CN104289440B - Sorting mechanism and Lentinus Edodes separator - Google Patents

Sorting mechanism and Lentinus Edodes separator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104289440B
CN104289440B CN201410499819.7A CN201410499819A CN104289440B CN 104289440 B CN104289440 B CN 104289440B CN 201410499819 A CN201410499819 A CN 201410499819A CN 104289440 B CN104289440 B CN 104289440B
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sorting
backflow
discharging
base
transition piece
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CN104289440A (en
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黄守瑜
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SHANGNONG AGRICULTURE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY JIANGSU CO., LTD.
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黄守瑜
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Abstract

A kind of sorting mechanism, including sorting base, sorting motor, sorting conveyer, sorting transition piece, sorting cylinder, sorting push pedal, sorting sensor, air-supply part and slide unit.Sorting conveyer is placed on the rotating shaft of sorting motor, sorting transition piece is arranged at sorting base, and arrange near sorting conveyer, sorting cylinder is arranged at sorting base, sorting push pedal is connected with the telescopic end of sorting cylinder, sorting sensor and air-supply part are arranged at sorting base, and the air supply direction of air-supply part is perpendicular to the direction of transfer of sorting conveyer, and slide unit is arranged at sorting base and is positioned at the sorting conveyer side away from air-supply part.Above-mentioned sorting mechanism is by arranging sorting motor, sorting conveyer, sorting transition piece, sorting cylinder and sorting push pedal, and relatively conventional dependence manual type sorts, it is possible to improve the efficiency of separation, and it is damaged that Lentinus Edodes can be avoided to cause.Additionally, by arranging sorting sensor, air-supply part and slide unit, it is possible to improve sharpness of separation.

Description

Sorting mechanism and Lentinus Edodes separator
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of automation apparatus field, particularly relate to a kind of sorting mechanism and Lentinus Edodes separator.
Background technology
Lentinus Edodes have the title of " king of delicacy from mountain ", is high protein, low-fat nutritional health food, and lentinan can strengthen cell immunocompetent, thus the growth of anticancer, the fatty institute fatty acids in Lentinus Edodes, human body is reduced blood fat useful.
But, owing to new fresh mushroom is unfavorable for long-term preservation and long-distance transport, therefore it is generally carry out storage and transport again after fresh Lentinus Edodes is processed into dried thin mushroom.Owing to the Lentinus Edodes point order of magnitude on market is fixed a price.Therefore, businessman sells after being accomplished by the dried thin mushroom processed carries out in advance order of magnitude sorted and packaged, it is simple to classification divides valency to sell.
At present, the assorting room of dried thin mushroom fully relies on operator and carries out sorting operation manually, and this can cause that separation velocity is slow and easily causes the problem that Lentinus Edodes damages.Additionally, the size dimension that each operator support is held has certain difference, cause that the dried thin mushroom size sorted out is uneven, be unfavorable for accurate price, also can damage the interests of businessman simultaneously.
Such as, Chinese patent 201320298363.9 discloses a kind of dried thin mushroom separating sieve, specifically disclose and the utility model discloses a kind of dried thin mushroom separating sieve, it mainly includes frame, upper strata sieve plate, lower floor's sieve plate, drive motor, power transmission shaft and eccentric drive shaft, described drive motor, power transmission shaft and eccentric drive shaft are separately mounted in frame, and be in transmission connection successively, described upper strata sieve plate and lower floor's sieve plate are positioned at frame, its rear end is flexibly connected with eccentric drive shaft respectively, its front end is movably arranged in frame respectively through swing arm, the front end of described upper strata sieve plate and lower floor's sieve plate is also installed with discharge bucket respectively, what be positioned at lower screen plate in described frame is arranged below hopper, this utility model advantage is: not only separation velocity is fast, but also need not manually participate in, greatly reduce the cost of labor of sorting, sorting size controls uniformly, it is beneficial to market price.
And for example, Chinese patent 200910048249.9 discloses a kind of champignon arrangement machine, specifically discloses this present invention and has manufactured and designed a kind of champignon arrangement machine, and Lentinus Edodes, after arrangement machine, is all being unified mushroom and faced up, it is simple to sorting, thus improving the work efficiency of sorting.Row's mushroom machine mesh conveyor belt, after Lentinus Edodes falls, mushroom handle enters in eyelet, sets a baffle plate on the conveyor belt, and the mushroom that only mushroom handle enters in eyelet just can pass through.The mushroom flowed out faces up, and selects mushroom just to select with mushroom face.Conveyer belt runs to other end, divides into an inclined-plane at conveyer belt, is extruded by mushroom from mesh.
