CN104439799A - Solar cell bus bar welding production line - Google Patents

Solar cell bus bar welding production line Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104439799A
CN104439799A CN201410852416.6A CN201410852416A CN104439799A CN 104439799 A CN104439799 A CN 104439799A CN 201410852416 A CN201410852416 A CN 201410852416A CN 104439799 A CN104439799 A CN 104439799A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
solar cell
busbar
cell string
vacuum cup
welding
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CN201410852416.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104439799B (en
Inventor
邱文良
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苏州格林电子设备有限公司
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Priority to CN201410852416.6A priority Critical patent/CN104439799B/en
Publication of CN104439799A publication Critical patent/CN104439799A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K37/00Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K37/00Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups
    • B23K37/02Carriages for supporting the welding or cutting element
    • B23K37/0211Carriages for supporting the welding or cutting element travelling on a guide member, e.g. rail, track
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L31/00Semiconductor devices sensitive to infra-red radiation, light, electromagnetic radiation of shorter wavelength or corpuscular radiation and specially adapted either for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof
    • H01L31/18Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment of these devices or of parts thereof
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/50Manufacturing or production processes characterised by the final manufactured product

Abstract

A solar cell bus bar welding production line comprises a plate arranging machine and a solar cell bus bar welding machine. The plate arranging machine comprises an installing platform, a horizontal solar cell string supplying conveying belt, a solar cell string grabbing mechanism and a solar cell string set feeding and discharging mechanism. The solar cell bus bar welding machine comprises a solar cell string set feeding mechanism, a weld gun and two bus bar supplying devices. The solar cell string set feeding and discharging mechanism corresponds to the solar cell string set feeding mechanism of the solar cell bus bar welding machine. The solar cell bus bar welding production line has the advantages that welding is standard and stable, and therefore the production efficiency can be greatly improved, and the problem of pseudo welding in manual operation can be avoided.

Description

A kind of solar cell busbar welding production line
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of solar cell busbar welding production line, belong to photovoltaic equipment technical field.
Background technology
Since 21 century, global Energy Consumption sharply rises, and traditional fossil energy is day by day exhausted, and energy problem and environmental problem become two large Important Problems of global concern gradually.Under the pressure of the pressure of sustainable development, solar photovoltaic industry is listed in the emphasis that regenerative resource develops by each major country one after another.Become the second in the world economy along with China, in October, 2013, China's petroleum import in October amount reaches every day 6,300,000 barrels, exceedes the every day 6,240,000 barrels of the U.S., and replacing the U.S. first becomes global maximum net import of oil state.2013, the external dependence degree of CNPC and natural gas reached 58.1% and 31.6% respectively, and China has become global the third-largest natural gas consumption state.Traditional fossil energy is more and more difficult to the thriving demand meeting Chinese national economy.In in the past 20 years, the artificial CO2 emissions in the whole world nearly about 75% derive from combustion of fossil fuel.Therefore, be no matter the energy development angle from low-carbon environment-friendly, still comply with Industry Structure upgrading and transition pressure, China must accelerate development New Energy Industry.
Solar energy belongs to clean reproducible energy.According to " European renewable energy technologies strategic plan " that EU Committee proposes, to the year two thousand twenty, solar energy will account for 15% of European Union's electricity needs.2010, USDOE developed planning, and planned the year two thousand thirty, and solar energy accounts for 10% ~ 15% of total energy consumption figure.Take temperature from worldwide solar energy and the generating of tide energy aggregate net, China is 3,000,000,000 kilowatt hours, and Germany is 19,000,000,000 dry watt-hours, and Italy is 10,700,000,000 dry watt-hours, and Spain is 9,100,000,000 kilowatt hours, and Japan is 3,800,000,000 kilowatt hours.Following China water power growth space is limited, and nuclear energy exists unsafe factor.Fossil energy will rise by energy-saving and emission-reduction committed cost, the wide market of solar energy power generating.
