CN105201025B - Basement waterproofing construction and its construction method - Google Patents

Basement waterproofing construction and its construction method Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN105201025B
CN105201025B CN201510574470.3A CN201510574470A CN105201025B CN 105201025 B CN105201025 B CN 105201025B CN 201510574470 A CN201510574470 A CN 201510574470A CN 105201025 B CN105201025 B CN 105201025B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
basement
construction
waterproof
side wall
impermeable structure
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201510574470.3A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN105201025A (en
Inventor
薛兴勇
宋敦清
崔学民
罗兆学
龚荣华
刘志
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guangdong Qinglong Construction Engineering Co., Ltd.
Original Assignee
GUANGXI QINGLONG CHEMICAL BUILDING MATERIAL CO Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by GUANGXI QINGLONG CHEMICAL BUILDING MATERIAL CO Ltd filed Critical GUANGXI QINGLONG CHEMICAL BUILDING MATERIAL CO Ltd
Priority to CN201510574470.3A priority Critical patent/CN105201025B/en
Publication of CN105201025A publication Critical patent/CN105201025A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105201025B publication Critical patent/CN105201025B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of basement waterproofing construction, full protection is carried out in terms of basement plants top plate, side wall and bottom plate three, wherein:Planting top plate includes impermeable structure concrete roof, polymer waterproofing slurry, waterproof roll, drainage plate, non-woven fabrics, planting soil and vegetable layer from inside to outside;Side wall includes impermeable structure concrete side wall, polymer waterproofing slurry, waterproof roll, drainage plate and backfill from inside to outside;Bottom plate includes impermeable structure concrete floor, waterproof roll, pea gravel concreten bed course and backfill from outside to inside.Accordingly, corresponding construction method has been also set up." full outsourcing " the skin-type waterproof of the basement waterproofing constitution realization of the present invention to whole basement, and it is simple and easy to apply to construct, comprehensive cost low, water resistance are good, cost performance is high, demand of the construction market to the preferable basement waterproofing of combination property can be met, is adapted to the waterproof for being widely used in basement and other hypogees.

