
焦尚才
赵建强
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Beijing rongdahui Technology Development Co., Ltd
Original Assignee
BEIJING HIGH-PRECISION TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201310718170.9A priority Critical patent/CN104723196B/en
Publication of CN104723196A publication Critical patent/CN104723196A/en
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Publication of CN104723196B publication Critical patent/CN104723196B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B13/00Machines or devices designed for grinding or polishing optical surfaces on lenses or surfaces of similar shape on other work; Accessories therefor

Abstract

The invention discloses a four-degree-of-freedom adjusting table. The four-degree-of-freedom adjusting table comprises a base, a two-dimensional translation mechanism, a slide carriage, a two-dimensional rotating mechanism and a worktable, wherein the slide carriage is arranged on the base through the two-dimensional translation mechanism; and the worktable is arranged on the slide carriage through the two-dimensional rotating mechanism. The base is provided with the two-dimensional translation mechanism, the two-dimensional translation mechanism drives the slide carriage to move, the slide carriage is provided with the two-dimensional rotating mechanism, and the two-dimensional rotating mechanism drives the worktable to move, so that four-degree-of-freedom movement of the worktable is realized. Two-dimensional translation is separated from two-dimensional rotation, the mechanical structure is simplified, and four-degree-of-freedom movement is convenient to control.

Description

Four-degree-of-freedom adjustment platform
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of adjustment platform, particularly relate to a kind of four-degree-of-freedom adjustment platform.
Background technology
Four-degree-of-freedom adjustment platform, in machining large optical lens process, has very important status.Due to large-scale optical lens be mainly used in astronomy, remote sensing, observing and controlling, artificial satellite etc. national leading-edge field, therefore higher to requirement on machining accuracy.Current high-precision four-degree-of-freedom adjustment platform is owing to needing to realize higher Adjustment precision, and therefore complicated in mechanical structure, many platforms even adopt four-degree-of-freedom robot platform in parallel, add the complexity of control.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to provide a kind of structure simple four-degree-of-freedom adjustment platform.
Technical solution problem of the present invention adopts following technical scheme: a kind of four-degree-of-freedom adjustment platform, comprise base, two-dimension translational mechanism, slide carriage, two-dimensional rotation mechanism and workbench, described slide carriage is by two-dimension translational organization establishes on base, and described workbench is arranged on described slide carriage by two-dimensional rotation mechanism.
Optionally, described two-dimension translational mechanism comprises the first length guide rail, the second length guide rail, the first crosshead shoe, the first governor motion and the second governor motion;
Described first length guide rails assembling is on described base;
Described first crosshead shoe is slidably disposed on described first length guide rail;
Described second length guide rail is slidably disposed on described first crosshead shoe, and described second length guide rail is perpendicular to described first length guide rail, and described slide carriage is fixed on described second length guide rail;
Described first governor motion is fixed on described base, and described slide carriage can be made to drive described first crosshead shoe along described first length guide rail translation;
Described second governor motion is fixed on described slide carriage, and described slide carriage can be made to drive described second length guide rail along described first crosshead shoe translation.
Optionally, described first governor motion comprises the first baffle plate, the first adjustment screw, the first adjustment rack, the second crosshead shoe, the 3rd crosshead shoe, the first adjustment slide block, the second adjustment slide block, the 3rd adjustment slide block, the 4th adjustment slide block, the first pressing plate, the second pressing plate, the 3rd pressing plate and the 4th pressing plate;
Described first baffle plate is fixed on the base of described first length guide rail one end;
Described first pressing plate and the second pressing plate are individually fixed on described slide carriage, and lay respectively at the both sides of described first length guide rail;
Described second crosshead shoe is slidably disposed on one end of described first length guide rail;
Described first adjustment slide block and the second adjustment slide block are fixed on described second crosshead shoe, and are slidably disposed on described first pressing plate and the second pressing plate respectively;
Described first adjustment rack is arranged on described second crosshead shoe, and described first adjustment rack offers screwed hole along the bearing of trend of described first length guide rail;
Described first adjustment screw passes described first baffle plate, with the screwed hole threaded engagement of described first adjustment rack;
Described 3rd pressing plate and the 4th pressing plate are individually fixed on described slide carriage, and lay respectively at the both sides of described first length guide rail;
Described 3rd crosshead shoe is slidably disposed on the other end of described first length guide rail;
Described 3rd adjustment slide block and the 4th adjustment slide block are fixed on described 3rd crosshead shoe, and are slidably disposed in respectively on described 3rd pressing plate and the 4th pressing plate.
