Vertical spinning machine
The present invention relates to auto parts manufacture field, particularly to a kind of vertical spinning machine.
With social development, all trades and professions for the requirement more and more higher of engineering goods, especially for automotive hub, oil
The extensive product of these demands such as cylinder, stainless steel tableware, people require it to have higher precision and intensity.Conventional pressure shapes skill
The Product Precision that art is produced is low, product surface fineness low it is impossible to meet the technical need in high accuracy field, and traditional machine
The product strength that process technology is produced can not meet technical requirements, and the especially field such as Aeronautics and Astronautics, automobile is to product strength
There are requirements at the higher level.
The Chinese patent of Application No. 200820167277.3 discloses a kind of vertical type strong force spinning machine, and whole fuselage is frame
During frame, floor space is big, and it respectively arranges one group of spinning apparatus in lathe bed both sides and rear side, when three groups of spinning apparatus synchronous processing works
During part, main shaft is subject to a partial load in the radial direction all the time, leads to main-shaft axis skew to make the overall size of processing part
Content of the invention
The present invention provides a kind of vertical spinning machine, to solve above-mentioned technical problem.
For solving above-mentioned technical problem, the present invention provides a kind of vertical spinning machine, including：Lathe bed, main shaft device, column,
Carriage apparatus and tail ejection device；Wherein, described main shaft device is arranged on described lathe bed, and its top is provided with and is available for work piece
Interface platform；Described column is provided with three, is distributed on described main shaft device surrounding, is provided with longitudinal driving device；
Described carriage apparatus are connected with described longitudinal driving device, including cartridge body, machining cell and traverse gear, described cunning
The triangle star structure that frame body is arranged for integral type, described traverse gear drives described machining cell on cartridge body
Transverse shifting；Described tail ejection device is arranged on above carriage apparatus and position is corresponding with described main shaft device.
Preferably, described main shaft device includes：Main shaft and multigroup spindle motor, described main shaft and multigroup spindle motor are equal
Vertical be arranged on described lathe bed, and described multigroup spindle motor is each connected with described main shaft.
Preferably, the outfan of spindle motor described in every group is provided with the first belt wheel, described main shaft bottom is provided with
Two belt wheels, are all connected by flexible drive between every group of first belt wheel and described second belt wheel, soft from different on the second belt wheel
The diameter of property transmission body correspondence position is different or diameter of multigroup described first belt wheel is different.
Preferably, described first belt wheel adopts and includes big belt wheel and the double pulley of small pulley.
Preferably, described column includes left column, front column and right column, wherein, described front column is tied for door case type
Structure, described left and right column is provided with the longitudinal line slideway for described slide block mechanism movement.
Preferably, also including crossbeam, described crossbeam is arranged on the top of three described columns.
Preferably, machining cell includes：It is arranged on the end face of rotary wheel base on described traverse gear and rotary wheel base
Affixed spinning roller case, the rotary shaft being arranged in described spinning roller case and the spinning roller being arranged in described rotary shaft.
Preferably, described traverse gear includes：Laterally servomotor, transversal deceleration machine, horizontal line slideway and
Transverse ball lead screw transmission, described horizontal servomotor, transversal deceleration machine and transverse ball lead screw transmission are sequentially connected in series even
Connect, described transverse ball lead screw transmission is connected with the tail end of described rotary wheel base, the slide block of described horizontal line slideway with described
Laterally rotary wheel base is affixed.
Described longitudinal driving device includes：Servo longitudinal motor, longitudinal deceleration machine, longitudinal line slideway and longitudinal ball wire
Bar transmission, described longitudinal leadscrew nut is arranged on crossbeam by bearing block, described servo longitudinal motor, longitudinal deceleration machine and
Longitudinal ball leading screw driving pair is sequentially connected in series, and the top of the secondary and described balladeur train of described longitudinal ball leading screw driving is connected, institute
The slide block stating longitudinal line slideway is affixed with described balladeur train side.
Preferably, described tail ejection device include tail top case, be located at tail top case within tail apical axis, tail top retaining mechanism and
Oil cylinder, tail apical axis does lengthwise movement along tail top case under hydraulic oil cylinder driving.