Description

Basement waterproofing construction and its construction method
Technical field
The invention belongs to buildings waterproof field, more particularly to a kind of basement waterproofing construction and its construction method.
Background technology
With the quickening continued to develop with urbanization process of construction industry, the type and quantity of basement are continued to increase, right Basement waterproofing requires more and more higher, and basement waterproofing work, which is done well, will badly influence normally using for basement, and Reprocess expense also very expensive.The traditional method of current basement waterproofing is laying water-proof coiled material or brushing on concrete base layer Water-repellent paint, although the species and quality of various waterproof materials are being updated and improved, because concrete expands with heat and contract with cold production Raw crackle, waterproof material lap-joint deal with the influences different with ground water pressure height improperly, single rigid self-waterproof and The mode that flexible water is combined is difficult to reach waterproof requirement in the higher occasion of waterproof requirement, is not only difficult to final acceptance of construction, also gives Reprocess and bring difficulty.Therefore, basement waterproofing will accomplish the principle that anti-row combines, suited measures to local conditions according to basement actual conditions, There should be rational water proof structure level, also to get hold of construction quality, basement waterproofing is reached design life.
The content of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of comprehensive cost low, the underground that water resistance is good, cost performance is high Room water proof structure and its construction method, to meet demand of the construction market to the preferable basement waterproofing of combination property.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the present invention uses following technical scheme:Basement waterproofing is constructed, including plantation top Plate, side wall and bottom plate, plantation top plate include impermeable structure concrete roof from inside to outside, polymer waterproofing slurry, waterproof Coiled material, drainage plate, non-woven fabrics, planting soil and vegetable layer;Side wall includes impermeable structure concrete side wall from inside to outside, poly- Compound waterproofing slurry, waterproof roll, drainage plate and backfill;Bottom plate includes impermeable structure concrete bottom from outside to inside Plate, waterproof roll, pea gravel concreten bed course and backfill.
Waterproof roll is TPO waterproof rolls or PCM reaction bonded type macromolecular compounded waterproof materials.
Plant top plate and reserve siphon drainage hole, polymer waterproofing slurry is macromolecule modified flexible polymer cement base sand Slurry, drainage plate is Hips Plastics plate, and non-woven fabrics is polypropylene non-woven fabric.
The construction method of above-mentioned basement waterproofing construction, comprises the following steps:The construction of basement plantation top plate, basement The construction of side wall and the construction of basement bottom board.
The construction method of above-mentioned basement waterproofing construction, the construction of basement plantation top plate is carried out by following operation:
1) first take ball blast or constructed impermeable structure concrete roof with floating mode with pouring, and reserved siphon drainage Hole;
2) the construction polymer waterproofing slurry after impermeable structure concrete roof is solid;
3) TPO waterproof rolls or PCM reaction bonded type macromolecules composite water-proof volume are laid on polymer waterproofing slurry Material;
4) drainage plate is laid on waterproof roll, convex surface is down;
5) non-woven fabrics is laid on drainage plate;
6) planting soil is filled on non-woven fabrics;
7) vegetation is planted on planting soil.
The construction of basement side wall is carried out by following operation:
1) first constructed impermeable structure concrete side wall;
2) the construction polymer waterproofing slurry after impermeable structure concrete side wall is solid;
3) TPO waterproof rolls or PCM reaction bonded type macromolecules composite water-proof volume are laid on polymer waterproofing slurry Material;
4) drainage plate is laid on waterproof roll, convex surface is outwardly;
5) non-woven fabrics is laid on drainage plate;
6) constructed on non-woven fabrics backfill.
The construction of basement bottom board is carried out by following operation:
1) first by basement bottom backfill rammed earth;
2) take ball blast or constructed pea gravel concreten bed course with floating mode with pouring;
3) after treating that pea gravel concreten bed course is solid, the mode of pre-installed and inverted adhered is taken to construct waterproof roll;
4) the constructing structure self-waterproof concrete bottom plate on coiled material.
