CN110181981A - A kind of engraving machine - Google Patents

A kind of engraving machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110181981A
CN110181981A CN201910345144.3A CN201910345144A CN110181981A CN 110181981 A CN110181981 A CN 110181981A CN 201910345144 A CN201910345144 A CN 201910345144A CN 110181981 A CN110181981 A CN 110181981A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
guide
engraving machine
fixed
guide post
plate
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Pending
Application number
CN201910345144.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴善旺
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吴善旺
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Application filed by 吴善旺 filed Critical 吴善旺
Priority to CN201910345144.3A priority Critical patent/CN110181981A/en
Publication of CN110181981A publication Critical patent/CN110181981A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR TOOLS FOR ARTISTIC WORK, e.g. FOR SCULPTURING, GUILLOCHING, CARVING, BRANDING, INLAYING
    • B44B1/00Artist's machines or apparatus equipped with tools or work holders moving or able to be controlled three-dimensionally for making single sculptures or models
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR TOOLS FOR ARTISTIC WORK, e.g. FOR SCULPTURING, GUILLOCHING, CARVING, BRANDING, INLAYING
    • B44B1/00Artist's machines or apparatus equipped with tools or work holders moving or able to be controlled three-dimensionally for making single sculptures or models
    • B44B1/06Accessories
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR TOOLS FOR ARTISTIC WORK, e.g. FOR SCULPTURING, GUILLOCHING, CARVING, BRANDING, INLAYING
    • B44B2700/00Machines, apparatus, tools or accessories for artistic work
    • B44B2700/12Accessories; Tool or work holders

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of engraving machines, belong to machining equipment technical field.It solves the problems, such as that the processing assembly of existing engraving machine is lower in larger shift motion stability inferior and machining accuracy.This engraving machine, including rack, horizontally disposed crossbeam on the rack and with the processing assembly of at least one cutter head, sliding is provided with guide sleeve in the horizontal direction on crossbeam, guide post is equipped in guide sleeve along the vertical direction, guide rail is fixed in guide post along its length, guide pad is fixed on guide sleeve, guide rail is slidably matched with guide pad, and the lower end of guide post is arranged in processing assembly.The processing assembly of this engraving machine is higher in larger shift motion stability inferior and machining accuracy.

Description

A kind of engraving machine
Technical field
The invention belongs to machining equipment technical fields, are related to a kind of engraving machine.
Background technique
Engraving is a kind of brill milling Combined machining from process principle, has wide range of applications, there is wood-worker engraving machine, laser Engraving machine, advertisement engraving machine, jade carving machine, stone-material carving machine, cylinder engraving machine etc., engraving machine application range is very extensive, Even instead of hand engraving technology, quickly produces and lay a good foundation for the high-volume of product.Engraving machine is carved to workpiece It needs cutter head to do the movement and swing of different directions when quarter, to realize the three-dimension process to workpiece, usually passes through crossbeam or work The mobile realization vertical adjustment of part, by the mobile realization lateral adjustments of cross slide, by the mobile reality for erecting planker or workpiece Existing height adjustment, due to can be obtained in cross slide moving process crossbeam against support, but perpendicular planker shift motion compared with The support that will cannot get crossbeam after big, causes processing assembly unstable, and machining accuracy is low, therefore the shift motion of perpendicular planker is usual It is smaller, and in order to be processed to higher-height workpiece comprehensively, those skilled in the art expect carrying out workpiece vertically movable Or it is vertically movable to crossbeam progress, so that the planker of connection processing assembly leans against crossbeam always, the support of crossbeam is obtained, with solution The problem that certainly the vertically movable stroke of processing assembly is small or machining accuracy is low.
