CN1361383A - Dry distilling incinerator - Google Patents

Dry distilling incinerator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1361383A
CN1361383A CN 02113292 CN02113292A CN1361383A CN 1361383 A CN1361383 A CN 1361383A CN 02113292 CN02113292 CN 02113292 CN 02113292 A CN02113292 A CN 02113292A CN 1361383 A CN1361383 A CN 1361383A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
dry distilling
water tank
heater
chamber
destructive distillation
Prior art date
Application number
CN 02113292
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1140720C (en
Inventor
张文杰
Original Assignee
张文杰
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by 张文杰 filed Critical 张文杰
Priority to CNB021132925A priority Critical patent/CN1140720C/en
Publication of CN1361383A publication Critical patent/CN1361383A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN1140720C publication Critical patent/CN1140720C/en

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Abstract

The dry distilling incinerator for incinerate human and animal corpse consists of furnace body, electric heater and controller. Its features are that the inner cavity of the furnace body consists of two parts including sealed cavity and dry distilling cavity, and there are piston over the sealed cavity, microwave heater in the lower part of the piston and outside the dry distilling cavity, electric heater in the bottom of the dry distilling cavity, residue outlet below the dry distilling cavity, gas-ash conveying pipe and gas-ash separator, oxygen pipe and pressure air pipe connected to the upper part of the dry distilling cavity, temperature regulating water tank, water pool connected to the gas-ash separator and the temperature regulating water tank. The dry distilling incinerator can fast burn the incinerated matter completely and has no smoke and dust exhaust, and is safe and without environment pollution.

Description

Dry distilling incinerator

Technical field: the present invention relates to incinerator, particularly a kind of dry distilling incinerator that incinerates human or animal's corpse.

Background technology: prior art is to the incineration of human or animal's corpse, and what all adopt is that cross-ventilation burns, and will produce a large amount of waste gas and flue dust in the incineration course, seriously contaminated air and environment.With existing crematorium incinerator is example, every burning one tool corpse needs more than 20 kilogram of diesel oil, about 1.5 hours consuming time, what adopt during work is spray combustion, in combustion process, need a large amount of oxygen, can only solve by increasing the cross-ventilation amount, the increase of cross-ventilation amount makes temperature rising difficulty in the stove again, cause burning insufficient, the result produces a large amount of cigarette, dirt directly to discharge from chimney, contaminated air and environment incinerate the corpse behind the animal dead that causes because of disease, and the processing of the discarded object of hospital's generation all is like this.

In the discarded object that human or animal's corpse and hospital produce, exhausted major part is a hydrocarbon, and Main Ingredients and Appearance is water, grease and solid matters such as carbon, calcium, method with oil spout is burned, be waste, produced waste gas again, increased the weight of pollution air and environment to resource.Carry out the destructive distillation decomposition if can adopt a kind of method or device that these are incinerated material; again analyte is handled by the oxidation reaction under the high temperature; make its product and discharging thereof reach the discharge standard of cleaning, environmental protection fully, this reform and environmental protection for the mode of incineration all is very favourable.

Summary of the invention: the objective of the invention is for solving the problem of environmental pollution that existing incinerating apparatus exists in incineration course, a kind ofly by destructive distillation, mode of oxidizing human or animal's corpse is carried out the dry distilling incinerator of incineration process and design, the technical scheme of employing is:

Dry distilling incinerator is made up of body of heater, fire door, base, electric heater and control device, it is characterized in that:

A. the inner chamber of body of heater partly is made up of closed chamber A and destructive distillation chamber B two, is provided with piston above closed chamber A, and lower part of piston is provided with microwave applicator, and the outer wall of closed chamber A bottom is provided with the temperature adjustment water tank;

B. be close to outer wall in the destructive distillation chamber of the body of heater B outside and establish microwave applicator, electric heater is established in the bottom, and destructive distillation chamber B bottom establishes the residue outlet, and the top of residue outlet is connected with gas ash carrier pipe, and is communicated to air;

C. body of heater destructive distillation chamber B upper orifice is connected with oxygen channel, pressure air pipeline, and the outlet conduit of temperature adjustment water tank and the outlet pipe of air are connected to the pond.