For the drawbacks of current part basement water proof structure level is not reasonable and classification of waterproof is relatively low, inventor's design A kind of basement waterproofing construction, full protection is carried out in terms of basement plants top plate, side wall and bottom plate three, wherein:Plantation Top plate includes impermeable structure concrete roof, polymer waterproofing slurry, waterproof roll, drainage plate, nonwoven from inside to outside Cloth, planting soil and vegetable layer;Side wall includes impermeable structure concrete side wall from inside to outside, polymer waterproofing slurry, waterproof Coiled material, drainage plate and backfill;Impermeable structure concrete floor, waterproof roll, the microlith that bottom plate includes from outside to inside are mixed Solidifying soil padding and backfill.Accordingly, inventor has also set up corresponding construction method.Compared with prior art, the present invention have with Lower outstanding advantage:
1) impermeable structure concrete roof is taken ball blast or constructed with pouring with floating mode, it is ensured that foundation base intension, makes Waterproof is placed on robust construction;As the polymer waterproofing slurry of waterproof roll binding agent, with good elastic, low receipts Shrinkage, and be firmly bonded with substrate concrete, do not fall off, do not ftracture, while itself also has excellent water resistance, can seal Close structure microcrack;Drainage plate and siphon drainage are employed in basement plantation roof construction, can retain amount of water expires Sufficient vegetation demand, can be drained excessive moisture by siphonage again, it is ensured that vegetation root system is not degenerated.
2) in basement side wall construction, drainage plate plays soft protective effect, drainage plate salient point surface court in waterproof layer Outside, stick and drainage and permeable effect are formed after non-woven fabrics, meet the waterproof principle of " the anti-combination of row ";And the soft guarantor of drainage plate Shield category permanent water-resistant protective layer, relative to styrofoam, cost is reasonable, more environmentally friendly energy-conservation, while advantageously reducing in basement Dew.
3) waterproof coiled material construction uses pre-installed and inverted adhered method, waterproof layer and waterproof slab concrete in basement bottom board construction Hy-dration reaction formation skin-type waterproof layer, thoroughly solves channeling water risk of leakage;Traditional method (waterproof can be prevented effectively from simultaneously Layer is bonded on bed course) because collapsing under backfill, cause bed course to sink cracking so as to drawing crack and destruction waterproof layer, form real meaning On " positive waterproof ".
In a word, basement waterproofing of the invention construction is planted top plate, side wall and bottom plate by basement and is collectively forming to whole " full outsourcing " skin-type waterproof of basement, and it is simple and easy to apply to construct, and comprehensive cost low, water resistance are good, cost performance is high, can Demand of the construction market to the preferable basement waterproofing of combination property is met, is adapted to be widely used in basement and other undergrounds is built The waterproof built.
Brief description of the drawings
During Fig. 1 is the layer of structure figure that top plate is planted in basement waterproofing of the present invention construction, figure:1 water-proof concrete top plate, 2 polymer waterproofing slurries, 3 waterproof rolls, 4 drainage plates, 5 non-woven fabrics, 6 planting soils, 7 vegetable layers.
During Fig. 2 is the layer of structure figure of side wall in basement waterproofing of the present invention construction, figure:1 impermeable structure concrete side Wall, 2 polymer waterproofing slurries, 3 waterproof rolls, 4 drainage plates, 5 non-woven fabrics, 6 backfills.
During Fig. 3 is the layer of structure figure of bottom plate in basement waterproofing of the present invention construction, figure:1 impermeable structure concrete bottom Plate, 2 waterproof rolls, 3 pea gravel concreten bed courses, 4 backfills.
Embodiment
As shown in Figures 1 to 3, basement waterproofing of the invention construction, including plantation top plate, side wall and bottom plate.Wherein,
Planting top plate includes impermeable structure concrete roof, polymer waterproofing slurry, waterproof roll, storage from inside to outside Drain bar, non-woven fabrics, planting soil and vegetable layer;It is constructed is carried out by following operation:
1) first take ball blast or constructed impermeable structure concrete roof with floating mode with pouring, and reserved siphon drainage Hole;
2) 2.0mm thick polymer waterproofing slurries of being constructed after impermeable structure concrete roof is solid are (macromolecule modified Flexible polymer cement-based mortar, similarly hereinafter), it can not block what self-waterproof concrete top plate was reserved during construction polymer waterproofing slurry Siphon drainage hole;
3) 1.5mmTPO waterproof rolls or 2.0mmPCM reaction bonded type macromolecules are laid on polymer waterproofing slurry Composite of water-proof coiled material, can not block self-waterproof concrete top plate reserved siphon drainage hole during construction coiled material;
4) drainage plate is laid on waterproof roll, convex surface is down;
5) non-woven fabrics (polypropylene non-woven fabric) is laid on drainage plate (Hips Plastics plate);
6) planting soil is filled on non-woven fabrics;
7) suitable vegetation is planted on planting soil according to actual needs.
