CN104180375B - Cracking process smokeless dedusting waste incinerator - Google Patents

Cracking process smokeless dedusting waste incinerator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104180375B
CN104180375B CN201310192016.2A CN201310192016A CN104180375B CN 104180375 B CN104180375 B CN 104180375B CN 201310192016 A CN201310192016 A CN 201310192016A CN 104180375 B CN104180375 B CN 104180375B
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China
Prior art keywords
oxygen supply
heater
burner hearth
cracking
bottleneck
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CN201310192016.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104180375A (en
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陈平
陈世斌
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陈平
陈世斌
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Publication of CN104180375B publication Critical patent/CN104180375B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of cracking process smokeless dedusting waste incinerator, including body of heater, burner hearth is provided with body of heater, upper furnace bottleneck is provided with upper oxygen supply pipeline and lower oxygen supply pipeline, one end of two oxygen supply pipelines is connected with burner hearth, the other end is connected with the outer aerator of body of heater, several circular arc oxygen supply channels extended downwardly are provided with oxygen supply port relative level point in upper oxygen supply pipeline bottleneck, automatic ignition oil and gas device is provided with below oxygen supply channel, the outer pulverization compressor of body of heater is connected with the iron destructive distillation pipeline of high temperature resistant, destructive distillation conduit upper makes paliform cylinder or cone combustion chamber, an annular flame dirt separating opening is provided with the middle part of the bottleneck of oxygen supply pipeline top, roof of the furnace is provided with a decompression type dust and gas and separates heat-exchanging chamber, water tank is provided with above decompression type dust and gas separation heat-exchanging chamber.Fully burning again after the present invention first decomposes rubbish destructive distillation, greatly reduces black smoke productivity ratio, and remaining flue dust also gradually falls into bottom of furnace body in uphill process, so as to reach smokeless emission.

Description

Cracking process smokeless dedusting waste incinerator

Technical field:

The present invention relates to a kind of stove, more particularly to a kind of cracking process smokeless dedusting waste incinerator.

Background technology:

With the quickening of continuous development and the urbanization of economy, quantity caused by annual domestic waste is multiplied, The traditional approach of garbage disposal is to bury rubbish depth, but burial house refuse needs large area land used, and is buried in underground Rubbish be easy to polluted underground water resource.

The problem of processing rubbish mode produces is buried in order to overcome, many urban utilization waste incinerators are concentrated closed at present Burning domestic garbage, harmless treatment is carried out to rubbish by burning, while and can is carried out using heat energy caused by incineration firing Generate electricity or warm oneself, make full use of waste resource.

At present, waste incinerator on the market is generally the pattern that conventional combustion adds cleaner, for environmental protection, all High-power cleaner is mounted with to adsorb a large amount of black smokes caused by isolation burning, although so making flue dust discharge capacity reach mark Accurate but use cost is too high, is unable to reach preferable effect.

The content of the invention:

To overcome above mentioned problem existing for conventional garbage incinerator, the present invention proposes that a kind of cracking process smokeless dedusting rubbish burns Stove is burnt, it takes full advantage of the characteristics of combustiblerefuse is plastic material and easy decomposition combustion mostly, utilizes the easy heat build-up of doleiform burner hearth Principle first rubbish destructive distillation is decomposed or half decomposes, then it is fully burnt in bottleneck, so as to greatly reduce black smoke life Yield, fundamentally solves the problems, such as flue dust.The present invention compares flue dust according to gases such as physics knowledge vapor and carbon dioxide The principle preferentially passed through small etc. density of solid particles, the characteristics of using certain moisture is contained in rubbish, divulge information and fire with reference to bottleneck It is non-rising that more than 90% flue dust is expressed to burner hearth bottom by the big structure of burning technology, the small tripe of doleiform stockhole, and remaining cigarette Using flame, overwhelming majority when by the first flame dirt separating opening of expansive force caused by rotation rising from separation is gone out, remains dirt at a high speed Remaining few flue dust freely falls to bottom of furnace body after cooling, reduction kinetic energy are spread in pressure-reducing heat-exchanging chamber, so as to reach Smokeless emission.