In order to obtain required electric current, voltage and power output, in current photovoltaic industry, need the practical application product that can become power supply output after being connected by solar battery sheet after the technique such as stacked, lamination, encapsulation formation solar module.In crystal silicon solar battery component manufacture process, first with interconnector, solar battery sheet must be welded into solar cell string, then by multiple solar cell string marshalling, next welded by the interconnector that busbar and the end of multiple solar cell string are stretched out, electric current can be collected in terminal box outwardly to provide electric power by busbar.
, there is rosin joint, production efficiency be low, the problems such as quality stability difference in the current general mode adopting manual welding of busbar welding.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to provide a kind of solar cell busbar welding production line.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution used in the present invention is: a kind of solar cell busbar welding production line, comprises arrange anode machine and solar cell busbar bonding machine;
Described arrange anode machine comprises erecting bed, horizontally disposed solar cell statements based on collusion material conveyer belt, solar cell string grasping mechanism and solar cell string group charging and discharging mechanism, and described solar cell statements based on collusion material conveyer belt is located at the top of the side of described erecting bed; Described solar cell string grasping mechanism comprises solar cell string grasping mechanism body, horizontally disposed solar cell string grasping mechanism guide rail, solar cell string captures vacuum cup group installing plate and solar cell string captures vacuum cup group; The bearing of trend of described solar cell string grasping mechanism guide rail is acted in collusion to make each other's confessions with described solar cell and is expected that the bearing of trend of conveyer belt becomes angle to arrange, described solar cell string grasping mechanism body slides on described solar cell string grasping mechanism guide rail, and the effect of described solar cell string grasping mechanism body has solar cell string grasping mechanism body to move horizontally drives structure; Described solar cell string captures vacuum cup group installing plate and is vertically slidably supported on described solar cell string grasping mechanism body, on it, effect has solar cell string crawl vacuum cup group installing plate to move up and down driving mechanism, and described solar cell string captures on vacuum cup group installing plate and captures vacuum cup group to having at least one group of solar cell string; Described solar cell string group charging and discharging mechanism is located on described erecting bed table top, described solar cell string group charging and discharging mechanism is positioned at the below of described solar cell statements based on collusion material conveyer belt, and the throughput direction of described solar cell string group charging and discharging mechanism and solar cell are acted in collusion to make each other's confessions and expected that the throughput direction of conveyer belt is at a right angle;
Described solar cell busbar bonding machine comprises solar cell string group feed mechanism, welding gun and two groups of busbar feeding machanisms; Described two groups of busbar feeding machanism intervals are arranged, and described busbar feeding machanism comprises one for holding the supply disk of busbar, and this supply disk effect has the vertical moving drive mechanism of supply disk; The top of described supply disk is provided with the material fetching mechanism transversely slided, this material fetching mechanism comprises vacuum cup travelling carriage, vacuum cup installing plate and vacuum cup installing plate and moves up and down driving cylinder, the cylinder body that described vacuum cup installing plate moves up and down driving cylinder is fixed on described vacuum cup travelling carriage, the piston rod that described vacuum cup installing plate moves up and down driving cylinder is fixedly connected with described vacuum cup installing plate, and described vacuum cup installing plate is provided with multiple vacuum cup towards described supply disk; Described supply disk side is provided with hold-down mechanism, this hold-down mechanism comprises welding bench installing rack, welding bench and busbar pressing plate, described welding bench is corresponding with busbar pressing plate to be arranged, and busbar pressing plate is positioned at the top of welding bench, described welding bench is fixed on described welding bench installing rack, and described busbar pressing plate slides relative to described welding bench installing rack and arranges; Described solar cell string group feed mechanism is located at the side of described two groups of busbar feeding machanism lines; Described welding gun laterally slides on the top of described welding bench, and the moving direction of welding gun is identical with the direction that described busbar extends;
The solar cell string group charging and discharging mechanism of described arrange anode machine is corresponding with the solar cell string group feed mechanism of described solar cell busbar bonding machine to be arranged.
