CN204276353U - Sorting unit and mushroom separator - Google Patents

Sorting unit and mushroom separator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204276353U
CN204276353U CN201420557350.3U CN201420557350U CN204276353U CN 204276353 U CN204276353 U CN 204276353U CN 201420557350 U CN201420557350 U CN 201420557350U CN 204276353 U CN204276353 U CN 204276353U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sorting
backflow
discharging
transition piece
flanging
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CN201420557350.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄守瑜
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黄守瑜
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Priority to CN201420557350.3U priority Critical patent/CN204276353U/en
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Publication of CN204276353U publication Critical patent/CN204276353U/en

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Abstract

A kind of sorting unit, comprise discharging mechanism, sorting mechanism, slew gear and backflow mechanism, discharging mechanism, sorting mechanism, slew gear and backflow mechanism are all arranged at workbench, and discharging mechanism, sorting mechanism, slew gear and backflow mechanism connect successively.Above-mentioned sorting unit is by arranging discharging mechanism, sorting mechanism, slew gear and backflow mechanism, and tradition relies on manual type to carry out sorting relatively, can improve the efficiency of separation, and it is damaged that mushroom can be avoided to cause.In addition, by arranging sorting sensor, air-supply part and slide unit, sharpness of separation can be improved.

Description

Sorting unit and mushroom separator
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of automation apparatus field, particularly relates to a kind of sorting unit and mushroom separator.
Background technology
The title that mushroom have " king of mountain delicacy ", be high protein, low-fat nutritional health food, lentinan can strengthen cell immunocompetent, thus the growth of inhibition cancer cell, the fatty institute fatty acids in mushroom, reduces blood fat to human body useful.
But, because new fresh mushroom is unfavorable for long-term preservation and long-distance transport, be therefore generally carry out storage and transport again after fresh mushroom is processed into dried thin mushroom.Because point order of magnitude of the mushroom on market is fixed a price.Therefore, businessman sells after needing in advance the dried thin mushroom processed to be carried out order of magnitude sorted and packaged, is convenient to point fraction valency and sells.
At present, the assorting room of dried thin mushroom relies on operating personnel to carry out a point selection operation to manually completely, and this can cause the problem that separation velocity is slow and easily cause mushroom to damage.In addition, each operating personnel support the size dimension held certain difference, causes the dried thin mushroom size that sorts out uneven, is unfavorable for accurate price, also can damage the interests of businessman simultaneously.
Such as, Chinese patent 201320298363.9 discloses a kind of dried thin mushroom separating sieve, specifically disclose and the utility model discloses a kind of dried thin mushroom separating sieve, it mainly includes frame, upper strata sieve plate, lower floor's sieve plate, drive motors, power transmission shaft and eccentric drive shaft, described drive motors, power transmission shaft and eccentric drive shaft are arranged in frame respectively, and be in transmission connection successively, described upper strata sieve plate and lower floor's sieve plate are positioned at frame, its rear end is flexibly connected with eccentric drive shaft respectively, its front end is movably arranged in frame respectively by swing arm, the front end of described upper strata sieve plate and lower floor's sieve plate is also installed with discharge bucket respectively, the below described frame being positioned at lower screen plate is provided with hopper, the utility model advantage is: not only separation velocity is fast, but also do not need artificial participation, greatly reduce the cost of labor of sorting, sorting size controls evenly, be beneficial to market price.
And for example, Chinese patent 200910048249.9 discloses a kind of champignon arrangement machine, specifically discloses this present invention and has manufactured and designed a kind of champignon arrangement machine, and mushroom, after arrangement machine, is all unified mushroom and faced up, be convenient to sorting, thus improves the operating efficiency of sorting.Row mushroom machine mesh conveyor belt, after mushroom falls, mushroom handle enters in eyelet, establishes a baffle plate on the conveyor belt, and the mushroom only having mushroom handle to enter in eyelet just can pass through.The mushroom flowed out faces up, and selects mushroom just to select with mushroom face.Conveyer belt runs to other end, divides into an inclined-plane, extruded by mushroom from mesh at conveyer belt.