Side wall includes impermeable structure concrete side wall from inside to outside, polymer waterproofing slurry, waterproof roll, drainage Plate and backfill;It is constructed is carried out by following operation:
1) first constructed impermeable structure concrete side wall;
2) the construction 2.0mm thick polymer waterproofing slurries after impermeable structure concrete side wall is solid;
3) 1.5mmTPO waterproof rolls or 2.0mmPCM reaction bonded type macromolecules are laid on polymer waterproofing slurry Composite of water-proof coiled material;
4) drainage plate is laid on waterproof roll, convex surface is outwardly;
5) non-woven fabrics is laid on drainage plate;
6) constructed on non-woven fabrics backfill.
Bottom plate includes impermeable structure concrete floor, waterproof roll, pea gravel concreten bed course and backfill from outside to inside Soil;It is constructed is carried out by following operation:
1) first by basement bottom backfill rammed earth;
2) take ball blast or constructed pea gravel concreten bed course with floating mode with pouring;
3) after treating that pea gravel concreten bed course is solid, the mode of pre-installed and inverted adhered is taken to construct waterproof roll;
4) the constructing structure self-waterproof concrete bottom plate on coiled material.
The present invention is applied in the basement waterproofing of production plant area of Guangxi Green Dragon chemical building material Co., Ltd, altogether construction area For 100 square metres or so, by the observation of 1 year by a definite date, waterproof effect was good, especially in summer thunderstorm rain seasonal changes waterproof Effect, basement is all the year round without ponding, and top plate is without leak, and side wall and bottom plate reach desired design waterproof effect without infiltration.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of basement waterproofing construction, including plantation top plate, side wall and bottom plate, it is characterised in that:The plantation top plate includes Impermeable structure concrete roof, polymer waterproofing slurry, waterproof roll, drainage plate, non-woven fabrics, planting soil from inside to outside And vegetable layer;The side wall include impermeable structure concrete side wall from inside to outside, polymer waterproofing slurry, waterproof roll, Drainage plate and backfill;The bottom plate includes impermeable structure concrete floor, waterproof roll, microlith coagulation from outside to inside Soil padding and backfill;The plantation top plate reserves siphon drainage hole, and polymer waterproofing slurry is poly- for macromolecule modified flexibility Compound cement-based mortar, drainage plate is Hips Plastics plate, and non-woven fabrics is polypropylene non-woven fabric, the waterproof volume Material is TPO waterproof rolls or PCM reaction bonded type macromolecular compounded waterproof materials.
2. the construction method that basement waterproofing described in claim 1 is constructed, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:Basement is planted The construction of top plate, the construction of basement side wall and the construction of basement bottom board;
The construction of the basement plantation top plate is carried out by following operation:
1) first take ball blast or constructed impermeable structure concrete roof with floating mode with pouring, and reserved siphon drainage hole;
2) the construction polymer waterproofing slurry after impermeable structure concrete roof is solid;
3) TPO waterproof rolls or PCM reaction bonded type macromolecular compounded waterproof materials are laid on polymer waterproofing slurry;
4) drainage plate is laid on waterproof roll, convex surface is down;
5) non-woven fabrics is laid on drainage plate;
6) planting soil is filled on non-woven fabrics;
7) vegetation is planted on planting soil;
The construction of the basement side wall is carried out by following operation:
1) first constructed impermeable structure concrete side wall;
2) the construction polymer waterproofing slurry after impermeable structure concrete side wall is solid;
3) TPO waterproof rolls or PCM reaction bonded type macromolecular compounded waterproof materials are laid on polymer waterproofing slurry;
4) drainage plate is laid on waterproof roll, convex surface is outwardly;
5) non-woven fabrics is laid on drainage plate;
6) constructed on non-woven fabrics backfill;
The construction of the basement bottom board is carried out by following operation:
1) first by basement bottom backfill rammed earth;
2) take ball blast or constructed pea gravel concreten bed course with floating mode with pouring;
3) after treating that pea gravel concreten bed course is solid, the mode of pre-installed and inverted adhered is taken to construct waterproof roll;
4) the constructing structure self-waterproof concrete bottom plate on coiled material.
CN201510574470.3A 2015-09-10 2015-09-10 Basement waterproofing construction and its construction method Active CN105201025B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510574470.3A CN105201025B (en) 2015-09-10 2015-09-10 Basement waterproofing construction and its construction method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510574470.3A CN105201025B (en) 2015-09-10 2015-09-10 Basement waterproofing construction and its construction method

