CN104404857A - Permeable brick paving ground and construction method - Google Patents

Permeable brick paving ground and construction method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104404857A
CN104404857A CN201410736738.4A CN201410736738A CN104404857A CN 104404857 A CN104404857 A CN 104404857A CN 201410736738 A CN201410736738 A CN 201410736738A CN 104404857 A CN104404857 A CN 104404857A
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China
Prior art keywords
ground
sand
permeable
pervious concrete
construction method
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Application number
CN201410736738.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104404857B (en
Inventor
崔健
张生雨
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MCC Tiangong Group Corp Ltd
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MCC Tiangong Group Corp Ltd
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Priority to CN201410736738.4A priority Critical patent/CN104404857B/en
Publication of CN104404857A publication Critical patent/CN104404857A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C15/00Pavings specially adapted for footpaths, sidewalks or cycle tracks
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C11/00Details of pavings
    • E01C11/22Gutters; Kerbs ; Surface drainage of streets, roads or like traffic areas
    • E01C11/224Surface drainage of streets
    • E01C11/225Paving specially adapted for through-the-surfacing drainage, e.g. perforated, porous; Preformed paving elements comprising, or adapted to form, passageways for carrying off drainage

Abstract

The invention provides a permeable brick paving ground. The permeable brick paving ground sequentially comprises a non-sand permeable concrete cushion, a dry-sand leveling layer and a surface layer from an original earth road foundation from bottom to up, wherein the dry-sand leveling layer is a coarse sand layer; the surface layer comprises grid face bricks and permeable bricks in various grid units formed by the grid face bricks in an encircling manner. A construction method of the permeable brick paving ground comprises the following steps: constructing a draining canal in an earth road foundation; constructing the non-sand permeable concrete cushion; paving the grid face bricks to divide a square ground into a plurality of grid units; then vertically building the permeable bricks of the surface layer in the grid units; finally, carrying out dry-sand seam sweeping to compact brick joints. According to the permeable brick paving ground, all the structural layers have the ventilated and permeable function; meanwhile, water seepage on the ground and the draining canal in the ground are combined together to form a perfect ground rainwater drainage and seepage system; when the rain is relatively light, rainwater directly seeps underground through the ground; when the rain is relatively heavy, rainwater is removed by mainly adopting the draining canal, and is assisted by ground water seepage; the permeable brick paving ground is good in effects of water drainage and seepage.