Optionally, described second governor motion comprises second baffle, the second adjustment screw, the second adjustment rack, the 4th crosshead shoe, the 5th crosshead shoe, the 5th adjustment slide block, the 6th adjustment slide block, the 7th adjustment slide block, the 8th adjustment slide block, the 5th pressing plate, the 6th pressing plate, the 7th pressing plate and the 8th pressing plate;
Described second baffle is fixed on the slide carriage of described second length guide rail one end;
5th pressing plate and the 6th pressing plate are individually fixed on base, and lay respectively at the both sides of described second length guide rail;
Described 4th crosshead shoe is slidably disposed on one end of described second length guide rail;
Described 5th adjustment slide block and the 6th adjustment slide block are fixed on described 4th crosshead shoe, and are slidably disposed on described 5th pressing plate and the 6th pressing plate respectively;
Described second adjustment rack is arranged on described 4th crosshead shoe, and on described second adjustment rack, the bearing of trend of described second length guide rail offers screwed hole;
Described second adjustment screw passes described second baffle, with the screwed hole threaded engagement of described second adjustment rack;
Described 7th pressing plate and the 8th pressing plate are individually fixed on the base of described second length guide rail both sides;
Described 5th crosshead shoe is slidably disposed on the other end of described second length guide rail;
Described 7th adjustment slide block and the 8th adjustment slide block are fixed on described 5th crosshead shoe, and are slidably disposed in respectively on described 7th pressing plate and the 8th pressing plate.
Optionally, described first governor motion also comprises and is fixed on the first straight line short lead rail on described slide carriage and the second straight line short lead rail, and described first straight line short lead rail and the second straight line short lead rail are slidably disposed on described second crosshead shoe and the 3rd crosshead shoe respectively; And/or described second governor motion also comprises and is fixed on the 3rd straight line short lead rail on described base and the 4th straight line short lead rail, described 3rd straight line short lead rail and the 4th straight line short lead rail are slidably disposed on described 4th crosshead shoe and the 5th crosshead shoe respectively.
Optionally, described first adjustment slide block, the second adjustment slide block, the 3rd adjustment slide block and the 4th adjustment slide block offer groove along perpendicular to the direction of described first length guide rail respectively, described first pressing plate, the second pressing plate, the 3rd pressing plate and the 4th pressing plate are respectively arranged with to adjust slide block, second with described first and adjust slide block, the 3rd and adjust the backing pin that slide block and the 4th adjusts the slot fit of slide block; And/or described 5th adjustment slide block, the 6th adjustment slide block, the 7th adjustment slide block and the 8th adjustment slide block offer groove along perpendicular to the direction of described second length guide rail respectively, described 5th pressing plate, the 6th pressing plate, the 7th pressing plate and the 8th pressing plate are respectively arranged with and adjust slide block, the 6th with the 5th and adjust slide block, the 7th and adjust the backing pin that slide block and the 8th adjusts the slot fit of slide block.
Optionally, described two-dimensional rotation mechanism comprises clutch shaft bearing seat, the second bearing block, the 3rd bearing block, the 4th bearing block, middle transition plate, the first angle adjusting mechanism, the second angle adjusting mechanism;
Described clutch shaft bearing seat and the 3rd bearing block are installed on the end face of described slide carriage;
Described second bearing block and the 4th bearing block are installed on the bottom surface of described workbench;
Described middle transition plate comprises the first rotating shaft, the second rotating shaft, the 3rd rotating shaft and the 4th rotating shaft, wherein said first rotating shaft and the 3rd rotating shaft core line overlap, described second rotating shaft and the 4th rotating shaft core line overlap, the axial line of described first rotating shaft is vertical with the axial line of described second rotating shaft, and described first rotating shaft, the second rotating shaft, the 3rd rotating shaft and the 4th rotating shaft are arranged in described clutch shaft bearing seat, the second bearing block, the 3rd bearing block and the 4th bearing block respectively;
Described first angle adjusting mechanism and described second angle adjusting mechanism are arranged on described middle transition plate.
Optionally, described first angle adjusting mechanism comprises first pedestal integrated with described middle transition plate, be arranged at the first angle adjusting nut on described first pedestal and the first angle adjustment screw with described first angle adjusting nut threaded engagement, one end of described first angle adjustment screw is fixed on the end face of described slide carriage, and/or described second angle adjusting mechanism comprises second pedestal integrated with described middle transition plate, be arranged at the second angle adjusting nut on described second pedestal and the second angle adjustment screw with described second angle adjusting nut threaded engagement, one end of described second angle adjustment screw is fixed on the bottom surface of described workbench.
Optionally, described first angle adjusting mechanism is multiple; And/or described second angle adjusting mechanism is multiple.
Optionally, described second angle adjusting mechanism also comprises the second spheric washer and the second taper faced washer, described second taper faced washer is arranged in described second pedestal, described second spheric washer is arranged on described second taper faced washer, and described second angle adjusting nut is arranged on described second taper faced washer.