Preferably, also including control device, described control device includes：Control panel outside lathe bed, by electricity
The analysis module that road is connected with control panel, the detection module being connected with analysis module and performing module and with servomotor phase
Feedback module even.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has advantages below：
1st, adopt integral type lathe bed, be easily installed debugging, unit assembling of ship machinery and transport, improve peace and adjust precision and efficiency；
2nd, spindle motor and main shaft are directly connected to using flexible drive, without gear mechanism, it is possible to reduce transmission link,
Improve mechanical efficiency, simultaneously so that device is conveniently adjusted and safeguards, save manpower；
3rd, spindle motor and spindle vertical are arranged on lathe bed, the power being switched as the high low speed of main shaft using spindle motor
Source, without using the conversion of bedroom change speed gear box travel direction, only needs control system to be switched fast different spindle motors, you can to realize
The high low speed conversion of main shaft, omits horizontal change speed gear box simultaneously, reduces cost；
4th, the present invention is carrying out installation and debugging and is safeguarding that spindle drive part has convenient and swift and efficient advantage.
5th, adopt the integral type cartridge body of triangle star, three groups of horizontally set are transversely mounted 120 ° of frame uniformly, three groups
Machining cell does synchronous horizontal along the horizontal line slideway on cartridge body and moves, and radial spinning power can balance counteracting, because
This main shaft is not subject to unbalance loading, and rigidity well it is ensured that the mould pressing of high accuracy cylindrical part, that is, ensure that machining cell radial direction is entered
To when centering, reduce assembling and setting difficulty；
6th, adopt the cartridge body of integral type, three groups are transversely mounted set up be set to 120 degree of angles be uniformly distributed so that three
The radial direction processing drag that group is transversely mounted during frame processing is offset as internal force, reduces column cross-sectional area in vertical spinning machine
Size requirement, reduce the cost of vertical spinning machine, and improve whole machine rigidity and stability；
7th, traverse gear adopts horizontal servomotor and transverse ball lead screw transmission, has very high dynamic response
And positioning precision, and avoid creeping phenomenon during heavy-duty low-speed feeding；
8th, described horizontal servomotor drives described machining cell action by described ball leading screw driving is secondary, and that is, three is straight
Connect series connection, improve installation effectiveness and reduction takes up room；
9th, machining cell adopts spinning roller case and rotary wheel base separate form, with positioning key block positioning, can quickly assemble dimension
10th, three drivings, three pillar constructions are longitudinally adopted, three sets of longitudinal driving devices are distributed on horizontal stroke for 120 ° around main-shaft axis
On top surface of the beam, drive carriage device does lengthwise movement, three root post connecting cross beams and lathe bed so that whole machine forms the framework of closing
Structure, the longitudinal operating force in processing and processing drag, as internal force counteracting, the intensity of the whole machine of effective guarantee and rigidity, improve
Part processing precision；
11st, adopt totally enclosed outer protective cover, lathe front and back end is provided with the automatic door made of tempered glass being opened and closed up and down, with lathe
Operation has interlock function, prevents accident during human users from occurring and coolant splashing is it is ensured that production safety and environment are defended
12nd, present invention modern design, compact conformation are accurate, and the whole machine packed and transported of energy, reliability height extend spinning machine
Service life, the product of production has high accuracy, high intensity, high production rate, the automated production of achievable high-volume part.
Fig. 1 is the assembling figure of vertical spinning machine in the embodiment of the invention；
Fig. 2 is the front view of vertical spinning machine in the embodiment of the invention；
Fig. 3 is the A-A face sectional view of Fig. 2；
Fig. 4 is the top view of vertical spinning machine in the embodiment of the invention；
Fig. 5 is the left view of vertical spinning machine in the embodiment of the invention；
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of main shaft device in the embodiment of the invention；
Fig. 7 is the front view of main shaft device in the embodiment of the invention；
Fig. 8 is the perspective view of carriage apparatus in the embodiment of the invention；
Fig. 9 is the upward view of carriage apparatus in the embodiment of the invention；
Figure 10 is the B-B face sectional view of Fig. 9.