And for example, Chinese patent 200910048248.4 discloses a kind of mushroom classification winnowing machine, and specifically disclosing the present invention is a kind of mushroom classification winnowing machine, is divided into two parts: winnowing machine and classifying screen.Winnowing machine involving vibrations feeder and two, vertical selection by winnowing room part, after mushroom enters oscillating feeder, under the effect of vibration, be evenly distributed in the width direction, vertical selection by winnowing room is fallen in stratiform, uniform stream is through the bed of material, the light impurities such as dust are siphoned away, the light assorted material of removing enters classifying screen, classifying screen is vibratory sieve, sieve nest has three layers of compass screen surface, ground floor sieve aperture is Φ 6CM, second layer sieve aperture is Φ 4CM, third layer sieve aperture is Φ 2.5CM, mushroom is divided into four kinds of sizes after classifying screen: large mushroom >6CM, middle mushroom 4-6CM, little mushroom 2.5-4CM, mushroom pin <2.5CM, large mushroom, middle mushroom and little mushroom enter sorting line respectively, sorting is carried out again by flower pattern.
And for example, Chinese patent 201420062959.3 discloses a kind of mushroom part and is selected from moving-wire, specifically discloses name of the present utility model and is called that a kind of mushroom part is selected from moving-wire.Belong to mushroom technical field of processing equipment.It mainly solves the sorting of existing mushroom pin, and to there is single-set operation labour intensity large and can not the problem of continuous prodution.Its principal character is: comprise secondary vibration sieve, hairbrush de-burring machine, color selector, vibrations feeder, the first elevator, cyclopneumatic separator, metal detector, the second elevator, the first artificial sorting table, second hand sorting's platform, the 3rd elevator and the 4th elevator; Vibrations feeder, secondary vibration sieve, hairbrush de-burring machine, the first elevator, cyclopneumatic separator, metal detector, the second elevator, color selector input connect successively, and color selector respectively sorting table artificial with first and the 3rd elevator, second hand sorting's platform and the 4th elevator connects.The utility model has the advantages that the efficiency of separation is high, staffing is few, the automaticity of reduction labor intensity of operating staff is high, is mainly used in the automatic sorting of mushroom pin.
But dried thin mushroom separating sieve, champignon arrangement machine, mushroom classification winnowing machine and mushroom part disclosed in above-mentioned patent are selected from moving-wire and still can not solve the problem well.
Utility model content
Based on this, be necessary to provide that a kind of efficiency of separation is higher, sharpness of separation is higher, mushroom can be avoided to cause damaged sorting unit and mushroom separator.
A kind of sorting unit, comprise discharging mechanism, sorting mechanism, slew gear and backflow mechanism, described discharging mechanism, described sorting mechanism, described slew gear and described backflow mechanism are all arranged at described workbench, and described discharging mechanism, described sorting mechanism, described slew gear and described backflow mechanism connect successively;
Described discharging mechanism comprises discharging base, discharging motor, discharge belt, discharging transition piece, discharging cylinder, discharging push pedal, first sensor and the second sensor, described discharging motor is arranged at described discharging base, described discharge belt is placed on the rotating shaft of described discharging motor, described discharging transition piece is arranged at described discharging base, and arrange near the end of described discharge belt, described discharging cylinder is arranged at described discharging transition piece, described discharging push pedal is connected with the telescopic end of described discharging cylinder, described first sensor and described second sensor are arranged at the both sides of described discharging transition piece respectively,
Described sorting mechanism comprises sorting base, sorting motor, sorting conveyer, sorting transition piece, sorting cylinder, sorting push pedal, sorting sensor, air-supply part and slide unit, described sorting base is arranged at described workbench, described sorting motor is fixedly installed on described sorting base, described sorting conveyer is placed on the rotating shaft of described sorting motor, described sorting transition piece is arranged at described sorting base, and arrange near described sorting conveyer, described sorting cylinder is arranged at described sorting base, described sorting push pedal is connected with the telescopic end of described sorting cylinder, described sorting sensor setting is in described sorting base, described air-supply part is arranged at described sorting base, the air supply direction of described air-supply part is perpendicular to the direction of transfer of described sorting conveyer, described slide unit is arranged at described sorting base and is positioned at the side of described sorting conveyer away from described air-supply part,
Described slew gear comprises rotary table, rotary motor, rotary conveyor, revolution transition piece, rotary cylinder and revolution push pedal, described rotary table is fixedly installed on described workbench, described rotary motor is arranged at described rotary table, described rotary conveyor is placed on the rotating shaft of described rotary motor, described revolution transition piece is arranged at described rotary table, and arrange near the end of described rotary conveyor, described rotary cylinder is arranged at described revolution transition piece, and described revolution push pedal is connected with the telescopic end of described rotary cylinder;
Described backflow mechanism comprises backflow base, backflow motor, backflow conveyer belt, backflow transition piece, backflow cylinder and backflow push pedal, described backflow base is fixedly installed on described workbench, described backflow motor is arranged at described backflow base, described backflow conveyer belt is placed on the rotating shaft of described backflow motor, described backflow transition piece is arranged at described backflow base, and arrange near the end of described backflow conveyer belt, described backflow cylinder is arranged at described backflow transition piece, and described backflow push pedal is connected with the telescopic end of described backflow cylinder.