To achieve the above object, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is as follows:

A kind of cracking process smokeless dedusting waste incinerator, including body of heater, body of heater is interior to be provided with a doleiform burner hearth, upper furnace Bottleneck is provided with oxygen supply pipeline and lower oxygen supply pipeline, and one end of two oxygen supply pipelines is connected with burner hearth, outside the other end and body of heater Aerator connects, and two control wind switches is respectively arranged with the outside upper oxygen supply pipeline of body of heater and lower oxygen supply pipeline, in upper oxygen supplying tube Several circular arc oxygen supply channels extended downwardly are provided with road bottleneck on oxygen supply port relative level point, are provided with certainly below oxygen supply channel Dynamic point kerosene device of air, the outer pulverization compressor of body of heater are connected with the iron destructive distillation pipeline of high temperature resistant, and destructive distillation conduit upper makes grid Columns cylinder or cone combustion chamber, an annular flame dirt separating opening, flame dirt point are provided with the middle part of the bottleneck of upper oxygen supply pipeline top Communicated from mouth with the bottomless bucket of isolating of burner hearth periphery, the space between body of heater and burner hearth is divided into two by isolation bucket, forms bottom Communicate, two space paths of top cut-off, roof of the furnace is provided with a decompression type dust and gas and separates heat-exchanging chamber, decompression type dust and gas point From being provided with water tank above heat-exchanging chamber.

The chimney that controllable blast pipe, pressure valve and diameter are less than burner hearth bottleneck diameter is provided with the water tank.

The lower portion of furnace body is provided with ash gate and decompression bag dust filter, and wherein ash gate communicates with burner hearth, in body of heater Lower portion is respectively arranged with several dust-filtering type decompression exhaust fans and decompression exhaust Dust filtering window, and heat-exchanging chamber is separated in decompression type dust and gas It is provided with glass window outside.

The burner hearth is shaped as upper cone body, lower cylinder or overall cone.

The body of heater material is stainless steel, and large-scale incinerator can make of special refractory, the suitable material of such as refractory brick Material.

The burner hearth material is fire resistant heat preserving construction material.

The aerator is blower fan.

Compared with prior art, the advantage of the invention is that:

1) present invention in body of heater can stainless steel make, large-scale incinerator can make of special refractory, such as refractory brick Etc. suitable material, thus it is sturdy and durable, and long lifespan, easy-maintaining, good heat insulating is made using fire resistant heat preserving construction material in burner hearth, and The most sharp heat build-up energy of its unique bottle-shaped structure, the probability that flue dust is produced during burning is reduced, while the characteristics of small is exported using it Most of flue dust is separated with gases such as vapor and carbon dioxide, flue dust has been stayed in burner hearth.

2) different rubbish is crushed from the pulverization compressor that iron destructive distillation pipeline is connected in the present invention, compression molding, Automatic transport is entered to reach top paliform cylinder or cone combustion section in destructive distillation pipeline after squeezing excessive moisture, so as to reduce Labor intensity.

3) oxygen supply channel can make combustion even not stay dead angle, together by oxygen rapidly along the downward air feed of bottleneck surrounding in the present invention When big density large particulate matter pushed back in bottle tripe continue to decompose, oxygen supply pipeline can be by bottleneck by oxygen supply of divulging information on neck part Burned flame is therefrom divided into two to form the cyclone of two burnings, along with the design feature of oxygen supply channel can be such that fuel fully fires Burn, prevent the black smoke of anoxic formation.

4) in the present invention lower oxygen supply pipeline can according to how much regulation oxygen-supplying amounts of moisture in bottleneck to reach normal combustion, on Flame dirt separating opening on oxygen supply pipeline in the middle part of bottleneck makes full use of flame to rotate expansive force caused by rising at a high speed by peripheral cigarette Dirt separates with flame, is fallen under the flue dust after separation in dust bag.

5) the large space feature of decompression type gas dirt separation heat-exchanging chamber can transmit heat energy rapidly feed-tank in the present invention, drop The temperature of low mixed gas slows down the air-flow rate of climb, also unsegregated flue dust in gas is separated, under the flue dust after separation Fall in dust bag.