The present invention has following beneficial effect: four-degree-of-freedom adjustment platform of the present invention is by being arranged on the two-dimension translational mechanism on base, slide carriage motion is driven by two-dimension translational mechanism, described slide carriage is provided with two-dimensional rotation mechanism, working table movement is driven by two-dimensional rotation mechanism, thus realize the four-degree-of-freedom motion of workbench, that is moved with two-dimensional rotary by described two-dimension translational motion is separated, and simplifies frame for movement, also facilitates the control of the motion to four frees degree simultaneously.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of four-degree-of-freedom of the present invention adjustment platform;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the two-dimension translational mechanism of four-degree-of-freedom of the present invention adjustment platform;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the two-dimension translational mechanism of four-degree-of-freedom of the present invention adjustment platform;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the two-dimensional rotation mechanism of four-degree-of-freedom of the present invention adjustment platform;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the second angle-adjusting mechanism of four-degree-of-freedom of the present invention adjustment platform.
In figure, mark is illustrated as: 1-base; 2-slide carriage; 3-workbench; 4-first length guide rail; 5-second length guide rail; 6-first crosshead shoe; 7-first baffle plate; 8-first adjusts screw; 9-first adjustment rack; 10-second crosshead shoe; 11-the 3rd crosshead shoe; 12-first adjusts slide block; 13-second adjusts slide block; 14-the 3rd adjusts slide block; 15-the 4th adjusts slide block; 16-first pressing plate; 17-second pressing plate; 18-the 3rd pressing plate; 19-the 4th pressing plate; 20-second baffle; 21-second adjusts screw; 22-second adjustment rack; 23-the 4th crosshead shoe; 24-the 5th crosshead shoe; 25-the 5th adjusts slide block; 26-the 6th adjusts slide block; 27-the 7th adjusts slide block; 28-the 8th adjusts slide block; 29-the 5th pressing plate; 30-the 6th pressing plate; 31-the 7th pressing plate; 32-the 8th pressing plate; 33-first straight line short lead rail; 34-second straight line short lead rail; 35-the 3rd straight line short lead rail; 36-the 4th straight line short lead rail; 37-backing pin; 38-clutch shaft bearing seat; 39-second bearing block; 40-the 3rd bearing block; 41-the 4th bearing block; 42-middle transition plate; 43-first rotating shaft; 44-second rotating shaft; 45-the 3rd rotating shaft; 46-the 4th rotating shaft; 47-first pedestal; 48-first angle adjusting nut; 49-first angle adjustment screw; 50-second pedestal; 51-second angle adjusting nut; 52-second angle adjustment screw; 53-second spheric washer; 54-second taper faced washer.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with embodiment and accompanying drawing, technical scheme of the present invention is further elaborated.
Embodiment 1
With reference to figure 1-5, present embodiments provide a kind of four-degree-of-freedom adjustment platform, comprise base 1, two-dimension translational mechanism, slide carriage 2, two-dimensional rotation mechanism and workbench 3, described slide carriage 2 is by two-dimension translational organization establishes on base 1, and described workbench 3 is arranged on described slide carriage 2 by two-dimensional rotation mechanism.
Four-degree-of-freedom adjustment platform of the present invention is by being arranged on the two-dimension translational mechanism on base 1, slide carriage 2 is driven to move by two-dimension translational mechanism, described slide carriage 2 is provided with two-dimensional rotation mechanism, workbench 3 is driven to move by two-dimensional rotation mechanism, thus realize the four-degree-of-freedom motion of workbench 3, that is moved with two-dimensional rotary by described two-dimension translational motion is separated, and simplifies frame for movement, also facilitates the control of the motion to four frees degree simultaneously.
In the present embodiment, optionally, described two-dimension translational mechanism comprises the first length guide rail 4, second length guide rail 5, first crosshead shoe 6, first governor motion and the second governor motion;
Described first length guide rail 4 is installed on described base 1;
Described first crosshead shoe 6 is slidably disposed on described first length guide rail 4;
Described second length guide rail 5 is slidably disposed on described first crosshead shoe 6, and described second length guide rail 5 is perpendicular to described first length guide rail 4, and described slide carriage 2 is fixed on described second length guide rail 5;
Described first governor motion is fixed on described base 1, and described slide carriage 2 can be made to drive described first crosshead shoe 6 along described first length guide rail 4 translation;
Described second governor motion is fixed on described slide carriage 2, and described slide carriage can be made to drive described second length guide rail 5 along described first crosshead shoe 6 translation.
Described first crosshead shoe 6 comprises the first chute and the second chute, the bearing of trend of described first chute is vertical with the bearing of trend of the second chute, and described first chute coordinates with described first length guide rail 4, described second chute coordinates with described second length guide rail 5;
Described two-dimension translational mechanism is by the first governor motion, make described first crosshead shoe 6 under the drive of described slide carriage 2, slide along the first length guide rail 4, to realize the movement in X direction of described two-dimension translational mechanism, simultaneously by the second governor motion, make described slide carriage 2 drive described second length guide rail 5 along described first crosshead shoe 6 translation, to realize the movement of described two-dimension translational mechanism along the Y-direction vertical with described X-direction, namely achieve the two-dimension translational of this two-dimension translational mechanism.