Preferred technical scheme is: described busbar feeding machanism also comprises a feeding device base plate, this feeding device base plate sets firmly a vertical material fetching mechanism support, the upper end of this material fetching mechanism support is provided with horizontal material fetching mechanism moving guide rail, and described material fetching mechanism slides and is located on described material fetching mechanism moving guide rail.
Preferred technical scheme is: described feeding device base plate is provided with horizontal welding bench installing rack moving guide rail, and described welding bench installing rack slides and is located on described welding bench installing rack moving guide rail.
Preferred technical scheme is: described solar cell string group charging and discharging mechanism is Timing Belt.
Preferred technical scheme is: described solar cell string group feed mechanism is Timing Belt.
Preferred technical scheme is: described busbar pressing plate is fixed on a busbar pressing plate mount pad, the piston rod of this busbar pressing plate mount pad and a busbar pressing plate mount pad transverse shifting driving cylinder is fixed, and the cylinder body of described busbar pressing plate mount pad transverse shifting driving cylinder is fixed on described welding bench installing rack.
Because technique scheme is used, the present invention compared with prior art has following advantages and effect:
The typesetting of solar cell string is obtained solar cell string group by arrange anode machine of the present invention continuously, solar cell busbar bonding machine carries out busbar welding operation to the solar cell string group that arrange anode machine ships, there is welding standard, stable advantage, can enhance productivity significantly thus, manual operation problem can also be avoided, the problem includes: the problem of rosin joint.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Accompanying drawing 1 is busbar schematic diagram.
Accompanying drawing 2 is busbar feeding machanism schematic diagram.
Accompanying drawing 3 is busbar feeding machanism schematic side view.
Accompanying drawing 4 is busbar feeding machanism schematic top plan view.
Accompanying drawing 5 is busbar feeding machanism schematic perspective view.
Accompanying drawing 6 is solar cell busbar bonding machine schematic diagram.
Accompanying drawing 7 is solar cell busbar bonding machine schematic side view.
Accompanying drawing 8 is solar cell busbar bonding machine schematic top plan view.
Accompanying drawing 9 is solar cell busbar bonding machine schematic perspective view.
Accompanying drawing 10 is welding gun schematic diagram.
Accompanying drawing 11 is arrange anode machine schematic diagram.
Accompanying drawing 12 is arrange anode machine schematic side view.
Accompanying drawing 13 is arrange anode machine schematic top plan view.
Accompanying drawing 14 is arrange anode machine schematic perspective view.
In above accompanying drawing, 1, supply disk; 2, vacuum cup travelling carriage; 3, vacuum cup installing plate; 4, vacuum cup; 5, busbar pressing plate; 6, busbar pressing plate mount pad; 7, busbar pressing plate mount pad transverse shifting driving cylinder; 8, feeding device base plate; 9, material fetching mechanism support; 10, material fetching mechanism moving guide rail; 11, the vertical moving drive mechanism of supply disk; 12, busbar; 13, stacked busbar; 14, Timing Belt; 15, welding gun; 16, welding gun moving guide rail; 17, busbar feeding machanism; 18, solar cell string group; 19, welder base; 20, welding bench; 21, welding bench installing rack; 22, vacuum cup installing plate moves up and down driving cylinder; 23, welding bench installing rack moving guide rail; 24, welding bench installing rack transverse shifting driving cylinder; 31, erecting bed; 32, solar cell statements based on collusion material conveyer belt; 33, solar cell string grasping mechanism body; 34, solar cell string grasping mechanism guide rail; 35, solar cell string captures vacuum cup group installing plate; 36, solar cell string captures vacuum cup group; 37, Timing Belt.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the invention will be further described:
Notice, structure, ratio, size etc. that this description institute accompanying drawings illustrates, content all only in order to coordinate description to disclose, understand for person skilled in the art scholar and read, and be not used to limit the enforceable qualifications of the present invention, therefore the not technical essential meaning of tool, the adjustment of the modification of any structure, the change of proportionate relationship or size, do not affecting under effect that the present invention can produce and the object that can reach, still all should drop on disclosed technology contents and obtain in the scope that can contain.Simultaneously, quote in this description as " on ", D score, "left", "right", " centre " and " one " etc. term, also only for ease of understanding of describing, and be not used to limit the enforceable scope of the present invention, the change of its relativeness or adjustment, under changing technology contents without essence, when being also considered as the enforceable category of the present invention.