In one of them embodiment, two sides that described discharging transition piece is adjacent bend extended first discharging flanging and the second discharging flanging respectively, described first discharging flanging is arranged towards described discharge belt, and described second discharging flanging is arranged towards described sorting conveyer.
In one of them embodiment, two sides that described sorting transition piece is adjacent bend extended first sorting flanging and the second sorting flanging respectively, described first sorting flanging is arranged towards described sorting conveyer, and described second discharging flanging is arranged towards described rotary conveyor.
In one of them embodiment, two sides that described revolution transition piece is adjacent bend extended first revolution flanging and the second revolution flanging respectively, described first revolution flanging is arranged towards described rotary conveyor, and described second revolution flanging is arranged towards described backflow conveyer belt.
In one of them embodiment, two sides that described backflow transition piece is adjacent bend extended first backflow flanging and the second backflow flanging respectively, described first backflow flanging is arranged towards described backflow conveyer belt, and described second backflow flanging is arranged towards described discharge belt.
In one of them embodiment, described discharge belt, described sorting conveyer, described rotary conveyor and described backflow conveyer belt surround a cuboid structure closed.
In one of them embodiment, the direction of transfer of described discharge belt, described sorting conveyer, described rotary conveyor and described backflow conveyer belt is inverse or clockwise direction, and circulation connects.
In one of them embodiment, described discharge belt, described sorting conveyer, described rotary conveyor and described backflow conveyer belt surround a cuboid structure closed.
In one of them embodiment, described discharge belt, described sorting conveyer, rotary conveyor and backflow conveyer belt are parallel to each other.
A kind of mushroom separator, comprises arbitrary described sorting unit.
Above-mentioned sorting unit is by arranging discharging mechanism, sorting mechanism, slew gear and backflow mechanism, and tradition relies on manual type to carry out sorting relatively, can improve the efficiency of separation, and it is damaged that mushroom can be avoided to cause.In addition, by arranging sorting sensor, air-supply part and slide unit, sharpness of separation can be improved.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the mushroom separator of the utility model one embodiment;
The structural representation that Fig. 2 is the discharging mechanism shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the enlarged drawing of Fig. 2 at A place;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the sorting mechanism shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the air-supply part shown in Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of another angle of the air-supply part shown in Fig. 5.
Detailed description of the invention
For the ease of understanding the utility model, below with reference to relevant drawings, the utility model is described more fully.Better embodiment of the present utility model is given in accompanying drawing.But the utility model can realize in many different forms, is not limited to embodiment described herein.On the contrary, provide the object of these embodiments be make to disclosure of the present utility model understand more thorough comprehensively.
It should be noted that, when element is called as " being fixed on " another element, directly can there is element placed in the middle in it on another element or also.When an element is considered to " connection " another element, it can be directly connected to another element or may there is centering elements simultaneously.Term as used herein " vertical ", " level ", "left", "right" and similar statement just for illustrative purposes, do not represent it is unique embodiment.
Unless otherwise defined, all technology used herein and scientific terminology are identical with belonging to the implication that those skilled in the art of the present utility model understand usually.The object of the term used in description of the present utility model herein just in order to describe concrete embodiment, is not intended to be restriction the utility model.Term as used herein " and/or " comprise arbitrary and all combinations of one or more relevant Listed Items.
Refer to Fig. 1, mushroom separator 10 comprise workbench 100, the barrel 200 that shakes, sorting unit 300 and multiplely put magazine 400, the barrel 200 that shakes is arranged at sorting unit 300, puts magazine 400 and is arranged at sorting unit 300.When carrying out mushroom and dividing selection operation, be first placed on by mushroom and shake in barrel 200, control sorting unit 300 drive is afterwards put magazine 400 and is moved, and the mushroom that the accommodating barrel 200 that shakes drops out, each puts the accommodating mushroom of magazine; Control sorting unit 300 afterwards again mushroom is sorted out by predetermined level.
In order to travelling table more easily, such as, refer to Fig. 1, the bottom of workbench is provided with several universal wheels, like this, when needs travelling table, utilizes universal wheel can to the characteristic of arbitrarily angled rotation, can travelling table more easily.Such as universal wheel is four.