Described incineration is carried out under oxygenation state

The present invention also has following technical characterictic:

The combustion gas heat-generating disc is set below electric heater, and combustion gas heat-generating disc below is the barbecue ring, the corresponding combustion gas stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire in the below of barbecue ring.

Outer wall at closed chamber A and destructive distillation chamber B is provided with temperature, pressure, photoelectric sensor.

The pond is made up of elevated tank, meta water tank, lower water box, and the meta water tank is divided into left and right two little water tanks, is connected by water pipe between elevated tank and the meta water tank, and the inlet and outlet pipe lines that is provided with on the meta water tank passes through solenoid control respectively.

Dry distilling incinerator according to the present invention's proposition, compare with existing fuel oil type incinerator, on furnace binding and incineration mode, all carried out improving completely, through experiment, the discharge capacity of carbon monoxide in the whole incineration course, have only about the one thousandth of existing incinerator, do not have tangible dust to fly away phenomenon, do not have greasy smell, incinerate the thing burning fully, totally, fast, safety, environmental protection requirement have been reached substantially.

Description of drawings:

Fig. 1 is the overall structure schematic diagram of one of embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 2 is the structural representation of one of the present invention embodiment of adopting the pond.

Further specify the specific embodiment of the present invention according to accompanying drawing embodiment below:

As shown in Figure 1, dry distilling incinerator is made up of body of heater 1, fire door 6, base 16, electric heater and control device, wherein the inner chamber of body of heater 1 partly is made up of closed chamber A and destructive distillation chamber B two, above closed chamber A, be provided with piston 2, the top of piston 2 links to each other with the hawser 3 of lifting device by link, the bottom is provided with microwave applicator 7, and the power line 4 of microwave applicator 7 is drawn from the piston top.Establish piston ring 5 between the inwall of piston 2 and closed chamber A, closed chamber A bottom and the B thermal insulation of destructive distillation chamber are joined, and when piston 2 operation downwards, guarantee that the gas in the destructive distillation chamber B does not leak, piston 2 is operation downwards under the gravity effect, plays extruding simultaneously and incinerates the effect that thing enters the destructive distillation chamber.The outer wall of closed chamber A bottom is provided with temperature adjustment water tank 12, the outer wall of closed chamber A and destructive distillation chamber B is provided with temperature, pressure, photoelectric sensor 28, temperature in the body of heater, situations of change such as pressure all are to be controlled by various kinds of sensors 28 by the console 9 that is located on the operating platform 8, as when temperature in the stove surpasses allowed band, operating personnel open water inlet pipe, increase the periodical feeding of temperature adjustment water tank 12, promptly regulated the temperature of body of heater closed chamber A, all the time within the temperature range that allows, the outlet conduit 38 of temperature adjustment water tank 12 and the outlet pipe of air 27 are connected to pond 25 to assurance closed chamber A temperature.

The destructive distillation chamber B of body of heater 1 holds the incineration thing, be close to outer wall in the outside in destructive distillation chamber and establish microwave applicator 14, electric heater 19 is established in the bottom, destructive distillation chamber bottom establishes residue outlet 21, the top of residue outlet 21 is connected with gas ash carrier pipe 22, and be communicated to air 27, destructive distillation chamber upper orifice and oxygen channel 23, pressure air pipeline 24 is connected, oxygen or pressure air can be provided in stove as required, the effect of air 27 is when being incinerated thing through destructive distillation, after finishing, oxidation becomes ashes, operating personnel open pressure air pipeline 24 from console 9, ashes are sent into air 27 through gas ash carrier pipe 22 together with pressure air, release air after filtering, stay bone ash.

For increasing the adaptability of this device, below electric heater 19, be provided with combustion gas heat-generating disc 20, combustion gas heat-generating disc 20 belows are barbecue rings 18, the corresponding combustion gas stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire 17 in the below of barbecue ring 18 under power-off condition, can use combustion gas to incinerate.