And for example, Chinese patent 200910048248.4 discloses a kind of mushroom classification winnowing machine, specifically discloses the present invention for a kind of mushroom classification winnowing machine, is divided into two parts: winnower and classifying screen.Winnower includes oscillating feeder and two, vertical selecting crude drugs with winnower room ingredient, after Lentinus Edodes enters oscillating feeder, under the effect of vibration, it is evenly distributed in the width direction, vertical selecting crude drugs with winnower room is fallen in stratiform, air-flow is uniformly across the bed of material, the light impurities such as dust are siphoned away, remove gently assorted material and enter classifying screen, classifying screen is vibrosieve, sieve nest has three layers compass screen surface, ground floor sieve aperture is Φ 6CM, second layer sieve aperture is Φ 4CM, third layer sieve aperture is Φ 2.5CM, Lentinus Edodes is divided into four kinds of sizes after classifying screen: big mushroom>6CM, middle mushroom 4-6CM, little mushroom 2.5-4CM, mushroom foot<2.5CM, big mushroom, middle mushroom and little mushroom respectively enter sorting line, sort again by flower pattern.
And for example, Chinese patent 201420062959.3 discloses a kind of Lentinus Edodes part selected from moving-wire, specifically discloses name of the present utility model and is called that a kind of Lentinus Edodes part is selected from moving-wire.Belong to Lentinus Edodes technical field of processing equipment.It mainly solves the sorting of existing Lentinus Edodes foot, and to there is single-set operation labor intensity big and can not the problem of continuous prodution.It is mainly characterized by comprising: include secondary vibration sieve, hairbrush de-burring machine, color selector, vibrations feeder, the first elevator, cyclopneumatic separator, metal detector, the second elevator, the first artificial sorting table, second hand sorting's platform, the 3rd elevator and the 4th elevator;Vibrations feeder, secondary vibration sieve, hairbrush de-burring machine, the first elevator, cyclopneumatic separator, metal detector, the second elevator, color selector input connect successively, and color selector connects with the first artificial sorting table and the 3rd elevator, second hand sorting's platform and the 4th elevator respectively.This utility model has efficiency of separation height, staffing is few, reduce the feature that the automaticity of labor intensity of operating staff is high, is mainly used in the automatic sorting of Lentinus Edodes foot.
But, the dried thin mushroom separating sieve of above-mentioned patent disclosure, champignon arrangement machine, mushroom classification winnowing machine and Lentinus Edodes part still can not solve the problems referred to above well selected from moving-wire.
Summary of the invention
Based on this, it is necessary to provide that a kind of efficiency of separation is higher, sharpness of separation is higher, Lentinus Edodes can be avoided to cause damaged sorting mechanism and Lentinus Edodes separator.
A kind of sorting mechanism, including sorting base, sorting motor, sorting conveyer, sorting transition piece, sorting cylinder, sorting push pedal, sorting sensor, air-supply part and slide unit;
Described sorting motor is fixedly installed on described sorting base, described sorting conveyer is placed on the rotating shaft of described sorting motor, described sorting transition piece is arranged at described sorting base, and arrange near described sorting conveyer, described sorting cylinder is arranged at described sorting base, described sorting push pedal is connected with the telescopic end of described sorting cylinder, described sorting sensor is arranged at described sorting base, described air-supply part is arranged at described sorting base, the air supply direction of described air-supply part is perpendicular to the direction of transfer of described sorting conveyer, described slide unit is arranged at described sorting base and is positioned at the described sorting conveyer side away from described air-supply part.
In one of them embodiment, also including installed part, described installed part is arranged at described sorting base, and described installed part has the installed surface of a vertical described sorting conveyer.
In one of them embodiment, described air-supply part is arranged on described installed surface.
In one of them embodiment, described air-supply part has an air intake vent and the air outlet connected with described air intake vent, and the bore of described air intake vent is less than the bore of described air outlet.
In one of them embodiment, the edge of described air outlet is arcuate structure.
In one of them embodiment, described air outlet has the cross section of an ellipse.
In one of them embodiment, described sorting sensor is arranged at described installed part and arranges near described air outlet.
In one of them embodiment, described slide unit includes slide unit body and limiting section, and described limiting section is vertically installed in described slide unit body.
In one of them embodiment, described air-supply part is several, and described sorting sensor is several, and described limiting section is several.
A kind of Lentinus Edodes separator, including arbitrary described sorting mechanism.