6) water tank that decompression type gas dirt separation heat-exchanging chamber is set above in the present invention can efficiently accomplish heat exchange, caused High-pressure steam can be used for heating generating etc..

7) controllable blast pipe can adjust the discharge of high-temperature vapor as needed in the present invention, and pressure valve can protect water tank to pacify Entirely, chimney can smoothly discharge the gases such as vapor, carbon dioxide.

8) the decompression exhaust Dust filtering window that body of heater middle and lower part position is set in the present invention can effectively isolate flue dust and discharge gas, Decompression exhaust Dust filtering window is arranged with several dust-filtering type decompression exhaust fans, and it can not complete emission reduction in decompression exhaust Dust filtering window and appoint Start during business, effectively auxiliary completes decompression.

9) body of heater bottommost is provided with ash gate in order to which deslagging, automatic ignitor can be lighted conveniently in bottleneck in the present invention Rubbish, observation window can observe combustion position at any time, to make adjustment in time.

10) aerator is blower fan in the present invention, and installation is simple and convenient, and is easy to be individually replaced.

Brief description of the drawings:

The brief description of the present invention:Figure is internal structure schematic diagram of the present invention,

Wherein 1, body of heater, 2, burner hearth, 3, destructive distillation pipeline, 4, pulverization compressor, 5, water tank, 6, oxygen supply channel, 7, upper oxygen supplying tube Road, 8, lower oxygen supply pipeline, 9, flame dirt separating opening, 10, decompression type dust and gas separation heat-exchanging chamber, 11, paliform cylinder or cone Combustion chamber, the 12, first aerator, the 13, second aerator, 14, decompression exhaust Dust filtering window, 15, dust-filtering type decompression exhaust fan, 16, Depressurize bag dust filter, 17, automatic ignition oil and gas device, 18, ash gate, 19, glass window, 20, controllable blast pipe, 21, pressure control Valve, the 22, chimney, 23, first control wind switch, the 24, second control wind switch.

Embodiment:

A kind of cracking process smokeless dedusting waste incinerator, including body of heater 1, body of heater 1 is interior to be provided with a doleiform burner hearth 2, burner hearth 2 Top bottleneck is provided with oxygen supply pipeline 7 and lower oxygen supply pipeline 8, and one end of two oxygen supply pipelines is connected with burner hearth 2, the other end with Outer first aerator 12 of body of heater 1 and the second aerator 13 connect, wherein the first aerator 12 and the second aerator 13 are blower fan, The control wind switch 24 of the first control wind switch 23 and second is respectively arranged with the outside upper oxygen supply pipeline 7 of body of heater and lower oxygen supply pipeline 8, upper Several circular arc oxygen supply channels 6 extended downwardly are provided with the bottleneck of oxygen supply pipeline 7 on oxygen supply port relative level point, in oxygen supply channel 6 Lower section is provided with automatic ignition oil and gas device 17, and the outer pulverization compressor 4 of body of heater is connected with the iron destructive distillation pipeline 3 of high temperature resistant, destructive distillation Paliform cylinder or cone combustion chamber 11 are made in the top of pipeline 3, and an annular is provided with the middle part of the upper top bottleneck of oxygen supply pipeline 7 Flame dirt separating opening 9, flame dirt separating opening 9 communicate with the bottomless bucket of isolating of the periphery of burner hearth 2, and isolation bucket is by between body of heater 1 and burner hearth 2 Space is divided into two, and forms the two space paths that bottom communicates, top separates, and the top of burner hearth 2 is provided with a decompression type dust and gas point From heat-exchanging chamber 10, decompression type dust and gas separation heat-exchanging chamber 10 is provided with water tank 5 above.

Controllable blast pipe 20, pressure valve 21 and diameter are provided with the present invention on water tank 5 less than the bottleneck diameter of burner hearth 2 Chimney 22, ash gate 18 and decompression bag dust filter 16 are provided with the bottom of body of heater 1, wherein ash gate 18 communicates with burner hearth 2, in body of heater 1 middle and lower part position is respectively arranged with several dust-filtering type decompression exhaust fans 15 and decompression exhaust Dust filtering window 14, in decompression type dust and gas point Glass window 19 is provided with from heat-exchanging chamber 10 outside.