100- lathe bed；
200- main shaft device, 210- main shaft, 220- spindle motor, 230- second belt wheel, 240- first belt wheel, 250- are flexible
310- left column, 320- right column, 330- front column；
400- longitudinal driving device；
500- carriage apparatus；
510- cartridge body, 511- are transversely mounted frame, 512- longitudinal direction column installing plate, 513- circular hole, 514- through hole；
520- machining cell, 521- rotary wheel base, 522- spinning roller case, 523- spinning roller, 524- rotary shaft；
The horizontal servomotor of 530- traverse gear, 531-, 532- transverse ball lead screw transmission, 5321- transverse wire
Thick stick, 5322- cross lead screw nut, the horizontal bearing block of 5323-, 533- transversal deceleration machine, the horizontal line slideway of 534-；
600- tail ejection device；
Understandable for enabling the above objects, features and advantages of the present invention to become apparent from, below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings to the present invention
Specific embodiment be described in detail.It should be noted that, accompanying drawing of the present invention is all in the form of simplifying and all using non-essence
Accurate ratio, only in order to purpose that is convenient, lucidly aiding in illustrating the embodiment of the present invention.
As shown in Figures 1 to 5, the vertical spinning machine of the present invention, including：Lathe bed 100, main shaft device 200, column, longitudinal direction
Actuating device 400, carriage apparatus 500, tail ejection device 600 and crossbeam 700.Described main shaft device 200 is arranged on lathe bed 100
On, column is provided with three, is distributed on around described main shaft device 200, longitudinal driving device 400 is arranged on column, and with
Carriage apparatus 500 connect, and described carriage apparatus 500 are arranged between crossbeam 700 and main shaft device 200, and can stand along described
Post lengthwise movement, described crossbeam 700 is arranged on column top, makes whole machine form the frame structure of closed stablity, tail ejection device 600
It is arranged on crossbeam 700, position is corresponding with described main shaft device 200, is used for pushing down workpiece.It is additionally provided with described lathe bed 100
Workpiece ejection cylinder, for when work pieces process completes, by workpiece from mold ejection.
Please emphasis with reference to Fig. 6 to Fig. 7, and combine Fig. 1 to Fig. 5, described main shaft device 200 top is provided with and is available for work piece
Interface platform.Specifically, described main shaft device 200 includes：Main shaft 210 and multigroup spindle motor 220, described main shaft 210 He
Multigroup spindle motor 220 is all vertical to be arranged on described lathe bed 100, and described multigroup spindle motor 220 each with described main shaft
210 are connected.Using the spindle motor 220 of vertical installation and the main shaft 210 of vertical installation, using spindle motor 220 as main shaft 210
The power source of high low speed switching, without using the conversion of bedroom change speed gear box travel direction, only need to be switched fast different spindle motors
220, you can realize the high low speed conversion of main shaft 210, omit horizontal change speed gear box simultaneously, reduce cost.
Further, the outfan of spindle motor 220 described in every group is provided with the first belt wheel 240, described main shaft 210 bottom
Second belt wheel 230 is installed, between every group of first belt wheel 240 and described second belt wheel 230 all by flexible drive 250 even
Connect, or multigroup described first belt wheel different from the diameter of different flexible drive 250 correspondence positions on the second belt wheel 230
240 diameter is different.
Wherein, different from the diameter of different flexible drive 250 correspondence positions on the second belt wheel 230 refer to：Different
Flexible drive 250 be connected with the diverse location of the second belt wheel 230, the diameter of the various location of the second belt wheel 230 is each not
Identical.It is preferably provided with two groups of spindle motors 220, then the second belt wheel 230 is big including be fixedly installed together in the present embodiment
Belt wheel and the double pulley of small pulley.Certainly, the diameter of large and small belt wheel is different, and it forms from described first belt wheel 240 different straight
Footpath ratio, and then enable spindle motor 220 to provide different reduction gear ratio for main shaft 210.