Such as a kind of Chinese utility model patent application (application number: engraving machine, engraving machine disclosed in 201520770448.1) Machine tool frame include two groups of parallel support plates, crossbeam is installed, crossbeam is slided with two groups of support plates matches above two groups of support plates It closes, carving device is installed on crossbeam, carving device is slidably matched with crossbeam, and the liter of lifting car body is additionally provided with below carving device Falling unit, lifting device are made of fast lifting structure and fine tuning structure, car body in place after fast lifting structure by the car body Jack-up is in horizontality up to table top up to wheel hanging, fine tuning structure adjustment height of the carbody, that is, passes through lifting device and adjust The height and position of workpiece, to cooperate the processing of processing assembly.For another example Chinese utility model patent application (application number: 201720765693.2) engraving machine disclosed in, the first sliding rail are equipped with the first sliding block, are connected with lifting at the top of the first sliding block Bar, the side of elevating lever are equipped with the first driving motor, and the top of elevating lever is equipped with transverse slat, and it is sliding that the side of transverse slat is equipped with second Rail is connected with the second sliding block on the second sliding rail, and the side of the second sliding block is connected with installs case, and the side of installs case is equipped with second Driving motor, the other side of installs case are equipped with through-hole, and connecting rod is equipped in through-hole, and one end of connecting rod is equipped with fixed ring, Gu Determine that cutter head is installed in ring, i.e., by the vertically movable vertically movable stroke to increase cutter head of crossbeam, however not tube workpiece and Crossbeam, weight is all larger, more laborious above by the mode of vertically movable workpiece or vertically movable crossbeam, and counterweight Measuring big object and move also causes mobile accuracy low, and then influences machining accuracy.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is there is the above problem in view of the prior art, a kind of engraving machine is proposed, to solve now There is the problem that the processing assembly of engraving machine is lower in larger shift motion stability inferior and machining accuracy.
Object of the invention can be realized by the following technical scheme: a kind of engraving machine, including rack, is horizontally set on machine Crossbeam on frame and the processing assembly at least one cutter head, which is characterized in that sliding is set in the horizontal direction on the crossbeam It is equipped with guide sleeve, guide post is equipped in the guide sleeve along the vertical direction, is fixed with and leads along its length in the guide post Rail is fixed with guide pad on the guide sleeve, and the guide rail is slidably matched with guide pad, and the processing assembly is arranged in guide post Lower end.
Crossbeam moves in the horizontal direction, realizes the adjusting of processing assembly horizontal position, and guide post vertical shift realizes processing The adjusting of component height position, so that processing assembly carries out three-dimension process to workpiece, wherein processing assembly is located at guide post Lower end, and guide post has certain length, therefore processing assembly has a biggish stroke in the vertical direction, and processing group Part will receive biggish reaction force in process, and the application holds the structure setting of guide post tightly using guide sleeve thus, So that guide post on horizontal any direction by the positioning of guide sleeve so that processing assembly stroke is larger, distance is led Can still be maintained enough stabilizations and machining accuracy when to set farther out, at the same by guide rail and guide pad be slidably matched so that The movement of guide post is also more stable, and the precision of shift motion is also higher, to further increase machining accuracy.
In above-mentioned engraving machine, the crossbeam is slidably arranged in rack along longitudinal direction.It is real by the longitudinal movement of crossbeam The lengthwise position of existing cutter head is adjusted.
In above-mentioned engraving machine, the cross section of the guide sleeve and guide post is in rectangle, and the guide sleeve is at least It is slidably matched respectively by above-mentioned guide rail with guide pad between two medial surfaces and at least two lateral surfaces of guide post.Guide post Cooperated between guide sleeve by the guiding between multiple faces, so that guide post is adequately positioned, to guarantee stability, is led Guide sleeve can either be transmitted to the detent force of guide post to part, also the movement of guide post can be made more smooth, precision is higher.
In above-mentioned engraving machine, the guide sleeve includes cross slide, both side plate and end plate, and the cross slide is transversely slided Dynamic to be connected on crossbeam, two side plates are vertically fixed on cross slide, and the end plate is fixed on both side plate, and horizontal are dragged Plate, both side plate and end plate surround above-mentioned guide sleeve, and the guide post is in hollow structure.Using cross slide as the composition portion of guide sleeve Point, with simplified architecture and the weight of guide sleeve is reduced, similarly, guide post, which is made into hollow structure also, can reduce its weight, into And improve mobile accuracy and machining accuracy, naturally it is also possible to it is the sliding setting cross slide on crossbeam, and guide sleeve is using whole Guide sleeve is simultaneously fixed on cross slide by formula structure.