Above-mentioned sorting mechanism is by arranging sorting motor, sorting conveyer, sorting transition piece, sorting cylinder and sorting push pedal, and relatively conventional dependence manual type sorts, it is possible to improve the efficiency of separation, and it is damaged that Lentinus Edodes can be avoided to cause.Additionally, by arranging sorting sensor, air-supply part and slide unit, it is possible to improve sharpness of separation.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the Lentinus Edodes separator of an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 be the discharging mechanism shown in Fig. 1 structural representation;
Fig. 3 is the Fig. 2 enlarged drawing at A place;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the sorting mechanism shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the air-supply part shown in Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of another angle of the air-supply part shown in Fig. 5.
Detailed description of the invention
For the ease of understanding the present invention, below with reference to relevant drawings, the present invention is described more fully.Accompanying drawing gives the better embodiment of the present invention.But, the present invention can realize in many different forms, however it is not limited to embodiments described herein.On the contrary, provide the purpose of these embodiments be make the disclosure is understood more thorough comprehensively.
It should be noted that be referred to as " being fixed on " another element when element, it can directly on another element or can also there is element placed in the middle.When an element is considered as " connection " another element, it can be directly to another element or may be simultaneously present centering elements.For illustrative purposes only, being not offered as is unique embodiment for term as used herein " vertical ", " level ", "left", "right" and similar statement.
Unless otherwise defined, all of technology used herein is identical with the implication that the those skilled in the art belonging to the present invention are generally understood that with scientific terminology.The term used in the description of the invention herein is intended merely to the purpose describing specific embodiment, it is not intended that in the restriction present invention.Term as used herein " and/or " include the arbitrary and all of combination of one or more relevant Listed Items.
Referring to Fig. 1, Lentinus Edodes separator 10 includes workbench 100, the barrel 200 that shakes, sorting unit 300 and multiple put magazine 400, and the barrel 200 that shakes is arranged at sorting unit 300, puts magazine 400 and is arranged at sorting unit 300.When carrying out Lentinus Edodes sorting operation, being first placed on by Lentinus Edodes and shake in barrel 200, control sorting unit 300 drive afterwards is put magazine 400 and is moved, and the Lentinus Edodes that the accommodating barrel 200 that shakes falls out, and each puts the accommodating Lentinus Edodes of magazine;Control sorting unit 300 afterwards again to be sorted out by predetermined level by Lentinus Edodes.
For mobile working platform more easily, for instance, refer to Fig. 1, the bottom of workbench is provided with several universal wheels, so, when needs mobile working platform, utilizes the universal wheel can to the characteristic of arbitrarily angled rotation, it is possible to mobile working platform more easily.Such as universal wheel is four.
Refer to Fig. 1, sorting unit 300 includes discharging mechanism 500, sorting mechanism 600, slew gear 700 and backflow mechanism 800, discharging mechanism 500, sorting mechanism 600, slew gear 700 and backflow mechanism 800 may be contained within workbench 100, and discharging mechanism 500, sorting mechanism 600, slew gear 700 and backflow mechanism 800 are sequentially connected with, that is, Lentinus Edodes is first transported to sorting mechanism 600 by discharging mechanism 500, sorted by sorting mechanism 600 more afterwards, now, Lentinus Edodes separates with putting magazine 400, control slew gear 700 afterwards and backflow mechanism 800 will put magazine 400 transport and be back to discharging mechanism 500, complete the operation of a Lentinus Edodes sorting.
Referring to Fig. 2, discharging mechanism 500 includes discharging base 510, discharging motor 520, discharge belt 530, discharging transition piece 540, discharging cylinder 550, discharging push pedal 560, first sensor 570 and the second sensor 580.
Referring to Fig. 2, discharging base 510 is fixedly installed on workbench 100, and discharging motor 520 is arranged at discharging base 510, and discharge belt 530 is placed on the rotating shaft of discharging motor 520, and several are put magazine 400 and are positioned on discharge belt 530.Being appreciated that discharging motor 520 rotates can drive discharge belt 530 to move, so that discharge belt 530 can be transported to next station by falling to, from the barrel 200 that shakes, the Lentinus Edodes put in magazine 400.
Referring to Fig. 2, discharging transition piece 540 is arranged at discharging base 510, and arranges near the end of discharge belt 530, and discharging cylinder 550 is arranged at discharging transition piece 540, and discharging push pedal 560 is connected with the telescopic end of discharging cylinder 550.Being appreciated that the magazine 400 of putting equipped with Lentinus Edodes is transported to discharging transition piece 540 by discharge belt 530, discharging cylinder 550 drives discharging push pedal 560 to push the magazine 400 of putting being placed on discharging transition piece 540 to next station afterwards.Such as, the direction of transfer of discharge belt 530 is perpendicular to the telescopic direction of discharging cylinder 550, it is simple to discharging push pedal 560 is released better and put magazine 400.And for example, discharging transition piece 540 and discharge belt 530 be arranged in parallel, as such, it is possible to the magazine 400 of putting being easy to discharge belt 530 is transported to discharging transition piece 540, such that it is able to prevent from putting magazine 400 clamping stagnation at discharging transition piece 540 and discharge belt 530 link position place.