The diameter of multigroup described first belt wheel 240 is different to be referred to：With each flexible drive on described second belt wheel 230
The diameter all same of 250 corresponding positions, and the diameter of multigroup described first belt wheel 240 is different, described multigroup first band
Wheel 240, flexible drive 250 and the second belt wheel 230 constitute different speed reducing ratio, thus realizing based on spindle motor 220
Axle 210 provides different rotating speeds.
Further, described flexible drive 250 can be using the Timing Belt shown in Fig. 6 or V band, many wedges
Shape band and chain, between the spindle motor 220 of the present embodiment and main shaft 210 directly pass through first, second belt wheel 240,230 and
Flexible drive 250 connects, and structure is simple, substantially increases the mechanical efficiency of spindle motor 220；Make main shaft device 200 simultaneously
It is conveniently adjusted and safeguards, save manpower, there is convenient and swift and efficient advantage.Preferably, described first belt wheel 240 and institute
The outfan stating spindle motor 220 can be directly connected to it is also possible to be connected by shaft coupling or transition axis.
Please emphasis referring to figs. 1 to Fig. 5, described column includes left column 310, front column 330 and right column 320, and three are stood
Post is distributed on main shaft device 200 surrounding with hexagonal angle, and column bottom surface is fixing with lathe bed 100.Wherein, described front column 330 is door
Closed-in construction, the artificial operating area as lathe front and automatic charging passage；Arrange on described left and right column 310,320
Many longitudinal line slideways, described carriage apparatus 500 are connected with the slide block of described longitudinal line slideway.
Described longitudinal driving device 400 includes：Servo longitudinal motor, longitudinal deceleration machine, described longitudinal line slideway and vertical
To ball-screw-transmission pair.Described longitudinal ball leading screw driving secondary inclusion longitudinal leadscrew and the longitudinal silk being arranged on longitudinal leadscrew
Stem nut.Described longitudinal screw mandrel is arranged on crossbeam 700 by longitudinal bearing block, and described longitudinal leadscrew nut is arranged on described cunning
On rack device 500.Wherein, servo longitudinal motor is connected with described longitudinal screw mandrel by longitudinal deceleration machine, by driving longitudinal silk
Bar rotates and drives carriage apparatus 500 lengthwise movement.
Please emphasis with reference to Fig. 8 to Figure 10, and combine Fig. 1 to Fig. 5, described carriage apparatus 500 include cartridge body 510, plus
Work order unit 520 and traverse gear 530.
The triangle star structure that described cartridge body 510 is arranged for integral type, described traverse gear 530 drives described
Machining cell 520 transverse shifting on cartridge body 510.Specifically, described cartridge body 510 is included around described cartridge body
Uniform three groups of 510 central shafts are transversely mounted frame 511, that is, three groups be transversely mounted frame 511 be in 120 degree angular distribution so that work sheet
The radial directions processing drags in processing for the unit 520 are offset as internal force, reduce the big of column cross-sectional area in vertical spinning machine
Little requirement, reduces the cost of vertical spinning machine, and improves whole machine rigidity and stability.Additionally, the balladeur train of integral type is originally
Centering when body 510 can ensure machining cell 520 radial feed in processing, reduces assembling and setting difficulty.
Further, every two groups are transversely mounted between frame 511 and are provided with longitudinal column installing plate 512, and described longitudinal direction is stood
The circular hole 513 passing through for longitudinal screw mandrel is provided with post installing plate 512.Described cartridge body 510 is provided centrally with for tail apical axis
The through hole 514 passing through.In other words, described three root posts and three groups are transversely mounted frame 511 interval setting so that whole machine forms envelope
Close stable structure.
Specifically, described machining cell 520 includes：Be arranged on rotary wheel base 521 on described traverse gear 530 and
The affixed spinning roller case 522 of the end face of rotary wheel base 521, the rotary shaft 524 being arranged in described spinning roller case 522 and be arranged on described rotation
Spinning roller 523 in rotating shaft 524.Preferably, described rotary shaft 524 is driven by electric rotating machine (not shown) drives spinning roller 523
Further, (in figure is not shown to be provided with positioning key block at the faying face of described spinning roller case 522 and rotary wheel base 521
Go out), can quickly realize spinning roller case 522 and its assembly and disassembly of internal spinning roller 523.
