CN104242598B - The permanent magnetic speed-adjusting of scalable couples magnetic flux, braking or load device - Google Patents

The permanent magnetic speed-adjusting of scalable couples magnetic flux, braking or load device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104242598B
CN104242598B CN201310220930.3A CN201310220930A CN104242598B CN 104242598 B CN104242598 B CN 104242598B CN 201310220930 A CN201310220930 A CN 201310220930A CN 104242598 B CN104242598 B CN 104242598B
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coupling
coolant
magnetic
permanent magnet
permanent
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CN201310220930.3A
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CN104242598A (en
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林英楠
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林英楠
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P20/00Technologies relating to chemical industry
    • Y02P20/10Process efficiency

Abstract

Permanent magnetic speed-adjusting, braking or the load device of a kind of scalable couples magnetic flux, it is characterised in that driving disc spacing pressing is permanent magnet coupling dish, driven disc/brake disc is Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk;Or Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk is used as driving disc spacing pressing, permanent magnet coupling dish is used as driven disc/brake disc;Permanent magnet coupling dish and Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk are air-gap field coupled structure, the two interchangeable erection sequence or the most main driven disc or the inside and outside nested position of exchange.The present invention be applicable to shaft coupling transmission and load speed governing, automatic transmission, brake and brake, rotary load, cut-out/combine the technical fields such as power, energy saving motor, household electrical appliance, canned pump, petrochemical industry, wind-power electricity generation, be used as manufacture and design permanent-magnet speed governor, speed regulation shaft coupling and automatic transmission, brake gear, load/charger, centrifugal load speed regulator or clutch or the technical scheme of novel energy-conserving household electrical appliance.

Description

The permanent magnetic speed-adjusting of scalable couples magnetic flux, braking or load device

Technical field

The technical field that the present invention relates to includes: drive shaft couples driving/transmission and speed adjusting technique field, the vehicles Automatic transmission field, energy-conserving and emission-cutting technology field, petroleum extractor technical field, cut-out/combine power technology field, every From/seal transmission field, braking and brake technique field, the loading/load of power-equipment measurement of power, household electrical appliance (include air-conditioning Device, electric fan, washing machine) etc. technical field, wind-force/internal combustion engine/technical field of hydroelectric generation and motor drive electromotor to send out Electricity/power transformation technology field, permanent magnetic speed-adjusting, braking or the load device of a kind of scalable couples magnetic flux.

Background technology

With us, permanent magnetic speed-adjusting, braking and load device may apply to power-equipment output shaft and load input Coupled drive and load speed governing, automatic transmission, rotation brake and brake, power-equipment measurement of power and fictitious load thereof between axle Etc. technical field, compare with our live and work close such as: little to household electrical appliance (air-conditioning, washing machine, electric fan etc.), close Envelope pump, chemical reaction still, arrive greatly railroad train, naval vessel, aircraft, fan-type, pump class, compressor, belt feeder, ball mill, oil The belt type pumping unit of industry, wind-power electricity generation, hydroelectric generation, internal combustion engine generating and motor drive electrical power generators/power transformation Turn round etc. the tune/speed change in system, tune/change, power transmission is or/and braking etc.;A lot of industries be unable to do without transmission, speed governing, system in a word Dynamic, bending moment, power cut/combination, shaft coupling and brake gear, it may be said that permanent magnetic speed-adjusting technology and permanent magnet braking technology can be applied Example is too numerous to enumerate, can be found everywhere, it is not limited to above-mentioned field.

In recent years, the technology about permanent-magnet speed governor, permanent magnet brake and permanent magnetism load device is in the ascendant, it is fast to develop Speed, and being used widely, is made that certain contribution for China's energy-saving and emission-reduction, especially for centrifugal load (pump class, blower fan, Centrifuge, air separation machine etc.) energy-saving field of system, substitute the aspects such as converter, soft initiator, hydraulic speed-regulating device, having can not The technical advantage of analogy, marketing achieves heartening achievement.But there is also some shortcomings and shortcoming, these lack Point governs popularization and the market space of permanent-magnet speed governor to a great extent, is mainly manifested in the following aspects:

1. installation dimension is big, and the in-site installation condition of technological transformation project is required height, and suitability is poor.

The most existing known permanent-magnet speed governor, permanent magnet brake and permanent magnetism load device, directly regulated permanent magnetism by then passing through Coupling space and/or the coupling area of air-gap field constructed between dish and permanent magnet coupling dish are that real-time online dynamically changes , it is therefore to slide axially and transfer of torque structure between at least one and its power transmission shaft of driven disc and driving disc spacing pressing, This structure brings bigger difficulty to product manufacturing, assembly technology, and to skills such as the material of critical component and the accuracies of manufacture Art index request is harsher, and manufacturing process is complicated, manufacturing cost remains high;Meanwhile, this structure is also unfavorable for vertical permanent magnet The manufacture of speed regulator, and it is the biggest to regulate torsion, higher to the skill performance requirement of configured actuator.

3., at the speed governing section of 35-75% rated speed, the permanent magnet coupling assembly heating of existing permanent-magnet speed governor is serious, and And in use easily produce the high thermal phenomenon in local, it is impossible to it is applicable to the occasion that requirement of explosion proof is higher;On the other hand, permanent magnetism Coupling assembly (regulates the section of stroke) when coupling air-gap separation and being bigger or when coupling area is less less than 70%, system vibration Relatively big, the serious consequence that reliability is poor can be caused.

4. permanent-magnet speed governor known to can not realize raising speed regulatory function, has limited to the application of permanent magnetic speed-adjusting technology.

5. known to, permanent magnetic speed-adjusting, braking and load device structure are more complicated, and reliability is poor.

In sum, the permanent magnetic speed-adjusting of scalable couples magnetic flux of development of new structure, braking or load device gesture are must OK, to overcome shortcomings and deficiencies of the prior art, meet market and social development in the urgent need to.

Summary of the invention

Through studying for a long period of time with lot of experiments, we draw the innovative solution of present patent application and brand-new product, for Solve the problems referred to above and technological deficiency provides feasible and complete technical scheme.On the one hand, the technology of present patent application is utilized Scheme can design and manufacture high-power and super high power power transmission shaft permanent magnet coupling and drive and speed regulator, and vertical permanent magnet of being more convenient for is adjusted The design of speed device and manufacture;On the other hand, present patent application creatively proposes and adjusts in drive shaft couples transmission and load thereof Speed, cutting off/combine in the conventional art fields such as power, braking, power-equipment measurement of power and loading/load thereof can widely used one Plant brand-new permanent magnet coupling drive technical pattern and scheme, i.e. utilize the present invention innovatively to separately design and produce novel permanent magnetic Coupling buncher, Permanent Magnet Clutch, permanent magnetism stepless speed regulation shaft coupling, permanent magnet coupling turbofan stepless speed-regulating device, permanent magnetism coupling Close propeller stepless speed-regulating device, permanent magnet coupling brake gear or permanent magnet coupling loading/load device, vehicle automatic speed variator etc. Novel product, have installation dimension manufacture little, easy, can realize slow down regulation also can realize raising speed regulation, speed-regulating range width, The rated speed of prime mover can be carried out 0 → 98.5% rated speed → super prime mover nominal speed range as required to load In regulate;Another further aspect, the present invention has that efficiency is high, dispelled the high thermal phenomenon in local, reach 20-for centrifugal load fractional energy savings More than 65%, No Load Start, be definitely flexible coupling, simple in construction, the feature such as safe and reliable, also there is contactless, slow without abrasion Speed braking function, allow Shaft misalignment, be greatly lowered system vibration, easily install, not to be afraid of adverse circumstances and life-span length etc. excellent Point.

From technical scheme described in the invention it can be seen that permanent magnetic speed-adjusting, braking and load device to have transmission dynamic Power, moment of torsion, the function of braking moment, simply along with the difference of selected technology scheme is or/and adaptation is installed to apply accordingly neck The function that territory is different and manifests is different, can realize respectively can step-less adjustment couples magnetic flux permanent magnetic speed-adjusting/actuating device, can The permanent magnet braking device of step-less adjustment couples magnetic flux or can the technical scheme of permanent magnetism load device of step-less adjustment couples magnetic flux;This Invention is with known technology difference:

The permanent magnetic speed-adjusting of scalable couples magnetic flux, braking or load device include Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk and permanent magnet coupling Dish, is used separately as driving disc spacing pressing or driven disc/brake disc, and Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk is that air-gap field couples with permanent magnet coupling dish Structure, it comprises Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk and carries out magnetic field coupling with permanent magnet coupling dish by coupling gap, coolant media or still wall The organization plan closed, Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk (is comprised permanent magnet by Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk body, least one set permanent magnet Assembly) and least one set for control permanent magnet magnetic path break-make or permanent magnet couples magnetic flux path bypass Flux switch structure Becoming, Flux switch is electric magnet or is electric magnet and yoke/magnetic boots/yoke sleeve/yoke back of the body dish (yoke, magnetic boots, yoke set Cylinder and yoke back of the body dish are referred to as yoke, it is possible to difference uses, lower same) assembly, permanent magnet and Flux switch are arranged at magnetic flux and open On the formula permanent magnetic disk body of pass, permanent magnet becomes controlled couples magnetic flux assembly, or permanent magnet, electromagnetism with both electric magnet adapter combination Ferrum becomes controlled couples magnetic flux assembly, the one side permanent magnet of controlled couples magnetic flux assembly or magnetic with yoke assembly three's adapter combination The magnetic flux coupling surface of yoke is built by coupling air gap and permanent magnet coupling dish and forms couples magnetic flux path, on the other hand permanent magnet (N, S Pole) and electromagnet core both or permanent magnet (N, S pole), yoke and electromagnet core three build formation bypass magnetic flux path, Being provided with at least one magnetic flux coupling surface on the magnetic pole of permanent magnet or yoke, magnetic flux coupling surface refers to Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk Axial two ends end face air gap coupling surface, radially inner and outer circumference post/cone air gap coupling surface, oblique/tangential air gap coupling surface etc. six Plant one of coupling surface or the combination of at least two, magnetic flux coupling surface adaptive armature disc corresponding with on permanent magnet coupling dish or permanent magnet The coupling surface of dish is that fixing coupling air gap is arranged, and permanent magnet coupling dish has seven kinds of structures, is annulus tabular metallic conductor electricity respectively Pivot dish, circle/cone cylinder tubular metal conductor armature disc, pot grate formula armature disc, squirrel-cage armature dish (include straight barrel type and cone cylinder formula, Be similar to the structure of squirrel-cage motor rotator), single multi-circle wound armature dish (include flat, straight barrel type and cone cylinder formula list/ Multi-turn winding-type and single multi-circle O type closed coil armature dish), permanent magnetism body disc (include radial magnetic field formula, axial magnetic field formula, tangential Magnetic field type and oblique magnetic field formula and mixing/compound coupled structure thereof) and Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk, can select single as required Kind, multiple mixed or carry out compound adaptation.Coolant media or coolant refer to compressed air, nitrogen dioxide gas, cooling water, Cool down the organic or inorganics such as oily, industrial coolant and on coupled magnetic field without impact, cooling fluid medium free from corrosion to workpiece, still Wall refers to canned pump wall or the reactor still wall of non-ferromagnetic material.The permanent magnetic disk body of Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk can use non-leading Body every magnetic/high magnetoresistance material (such as high strength organic material, north material, nonconducting synthetic material, high strength glass Steel material, carbon Fibrous material, high strength ceramic material etc.), certainly may be used without conducting electricity every magnetic/high magnetoresistance material (nonmagnetic steel, nonmagnetic stainless Steel, copper material, aluminium alloy, alloy material etc.) make;Yoke and electromagnet core be optional use high magnetic conduction/low magnetoresistance material (as Mild steel, stalloy or ferrite) make;Disc type/cartridge type metallic conductor armature disc, pot grate formula armature disc, squirrel-cage armature dish Employing low-resistivity, the good conductor material of high magnetic reluctance or height is may select with the armature in wound armature dish and electromagnet coil Temperature composite superconductor material (such as materials such as copper, aluminum, gold-plated/silver-bearing copper material, niobium copper-clad, alloy superconductors) makes;Permanent magnet is optional Select the strong magnetic/rare-earth permanent magnet of employing (such as neodymium iron boron or rare earth alloy ferromagnetic material etc.).

The operation principle of the present invention is: when electric magnet no power, permanent magnet-both electromagnet cores or permanent magnet-magnetic Yoke-electromagnet core three constitutes the bypass magnetic flux path of complete closed loop, and magnetic flux coupling surface does not has the permanent-magnet magnetic line of force to leak, now Coupling air gap between Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk and permanent magnet coupling dish (now referring to armature disc) do not have permanent magnet and electric magnet The magnetic line of force produced passes through, and will not produce magnetic couple between Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk and permanent magnet coupling dish;When electromagnetism Tie Tong Electricity when making the magnetic pole (N, S) at electric magnet two ends in opposite direction with the magnetic pole (N, S) of permanent magnet, permanent magnet becomes with electromagnet core For the Magnet that the pole orientation being arranged side by side is contrary, now the magnetic line of force of permanent magnet and electric magnet is formed by yoke completely The bypass magnetic flux path of Guan Bi, magnetic flux coupling surface does not has the permanent-magnet magnetic line of force to leak, Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk and permanent magnet coupling dish Between coupling air gap in do not have permanent magnet and electric magnet to produce the magnetic line of force pass through, Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk and permanent magnet coupling Magnetic couple will not be produced between dish;When electric magnet be energized and make the magnetic pole (N, S) at electric magnet two ends and permanent magnet magnetic pole (N, S), when direction is consistent, permanent magnet and electromagnet core become the Magnet in the same pole direction being arranged side by side, both magnetic lines of force The couples magnetic flux path formed by magnetic flux coupling surface, coupling air gap and permanent magnet coupling dish, according to Lenz's law or slip electric motor Principle understands, and Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk and permanent magnet coupling dish (now referring to armature disc) are configured to " sliding permanent magnetic field-sense Answer magnetic field coupling moment of torsion transmission, speed regulating structure ", owing to there is slip between driving disc spacing pressing and driven disc/brake disc, now magnetic flux is opened Will produce magnetic magnetic torque between pass formula permanent magnetic disk and permanent magnet coupling dish, its coupling air-gap flux amount is permanent magnet and electric magnet Produced magnetic flux sum, in this case, to electric magnet interval/pulse power supply, by controlling its supply voltage, electricity Stream, frequency, or/and the electric magnet such as dutycycle are for electric parameter, can regulate the average magnetic that the permanent magnet in couples magnetic flux path produces The size of flux, reaches regulation coupling magnetic torque, thus realizes permanent magnet speed regulation device, permanent magnet braking device or permanent magnetism load The function of device, uses brush collector (including brush-commutated device, the lower same) technology of maturation, machine-carried type to send out power supply technique or nothing Line power supply technique and the controller technology of adaptation thereof, for realizing low cost, the product of the present invention of high reliability provide guarantee.With Time, particularly point out has 3 points: as long as one is to provide less supply current to realize to electric magnet in technique scheme The transmission regulation of high-power moment of torsion, i.e. starts to close to the regulation between rated power (more than 98.5%) from zero load, or Say the stepless deceleration regulation that can realize in 0-98.5% nominal speed range;Two is that technique scheme is at Flux switch formula permanent magnetism In the case of dish and permanent magnet coupling dish do not do any variation, also by the supply current increasing electric magnet so that at coupling magnetic The average magnetic flux that electric magnet in path produces increases, and reaches to improve the purpose of through-put power;Three is when permanent magnet coupling dish When selecting adaptive permanent magnetism body disc or be all the Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk of adaptation, utilize the repulsion of magnetic field of permanent magnet N-N or S-S " the coupling moment of torsion transmission of permanent magnetic field-permanent magnetic field, the speed regulating structure " of double permanent magnet couplings that power is formed (or it is non-sliding Permanent magnetic field-induced field coupling moment of torsion transmission, speed regulating structure), it is possible to realize speed governing purpose by regulation coupled magnetic flux;And And when polarised direction circumferentially tangential/oblique permanent magnetic field coupling or the tangential/oblique permanent magnetic field in end face of magnetic flux coupling surface During coupling, not only can realize the deceleration regulation of 0 → rated speed, also can realize more than motive power equipment (such as motor, internal combustion Machine, wind turbine, the hydraulic turbine) rated speed speedup regulation.

Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk and permanent magnet coupling dish by actively coupling body or passive coupling body respectively with power Axle is connected or is connected with driven axle, and Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk and permanent magnet coupling dish are used as driving disc spacing pressing or the peace of driven disc Dress order is interchangeable and is inverted, in order to realize the function of shaft coupling transmission and speed governing;Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk and permanent magnet coupling dish Being connected with line shaft respectively or brake coupling mechanism be connected by active coupling body or braking coupling mechanism, braking couples Mechanism and brake holder adaptation are installed, brake holder refer to for pedestal, casing, frame, automobile chassis, train bogie, The installing rack of the brake units such as undercarriage, Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk and permanent magnet coupling dish are used as driving disc spacing pressing or brake disc Erection sequence is interchangeable and is inverted, in order to realize the function of braking and fictitious load.At least one magnetic flux coupling it is provided with in yoke Conjunction face, magnetic flux coupling surface refer to the axial two ends end face air gap coupling surface of Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk, radially inside/outside circumference post/ One of six kinds of coupling surfaces such as cone air gap coupling surface, oblique/tangential air gap coupling surface or the combination of at least two, magnetic flux coupling surface with Corresponding adaptive armature disc or the coupling surface of permanent magnetism body disc on permanent magnet coupling dish are that fixing coupling air gap is arranged.