In the present embodiment, optionally, described first governor motion comprises the first baffle plate 7, first adjustment screw 8, first adjustment rack 9, second crosshead shoe 10, the 3rd crosshead shoe 11, first adjusts slide block 12, second adjustment slide block 13, the 3rd adjustment slide block 14, the 4th adjustment slide block 15, first pressing plate 16, second pressing plate 17, the 3rd pressing plate 18 and the 4th pressing plate 19;
Described first baffle plate 7 is fixed on the base 1 of described first length guide rail 4 one end;
Described first pressing plate 16 and the second pressing plate 17 are individually fixed on described slide carriage 2, and lay respectively at the both sides of described first length guide rail 4;
Described second crosshead shoe 10 is slidably disposed on one end of described first length guide rail 4;
Described first adjustment slide block 12 and the second adjustment slide block 13 are fixed on described second crosshead shoe 10, and are slidably disposed on described first pressing plate 16 and the second pressing plate 17 respectively; Preferred, described first adjustment slide block 12 and the second adjustment slide block 13 are fixed on the relative side of two of described second crosshead shoe 10, and described two relative sides are all parallel to the bearing of trend of described first length guide rail 4.
Described first adjustment rack 9 is arranged at the upper of described second crosshead shoe 10, and described first adjustment rack 9 offers screwed hole along the bearing of trend of described first length guide rail; Preferred, described first adjustment rack 9 is arranged on the side of described second crosshead shoe 10, and described lateral vertical is in the bearing of trend of described first length guide rail 4.
Described first adjustment screw 8 passes described first baffle plate 7, with the screwed hole threaded engagement of described first adjustment rack 9;
Described 3rd pressing plate 18 and the 4th pressing plate 19 are individually fixed on described slide carriage 2, and lay respectively at the both sides of described first length guide rail 4;
Described 3rd crosshead shoe 11 is slidably disposed on the other end of described first length guide rail 4;
Described 3rd adjustment slide block 14 and the 4th adjustment slide block 15 are fixed on described 3rd crosshead shoe 11, and be slidably disposed on described 3rd pressing plate 18 and the 4th pressing plate 19 respectively, preferred, described 3rd adjustment slide block 14 and the 4th adjustment slide block 15 are fixed on the relative side of two of described 3rd crosshead shoe 11, and described two relative sides are all parallel to the bearing of trend of described first length guide rail 4.
First governor motion of the present embodiment, by the rotation of the first adjustment screw 8, drive the rectilinear motion of described first adjustment rack 9, thus make the rectilinear motion of the second crosshead shoe 10 be connected with described first adjustment rack 9, further, by being connected with described second crosshead shoe 10 first adjusts slide block 12 and second adjusts slide block 13 and the first pressing plate 16 and the second pressing plate 17 and drives described slide carriage 2 to move along described first length guide rail 4; And in the present embodiment, described slide carriage 2 is supported further, to improve the rigidity of described two-dimension translational mechanism by described 3rd crosshead shoe 11, the 3rd pressing plate 18, the 4th pressing plate 19, the 3rd adjustment slide block 14 and the 4th adjustment slide block 15.
In the present embodiment, optionally, described second governor motion comprises second baffle 20, second adjustment screw 21, second adjustment rack 22, the 4th crosshead shoe 23, the 5th crosshead shoe 24, the 5th adjustment slide block 25, the 6th adjustment slide block 26, the 7th adjustment slide block 27, the 8th adjustment slide block 28, the 5th pressing plate 29, the 6th pressing plate 30, the 7th pressing plate 31 and the 8th pressing plate 32;
Described second baffle 20 is fixed on the slide carriage 2 of described second length guide rail 5 one end;
5th pressing plate 29 and the 6th pressing plate 30 are individually fixed on base 1, and are positioned at the both sides of described second length guide rail 5;
Described 4th crosshead shoe 23 is slidably disposed on one end of described second length guide rail 5;
Described 5th adjustment slide block 25 and the 6th adjustment slide block 26 are fixed on described 4th crosshead shoe 23, and are slidably disposed on described 5th pressing plate 29 and the 6th pressing plate 30 respectively; Preferred, described first adjustment slide block 12 and the second adjustment slide block 13 are fixed on the relative side of two of described 4th crosshead shoe 23, and described two relative sides are all parallel to the bearing of trend of described second length guide rail 5.
Described second adjustment rack 22 is arranged on described 4th crosshead shoe 23, and described second adjustment rack 22 offers screwed hole along the bearing of trend of described second length guide rail 5; More preferably, described second adjustment rack 22 is arranged on the side of described 4th crosshead shoe 23, and described lateral vertical is in the bearing of trend of described second length guide rail 5.