Refer to Fig. 1, sorting unit 300 comprises discharging mechanism 500, sorting mechanism 600, slew gear 700 and backflow mechanism 800, discharging mechanism 500, sorting mechanism 600, slew gear 700 and backflow mechanism 800 are all arranged at workbench 100, and discharging mechanism 500, sorting mechanism 600, slew gear 700 and backflow mechanism 800 connect successively, that is, mushroom is first transported to sorting mechanism 600 by discharging mechanism 500, sorting is carried out again afterwards by sorting mechanism 600, now, mushroom with put magazine 400 and be separated, control slew gear 700 and backflow mechanism 800 will put magazine 400 transport and be back to discharging mechanism 500 afterwards, complete the operation of a mushroom sorting.
Refer to Fig. 2, discharging mechanism 500 comprises discharging base 510, discharging motor 520, discharge belt 530, discharging transition piece 540, discharging cylinder 550, discharging push pedal 560, first sensor 570 and the second sensor 580.
Refer to Fig. 2, discharging base 510 is fixedly installed on workbench 100, and discharging motor 520 is arranged at discharging base 510, and discharge belt 530 is placed on the rotating shaft of discharging motor 520, and several are put magazine 400 and are positioned on discharge belt 530.Being appreciated that discharging motor 520 rotates can drive discharge belt 530 to move, thus makes discharge belt 530 can be transported to next station by falling to from the barrel 200 that shakes the mushroom put in magazine 400.
Refer to Fig. 2, discharging transition piece 540 is arranged at discharging base 510, and arranges near the end of discharge belt 530, and discharging cylinder 550 is arranged at discharging transition piece 540, and discharging push pedal 560 is connected with the telescopic end of discharging cylinder 550.Be appreciated that the magazine 400 of putting that mushroom is housed is transported to discharging transition piece 540 by discharge belt 530, discharging cylinder 550 drives discharging push pedal 560 to push the magazine 400 of putting be placed on discharging transition piece 540 to next station afterwards.Such as, the direction of transfer of discharge belt 530, perpendicular to the telescopic direction of discharging cylinder 550, is convenient to discharging push pedal 560 and is released better and put magazine 400.And for example, discharging transition piece 540 and discharge belt 530 be arranged in parallel, like this, can so that the magazine 400 of putting of discharge belt 530 is transported to discharging transition piece 540, thus can prevent from putting magazine 400 clamping stagnation at discharging transition piece 540 and discharge belt 530 link position place.
The situation that magazine 400 enters discharging transition piece 540 is put in order to identify better, drive discharging push pedal 560 will put magazine 400 to push next station to control discharging cylinder 550, such as, refer to Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, first sensor 570 and the second sensor 580 are arranged at the both sides of discharging transition piece 540 respectively, like this, move on discharging transition piece 540 when putting magazine 400, first sensor 570 and the second sensor 580 can send signal, control discharging cylinder 550 accurately drives discharging push pedal 560 will put magazine 400 and pushes next station to, like this, can identify better and put the situation that magazine 400 enters discharging transition piece 540, drive discharging push pedal 560 will put magazine 400 to push next station to control discharging cylinder 550.And for example, first sensor 570 and the second sensor 580 lay respectively at the both sides of discharge belt 530.Be provided with interval between first sensor 570 and discharge belt 530, between the second sensor 580 and discharge belt 530, be provided with interval.
In order to install first sensor 570 and the second sensor 580 better, to improve accuracy of identification, such as, refer to Fig. 3, discharging mechanism 500 also comprises fixture 590, fixture 590 is arranged at discharging base 510, and first sensor 570 is arranged at fixture 590 one end away from discharging base 510; And for example, the end of fixture 590 is extended installation portion 591 to side, and installation portion 591 is parallel to discharge belt 530, and first sensor 570 is arranged at installation portion 591; And for example, discharging mechanism 500 also comprises installing plate 590a, and plate 590a installing plate is arranged at discharging base 510, and is positioned at the side away from discharge belt 530, and the second sensor 580 is arranged on installing plate 590a; And for example, the line of first sensor 570 and the second sensor 580 is perpendicular to discharge belt 530, like this, first sensor 570 and the second sensor 580 can be installed better, and can prevent the motion of first sensor 570 and the opposed magazine 400 of the second sensor 580 from producing interference, meanwhile, by optimizing the position relationship of first sensor 570 and the second sensor 580, accuracy of identification can be improved.And for example, first sensor 570 is optical transmitting set, and the second sensor 580 is optical receiver.