Why inventor all sums up in the point that an application the technical scheme of the different names in above-mentioned multiple technical fields In file, it is by the conclusion of science, merges and study and be creatively found that same technical scheme is in different technologies field In innovation and application and innovative design, they can be regarded as the different application of same technical scheme, simply product and technology thereof Scenario Name is different, and they are the most substantive different.

The concrete technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:

Permanent magnetic speed-adjusting, braking or the load device of a kind of scalable couples magnetic flux, it is characterised in that driving disc spacing pressing is permanent magnetism coupling Conjunction dish, driven disc/brake disc is Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk;Or Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk is used as driving disc spacing pressing, permanent magnet coupling Dish is used as driven disc/brake disc;Permanent magnet coupling dish and Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk are air-gap field coupled structure, and the two is interchangeable Erection sequence or the most main driven disc or exchange inside and outside nested position.

The permanent magnetic speed-adjusting of scalable couples magnetic flux as above, braking or load device, it is characterised in that described magnetic Logical switching regulator permanent magnetic disk is used for controlling permanent magnet magnetic by Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk body, least one set permanent magnet and least one set The Flux switch of path break-make or the bypass of permanent magnet couples magnetic flux path is constituted, and Flux switch is electric magnet or is electric magnet With yoke assembly, permanent magnet and Flux switch are arranged on Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk body, both permanent magnet and electric magnet Adapter combination becomes controlled couples magnetic flux assembly, or permanent magnet, electric magnet become controlled coupling with yoke assembly three's adapter combination Magnetic flux assembly, the one side permanent magnet of controlled couples magnetic flux assembly or the magnetic flux coupling surface of yoke are by coupling air gap and permanent magnetism coupling Conjunction dish builds and forms couples magnetic flux path, on the other hand by both permanent magnet and electromagnet core or by permanent magnet, yoke and Electromagnet core three builds formation bypass magnetic flux path, and the magnetic pole of permanent magnet or yoke are provided with at least one magnetic flux coupling Conjunction face, magnetic flux coupling surface refers to the axial two ends end face air gap coupling surface of Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk, radially inner and outer circumference post/cone One of six kinds of coupling surfaces such as air gap coupling surface, oblique/tangential air gap coupling surface or the combination of at least two, magnetic flux coupling surface is with forever Corresponding adaptive armature disc or the coupling surface of permanent magnetism body disc on magnetic coupling dish are that fixing coupling air gap is arranged, every secondary Flux switch In electromagnet core and yoke assembly except can distinguish single-piece make assemble in addition to, it is possible to be fabricated to unit overall structure form, Including " U " type, camber, " work " type, " L " type or " H " type, all or part Flux switch that Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk is laid In electromagnet core and yoke assembly also can be fabricated to integration overall structure form or kit form, it includes integration tooth Wheel-type, integration geared sleeve type, integration fluted disc type, integration tooth cartridge type and other abnormity geometry assemble integral structure, magnetic Electromagnet core in all Flux switches laid on logical switching regulator permanent magnetic disk is or/and yoke assembly also can be according to production technology Needs carry out splitting and optimization is fabricated to modularized combination type structure, and every secondary Flux switch can configure at least one permanent magnet, The uniform permanent magnet that at least one pair of Flux switch and adaptive quantity thereof are set on Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk;Flux switch formula permanent magnetism The first version of dish is that all permanent magnets all adaptations on its body are arranged in respective Flux switch unit composition mark Pseudotype Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk, Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk the second version is to be spaced at least one pair of on permanent magnetism body disc Direct-coupled permanent magnetic dipole constitutes mixed type Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk to the permanent magnet arranging Flux switch and adaptation thereof, Flux switch the third version of formula permanent magnetic disk is to be gone here and there by the most back-to-back by Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk and permanent magnetism body disc Connection or assembling combination form combined Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk;It is emphasized that meeting Coupled Magnetic Path path and bypass Under the structural requirement of magnetic flux path, the permanent magnet in Flux switch and the commutative position of yoke;Permanent magnet coupling dish includes seven kinds Haplotype version and be combined by least two haplotype structure in seven kinds of haplotype version or be combined structure The composite structured form built, seven kinds of haplotype structure permanent magnet coupling dishes are annulus tabular metallic conductor armature disc, circle/cone respectively Bobbin shape metallic conductor armature disc, pot grate formula armature disc, squirrel-cage armature dish, single multi-circle wound armature dish, permanent magnetism body disc and Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk;One magnetic flux coupling surface is by coupling air gap adaptation corresponding with on permanent magnet coupling dish armature disc or forever One of magnet disk coupling surface constitutes a secondary permanent magnet coupling assembly, combine in main passive split type rotating disk, rotating cylinder or rotating disk rotating cylinder/ Compound air gap coupled structure, the yoke assembly of Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk is with single air gap coupling surface, multiple air gap coupling surface, multiple Close air gap coupling surface or/and multilayer nest air gap coupling surface and permanent magnet coupling dish adaptation build at least one secondary axial magnetic field permanent magnet coupling Seaming element, radial magnetic field permanent magnet coupling assembly are or/and oblique/tangential magnetic field permanent magnet coupling assembly, or two is secondary or more than two pairs The permanent magnet coupling assembly that the permanent magnet coupling dish of Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk and adaptation thereof is constituted with back-to-back serial distribution, mixing/ Mashed up, head and the tail are connected or/and parallel axes parallel connection adapter structure is arranged, and permanent magnet coupling assembly has 12 kinds of haplotype structures, respectively It is axial magnetic field double permanent magnet coupling assembly, axial magnetic field metallic conductor permanent magnet coupling assembly, axial magnetic field wound armature permanent magnetism The double permanent magnet coupling assembly of coupling assembly, axial magnetic field pot grate formula armature permanent magnet coupling assembly, radial magnetic field, radial magnetic field metal are led Body permanent magnet coupling assembly, radial magnetic field Wound-rotor type permanent magnet coupling assembly, radial magnetic field squirrel-cage armature permanent magnet coupling assembly, tiltedly To/tangential magnetic field double permanent magnet coupling assembly, oblique/tangential magnetic field metallic conductor permanent magnet coupling assembly, oblique/tangential magnetic field coiling Formula permanent magnet coupling assembly and oblique/tangential magnetic field pot grate formula/squirrel-cage armature permanent magnet coupling assembly, also include by above-mentioned 12 kinds At least two permanent magnet coupling assembly in haplotype permanent magnet coupling assembly is combined or compound permanent magnetism coupling that is compound and that formed Seaming element;The shape of permanent magnet and N-S polarised direction thereof respectively with the coupled structure of permanent magnet coupling assembly and electric magnet, yoke, The structural requirement of Coupled Magnetic Path path and bypass magnetic flux path is suitable with its assembly space physical dimension, and it can be fabricated to respectively Strip, square block, arcuation, tile-shaped, cylindric, cone column, corner post shape, " u "-shaped, " L " shape, sector, trapezoidal, oblique angle column, Circular, cylinder/tubulose or by various geometry splicing/machining molding/oriented moulding/excision forming/die cast/groups The different form joined/be combined, permanent magnet is or/and the magnetic flux coupling surface of yoke is at driving disc spacing pressing or passive/brake disc permanent magnet coupling assembly In laying structure have nine kinds of apolegamy forms, first axial magnetic field N and S magnetic pole to be laid staggeredly, it two is axial magnetic field N or S Magnetic pole same pole is laid, and it three is radial magnetic field N and S magnetic pole is laid staggeredly, and it four is radial magnetic field N or S magnetic pole same magnetic Pole is laid, its five be end face tangential/oblique magnetic field N and S magnetic pole be laid staggeredly, its six be end face tangential/oblique magnetic field N or S magnetic Pole same pole is laid, its seven be periphery tangential/oblique magnetic field N and S magnetic pole be laid staggeredly, its eight be periphery tangential/tiltedly Lay to magnetic field N or S magnetic pole same pole, its nine be at least two kinds in above-mentioned eight kinds of structures are combined and are combined into Row is laid, and often group permanent magnet is or/and the N-S two ends of magnetic flux coupling surface of yoke and electric magnet N-S two ends are at driving disc spacing pressing/driven disc On can axially, circumference to or oblique adaptive arrange;The permanent magnetic disk body of Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk can be selected for non-conductor every magnetic/height Magnetoresistance material or conduction are every magnetic/high magnetoresistance material;Yoke and electromagnet core use high magnetic conduction/low magnetoresistance material;Disc type/cartridge type Armature and electromagnet coil in metallic conductor armature disc, pot grate formula armature disc, squirrel-cage armature dish and wound armature dish are adopted With good conductor material or high temperature composite superconductor material be fabricated to solid or hollow/have pore structure;Permanent magnet uses strong magnetic/rare earth Unidirectional polarized permanent magnets is or/and the multidirectional polarized permanent magnets made of multiple polymerization and radiation orientation method.

The permanent magnetic speed-adjusting of scalable couples magnetic flux as above, braking or load device, it is characterised in that Flux switch Formula permanent magnetic disk and permanent magnet coupling dish be connected with line shaft respectively by actively coupling body or passive coupling body or with passively Axle is connected, or Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk and permanent magnet coupling dish by actively coupling body or braking coupling mechanism respectively with Line shaft is connected or brakes coupling mechanism and is connected, and braking coupling mechanism is installed with brake holder adaptation, actively coupling body Be by driving disc spacing pressing body/back of the body dish, driving disc spacing pressing end cap, guard shield/housing, flange, clutch, locking plate, locking ring flange/set, one Body hole countersunk coupling band, expansion sleeve, cone locking set, axle, sleeve, quill shaft, central minor axis, axle key, keyway, spline, flower Key set, bearing, bearing holder (housing, cover), bearing block, bearing holder (housing, cover) support/bearing bracket/driving disc spacing pressing support, shaft coupling and associated part thereof Shaft coupling parts or combinations thereof mechanism at least one plant combination and constitute, be arranged on driving disc spacing pressing and line shaft shaft coupling it Between;Passive coupling body is by driven disc body/back of the body dish, driven disc end cap, guard shield/housing, flange, clutch, locking plate, lock Tight ring flange, locking coupling band, expansion sleeve, cone locking set, axle, sleeve, quill shaft, central minor axis, axle key, keyway, spline, Spline housing, bearing, bearing holder (housing, cover), bearing block, bearing holder (housing, cover) support/bearing bracket/driven disc support, shaft coupling and the portion that is associated thereof In the shaft coupling parts of part or combinations thereof mechanism at least one plant combination and constitute, be arranged on driven disc and bearing axle shaft coupling Between;Braking coupling mechanism is by brake disc body/back of the body dish, brake disc end cap, braking guard shield/housing, flange, clutch, locking Dish, locking ring flange, locking coupling band, expansion sleeve, cone locking set, axle, hollow stub shafts, central minor axis, axle key, keyway, flower Key, spline housing and associated part thereof couple in parts or combinations thereof mechanism at least one plant combination and constitute, arrange Between brake disc and brake holder.

The permanent magnetic speed-adjusting of scalable couples magnetic flux as above, braking or load device, it is characterised in that Flux switch Electric magnet on formula permanent magnetic disk is configured with applicable speed governing electric supply installation and speed setting controller thereof, or electric magnet is configured with applicable Braking electric supply installation and brake monitor, electromagnet coil two ends are provided with fly-wheel diode, resistance or/and pressure limiting is electric Road, select to plug in electromagnet coil loop current limliting or protection circuit as required, the electric magnet on Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk Coil by airborne connection terminal module adaptation select be built into parallel connection, connect, be grouped and connect, packet chain in parallel or the most only Vertical power supply and control structure, speed setting controller has three kinds of selective adaptations, the first on the spot/centrally connected power supply speed setting controller, point Single loop or multiloop type, correspondence is docked with the brush terminal of brush collector and powers to electromagnet coil, and it is mainly by power supply Module, Working mode set and order input module, signal generating module and modulation/power amplification circuit are constituted, as required PLC, intelligence embedded computer, graphic display screen, keyboard, analog quantity I/O, digital quantity I/O, 4-20mA/485/ can be matched The standard remote communication interface of 232/ industrial bus or adaptation, sensor detector unit, acousto-optic warning unit, temperature sensor, Liquid level/hydraulic pressure/flow transducer, wind speed/wind pressure/wind volume sensor, speed probe, vibration/acceleration transducer, spacing biography Sensor, brush detection sensor, main driven disc synchronize sensor or/and one of main driven disc rotation angle sensor or they One combination;It two is closed-down manual on-board controller, and it is by power rectifier/filter circuit, battery backup and discharge and recharge thereof Automatic switch-over circuit, closed-down manual set mode of operation and order input module, amplitude/frequency/control circuit of duty ratio, intermittently Oscillator, modulation/power amplification circuit, electric magnet afterflow/protection circuit and connection terminal module are constituted;It three is channel radio News/infrared/acoustic control/photoelectricity/coil-induced remote control on-board controller, it by power rectifier/filter circuit, battery backup and Discharge and recharge automatic switch-over circuit, wireless telecommunications/infrared/acoustic control/photoelectricity/coil-induced remote control signal receiver/command analysis module, Amplitude/frequency/control circuit of duty ratio, intermittently oscillator, modulation/power amplification circuit, electric magnet afterflow/protection circuit and connect Line terminals module, and hand-held, desk-top or wall-mounted wireless telecommunications/infrared/acoustic control/photoelectricity/coil-induced telecontrolling speed regulator Constitute;Speed governing electric supply installation has the electric power-feeding structure mode of three different series to select for adaptation, and First Series electric power-feeding structure is electricity Brush current collector mode, i.e. at the active coupling body adaptive with Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk or passive the axle class of coupling body, set Brush collector it is set with, after electromagnet coil parallel/series or after packet parallel/series/connection in series-parallel in class or dish base part Being connected with brush collector slip ring binding post accordingly, it has three kinds of structural modelss, first single loop One Wire brush Current collector powering mode, equipment work-piece in this pattern and support use as power supply zero line or negative pole line, and it two is single time Road two-wire system brush collector powering mode, it three is that multiloop multiple-way system brush collector is powered, as required at brush collection Select the brush wear detection sensing/alarm of adaptation or/and explosion-proof casing is to constitute explosion-proof type structure on electrical equipment;Second series Electric power-feeding structure is onboard generators power supply mode, i.e. in axle class, set class or the dish class of active coupling body and passive coupling body Be set with Miniature permanent magnet electromotor between adaptor parts, or active coupling body or the axle class of passive coupling body, set class or Assembling Miniature permanent magnet electromotor between dish base part and support, support, housing or ad hoc generating support, its generating output is directly It is docked with the power input of airborne speed setting controller;3rd series power structure is airborne power supply mode without wire, is i.e. leading Move and on coupling body or the axle class of passive coupling body, set class or dish base part, receptor is set, in corresponding adaptive propping up therewith Assembling radio source module or assembly between frame, support, housing or ad hoc transmitting support, its output is docked with airborne speed governing control The power input of device processed, it has five kinds of structural modelss, and one is the electric field coupling being made up of field coupling emitter and receptor Closing radio source pattern, it two is the electromagnetic induction radio source mould being made up of electromagnetic field transmitter and induction coil receptor Formula, it three is the magnetic resonance radio source pattern being made up of magnetic resonance emitter and receptor, its four be by wave launcher and The electric wave radio source pattern that receptor is constituted, it five is the light energy emitter by light source emitter/sunlight optically focused and fit mutually The luminous energy radio source pattern that the receptor of the luminous energy/solar battery group joined is constituted;The available outside friendship of braking electric supply installation/ DC source or set of cells are directly plugged into the power input of brake monitor, and the output of brake monitor is directly plugged into as system Electromagnet coil binding post on the Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk of Moving plate;Brake monitor divides single loop, multiloop type or tool Having the Multifunctional centralized molding of other special functions, it is mainly by power module, Working mode set and order input module, signal Occur module and modulation/power amplification circuit to constitute, PLC, intelligence embedded computer, picture and text showing can be matched as required Screen, keyboard, analog quantity I/O, digital quantity I/O, 4-20mA/485/232/ industrial bus or the standard remote communication interface of adaptation, Sensor detector unit, acousto-optic warning unit, temperature sensor, speed probe, brake torque sensor, vibration/acceleration Sensor, limit sensors, actively/brake disc synchronize sensor or/and one of active/brake disc rotation angle sensor is individual or it A combination.