Described traverse gear 530 includes：Laterally servomotor 531, transversal deceleration machine 533, horizontal line slideway 534
With transverse ball lead screw transmission 532, described horizontal servomotor 531, transversal deceleration machine 533 and transverse ball lead screw transmission
532 are sequentially connected in series, and described transverse ball lead screw transmission 532 is connected with the tail end of described rotary wheel base 521, described laterally straight
The slide block of line guide rail 534 is affixed with described rotary wheel base 521.
Described transverse ball lead screw transmission 532 includes horizontal leading screw 5321 and is arranged on horizontal in horizontal leading screw 5321
Feed screw nut 5322, and described horizontal leading screw 5321 is arranged on by horizontal bearing block 5323 and is transversely mounted on frame 511, described horizontal
Feed screw nut 5322 is arranged on rotary wheel base 521 tail end of described machining cell 520, and described cross lead screw 5321 is by horizontal servo electricity
Machine 531 is driven by transversal deceleration machine 533, and further, described transversal deceleration machine 533 is right angle reductor.
Described tail ejection device 600 includes tail top case, the tail apical axis positioned within tail top case, tail top retaining mechanism and oil cylinder,
Tail apical axis does lengthwise movement along tail top case under hydraulic oil cylinder driving, for pushing down workpiece with main shaft device 200 cooperation, described tail top
Retaining mechanism is used for fixing the position of tail apical axis.
Further, the vertical spinning machine of the present invention also includes control device, and described control device includes：Positioned at lathe bed
Control panel outside 100, the analysis module being connected with control panel by circuit, the detection module being connected with analysis module and holding
Row module, the feedback module being connected with horizontal, servo longitudinal motor.
Preferably, the present invention adopts totally enclosed outer protective cover, i.e. be provided with vertical spinning machine front and back end and be opened and closed up and down
Automatic door made of tempered glass, run with vertical spinning machine and there is interlock function, prevent accident during human users from occurring and cool down
Liquid splashes it is ensured that production safety and environmental health.
Further, described vertical spinning machine can manually feeding, discharge it is also possible to by around lathe bed 100 setting from
Dynamic loading and unloading system and upper and lower feed bin, carry out mechanical feeding, discharge, realize Unmanned operation, and all processes of aforesaid operations are permissible
It is automatically performed by vertical spinning machine by the program being arranged in control device.
Continue referring to Fig. 1 to Figure 10, the work process of the vertical spinning machine of the present invention is：
First, by mould installion on the interface platform on main shaft 210 top, workpiece is contained on mould；
Tail apical axis under the promotion of oil cylinder, downwardly against workpiece；
Need to start corresponding spindle motor 220 according to processing；By flexible drive 250 driven mold of main shaft tail end
On workpiece rotation.
In longitudinal direction：Three groups of longitudinal ball-screw-transmission pairs, under respective servo longitudinal motor in synchrony drives, promote balladeur train
Device 500 does and longitudinally moves down action, and near workpiece, three on carriage apparatus 500 group horizontal ball-screw-transmission pair 532 is respective
Horizontal servomotor 531 synchronous drive under, promote the laterally adjacent workpiece of spinning roller 523 on rotary wheel base 521, in control device
It is automatically performed the processing to workpiece under control.
After spinning terminates, spinning roller is return in situ, stops spindle motor, rises tail apical axis, starts workpiece ejection cylinder, by work
Part jack-up from mould, takes off workpiece, that is, complete the spinning of workpiece；
If being furnished with automatic loading and unloading system and upper and lower feed bin, achievable Unmanned operation, all processes of aforesaid operations
Can be automatically performed by digital control vertical three-wheel power spinning machine by the program setting.
Obviously, those skilled in the art can carry out the various changes and modification spirit without deviating from the present invention to invention
And scope.So, if these modifications of the present invention and modification belong to the claims in the present invention and its equivalent technologies scope it
Interior, then the present invention is also intended to including these changes and modification.