Description

A kind of permeable tile work ground and construction method
Technical field
The invention belongs to large-scale square ground Construction Technology field, especially relate to a kind of permeable tile work ground and construction method.
Background technology
Tile work ground, large-scale square adopts concrete as bed course usually, then adopts cement mortar to lay face brick surface layer.Usually there is the following weak point: 1, rainwater drains into drainage pipe or irrigation canals and ditches by the gradient on ground, the approach of storm-water drainage is too single.When rainwater is larger, often can there is seeping phenomenon in ground not mean place; Therefore, us are needed to improve the storm-water system of square ground.2, along with the development in city, and the requirement to environmental protection, permeable Ground Application is also more and more extensive.And how to make tile work ground possess good pervious function, need us to go further investigation.The tile work ground of Normal practice does not possess pervious function substantially, and first common plain concrete cushion layer has just directly intercepted the infiltration of rainwater, secondly, the cement mortar that setting course is used, though be dry plasticity, As time goes on, progressively harden, also can have a strong impact on the osmotic effect of rainwater.
Summary of the invention
The problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of permeable tile work ground and construction method, can either ensure square ground face brick decorative effect, and can improve the construction technology that ground row oozes function permeable tile work ground.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution used in the present invention is: a kind of permeable tile work ground, is followed successively by from the bottom to top without sand pervious concrete bed course, dry sand leveling layer and surface layer from the ground of original soil road; Described dry sand leveling layer is coarse sands layer; Described surface layer comprises lattice face brick and water-permeable brick in each grid cell of being enclosed by lattice face brick.
The construction method on permeable tile work ground, comprises the steps:
1. elder generation's construction drainage irrigation canals and ditches on dirt road ground, and smooth rammed subgrade;
2. examination is joined without sand pervious concrete match ratio, determines cement consumption in concrete, and the specification of stone and consumption, and making is without sand pervious concrete;
3. select suitable paving and build machinery, on the ground of original soil road, block placement is without sand pervious concrete bed course, and ensures concrete degree of compaction and planeness;
When 4. starting to pave surface layer, first pave separation face brick by cement mortar by design elevation, whole square ground is separated into some grid cells uniformly;
5. until step 4. in pave division surface brick cement mortar reach some strength time, carry out levelling at each grid cell inner utilization coarse sand, and adopt dry laid process to pave the water-permeable brick of surface layer;
6. corner process, and carry out dry sand and sweep seam, compacted brickwork joint.
Further, step 2. pilot scale prepare described without sand pervious concrete, under guaranteed strength meets the prerequisite of designing requirement, certain porosity and coefficient of permeability should be had.
Further, build haulage time for shortening, step is 2. described can adopt the method for on-the-spot concentrated compactness to make without sand pervious concrete.
Further, step 2. described in without sand pervious concrete layer adopt C15 without sand pervious concrete.
Further, step 4. in pave division surface brick cement mortar adopt 1:3 match ratio.
Further, the dry sand leveling layer thickness of step when 5. middle coarse sand is levelling is 30 ~ 50mm.
The advantage that the present invention has and good effect are:
1) surface layer on dirt road ground, dry sand leveling layer, all possess air-and water-permeable function without decks such as sand pervious concrete bed courses, under realizing the infiltration of rainwater and road surface, soil communicates with air.
2) infiltration on ground and the escape canal on ground form perfect ground rainwater and arrange and ooze system, rainwater is got rid of fast, avoids the ponding on ground, when rainwater is less, directly permeated the ground by ground, when rainwater is larger, take gutter as main the eliminating, be aided with ground sweat.Meanwhile, the infiltration of rainwater also achieves the effect utilizing rainwater to carry out supplement ambient water.
3) carry out dividing elements to ground, the paving of lattice face brick serves the displacement of face brick within the scope of restriction junior unit, also makes ground maintenance only within the scope of unit, does not affect the face brick beyond unit.Paving of lattice face brick also serves similar " floating screed " effect of plastering in process, and the absolute altitude on ground is well controlled.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is middle berth brick flooring cross sectional representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of middle berth brick flooring of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is that the present invention separates face brick grid division cell schematics.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, specific embodiments of the invention are elaborated.
A kind of permeable tile work ground, as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, is followed successively by from the bottom to top without sand pervious concrete bed course 1, dry sand leveling layer 2 and surface layer 3 from the ground of original soil road; Described dry sand leveling layer 2 is coarse sands layer; Described surface layer 3 comprises lattice face brick 4 and water-permeable brick 6 in each grid cell 5 of being surrounded by lattice face brick 4.
It should be noted that, lattice face brick 4 preferably blue bricks, the water-permeable brick of surface layer can select specification to be the blue bricks modelled after an antique of 280x140x75, and laid on end, such rain penetration better effects if.In addition, the size of grid cell 5 is usually designed to 5mx5m.With the grid cell 5 that lattice face brick 4 divides, effectively can control the absolute altitude of whole square ground, and constraint and fixation are risen to the face brick (water-permeable brick) of junior unit inside.
The construction method on permeable tile work ground, comprises the steps:
1. elder generation's construction drainage irrigation canals and ditches 7 on dirt road ground, and smooth rammed subgrade;
2. examination is joined without sand pervious concrete match ratio, determines cement consumption in concrete, and the specification of stone and consumption, and making is without sand pervious concrete; Generally in every cube of concrete, cement consumption is about 350kg (intensity is considered by C15), should join be as the criterion in practice of construction with examination.
3. select suitable paving and build machinery, on the ground of original soil road, block placement is without sand pervious concrete bed course 1, and ensures concrete degree of compaction and planeness; Here, the plain concrete cushion layer in Normal practice is changed into non-fine concrete, the pervious function that made it possess.It should be noted that paving process notes the arrangement of operation and the control of time.Avoid because mix dehydration is too much and initial set in advance, and affect concrete quality.
When 4. starting to pave surface layer 3, first pave separation face brick 4 by cement mortar by design elevation, whole square ground is separated into some grid cells 5 uniformly;
5. until step 4. in pave division surface brick 4 cement mortar reach some strength time, carry out levelling at each grid cell 5 inner utilization coarse sand, and adopt dry laid process to pave the water-permeable brick 6 of surface layer 3; Like this, adopt the surface layer of dry laid process, ensure that the upper and lower space of deck, whole ground is through.
6. corner process, and carry out dry sand and sweep seam, compacted brickwork joint.It is mentioned here that what is done can for coarse sand, also can be sand material mixture.
Wherein, step 2. pilot scale prepare described without sand pervious concrete, under guaranteed strength meets the prerequisite of designing requirement, certain porosity and coefficient of permeability should be had.
Wherein, build haulage time for shortening, step is 2. described can adopt the method for on-the-spot concentrated compactness to make without sand pervious concrete.
Wherein, step 2. described in adopt C15 without sand pervious concrete without sand pervious concrete layer 1.
Wherein, step 4. in pave division surface brick 4 cement mortar adopt 1:3 match ratio.
Wherein, dry sand leveling layer 2 thickness of step when 5. middle coarse sand is levelling is 30 ~ 50mm.
All possess air-and water-permeable function without decks such as sand pervious concrete bed course 1, dry sand leveling layer 2, surface layers 3 in the present invention on dirt road ground, under realizing the infiltration of rainwater and road surface, soil communicates with air.Meanwhile, the escape canal 7 on the infiltration on ground and ground is formed perfect ground rainwater and arrange and ooze system, rainwater is got rid of fast, avoid the ponding on ground, when rainwater is less, directly permeated the ground by ground, when rainwater is larger, is main the eliminating with escape canal 7, is aided with ground sweat.Meanwhile, the infiltration of rainwater also achieves the effect utilizing rainwater to carry out supplement ambient water.
Above one embodiment of the present of invention have been described in detail, but described content being only preferred embodiment of the present invention, can not being considered to for limiting practical range of the present invention.All equalizations done according to the present patent application scope change and improve, and all should still belong within patent covering scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. a permeable tile work ground, is characterized in that: be followed successively by without sand pervious concrete bed course, dry sand leveling layer and surface layer from the ground of original soil road from the bottom to top; Described dry sand leveling layer is coarse sands layer; Described surface layer comprises lattice face brick and water-permeable brick in each grid cell of being surrounded by lattice face brick.
2. the construction method on permeable tile work ground described in claim 1, is characterized in that, comprise the steps:
1. elder generation's construction drainage irrigation canals and ditches on dirt road ground, and smooth rammed subgrade;
2. examination is joined without sand pervious concrete match ratio, determines cement consumption in concrete, and the specification of stone and consumption, and making is without sand pervious concrete;
3. select suitable paving and build machinery, on the ground of original soil road, block placement is without sand pervious concrete bed course, and ensures concrete degree of compaction and planeness;
When 4. starting to pave surface layer, first pave separation face brick by cement mortar by design elevation, whole square ground is separated into some grid cells uniformly;
5. until step 4. in pave division surface brick cement mortar reach some strength time, carry out levelling at each grid cell inner utilization coarse sand, and adopt dry laid process to pave the water-permeable brick of surface layer;
6. corner process, and carry out dry sand and sweep seam, compacted brickwork joint.
3. the construction method on a kind of permeable tile work ground according to claim 2, is characterized in that: step 2. pilot scale prepare described without sand pervious concrete, under guaranteed strength meets the prerequisite of designing requirement, certain porosity and coefficient of permeability should be had.
4. the construction method on a kind of permeable tile work ground according to claim 2, is characterized in that: build haulage time for shortening, step is 2. described can adopt the method for on-the-spot concentrated compactness to make without sand pervious concrete.
5. the construction method on a kind of permeable tile work ground according to claim 2, is characterized in that: step 2. described in without sand pervious concrete layer adopt C15 without sand pervious concrete.
6. the construction method on a kind of permeable tile work ground according to claim 2, is characterized in that: step 4. in pave division surface brick cement mortar adopt 1:3 match ratio.
7. the construction method on a kind of permeable tile work ground according to claim 2, is characterized in that: the dry sand leveling layer thickness of step when 5. middle coarse sand is levelling is 30 ~ 50mm.
CN201410736738.4A 2014-12-04 2014-12-04 A kind of permeable tile work ground and construction method Active CN104404857B (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105421183A (en) * 2015-12-22 2016-03-23 福建大农景观建设有限公司 Ecological glue-building water-permeable terrace and preparation method thereof
CN107675576A (en) * 2017-09-05 2018-02-09 李子木 A kind of processing method of building waste
CN113356519A (en) * 2021-06-25 2021-09-07 北京建工新型建材有限责任公司 Ground stirring-free stone-filled concrete leveling construction process and ground leveling structure
CN113605172A (en) * 2021-08-02 2021-11-05 河南中交路通工程监理咨询有限公司 Permeable pavement and construction method thereof

Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH11181706A (en) * 1997-12-25 1999-07-06 Chugai Ro Co Ltd Work execution structure of paving material
CN200981968Y (en) * 2006-12-18 2007-11-28 北京市市政工程设计研究总院 Water permeability footway
CN201206233Y (en) * 2008-04-30 2009-03-11 上海园林(集团)公司 Ecological footpath system
CN101565997A (en) * 2009-05-25 2009-10-28 青岛恒生源集团建设有限公司 Construction method for large-area irregular floor tile
KR100985558B1 (en) * 2009-10-21 2010-10-05 이랜드체육산업 (주) Water permeable elasticity pavement having oyster shell and manufacturing method and construction method thereof
CN201678926U (en) * 2010-05-12 2010-12-22 叶新 Novel combined type water-permeable sidewalk
KR20120103234A (en) * 2011-03-10 2012-09-19 공주대학교 산학협력단 Sidewalk using woodchip and paving method thereof
CN203383414U (en) * 2013-07-31 2014-01-08 陕西建工集团第八建筑工程有限公司 Arranging and dividing structure for parapet wall with tapestry bricks in laying and sticking mode
CN103669147A (en) * 2013-12-31 2014-03-26 北京东方园林股份有限公司 Pavement method of permeable ground and permeable pavement structure paved through pavement method
CN203583313U (en) * 2013-11-19 2014-05-07 苏州金螳螂园林绿化景观有限公司 Anti-cracking washing stone road surface