Described second adjustment screw 21 passes described second baffle 20, with the screwed hole threaded engagement of described second adjustment rack 22;
Described 7th pressing plate 31 and the 8th pressing plate 32 are individually fixed on described base 1, and are positioned at the both sides of described second length guide rail 5;
Described 5th crosshead shoe 24 is slidably disposed on the other end of described second length guide rail 5;
Described 7th adjustment slide block 27 and the 8th adjustment slide block 28 are fixed on described 5th crosshead shoe 24, and be slidably disposed on described 7th pressing plate 31 and the 8th pressing plate 32 respectively, preferred, described 7th adjustment slide block 27 and the 8th adjustment slide block 28 are fixed on the relative vertical side of two of described 5th crosshead shoe 24, and described two relative vertical sides are parallel to the bearing of trend of described second length guide rail 5.
Second governor motion of the present embodiment, by the rotation of the second adjustment screw 21, drive the rectilinear motion of described second adjustment rack 22, thus make the rectilinear motion of the 4th crosshead shoe 23 be connected with described second adjustment rack 22, further, the by being connected with described 4th crosshead shoe 23 the 5th adjusts slide block 25 and the 6th adjusts slide block 26 and the 5th pressing plate 29 and the 6th pressing plate 30 and drives described slide carriage 2 to move along described second length guide rail 5; Thus in conjunction with described first guiding mechanism, realize the two dimensional motion of described two-dimension translational mechanism; And in the present embodiment, described slide carriage 2 is supported further, to improve the rigidity of described two-dimension translational mechanism by described 5th crosshead shoe 24, the 7th pressing plate 31, the 8th pressing plate 32, the 7th adjustment slide block 27 and the 8th adjustment slide block 28.
In the present embodiment, optionally, described first governor motion also comprises the first straight line short lead rail 33 and the second straight line short lead rail 34 be fixed on described slide carriage 2, and described first straight line short lead rail 33 and the second straight line short lead rail 34 are slidably disposed on described second crosshead shoe 10 and the 3rd crosshead shoe 11 respectively; And/or described second governor motion also comprises and is fixed on the 3rd straight line short lead rail 35 on described base 1 and the 4th straight line short lead rail 36, described 3rd straight line short lead rail 35 and the 4th straight line short lead rail 36 are slidably disposed on described 4th crosshead shoe 23 and the 5th crosshead shoe 24 respectively.
In the present embodiment, optionally, described second crosshead shoe 10, the 3rd crosshead shoe 11, the 4th crosshead shoe 23, the 5th crosshead shoe 24 include the first chute and the second chute, the bearing of trend of described first chute is vertical with the bearing of trend of the second chute, first chute of described second crosshead shoe 10 and the 3rd crosshead shoe 11 coordinates with described first length guide rail 4 respectively, and the second chute of described second crosshead shoe 10 and the 3rd crosshead shoe 11 coordinates with described first straight line short lead rail 33 and the second straight line short lead rail 34 respectively; First chute of described 4th crosshead shoe 23 and the 5th crosshead shoe 24 coordinates with described second length guide rail 5 respectively, first chute of described 4th crosshead shoe 23 and the 5th crosshead shoe 24 coordinates with the 3rd straight line short lead rail 35 and the 4th straight line short lead rail 36 respectively, to be improved the rigidity of described two-dimension translational mechanism further by described second crosshead shoe 10, the 3rd crosshead shoe 11, the 4th crosshead shoe 23 and the 5th crosshead shoe 24 and the guide rail that matches with each crosshead shoe, improve the rigidity of whole four-degree-of-freedom adjustment platform, thus improve Adjustment precision.
In the present embodiment, optionally, described first adjustment slide block 12, second adjusts slide block 13, the 3rd adjustment slide block 14 and the 4th adjustment slide block 15 and offers groove along perpendicular to the direction of described first length guide rail 4 respectively, described first pressing plate 16, second pressing plate 17, the 3rd pressing plate 18 and the 4th pressing plate 19 is respectively arranged with to adjust slide block 12, second with described first and adjust slide block 13, the 3rd and adjust the backing pin that slide block 14 and the 4th adjusts the slot fit of slide block 15; And/or described 5th adjustment slide block 25, the 6th adjustment slide block 26, the 7th adjustment slide block 27 and the 8th adjustment slide block 28 offer groove along the direction perpendicular to described second length guide rail 5 respectively, described 5th pressing plate 29, the 6th pressing plate 30, the 7th pressing plate 31 and the 8th pressing plate 32 are respectively arranged with and adjust slide block 25, the 6th with the 5th and adjust slide block 26, the 7th and adjust the backing pin 37 that slide block 27 and the 8th adjusts the slot fit of slide block 28, to realize the slip that each adjustment slide block realizes on described each pressing plate along the backing pin be mated.