Skid off from discharging transition piece 540 to prevent putting magazine 400, to improve the stationarity of putting magazine 400 and moving on discharging transition piece 540, such as, refer to Fig. 3, two sides that discharging transition piece 540 is adjacent bend extended first discharging flanging 541 and the second discharging flanging 542 respectively, first discharging flanging 541 is arranged towards discharge belt 530, second discharging flanging 542 is arranged towards next station, like this, by the restriction of the first discharging flanging 541 and the opposed magazine 400 of the second discharging flanging 542, can avoid putting magazine 400 under the effect of inertia, skid off from discharging transition piece 540.And for example, the telescopic end of discharging cylinder 550, through the second discharging flanging 542, is convenient to discharging cylinder 550 and is driven discharging push pedal 560 will put magazine 400 better to push next station to.
Above-mentioned discharging mechanism 500 is by arranging discharging motor 520, discharge belt 530, discharging transition piece 540, discharging cylinder 550 and discharging push pedal 560, tradition relies on manual type to carry out sorting relatively, the efficiency of separation can be improved, and it is damaged that mushroom can be avoided to cause.In addition, by arranging first sensor 570 and the second sensor 580, sharpness of separation can be improved.
Refer to Fig. 4, sorting mechanism 600 comprises sorting base 610, sorting motor 620, sorting conveyer 630, sorting transition piece 640, sorting cylinder 650, sorting push pedal 660, sorting sensor 670, air-supply part 680 and slide unit 690.
Refer to Fig. 4, sorting base 610 is arranged at workbench 100, and sorting motor 620 is fixedly installed on sorting base 610, and sorting conveyer 630 is placed on the rotating shaft of sorting motor 620, puts magazine 400 and is positioned over sorting conveyer 630.Being appreciated that sorting motor 620 rotates can drive sorting conveyer 630 to move, thus makes sorting conveyer 630 magazine 400 of putting transported from discharging transition piece 540 can be transported to next station.
Refer to Fig. 4, sorting transition piece 640 is arranged at sorting base 610, and arrange near the end of sorting conveyer 630, sorting cylinder 650 is arranged at sorting base 610, sorting push pedal 660 is connected with the telescopic end of sorting cylinder 650, be appreciated that the magazine 400 of putting that mushroom is housed is transported to sorting transition piece 640 by sorting conveyer 630, sorting cylinder 660 drives sorting push pedal 660 to push the magazine 400 of putting be placed on sorting transition piece 640 to next station afterwards.Such as, the direction of transfer of sorting conveyer 630, perpendicular to the telescopic direction of sorting cylinder 660, is convenient to sorting push pedal 660 and is released better and put magazine 400.And for example, sorting transition piece 640 and sorting conveyer 630 be arranged in parallel, like this, can so that the magazine 400 of putting of sorting conveyer 630 is transported to sorting transition piece 640, thus can prevent from putting magazine 400 clamping stagnation at sorting transition piece 640 and sorting conveyer 630 link position place.
Refer to Fig. 4, sorting sensor 670 is arranged at sorting base 610, air-supply part 680 is arranged at sorting base 610, the air supply direction of air-supply part 680 is perpendicular to the direction of transfer of sorting conveyer 630, and slide unit 690 is arranged at sorting base 610 and is positioned at the side of sorting conveyer 630 away from air-supply part 680.Be appreciated that, the magazine 400 of putting that mushroom is housed is transported on sorting conveyer 630, sorting sensor 670 identifies the predetermined level of mushroom, and send the predetermined level signal of described mushroom, then control air-supply part 680 by the blowout of the mushroom of each corresponding grade to slide unit 690, what sorting conveyer 630 continuation transport was vacant puts magazine 400 to next station.Such as, air-supply part 680 is several, and sorting sensor 670 is several, the mushroom of each air-supply part 680 and the corresponding predetermined level of sorting sensor 670 difference.Such as, some predetermined level are set by the size of mushroom.And for example, by the weight of mushroom, some predetermined level are set.
In order to prevent the mushroom after by predetermined level sorting from again mixing, such as, refer to Fig. 4, slide unit 690 comprises slide unit body 691 and limiting section 692, limiting section 692 is vertically installed in slide unit body 691, and like this, limiting section 691 can prevent the mushroom after by predetermined level sorting from again mixing.And for example, air-supply part 680 is several, sorting sensor 670 is several, limiting section 692 is several, the mushroom of each air-supply part 680 and the corresponding predetermined level of sorting sensor 670 difference, and the projection of air-supply part 680 and sorting sensor 670 is between every a pair adjacent limiting section 692, like this, can prevent the mushroom after by predetermined level sorting from again mixing further.