In above-mentioned engraving machine, above-mentioned guide pad is respectively and fixedly provided on the medial surface of two side plates, the guide post Above-mentioned guide rail is respectively and fixedly provided on the side of two sides, and the guide rail of guide post two sides is slidably connected with the guide pad on both side plate respectively. Cooperated by the guide pad and guide rail of two sides, so that guide post is horizontally positioned, to bear the transverse direction in process Stress guarantees stability and machining accuracy.
In above-mentioned engraving machine, above-mentioned guide pad, the front side of the guide post are fixed on the medial surface of the end plate Above-mentioned guide rail is fixed on face, and the guide pad on the guide rail and end plate on front side of guide post is slidably matched.Pass through the guiding of front side Block and guide rail cooperate, so that guide post is positioned in the longitudinal direction, to bear in process stress in the front-back direction, protect Demonstrate,prove stability and machining accuracy.
In above-mentioned engraving machine, several support plates are horizontally fixed on the leading flank of the cross slide, several supports Plate vertically arranges, the two sides of the support plate along the fixation that leans respectively with the medial surface of both side plate, two side plates There are several reinforcing ribs on lateral surface.In processing assembly process, guide sleeve will receive biggish reaction force, pass through branch Fagging on the inside of guide sleeve to being supported, by reinforcing rib to processing on the outside of wire sleeve, to improve the machine of guide sleeve Structure intensity, and then guarantee whole stability.
In above-mentioned engraving machine, the rack includes rectangular box-like chassis and is fixed on chassis by several columns Two supporting beams, the both ends of the crossbeam are slidably connected on two supporting beams respectively, the chassis be equipped with several pairs of chassis into Row supports and can adjust the regulating mechanism of chassis height.Supporting beam is fixed by upright supports, so that crossbeam is with biggish Highly, so that below the crossbeam has biggish space, for the three-dimensional translation of processing assembly, and can by regulating mechanism The whole height of rack is adjusted, and then is suitable for the workpiece of different height, by combining the biggish vertically movable stroke of guide post, Therefore applicability is more preferable.
In above-mentioned engraving machine, the regulating mechanism includes the support base of tubular, fixed on the support base inner peripheral surface There is swivel nut, screw rod is rotatably connected on the chassis, and screw rod is vertically arranged, the lower end of the screw rod is screwed onto swivel nut, institute It states rack and is equipped with the adjusting motor for being able to drive several screw rods synchronous rotations.Adjusting motor drives several screw rods to rotate synchronously, Under the support of support base, adjusting motor and screw rod is gone up and down together with rack, screw rod can be self-locking with swivel nut after adjusting in place, To be locked to the height of rack.
In above-mentioned engraving machine, four corners of the chassis are equipped with above-mentioned screw rod, the transverse direction two of the chassis Side is rotatably connected to drive rod, and drive rod is arranged along the longitudinal direction, and the both ends of the drive rod are respectively and fixedly provided with worm screw, described The upper end of screw rod is respectively and fixedly provided with worm gear, and the worm screw at drive rod both ends is meshed with the worm gear on the two screw rods of the same side respectively, and two The rear end of the drive rod is respectively and fixedly provided with belt wheel, and transmission belt is arranged on two belt wheels, it is described adjust motor motor shaft and its In a drive rod be connected.Adjusting motor drive, wherein a drive rod rotation, the drive rod are matched by transmission belt and belt wheel Crossed belt moves another drive rod and rotates synchronously, and two drive rods drive four screw rods to rotate synchronously by worm gear and worm screw cooperation, tool There is preferable synchronism, and then guarantees the stabilization of rack.