In the present embodiment, optionally, described two-dimensional rotation mechanism comprises clutch shaft bearing seat 38, second bearing block 39, the 3rd bearing block 40, the 4th bearing block 41, middle transition plate 42, first angle adjusting mechanism, the second angle adjusting mechanism;
Described clutch shaft bearing seat 38 and the 3rd bearing block 40 are installed on the end face of described slide carriage 2;
Described second bearing block 39 and the 4th bearing block 41 are installed on the bottom surface of described workbench 3;
Described middle transition plate 42 comprises the first rotating shaft 43, second rotating shaft 44, the 3rd rotating shaft 45 and the 4th rotating shaft 46, wherein said first rotating shaft 43 and the 3rd rotating shaft 45 axial line overlap, described second rotating shaft 44 and the 4th rotating shaft 46 axial line overlap, the axial line of described first rotating shaft 43 is vertical with the axial line of described second rotating shaft 44, and described first rotating shaft 43, second rotating shaft 44, the 3rd rotating shaft 45 and the 4th rotating shaft 46 are arranged in described clutch shaft bearing seat 38, second bearing block 39, the 3rd bearing block 40 and the 4th bearing block 41 respectively; Preferred, described first rotating shaft 43, second rotating shaft 44, the 3rd rotating shaft 45 and the 4th rotating shaft 46 are arranged in described clutch shaft bearing seat 38, second bearing block 39, the 3rd bearing block 40 and the 4th bearing block 41 respectively by bearing;
Described first angle adjusting mechanism and described second angle adjusting mechanism are arranged on described middle transition plate 42, to regulate the angle of described middle transition plate 42.
The two-dimensional rotation mechanism of the present embodiment passes through the adjustment of the first angle adjusting mechanism and the second angle adjusting mechanism, described middle transition plate 42 is rotated around the axial line of the first rotating shaft 43 and the axial line of the second rotating shaft 44, thus makes described slide carriage 2 realize the two-dimensional rotary of described workbench 3 by described two-dimensional rotation mechanism.
In the present embodiment, optionally, described first angle adjusting mechanism comprises with described middle transition plate 42 integrated first pedestal 47, is arranged at the first angle adjusting nut 48 on described first pedestal 47 and the first angle adjustment screw 49 with described first angle adjusting nut 48 threaded engagement, one end of described first angle adjustment screw 49 is fixed on the end face of described slide carriage 2, to realize described middle transition plate 42 angular adjustment.
In the present embodiment, optionally, described second angle adjusting mechanism comprises with described middle transition plate integrated second pedestal 50, is arranged at the second angle adjusting nut 51 on described second pedestal 50 and the second angle adjustment screw 52 with described second angle adjusting nut 51 threaded engagement, one end of described second angle adjustment screw 52 is fixed on the bottom surface of described workbench 3, to realize described middle transition plate 42 angular adjustment.
In the present embodiment, optionally, described first angle adjusting mechanism is multiple; And/or described second angle adjusting mechanism is multiple, to improve the rigidity of described angle adjusting mechanism to the support of described middle transition plate 42.
In the present embodiment, optionally, described first angle adjusting mechanism also comprises the first spheric washer and taper faced washer, described first taper faced washer is arranged in described first pedestal 47, described first spheric washer is arranged on described first taper faced washer, described first angle adjusting nut 48 is arranged on described first taper faced washer, to do angle compensation when the axis out of plumb of the segmentation plane of described middle transition plate 42 and the first angle adjustment screw 49, prevent contact and degenerate or even stuck problem.
In the present embodiment, optionally, described second angle adjusting mechanism also comprises the second spheric washer 53 and the second taper faced washer 54, described second taper faced washer 54 is arranged in described second pedestal 50, described second spheric washer 53 is arranged on described second taper faced washer 54, described second angle adjusting nut 51 is arranged on described second taper faced washer 54, to do angle compensation when the axis out of plumb of the segmentation plane of described middle transition plate 42 and the second angle adjustment screw 52, prevent contact and degenerate or even stuck problem.
The sequencing of above embodiment, only for ease of describing, does not represent the quality of embodiment.
Last it is noted that above embodiment is only in order to illustrate technical scheme of the present invention, be not intended to limit; Although with reference to previous embodiment to invention has been detailed description, those of ordinary skill in the art is to be understood that: it still can be modified to the technical scheme described in foregoing embodiments, or carries out equivalent replacement to wherein portion of techniques feature; And these amendments or replacement, do not make the essence of appropriate technical solution depart from the spirit and scope of various embodiments of the present invention technical scheme.

Claims (10)

1. a four-degree-of-freedom adjustment platform, it is characterized in that, comprise base, two-dimension translational mechanism, slide carriage, two-dimensional rotation mechanism and workbench, described slide carriage is by two-dimension translational organization establishes on base, and described workbench is arranged on described slide carriage by two-dimensional rotation mechanism.