Embodiment: a kind of solar cell busbar welding production line
Solar photovoltaic assembly makes and comprises the following steps: 1, prepares the armorplate glass of a cleaning, then places a solar cell encapsulation materials EVA sheet (Ethylene Vinyl Acetate, the copolymer of ethene and ethyl acetate) on a glass.2, on EVA sheet, place the arrangement template being used for precise alignment solar cell string.3, solar cell string is placed according to template.4, weld busbar solar cell string is contacted.Solar cell string group and the glass plate, EVA sheet etc. that are used for protecting solar cell string group is comprised because of what carry on solar cell string group feed mechanism of the present invention.And namely solar cell string group is by the structure of multiple solar cell string proper alignment, the general structure of the solar module of such as 72 is: 6 × 12, each solar cell string comprises 12 solar battery sheets, and totally 6 solar cell strings form the solar cell string group of the present embodiment.
Shown in accompanying drawing 1 ~ accompanying drawing 14, a kind of solar cell busbar welding production line, comprises arrange anode machine and solar cell busbar bonding machine.
Arrange anode machine comprises erecting bed 31, horizontally disposed solar cell statements based on collusion material conveyer belt 32, solar cell string grasping mechanism and solar cell string group charging and discharging mechanism, and described solar cell statements based on collusion material conveyer belt 32 is located at the top of the side of described erecting bed 31; Described solar cell string grasping mechanism comprises solar cell string grasping mechanism body 33, horizontally disposed solar cell string grasping mechanism guide rail 34, solar cell string captures vacuum cup group installing plate 35 and solar cell string captures vacuum cup group 36, and solar cell string captures vacuum cup group 36 and is made up of multiple vacuum cup.
The bearing of trend of described solar cell string grasping mechanism guide rail 34 and described solar cell are acted in collusion to make each other's confessions and are expected the setting at a right angle of the bearing of trend of conveyer belt 32, and described solar cell string grasping mechanism body 33 slides on described solar cell string grasping mechanism guide rail 34.Such solar cell string 18 solar cell statements based on collusion material conveyer belt 32 on transfer direction and the moving direction of solar cell string grasping mechanism body 33 on described solar cell string grasping mechanism guide rail 34 at a right angle.
Described solar cell string grasping mechanism body 33 effect has solar cell string grasping mechanism body to move horizontally drives structure, in the present embodiment, it is pinion and rack that solar cell string grasping mechanism body moves horizontally drives structure, namely on solar cell string grasping mechanism guide rail 34, arrange a tooth bar, the bearing of trend of this tooth bar is consistent with the bearing of trend of solar cell string grasping mechanism guide rail 34.Solar cell string grasping mechanism body 33 is provided with gear, wheel and rack engages, gear is connected with a drive motor, like this when pinion rotation, solar cell string grasping mechanism body 33 can be driven to move along solar cell string grasping mechanism guide rail 34.
Described solar cell string captures vacuum cup group installing plate 35 and is horizontally disposed with, it is vertically slidably supported on described solar cell string grasping mechanism body 33, on it, effect has solar cell string crawl vacuum cup group installing plate to move up and down driving mechanism, in the present embodiment, it is a driving cylinder that this solar cell string crawl vacuum cup group installing plate moves up and down driving mechanism, the cylinder body of driving cylinder is fixed on solar cell string grasping mechanism body 33, it is affixed that the piston rod of driving cylinder and solar cell string capture vacuum cup group installing plate 35, stretching out or retracting like this along with piston rod, solar cell string captures vacuum cup group installing plate 35 and moves up and down.Driving cylinder can be cylinder or hydraulic jack.