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105201025A CN105201025A (en) 2015-12-30
CN105201025B true CN105201025B (en) 2017-08-22

Family

ID=54948958

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510574470.3A Active CN105201025B (en) 2015-09-10 2015-09-10 Basement waterproofing construction and its construction method

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN105201025B (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111042310A (en) * 2019-12-14 2020-04-21 中冶天工集团有限公司 Basement bottom plate structure and construction method thereof

Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105804122B (en) * 2016-03-10 2018-12-11 何发林 Underground project waterproof structure
CN105887923A (en) * 2016-04-13 2016-08-24 中国十七冶集团有限公司 Construction method for pre-paving and invertedly adhering waterproof coiled material in large underground waterproof project
CN108222573B (en) * 2017-12-21 2019-11-29 浙江理工大学 A kind of farmland underground storage space and assembled method of construction
CN112392140A (en) * 2020-12-07 2021-02-23 中兴建设有限公司 Basement waterproof construction process
CN112854311A (en) * 2021-02-05 2021-05-28 王辰悦 Underground waterproof system with same life cycle as building and construction method thereof
CN113062351B (en) * 2021-03-05 2022-08-12 武汉三源特种建材有限责任公司 Full-rigid waterproof structure for underground engineering of high-speed rail station and construction method

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2854100A1 (en) * 1978-12-14 1980-07-03 Gruenzweig Hartmann Glasfaser Outside wall drainage system on buildings - consists of waterproof mineral fibre layer applied to basement wall
JPS58113427A (en) * 1981-12-28 1983-07-06 Misawa Homes Co Ltd Water-proof unit for construction of semi-basement
CN101298782A (en) * 2008-06-13 2008-11-05 朱邃科 Method and system for basement engineering water proof and water drain
CN102535520A (en) * 2010-12-13 2012-07-04 五冶集团上海有限公司 Waterproof construction method of large-area civil air defense basement
CN202416382U (en) * 2011-12-30 2012-09-05 深圳市建筑设计研究总院有限公司 Waterproof structure of basement
CN205046589U (en) * 2015-09-10 2016-02-24 广西青龙化学建材有限公司 Waterproof structure of basement

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2854100A1 (en) * 1978-12-14 1980-07-03 Gruenzweig Hartmann Glasfaser Outside wall drainage system on buildings - consists of waterproof mineral fibre layer applied to basement wall
JPS58113427A (en) * 1981-12-28 1983-07-06 Misawa Homes Co Ltd Water-proof unit for construction of semi-basement
CN101298782A (en) * 2008-06-13 2008-11-05 朱邃科 Method and system for basement engineering water proof and water drain
CN102535520A (en) * 2010-12-13 2012-07-04 五冶集团上海有限公司 Waterproof construction method of large-area civil air defense basement
CN202416382U (en) * 2011-12-30 2012-09-05 深圳市建筑设计研究总院有限公司 Waterproof structure of basement
CN205046589U (en) * 2015-09-10 2016-02-24 广西青龙化学建材有限公司 Waterproof structure of basement

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
地下室防水工程的设计与施工要点;朱国梁;《中国建筑防水》;20140920(第18期);第19-21页 *
谈地下室防水工程的施工方法;胡平等;《广东建材》;20041230(第12期);第40-41页 *

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111042310A (en) * 2019-12-14 2020-04-21 中冶天工集团有限公司 Basement bottom plate structure and construction method thereof

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN105201025A (en) 2015-12-30

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN105201025B (en) Basement waterproofing construction and its construction method
CN101298782B (en) Method and system for basement engineering water proof and water drain
CN107190844B (en) The waterproof and water drainage system and construction method of a kind of basement bottom board and exterior wall
CN105862889B (en) A kind of soil-slope bank protecting method
CN206815693U (en) A kind of green planting roofing structure
CN101545307A (en) Roof green insulation system and method thereof
CN206768880U (en) A kind of waterproof construction for seashore pipe gallery
CN206352331U (en) The concave herbaceous field structure of sponge the idea of the city
CN106759104A (en) Ecological slope protection structure and construction method
CN109252549A (en) A kind of bentonite waterproof blanket and its construction method for man-made lake wetland
CN109184253A (en) A kind of method for repairing and mending of exterior wall leakage
CN205444257U (en) Novel drainage system is prevented to bottom plate
CN104652495A (en) Waterproof construction process for joint of inner support upright post of foundation pit and bottom plate
CN102776897B (en) Wash apron anti-settling anti-cracking construction method and structure
CN109944398A (en) Plant vegetation roof waterproof construction and construction method
CN107852880A (en) A kind of coastal saline-alkali area Yield rainfall relation is every drenching layer and hidden pipe salt discharge alkali system
CN205617555U (en) Roof root resistance waterproof construction is planted to basement
CN205046589U (en) Waterproof structure of basement
CN104404857A (en) Permeable brick paving ground and construction method
CN207793792U (en) A kind of road surface permeable pavement structure
CN207362992U (en) Floor drain leakage preventing structure
CN204252414U (en) Roof covering water-proof structure
CN112681624A (en) Construction method of roof planted in independent basement
CN105586980A (en) Construction method for wind tower foundation
CN204850265U (en) Lightweight roof garden structure of mating formation

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20191216

Address after: No.22, Dongming Road, Shiqi District, Zhongshan City, Guangdong Province

Patentee after: Guangdong Qinglong Construction Engineering Co., Ltd.

Address before: Nanning City, 532704 West Road Mingxiu the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region No. 174

Patentee before: Guangxi Qinglong Chemical Building Material Co., Ltd.

TR01 Transfer of patent right