First rubbish is put into pulverization compressor 4 during use and crushes compression, destructive distillation pipe is sent to after squeezing out excessive moisture Until filling in whole fence burner hearth in road 3, it is then turned on aerator 12 and supplies oxygen, opens automatic ignition oil and gas device 17 and light Rubbish, the decompression of dust-filtering type decompression exhaust fan 15 is opened, sees that thermal transfer is whole finally by observation window 19.Conventional rubbish water content is fitted When middle, at this moment flame can close dust-filtering type decompression exhaust fan 15, if the small darker in color explanation of fire in bright yellow or shiny red Steam is excessive in burner hearth, at this moment should open the oxygen supply of the second aerator 13 while turn the wind supply quantity of the first aerator 12 down until normal Burning.

Obviously, one of ordinary skill in the art is according to the technological know-how and customary means grasped, in accordance with the above Content, which can also make, does not depart from the diversified forms of basic fundamental thought of the present invention these formal conversion the present invention's Within protection domain.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of cracking process smokeless dedusting waste incinerator, including body of heater (1), body of heater (1) is interior to be provided with a doleiform burner hearth (2), Burner hearth (2) top bottleneck is provided with oxygen supply pipeline (7) and lower oxygen supply pipeline (8), one end and the burner hearth (2) of two oxygen supply pipelines Connection, the first aerator (12) and the second aerator (13) are connected the other end outside with body of heater (1), in the outside upper oxygen supply pipeline of body of heater (7) the first control wind switch (23) and the second control wind switch (24) and on lower oxygen supply pipeline (8) are respectively arranged with, in upper oxygen supply pipeline (7) several circular arc oxygen supply channels (6) extended downwardly are provided with bottleneck on oxygen supply port relative level point, under oxygen supply channel (6) Side is provided with automatic ignition oil and gas device (17), and outer pulverization compressor (4) the destructive distillation pipeline (3) iron with high temperature resistant of body of heater is connected, Paliform cylinder or cone combustion chamber (11) are made in destructive distillation pipeline (3) top, are set on upper oxygen supply pipeline (7) top in the middle part of bottleneck There is an annular flame dirt separating opening (9), flame dirt separating opening (9) communicates with the bottomless bucket of isolating of burner hearth (2) periphery, isolates bucket by stove Space between body (1) and burner hearth (2) is divided into two, and forms the two space paths that bottom communicates, top separates, burner hearth (2) top Portion is provided with a decompression type dust and gas and separates heat-exchanging chamber (10), and decompression type dust and gas separation heat-exchanging chamber (10) is provided with water tank above (5), the middle and lower part position of the body of heater (1) is provided with several dust-filtering type decompression exhaust fans (15).
2. cracking process smokeless dedusting waste incinerator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that set on the water tank (5) There is the chimney (22) that controllable blast pipe (20), pressure valve (21) and diameter are less than burner hearth (2) bottleneck diameter.
3. cracking process smokeless dedusting waste incinerator according to claim 2, it is characterised in that body of heater (1) bottom is set Ash gate (18) and decompression bag dust filter (16) are equipped with, wherein ash gate (18) communicates with burner hearth (2), in the middle and lower part of body of heater (1) Position is provided with several decompression exhaust Dust filtering windows (14), and glass window is provided with outside decompression type dust and gas separation heat-exchanging chamber (10) (19)。
4. cracking process smokeless dedusting waste incinerator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the shape of the burner hearth (2) For upper cone body, lower cylinder or overall cone.
5. cracking process smokeless dedusting waste incinerator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that body of heater (1) material is special Different refractory material.
6. cracking process smokeless dedusting waste incinerator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that burner hearth (2) material is Fire resistant heat preserving construction material.
7. cracking process smokeless dedusting waste incinerator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that first aerator (12) and the second aerator (13) is blower fan.
CN201310192016.2A 2013-05-23 2013-05-23 Cracking process smokeless dedusting waste incinerator CN104180375B (en)