2. four-degree-of-freedom adjustment platform according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described two-dimension translational mechanism comprises the first length guide rail, the second length guide rail, the first crosshead shoe, the first governor motion and the second governor motion;
Described first length guide rails assembling is on described base;
Described first crosshead shoe is slidably disposed on described first length guide rail;
Described second length guide rail is slidably disposed on described first crosshead shoe, and described second length guide rail is perpendicular to described first length guide rail, and described slide carriage is fixed on described second length guide rail;
Described first governor motion is fixed on described base, and described slide carriage can be made to drive described first crosshead shoe along described first length guide rail translation;
Described second governor motion is fixed on described slide carriage, and described slide carriage can be made to drive described second length guide rail along described first crosshead shoe translation.
3. four-degree-of-freedom adjustment platform according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described first governor motion comprises the first baffle plate, the first adjustment screw, the first adjustment rack, the second crosshead shoe, the 3rd crosshead shoe, the first adjustment slide block, the second adjustment slide block, the 3rd adjustment slide block, the 4th adjustment slide block, the first pressing plate, the second pressing plate, the 3rd pressing plate and the 4th pressing plate;
Described first baffle plate is fixed on the base of described first length guide rail one end;
Described first pressing plate and the second pressing plate are individually fixed on described slide carriage, and lay respectively at the both sides of described first length guide rail;
Described second crosshead shoe is slidably disposed on one end of described first length guide rail;
Described first adjustment slide block and the second adjustment slide block are fixed on described second crosshead shoe, and are slidably disposed on described first pressing plate and the second pressing plate respectively;
Described first adjustment rack is arranged on described second crosshead shoe, and described first adjustment rack offers screwed hole along the bearing of trend of described first length guide rail;
Described first adjustment screw passes described first baffle plate, with the screwed hole threaded engagement of described first adjustment rack;
Described 3rd pressing plate and the 4th pressing plate are individually fixed on described slide carriage, and lay respectively at the both sides of described first length guide rail;
Described 3rd crosshead shoe is slidably disposed on the other end of described first length guide rail;
Described 3rd adjustment slide block and the 4th adjustment slide block are fixed on described 3rd crosshead shoe, and are slidably disposed in respectively on described 3rd pressing plate and the 4th pressing plate.
4. four-degree-of-freedom adjustment platform according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, described second governor motion comprises second baffle, the second adjustment screw, the second adjustment rack, the 4th crosshead shoe, the 5th crosshead shoe, the 5th adjustment slide block, the 6th adjustment slide block, the 7th adjustment slide block, the 8th adjustment slide block, the 5th pressing plate, the 6th pressing plate, the 7th pressing plate and the 8th pressing plate;
Described second baffle is fixed on the slide carriage of described second length guide rail one end;
5th pressing plate and the 6th pressing plate are individually fixed on base, and lay respectively at the both sides of described second length guide rail;
Described 4th crosshead shoe is slidably disposed on one end of described second length guide rail;
Described 5th adjustment slide block and the 6th adjustment slide block are fixed on described 4th crosshead shoe, and are slidably disposed on described 5th pressing plate and the 6th pressing plate respectively;
Described second adjustment rack is arranged on described 4th crosshead shoe, and on described second adjustment rack, the bearing of trend of described second length guide rail offers screwed hole;
Described second adjustment screw passes described second baffle, with the screwed hole threaded engagement of described second adjustment rack;
Described 7th pressing plate and the 8th pressing plate are individually fixed on the base of described second length guide rail both sides;
Described 5th crosshead shoe is slidably disposed on the other end of described second length guide rail;
Described 7th adjustment slide block and the 8th adjustment slide block are fixed on described 5th crosshead shoe, and are slidably disposed in respectively on described 7th pressing plate and the 8th pressing plate.
5. four-degree-of-freedom adjustment platform according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, described first governor motion also comprises and is fixed on the first straight line short lead rail on described slide carriage and the second straight line short lead rail, and described first straight line short lead rail and the second straight line short lead rail are slidably disposed on described second crosshead shoe and the 3rd crosshead shoe respectively; And/or described second governor motion also comprises and is fixed on the 3rd straight line short lead rail on described base and the 4th straight line short lead rail, described 3rd straight line short lead rail and the 4th straight line short lead rail are slidably disposed on described 4th crosshead shoe and the 5th crosshead shoe respectively.