Described solar cell string captures on vacuum cup group installing plate 35 and captures vacuum cup group 36 to having two groups of solar cell strings, and often organize solar cell string crawl vacuum cup group 36 and be made up of 24 vacuum cups, vacuum cup is equipped with vacuum extractor.Every two vacuum cups correspondence captures a cell piece, solar cell string 18 the fixing by equilibrium that such 12 solar battery sheets are formed.
Described solar cell string group charging and discharging mechanism and Timing Belt 37 are located on described erecting bed 31 table top.Timing Belt 37 is positioned at the below of described solar cell statements based on collusion material conveyer belt 32, and the throughput direction of Timing Belt 37 and solar cell are acted in collusion to make each other's confessions and expected that the throughput direction of conveyer belt 32 is at a right angle.
Solar cell busbar bonding machine comprises solar cell string group feed mechanism, welding gun 15 and two groups of busbar feeding machanisms 17.What accompanying drawing 9 was shown is two solar cell busbar bonding machine parallel constructions.
Parallel and the interval of described two groups of busbar feeding machanisms 17 is arranged, and the one end namely often organizing the corresponding solar cell string group of busbar feeding machanism 17 provides busbar 12.
Busbar feeding machanism 17 comprises one for holding the supply disk 1 of busbar, the concrete structure of the supply disk 1 in this example: the busbar loading plate comprising a horizontal positioned, this busbar loading plate is equipped with the vertical limited post that many are used for clamping stacked busbar 13, and be not fixedly connected with between limited post with busbar loading plate, busbar loading plate can move up and down along limited post, and the effect of busbar loading plate has the vertical moving drive mechanism 11 of supply disk, the present embodiment can select servomotor (also can stepper motor), namely busbar loading plate is connected with the Power output portion of servomotor, like this when often taking out a busbar 12, the vertical moving drive mechanism of supply disk 11 drives busbar loading plate to move up certain distance as power source.In other embodiments, supply disk 1 is overall structure, and the vertical moving drive mechanism 11 of supply disk selects cylinder, and cylinder makes supply disk 1 entirety move up.
The top of described supply disk 1 is provided with the material fetching mechanism transversely slided, and captures from supply disk 1 by busbar 12, then moves to the mechanism of interconnector end position.Material fetching mechanism comprises vacuum cup travelling carriage 2, vacuum cup installing plate 3 and vacuum cup installing plate and moves up and down driving cylinder 22.
Feeding device base plate 8 sets firmly a vertical material fetching mechanism support 9, the upper end of this material fetching mechanism support 9 is provided with horizontal material fetching mechanism moving guide rail 10, and material fetching mechanism support 9 and material fetching mechanism moving guide rail 10 can at a right anglely be arranged.Described material fetching mechanism slides and is located on described material fetching mechanism moving guide rail 10, the present embodiment concrete structure is vacuum cup travelling carriage 2 and is located on material fetching mechanism moving guide rail 10 with the slip of other auxiliary device, laterally slide to make vacuum cup travelling carriage 2, arrange cylinder, this air cylinder driven vacuum cup travelling carriage 2 is along material fetching mechanism moving guide rail 10 transverse shifting.
The cylinder body that vacuum cup travelling carriage 2 moves up and down driving cylinder 22 with vacuum cup installing plate is fixedly connected with, the piston rod that vacuum cup installing plate moves up and down driving cylinder 22 stretches out downwards and is fixedly connected with vacuum cup installing plate 3, vacuum cup installing plate 3 is provided with four vacuum cups 4 towards described supply disk 1, and vacuum cup 4 is used for performing the action capturing busbar 12.Vacuum cup 4 is equipped with vacuum extractor.