The permanent magnetic speed-adjusting of scalable couples magnetic flux as above, braking or load device, it is characterised in that described master Or/and near the position of axle class A of geometric unitA of bearing holder (housing, cover)/bearing block or/and on bearing holder (housing, cover)/bearing block on passive permanent magnet coupling assembly Be provided with in system operation carry out, for heat generating components, the air cooling equipment that dispels the heat/cool down or/and refrigerant cooling device or Person is air-cooled and coolant cools down combination/set composite, and heat generating components is the armature disc in permanent magnet coupling dish, actively coupling body, quilt Bearing in dynamic coupling body, the electromagnet coil on Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk or Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk assembly, air-cooled Device refer at driving disc spacing pressing or/and on the circumference of driven disc and coupling body thereof, inside circumference, periphery, left side or/ The rotation spontaneous air cooling assembly arranged with right side adaptation and ventilating path/air channel/air port, including axial ducts/mouth, radially Air channel/mouth, radial/axial air inducing straight trough, radial/axial air inducing helicla flute, turbofan type driving disc spacing pressing body/back of the body dish/flange/magnetic Yoke, turbofan type driven disc body/back of the body dish/flange/yoke, axial fan leaf, radial fan leaf/centrifugation blade, turbofan fan blade, many The oblique centrifugal fan of leaf formula, radially radiator/fin, axial radiator/fin, armature Hollowed ventilation conductor bar, integrally Change mouse cage fan blade conductor bar, integration fan blade spoke, integration mouse cage conducting ring/armature fan blade, integration boiler grate fan blade armature, The gridding arranged on integration cartridge type mouse cage fan blade spoke yoke sleeve, driving disc spacing pressing/driven disc or cellular air vent/wind Road, driving disc spacing pressing/driven disc circumference wind groove/convex tendon/concave bar, driving disc spacing pressing/driven disc footpath aweather groove/convex tendon/concave bar, driving disc spacing pressing/quilt Moving plate axial wind groove/convex tendon/concave bar, orientation fan blade/fan, Hollowed ventilation axle are or/and combinations thereof/combined type complex art In radiating subassembly at least one plant, or on heat generating components or assembly make arrange rotate heat pipe endotherm section, pass through The transportation section rotating heat pipe is drawn out to the rotation heat pipe cooling section that component external appropriate location is arranged, this cooling section heat On fin, radiator or fan blade are set, corresponding to arranging ventilation on the heat dissipation ventilation passage component of radiator or fin The raw wind of mouth, air holes, wind groove, drainage trough, orientation, orientation air draft are or/and radiation ventilator, all technology of above-mentioned air cooling equipment Feature/assembly is according to its structural grouping, compound or be fabricated to the equipped knot of partial installation structure, assembly structure and integration Structure;Refrigerant cooling device has seven kinds of versions to select for adaptation, its one be closed-circuit pipe/pipeline type refrigerant cooling device or Refrigerant cooling device in dish, its two kinds is the open circuit tubes/conduits road formula refrigerant cooling device of band nozzle/spout or the outer group of dish inner disc Closing refrigerant cooling device, its three kinds is spray/direct-firing refrigerant cooling device or the outer refrigerant cooling device of dish, and its four kinds is submergence Formula refrigerant cooling device, its five kinds be distributed coolant unit autonomous microcirculation conduction of heat/rotating heat pipe structure coolant cooling Device, its six kinds is to arrange directly spray formula refrigerant cooling device in system sealing housing, simultaneously at active/passive dish and heating part Appropriate location on part arranges drainage trough and conduction hole to cool down it sufficiently uniformly, and its seven kinds is above-mentioned six kinds of structures Compound/combination type the refrigerant cooling device of form, closed-circuit pipe/pipeline type refrigerant cooling device is inputted rotatory sealing group by coolant Part, coolant input allotter, cooling pipe/coolant cooler/cooling chamber, coolant output manifold, coolant output rotatory sealing Assembly and cooling holder thereof are constituted, coolant input rotating seal component and the functional structure phase of coolant output rotating seal component With, it being referred to as coolant input/output rotating seal component, it has three kinds of versions for selecting, and the first is that three ends seal two Sealing the integration collection assembling structure of cavate, the second is to use two two ends to seal single combinative structure sealing cavate, Qi Zhongyi Individual annular seal space is used as coolant and inputs annular seal space, and another annular seal space is used as coolant and exports annular seal space, and the third is to use one two End seals single annular seal space structure, inputs annular seal space as coolant, and this structure does not set coolant output annular seal space, and coolant input seals At least one coolant input port, road it is provided with on chamber, the coolant input port coolant delivery outlet by recanalization coolant feedway, It is provided with coolant delivery outlet, the coolant delivery outlet refrigerant circulation by recanalization coolant feedway on coolant output annular seal space Input port or refrigerant recovery system, the coolant input that coolant input allotter is provided with coolant input rotating seal component seals Coolant input distribution cavity and the distribution of at least one coolant that chamber is suitable export, and coolant output manifold is provided with and exports with coolant The coolant output collection chamber that the coolant output annular seal space of rotating seal component is suitable collects outlet, coolant with at least one coolant The functional structure of input allotter and coolant output manifold is identical, is referred to as coolant distribution/manifold, and with coolant input/ Output rotating seal component is suitable, and the two is arranged to split type knot according to set position, space and concrete technical need Structure, integrated type or integration packaging type structure, cooling pipe/coolant cooler/cooling chamber is provided with coolant import and coolant Outlet, coolant input/output rotating seal component and coolant distribution/manifold adaptation group in the way of docking or being axially set with Dress so that the coolant input annular seal space of coolant input/output rotating seal component and the coolant input point of coolant distribution/manifold Joining chamber to match, the coolant output annular seal space of coolant input/output rotating seal component matches with coolant output collection chamber, cold The coolant import of the coolant distribution openings docking cooling pipe/coolant cooler/cooling chamber of matchmaker's distribution/manifold, coolant distribution/converge The coolant of storage collects the refrigerant exit of outlet docking cooling pipe/coolant cooler/cooling chamber, to form the cold of rotatory sealing Matchmaker's flow pipe, coolant distribution/manifold be arranged on active/passive power transmission shaft or be arranged on active/passive coupling body or The adapting position of braking coupling body, coolant input/output rotating seal component is installed to by its flange or its seal body On cooling holder, normally work supporting coolant input/output rotating seal component and the assembly that is associated thereof, ibid cooler Reason, above-mentioned open circuit tubes/conduits road refrigerant cooling device is inputted rotating seal component by coolant, coolant inputs allotter, at least One pair is provided with the cooling pipe/coolant cooler/cooling chamber of spout and constitutes, and in position arranges according to coolant physical characteristic Coolant output collection device, above-mentioned spray/direct-firing refrigerant cooling device has two kinds of technical schemes, on first cooling holder Fixing coolant input channel, is arranging the spray of at least one coolant on the coolant input channel of system heat generation parts appropriate location Mouth/shower nozzle, the parts of heating in system are carried out the most openly spraying coolant or blow-through coolant to drop by coolant nozzles/spray heads Temperature and coolant is not carried out the technical scheme of centralized recovery, it two is to arrange sealing in the outside of system heat generation parts or assembly Housing/cavity, coolant input channel is inserted seal casinghousing/cavity and arranges at least one coolant nozzles/spray heads, above-mentioned submergence Formula refrigerant cooling device is to arrange seal casinghousing/cavity in the outside of system heat generation parts or assembly, and coolant input channel is inserted The coolant chamber of sealing is formed, in coolant chamber between seal casinghousing/cavity, heat generating components or assembly and seal casinghousing/cavity Being full of coolant, part or all making heat generating components or assembly is immersed in coolant the purpose reaching cooling, seal casinghousing/chamber Appropriate location on body arranges coolant output/recovery channel or assembly, and above-mentioned coolant input/output rotating seal component is by close Envelope body and at least one secondary core black box forming annular seal space are constituted, and are arranged to split type, integrated type, partly according to demand Packaging type, packaging type, partly cuing open formula or complete section formula structure, core black box is assemblied in seal body, and core black box has Six kinds supply to select, and one is to be made up of at least one-level packing seal assembly, and two is to be made up of at least one-level mechanical sealing assembly, and three are Being sealed by least first order kinetics and stop seal assembly is constituted, four is to be made up of the shaftless sealing assembly that is sealed of at least one-level, five right and wrong Contact shaft end seal, dry gas seals, graphite/carbon ring seal or fluting seals, and six is to be sealed in structures at least by aforementioned five kinds Two kinds carry out with holding compound, series connection or the combination of different end to constitute, and wherein, packing seal can be selected for mono-/bis-/multi-end surface or/and single/ The packing class soft packing seal of double/Multi-layer design scheme, expanded graphite packing seal, many fraction lobe graphite annulus seals and bowl formula is filled out Material seals four kinds of at least one sealed and plants, and mechanical seal can be selected for mono-/bis-/multi-end surface or/and mono-/bis-/Multi-layer design The rubber ring seal of scheme, stuffing box type seal, Reed type seals, post spring seals, convex-concave slot type seals, maze trough Formula sealing, skeleton sealing, band axle sleeve or lip seal without axle sleeve, have the dust-proof slide frame type of lip to seal, metal bellow type Seal, spring seal and balance/non-flat seal 12 kinds seal at least one kind, dynamic seal can be selected for mono-/bis-/ Multi-end surface is or/and the dynamic sealing of auxiliary impeller of mono-/bis-/Multi-layer design scheme or back-blade seal coordinate stop seal composition, nothing Axle is sealed and can be selected for mono-/bis-/multi-end surface or/and the diaphragm type of mono-/bis-/Multi-layer design scheme seals, protected type seals, magnetic force Driven type sealing, magnet fluid sealing, helixseal, labyrinth spiral sealing, injection sealing, float ring seal eight kinds seal at least One kind of, noncontact shaft end seal can be selected for dry operating air seal, and above-mentioned six kinds of core black boies can be according to specifically Seal the rotating speed at position, coolant pressure, the concrete physics of coolant and chemical characteristic, gap circle diameter and installing space, sealing Performance indications, assemble or keep in repair convenient require and cost performance carries out selecting to arrange, cooling pipe/coolant cooler/cooling Chamber is uniform is arranged on axial magnetic field permanent magnet coupling assembly and/or the driving disc spacing pressing of radial magnetic field permanent magnet coupling assembly and active axle-linked machine Structure, or uniform be arranged on driven disc and driven disc coupling body thereof, or refrigerant pipe is by the hollow on armature winding dish The coolant path construction arranged on winding self or thermogenesis component forms, in order to make the metallic conductor parts of heating, pot grate armature Parts, short-circuit(ed) armature parts, armature winding parts, driving disc spacing pressing/driven disc body, yoke, set of permanent magnets or by strong hot spoke Heat generating components in the permanent magnet coupling assembly penetrated and generate heat and the bearing arrangement generated heat due to spin friction are cooled down, cold But pipeline/coolant cooler/cooling chamber cloth is provided with three kinds of technical schemes, and the first is joined end to end by least one set refrigerant pipe Being distributed on above-mentioned heat generating components, it two is to be distributed on above-mentioned heat generating components side by side by least two group refrigerant pipes, and it three is above-mentioned The compound layout scheme of two schemes, the shape of refrigerant pipe has linear, spiral type, shaped form, annular, cavity shape or combination Docking geometric form, refrigerant pipe lays mode five kinds, and one is to spiral or circular laying, and another kind is parallel lines or angle Degree aplysia punctata is laid, and the third is that circumference or planar multilayer refrigerant pipe are laid, between every layer, between layers or adjacent cold Head and the tail or import and export connected composition coolant flow pipe between matchmaker's pipeline, it is entry/exit coolant that the 4th kind of refrigerant pipe lays mode Pipeline is in being laid staggeredly, and the connection of far-end one_to_one corresponding or annular groove concentrate intercommunication, and it is above-mentioned four that the 5th kind of refrigerant pipe lays mode Plant combination or the composite construction mode of laying mode, above-mentioned driving disc spacing pressing and actively coupling body and other heating part being associated thereof Cooling line adaptation set on part is butted into sealing connectivity structure, or driven disc and passive coupling body or braking shaft coupling Cooling line adaptation set in mechanism and other heat generating components of being associated thereof is butted into sealing connectivity structure, in order to constitute Cooling coolant circulation passage or path reach the purpose of cooling, and above-mentioned coolant feedway is water supply pipe and tap water mistake thereof Filter, cooling-water machine/chiller and filter, air-cooler and air filter thereof or dehumidifier, compressed air piping, air One kind of in compressor, Cool oil machine and adaptive coolant machine or be combinations thereof device;Air-cooled and coolant cooling group Conjunction/set composite at least one each planted by above-mentioned air cooling equipment and refrigerant cooling device technical pattern selected by adaptation, group Close/compound built-up, arrange on system corresponding component or assembly.

The permanent magnetic speed-adjusting of scalable couples magnetic flux as above, braking or load device, it is characterised in that be provided with to The lubricating arrangement being used for being lubricated the bearing in system and slide unit of few a set of adaptation, has following four technical scheme Can require that apolegamy is arranged according to concrete technology, the first uses hand gun/oil pump or automatic lubricant pump, by oil nozzle, bearing Radial hole oil circuit on radial/axial oil circuit on set/seat, hollow axle oil circuit, axle is or/and lubricating oil separator and respective branch thereof Oil circuit and oil outlet periodically carry out contact or contactless oiling to rotation and slide unit, play and lubricate purpose online, its Two is to have abrading section or component locations to arrange oil circuit and pump nozzle thereof or lubricator cup in systems, in order to lubricates in real time and adds Adding machine oil or oils and fats, it three is grease-box or the band cavate axle arranging box bearing support structure in spring bearing appropriate location Hold the lubricant reservoir/case of supporting structure, in order to while to spring bearing lubrication and cooling, also can solve power transmission shaft and solely Cantilevered axle problem produced by staking, it four is to combine according to physical location, space and lubrication needs or compound apolegamy is above-mentioned Two kinds of composition lubricating arrangements of at least a part of which in three kinds of lubrication strategies.

The permanent magnetic speed-adjusting of scalable couples magnetic flux as above, braking or load device, it is characterised in that be provided with and make System be integral structure assembly or/and integration assembling mechanism, the assembly of integral structure include system base/pedestal/ Support, master end support, passive side stand, brake holder, housing/outer housing, loadwheel, belt pulley or/and belt stress, or What person was provided between driving disc spacing pressing and driven disc plays support and the central minor axis spring bearing assembly of slip isolation, integration group Mounting mechanism is carried out matching and combine adaptation constituted by assembly or the selection at least one of which kind parts of following nine kinds of structures, one Being for assembling and to prevent the fastening kit loosened, it two is for supporting driving disc spacing pressing and adapting to power output shaft and driving shaft Shaft coupling joining driving disc spacing pressing power transmission shaft and active bracket assembly thereof, it three is for supporting driven disc and adapting to bearing axle Driven disc power transmission shaft joining with driven axle shaft coupling and passive carriage assembly thereof, it four is for security protection, dust-proof, fall Make an uproar, build ventilating path or coolant and seal structure and outer housing attractive in appearance or housing, or select to arrange band insulation material layer from Heart fan type/axial flow blower formula split outer housing or overall outer housing, it five is that they six for final assembly and field erected support Being for supporting cooling holder in coolant device, it seven is for adaptive horizontal or the driving disc spacing pressing support of vertical system, driven disc Support, cooling holder, brush collector support, support, bearing assembly, suitable transmission shaft component are or/and shaft coupling, and they are eight years old Being to adapt to actively mutually support the support isolation bearing overcoming cantilever shortcoming between coupling body and passive coupling body, they are nine years old The center being the central shaft of driving disc spacing pressing and the short axle of hollow centre of driven disc or the hollow center shaft of driving disc spacing pressing and driven disc is short Axle mutual sheathing structure, the two assembles by supporting isolation bearing;Above-mentioned cooling holder, driving disc spacing pressing support, driven disc support, Brush collector support, outer housing/housing, centrifugal-fan-type split outer housing/entirety outer housing, axial flow blower formula split outer housing/entirety The short axle of outer housing, central shaft, hollow centre, hollow center shaft, central minor axis, loadwheel, belt pulley, tension pulley/tensioning dress Put with in support at least one can carry out dual-purpose, combine or merge being integrally formed composite structure, above-mentioned driven disc support Having two kinds of structures to arrange for apolegamy with driving disc spacing pressing support, a kind of is for supporting the board-like of drive bearing/bearing holder (housing, cover) or frame-type Structure, a kind of is to double as grease-box and overcome the case structure of cantilevered axle shortcoming for supporting drive bearing/bearing holder (housing, cover).

The permanent magnetic speed-adjusting of scalable couples magnetic flux as above, braking or load device, it is characterised in that at driving disc spacing pressing Arrange between coupling body and driven disc coupling body or between driving disc spacing pressing coupling body and brake disc coupling body locking/ Arrangement of clutch and operating mechanism thereof, locking/arrangement of clutch has following seven kinds of technical patterns, first friction/elastic-friction clutch Structure, active and passive friction portion is separately mounted to the corresponding adaptation of active/passive dish or active/brake disc and coupling body thereof Position, makes locking/arrangement of clutch realize clutch by operating mechanism, and it two is active/passive dish or active/brake disc and connection thereof The end face pin hole spring column pin power transmission formula structure of axis mechanism, at active/passive dish or active/brake disc and coupling body thereof Adaptive circumference on be respectively provided with at least one pin-and-hole and at least one spring column pin, make spring column pin stretch by operating mechanism Entering or exit pin-and-hole, it three is taper shank taper sleeve type structure, at active/passive dish or active/brake disc and coupling body thereof Adapting position be respectively provided with taper shank and tapered sleeve, make taper shank put in by operating mechanism or exit tapered sleeve, it four is band post The taper shank taper sleeve type structure of pin/key, essentially identical with taper shank taper sleeve type structure, simply arrange on the conical surface of taper shank Elastic double inclined plane pin/key, the position that the conical surface at tapered sleeve is corresponding arranges adaptive column pin hole/keyway, and taper shank puts in tapered sleeve process Elastic double inclined plane pin/key, due to the effect of an inclined-plane power thereon, makes elastic double inclined plane pin/key drop-head, until right Should live the column pin hole/keyway on tapered sleeve and snap into column pin hole/keyway, playing power transmission function, taper shank is elastic during exiting tapered sleeve Double inclined plane pin/key, due to the effect of another inclined-plane power thereon, makes elastic double inclined plane pin/key drop-head and releases pin Hole/keyway, taper shank can exit tapered sleeve smoothly, and it five is the shaft coupling structure of adaptive axial clutch, and it six is adaptive axial clutch " spline housing spline " formula structure, it seven is " gear ring gear " or spider gear group formula structure, above-mentioned technical pattern In can be selected for electronic, pneumatic, hydraulic friction plate/pin/key and substitute the elastic friction block/post in above-mentioned six kinds of structures Pin/elastic bevel surface pin/elastic key, to constitute automatic control on/off " Hard link " or the structure of braking;Operating mechanism is similar to The stick structure of vehicle mechanical change speed gear box.