In above-mentioned engraving machine, four corners of the chassis are respectively and fixedly provided with mounting plate, the screw rod rotation connection On a mounting board, it is vertically fixed sliding sleeve on the mounting plate downside, the sliding sleeve is set on support base, and sliding sleeve and branch Support seat is slidably matched.Sliding sleeve is slidably matched with support base, so that guiding role is played, so that the connection between support base and rack It is more stable.
In above-mentioned engraving machine, the regulating mechanism includes several oil cylinders, which is vertically arranged, and if drier oil The piston rod of cylinder is fixedly connected with upward and with chassis bottom vertically.By the piston rod synchronization telescope of several oil cylinders, rack is realized Height adjustment.
In above-mentioned engraving machine, it is additionally provided between the guide sleeve and guide post and is able to drive guide post oscilaltion Vertical actuator, the vertical actuator include leading screw and nut mechanism, gear and rack teeth mechanism or cylinder.Vertical actuator drives Guide post lifting, to realize the adjusting of processing assembly height and position.
In above-mentioned engraving machine, the vertical actuator is leading screw and nut mechanism, and the leading screw and nut mechanism includes solid The vertical nut being scheduled on guide sleeve medial surface is vertically rotatably connected to vertical screw rod on the guide post trailing flank, described Vertical screw rod and vertical nut bolt, the top of the guide post are fixed with vertical motor, and vertical motor and vertical screw rod It is connected.Since guide post obtains the positioning of guide sleeve, high stability, therefore the vertical motor as power output source is direct It is fixed on the upper end of guide post, is gone up and down together with vertical screw rod with guide post, and then guarantees stability.
In above-mentioned engraving machine, the lower end of the guide post is rotatably connected to rotation seat, the center of rotation of the rotation seat Line is vertically arranged, and the processing assembly includes processing motor, which is rotatably connected on rotation seat, and processes motor Rotational axis line it is horizontally disposed, the cutter head be mounted on processing motor on.Cutter head level court is realized by rotation seat To adjusting, pass through processing motor itself rotation, realize cutter head vertical direction adjusting, to workpiece carry out three-dimension process.
In above-mentioned engraving machine, two supporting beams are arranged along the longitudinal direction, on two supporting beams along front and back To being fixed with longitudinal slide rail, in the longitudinal slide rail that the both ends of the crossbeam are slidably connected on two supporting beams respectively, the crossbeam On be transversely fixed with horizontal slide rail, the guide sleeve is slidably connected in horizontal slide rail.Cutter head is realized in the longitudinal movement of crossbeam Lengthwise position adjust, the transverse shifting of cross slide realizes that the lateral position of cutter head is adjusted, the vertically movable realization knife of guide post The height and position of head is adjusted, and in conjunction with the rotation of rotation seat and processing motor, and then realizes that five maintenance and operations of cutter head are dynamic.
Compared with prior art, this engraving machine has the advantage that
1, due to using guide sleeve hold tightly guide post structure setting so that guide post on horizontal any direction by Enough stabilizations can still be maintained so that processing assembly stroke is larger in the positioning of guide sleeve when apart from guide sleeve farther out And machining accuracy.
2, since guide sleeve is in such a way that the guide pad of different location combines, so that guide post obtains different directions Positioning, and then guarantee stability and precision when processing assembly processing.
3, it is supported and can be adjusted the regulating mechanism of chassis height due to being additionally provided with several pairs of chassis on chassis, pass through Regulating mechanism can adjust the whole height of rack, and then be suitable for the workpiece of different height, by combining guide post biggish Vertically movable stroke, therefore applicability is more preferable.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the schematic perspective view of engraving machine.
Fig. 2 is the structure top view of engraving machine.
Fig. 3 is the structure sectional view in Fig. 2 at A-A.
Fig. 4 is the schematic enlarged-scale view in Fig. 1 at B.
Fig. 5 is the schematic enlarged-scale view in Fig. 2 at C.
Fig. 6 is the schematic enlarged-scale view in Fig. 3 at D.
Fig. 7 is the partial structure sectional view in Fig. 2 at E-E.
Fig. 8 is the schematic enlarged-scale view in Fig. 1 at F.