The side of supply disk 1 is provided with hold-down mechanism, this hold-down mechanism comprises welding bench installing rack 21, welding bench 20 and busbar pressing plate 5, described welding bench 20 is corresponding with busbar pressing plate 5 to be arranged, and busbar pressing plate 5 is positioned at the top of welding bench 20, described welding bench 20 is fixed on described welding bench installing rack 21.Described busbar pressing plate 5 slides relative to described welding bench installing rack 21 and arranges, namely described busbar pressing plate 5 is fixed on a busbar pressing plate mount pad 6, the piston rod of this busbar pressing plate mount pad 6 and a busbar pressing plate mount pad transverse shifting driving cylinder 7 is fixed, and the cylinder body of described busbar pressing plate mount pad transverse shifting driving cylinder 7 is fixed on described welding bench installing rack 21.Conveniently adjust the position of welding bench installing rack 21, the mounting means of workbench installing rack 21 is: on feeding device base plate 8, arrange horizontal welding bench installing rack moving guide rail 23, the bearing of trend of welding bench installing rack moving guide rail 23 is consistent with the bearing of trend of material fetching mechanism moving guide rail 10.Described welding bench installing rack 21 slides and is located on described welding bench installing rack moving guide rail 23, slide along welding bench installing rack moving guide rail 23 to drive welding bench installing rack 21, welding bench installing rack transverse shifting driving cylinder 24 is set to provide power, namely drives welding bench installing rack 21 to drive with the piston rod of welding bench installing rack transverse shifting driving cylinder 24 and be connected.Welding bench installing rack transverse shifting driving cylinder 24 can be cylinder.When welding, the interconnector that solar cell string end is stretched out is placed on welding bench 20, when busbar 12 is placed on the interconnector on welding bench 20 by material fetching mechanism, busbar pressing plate mount pad transverse shifting driving cylinder 7 runs to drive busbar pressing plate 5 to move to welding bench, compression busbar contacts with interconnector, facilitates later welding operation.
Described solar cell string group feed mechanism is located at the side of described two groups of busbar feeding machanism 17 lines.Namely solar cell string group 18 is delivered to the position between two groups of busbar feeding machanisms 17 by solar cell string group feed mechanism, then often organizes busbar feeding machanism 17 and provides busbar 12 respectively to one end of solar cell string group 18.In the present embodiment, solar cell string group feed mechanism is Timing Belt 14.
Described welding gun 15 laterally slides and is located at the top of described welding bench position, is namely slidably arranged in the top of the end of solar cell string group 18 along the length direction (now busbar has been placed on interconnector) of busbar 12.Therefore the moving direction of welding gun 15 intersects with the moving direction of described vacuum cup travelling carriage, and basic one-tenth is T-shaped.The present embodiment is provided with a welder base 19, busbar feeding machanism 17 and solar cell string group feed mechanism are set directly on welder base 19, two groups of busbar feeding machanisms 17 occupy one end of welder base 19 respectively, solar cell string group feed mechanism is located at a side of busbar feeding machanism 17, welding gun moving guide rail 16 is set above welder base 19, in order to process the busbar welding operation at solar cell string group 18 two ends simultaneously, therefore welding gun moving guide rail 16 is two, welding gun 15 is also two, respectively near one group of busbar feeding machanism 17.The bearing of trend of welding gun moving guide rail 16 and the bearing of trend of material fetching mechanism moving guide rail 10 at a right angle.In order to relatively adjust the distance between welding gun moving guide rail 16 and material fetching mechanism, welding gun moving guide rail 16 can be slidably arranged on welding gun moving guide rail slide rail, the bearing of trend of this welding gun moving guide rail slide rail is consistent with the bearing of trend of material fetching mechanism moving guide rail 10.Welding gun 15 acts on mobile drive deivce, such as, drives cylinder, welding gun moving guide rail slide rail has also acted on mobile drive deivce as driven cylinder.