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH11181706A (en) * 1997-12-25 1999-07-06 Chugai Ro Co Ltd Work execution structure of paving material
CN200981968Y (en) * 2006-12-18 2007-11-28 北京市市政工程设计研究总院 Water permeability footway
CN201206233Y (en) * 2008-04-30 2009-03-11 上海园林(集团)公司 Ecological footpath system
CN101565997A (en) * 2009-05-25 2009-10-28 青岛恒生源集团建设有限公司 Construction method for large-area irregular floor tile
KR100985558B1 (en) * 2009-10-21 2010-10-05 이랜드체육산업 (주) Water permeable elasticity pavement having oyster shell and manufacturing method and construction method thereof
CN201678926U (en) * 2010-05-12 2010-12-22 叶新 Novel combined type water-permeable sidewalk
KR20120103234A (en) * 2011-03-10 2012-09-19 공주대학교 산학협력단 Sidewalk using woodchip and paving method thereof
CN203383414U (en) * 2013-07-31 2014-01-08 陕西建工集团第八建筑工程有限公司 Arranging and dividing structure for parapet wall with tapestry bricks in laying and sticking mode
CN203583313U (en) * 2013-11-19 2014-05-07 苏州金螳螂园林绿化景观有限公司 Anti-cracking washing stone road surface
CN103669147A (en) * 2013-12-31 2014-03-26 北京东方园林股份有限公司 Pavement method of permeable ground and permeable pavement structure paved through pavement method

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105421183A (en) * 2015-12-22 2016-03-23 福建大农景观建设有限公司 Ecological glue-building water-permeable terrace and preparation method thereof
CN107675576A (en) * 2017-09-05 2018-02-09 李子木 A kind of processing method of building waste
CN107675576B (en) * 2017-09-05 2019-08-20 李子木 A kind of processing method of building waste
CN113356519A (en) * 2021-06-25 2021-09-07 北京建工新型建材有限责任公司 Ground stirring-free stone-filled concrete leveling construction process and ground leveling structure
CN113356519B (en) * 2021-06-25 2022-11-15 北京建工新型建材有限责任公司 Ground stirring-free stone-filled concrete leveling construction process and ground leveling structure
CN113605172A (en) * 2021-08-02 2021-11-05 河南中交路通工程监理咨询有限公司 Permeable pavement and construction method thereof
CN113605172B (en) * 2021-08-02 2022-12-02 河南中交路通工程监理咨询有限公司 Permeable pavement

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