Fig. 9 is the partial structure sectional view in Fig. 2 at G-G.
Figure 10 is the schematic perspective view of engraving machine in embodiment two.
In figure, 1, rack;11, chassis;111, mounting plate;12, column;13, supporting beam;131, longitudinal slide rail;2, crossbeam; 21, horizontal slide rail;22, support;221, longitudinal sliding block;3, guide sleeve;31, cross slide;311, vertical nut;312, laterally sliding Block;32, side plate;33, end plate;34, support plate;35, reinforcing rib;36, guide pad;4, guide post;41, guide rail;42, vertical silk Bar;43, vertical motor;44, rotation seat;45, it is horizontally diverted motor;46, vertical steering motor;5, processing assembly;51, processing electricity Machine;52, cutter head;6, regulating mechanism;61, support base;62, swivel nut;63, screw rod;631, worm gear;64, drive rod;641, worm screw; 642, belt wheel;643, transmission belt;65, motor is adjusted;66, sliding sleeve;67, oil cylinder.
Specific embodiment
Following is a specific embodiment of the present invention in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, technical scheme of the present invention will be further described, However, the present invention is not limited to these examples.
Embodiment one:
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of engraving machine, including rack 1, crossbeam 2, guide sleeve 3, guide post 4 and processing assembly 5, rack 1 Including chassis 11 and two supporting beams 13,11 rectangular frame-shaped of chassis is vertically fixed several columns 12, two supports on chassis 11 Beam 13 is fixed on the top of column 12, so that two supporting beams 13 are horizontally disposed with along longitudinal direction, and two supporting beams, 13 height is consistent, and two The space having between beam 13 for placing workpiece is supportted, in conjunction with shown in Fig. 2, Fig. 3, along vertical on the upper side of two supporting beams 13 To a pair of of longitudinal slide rail 131 is fixed with, the both ends of crossbeam 2 all have support 22 directed downwardly, are respectively and fixedly provided in the bottom of support 22 Longitudinal sliding block 221, and two supports 22 are slidably connected in the longitudinal slide rail 131 of two supporting beams 13 by longitudinal sliding block 221 respectively. Crossbeam 2 is transversely horizontally disposed with, and a pair of of horizontal slide rail 21 is transversely fixed on the leading flank of crossbeam 2, is fixed on guide sleeve 3 There is transverse slider 312, transverse slider 312 is slidably connected in horizontal slide rail 21, and the center line of guide sleeve 3 is vertically arranged, and is led It is vertically threaded through in guide sleeve 3 to column 4, and guide post 4 is slidably matched with guide sleeve 3, is rotatablely connected in the lower end of guide post 4 There is rotation seat 44, and the rotational axis line of rotation seat 44 is vertically arranged, processing assembly 5 includes processing motor 51 and cutter head 52, Processing motor 51 is rotatably connected on rotation seat 44, and the rotational axis line for processing motor 51 is horizontally disposed, cutter head 52 It is mounted on processing motor 51, crossbeam 2 and guide sleeve 3 cooperate driving by respective motor and feed screw nut, are being oriented to It being fixed with inside the lower end of column 4 and is horizontally diverted motor 45, this is horizontally diverted motor 45 and drives rotation seat 44 to rotate by speed reducer, Vertical steering motor 46 is fixed on rotation seat 44, which passes through the modes such as pulley drive, gear drive Processing motor 51 is driven to swing.