Method of operating: simultaneously start solar cell statements based on collusion material conveyer belt 32 and Timing Belt 37, is transported to solar cell string by the solar cell string 18 of 12 solar battery sheet series weldings and is captured by solar cell material conveyer belt 32 of acting in collusion to make each other's confessions the position that vacuum cup group installing plate 35 parallels.Meanwhile, glass plate (on this glass plate existing EVA sheet) is delivered on erecting bed 13 by Timing Belt 37, and is positioned at the below that solar cell string captures vacuum cup group installing plate 35.Next, solar cell string grasping mechanism body 33 moves to solar cell statements based on collusion material conveyer belt 32 direction, when solar cell string crawl vacuum cup group 36 moves to directly over solar cell statements based on collusion material conveyer belt 32, solar cell string capture vacuum cup group 36 move down capture solar cell string 18 after again on move, then solar cell string grasping mechanism body 33 travelling backwards, when solar cell string crawl vacuum cup group 36 moves to directly over glass plate, move down and solar cell string 18 is put on a glass, following repetitive operation is until be booked glass plate, solar cell string group moves on the Timing Belt 14 of solar cell busbar bonding machine by Timing Belt 37.
The busbar that the present embodiment adopts is all flattened by the busbar of web-like to make the shape shown in accompanying drawing 1, is then placed in supply disk 1 for use.
Timing Belt 14 action of solar cell busbar bonding machine, solar cell string group 18 is delivered between two groups of busbar feeding machanisms 17, then vacuum cup installing plate moves up and down driving cylinder 22 action, the piston rod that vacuum cup installing plate moves up and down driving cylinder 22 stretches out downwards, vacuum cup 4 moves along with vacuum cup installing plate 3 supply disk 1 downwards, when vacuum cup 4 contacts with busbar 12, the vacuum extractor of attaching troops to a unit in vacuum cup 4 starts, and vacuum cup 4 captures busbar 12.Often take out a busbar 12, servomotor action once moves certain distance to make the busbar loading plate of supply disk 1 drive on stacked busbar 13.
Vacuum cup installing plate moves up and down driving cylinder 22 action, the piston rod that vacuum cup installing plate moves up and down driving cylinder 22 is upwards retracted, vacuum cup travelling carriage 2 drives cylinder action, vacuum cup travelling carriage 2 is driven to move along material fetching mechanism moving guide rail 10 towards welding bench 20 direction, the position of the interconnector that the end that vacuum cup 4 drives busbar 12 to move to solar cell string is stretched out, vacuum cup 4 puts down busbar 12, and busbar 12 is contacted with interconnector.Busbar pressing plate mount pad transverse shifting driving cylinder 7 drives busbar pressing plate mount pad 6 to move, and makes busbar pressing plate 5 compress the contact of busbar 12 and interconnector.Following welding gun 15 can perform welding operation to the contact point of busbar 13 and interconnector such as drive the driving of cylinder at moving drive mechanism under.
