CN104326773A - Technology for producing biological organic fertilizer - Google Patents

Technology for producing biological organic fertilizer Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN104326773A
CN104326773A CN201310308023.4A CN201310308023A CN104326773A CN 104326773 A CN104326773 A CN 104326773A CN 201310308023 A CN201310308023 A CN 201310308023A CN 104326773 A CN104326773 A CN 104326773A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
granulation
ageing
organic fertilizer
fermentation
biological organic
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201310308023.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王开明
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
BAOKANG FERTILE SOIL ECOLOGICAL AGRICULTURE DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
Original Assignee
BAOKANG FERTILE SOIL ECOLOGICAL AGRICULTURE DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by BAOKANG FERTILE SOIL ECOLOGICAL AGRICULTURE DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd filed Critical BAOKANG FERTILE SOIL ECOLOGICAL AGRICULTURE DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
Priority to CN201310308023.4A priority Critical patent/CN104326773A/en
Publication of CN104326773A publication Critical patent/CN104326773A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F3/00Fertilisers from human or animal excrements, e.g. manure
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

A technology for producing a biological organic fertilizer comprises the following steps: (1) collecting excreta, straws, domestic fungus leftover and biogas residue; (2) premixing, namely, adding and adsorption material and water into the materials collected in the step (1) to fully mix; (3) fermenting, namely sending the premixed materials to a fermentation workshop, and adding biological zymophyte for fermentation; (4) ageing, namely sending the fermented materials to an ageing field for ageing; (5) crushing, namely breaking apart or crushing the aged materials, and performing graded screening on the crushed materials; and (6) granulating, namely, sending the crushed materials into a comminutor for granulation, and drying, cooling and screening the granulated materials, weighing the finished product and packaging. The technology has the advantages of no pollution, no public hazard, effective utilization on resource, high fertilizer efficiency and usage convenience.