Specifically, in conjunction with shown in Fig. 4, Fig. 5, the cross section of guide sleeve 3 is in rectangle, including cross slide 31, both side plate 32 With end plate 33, transverse slider 312 is fixed on the trailing flank of cross slide 31, and both side plate 32 is vertically fixed on the front side of cross slide 31 On face, and end plate 33 is fixed on the front side edge edge of both side plate 32, i.e. 31, two blocks of side plates 32 of cross slide and end surrounds guide sleeve 3, and three pieces of support plates 34 are horizontally fixed on the leading flank of cross slide 31, which vertically arranges.Support plate 34 two sides are along the fixation that leans respectively with the medial surface of both side plate 32, to be supported to both side plate 32, in both side plate Also there are the more reinforcing ribs 35 vertically arranged, and the length direction of reinforcing rib 35 is set along the longitudinal direction on 32 lateral surface It sets.In conjunction with shown in Fig. 6, Fig. 7, guide post 4 is in hollow structure, and guide rail 41 is respectively and fixedly provided on the side of 4 both lateral sides of guide post, Guide rail 41 is arranged along the vertical direction, and the both ends of guide rail 41 extend respectively to the both ends of guide post 4, in the medial surface of both side plate 32 On be respectively and fixedly provided with three guide pads 36, and three guide pads 36 on same side plate 32 vertically arrange, and 4 two sides of guide post are led Rail 41 is slidably matched with the guide pad 36 on both side plate 32 respectively, and two guide rails 41 are fixed on the leading flank of guide post 4, should Two guide rails 41 are arranged along the vertical direction, and the both ends of guide rail 41 extend respectively to the both ends of guide post 4, in the inside of end plate 33 Two guide pads 36 are fixed on face, two guide rails 41 on 4 leading flank of guide post are sliding with two guide pads 36 on end plate 33 respectively Dynamic cooperation.Leading screw and nut mechanism is additionally provided between guide sleeve 3 and guide post 4, leading screw and nut mechanism includes being fixed on guide sleeve 3 Vertical nut 311 on medial surface, is vertically rotatably connected to vertical screw rod 42 on 4 trailing flank of guide post, vertical screw rod 42 with 311 bolt of vertical nut, the top of guide post 4 is fixed with vertical motor 43, and vertical motor 43 is connected with vertical screw rod 42 It connects.
In conjunction with shown in Fig. 8, Fig. 9, four corners of chassis 11 are equipped with the regulating mechanism that can adjust 11 height of chassis 6, specifically, regulating mechanism 6 includes the support base 61 of tubular, four corners of chassis 11 are horizontally fixed with mounting plate 111, Sliding sleeve 66 is vertically fixed on the downside of mounting plate 111, sliding sleeve 66 is set on support base 61, and sliding sleeve 66 and support base 61 It is slidably matched, is fixed with swivel nut 62 on 61 inner peripheral surface of support base, screw rod 63, and screw rod 63 are rotatably connected on mounting plate 111 Be vertically arranged, 63 lower end of screw rod protrude into support base 61 and with 62 bolt of swivel nut, the upper end of screw rod 63 is respectively and fixedly provided with worm gear 631, The both lateral sides of chassis 11 are rotatably connected to drive rod 64, and drive rod 64 is arranged along the longitudinal direction, the both ends of drive rod 64 It is respectively and fixedly provided with worm screw 641, and the worm screw 641 at 64 both ends of drive rod is meshed with the worm gear 631 on the same side two screw rods 63 respectively, The rear end of two drive rods 64 is respectively and fixedly provided with belt wheel 642, and is arranged with transmission belt 643 on two belt wheels 642, in one piece of mounting plate 111 On be fixed with adjust motor 65, and adjust motor 65 motor shaft be connected with a wherein drive rod 64.
Embodiment two:
The structure of the engraving machine is basically the same as the first embodiment, and difference is as shown in Figure 10, and regulating mechanism 6 includes four A oil cylinder 67, four oil cylinders 67 are vertically arranged, and four oil cylinders 67 are located at four corners of chassis 11, and oil cylinder 67 Piston rod direction is simultaneously fixedly connected with mounting plate 111.
Embodiment three:
The structure of the engraving machine is basically the same as the first embodiment, the difference lies in that rack 1 includes two root posts, two vertical Column is arranged in the horizontal direction, and the both ends of crossbeam 2 are separately fixed at the top of two root posts, and pedestal, the bottom are equipped between two root posts Seat is located at the lower section of crossbeam 2, is fixed with longitudinal slide rail 131 along longitudinal direction on pedestal, processing is slidably connected in longitudinal slide rail 131 Platform, processing platform is horizontally disposed, and for positioning workpiece, processing platform is driven by feed screw nut's assembly or rack and pinion assembly It is dynamic, drive workpiece to move longitudinally by processing platform, the transverse shifting and guide post 4 in combination with guide sleeve 3 it is vertical It is mobile, realize the 3 D stereo translation of 52 opposite piece of cutter head, certain longitudinal slide rail 131 can have it is multipair so that processing platform Have multiple and is arranged in the horizontal direction.