The permanent magnetic speed-adjusting of scalable couples magnetic flux as above, braking or load device, it is characterised in that on the one hand its Actively the input side of coupling body/hold with rotate class power source output shaft and be connected, the outlet side of passive coupling body/hold and rotate Class load power shaft couples, and matches suitable speed setting controller and speed governing electric supply installation, becomes permanent magnetism stepless speed adjusting gear/speed change Device, Permanent Magnet Clutch or permanent magnet soft starter, two aspects are arranged on the automatic transmission/wet type of conventional traffic means of transport it In speed changer structure, substitute fluid torque-converter assembly with permanent magnet coupling dish and Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk assembly, its active shaft coupling Input side/the end of mechanism couples with the output shaft of motor/internal combustion engine, the outlet side/end of passive coupling body and spider gear The power input shaft of group or gear pair is connected, and selects adaptive variator auxiliary body, system operational parameters sensor, power transmission Control module/electronic control unit, matches suitable speed setting controller and speed governing electric supply installation, or is coupled in machine system Central controller/module and power subsystem, become the permanent magnetism automatic transmission in transport facility,.

The permanent magnetic speed-adjusting of scalable couples magnetic flux as above, braking or load device, it is characterised in that the first is forever Magnetic modulated brake/load device structure be actively coupling body input side/hold with rotate the defeated of class power source or equipment under test Shaft is connected, and braking coupling body is connected with the most revolvable fixing axle, flange or support are connected, and match suitable braking control Device processed and braking electric supply installation;The second permanent magnetism modulated brake/load device structure is that permanent magnet coupling assembly is arranged on tradition Brake/brake structure in, its driving disc spacing pressing/armature disc arranges or is compound to wheel hub/power transmission shaft adapting position, brake disc/magnetic flux Switching regulator permanent magnetic disk by braking coupling mechanism be installed on chassis/crane span structure, on rail vehicle bogie, on undercarriage or Become permanent magnet coupling brake gear on plant equipment support/body/support, match suitable brake monitor and braking power supply Device, or central controller/module of being coupled in machine system and power subsystem;The third permanent magnetism modulated brake/load dress Putting structure is on the basis of the second permanent magnetism modulated brake/load device structure, compound in wheel hub/power transmission shaft appropriate location or Disc brake/drum traditional in combination is stopped or/and hand brake device i.e. constitutes compound permanent magnetism modulated brake/load device structure.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the principles and structure cut-away illustration of embodiment 1.

Fig. 2 is annulus tabular metallic conductor armature disc left view in Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is the right view of axial couples magnetic flux switching regulator permanent magnetic disk in Fig. 1.

Fig. 4 is the left view of axial couples magnetic flux switching regulator permanent magnetic disk in Fig. 1.

Fig. 5 is the principles and structure cut-away illustration of embodiment 2.

Fig. 6 is pot grate formula armature disc left view in Fig. 5.

Fig. 7 is the right view of axial couples magnetic flux switching regulator permanent magnetic disk in Fig. 5.

Fig. 8 is the left view of axial couples magnetic flux switching regulator permanent magnetic disk in Fig. 5.

Fig. 9 is the principles and structure cut-away illustration of embodiment 3.

Figure 10 is the radial cross-section of radially couples magnetic flux switching regulator permanent magnetic disk in Fig. 9.

Figure 11 is the right view of radially couples magnetic flux switching regulator permanent magnetic disk in Fig. 9.

Figure 12 is the radial cross-section of cylinder tubulose metallic conductor armature disc in Fig. 9.

Figure 13 is the axial sectional view of cylinder tubulose metallic conductor armature disc in Fig. 9.

Figure 14 is the principles and structure cut-away illustration of embodiment 4.

Figure 15 is the right view of mixed type Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk in Figure 14.

Figure 16 is the sectional view of mixed type Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk in Figure 14.

Figure 17 is the radial cross-section of squirrel-cage armature dish in Figure 14.

Figure 18 is the axial sectional view of squirrel-cage armature dish in Figure 14.

Figure 19 is the principles and structure cut-away illustration of embodiment 5.

Figure 20 is the left view of the Flux switch dish of split type Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk in Figure 19.

Figure 21 is the sectional view of the permanent magnetism-yoke dish of split type Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk in Figure 19.

Figure 22 is the radial cross-section of individual pen wound armature dish in Figure 19 (individual pen O type closed coil armature dish).

Figure 23 is the axial sectional view of individual pen wound armature dish in Figure 19 (individual pen O type closed coil armature dish).

Figure 24 is the principles and structure cut-away illustration of embodiment 6.

Figure 25 is the radial direction cut-away illustration of Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk in Figure 24.

Figure 26 is the principles and structure cut-away illustration of embodiment 7.

Figure 27 is the radial direction cut-away illustration of Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk in Figure 26.

Figure 28 is the principles and structure cut-away illustration of embodiment 8.

Figure 29 is the right view of permanent magnet coupling dish in Figure 28.

Figure 30 is the principles and structure cut-away illustration of embodiment 9.

Figure 31 is the principles and structure cut-away illustration of embodiment 10.

Figure 32 is the principles and structure cut-away illustration of embodiment 11.

Figure 33 is the radial direction cut-away illustration of Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk in Figure 32.

Figure 34 is the principles and structure cut-away illustration of embodiment 12.

Figure 35 is the radial direction cut-away illustration of Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk in Figure 34.

Figure 36 is the principles and structure cut-away illustration of embodiment 13.

Figure 37 is hand-held remote control speed regulator schematic diagram.

Figure 38 is the radial direction cut-away illustration of Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk in Figure 36.

Figure 39 is the principles and structure cut-away illustration of embodiment 14.

Figure 40 is the radial direction cut-away illustration of Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk in Figure 39.

Figure 41 is the principles and structure cut-away illustration of embodiment 15.

Figure 42 is the radial direction of radial magnetic field multi-turn wound armature dish in Figure 41 (two circle juxtaposition O type closed coil armature dishes) Cut-away illustration.

Figure 43 is the axial of radial magnetic field multi-turn wound armature dish in Figure 41 (two circle juxtaposition O type closed coil armature dishes) Cut-away illustration.

Figure 44 is the principles and structure cut-away illustration of embodiment 16.

Figure 45 is that the radial direction of axial magnetic field multi-turn wound armature dish in Figure 41 (three circle coiling closed coil armature dishes) is cutd open Cut schematic diagram.

Figure 46 is the principles and structure cut-away illustration of embodiment 17.

Figure 47 is the radial direction cut-away illustration of Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk in Figure 41.

Figure 48 is the principles and structure cut-away illustration of embodiment 18.

Figure 49 is the radial direction cut-away illustration of driving disc spacing pressing and driven disc in Figure 48.

Figure 50 is the principles and structure cut-away illustration of embodiment 19.

Figure 51 is the radial direction cut-away illustration of driving disc spacing pressing and driven disc in Figure 50.

Figure 52 is the principles and structure cut-away illustration of embodiment 20.

Figure 53 is the principles and structure cut-away illustration of embodiment 21.

Figure 54 is the principles and structure scheme block diagram of embodiment 22.

Figure 55 is the principles and structure scheme block diagram of embodiment 23.

Figure 56 is speed setting controller or brake monitor principles and structure scheme one block diagram.

Figure 57 is speed setting controller or brake monitor principles and structure scheme two block diagram.

Figure 58 is speed setting controller or brake monitor principles and structure scheme three block diagram.

Figure 59 is speed setting controller or brake monitor principles and structure scheme four block diagram.

Figure 60 is airborne speed setting controller embodiment principles and structure scheme block diagram.

Figure 61 is telecontrolling speed regulator embodiment principles and structure scheme block diagram.

Figure 62 is airborne manual governing controller embodiment principles and structure scheme block diagram.

Detailed description of the invention

Embodiment 1

As shown in Fig. 1,2,3 and 4 and Figure 56, Figure 57, Figure 58 or Figure 59, it is that " one group of axial magnetic field " mono-layer single-face is forever The permanent magnetic speed-adjusting shaft coupling of the carousel-type scalable couples magnetic flux that magnetic coupling assembly is constituted, mainly by the permanent magnetism coupling as driving disc spacing pressing Conjunction dish (120), as driven disc Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk (101) constitute.Permanent magnet coupling dish (120) is by axial magnetic field metal Conductor armature disc (121) and yoke back of the body dish (125) composition, Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk (101) by permanent magnetic disk body (109), eight Group permanent magnet (102) and eight groups of Flux switches bypassed for controlling permanent magnet couples magnetic flux path form, and Flux switch is by electricity Pole core (103), electromagnet coil (104) and yoke (105) are constituted, electromagnet pole (N, S) and the magnetic of permanent magnet (102) Pole (N, S) direction is consistent, and wherein electromagnet core (103) and yoke (105) use grafting or/and lamination stalloy is fabricated to " U " type unit overall structure, yoke (105) the magnetic flux coupling surface (100) on Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk (101) is by coupling gas Gap (127) forms axial magnetic field metallic conductor permanent magnet coupling assembly with axial magnetic field metallic conductor armature disc (121), in main passive Dish split type rotating disk air gap coupled structure, the magnetic flux coupling surface (100) of yoke (105) laying structure in permanent magnet coupling assembly It is laid staggeredly structure for axial magnetic field N and S magnetic pole;The N-S two ends of the magnetic flux coupling surface of set of permanent magnets (102) on driven disc in Circumference is arranged to adaptation, and the N-S two ends of electric magnet are circumferentially arranged to adaptation on driven disc;Driving disc spacing pressing coupling body is locking Ring flange (126), the integrated hole countersunk connection that driven disc coupling body axle key (140), central minor axis (141) and axle head thereof are arranged Axle sleeve (142) and locking plate (143) are constituted, and electric magnet electric supply installation is brush collector (or diverter) (130), brush current collection Device (130) is fixed by current collector support (133), electromagnet coil (104) in parallel/parallel connection of series connection or symmetrical packet/ Connect by cable (150) is corresponding with the slip ring binding post (131) in brush collector (130) after series connection/connection in series-parallel, electricity It is provided with brush binding post (132) on brush current collector (130) and the output by cable with controller is plugged into, electromagnet coil (104) two ends parallel connection fly-wheel diode (151), driving disc spacing pressing (120) is provided with axial fan blade (122) and axial ducts/air holes (123) air cooling equipment constituted and the integrated air-cooled device of axial screw fan blade spoke (124), driven disc is provided with on (101) The radial air cooling device that radially centrifugation blade (110) and air channel/air holes (111) are constituted.

Operation principle: when speed setting controller is not powered to electric magnet, permanent magnet (102) yoke (105)-electric magnet Iron core (103) constitutes the bypass magnetic flux path of complete closed loop, and yoke (105) magnetic flux coupling surface (100) does not has outside the permanent-magnet magnetic line of force Let out, now the coupling air gap (127) between Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk (101) and permanent magnet coupling dish (120) does not has permanent magnet (102) pass through with the magnetic line of force that produces of electric magnet (103,104), Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk (101) and permanent magnet coupling dish (121) Between will not produce magnetic couple, be equivalent to main driven axle be in disconnection or power off state;When speed setting controller is given each When electromagnet coil (104) carries out interval/pulse power supply with parallel/series form simultaneously or give electromagnet coil (104) with right Parallel/series/connection in series-parallel block form is claimed to carry out timesharing and time intermittent pulse is powered, from microcosmic: driven disc Flux switch Produce between formula permanent magnetic disk (101) and driving disc spacing pressing permanent magnet coupling dish (121) is interval magnetic couple moment of torsion or formation interval Power is flexible coupling transmission;But from macroscopically: driven disc Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk (101) and driving disc spacing pressing permanent magnet coupling dish (121) adjustable, lasting, stable magnetic moment of torsion can be produced between, and along with speed setting controller is to its output voltage, electricity Stream, frequency, or/and the parameters such as dutycycle carry out Reasonable adjustment regularly, reach the size of regulation transmission magnetic moment of torsion;Work as speed governing When controller is to the voltage/current that electric magnet offer is stable, the rotating speed of driven disc nearly or substantially reaches the rotating speed of driving disc spacing pressing and (deposits Slippage less), now, continue to heighten the output voltage/electric current of speed setting controller, the rotating speed of driven disc can be closer to actively The rotating speed (slippage can be less) of dish.In sum, the present embodiment achieves the function of permanent magnetism stepless speed regulation shaft coupling.

Embodiment 2

As shown in Fig. 5,6,7 and 8 and Figure 56, Figure 57, Figure 58 or Figure 59, it is that " one group of axial magnetic field " mono-layer single-face is forever Permanent magnet braking/the load device of the carousel-type scalable couples magnetic flux that magnetic coupling assembly is constituted, mainly by as brake disc forever Magnetic coupling dish (220), as driving disc spacing pressing Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk (201) constitute.Permanent magnet coupling dish (220) is by axial magnetic field Pot grate formula armature disc (221) and yoke back of the body dish (225) form, Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk (201) by permanent magnetic disk body (209), Eight groups of permanent magnets (202) and eight groups for controlling the Flux switches composition of permanent magnet couples magnetic flux path bypass, Flux switch by Electromagnet core (203), electromagnet coil (204) and yoke (205) are constituted, electromagnet pole (N, S) and permanent magnet (202) Magnetic pole (N, S) direction is consistent, and wherein electromagnet core (203) and yoke (205) use stalloy/soft iron/ferrite/ferromagnetic material Material is fabricated to the integrated overall structure of integration fluted disc type, yoke (205) the magnetic flux coupling on Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk (201) Conjunction face (200) forms axial magnetic field pot grate formula permanent magnetism coupling by coupling air gap (227) with axial magnetic field pot grate formula armature disc (221) Seaming element, moves split type rotating disk air gap coupled structure in main dish processed, and brake disc coupling body is by the brake axle being fixed on support (226) constituting with axle key (239), driving disc spacing pressing coupling body axle key (240) and central minor axis (241) are constituted, and electric magnet is for Denso Put and be made up of brush collector (230) and current collector support (233), electromagnet coil (204) in parallel/series connection or symmetrical By cable (250) and the slip ring binding post (231) in brush collector (230) after the parallel/series/connection in series-parallel of packet Corresponding connection, brush collector (230) is provided with brush binding post (232) and the output by cable with controller connects Refuting, electromagnet coil (204) two ends parallel connection fly-wheel diode (251), brake disc (220) above arranges by cooling water tank (261), enters The immersion refrigerant cooling device that the mouth of a river (260) and outlet (263) are constituted, driving disc spacing pressing (201) is upper to be arranged by fin, radially The radial air cooling device (210) that centrifugation blade and air channel/air holes are constituted.

Operation principle: when brake monitor is not powered to electric magnet, permanent magnet (202)-yoke (205)-electric magnet Iron core (203) constitutes the bypass magnetic flux path of complete closed loop, and yoke (205) magnetic flux coupling surface (200) does not has outside the permanent-magnet magnetic line of force Let out, now the coupling air gap (227) between Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk (201) and permanent magnet coupling dish (220) does not has permanent magnet (202) pass through, between Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk (201) and permanent magnet coupling dish (221) with the magnetic line of force that produces of electric magnet (203) Magnetic couple will not be produced, not by coupling Braking or brake force dissengaged positions on driving disc spacing pressing;Work as brake monitor When carrying out interval/pulse power supply with parallel/series form to each electromagnet coil (204) or to electromagnet coil simultaneously (204) timesharing is carried out with symmetric parallel/series connection/connection in series-parallel block form and time intermittent pulse is powered, from microcosmic: driving disc spacing pressing Interval magnetic couple braking torque can be produced between Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk (201) and brake disc permanent magnet coupling dish (221), or Person's driving disc spacing pressing Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk (201) is by interval point braking power effect;From macroscopically: driving disc spacing pressing Flux switch Adjustable, lasting, stable braking magnetic moment of torsion can be produced between formula permanent magnetic disk (201) and brake disc permanent magnet coupling dish (221), And along with the output voltage of speed setting controller, electric current, frequency are or/and the change of dutycycle, can reach regulation braking magnetic moment of torsion Size, when brake monitor provides stable voltage/current to electric magnet, the braking magnetic moment of torsion that brake disc is subject to is to permanent magnetism Maximum coupling magnetic moment of torsion, now, continues to heighten the output voltage/electric current of brake monitor, the braking magnetic moment of torsion that brake disc is subject to May proceed to increase.In sum, the present embodiment achieves the function of permanent magnetism stepless speed regulation shaft coupling.It is achieved thereby that contactless, The function of stepless adjustable permanent magnet braking/load device.

Embodiment 3

As shown in Fig. 9,10,11,12 and 13 and Figure 56, Figure 57, Figure 58 or Figure 59, it is " one group of radial magnetic field " monolayer The permanent magnetic speed-adjusting shaft coupling of the rotary drum type scalable couples magnetic flux that one side permanent magnet coupling assembly is constituted, mainly by as driving disc spacing pressing Permanent magnet coupling dish (320), as driven disc Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk (301) constitute.Permanent magnet coupling dish (320) is by radial direction magnetic Field metallic conductor armature disc (321) and yoke back of the body dish (325) composition, Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk (301) is by permanent magnetic disk body (309), eight groups of " U " type Nd-Fe-B permanent magnets (302) and eight groups of magnetic fluxs bypassed for controlling permanent magnet couples magnetic flux path are opened Closing (303,304) composition, Flux switch is made up of electromagnet core (303) and electromagnet coil (304), electromagnet pole (N, S) consistent with magnetic pole (N, S) direction of " U " type permanent magnet (302) or with holding setting, wherein electromagnet core (303) uses silicon steel Sheet/soft iron/ferrite/ferromagnetic material is fabricated to long strip type structure, " U " the type permanent magnet on Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk (301) N, S end face magnetic flux coupling surface (300) by coupling air gap (327) with radial magnetic field metallic conductor armature disc (321) form Radial magnetic field metallic conductor permanent magnet coupling assembly, in main driven disc split type rotating cylinder air gap coupled structure, the magnetic of permanent magnet (302) The logical coupling surface (300) laying structure in permanent magnet coupling assembly is radial magnetic field N and S magnetic pole is laid staggeredly structure;" U " type is forever The N-S two ends (300) of the magnetic flux coupling surface of magnet group (302) are circumferentially arranged to adaptation on driven disc, the N-S two of electric magnet End is the most circumferentially arranged to adaptation on driven disc;Driving disc spacing pressing coupling body is expansion sleeve (326), driven disc coupling body axle key (340), the axis hole that central minor axis (341), central minor axis (341) are arranged/axle head bearing axle counterbore (344) and shaft coupling flange (342) and locking coupling band (343) constitute;It addition, be additionally provided with brush collector (330), speed setting controller (390) and electric magnet Coil (304), driving disc spacing pressing (320) is provided with axial radiator and radial direction radiator (322).The operation principle of the present embodiment is basic Essentially identical with the operation principle of embodiment 1.