6. the four-degree-of-freedom adjustment platform according to claim 4 or 5, it is characterized in that, described first adjustment slide block, the second adjustment slide block, the 3rd adjustment slide block and the 4th adjustment slide block offer groove along perpendicular to the direction of described first length guide rail respectively, described first pressing plate, the second pressing plate, the 3rd pressing plate and the 4th pressing plate are respectively arranged with to adjust slide block, second with described first and adjust slide block, the 3rd and adjust the backing pin that slide block and the 4th adjusts the slot fit of slide block; And/or described 5th adjustment slide block, the 6th adjustment slide block, the 7th adjustment slide block and the 8th adjustment slide block offer groove along perpendicular to the direction of described second length guide rail respectively, described 5th pressing plate, the 6th pressing plate, the 7th pressing plate and the 8th pressing plate are respectively arranged with and adjust slide block, the 6th with the 5th and adjust slide block, the 7th and adjust the backing pin that slide block and the 8th adjusts the slot fit of slide block.
7. four-degree-of-freedom adjustment platform according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described two-dimensional rotation mechanism comprises clutch shaft bearing seat, the second bearing block, the 3rd bearing block, the 4th bearing block, middle transition plate, the first angle adjusting mechanism, the second angle adjusting mechanism;
Described clutch shaft bearing seat and the 3rd bearing block are installed on the end face of described slide carriage;
Described second bearing block and the 4th bearing block are installed on the bottom surface of described workbench;
Described middle transition plate comprises the first rotating shaft, the second rotating shaft, the 3rd rotating shaft and the 4th rotating shaft, wherein said first rotating shaft and the 3rd rotating shaft core line overlap, described second rotating shaft and the 4th rotating shaft core line overlap, the axial line of described first rotating shaft is vertical with the axial line of described second rotating shaft, and described first rotating shaft, the second rotating shaft, the 3rd rotating shaft and the 4th rotating shaft are arranged in described clutch shaft bearing seat, the second bearing block, the 3rd bearing block and the 4th bearing block respectively;
Described first angle adjusting mechanism and described second angle adjusting mechanism are arranged on described middle transition plate.
8. four-degree-of-freedom adjustment platform according to claim 7, it is characterized in that, described first angle adjusting mechanism comprises first pedestal integrated with described middle transition plate, be arranged at the first angle adjusting nut on described first pedestal and the first angle adjustment screw with described first angle adjusting nut threaded engagement, one end of described first angle adjustment screw is fixed on the end face of described slide carriage, and/or described second angle adjusting mechanism comprises second pedestal integrated with described middle transition plate, be arranged at the second angle adjusting nut on described second pedestal and the second angle adjustment screw with described second angle adjusting nut threaded engagement, one end of described second angle adjustment screw is fixed on the bottom surface of described workbench.
9. four-degree-of-freedom adjustment platform according to claim 8, it is characterized in that, described first angle adjusting mechanism is multiple; And/or described second angle adjusting mechanism is multiple.
10. according to claim 8 or claim 9 four-degree-of-freedom adjustment platform, it is characterized in that, described second angle adjusting mechanism also comprises the second spheric washer and the second taper faced washer, described second taper faced washer is arranged in described second pedestal, described second spheric washer is arranged on described second taper faced washer, and described second angle adjusting nut is arranged on described second taper faced washer.
CN201310718170.9A 2013-12-23 2013-12-23 Four-degree-of-freedom adjusts platform Active CN104723196B (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106405787A (en) * 2016-12-10 2017-02-15 中国科学院长春光学精密机械与物理研究所 Angle adjusting device for reflector optical element
CN109940478A (en) * 2019-03-05 2019-06-28 重庆两江联创电子有限公司 A kind of polishing jig and polishing method

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5195407A (en) * 1990-07-31 1993-03-23 Menicon Co., Ltd. Apparatus for making an aspherical lens and a method of making an aspherical lens
CN202639828U (en) * 2012-04-16 2013-01-02 安庆联控机电科技发展有限公司 Piston ring large-diameter winding machine guide wheel seat device
CN103128628A (en) * 2013-03-18 2013-06-05 厦门大学 Optical element processing and detecting platform based on multi-degree-of-freedom motor
CN203679971U (en) * 2013-12-23 2014-07-02 北京海普瑞森科技发展有限公司 Adjusting table of four degrees of freedom

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5195407A (en) * 1990-07-31 1993-03-23 Menicon Co., Ltd. Apparatus for making an aspherical lens and a method of making an aspherical lens
CN202639828U (en) * 2012-04-16 2013-01-02 安庆联控机电科技发展有限公司 Piston ring large-diameter winding machine guide wheel seat device
CN103128628A (en) * 2013-03-18 2013-06-05 厦门大学 Optical element processing and detecting platform based on multi-degree-of-freedom motor
CN203679971U (en) * 2013-12-23 2014-07-02 北京海普瑞森科技发展有限公司 Adjusting table of four degrees of freedom

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106405787A (en) * 2016-12-10 2017-02-15 中国科学院长春光学精密机械与物理研究所 Angle adjusting device for reflector optical element
CN109940478A (en) * 2019-03-05 2019-06-28 重庆两江联创电子有限公司 A kind of polishing jig and polishing method

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