In order to identify that putting magazine 400 enters the situation of discharging transition piece 540 better, drive discharging push pedal 560 will put magazine 400 to push next station to controlling discharging cylinder 550, such as, refer to Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, first sensor 570 and the second sensor 580 are respectively arranged at the both sides of discharging transition piece 540, so, move on discharging transition piece 540 when putting magazine 400, first sensor 570 and the second sensor 580 can send signal, control discharging cylinder 550 accurately drives discharging push pedal 560 will put magazine 400 push to the next one station, so, can identify that putting magazine 400 enters the situation of discharging transition piece 540 better, drive discharging push pedal 560 will put magazine 400 to push next station to controlling discharging cylinder 550.And for example, first sensor 570 and the second sensor 580 lay respectively at the both sides of discharge belt 530.It is provided with interval between first sensor 570 and discharge belt 530, between the second sensor 580 and discharge belt 530, is provided with interval.
In order to install first sensor 570 and the second sensor 580 better, to improve accuracy of identification, for instance, refer to Fig. 3, discharging mechanism 500 also includes fixture 590, and fixture 590 is arranged at discharging base 510, and first sensor 570 is arranged at fixture 590 one end away from discharging base 510;And for example, the end of fixture 590 is extended installation portion 591 to side, and installation portion 591 is parallel to discharge belt 530, and first sensor 570 is arranged at installation portion 591;And for example, discharging mechanism 500 also includes installing plate 590a, and plate 590a installing plate is arranged at discharging base 510, and is located remotely from the side of discharge belt 530, and the second sensor 580 is arranged on installing plate 590a;And for example, the line of first sensor 570 and the second sensor 580 is perpendicular to discharge belt 530, so, first sensor 570 and the second sensor 580 can be installed better, and the motion being possible to prevent first sensor 570 and the opposed magazine 400 of the second sensor 580 produces interference, meanwhile, by optimizing the position relationship of first sensor 570 and the second sensor 580, it is possible to improve accuracy of identification.And for example, first sensor 570 is optical transmitting set, and the second sensor 580 is optical receiver.
Skid off from discharging transition piece 540 to prevent from putting magazine 400, the stationarity that magazine 400 moves on discharging transition piece 540 is put to improve, such as, refer to Fig. 3, two sides that discharging transition piece 540 is adjacent bend extended first discharging flanging 541 and the second discharging flanging 542 respectively, first discharging flanging 541 is arranged towards discharge belt 530, second discharging flanging 542 is arranged towards next station, so, restriction by the first discharging flanging 541 and the opposed magazine 400 of the second discharging flanging 542, can avoid putting magazine 400 under the effect of inertia, skid off from discharging transition piece 540.And for example, the telescopic end of discharging cylinder 550 is through the second discharging flanging 542, it is simple to discharging cylinder 550 drives discharging push pedal 560 will put magazine 400 to push next one station to better.
Above-mentioned discharging mechanism 500 is by arranging discharging motor 520, discharge belt 530, discharging transition piece 540, discharging cylinder 550 and discharging push pedal 560, relatively conventional dependence manual type sorts, the efficiency of separation can be improved, and it is damaged that Lentinus Edodes can be avoided to cause.Additionally, by arranging first sensor 570 and the second sensor 580, it is possible to improve sharpness of separation.
Referring to Fig. 4, sorting mechanism 600 includes sorting base 610, sorting motor 620, sorting conveyer 630, sorting transition piece 640, sorting cylinder 650, sorting push pedal 660, sorting sensor 670, air-supply part 680 and slide unit 690.
Referring to Fig. 4, sorting base 610 is arranged at workbench 100, and sorting motor 620 is fixedly installed on sorting base 610, and sorting conveyer 630 is placed on the rotating shaft of sorting motor 620, puts magazine 400 and is positioned over sorting conveyer 630.Being appreciated that sorting motor 620 rotates can drive sorting conveyer 630 to move, so that the magazine 400 of putting transported from discharging transition piece 540 can be transported to next station by sorting conveyer 630.