Description

A kind of technique of producing biological organic fertilizer
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of technique of producing biological organic fertilizer.
Background technology
Chemical fertilizer is all made up of various different salt, so use these fertilizer be made up of salt for a long time and in a large number, after fertilizer enters soil, the concentration of the soil solution will be increased and produce the osmotic pressure of different size, root of the crop cell not only can not absorb water from the soil solution, on the contrary the moisture in tenuigenin is blowed back into the soil solution, just cause crop damage.After agricultural chemicals is used in a large number, cause pesticide residue or go deep into underground water, water source is also polluted.On the other hand, aquaculture farm animal excrement, stalk, a large amount of appearance of edible fungi leftovers the like waste, stacking, occupy space, cause environmental pollution.Farm animal excrements etc. adopt traditional method composting: the time is long, fertilizer efficiency is low, contaminate environment, use inconvenience.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome prior art above shortcomings, and the technique of a kind of efficent use of resources, the production biological organic fertilizer that pollution-free, nuisanceless, fertilizer efficiency is high, easy to use is provided.
Technical program of the present invention lies in: comprise the following steps:
(1) movement, stalk, edible fungi leftovers, natural pond slag is collected;
(2) premix: the material that step (1) is collected is added absorption material, water fully mixes;
(3) ferment: the material after premix is transported to fermentation plant interpolation biological fermentation bacterium and ferments;
(4) ageing: rear material will be fermented and be transported to ageing field and carry out ageing;
(5) pulverize: the material after ageing is good carries out breaing up or pulverizing, the stock grading screening after pulverizing;
(6) granulation: be transported in tablets press and carry out granulation by the material after pulverizing, the material after granulation carries out drying, cools, sieves, and finished product is packed after weighing.
Wherein, the material after step (3) premix adds biological fermentation bacterium and ferments.
Wherein, step (3) looks leavening temperature 3-5 days to material turning once in the process of fermentation, terminates through a fermentation period (40 to 50 days).
Wherein, the tablets press described in step (6) is rotary drum granulator, and rotary drum granulator comprises a pelletizing disks mechanism.
Wherein, enter into tablets press after the middle screening of step (5) macrobead is out disperseed by pulverizer and carry out granulation, small-particle directly enters into tablets press and carries out granulation.
The present invention fully utilizes the agricultural wastes such as aquaculture farm animal excrement, stalk, edible fungi leftovers and produces organic fertilizer.Manure use plants organic Chinese medicinal materials, organic vegetable; Organic feed is produced again with the some crops of the tankage produced in organic Chinese medicinal materials of planting, organic vegetable production, the course of processing and outsourcing; Organic feed is utilized to raise pigs.The ight soil utilizing pig to produce produces biogas, for life; Stalk is utilized to produce edible mushrooms; Utilize the natural pond slag and farm animal excrement and edible fungus stick regenerative ratio fertilizer producing and be separated in process of methane.
Embodiment
Technical process
Organic raw material ferments: by organic raw material such as animal excrement, need to add certain absorption material raw material, moisture is comprehensively fermented to about 50%, technological process realizes in the following way: add in the hopper in the front raw material conditioning system of fermentation respectively by absorption material, organic material, evenly be transported in biaxial rneader by automatic speed governing device by helical screw feeder, stirrer stirs material.Material after stirring outputs to transfer car(buggy) by conveyor and is transported to fermentation plant and ferments.In the process of fermentation, every day starts turnover throwing machine to material turning once, fermentation period terminate material fermentation good after, by transfer car(buggy), material transfer is carried out ageing behind rear ferment field.
Organic raw material shatters in advance: in the purchasing of raw materials, directly purchases powder raw material.From ageing field, material good for ageing is joined by artificial or machinery and pulverize hopper, then join in vertical crusher and carry out breaing up or pulverizing.Material after pulverizing is transported in sizing screen by conveyor and sieves, and the material after screening beats heap by conveyor, is transported to granulation workshop carries out granulation by transfer car(buggy).
Granulation process flow process: efficient organic fertilizer technical process: organic fertilizer raw material, NPK, additive etc. are joined in stirrer respectively and mixes; then discharging is in conveyor; feed is in pulverizer; be transported in equably in tablets press through conveyor again and carry out granulation; in order to ensure granulation outcome; the present invention increases pelletizing disks mechanism after adopting rotary drum granulator; material is made to carry out further granulation, full circle; material after granulation is transported in dryer by conveyor and dries; enter cooler to carry out cooling reducing moisture further, then sieve.Enter into tablets press after screening macrobead is out disperseed by pulverizer and carry out granulation, small-particle directly enters into tablets press and carries out granulation, packs after finished product then weighs.
Treatment for cow manure technical process: the dirty mummifying pool → discharge → argol of gas blower → contact-oxidation pool → sewage → pump → excrement is transported outward or makes fertilizer → backflow → anaerobion → denitrification microorganism → qualified discharge.
Present invention process flow process: collection feces of livestock and poultry → premix → fermentation → ageing → stir → shatter → granulation → oven dry → sub-sieve → packaging ...The present invention takes " cleaner production " and the Agricultural recycling economy technological approaches of " green manufacturing ", by setting up " processing of farm products waste → organic feed → plant → biogas → (ight soil) → biological organic fertilizer (natural pond slag) → plant husbandry (organic Chinese medicinal materials, organic vegetable) → processing of farm products → agricultural product castoff " six grades of Agricultural recycling economy industrial chains, the open loop type economy of traditional " resource → product → waste discharge " is changed into the enclosed economy of " resource → product → waste → renewable resource "; By six grades of recycles, set up complete Agricultural recycling economy industrial system, utilize the reducing power of microorganism uniqueness, give full play to the energy potential of each production link, the circulation industrial structure of the processing that whole cyclic production process is formed, organic feed, aquaculture, biogas, biological organic fertilizer, mutual Harmonious use six one of organic products (organic Chinese medicinal materials, organic vegetable); Realize agriculture industrialization to produce, make each link industrialization of production, make each link possess good standby link, form " industrial chain " of an optimum running, ensure can flow, Commodity flow and cash flow circulate circulation dynamically; Follow biological cycle rule, Design and manufacture, with " Biological resources type energy circular economy industrial melt send out " pattern, reaches the target of " resource utilization, industrialization, minimizing, innoxious ", thus obtains best economy, ecology and social benefit.

Claims (5)