Embodiment 4

As shown in Figure 14,15,16,17 and 18 and Figure 56, Figure 57, Figure 58 or Figure 59, it is that " one group of radial magnetic field " is single The permanent magnetic speed-adjusting shaft coupling of the rotary drum type scalable couples magnetic flux that layer one side permanent magnet coupling assembly is constituted, mainly by as driving disc spacing pressing Permanent magnet coupling dish (420), as driven disc hybrid Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk (401) constitute.Permanent magnet coupling dish (420) Being made up of radial magnetic field squirrel-cage armature dish (421) and yoke back of the body dish, hybrid Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk (401) is by permanent magnetic disk Body (409), six groups of box-shaped permanent magnets (402) and corresponding six groups are for controlling the magnetic of permanent magnet couples magnetic flux path bypass Open up pass, four groups of shoe permanent magnets (466) and two permanent magnetic dipole yoke (467) is formed, permanent magnetic disk is spaced direct coupling Two couples symmetrically arranged permanent magnetic dipole closed arranges the permanent magnet of Flux switch and adaptation thereof and constitutes hybrid (466,467) Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk (401), electromagnet core and yoke in Flux switch are divided into two modular constructions, each module The Flux switch changing structure is made up of three " U " type cellular constructions, radially fixes air gap (427) coupling knot between main driven disc Structure, is provided with central minor axis (441) and driven disc key (440) thereof and axle head keyway (443), passive in driven disc coupling body Disc carrier (433) and spring bearing (470), bearing block (471) and bearing cover (472), brush collector (430) and just Ground power supply speed setting controller (490) is installed to the driven disc support (433) of integration composite structure, driving disc spacing pressing circumferential outer surface Be provided with radially radiator (415), the yoke barrel of driving disc spacing pressing (420) rotating cylinder (425) is provided with radial integrated mouse cage from Heart-wind syndrome leaf and air channel (410), the back of the body dish/ring flange/end cap of driving disc spacing pressing (420) rotating cylinder (425) is provided with axial turbofan type spoke Bar and air channel (424).The operation principle of the present embodiment is the most essentially identical with the operation principle of embodiment 1.

Embodiment 5

As shown in Figure 19,20,21,22 and 23 and Figure 56, Figure 57, Figure 58 or Figure 59, it is that " one group of radial magnetic field " is single The rotary drum type permanent magnet pulley speed regulator that layer one side permanent magnet coupling assembly is constituted, mainly by the permanent magnet coupling dish as driving disc spacing pressing (520), modularized combination type Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk (501) as driven disc is constituted.Permanent magnet coupling dish (520) is by radially Magnetic field individual pen wound armature dish (521) and yoke back of the body dish (525) composition, modularized combination type Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk (501) it is used for controlling permanent magnet couples magnetic flux by permanent magnetic disk body (509), ten groups of shoe permanent magnets (502) and corresponding ten groups " work " pattern massing Flux switch (505,506,503,504,591) composition of path bypass, wherein yoke (505) and permanent magnet (502) adaptation is arranged on permanent magnetic disk body (509), tubular that yoke (506) is integrated or tubulose, " U " type electric magnet ferrum Core (503) and its electromagnet coil 504 are arranged on electromagnetism iron pan (591), permanent magnetic disk body (509) and electromagnetism iron pan (591) isolate adaptive with minim gap or insulating paper and be installed in central minor axis (541), Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk (501) On yoke (505) magnetic flux coupling surface (500) by coupling air gap (527) with radial magnetic field individual pen wound armature dish (521) Composition radial magnetic field wound armature permanent magnet coupling assembly, in main driven disc split type rotating cylinder fixed radial air gap coupled structure, Central minor axis (541) and driven disc axle key (540) thereof and belt pulley keyway and belt pulley it is provided with in driven disc coupling body (543), driven disc support (533) and spring bearing (570), bearing block (571) and bearing cover (572), brush current collection Device (530) and speed setting controller (590) are installed to the driven disc support (533) of integration composite structure, outside driving disc spacing pressing circumference Surface and end face are provided with radially radiator (515) and gridding air channel (516), and the back of the body dish of driving disc spacing pressing (520) rotating cylinder (525)/ Axially integral fan blade (524) and air channel (523) it are provided with on flange, the back of the body dish/ring flange of driven disc (501) rotating cylinder (525)/ Air channel/air vent (512) it is provided with on end cap.The operation principle of the present embodiment basic phase with the operation principle of embodiment 1 substantially With.

Embodiment 6

As shown in Figure 24 and 25 and Figure 56, Figure 57, Figure 58 or Figure 59, it is " two groups of axial magnetic fields " double-layer and double-side permanent magnetism Coupling assembly constitute carousel-type permanent-magnet speed governor, mainly by the permanent magnet coupling dish (620) as driving disc spacing pressing, as driven disc Modular Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk (601) is constituted.Permanent magnet coupling dish (620) by axial magnetic field metallic conductor armature disc (621, 681) with yoke back of the body dish (625,680) form, modular Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk (601) by permanent magnetic disk body (609), eight groups Square permanent magnet (602) and corresponding eight groups for control the bypass of permanent magnet couples magnetic flux path Flux switch (603,604, 605) composition, wherein yoke (605), electromagnet core (603) and its electromagnet coil (604) Component units formula " U " type structure, Yoke (605) magnetic flux coupling surface (600) on Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk (601) by coupling air gap (627) respectively with axially Magnetic field metallic conductor armature disc (621) composition axial magnetic field metallic conductor armature permanent magnet coupling assembly, split type in main driven disc Axial air-gap coupled structure fixed by dish of walking around, and is provided with central minor axis (641) and driven disc axle thereof in driven disc coupling body Key (640) and load shaft coupling keyway (643), driven disc support (633) and spring bearing (670), bearing block (671) and bearing Seat end cap (672), brush collector (630) and speed setting controller (690) are installed to the driven disc of integration composite structure and prop up Frame (633), driving disc spacing pressing circumferential outer surface and end face are provided with radially radiator (615), on the back of the body dish/flange of driving disc spacing pressing (620) It is provided with axial radiator (622) and air channel (624), the drum wall of driven disc (601) is provided with air channel and mouse cage fan blade spoke Bar (610).The operation principle of the present embodiment is the most essentially identical with the operation principle of embodiment 1.

Embodiment 7

As shown in Figure 26 and 27 and Figure 56, Figure 57, Figure 58 or Figure 59, it is " one group of axial magnetic field+group radially magnetic " single-layer double-side permanent magnet coupling assembly constitute rotating disk rotary drum type permanent-magnet speed governor, mainly by the permanent magnet coupling as driving disc spacing pressing Dish (720), as driven disc Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk (701) constitute.Permanent magnet coupling dish (720) is by radial magnetic field cartridge type gold Belong to conductor armature disc (723) and yoke back of the body dish (725), axial magnetic field circular plate type metallic conductor armature disc (721) and yoke Back of the body dish (725) forms, and Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk (701) is by permanent magnetic disk body (709), permanent magnet (702) and Flux switch (703,704,705) form, and wherein yoke (705) and " U " type electric magnet (703) are split type combining, Flux switch formula Two coupling surfaces (700) of the yoke (705) on permanent magnetic disk (701) by coupling air gap (727,787) respectively with axial magnetic field Disk type metal conductor armature disc (721) and radial magnetic field cartridge type metallic conductor armature disc (723) form axial magnetic field disc type and footpath To magnetic field cartridge type metallic conductor armature permanent magnet coupling assembly, the coupling knot in main driven disc split type rotating disk rotating cylinder fixed radial air gap Structure, the magnetic flux coupling surface (700) of yoke (705) laying structure in permanent magnet coupling assembly is that axial magnetic field N and S magnetic pole interlock Laying structure, the magnetic flux coupling surface (788) of yoke (705) laying structure in permanent magnet coupling assembly is radial magnetic field N and S magnetic Pole is laid staggeredly structure;Central minor axis (741) and driven disc axle key (740) thereof and load it is provided with in driven disc coupling body Shaft coupling keyway (743), driven disc support (733) and spring bearing (770) thereof, bearing block (771) and bearing cover (772), Brush collector (730) and speed setting controller (790) are installed to the driven disc support (733) of integration composite structure, actively Dish is provided with open circuit duct type refrigerant cooling device, close for cooling down the both-end single-chamber of permanent magnet coupling assembly including a set of adaptation Envelope body (764), coolant input port (760), coolant input annular seal space (724), input cooling pipe (710), coolant spout (722) cooling holder (734) and integration support (735), it are additionally provided with.The operation principle of the present embodiment is basic and embodiment 1 Operation principle is essentially identical.

Embodiment 8

As shown in Figure 28 and 29 and Figure 56, Figure 57, Figure 58 or Figure 59, it is " one group of axial magnetic field+group radially magnetic " single-layer double-side carousel-type permanent-magnet speed governor, being in of the present embodiment and above-described embodiment particularly embodiment 7 main difference In: the refrigerant cooling device of employing is the outer refrigerant cooling device of spray/direct-firing refrigerant cooling device or dish, and it is included in main quilt Moving plate (801) outside arranges spray/direct-firing strong cold pipeline and pipeline (860), at the upper radiating groove arranged of driving disc spacing pressing (801) Fin (828), grid type refrigerant passage (816), coolant nozzle (817) and circumference radially radiating vane (810), coolant passes through Coolant input port (860), annular cooling conduit road (861) and coolant nozzle (817) thereof, directly spray or blow-through are to main driven disc (801) heat generating components on, and grid type coolant cooling pipe (816) on main driven disc enters the interior of permanent magnet coupling assembly Side, reaches the purpose of heat radiation.The operation principle of the present embodiment is the most essentially identical with the operation principle of embodiment 1.

Embodiment 9

As shown in Figure 30 and Figure 56, Figure 57, Figure 58 or Figure 59, it is " one group of axial magnetic field " mono-layer single-face rotating disk profile shaft The permanent magnet coupling speed regulator that double permanent magnet coupling assemblies are constituted to magnetic field, the present embodiment is with above-described embodiment particularly embodiment 7 not It is with part: the permanent magnet coupling dish (920) as driving disc spacing pressing is made up of permanent magnetism body disc (921) and yoke back of the body dish (925), permanent magnetism Body disc (921) is axial by coupling air gap (927) composition with the magnetic flux coupling surface (900) on Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk (901) The double permanent magnet coupling assembly in magnetic field;Plug into afterflow device (951) in electromagnet coil two ends;Flux switch formula in the present embodiment is forever Disk body (909) preferably with non-conductor every magnetic (such as high strength organic material, north material, nonconducting synthetic material etc., certainly May be used without conductor material adaptive driven disc heat radiation/refrigerant cooling device) material makes.The operation principle of the present embodiment is basic Substantially similar with the operation principle of embodiment 1.

Embodiment 10

As shown in Figure 31 and Figure 56, Figure 57, Figure 58 or Figure 59, it is " one group of axial magnetic field " mono-layer single-face carousel-type two The permanent magnet coupling speed regulator of the double permanent magnet coupling modular construction of the axial magnetic field that secondary Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk is constituted, the present embodiment with It is in place of above-described embodiment particularly embodiment 9 main difference: the permanent magnet coupling dish of driving disc spacing pressing is also Flux switch formula permanent magnetism Dish (1020), Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk (1020) leads to the magnetic flux coupling surface (1000) on Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk (1001) The double permanent magnet coupling assembly of overcoupling air gap (1027) composition axial magnetic field.The operation principle of the present embodiment is basic and embodiment 1 The output that can separately or concurrently operate speed setting controller (1030) unlike operation principle reaches the function of speed governing.

Embodiment 11

As shown in Figure 32 and 33 and Figure 56, Figure 57, Figure 58 or Figure 59, it is " two groups of radial magnetic fields " double-layer and double-side rotary drum type The permanent magnet coupling speed regulator of radial magnetic field metallic conductor permanent magnet coupling modular construction, the present embodiment and above-described embodiment main difference Part is: 1. driving disc spacing pressing is inside and outside double-barrel structure, and urceolus inner periphery is provided with tubular radially metallic conductor armature disc (1121), interior Cylinder excircle is provided with tubular radially metallic conductor armature disc (1181);Driven disc is that internal and external circumference arranges double magnetic flux coupling surface (1100) Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk (1101), electromagnet core and yoke assembly in six Flux switches are fabricated to respectively " work " type unit overall structure;In two radially fixed air gap (1127) coupled structure couplings between main driven disc;2. driving disc spacing pressing On the three end two-chamber closed-circuit pipe/pipeline type refrigerant cooling device of a set of adaptation is set, it is by seal body (1164), water inlet pipe Road (1124), coolant input port (1160), coolant delivery outlet (1161) and outlet conduit (1126) composition;3. electromagnet coil (1104) parallel connection (1150) is docked with on the binding post (1131) of brush collector (1130) slip ring.The work of the present embodiment is former Reason is the most essentially identical with the operation principle of embodiment 1.

Embodiment 12

As shown in Figure 34 and 35 and Figure 62, it is " one group of axial magnetic field+group radial magnetic field " single-layer double-side permanent magnet coupling Assembly constitute rotating disk rotary drum type belt pulley permanent-magnet speed governor, mainly by as driving disc spacing pressing permanent magnet coupling dish (1220), be used as The belt pulley (1243) that Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk (1201) of driven disc, hollow centre short axle (1241) outer end are installed is constituted. The present embodiment is in place of embodiment 7 main difference: be 1. provided that natural air cooled radiator on the driving disc spacing pressing of this example (1222);2. the central shaft (1245) of the motor side of driving disc spacing pressing and hollow centre short axle (1241) mutual sheathing of driven disc, two Person assembles by supporting isolation bearing (1272);3. speed setting controller is closed-down manual on-board controller (1252), and its principle is joined See Figure 62;The electric supply installation of speed setting controller is onboard generators (1254), i.e. at central shaft (1245) and the short axle of hollow centre (1241) p-m rotor and the stator of Miniature permanent magnet slippage electromotor it are set with between;Due in this embodiment, its center All the time there is slip between axle (1245) and the short axle of hollow centre (1241), therefore can send electric power, its generating output is directly plugged into To the power input (1256) of airborne speed setting controller (1252), during by shutting down, operation keyboard/push button pad (1253) sets Speed-regulating mode, can arrange battery backup as required in speed setting controller.

Embodiment 13

As shown in Figure 36,37 and 38 and Figure 60 and 61, it is " one group of axial magnetic field+two group radial magnetic field " monolayer three Permanent magnet coupling assembly constitute rotating disk rotary drum type permanent-magnet speed governor, mainly by as driving disc spacing pressing permanent magnet coupling dish (1320), use Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk (1301) making driven disc is constituted.The present embodiment is in place of embodiment 12 main difference: 1. originally Example has three groups of permanent magnet coupling assemblies, i.e. one axial magnetic field metallic conductor armature disc (1321) and two radial magnetic field metals to lead Body armature disc (1382,1381) respectively by fixing air gap (1327,1383,1387) and corresponding Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk it Magnetic flux coupling surface is constituted;The integrally-built magnetic flux of " work " type unit that eight groups of electromagnet cores (1303) and yoke (1305) are constituted Switch is respectively arranged with two set of permanent magnets (1302), to strengthen magnetic moment of torsion or to improve power through-put power;2. driving disc spacing pressing it The central shaft (1345) of motor side and hollow centre short axle (1341) mutual sheathing of driven disc, the short axle of hollow centre (1341) and The driven disc (1301) installed on it is supported by passive side stand assembly (1333,1371,1372,1370) and assembles;3. speed governing Controller is wireless telecommunications on-board controller (1396) and is provided with the hand-held of remote control signal receiver antenna (1397) and adaptation thereof Formula remote controller (1398,1399), its operation principle see Figure 60,61;The electric supply installation of speed setting controller is airborne permanent-magnet slip Electromotor (1354,1355) or for wireless power supply (shown in Figure 60 double dot dash line Blocked portion).