Refer to Fig. 4, sorting transition piece 640 is arranged at sorting base 610, and arrange near the end of sorting conveyer 630, sorting cylinder 650 is arranged at sorting base 610, sorting push pedal 660 is connected with the telescopic end of sorting cylinder 650, being appreciated that the magazine 400 of putting equipped with Lentinus Edodes is transported to sorting transition piece 640 by sorting conveyer 630, sorting cylinder 660 drives sorting push pedal 660 to push the magazine 400 of putting being placed on sorting transition piece 640 to next station afterwards.Such as, the direction of transfer of sorting conveyer 630 is perpendicular to the telescopic direction of sorting cylinder 660, it is simple to sorting push pedal 660 is released better and put magazine 400.And for example, sorting transition piece 640 be arranged in parallel with sorting conveyer 630, as such, it is possible to the magazine 400 of putting being easy to sorting conveyer 630 is transported to sorting transition piece 640, such that it is able to prevent from putting magazine 400 clamping stagnation at sorting transition piece 640 and sorting conveyer 630 link position place.
Refer to Fig. 4, sorting sensor 670 is arranged at sorting base 610, air-supply part 680 is arranged at sorting base 610, and the air supply direction of air-supply part 680 is perpendicular to the direction of transfer of sorting conveyer 630, and slide unit 690 is arranged at sorting base 610 and is positioned at the sorting conveyer 630 side away from air-supply part 680.It is appreciated that, magazine 400 of putting equipped with Lentinus Edodes is transported on sorting conveyer 630, sorting sensor 670 identifies the predetermined level of Lentinus Edodes, and send the predetermined level signal of described Lentinus Edodes, then controlling air-supply part 680 by the Lentinus Edodes blowout of each corresponding grade to slide unit 690, sorting conveyer 630 continues to transport vacant magazine 400 of putting to next station.Such as, air-supply part 680 is several, and sorting sensor 670 is several, the Lentinus Edodes of each air-supply part 680 and a sorting sensor 670 corresponding predetermined level respectively.Such as, some predetermined level are set by the size of Lentinus Edodes.And for example, by the weight of Lentinus Edodes, some predetermined level are set.
In order to prevent the Lentinus Edodes after sorting by predetermined level from again mixing, for instance, refer to Fig. 4, slide unit 690 includes slide unit body 691 and limiting section 692, limiting section 692 is vertically installed in slide unit body 691, and so, limiting section 691 is possible to prevent the Lentinus Edodes after sorting by predetermined level again to mix.And for example, air-supply part 680 is several, sorting sensor 670 is several, limiting section 692 is several, the Lentinus Edodes of each air-supply part 680 and a sorting sensor 670 corresponding predetermined level respectively, and the projection of air-supply part 680 and sorting sensor 670 is between every adjacent a pair limiting section 692, as such, it is possible to prevent the Lentinus Edodes after sorting by predetermined level from again mixing further.
Skid off from sorting transition piece 640 to prevent from putting magazine 400, magazine 400 stationarity of motion on sorting transition piece 640 is put to improve, such as, refer to Fig. 4, two sides that sorting transition piece 640 is adjacent bend extended first sorting flanging 641 and the second sorting flanging 642 respectively, first sorting flanging 641 is arranged towards sorting conveyer 630, second sorting flanging 642 is arranged towards next station, so, by the first restriction sorting flanging 641 and the second sorting opposed magazine 400 of flanging 642, can avoid putting magazine 400 under the effect of inertia, skid off from sorting transition piece 640.And for example, sort cylinder 660 telescopic end through second sorting flanging 642, it is simple to sorting cylinder 660 better drives sorting push pedal 660 will put magazine 400 push to the next one station.
In order to better the Lentinus Edodes classified by predetermined level be blown out to slide unit 690, and it is damaged to prevent Lentinus Edodes to be subject in blowout, such as, refer to Fig. 5 and Fig. 6, air-supply part 680 has an air intake vent 681 and the air outlet 682 connected with air intake vent 681, the bore of air intake vent 681 is less than the bore of air outlet 682, and for example, the edge of air outlet 682 is arcuate structure, and for example, air outlet 682 has the cross section of an ellipse, so, can so that air-supply part 680 wind gathering better, and thrust concentration effect air-supply produced is to Lentinus Edodes, so, better the Lentinus Edodes classified by predetermined level can be blown out to slide unit 690, and it is damaged to prevent Lentinus Edodes to be subject in blowout.
In order to install sorting sensor 670 and air-supply part 680 better, such as, referring to Fig. 4, sorting mechanism 600 also includes installed part 690a, installed part 690a and is arranged at sorting base 610, installed part 690a has the installed surface 691a of a vertical sorting conveyer 630, air-supply part 680 is arranged on installed surface 691a, and sorting sensor 670 is arranged on the installed surface 691a of installed part 690a, and arranges near air outlet 680, as such, it is possible to install sorting sensor 670 and air-supply part 680 better.