1. produce a technique for biological organic fertilizer, it is characterized in that, comprise the following steps:
(1) movement, stalk, edible fungi leftovers, natural pond slag is collected;
(2) premix: the material that step (1) is collected is added absorption material, water fully mixes;
(3) ferment: the material after premix is transported to fermentation plant interpolation biological fermentation bacterium and ferments;
(4) ageing: rear material will be fermented and be transported to ageing field and carry out ageing;
(5) pulverize: the material after ageing is good carries out breaing up or pulverizing, the stock grading screening after pulverizing;
(6) granulation: be transported in tablets press and carry out granulation by the material after pulverizing, the material after granulation carries out drying, cools, sieves, and finished product is packed after weighing.
2. the technique of production biological organic fertilizer according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the material after step (3) premix adds biological fermentation bacterium and ferments.
3. the technique of production biological organic fertilizer according to claim 1, is characterized in that: step (3) looks leavening temperature 3-5 days to material turning once in the process of fermentation, terminates through a fermentation period (40 to 50 days).
4. the technique of production biological organic fertilizer according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the tablets press described in step (6) is rotary drum granulator, and rotary drum granulator comprises a pelletizing disks mechanism.
5. the technique of production biological organic fertilizer according to claim 1, is characterized in that: enter into tablets press after the middle screening of step (5) macrobead is out disperseed by pulverizer and carry out granulation, small-particle directly enters into tablets press and carries out granulation.
CN201310308023.4A 2013-07-22 2013-07-22 Technology for producing biological organic fertilizer Pending CN104326773A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310308023.4A CN104326773A (en) 2013-07-22 2013-07-22 Technology for producing biological organic fertilizer

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310308023.4A CN104326773A (en) 2013-07-22 2013-07-22 Technology for producing biological organic fertilizer

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104326773A true CN104326773A (en) 2015-02-04

Family

ID=52401600

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201310308023.4A Pending CN104326773A (en) 2013-07-22 2013-07-22 Technology for producing biological organic fertilizer

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104326773A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105664793A (en) * 2016-01-26 2016-06-15 安徽大地节能科技有限公司 Granulation technology for waste crops
CN108083928A (en) * 2018-01-30 2018-05-29 宜州市怀远镇诚信辣椒种植专业合作社 A kind of capsicum fertilizer special for organic and preparation method thereof
CN109966982A (en) * 2019-04-26 2019-07-05 嘉施利(铁岭)化肥有限公司 A kind of blending fertile finely mixing system and its blending method
CN110407622A (en) * 2019-07-05 2019-11-05 江苏亿金环保科技有限公司 A kind of production technology using anaerobism biogas residue production solid organic fertilizer

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105664793A (en) * 2016-01-26 2016-06-15 安徽大地节能科技有限公司 Granulation technology for waste crops
CN108083928A (en) * 2018-01-30 2018-05-29 宜州市怀远镇诚信辣椒种植专业合作社 A kind of capsicum fertilizer special for organic and preparation method thereof
CN109966982A (en) * 2019-04-26 2019-07-05 嘉施利(铁岭)化肥有限公司 A kind of blending fertile finely mixing system and its blending method
CN110407622A (en) * 2019-07-05 2019-11-05 江苏亿金环保科技有限公司 A kind of production technology using anaerobism biogas residue production solid organic fertilizer

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102633539B (en) Efficient bio-organic fertilizer and production process thereof
CN102718594B (en) Animal-waste-type organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN104803723A (en) Preparation process of ecological organic fertilizer
CN103264042A (en) Household garbage recycling method
CN102173955A (en) Organic rich-selenium bio-fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN105272401A (en) Device and process for producing organic fertilizers through quick fermentation of biomass waste
CN102617206A (en) Setting method for organic fertilizer production workshops and production method for organic fertilizer
CN101885626B (en) Mushroom waste and livestock manure compound fertilizer and production method thereof
CN104326773A (en) Technology for producing biological organic fertilizer
CN205590584U (en) Bio - organic fertilizer production line
CN103224417A (en) Biological organic fertilizer and production method thereof
CN103265343A (en) Method for treating domestic garbage by utilizing biotechnology
CN107935657A (en) A kind of cereal bio-organic fertilizer special and preparation method thereof
CN102180716A (en) Method for producing organic compound fertilizer by fermenting animal manure
CN201756511U (en) Fertilizer joint production device
CN107721470A (en) A kind of method that organic fertilizer is made by bio-waste
CN104150999B (en) Chicken manure organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN103694015A (en) Biological organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN108101714A (en) A kind of millet special bio charcoal base organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN106862240A (en) The innoxious damp and hot hydrolysis bio-conversion processes method of kitchen garbage
CN102020496B (en) Fertilizer joint production method and special device thereof
CN108503399A (en) A kind of efficient processing method for removing antibiotic in feces of livestock and poultry
CN104341189A (en) Preparation method of organic fertilizer
CN205076981U (en) Living beings rubbish is equipment of fermentation production fertilizer fast
CN101987800A (en) BB fertilizer production method and special device thereof

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C02 Deemed withdrawal of patent application after publication (patent law 2001)
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20150204