Embodiment 14

As shown in Figure 39 and 40 and Figure 62, it is " two groups of axial magnetic field+group radial magnetic fields " three permanent magnet couplings of monolayer Assembly constitute rotating disk rotary drum type belt pulley permanent-magnet speed governor, mainly by as driving disc spacing pressing permanent magnet coupling dish (1420), be used as The belt pulley (1443) that Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk (1401) of driven disc, hollow centre short axle (1441) outer end are installed is constituted. The present embodiment is in place of embodiment 12 main difference: 1. this example has three groups of permanent magnet coupling assemblies, i.e. two axial magnetic fields Metallic conductor armature disc (1421,1481) and radial magnetic field metallic conductor armature disc (1482) are respectively by fixing air gap (1427,1487,1483) are constituted with the magnetic flux coupling surface of corresponding Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk;;Four groups of electromagnet cores (1403) and the integrally-built Flux switch of " U " type unit of deformation that constitutes of yoke (1405) is respectively arranged with a tile-type Set of permanent magnets (1402), 2. the central shaft (1445) of the motor side of driving disc spacing pressing and the short axle of the hollow centre (1441) of driven disc are through Mutual sheathing, the two by support isolation bearing (1472,1473) assemble;The outside of belt pulley (1443) central shaft (1445) Outer end on passive side stand assembly (1433,1471,1472,1470) is set;3. speed setting controller is the airborne control of closed-down manual Device processed (1452), its principle sees Figure 62;The electric supply installation of speed setting controller be airborne permanent-magnet slip electromotor (1454, 1455)。

Embodiment 15

As shown in Figure 41,42 and 43 and Figure 56, Figure 57, Figure 58 or Figure 59, it is " one group of axial magnetic field+two group radially magnetic " monolayer two sides permanent magnet coupling assembly constitute rotating disk rotary drum type permanent-magnet speed governor, mainly by the permanent magnet coupling as driving disc spacing pressing Dish (1520), as driven disc Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk (1501) constitute.In place of the present embodiment and embodiment 7 main difference It is: 1. this example has three groups of permanent magnet coupling assemblies, and i.e. one axial magnetic field metallic conductor armature disc (1582), two circles are also Put radial magnetic field multi-turn wound armature dish (1521) of O type closing coil structure and a radial magnetic field squirrel-cage armature dish (1581) respectively by the magnetic flux coupling surface structure of fixing air gap (1527,1587,1583) with corresponding Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk Become;This example mainly represents that various different types of armature disc can be used in mixed way and adaptation is arranged in driving disc spacing pressing/driven disc; 2. in the driving disc spacing pressing that refrigerant cooling device is three end two cavate seal component architectures that driving disc spacing pressing is arranged, closed-circuit pipe formula coolant is cold Radiator cooler (1564,1560,1524,1529,1528,1565,1561), including a set of adaptation for cooling down permanent magnet coupling assembly Three end two chambeies seal body (1564), coolant input port (1560), coolant input annular seal space (1524), input cooling pipe (1529), output cooling pipe (1528), coolant output annular seal space (1565), coolant delivery outlet (1561).The work of the present embodiment Make principle the most essentially identical with the operation principle of embodiment 1.

Embodiment 16

As shown in Figure 44 and 45 and Figure 56, Figure 57, Figure 58 or Figure 59, it is " four groups of axial magnetic fields " two-layer four magnetic of series connection The carousel-type permanent-magnet speed governor that the permanent magnet coupling assembly of logical coupling surface is constituted, mainly by the permanent magnet coupling dish as driving disc spacing pressing (1620), Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk (1601) as driven disc is constituted.The present embodiment is in embodiment 6 main difference In: 1. this example has the axial magnetic field permanent magnet coupling assembly of four groups of axial series, is decomposed into the master of two " back-to-back " structures Driven disc permanent magnet coupling assembly is also together arranged in central minor axis (1641), and a main driven disc permanent magnet coupling assembly is by two Axial magnetic field pot grate formula armature disc (1621,1684) is respectively by fixing air gap (1627,1688) and corresponding Flux switch formula The magnetic flux coupling surface of permanent magnetic disk is constituted, and another main driven disc permanent magnet coupling assembly is by two axial magnetic field multi-turn wound armatures Dish (1682,1681) is respectively by the magnetic flux coupling surface of fixing air gap (1687,1689) with corresponding Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk Constitute;2. in the rotating cylinder inner end wall and barrel of driving disc spacing pressing, it is provided with band rotates heat pipe (1615) and fin (1616) group Part, is provided with air channel/air holes (1622) and fan blade (1623) on the rotating disk end wall/flange of driving disc spacing pressing, in order to natural air cooled scattered Heat;3. all solenoids (1604) on driven disc are docked with brush current collection with parallel/series/connection in series-parallel/cascaded structure Device (1630) slip ring binding post (1631).The operation principle of the present embodiment is the most essentially identical with the operation principle of embodiment 1. This example mainly illustrate or represent various different types of armature disc carry out mixing/mashed up or/and be used in series and adaptive arrange Technical scheme in driving disc spacing pressing/driven disc is also one of technical characteristic of the present invention.

Embodiment 17

As shown in Figure 46 and 47 and Figure 56, Figure 57, Figure 58 or Figure 59, it is " three groups of axial magnetic field+four group radial magnetic fields " The rotating disk rotary drum type permanent-magnet speed governor that the permanent magnet coupling assembly of three layers and septi magnetic flux coupling surface is constituted, mainly by being used as passively The permanent magnet coupling dish (1720) of dish, Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk (1701) as driving disc spacing pressing are constituted.The present embodiment and above-mentioned reality It is in place of executing example main difference: 1. three groups of axial magnetic field permanent magnet coupling assemblies are respectively as follows: one is axial magnetic field pot grate formula electricity Pivot dish (1782) is coupled with the magnetic flux of corresponding Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk (1702,1703,1704) by fixing air gap respectively Face is constituted, and second is that axial magnetic field individual pen wound armature dish (1781) is respectively by fixing air gap and corresponding permanent magnetism body disc The magnetic flux coupling surface of (1766,1767) is constituted, and the 3rd is that axial magnetic field metallic conductor armature disc (1786) is respectively by fixing Air gap is constituted with the magnetic flux coupling surface of corresponding Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk (1756,1757,1764);Four groups of radial magnetic field permanent magnetism Coupling assembly, two of which is that axial magnetic field wound armature dish (1721,1783) is respectively by fixing air gap and corresponding magnetic Two magnetic flux coupling surfaces of the left end of logical switching regulator permanent magnetic disk (1754,1755,1762,1763) are constituted, and two other is axial Magnetic field squirrel-cage armature dish (1784,1785) respectively by fixing air gap and corresponding Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk (1754, 1755,1762,1763) two magnetic flux coupling surfaces of right-hand member are constituted;2. set on the rotating cylinder barrel and back of the body dish/flange of driven disc It is equipped with band and rotates heat pipe (1715) and fin (1716) assembly, the rotating disk end wall/flange of driving disc spacing pressing and driven disc divides It is not provided with air channel/air holes (1722) and fan blade (1723), in order to natural air cooled heat radiation;3. all solenoids on driving disc spacing pressing (1704,1755,1757) are docked with brush collector (1730) slip ring terminals with parallel/series/connection in series-parallel/cascaded structure Son (1731).The operation principle of the present embodiment is the most essentially identical with the operation principle of embodiment 1.This example mainly illustrates or table Show various different types of armature disc carry out mixing/mashed up, series connection is or/and used in parallel and adaptation is arranged on driving disc spacing pressing/passive Technical scheme in dish and main driven disc overturn one of the technical characteristic that erection sequence is also the present invention.

Embodiment 18

As shown in Figure 48 and 49 and Figure 56, Figure 57, Figure 58 or Figure 59, it is " two groups of radial magnetic fields " single-layer double-side rotary drum type The permanent magnet coupling speed regulator that the double permanent magnet coupling assembly of tangentially/oblique magnetic field is constituted, the present embodiment difference from Example 10 exists In: main driven disc (1801,1820) is Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk, and driving disc spacing pressing is by permanent magnetic disk body (1809), 12 groups " U " Type permanent magnet (1802) and 12 groups of Flux switch (1803,1804) groups being used for controlling the bypass of permanent magnet couples magnetic flux path Becoming, this Flux switch is made up of electromagnet core (1803) and electromagnet coil (1804), electric magnet (1803,1804) magnetic pole (N, S) is consistent with " U " type permanent magnet (1802) driving disc spacing pressing inside circumference end adapter overlap joint and magnetic pole (N, S) direction;Passively Dish is used for controlling permanent magnet coupling by permanent magnetic disk body (1829), 32 prescription block-type permanent magnets (1864,1863) and 16 groups The Flux switch (1853,1854) of magnetic flow path bypass and shared yoke sleeve (1806) composition of driven disc (1820), should Flux switch is made up of electromagnet core (1853), electromagnet coil (1854) and yoke sleeve (1806), electric magnet (1853, 1854) magnetic pole (N, S) and permanent magnet (1864,1863) driven disc periphery end adapter overlap joint and magnetic pole (N, S) direction Unanimously;N end magnetic flux coupling surface (1800) of permanent magnet (1802) is by the N end magnetic of coupling air gap (1827) with permanent magnet (1864) Logical coupling surface (1800) composition left circles side face is tangential/the double permanent magnet coupling assembly of oblique magnetic field, and the S end magnetic flux of permanent magnet (1802) Coupling surface (1888) is by circumference on the right side of S end magnetic flux coupling surface (1888) composition of coupling air gap (1887) and permanent magnet (1863) Face is tangential/the double permanent magnet coupling assembly of oblique magnetic field, Figure 48 and 49 has indicated respectively " U " type, box-shaped permanent magnet (1802, 1864,1863) arrange structure and identify respectively with arrow permanent magnet use multipole orientation polarization technique and produce magnetic Extreme direction, main driven disc is split type rotating cylinder air gap coupled structure, the magnetic flux coupling surface of set of permanent magnets (1802,1864,1863) (1800,1888) laying structure in corresponding permanent magnet coupling assembly be periphery tangential/oblique magnetic field N or S magnetic pole same magnetic Pole laying structure;The N-S two ends (1800,1888) of the magnetic flux coupling surface of " U " type set of permanent magnets (1802) on driving disc spacing pressing in axle To adaptation arrange, the N-S two ends (1800,1888) of the magnetic flux coupling surface of set of permanent magnets (1964,1963) on driven disc also in The most adaptive setting, the N-S two ends of electric magnet (1803 and 1804,1853 and 1854) all set in axial adaptation on main driven disc Put.The operation principle of the present embodiment is the most essentially identical with the operation principle of embodiment 10, and the present embodiment can realize speedup and adjust Joint.

Embodiment 19

As shown in Figure 50 and 51 and Figure 56, Figure 57, Figure 58 or Figure 59, it is " two groups of radial magnetic fields " single-layer double-side rotary drum type The permanent magnet coupling speed regulator that the double permanent magnet coupling assembly of tangentially/oblique magnetic field is constituted, the present embodiment and embodiment 18 difference exist In: driving disc spacing pressing (1901) is Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk, and driven disc (1920) is permanent magnetism body disc, and driving disc spacing pressing is by permanent magnetic disk body (1909), 24 groups of permanent magnets (1902,1962) and 12 groups of magnetic fluxs being used for controlling the bypass of permanent magnet couples magnetic flux path Shared yoke sleeve (1905) composition of switch (1903,1904) and driving disc spacing pressing (1901), this Flux switch is by electromagnet core (1903), electromagnet coil (1904) and yoke sleeve (1905) composition, electric magnet (1903,1904) magnetic pole (N, S) and permanent magnetism The driving disc spacing pressing inside circumference end adapter overlap joint of body (1902 and 1962) and magnetic pole (N, S) direction are consistent;Driven disc is permanent magnetism Body disc, it is made up of permanent magnetic disk body (1929) and eight groups of " U " type permanent magnets (1963);The S end magnetic flux coupling of permanent magnet (1962) Conjunction face (1900) is by coupling on the right side of S end magnetic flux coupling surface (1900) composition of air gap (1927) and " U " type permanent magnet (1963) Periphery tangential/the double permanent magnet coupling assembly of oblique magnetic field, reach S pole and repel the effect transmitting moment of torsion with S pole mutually;Permanent magnet (1902) N end magnetic flux coupling surface (1988) is by the N end magnetic flux coupling surface of coupling air gap (1987) with permanent magnet (1963) (1988) periphery on the left of composition tangential/the double permanent magnet coupling assembly of oblique magnetic field, reach N pole and repel transmission moment of torsion mutually with N pole Effect;Main driven disc obtains above-mentioned left and right sides two width periphery tangential/oblique magnetic field double permanent magnet coupling assembly transmission turns round The summation of square.Figure 50 and 51 indicates the radial direction of the permanent magnet (1902,1962,1963) that two ends are arcuation respectively tiltedly put and set Putting structure and permanent magnet uses orientation polarization technique to produce pole orientation, main driven disc is split type rotating cylinder air gap coupling knot Structure, the laying in corresponding permanent magnet coupling assembly of the magnetic flux coupling surface (1900,1988) of set of permanent magnets (1902,1962,1963) Structure be periphery tangential/oblique magnetic field N or S magnetic pole same pole laying structure;The magnetic flux coupling of set of permanent magnets (1902,1962) The N-S two ends (1988,1900) in conjunction face are arranged in the most adaptive on driving disc spacing pressing, the magnetic flux coupling of " U " type permanent magnet (1963) The N-S two ends (1988,1900) in face are also arranged in the most adaptive on driven disc, and the N-S two ends of electric magnet (1903,1904) exist Arrange in the most adaptive on driving disc spacing pressing.The operation principle of the present embodiment is the most essentially identical with the operation principle of embodiment 10, this Embodiment can realize speedup regulation.

Embodiment 20

As shown in Figure 52 and Figure 56, Figure 57, Figure 58 or Figure 59, it is " one group of axial magnetic field " mono-layer single-face carousel-type permanent magnetism Braking/load device, it is by the permanent magnet coupling dish (2020) as driving disc spacing pressing, the Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk as brake disc (2001) constitute.Permanent magnet coupling dish (2020) is by axial magnetic field metallic conductor armature disc (2021) and yoke back of the body dish (2025) group Becoming, difference from Example 2 also resides in: the output of on the spot/centralized brake monitor (2092) can directly be docked with electricity Magnet coil can control braking/load torque or brake torque.

Embodiment 21

As shown in Figure 53 and Figure 56, Figure 57, Figure 58 or Figure 59, it is " one group of radial magnetic field " mono-layer single-face permanent magnet coupling The permanent magnetic speed-adjusting shaft coupling of the rotary drum type scalable couples magnetic flux that assembly is constituted, mainly by the permanent magnet coupling dish as driving disc spacing pressing (2120), Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk (2101) as driven disc is constituted.Permanent magnet coupling dish (2120) is by radial magnetic field mouse cage Formula armature disc (2121) and yoke back of the body dish (2125) composition, difference from Example 2 also resides in: electric supply installation (2154) is nothing The primary that line is powered once level inductive power supply structure (is called for short and becomes electric supply installation), and primary one secondary induction coil/armature is pacified respectively Being contained in bearing block (2171) and the central minor axis (2141) of passive side stand (2133), the output becoming electric supply installation (2154) connects Refuting on-board controller (2155), on-board controller (2155) can be according to the control of the upper modulation of electric power output becoming electric supply installation obtained Signal processed, is adjusted rotating speed, become electric supply installation (2154) electric power output size, modulation control signal by the spot/collection Chinese style controller provides.

Embodiment 22

As shown in Figure 55 and 56, it is the structure chart of permanent magnet automatic gear shifting of automobile, respectively front-engine rear-drive formula and preposition The principle of front driving type permanent-magnet variable-speed device and block diagram, with technical solution of the present invention as core, other auxiliary body adaptive and Control module, it is achieved permanent magnetism automatic transmission, substitutes in wet type automatic transmission with technical solution of the present invention in other words The technical scheme of fluid torque-converter, or the technical scheme replacing fluid torque-converter and clutch adaptedly becomes permanent magnetism Automatic transmission.

About permanent magnet or/and the magnetic flux coupling surface of yoke in driving disc spacing pressing or passive/brake disc permanent magnet coupling assembly it End face is tangential/oblique magnetic field N and S magnetic pole be laid staggeredly structure and end face tangential/oblique magnetic field N or S magnetic pole same pole lay Structure does not provide embodiment, be referred in examples detailed above about periphery tangential/oblique magnetic field N and S magnetic pole be laid staggeredly Structure or periphery face be tangential/oblique magnetic field N or the signal of S magnetic pole same pole laying structure or diagram, and corresponding permanent magnetism Body is or/and yoke and the parts that are associated thereof are by radially or be perpendicular to shaft centre line and arrange adaptation and be changing into axially or be parallel to axle Centrage is arranged.

The embodiment of above-described embodiment 1 to 22 and speed governing/brake monitor thereof simply show some generations in the present invention Table structure be embodied as technical scheme, utilize parts described in claims, assembly or version each with explanation Kind of technical characteristic carries out being used alone, repeat or superposition application, mutually nested application, integrated Application of composite, be collocated with each other or Position substitutes and exchanges and be inverted, and permutation and combination can go out hundreds of kind of the most thousand of kinds of different embodiments and product technology scheme;Attached Figure be in order to reduce scheme illustrate length so that products scheme to be described, failed to provide all different embodiments because length limits, because of This change made without departing from the essence of technical solution of the present invention, modify, substitute, merge, the taking of various technical characteristic The technical scheme that combo is closed and simplified, all should such as be used adaptive thrust bearing by the rights restriction of the present invention and protection, fits Join shell or Application Example joining with vertical machine made by support is deformed into " vertical permanent magnet Pole Coupling ", then compare As the composite construction of " axial magnetic field and radial magnetic field " can be fabricated to " rotating disk+circular cone rotating cylinder " permanent magnet coupling assembly, circular cone rotating cylinder For tangential permanent magnet coupling assembly etc., embodiment like this is not the most given, because " rotating disk+circular cone rotating cylinder " permanent magnet coupling group Part is actually the simple geometry deformation of " rotating disk+rotating cylinder " permanent magnet coupling assembly, not essential distinction.Special instruction It is: 1. in claims of this specification and this case, many places employ punctuation mark "/", its representative " or " or " side by side " The meaning;Such as " the most secondary/to overlap " comprises two secondary, two sets, two secondary above and above four the aspect implications of two sets more, and " single multi-circle " wraps Containing individual pen, the above three aspect implications of Liang Quan and two circle, " combination/compound " has the meaning that also can be combined i.e. be can be combined, " A or/and B " represent existing A or have B, also have tri-kinds of situations of A and B;The cutting signal be given in the most each embodiment or sectional view, its phase Cutting symbol shown in associated diagram corresponds to cutting or the position of section view;The most herein " at least one ", " at least one ", The expression wording such as " at least one pair of " or " least one set ", referring to both can be by one, a kind of, a pair or one group of correlated characteristic structure Become, it is also possible to by two and two or more, two kinds and two or more, two to and two to above or two groups and more than two relevant Feature is constituted.