Above-mentioned sorting mechanism 600 is by arranging sorting motor 620, sorting conveyer 630, sorting transition piece 640, sorting cylinder 650 and sorting push pedal 660, relatively conventional dependence manual type sorts, the efficiency of separation can be improved, and it is damaged that Lentinus Edodes can be avoided to cause.Additionally, by arranging sorting sensor 670, air-supply part 680 and slide unit 690, it is possible to improve sharpness of separation.
Referring to Fig. 1, slew gear 700 includes rotary table 710, rotary motor 720, rotary conveyor 730, revolution transition piece 740, rotary cylinder 750 and revolution push pedal 760.
Referring to Fig. 1, rotary table 710 is fixedly installed on workbench 100, and rotary motor 720 is arranged at rotary table 710, and rotary conveyor 730 is placed on the rotating shaft of rotary motor 720, respectively puts magazine 400 and is positioned on rotary conveyor 730.Being appreciated that rotary motor 720 rotates can drive rotary conveyor 730 to move, so that the Lentinus Edodes put in magazine 400 transported from sorting transition piece 640 can be transported to next station by rotary conveyor 730.
Refer to Fig. 1, revolution transition piece 740 is arranged at rotary table 710, and arrange near the end of rotary conveyor 730, rotary cylinder 750 is arranged at rotary table 710, revolution push pedal 760 is connected with the telescopic end of rotary cylinder 750, being appreciated that vacant magazine 400 of putting is transported to revolution transition piece 740 by rotary conveyor 730, rotary cylinder 760 drives revolution push pedal 760 to push the magazine 400 of putting being placed on revolution transition piece 740 to next station afterwards.Such as, the direction of transfer of rotary conveyor 730 is perpendicular to the telescopic direction of rotary cylinder 760, it is simple to revolution push pedal 760 is released better and put magazine 400.And for example, revolution transition piece 740 be arranged in parallel with rotary conveyor 730, as such, it is possible to the magazine 400 of putting being easy to rotary conveyor 730 is transported to revolution transition piece 740, such that it is able to prevent from putting magazine 400 clamping stagnation at revolution transition piece 740 and rotary conveyor 730 link position place.
Skid off from described revolution transition piece to put magazine described in preventing, put, described in improving, the stationarity that magazine moves on described revolution transition piece, such as, two sides that described revolution transition piece is adjacent bend extended first revolution flanging and the second revolution flanging respectively, described first revolution flanging is arranged towards described rotary conveyor, described second revolution flanging is arranged towards next station, so, flanging and described second revolution flanging is turned round to the described restriction putting magazine by described first, magazine is put under the effect of inertia described in can avoiding, skid off from described revolution transition piece.And for example, the telescopic end of described rotary cylinder turns round flanging through described second, it is simple to described rotary cylinder drives described revolution push pedal to push described magazine of putting to next station better.
Referring to Fig. 1, backflow mechanism 800 includes backflow base 810, backflow motor 820, backflow conveyer belt 830, backflow transition piece 840, backflow cylinder 850 and backflow push pedal 860.
Referring to Fig. 1, backflow base 810 is fixedly installed on workbench 100, and backflow motor 820 is arranged at backflow base 810, and backflow conveyer belt 830 is placed on the rotating shaft of backflow motor 820, puts magazine 400 and is positioned on backflow conveyer belt 830.Being appreciated that backflow motor 820 rotates can drive backflow conveyer belt 830 to move, so that the Lentinus Edodes put in magazine 400 transported from revolution transition piece 740 can be transported to next station by backflow conveyer belt 830.
Refer to Fig. 1, backflow transition piece 840 is arranged at backflow base 810, and arrange near the end of backflow conveyer belt 830, backflow cylinder 850 is arranged at backflow base 810, backflow push pedal 860 is connected with the telescopic end of backflow cylinder 850, being appreciated that vacant magazine 400 of putting is transported to backflow transition piece 840 by the conveyer belt 830 that refluxes, backflow cylinder 860 drives backflow push pedal 860 to push the magazine 400 of putting being placed on backflow transition piece 840 to next station afterwards.Such as, the direction of transfer of backflow conveyer belt 830 is perpendicular to the telescopic direction of backflow cylinder 860, it is simple to backflow push pedal 860 is released better and put magazine 400.And for example, backflow transition piece 840 be arranged in parallel with backflow conveyer belt 830, as such, it is possible to the magazine 400 of putting being easy to backflow conveyer belt 830 is transported to backflow transition piece 840, such that it is able to prevent from putting magazine 400 clamping stagnation at backflow transition piece 840 and backflow conveyer belt 830 link position place.