Specific embodiment described herein is only an example for the spirit of the invention.The neck of technology belonging to the present invention The technical staff in domain can make various modifications or additions to the described embodiments or replace by a similar method In generation, however, it does not deviate from the spirit of the invention or beyond the scope of the appended claims.
Although the terms such as rack 1, chassis 11, mounting plate 111 are used more herein, it is not precluded and uses other arts A possibility that language.The use of these items is only for be more convenient to describe and explain essence of the invention;It is construed as Any additional limitation is disagreed with spirit of that invention.

Claims (16)

1. a kind of engraving machine including rack (1), the crossbeam (2) being horizontally set on rack (1) and has at least one cutter head (52) processing assembly (5), which is characterized in that sliding is provided with guide sleeve (3) in the horizontal direction on the crossbeam (2), described It is equipped with along the vertical direction guide post (4) in guide sleeve (3), is fixed with guide rail (41) along its length on the guide post (4), It is fixed with guide pad (36) on the guide sleeve (3), the guide rail (41) is slidably matched with guide pad (36), the processing assembly (5) it is arranged in the lower end of guide post (4).
2. engraving machine according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the crossbeam (2) is slidably arranged in rack (1) along longitudinal direction On.
3. engraving machine according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the cross section of the guide sleeve (3) and guide post (4) is equal In rectangle, respectively by upper between at least two medial surfaces of the guide sleeve (3) and at least two lateral surfaces of guide post (4) Guide rail (41) is stated to be slidably matched with guide pad (36).
4. engraving machine according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the guide sleeve (3) includes cross slide (31), both side plate (32) and end plate (33), the cross slide (31), which slides along the transverse direction, to be connected on crossbeam (2), and two side plates (32) are vertical solid It is scheduled on cross slide (31), the end plate (33) is fixed on both side plate (32), and cross slide (31), both side plate (32) and end plate (33) it surrounds above-mentioned guide sleeve (3), the guide post (4) is in hollow structure.
5. engraving machine according to claim 4, which is characterized in that be respectively and fixedly provided on the medial surface of two side plates (32) It states guide pad (36), is respectively and fixedly provided with above-mentioned guide rail (41) on the two sides side of the guide post (4), and guide post (4) two sides Guide rail (41) is slidably connected with the guide pad (36) on both side plate (32) respectively.
6. engraving machine according to claim 5, which is characterized in that be fixed with above-mentioned lead on the medial surface of the end plate (33) It to block (36), is fixed with above-mentioned guide rail (41) on the leading flank of the guide post (4), and the guide rail (41) on front side of guide post (4) It is slidably matched with the guide pad (36) on end plate (33).
7. according to engraving machine described in claim 4 or 5 or 6, which is characterized in that horizontal on the leading flank of the cross slide (31) Several support plates (34) are fixed with, which vertically arranges, and the two sides of the support plate (34) are along respectively It leans fixation with the medial surface of both side plate (32), there are several reinforcing ribs (35) on the lateral surface of two side plates (32).
8. engraving machine as claimed in any of claims 1 to 6, which is characterized in that the rack (1) includes rectangle frame The chassis (11) of shape and two supporting beams (13) on chassis (11) are fixed on by several columns (12), the two of the crossbeam (2) End is slidably connected at respectively on two supporting beams (13), and the chassis (11) is supported equipped with several pairs of chassis (11) and can Adjust the regulating mechanism (6) of chassis (11) height.