Above-described embodiment, only for technical conceive of the present invention and feature are described, its object is to person skilled in the art can be understood content of the present invention and implement according to this, can not limit the scope of the invention with this.All equivalences done according to Spirit Essence of the present invention change or modify, and all should be encompassed within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a solar cell busbar welding production line, is characterized in that: comprise arrange anode machine and solar cell busbar bonding machine;
Described arrange anode machine comprises erecting bed, horizontally disposed solar cell statements based on collusion material conveyer belt, solar cell string grasping mechanism and solar cell string group charging and discharging mechanism, and described solar cell statements based on collusion material conveyer belt is located at the top of the side of described erecting bed; Described solar cell string grasping mechanism comprises solar cell string grasping mechanism body, horizontally disposed solar cell string grasping mechanism guide rail, solar cell string captures vacuum cup group installing plate and solar cell string captures vacuum cup group; The bearing of trend of described solar cell string grasping mechanism guide rail is acted in collusion to make each other's confessions with described solar cell and is expected that the bearing of trend of conveyer belt becomes angle to arrange, described solar cell string grasping mechanism body slides on described solar cell string grasping mechanism guide rail, and the effect of described solar cell string grasping mechanism body has solar cell string grasping mechanism body to move horizontally drives structure; Described solar cell string captures vacuum cup group installing plate and is vertically slidably supported on described solar cell string grasping mechanism body, on it, effect has solar cell string crawl vacuum cup group installing plate to move up and down driving mechanism, and described solar cell string captures on vacuum cup group installing plate and captures vacuum cup group to having at least one group of solar cell string; Described solar cell string group charging and discharging mechanism is located on described erecting bed table top, described solar cell string group charging and discharging mechanism is positioned at the below of described solar cell statements based on collusion material conveyer belt, and the throughput direction of described solar cell string group charging and discharging mechanism and solar cell are acted in collusion to make each other's confessions and expected that the throughput direction of conveyer belt is at a right angle;
Described solar cell busbar bonding machine comprises solar cell string group feed mechanism, welding gun and two groups of busbar feeding machanisms; Described two groups of busbar feeding machanism intervals are arranged, and described busbar feeding machanism comprises one for holding the supply disk of busbar, and this supply disk effect has the vertical moving drive mechanism of supply disk; The top of described supply disk is provided with the material fetching mechanism transversely slided, this material fetching mechanism comprises vacuum cup travelling carriage, vacuum cup installing plate and vacuum cup installing plate and moves up and down driving cylinder, the cylinder body that described vacuum cup installing plate moves up and down driving cylinder is fixed on described vacuum cup travelling carriage, the piston rod that described vacuum cup installing plate moves up and down driving cylinder is fixedly connected with described vacuum cup installing plate, and described vacuum cup installing plate is provided with multiple vacuum cup towards described supply disk; Described supply disk side is provided with hold-down mechanism, this hold-down mechanism comprises welding bench installing rack, welding bench and busbar pressing plate, described welding bench is corresponding with busbar pressing plate to be arranged, and busbar pressing plate is positioned at the top of welding bench, described welding bench is fixed on described welding bench installing rack, and described busbar pressing plate slides relative to described welding bench installing rack and arranges; Described solar cell string group feed mechanism is located at the side of described two groups of busbar feeding machanism lines; Described welding gun laterally slides on the top of described welding bench, and the moving direction of welding gun is identical with the direction that described busbar extends;
The solar cell string group charging and discharging mechanism of described arrange anode machine is corresponding with the solar cell string group feed mechanism of described solar cell busbar bonding machine to be arranged.
2. solar cell busbar welding production line according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described busbar feeding machanism also comprises a feeding device base plate, this feeding device base plate sets firmly a vertical material fetching mechanism support, the upper end of this material fetching mechanism support is provided with horizontal material fetching mechanism moving guide rail, and described material fetching mechanism slides and is located on described material fetching mechanism moving guide rail.
3. solar cell busbar welding production line according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described feeding device base plate is provided with horizontal welding bench installing rack moving guide rail, described welding bench installing rack slides and is located on described welding bench installing rack moving guide rail.
4. solar cell busbar welding production line according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described solar cell string group charging and discharging mechanism is Timing Belt.
5. solar cell busbar welding production line according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described solar cell string group feed mechanism is Timing Belt.
6. solar cell busbar welding production line according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described busbar pressing plate is fixed on a busbar pressing plate mount pad, the piston rod of this busbar pressing plate mount pad and a busbar pressing plate mount pad transverse shifting driving cylinder is fixed, and the cylinder body of described busbar pressing plate mount pad transverse shifting driving cylinder is fixed on described welding bench installing rack.
CN201410852416.6A 2014-12-31 2014-12-31 A kind of solar cell busbar welding production line CN104439799B (en)

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