Skid off from described backflow transition piece to put magazine described in preventing, put, described in improving, the stationarity that magazine moves on described backflow transition piece, such as, two sides that described backflow transition piece is adjacent bend extended first backflow flanging and the second backflow flanging respectively, described first backflow flanging is arranged towards described backflow conveyer belt, described second backflow flanging is arranged towards next station, so, reflux flanging to the described restriction putting magazine by described first backflow flanging and described second, magazine is put under the effect of inertia described in can avoiding, skid off from described backflow transition piece.And for example, the described second backflow flanging of the telescopic end traverse of described backflow cylinder, it is simple to described backflow cylinder drives described backflow push pedal to push described magazine of putting to next station better.
Transmit on described discharge belt, described sorting conveyer, described rotary conveyor and described backflow conveyer belt better to put magazine described in making, such as, discharge belt, sorting conveyer, rotary conveyor and backflow conveyer belt surround the cuboid structure of a closing;And for example, the direction of transfer of discharge belt, sorting conveyer, rotary conveyor and backflow conveyer belt is inverse or clockwise direction, and circulation connects;And for example, discharge belt, sorting conveyer, rotary conveyor and backflow conveyer belt are parallel to each other, transmit on described discharge belt, described sorting conveyer, described rotary conveyor and described backflow conveyer belt better as such, it is possible to put magazine described in making.
Above-mentioned sorting unit 300 is by arranging discharging mechanism 500, sorting mechanism 600, slew gear 700 and backflow mechanism 800, and relatively conventional dependence manual type sorts, it is possible to improve the efficiency of separation, and it is damaged that Lentinus Edodes can be avoided to cause.Additionally, by arranging sorting sensor 670, air-supply part 680 and slide unit 690, it is possible to improve sharpness of separation.
Referring to Fig. 1, the barrel 200 that shakes is arranged at described discharging base, and the barrel 200 that shakes has charging aperture (not shown) and discharge opening (not shown), and described discharge opening is arranged towards described discharge belt.Lentinus Edodes shakes in barrel 200 from the addition of described charging aperture.
Refer to Fig. 1, put magazine 400 and be arranged on described discharge belt, described sorting conveyer, described rotary conveyor and described backflow conveyer belt.
Above-mentioned Lentinus Edodes separator 10 is shaken barrel 200, sorting unit 300 and put magazine 400 by setting, and relatively conventional dependence manual type sorts, it is possible to improve the efficiency of separation, and it is damaged that Lentinus Edodes can be avoided to cause.Additionally, by arranging sorting sensor 670, air-supply part 680 and slide unit 690, it is possible to improve sharpness of separation.
Such as, the various embodiments described above be mutually combined the sorting mechanism formed and Lentinus Edodes separator.
The above embodiment only have expressed the several embodiments of the present invention, and it describes comparatively concrete and detailed, but therefore can not be interpreted as the restriction to the scope of the claims of the present invention.It should be pointed out that, for the person of ordinary skill of the art, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, it is also possible to making some deformation and improvement, these broadly fall into protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, the protection domain of patent of the present invention should be as the criterion with claims.

Claims (1)

1. a Lentinus Edodes separator, it is characterised in that include workbench, the barrel that shakes, sorting unit and put magazine, described in the barrel that shakes be arranged on described sorting unit, described in put magazine and be arranged on described sorting unit;
Described sorting unit includes discharging mechanism, sorting mechanism, slew gear and backflow mechanism, described discharging mechanism, described sorting mechanism, described slew gear and described backflow mechanism may be contained within described workbench, and described discharging mechanism, described sorting mechanism, described slew gear and described backflow mechanism are sequentially connected with;
Described discharging mechanism includes discharging base, discharging motor, discharge belt, discharging transition piece, discharging cylinder, discharging push pedal, first sensor and the second sensor, described discharging base is fixedly installed on described workbench, described discharging motor is arranged on described discharging base, described discharge belt is placed on the rotating shaft of described discharging motor, described discharging transition piece is arranged on described discharging base, and arrange near the end of described discharge belt, described discharging cylinder is arranged on described discharging transition piece, described discharging push pedal is connected with the telescopic end of described discharging cylinder, described first sensor and described second sensor are respectively arranged at the both sides of described discharging transition piece;