9. engraving machine according to claim 8, which is characterized in that the regulating mechanism (6) includes the support base of tubular (61), it is fixed with swivel nut (62) on support base (61) inner peripheral surface, is rotatably connected to screw rod (63) on the chassis (11), and Screw rod (63) is vertically arranged, and the lower end of the screw rod (63) is screwed onto swivel nut (62), and the rack (1) is equipped with and is able to drive The adjusting motor (65) that several screw rods (63) rotate synchronously.
10. engraving machine according to claim 9, which is characterized in that four corners of the chassis (11) are equipped with It states screw rod (63), the both lateral sides of the chassis (11) are rotatably connected to drive rod (64), and drive rod (64) is along front and back To setting, the both ends of the drive rod (64) are respectively and fixedly provided with worm screw (641), and the upper end of the screw rod (63) is respectively and fixedly provided with worm gear (631), and the worm screw (641) at drive rod (64) both ends is meshed with the worm gear (631) on the same side two screw rods (63) respectively, and two The rear end of the drive rod (64) is respectively and fixedly provided with belt wheel (642), and transmission belt (643), the tune are arranged on two belt wheels (642) The motor shaft of section motor (65) is connected with a wherein drive rod (64).
11. engraving machine according to claim 9, which is characterized in that four corners of the chassis (11) are respectively and fixedly provided with Mounting plate (111), the screw rod (63) are rotatably connected on mounting plate (111), solid vertically on mounting plate (111) downside Surely have sliding sleeve (66), the sliding sleeve (66) is set on support base (61), and sliding sleeve (66) is slidably matched with support base (61).
12. engraving machine according to claim 8, which is characterized in that the regulating mechanism (6) includes several oil cylinders (67), Several oil cylinders (67) are vertically arranged, and the piston rod of several oil cylinders (67) is fixedly connected with upward and with chassis (11) bottom vertically.
13. engraving machine as claimed in any of claims 1 to 6, which is characterized in that the guide sleeve (3) and guiding The vertical actuator for being able to drive guide post (4) oscilaltion is additionally provided between column (4), the vertical actuator includes screw rod spiral shell Parent agency, gear and rack teeth mechanism or cylinder.
14. engraving machine according to claim 13, which is characterized in that the vertical actuator is leading screw and nut mechanism, institute Stating leading screw and nut mechanism includes the vertical nut (311) being fixed on guide sleeve (3) medial surface, guide post (4) trailing flank On be vertically rotatably connected to vertical screw rod (42), the vertical screw rod (42) and vertical nut (311) bolt, the guiding The top of column (4) is fixed with vertical motor (43), and vertical motor (43) is connected with vertical screw rod (42).
15. engraving machine as claimed in any of claims 1 to 6, which is characterized in that the lower end of the guide post (4) Rotation seat (44) are rotatably connected to, the rotational axis line of the rotation seat (44) is vertically arranged, and the processing assembly (5) includes adding Work motor (51), the processing motor (51) are rotatably connected on rotation seat (44), and process the rotational axis line edge of motor (51) Horizontally arranged, the cutter head (52) is mounted in processing motor (51).
16. engraving machine according to claim 8, which is characterized in that two supporting beams (13) are arranged along the longitudinal direction, It is fixed with along the longitudinal direction on two supporting beams (13) longitudinal slide rail (131), the both ends of the crossbeam (2) are slidably connected respectively In the longitudinal slide rail (131) on two supporting beams (13), transversely it is fixed with horizontal slide rail (21) on the crossbeam (2), it is described Guide sleeve (3) is slidably connected on horizontal slide rail (21).
CN201910345144.3A 2019-04-26 2019-04-26 A kind of engraving machine Pending CN110181981A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110573002A (en) * 2019-10-09 2019-12-13 深圳凯扬自动化设备有限公司 Eight chip mounter suitable for multiple substrate diaphragm

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110573002A (en) * 2019-10-09 2019-12-13 深圳凯扬自动化设备有限公司 Eight chip mounter suitable for multiple substrate diaphragm
CN110573002B (en) * 2019-10-09 2021-01-15 深圳凯扬自动化设备有限公司 Eight chip mounter suitable for multiple substrate diaphragm

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