Claims (10)

1. the permanent magnetic speed-adjusting of a scalable couples magnetic flux, braking or load device, it is characterised in that driving disc spacing pressing is permanent magnet coupling Dish, driven disc/brake disc is Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk, or Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk is used as driving disc spacing pressing, permanent magnet coupling dish It is air-gap field coupled structure as driven disc/brake disc, permanent magnet coupling dish and Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk, the two interchangeable peace Dress order or the most main driven disc or exchange inside and outside nested position, Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk by Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk this Body, least one set permanent magnet and least one set are used for controlling permanent magnet magnetic path break-make or the bypass of permanent magnet couples magnetic flux path Flux switch constitute, Flux switch is electric magnet or for electric magnet and yoke assembly, permanent magnet and Flux switch are respectively provided with On Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk body, permanent magnet becomes controlled couples magnetic flux assembly with both electric magnet adapter combination, or forever Magnet, electric magnet become controlled couples magnetic flux assembly with yoke assembly three's adapter combination, and controlled couples magnetic flux assembly is on the one hand The main road magnetic flux coupling surface of permanent magnet or yoke is built by coupling air gap and permanent magnet coupling dish and forms couples magnetic flux path, another Aspect is formed bypass magnetic flux by both permanent magnet and electromagnet core or built by permanent magnet, yoke and electromagnet core three Path, the magnetic pole of permanent magnet or yoke are provided with at least one bypass magnetic flux coupling surface.
2. the permanent magnetic speed-adjusting of scalable couples magnetic flux as claimed in claim 1, braking or load device, it is characterised in that main Road magnetic flux coupling surface or bypass magnetic flux coupling surface refer to the axial two ends end face air gap coupling surface, radially of Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk One of internal and external circumference post/cone air gap coupling surface, oblique/tangential six kinds of coupling surfaces of air gap coupling surface or the combination of at least two, i.e. Constituting magnetic flux coupling surface, the coupling surface of magnetic flux coupling surface adaptive armature disc corresponding with on permanent magnet coupling dish or permanent magnetism body disc is in solid Fixed coupling air gap is arranged, and electromagnet core and yoke assembly in every secondary Flux switch make assembling except distinguishing single-piece Outward, it is possible to be fabricated to unit overall structure form, including " U " type, camber, " work " type, " L " type or " H " type, Flux switch formula is forever Electromagnet core and yoke assembly in all or part Flux switch laid on disk also can be fabricated to the overall knot of integration Configuration formula or kit form, it includes integration gear type, integration geared sleeve type, integration fluted disc type, integration tooth cartridge type Integral structure is assembled, the electric magnet ferrum in all Flux switches that Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk is laid with other abnormity geometry Core is or/and yoke assembly also can need to carry out splitting according to production technology and optimization is fabricated to modularized combination type structure, often secondary Flux switch configures at least one permanent magnet, uniform on Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk arranges at least one pair of Flux switch and adaptation thereof The permanent magnet of quantity, Flux switch the first version of formula permanent magnetic disk is that all permanent magnets all adaptations on its body are arranged on Respective Flux switch unit constitutes standard type Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk, Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk the second version It is on permanent magnetism body disc, to be spaced at least one pair of direct-coupled permanent magnetic dipole to the permanent magnet arranging Flux switch and adaptation thereof Constituting mixed type Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk, Flux switch the third version of formula permanent magnetic disk is to be done pass formula permanent magnetic disk by magnetic flux Combined Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk, Coupled Magnetic Path path is formed by series connection or assembling combination the most back-to-back with permanent magnetism body disc With the permanent magnet in the Flux switch of bypass magnetic flux path and the commutative position of yoke, permanent magnet coupling dish includes seven kinds of haplotypes Version and be combined by least two haplotype structure in seven kinds of haplotype version or compound build answer Mould assembly version, seven kinds of haplotype structure permanent magnet coupling dishes are annulus tabular metallic conductor armature disc, circle/cone cylinder tubulose respectively Metallic conductor armature disc, pot grate formula armature disc, squirrel-cage armature dish, single multi-circle wound armature dish, permanent magnetism body disc and magnetic flux are opened Pass formula permanent magnetic disk, a magnetic flux coupling surface is by coupling air gap adaptive armature disc corresponding with on permanent magnet coupling dish or permanent magnetism body disc One of coupling surface constitute a secondary permanent magnet coupling assembly, combine in main passive split type rotating disk, rotating cylinder or rotating disk rotating cylinder/be combined gas Gap coupled structure, the yoke assembly of Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk is with single air gap coupling surface, multiple air gap coupling surface, compound air gap Coupling surface is or/and multilayer nest air gap coupling surface and permanent magnet coupling dish adaptation build at least one secondary axial magnetic field permanent magnet coupling systems Part, radial magnetic field permanent magnet coupling assembly are or/and oblique/tangential magnetic field permanent magnet coupling assembly, or two secondary or two secondary above magnetic fluxs The permanent magnet coupling assembly that the permanent magnet coupling dish of switching regulator permanent magnetic disk and adaptation thereof is constituted with back-to-back serial distribution, mixing/mashed up, Head and the tail series connection is or/and parallel axes parallel connection adapter structure is arranged, and permanent magnet coupling assembly has 12 kinds of haplotype structures, is axial respectively Magnetic field double permanent magnet coupling assembly, axial magnetic field metallic conductor permanent magnet coupling assembly, axial magnetic field wound armature permanent magnet coupling group Part, axial magnetic field pot grate formula armature permanent magnet coupling assembly, radial magnetic field double permanent magnet coupling assembly, radial magnetic field metallic conductor permanent magnetism Coupling assembly, radial magnetic field Wound-rotor type permanent magnet coupling assembly, radial magnetic field squirrel-cage armature permanent magnet coupling assembly, oblique/tangential Magnetic field double permanent magnet coupling assembly, oblique/tangential magnetic field metallic conductor permanent magnet coupling assembly, oblique/tangential magnetic field Wound-rotor type permanent magnetism Coupling assembly and oblique/tangential magnetic field pot grate formula/squirrel-cage armature permanent magnet coupling assembly, also include by above-mentioned 12 kinds of haplotypes At least two permanent magnet coupling assembly in permanent magnet coupling assembly is combined or compound permanent magnet coupling assembly that is compound and that formed, The shape of permanent magnet and N-S polarised direction thereof respectively with coupled structure and electric magnet, yoke, the Coupled Magnetic Path of permanent magnet coupling assembly Several to watch size suitable for path and the bypass structural requirement of magnetic flux path and its assembly space, and it can be fabricated to strip, side respectively Bulk, arcuation, tile-shaped, cylindric, cone column, corner post shape, " u "-shaped, " L " shape, sector, trapezoidal, oblique angle column, circular, Cylinder/tubulose or by various geometry splicing/machining molding/oriented moulding/excision forming/die casts/assemble/be combined Different form, permanent magnet is or/and the magnetic flux coupling surface of the yoke cloth in driving disc spacing pressing or passive/brake disc permanent magnet coupling assembly If structure has nine kinds of apolegamy forms, first axial magnetic field N and S magnetic pole to be laid staggeredly, it two is axial magnetic field N or S magnetic pole phase Laying with magnetic pole, it three is radial magnetic field N and S magnetic pole is laid staggeredly, and it four is radial magnetic field N or S magnetic pole same pole is laid, Its five be end face tangential/oblique magnetic field N and S magnetic pole be laid staggeredly, its six be end face tangential/oblique magnetic field N or S magnetic pole same magnetic Pole is laid, its seven be periphery tangential/oblique magnetic field N and S magnetic pole be laid staggeredly, its eight be periphery tangential/oblique magnetic field N or S magnetic pole same pole is laid, and it nine is at least two kinds in above-mentioned eight kinds of structures to be combined and are combined lay, often Group permanent magnet or/and the N-S two ends of magnetic flux coupling surface of yoke and electric magnet N-S two ends on driving disc spacing pressing/driven disc can axially, Circumference to or oblique adaptive arrange, the permanent magnetic disk body of Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk selects high magnetoresistance material, yoke and electric magnet Iron core use high magnetic conduction/low magnetoresistance material, disc type/cartridge type metallic conductor armature disc, pot grate formula armature disc, squirrel-cage armature dish and Armature and electromagnet coil in wound armature dish use good conductor material or high temperature composite superconductor material to be fabricated to solid Or hollow/there is a pore structure, permanent magnet uses the strong unidirectional polarized permanent magnets of magnetic/rare earth or/and multiple polymerization and radiation orientation method system The multidirectional polarized permanent magnets become.
3. the permanent magnetic speed-adjusting of scalable couples magnetic flux as claimed in claim 1, braking or load device, it is characterised in that magnetic Logical switching regulator permanent magnetic disk and permanent magnet coupling dish by actively coupling body or passively coupling body be connected with line shaft respectively or Being connected with driven axle, actively coupling body is by driving disc spacing pressing body/back of the body dish, driving disc spacing pressing end cap, guard shield/housing, bearing, bearing Overlap in support/bearing bracket/driving disc spacing pressing support, shaft coupling and the shaft coupling parts of associated part thereof or combinations thereof mechanism At least one plant combination constitute, be arranged between driving disc spacing pressing and line shaft shaft coupling, passive coupling body be by driven disc this Body/back of the body dish, driven disc end cap, guard shield/housing, bearing, bearing holder (housing, cover) support/bearing bracket/driven disc support, shaft coupling and In the shaft coupling parts of associated part or combinations thereof mechanism at least one plant combination constitute, be arranged on driven disc and load Between axle shaft coupling, i.e. passive coupling body be fixed in brake holder constitute scalable couples magnetic flux permanent magnet braking device or Constitute the permanent magnetism load device of scalable couples magnetic flux.
4. the permanent magnetic speed-adjusting of scalable couples magnetic flux, braking or the load device as described in claim 1,2 or 3, its feature exists In, the electric magnet on Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk is configured with applicable speed governing electric supply installation and speed setting controller thereof, or electromagnetism Ferrum is configured with applicable braking electric supply installation and brake monitor thereof, and electromagnet coil two ends are provided with fly-wheel diode, resistance Or/and pressure limiting circuit, select to plug in electromagnet coil loop current limliting or protection circuit as required, Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk On electromagnet coil by airborne connection terminal module adaptation select be built into parallel connection, connect, be grouped and connect, packet chain also Connection or the most independently-powered and control structure, speed setting controller has three kinds of selective adaptations, the first on the spot/centrally connected power supply speed governing Controller, point single loop or multiloop type, correspondence is docked with the brush terminal of brush collector and powers to electromagnet coil, and it is main To be made up of power module, Working mode set and order input module, signal generating module and modulation/power amplification circuit, Apolegamy PLC, intelligence embedded computer, graphic display screen, keyboard, analog quantity I/O, digital quantity I/O or standard remote communication connect Mouth, sensor detector unit, main driven disc synchronize sensor or/and one of main driven disc rotation angle sensor or they one Individual combination, it two is closed-down manual on-board controller, it by power rectifier/filter circuit, battery backup and discharge and recharge thereof from Dynamic switching circuit, closed-down manual set mode of operation and order input module, amplitude/frequency/control circuit of duty ratio, Intermittent Earthquake Swing device, modulation/power amplification circuit, electric magnet afterflow/protection circuit and connection terminal module are constituted, and it three is wireless remote control machine Set controller, it is by power rectifier/filter circuit, battery backup and discharge and recharge automatic switch-over circuit, wireless remote control signals Reception/command analysis module, amplitude/frequency/control circuit of duty ratio, intermittently oscillator, modulation/power amplification circuit, electromagnetism Ferrum afterflow/protection circuit and connection terminal module, and hand-held, desk-top or wall-mounted wireless remote control speed regulator composition, speed governing Electric supply installation has the electric power-feeding structure mode of three different series to select for adaptation, and First Series electric power-feeding structure is brush collector side Formula, i.e. in the active coupling body adaptive with Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk or the axle class of passive coupling body, set class or dish class portion On part be set with brush collector, after electromagnet coil parallel/series or packet parallel/series/connection in series-parallel after with accordingly electricity Brush current collector slip ring binding post is connected, and it has three kinds of structural modelss, first single loop One Wire brush collector to power Pattern, equipment work-piece in this pattern and support use as power supply zero line or negative pole line, and it two is that single loop two-wire system is electric Brush current collector powering mode, it three is that multiloop multiple-way system brush collector is powered, and selects as required on brush collector Adaptive brush wear detection sensing/alarm is or/and explosion-proof casing is to constitute explosion-proof type structure, and second series electric power-feeding structure is Onboard generators power supply mode, i.e. active coupling body and passive coupling body axle class, set class or dish class adaptor parts it Between be set with Miniature permanent magnet electromotor, or active coupling body or the axle class of passive coupling body, set class or dish base part with Assembling Miniature permanent magnet electromotor between support, support, housing or ad hoc generating support, its generating output is directly docked with airborne The power input of speed setting controller, the 3rd series power structure is airborne power supply mode without wire, i.e. at active coupling body Or on axle class, set class or the dish base part of passive coupling body, receptor is set, at corresponding adaptive support, support, shell therewith Assembling radio source module or assembly between body or ad hoc transmitting support, its output is docked with the electricity of airborne speed setting controller Source input, it has five kinds of structural modelss, and one is the field coupling radio being made up of field coupling emitter and receptor Source module, it two is the electromagnetic induction radio source pattern being made up of electromagnetic field transmitter and induction coil receptor, and it three is The magnetic resonance radio source pattern being made up of magnetic resonance emitter and receptor, it is four for be made up of wave launcher and receptor Electric wave radio source pattern, it five is the light energy emitter by light source emitter/sunlight optically focused and suitable luminous energy/too Sun can the luminous energy radio source pattern that constitutes of the receptor of set of cells, braking electric supply installation may utilize external power source and directly plugs into system The power input of movement controller, the output of brake monitor is directly plugged into as on the Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk of brake disc Electromagnet coil binding post, brake monitor divides single loop, multiloop type or has the multifunctional unit of other special functions Type, it is mainly by power module, Working mode set and order input module, signal generating module and modulation/power amplification electricity Road is constituted, apolegamy PLC, intelligence embedded computer, graphic display screen, keyboard, analog quantity I/O, digital quantity I/O or standard remote Communication interface, sensor detector unit, actively/brake disc synchronize sensor or/and one of active/brake disc rotation angle sensor Individual or their combination.
5. the permanent magnetic speed-adjusting of scalable couples magnetic flux, braking or the load device as described in claim 1,2 or 3, its feature exists In, or/and be provided with in system operation near the position of axle class A of geometric unitA on described master passive permanent magnet coupling assembly The air cooling equipment that cools down is carried out or/and refrigerant cooling device or coolant cooling combination/set composite, heating part for heat generating components Part is on the bearing in the armature disc in permanent magnet coupling dish, actively coupling body, passive coupling body, Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk Electromagnet coil or Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk assembly, air cooling equipment device refer at driving disc spacing pressing or/and driven disc and On the circumference of coupling body, end face adaptation arrange rotation spontaneous air cooling assembly and ventilating path, including axial ducts, radially Air channel, radial/axial air inducing helicla flute, turbofan type driving disc spacing pressing body/back of the body dish/flange/yoke, turbofan type driven disc body/back of the body Dish/flange/yoke, turbofan fan blade, radially radiator, axial radiator, armature Hollowed ventilation conductor bar, integration mouse cage fan blade Conductor bar, integration fan blade spoke, integration mouse cage conducting ring/armature fan blade, integration boiler grate fan blade armature, integration cartridge type The gridding arranged on mouse cage fan blade spoke yoke sleeve, driving disc spacing pressing/driven disc or cellular air vent/air channel, driving disc spacing pressing/quilt Moving plate circumference wind groove/convex tendon/concave bar, driving disc spacing pressing/driven disc footpath aweather groove/convex tendon/concave bar, driving disc spacing pressing/driven disc axial wind groove/ Convex tendon/concave bar, orientation fan blade/fan, Hollowed ventilation axle are or/and in combinations thereof/combined type complex art radiating subassembly At least one plant, or make on the heat generating components or assembly the endotherm section rotating heat pipe be set, by rotating heat pipe Transportation section is drawn out to, heat, the rotation heat pipe cooling section that component external appropriate location is arranged, and this cooling section arranges heat radiation Device, corresponding to arranging radiation ventilator on the heat dissipation ventilation passage component of radiator or fin, above-mentioned air cooling equipment it All technical characteristic features/components are according to its structural grouping, compound or be fabricated to partial installation structure, assembly structure and integration Fitting configuration;Refrigerant cooling device has seven kinds of versions to select for adaptation, and its one is closed-circuit pipe/pipeline type coolant cooling Refrigerant cooling device in device or dish, in its two kinds are the open circuit tubes/conduits road formula refrigerant cooling device of band nozzle/spout or dish Combining refrigerant cooling device outside dish, its three kinds is spray/direct-firing refrigerant cooling device or the outer refrigerant cooling device of dish, its four kinds Being immersion refrigerant cooling device, its five kinds is the cold of distributed coolant unit autonomous microcirculation conduction of heat/rotating heat pipe structure Matchmaker's chiller, its six kinds is to arrange directly spray formula refrigerant cooling device in system sealing housing, simultaneously at active/passive dish and Appropriate location on heat generating components arranges drainage trough and conduction hole to cool down it sufficiently