Described sorting mechanism includes sorting base, sorting motor, sorting conveyer, sorting transition piece, sorting cylinder, sorting push pedal, sorting sensor, air-supply part and slide unit, described sorting base is arranged on described workbench, described sorting motor is fixedly installed on described sorting base, described sorting conveyer is placed on the rotating shaft of described sorting motor, described sorting transition piece is arranged on described sorting base, and arrange near the end of described sorting conveyer, described sorting cylinder is arranged on described sorting base, described sorting push pedal is connected with the telescopic end of described sorting cylinder, described sorting sensor is arranged on described sorting base, described air-supply part is arranged on described sorting base, the air supply direction of described air-supply part is perpendicular to the direction of transfer of described sorting conveyer, described slide unit is arranged at described sorting base and is positioned at the described sorting conveyer side away from described air-supply part;
Wherein, described sorting mechanism also includes installed part, described installed part is arranged at described sorting base, described installed part has the installed surface of a vertical described sorting conveyer, described air-supply part is arranged on described installed surface, described air-supply part has an air intake vent and the air outlet connected with described air intake vent, the bore of described air intake vent is less than the bore of described air outlet, the edge of described air outlet is arcuate structure, described air outlet has the cross section of an ellipse, and described sorting sensor is arranged at described installed part and arranges near described air outlet;
Described slew gear includes rotary table, rotary motor, rotary conveyor, revolution transition piece, rotary cylinder and revolution push pedal, described rotary table is fixedly installed on described workbench, described rotary motor is arranged on described rotary table, described rotary conveyor is placed on the rotating shaft of described rotary motor, described revolution transition piece is arranged on described rotary table, and arrange near the end of described rotary conveyor, described rotary cylinder is arranged on described revolution transition piece, and described revolution push pedal is connected with the telescopic end of described rotary cylinder;
Described backflow mechanism includes backflow base, backflow motor, backflow conveyer belt, backflow transition piece, backflow cylinder and backflow push pedal, described backflow base is fixedly installed on described workbench, described backflow motor is arranged on described backflow base, described backflow conveyer belt is placed on the rotating shaft of described backflow motor, described backflow transition piece is arranged on described backflow base, and arrange near the end of described backflow conveyer belt, described backflow cylinder is arranged at described backflow transition piece, and described backflow push pedal is connected with the telescopic end of described backflow cylinder;
The described barrel that shakes is arranged on described discharging base, described in the barrel that shakes there is charging aperture and discharge opening, described discharge opening is arranged towards described discharge belt;
Described magazine of putting is arranged on described discharge belt, described sorting conveyer, described rotary conveyor and described backflow conveyer belt, puts magazine for housing a Lentinus Edodes described in each.
CN201410499819.7A 2014-09-25 2014-09-25 Sorting mechanism and Lentinus Edodes separator Active CN104289440B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
NL8701807A (en) * 1987-07-31 1989-02-16 Theo Anthony Maria Alofs Suction-separating mechanism for fibrous flock - has metal detector in front of transporter belt suction mechanism
JPH09206695A (en) * 1996-02-06 1997-08-12 Yamamoto Mfg Co Ltd Grain classifier
CN201583249U (en) * 2009-12-25 2010-09-15 岳睿 System for detecting part in same batch with same appearance
CN202655253U (en) * 2012-07-12 2013-01-09 淄博市华元医用材料有限公司 Device for identifying and removing unqualified combined cover product
CN203265095U (en) * 2013-05-30 2013-11-06 厦门华烟行信息科技有限公司 Automatic identifying and sorting system for fluorescent codes of cigarettes
CN203389868U (en) * 2013-08-09 2014-01-15 嘉兴市同信机电科技有限公司 Full-automatic measuring and grading device
CN203578228U (en) * 2013-12-06 2014-05-07 辽宁石化职业技术学院 Sorting device
CN203601639U (en) * 2014-03-20 2014-05-21 上海新亚药业闵行有限公司 Box feeding device for middle box packing machine
CN204276352U (en) * 2014-09-25 2015-04-22 黄守瑜 Sorting mechanism and mushroom separator

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
NL8701807A (en) * 1987-07-31 1989-02-16 Theo Anthony Maria Alofs Suction-separating mechanism for fibrous flock - has metal detector in front of transporter belt suction mechanism
JPH09206695A (en) * 1996-02-06 1997-08-12 Yamamoto Mfg Co Ltd Grain classifier
CN201583249U (en) * 2009-12-25 2010-09-15 岳睿 System for detecting part in same batch with same appearance
CN202655253U (en) * 2012-07-12 2013-01-09 淄博市华元医用材料有限公司 Device for identifying and removing unqualified combined cover product
CN203265095U (en) * 2013-05-30 2013-11-06 厦门华烟行信息科技有限公司 Automatic identifying and sorting system for fluorescent codes of cigarettes
CN203389868U (en) * 2013-08-09 2014-01-15 嘉兴市同信机电科技有限公司 Full-automatic measuring and grading device
CN203578228U (en) * 2013-12-06 2014-05-07 辽宁石化职业技术学院 Sorting device
CN203601639U (en) * 2014-03-20 2014-05-21 上海新亚药业闵行有限公司 Box feeding device for middle box packing machine
CN204276352U (en) * 2014-09-25 2015-04-22 黄守瑜 Sorting mechanism and mushroom separator

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