Skid off from sorting transition piece 640 to prevent putting magazine 400, to improve the stationarity of putting magazine 400 and moving on sorting transition piece 640, such as, refer to Fig. 4, two sides that sorting transition piece 640 is adjacent bend extended first sorting flanging 641 and the second sorting flanging 642 respectively, first sorting flanging 641 is arranged towards sorting conveyer 630, second sorting flanging 642 is arranged towards next station, like this, by the restriction of the first sorting flanging 641 and the opposed magazine 400 of the second sorting flanging 642, can avoid putting magazine 400 under the effect of inertia, skid off from sorting transition piece 640.And for example, the telescopic end of sorting cylinder 660, through the second sorting flanging 642, is convenient to sorting cylinder 660 and is driven sorting push pedal 660 will put magazine 400 better to push next station to.
In order to better the mushroom by predetermined level classification be blown out to slide unit 690, and it is damaged to prevent mushroom to be subject in blowout, such as, refer to Fig. 5 and Fig. 6, the air outlet 682 that air-supply part 680 has an air intake vent 681 and is communicated with air intake vent 681, the bore of air intake vent 681 is less than the bore of air outlet 682, and for example, the edge of air outlet 682 is arcuate structure, and for example, air outlet 682 has the cross section of an ellipse, like this, the wind gathering better of air-supply part 680 can be made, and thrust air-supply produced concentrates effect on mushroom, like this, better the mushroom by predetermined level classification can be blown out to slide unit 690, and it is damaged to prevent mushroom to be subject in blowout.
In order to install sorting sensor 670 and air-supply part 680 better, such as, refer to Fig. 4, sorting mechanism 600 also comprises installed part 690a, and installed part 690a is arranged at sorting base 610, installed part 690a has the installed surface 691a of a vertical sorting conveyer 630, air-supply part 680 is arranged on installed surface 691a, and sorting sensor 670 is arranged on the installed surface 691a of installed part 690a, and arranges near air outlet 680, like this, sorting sensor 670 and air-supply part 680 can be installed better.
Above-mentioned sorting mechanism 600 is by arranging sorting motor 620, sorting conveyer 630, sorting transition piece 640, sorting cylinder 650 and sorting push pedal 660, tradition relies on manual type to carry out sorting relatively, the efficiency of separation can be improved, and it is damaged that mushroom can be avoided to cause.In addition, by arranging sorting sensor 670, air-supply part 680 and slide unit 690, sharpness of separation can be improved.
Refer to Fig. 1, slew gear 700 comprises rotary table 710, rotary motor 720, rotary conveyor 730, revolution transition piece 740, rotary cylinder 750 and revolution push pedal 760.
Refer to Fig. 1, rotary table 710 is fixedly installed on workbench 100, and rotary motor 720 is arranged at rotary table 710, and rotary conveyor 730 is placed on the rotating shaft of rotary motor 720, respectively puts magazine 400 and is positioned on rotary conveyor 730.Being appreciated that rotary motor 720 rotates can drive rotary conveyor 730 to move, thus makes rotary conveyor 730 mushroom put in magazine 400 transported from sorting transition piece 640 can be transported to next station.
Refer to Fig. 1, revolution transition piece 740 is arranged at rotary table 710, and arrange near the end of rotary conveyor 730, rotary cylinder 750 is arranged at rotary table 710, revolution push pedal 760 is connected with the telescopic end of rotary cylinder 750, be appreciated that vacant magazine 400 of putting is transported to revolution transition piece 740 by rotary conveyor 730, rotary cylinder 760 drives revolution push pedal 760 to push the magazine 400 of putting be placed on revolution transition piece 740 to next station afterwards.Such as, the direction of transfer of rotary conveyor 730, perpendicular to the telescopic direction of rotary cylinder 760, is convenient to revolution push pedal 760 and is released better and put magazine 400.And for example, revolution transition piece 740 be arranged in parallel with rotary conveyor 730, like this, can so that the magazine 400 of putting of rotary conveyor 730 is transported to revolution transition piece 740, thus can prevent from putting magazine 400 clamping stagnation at revolution transition piece 740 and rotary conveyor 730 link position place.
Skid off from described revolution transition piece to put magazine described in preventing, to put the stationarity that magazine moves on described revolution transition piece described in improving, such as, two sides that described revolution transition piece is adjacent bend extended first revolution flanging and the second revolution flanging respectively, described first revolution flanging is arranged towards described rotary conveyor, described second revolution flanging is arranged towards next station, like this, flanging is turned round to described restriction of putting magazine by described first revolution flanging and described second, magazine is put under the effect of inertia described in can avoiding, skid off from described revolution transition piece.And for example, the telescopic end of described rotary cylinder, through described second revolution flanging, is convenient to described rotary cylinder and is driven described revolution push pedal to push described magazine of putting to next station better.
Refer to Fig. 1, backflow mechanism 800 comprises backflow base 810, backflow motor 820, backflow conveyer belt 830, backflow transition piece 840, backflow cylinder 850 and backflow push pedal 860.