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CN104180375B true CN104180375B (en) 2017-12-12

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104456572B (en) * 2014-12-08 2016-09-14 朱肖州 A kind of inner chimney formula incinerator
CN105135435A (en) * 2015-09-30 2015-12-09 上海源凡投资有限公司 Anaerobic refuse cracking treatment machine
CN105841157A (en) * 2016-05-20 2016-08-10 重庆鸿全兴业金属制品股份有限公司 Incinerator
CN108204596B (en) * 2017-12-28 2019-09-06 蓝宜建 A kind of pyrotechnics separator of waste incineration

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CN2385222Y (en) * 1999-06-10 2000-06-28 九筑工业株式会社 Destructive distillation type gas cremation furnace
CN2469321Y (en) * 2001-01-02 2002-01-02 秦才东 Installation used for continuous destructive distillation and carbonization
CN1360171A (en) * 2000-12-19 2002-07-24 中国科学院广州能源研究所 Pyrolytic incinerator for medical garbage
CN1361383A (en) * 2002-01-30 2002-07-31 张文杰 Dry distilling incinerator
JP2002226863A (en) * 2001-02-02 2002-08-14 Shigeo Muramatsu Method for producing smokeless charcoal from building waste wood or the like as main raw material and device therefor
JP2005321141A (en) * 2004-05-07 2005-11-17 Eiburu:Kk Incinerator
CN1834535A (en) * 2006-03-16 2006-09-20 周开根 Smokeless coal burning boiler and gas synthetizing equipment thereof
KR100689718B1 (en) * 2006-10-12 2007-03-08 대구자원(주) Recycling methods and recycling system of metal caps
CN101666492A (en) * 2009-09-30 2010-03-10 张建超 Biomass gasification fired boiler
CN102252318A (en) * 2011-05-17 2011-11-23 济南宝华新能源技术有限公司 Dry distillation, reversal combustion and normal combustion integrated biomass combustion method and device
CN203349275U (en) * 2013-05-23 2013-12-18 陈平 Smokeless dust-removal garbage incinerator through dry distillation method

Patent Citations (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4060041A (en) * 1975-06-30 1977-11-29 Energy Products Of Idaho Low pollution incineration of solid waste
JPH08276168A (en) * 1995-04-06 1996-10-22 Motoda Electron Co Ltd Treatment of heat-decomposable matter to be treated not generating smoke and malodor
JPH10253032A (en) * 1997-03-14 1998-09-25 Mametora Noki Kk Combustion balancing device in refuse incinerator
CN2385222Y (en) * 1999-06-10 2000-06-28 九筑工业株式会社 Destructive distillation type gas cremation furnace
CN1360171A (en) * 2000-12-19 2002-07-24 中国科学院广州能源研究所 Pyrolytic incinerator for medical garbage
CN2469321Y (en) * 2001-01-02 2002-01-02 秦才东 Installation used for continuous destructive distillation and carbonization
JP2002226863A (en) * 2001-02-02 2002-08-14 Shigeo Muramatsu Method for producing smokeless charcoal from building waste wood or the like as main raw material and device therefor
CN1361383A (en) * 2002-01-30 2002-07-31 张文杰 Dry distilling incinerator
JP2005321141A (en) * 2004-05-07 2005-11-17 Eiburu:Kk Incinerator
CN1834535A (en) * 2006-03-16 2006-09-20 周开根 Smokeless coal burning boiler and gas synthetizing equipment thereof
KR100689718B1 (en) * 2006-10-12 2007-03-08 대구자원(주) Recycling methods and recycling system of metal caps
CN101666492A (en) * 2009-09-30 2010-03-10 张建超 Biomass gasification fired boiler
CN102252318A (en) * 2011-05-17 2011-11-23 济南宝华新能源技术有限公司 Dry distillation, reversal combustion and normal combustion integrated biomass combustion method and device
CN203349275U (en) * 2013-05-23 2013-12-18 陈平 Smokeless dust-removal garbage incinerator through dry distillation method

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