uniformly, and its seven kinds is above-mentioned six Planting compound/combination type refrigerant cooling device of version, closed-circuit pipe/pipeline type refrigerant cooling device is rotated by coolant input Black box, coolant input allotter, cooling pipe/coolant cooler/cooling chamber, coolant output manifold, coolant output rotation Turn black box and cooling holder is constituted, coolant input rotating seal component and the function knot of coolant output rotating seal component Structure is identical, is referred to as coolant input/output rotating seal component, and it has three kinds of versions for selecting, and the first is that three ends are close The integration collection assembling structure of envelope two sealing cavate, the second is to use two two ends to seal single combinative structure sealing cavate, its In annular seal space be used as coolant and input annular seal space, another annular seal space is used as coolant and exports annular seal space, and the third is employing one Individual two ends seal single annular seal space structure, input annular seal space as coolant, do not set coolant output annular seal space in this structure, and coolant inputs Being provided with at least one coolant input port, road on annular seal space, coolant input port is exported by the coolant of recanalization coolant feedway Mouthful, coolant output annular seal space is provided with coolant delivery outlet, the coolant delivery outlet coolant by recanalization coolant feedway Circulation input port or refrigerant recovery system, coolant input allotter is provided with and the coolant input of coolant input rotating seal component Coolant input distribution cavity and the distribution of at least one coolant that annular seal space is suitable export, and coolant output manifold is provided with and coolant The coolant output collection chamber that the coolant output annular seal space of output rotating seal component is suitable collects outlet with at least one coolant, Coolant input allotter is identical with the functional structure of coolant output manifold, is referred to as coolant distribution/manifold, and defeated with coolant Entering/export rotating seal component suitable, the two is arranged to split type according to set position, space and concrete technical need Structure, integrated type or integration packaging type structure, cooling pipe/coolant cooler/cooling chamber is provided with coolant import and cold Matchmaker exports, coolant input/output rotating seal component and coolant distribution/manifold adaptation in the way of docking or being axially set with Assemble so that the coolant input annular seal space of coolant input/output rotating seal component and the coolant input of coolant distribution/manifold Distribution cavity matches, and the coolant output annular seal space of coolant input/output rotating seal component matches with coolant output collection chamber, The coolant import of the coolant distribution openings docking cooling pipe/coolant cooler/cooling chamber of coolant distribution/manifold, coolant distribution/ The coolant of manifold collects the refrigerant exit of outlet docking cooling pipe/coolant cooler/cooling chamber, to form rotatory sealing Coolant flow pipe, coolant distribution/manifold is arranged on active/passive power transmission shaft or is arranged on active/passive coupling body Or the adapting position of braking coupling body, coolant input/output rotating seal component is installed by its flange or its seal body On cooling holder, normally working supporting coolant input/output rotating seal component and the assembly that is associated thereof, above-mentioned opens Tubes/conduits road, road refrigerant cooling device is inputted rotating seal component by coolant, coolant inputs allotter, at least one pair is provided with spray Cooling pipe/coolant the cooler of mouth/cooling chamber is constituted, and in position arranges coolant output according to coolant physical characteristic and collects Device, above-mentioned spray/direct-firing refrigerant cooling device has two kinds of technical schemes, and first cooling holder is fixed coolant input Pipeline, is arranging at least one coolant nozzles/spray heads, coolant on the coolant input channel of system heat generation parts appropriate location Nozzles/spray heads the parts of heating in system are carried out directly the most openly spray coolant or blow-through coolant in case lower the temperature and not to cold Matchmaker carries out the technical scheme of centralized recovery, and it two is to arrange seal casinghousing/cavity in the outside of system heat generation parts or assembly, cold Matchmaker's input channel is inserted seal casinghousing/cavity and arranges at least one coolant nozzles/spray heads, above-mentioned immersion coolant cooling dress Putting is to arrange seal casinghousing/cavity in the outside of system heat generation parts or assembly, and coolant input channel inserts seal casinghousing/chamber Form the coolant chamber of sealing between body, heat generating components or assembly and seal casinghousing/cavity, coolant chamber is full of coolant, makes Part or all of heat generating components or assembly is immersed in coolant the purpose reaching cooling, suitable on seal casinghousing/cavity Position arranges coolant output/recovery channel or assembly, and above-mentioned coolant input/output rotating seal component is by seal body and extremely The few one secondary core black box forming annular seal space is constituted, and is arranged to split type, integrated type, half packaging type, collection according to demand Dress formula, partly cuing open formula or complete section formula structure, core black box is assemblied in seal body, and core black box has six kinds for choosing With, one is to be made up of at least one-level packing seal assembly, and two is to be made up of at least one-level mechanical sealing assembly, and three is by least one Level dynamic seal and stop seal assembly are constituted, and four is to be made up of the shaftless sealing assembly that is sealed of at least one-level, and five is non-contact axle head Sealing, dry gas seals, graphite/carbon ring seal or fluting sealing, and six is to be carried out by aforementioned five kinds of at least two sealed in structures , series connection compound with end or different end combination are constituted, and wherein, packing seal can be selected for mono-/bis-/multi-end surface or/and mono-/bis-/multilamellar The packing class soft packing seal of design, expanded graphite packing seal, many fraction lobe graphite annulus seals and bowl formula packing seal Four kinds of at least one sealed are planted, mechanical seal select mono-/bis-/multi-end surface or/and mono-/bis-/multi-layer sealed at least its One of plant, dynamic seal can be selected for mono-/bis-/multi-end surface or/and the dynamic sealing of auxiliary impeller of mono-/bis-/Multi-layer design scheme or Back-blade seal coordinates stop seal to constitute, and the shaftless envelope that is sealed can be selected for mono-/bis-/multi-end surface or/and mono-/bis-/Multi-layer design side The diaphragm type sealing of case, protected type sealing, the sealing of magnetic drives formula, magnet fluid sealing, helixseal, labyrinth spiral sealing, spray Penetrating at least one kind of sealing, float ring seal eight kinds sealing, noncontact shaft end seal can be selected for dry operating air seal, Above-mentioned six kinds of core black boies can seal the rotating speed at position, coolant pressure, the concrete physics of coolant and chemistry spy according to concrete Property, gap circle diameter and installing space, sealing property index, assemble or keep in repair convenient require and cost performance selects Arranging, cooling pipe/coolant cooler/cooling chamber is uniform is arranged on axial magnetic field permanent magnet coupling assembly and/or radial magnetic field forever The driving disc spacing pressing of magnetic coupling assembly and actively coupling body, or uniform be arranged on driven disc and driven disc coupling body thereof, or Person's refrigerant pipe is formed by the coolant path construction arranged on the hollow winding on armature winding dish self or thermogenesis component, in order to Make the metallic conductor parts of heating, pot grate armature component, short-circuit(ed) armature parts, armature winding parts, driving disc spacing pressing/driven disc originally Heat generating components in body, yoke, set of permanent magnets or the permanent magnet coupling assembly generated heat by strong heat radiation and owing to rotating The bearing arrangement rubbed and generate heat is cooled down, and cooling pipe/coolant cooler/cooling chamber cloth is provided with three kinds of technical schemes, The first is joined end to end by least one set refrigerant pipe and is distributed on above-mentioned heat generating components, and it two is by least two group refrigerant pipes also Row are distributed on above-mentioned heat generating components, and it three is the compound layout scheme of above two scheme, the shape of refrigerant pipe have linear, Spiral type, shaped form, annular, cavity shape or combination docking geometric form, refrigerant pipe lay mode have five kinds, one be spiral or Circular laying, another kind is parallel lines or the laying of angle aplysia punctata, and the third is circumference or planar multilayer refrigerant pipe cloth If, head and the tail or import and export to be connected and constitute coolant flow pipe between every layer, between layers or between adjacent refrigerant pipe, the Four kinds of refrigerant pipes lay mode be entry/exit refrigerant pipe in being laid staggeredly, the connection of far-end one_to_one corresponding or annular groove concentrate intercommunication, It is above-mentioned four kinds of combinations laying mode or composite construction mode, above-mentioned driving disc spacing pressing and active that 5th kind of refrigerant pipe lays mode Cooling line adaptation set on coupling body and other heat generating components of being associated thereof is butted into sealing connectivity structure, or Cooling line set on driven disc and passive coupling body or braking coupling body and other heat generating components being associated thereof Adaptation is butted into sealing connectivity structure, in order to composition cooling coolant circulation passage or path reach the purpose of cooling, above-mentioned coolant Feedway is water supply pipe and running water filter, cooling-water machine/chiller and filter, air-cooler and air thereof One kind of in filter or dehumidifier, compressed air piping, air compressor, Cool oil machine and adaptive coolant machine or For combinations thereof device, air-cooled and coolant cooling combination/set composite is by above-mentioned air cooling equipment and refrigerant cooling device each At least one plant technical pattern selected by adaptation, combination/compound built-up, arrange on system corresponding component or assembly.
6. the permanent magnetic speed-adjusting of scalable couples magnetic flux, braking or the load device as described in claim 1,2 or 3, its feature exists In, be provided with the most a set of adaptation for the lubricating arrangement that the bearing in system and slide unit are lubricated, have following According to concrete technology, four kinds of technical schemes can require that apolegamy is arranged, the first uses hand gun/oil pump or automatic lubricant pump, logical Cross radial hole oil circuit on the radial/axial oil circuit on oil nozzle, bearing holder (housing, cover)/seat, hollow axle oil circuit, axle or/and lubricating oil separator And respective branch oil circuit and oil outlet periodically carry out contact or contactless oiling to rotation and slide unit, play online Lubrication purpose, it two is to have abrading section or component locations to arrange oil circuit and pump nozzle thereof or lubricator cup in systems, in order to In real time lubrication and add oils and fats, it three is grease-box or the band arranging box bearing support structure in spring bearing appropriate location Lubricant reservoir/the case of cavate bearing support structure, in order to also can solve power transmission shaft while to spring bearing lubrication and cooling And cantilevered axle problem produced by independent rack, it four is to combine according to physical location, space and lubrication needs or compound choosing Mix two kinds of composition lubricating arrangements of at least a part of which stated in three kinds of lubrication strategies.
7. the permanent magnetic speed-adjusting of scalable couples magnetic flux, braking or the load device as described in claim 1,2 or 3, its feature exists In, be provided with make system be integral structure assembly or/and integration assembling mechanism, the assembly of integral structure includes system Base/pedestal/support, master end support, passive side stand, brake holder, housing/outer housing, loadwheel, belt pulley are or/and skin Belt tightener, or be arranged between driving disc spacing pressing and driven disc rise support and slip isolate central minor axis spring bearing group Part, integration assembling mechanism is carried out matching and organizing properly by assembly or the selection at least one of which kind parts of following nine kinds of structures Joining composition, the first is for assembling and prevents the fastening kit loosened, and it two is for supporting driving disc spacing pressing and to adapt to power defeated Shaft and driving shaft shaft coupling joining driving disc spacing pressing power transmission shaft and active bracket assembly thereof, it three is for supporting driven disc also Adapting to bearing axle and driven axle shaft coupling joining driven disc power transmission shaft and passive carriage assembly thereof, it four is for safety Protection, dust-proof, noise reduction, structure ventilating path or coolant seal structure and outer housing attractive in appearance or housing, or select to arrange band every The centrifugal-fan-type of sound material layer/axial flow blower formula split outer housing or overall outer housing, it five is for final assembly and on-the-spot peace The support of dress, it six is for supporting cooling holder in coolant device, and it seven is for the adaptive horizontal or active of vertical system Disc carrier, driven disc support, cooling holder, brush collector support, support, bearing assembly, suitable transmission shaft component or/ And shaft coupling, it eight is to adapt to actively mutually support the support overcoming cantilever shortcoming between coupling body and passive coupling body Isolation bearing, it nine is the central shaft of driving disc spacing pressing and the short axle of hollow centre of driven disc or the hollow center shaft of driving disc spacing pressing and quilt The central minor axis mutual sheathing structure of Moving plate, the two by support isolation bearing assemble, above-mentioned cooling holder, driving disc spacing pressing prop up Frame, driven disc support, brush collector support, outer housing/housing, centrifugal-fan-type split outer housing/entirety outer housing, axial flow blower formula Split outer housing/entirety outer housing, central shaft, the short axle of hollow centre, hollow center shaft, central minor axis, loadwheel, belt pulley, belt In regulating wheel/tensioner and support at least one can carry out dual-purpose, combine or merge being integrally formed composite structure, on State driven disc support and driving disc spacing pressing support has two kinds of structures to arrange for apolegamy, a kind of for supporting drive bearing/bearing holder (housing, cover) Board-like or tower structure, a kind of double as grease-box and overcomes cantilevered axle shortcoming for supporting drive bearing/bearing holder (housing, cover) Case structure.
8. the permanent magnetic speed-adjusting of scalable couples magnetic flux, braking or the load device as described in claim 1,2 or 3, its feature exists In, between driving disc spacing pressing coupling body and driven disc coupling body or driving disc spacing pressing coupling body and brake disc coupling body it Between locking/arrangement of clutch and operating mechanism thereof are set, locking/arrangement of clutch has following seven kinds of technical patterns, first friction/bullet Frottage clutch structure, active and passive friction portion is separately mounted to active/passive dish or active/brake disc and coupling body thereof Corresponding adapting position, make locking/arrangement of clutch realize clutch by operating mechanism, it two is active/passive dish or actively/system The end face pin hole spring column pin power transmission formula structure of Moving plate and coupling body thereof, in active/passive dish or active/brake disc and It is respectively provided with at least one pin-and-hole and at least one spring column pin on the adaptive circumference of its coupling body, is made by operating mechanism Spring column pin puts in or exits pin-and-hole, and it three is taper shank taper sleeve type structure, in active/passive dish or active/brake disc and The adapting position of its coupling body is respectively provided with taper shank and tapered sleeve, makes taper shank put in by operating mechanism or exits tapered sleeve, and they are four years old It is the taper shank taper sleeve type structure of band spring column pin/key, essentially identical with taper shank taper sleeve type structure, simply at taper shank Arranging elastic double inclined plane pin/key on the conical surface, the position that the conical surface at tapered sleeve is corresponding arranges adaptive column pin hole/keyway, and taper shank is stretched During entering tapered sleeve, elastic double inclined plane pin/key is due to the effect of an inclined-plane power thereon, makes elastic double inclined plane pin/key contracting Head, until correspondence is lived the column pin hole/keyway on tapered sleeve and snaps into column pin hole/keyway, plays power transmission function, and taper shank exits tapered sleeve mistake Journey Elastic double inclined plane pin/key, due to the effect of another inclined-plane power thereon, makes elastic double inclined plane pin/key drop-head and pushes away Going out column pin hole/keyway, taper shank can exit tapered sleeve smoothly, and it five is the shaft coupling structure of adaptive axial clutch, and it six is adaptive shaft To " spline housing spline " formula structure of clutch, it seven is " gear ring gear " or spider gear group formula structure, above-mentioned skill Art structure can be selected for electronic, pneumatic, hydraulic friction plate/pin/key and substitute the elastic friction block/bullet in above-mentioned six kinds of structures Property pin/elastic bevel surface pin/elastic key, with constitute automatic control on/off " Hard link " or the structure of braking.
9. the permanent magnetic speed-adjusting of scalable couples magnetic flux, braking or the load device as described in claim 1,2 or 3, its feature exists In, on the one hand its actively coupling body input side/hold with rotate class power source output shaft and be connected, the output of passive coupling body Side/hold couples with rotating class load power shaft, matches suitable speed setting controller and speed governing electric supply installation, becomes permanent magnetism stepless Speed regulator/variator, Permanent Magnet Clutch or permanent magnet soft starter, two aspects are arranged on the automatic of conventional traffic means of transport it In variator/wet type speed changer structure, substitute fluid torque-converter assembly with permanent magnet coupling dish and Flux switch formula permanent magnetic disk assembly, Its active input side/end of coupling body couples with the output shaft of motor/internal combustion engine, the outlet side/end of passive coupling body It is connected with the power input shaft of spider gear group or gear pair, selects adaptive variator auxiliary body, system operational parameters sensing Device, powertrain control module/electronic control unit, match suitable speed setting controller and speed governing electric supply installation, or be coupled to Central controller/module in machine system and power subsystem, become the permanent magnetism automatic transmission in transport facility.
10. the permanent magnetic speed-adjusting of scalable couples magnetic flux, braking or the load device as described in claim 1,2 or 3, its feature exists In the input side that, the first permanent magnetism modulated brake/load device structure is actively coupling body/hold and rotate class power source or quilt The output shaft of measurement equipment is connected, and braking coupling body is connected with the most revolvable fixing axle, flange or support are connected, and apolegamy is fitted When brake monitor and braking electric supply installation, the second permanent magnetism modulated brake/load device structure is permanent magnet coupling assembly Being arranged in traditional brake/brake structure, its driving disc spacing pressing/armature disc arranges or is compound to wheel hub/power transmission shaft adapting position, system Moving plate/Flux switch formula permanent magnetism cup by braking coupling mechanism be installed on chassis/crane span structure, on rail vehicle bogie, aircraft Become permanent magnet coupling brake gear on undercarriage or on plant equipment support/body/support, match suitable brake monitor With braking electric supply installation, or central controller/module of being coupled in machine system and power subsystem, the third permanent magnetism is modulated Dynamic/load device structure is on the basis of the second permanent magnetism modulated brake/load device structure, suitable at wheel hub/power transmission shaft Position is compound or the upper traditional disc brake/drum of combination is stopped or/and hand brake device i.e. constitutes compound permanent magnetism modulated brake/load device Structure.
CN201310220930.3A 2013-06-06 2013-06-06 The permanent magnetic speed-adjusting of scalable couples magnetic flux, braking or load device CN104242598B (en)

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