Refer to Fig. 1, backflow base 810 is fixedly installed on workbench 100, and backflow motor 820 is arranged at backflow base 810, and backflow conveyer belt 830 is placed on the rotating shaft of backflow motor 820, puts magazine 400 and is positioned on backflow conveyer belt 830.Being appreciated that backflow motor 820 rotates can drive backflow conveyer belt 830 to move, thus makes backflow conveyer belt 830 mushroom put in magazine 400 transported from revolution transition piece 740 can be transported to next station.
Refer to Fig. 1, backflow transition piece 840 is arranged at backflow base 810, and arrange near the end of backflow conveyer belt 830, backflow cylinder 850 is arranged at backflow base 810, backflow push pedal 860 is connected with the telescopic end of backflow cylinder 850, be appreciated that vacant magazine 400 of putting is transported to backflow transition piece 840 by backflow conveyer belt 830, the cylinder 860 that refluxes afterwards drives backflow push pedal 860 to push the magazine 400 of putting be placed on backflow transition piece 840 to next station.Such as, the direction of transfer of backflow conveyer belt 830, perpendicular to the telescopic direction of backflow cylinder 860, is convenient to backflow push pedal 860 and is released better and put magazine 400.And for example, backflow transition piece 840 be arranged in parallel with backflow conveyer belt 830, like this, can so that the magazine 400 of putting of backflow conveyer belt 830 is transported to backflow transition piece 840, thus can prevent from putting magazine 400 clamping stagnation at backflow transition piece 840 and backflow conveyer belt 830 link position place.
Skid off from described backflow transition piece to put magazine described in preventing, to put the stationarity that magazine moves on described backflow transition piece described in improving, such as, two sides that described backflow transition piece is adjacent bend extended first backflow flanging and the second backflow flanging respectively, described first backflow flanging is arranged towards described backflow conveyer belt, described second backflow flanging is arranged towards next station, like this, reflux flanging to described restriction of putting magazine by described first backflow flanging and described second, magazine is put under the effect of inertia described in can avoiding, skid off from described backflow transition piece.And for example, the telescopic end of described backflow cylinder, through described second backflow flanging, is convenient to described backflow cylinder and is driven described backflow push pedal to push described magazine of putting to next station better.
Transmit on described discharge belt, described sorting conveyer, described rotary conveyor and described backflow conveyer belt better to put magazine described in making, such as, discharge belt, sorting conveyer, rotary conveyor and backflow conveyer belt surround a cuboid structure closed; And for example, the direction of transfer of discharge belt, sorting conveyer, rotary conveyor and backflow conveyer belt is inverse or clockwise direction, and circulation connects; And for example, discharge belt, sorting conveyer, rotary conveyor and backflow conveyer belt are parallel to each other, like this, can make described in put magazine and transmit on described discharge belt, described sorting conveyer, described rotary conveyor and described backflow conveyer belt better.
Above-mentioned sorting unit 300 is by arranging discharging mechanism 500, sorting mechanism 600, slew gear 700 and backflow mechanism 800, and tradition relies on manual type to carry out sorting relatively, can improve the efficiency of separation, and it is damaged that mushroom can be avoided to cause.In addition, by arranging sorting sensor 670, air-supply part 680 and slide unit 690, sharpness of separation can be improved.
Refer to Fig. 1, the barrel 200 that shakes is arranged at described discharging base, and the barrel 200 that shakes has charging aperture (not shown) and discharge opening (not shown), and described discharge opening is arranged towards described discharge belt.Mushroom adds from described charging aperture and shakes in barrel 200.
Refer to Fig. 1, put magazine 400 and be arranged on described discharge belt, described sorting conveyer, described rotary conveyor and described backflow conveyer belt.
Above-mentioned mushroom separator 10 to be shaken barrel 200, sorting unit 300 and put magazine 400 by setting, and tradition relies on manual type to carry out sorting relatively, can improve the efficiency of separation, and it is damaged that mushroom can be avoided to cause.In addition, by arranging sorting sensor 670, air-supply part 680 and slide unit 690, sharpness of separation can be improved.
Such as, the sorting unit that formed of the mutual combination of the various embodiments described above and mushroom separator.
The above embodiment only have expressed several embodiment of the present utility model, and it describes comparatively concrete and detailed, but therefore can not be interpreted as the restriction to the utility model the scope of the claims.It should be pointed out that for the person of ordinary skill of the art, without departing from the concept of the premise utility, can also make some distortion and improvement, these all belong to protection domain of the present utility model.Therefore, the protection domain of the utility model patent should be as the criterion with claims.

Claims (8)

1. a sorting unit, it is characterized in that, comprise discharging mechanism, sorting mechanism, slew gear and backflow mechanism, described discharging mechanism, described sorting mechanism, described slew gear and described backflow mechanism are for being fixed on outside workbench, and described discharging mechanism, described sorting mechanism, described slew gear and described backflow mechanism connect successively;
Described discharging mechanism comprises discharging base, discharging motor, discharge belt, discharging transition piece, discharging cylinder, discharging push pedal, first sensor and the second sensor, described discharging base is fixedly installed on described workbench, described discharging motor is arranged at described discharging base, described discharge belt is placed on the rotating shaft of described discharging motor, described discharging transition piece is arranged at described discharging base, and arrange near the end of described discharge belt, described discharging cylinder is arranged at described discharging transition piece, described discharging push pedal is connected with the telescopic end of described discharging cylinder, described first sensor and described second sensor are arranged at the both sides of described discharging transition piece respectively,
Described sorting mechanism comprises sorting base, sorting motor, sorting conveyer, sorting transition piece, sorting cylinder, sorting push pedal, sorting sensor, air-supply part and slide unit, described sorting base is arranged at described workbench, described sorting motor is fixedly installed on described sorting base, described sorting conveyer is placed on the rotating shaft of described sorting motor, described sorting transition piece is arranged at described sorting base, and arrange near described sorting conveyer, described sorting cylinder is arranged at described sorting base, described sorting push pedal is connected with the telescopic end of described sorting cylinder, described sorting sensor setting is in described sorting base, described air-supply part is arranged at described sorting base, the air supply direction of described air-supply part is perpendicular to the direction of transfer of described sorting conveyer, described slide unit is arranged at described sorting base and is positioned at the side of described sorting conveyer away from described air-supply part,
Described slew gear comprises rotary table, rotary motor, rotary conveyor, revolution transition piece, rotary cylinder and revolution push pedal, described rotary table is fixedly installed on described workbench, described rotary motor is arranged at described rotary table, described rotary conveyor is placed on the rotating shaft of described rotary motor, described revolution transition piece is arranged at described rotary table, and arrange near the end of described rotary conveyor, described rotary cylinder is arranged at described revolution transition piece, and described revolution push pedal is connected with the telescopic end of described rotary cylinder;
Described backflow mechanism comprises backflow base, backflow motor, backflow conveyer belt, backflow transition piece, backflow cylinder and backflow push pedal, described backflow base is fixedly installed on described workbench, described backflow motor is arranged at described backflow base, described backflow conveyer belt is placed on the rotating shaft of described backflow motor, described backflow transition piece is arranged at described backflow base, and arrange near the end of described backflow conveyer belt, described backflow cylinder is arranged at described backflow transition piece, and described backflow push pedal is connected with the telescopic end of described backflow cylinder.
2. sorting unit according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, two sides that described discharging transition piece is adjacent bend extended first discharging flanging and the second discharging flanging respectively, described first discharging flanging is arranged towards described discharge belt, and described second discharging flanging is arranged towards described sorting conveyer.
3. sorting unit according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, two sides that described sorting transition piece is adjacent bend extended first sorting flanging and the second sorting flanging respectively, described first sorting flanging is arranged towards described sorting conveyer, and described second discharging flanging is arranged towards described rotary conveyor.
4. sorting unit according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, two sides that described revolution transition piece is adjacent bend extended first revolution flanging and the second revolution flanging respectively, described first revolution flanging is arranged towards described rotary conveyor, and described second revolution flanging is arranged towards described backflow conveyer belt.
5. sorting unit according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, two sides that described backflow transition piece is adjacent bend extended first backflow flanging and the second backflow flanging respectively, described first backflow flanging is arranged towards described backflow conveyer belt, and described second backflow flanging is arranged towards described discharge belt.
6. sorting unit according to claim 5, is characterized in that, described discharge belt, described sorting conveyer, described rotary conveyor and described backflow conveyer belt surround a cuboid structure closed.
7. sorting unit according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described discharge belt, described sorting conveyer, described rotary conveyor and described backflow conveyer belt are parallel to each other.
8. a mushroom separator, is characterized in that, comprises the arbitrary described sorting unit of claim 1 to 7.
CN201420557350.3U 2014-09-25 2014-09-25 Sorting unit and mushroom separator CN204276353U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104289441A (en) * 2014-09-25 2015-01-21 黄守瑜 Sorting device and mushroom sorting machine

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104289441A (en) * 2014-09-25 2015-01-21 黄守瑜 Sorting device and mushroom sorting machine

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