All the other labels are respectively among the figure: the 10--control line; 11--temperature adjustment control piper; The 13--thermal insulation layer; The 15--peep hole; 26--connects grey platform; The 29--passage.

Each pipeline that links to each other with body of heater among the figure is equipped with magnetic valve, and by its switching of console 9 centralized Control or switching, whole incinerator, fire door partly are placed in the basement below 6, and fire door is above in ground surface platform 8, and there do not have flue dust to discharge in the work to be outdoor.Water vapour discharging and recirculated cooling water pond usefulness in the stove are made in pond 25, pumpable or adopt mode shown in Figure 2 to build.

The present invention shown in Fig. 2 adopts an example in pond 25, a corollary apparatus as incinerator, after adopting pond shown in Figure 2, can further improve the result of use of device, it is made up of elevated tank 30, meta water tank 35, lower water box 32, meta water tank 35 is divided into left and right two little water tanks, is connected by water pipe 37 between elevated tank 30 and the meta water tank 35, and the inlet and outlet pipe lines that is provided with on the meta water tank 35 is respectively by magnetic valve K1--K8 control.Under the operating position, two little water tanks of meta water tank are water inlet and draining by turns, and purpose one is to pass through pipeline, air and water vapour in the suction destructive distillation chamber B, cooling water steam makes it to be reduced into water, the 2nd, by the pipeline suction destructive distillation chamber is in the environment of low pressure, the electrically heated efficient of favourable raising.Their operation principle is: establish left side Cistern valve K1, K2 and open, K3, K4 close, the current direction lower water box 32 in the water tank, and pipeline is air-breathing; When K1, K2 close, it then is exhaust that K3, K4 open, another water tank operation logic is identical, two groups of valves alternately open and close the suction destructive distillation chamber gas task of finishing, their duty conversion is controlled automatically by the level sensor 31,33 and the pump 34 that are located on the casing, always opens, always closes by console 9 controls.

Number in the figure 36--upper hose, P1, P2--Pressure gauge.

Claims (5)

1. a dry distilling incinerator is made up of body of heater, fire door, base, electric heater and control device, it is characterized in that:
A. the inner chamber of body of heater (1) partly is made up of closed chamber A and destructive distillation chamber B two, is provided with piston (2) above closed chamber A, and the bottom of piston (2) is provided with microwave applicator (7), and the outer wall of closed chamber A bottom is provided with temperature adjustment water tank (12);
B. be close to outer wall in the destructive distillation chamber of body of heater (1) the B outside and establish microwave applicator (14), electric heater (19) is established in the bottom, destructive distillation chamber B bottom establishes residue outlet (21), and the top of residue outlet (21) is connected with gas ash carrier pipe (22), and is communicated to air (27);
C. body of heater (1) destructive distillation chamber B upper orifice is connected with oxygen channel (23), pressure air pipeline (24), and the outlet conduit (38) of temperature adjustment water tank (12) and the outlet pipe of air (27) are connected to pond (25).
2. dry distilling incinerator as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that incinerating under oxygenation state and carries out.
3. as claim 1,2 described dry distilling incinerators, it is characterized in that being provided with combustion gas heat-generating disc (20) below electric heater (19), combustion gas heat-generating disc (20) below is a barbecue ring (18), the corresponding combustion gas stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire (17) in the below of barbecue ring (18).
4. as claim 1,2 described dry distilling incinerators, it is characterized in that the outer wall of closed chamber A and destructive distillation chamber B is provided with temperature, pressure, photoelectric sensor (28).
5. as claim 1,2 described dry distilling incinerators, it is characterized in that pond (25) is made up of elevated tank (30), meta water tank (35), lower water box (32), meta water tank (35) is divided into left and right two little water tanks, be connected by water pipe (37) between elevated tank (30) and the meta water tank (35), meta water tank (35) is gone up the inlet and outlet pipe lines that is provided with respectively by magnetic valve K1--K8 control.
CNB021132925A 2002-01-30 2002-01-30 Dry distilling incinerator CN1140720C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB021132925A CN1140720C (en) 2002-01-30 2002-01-30 Dry distilling incinerator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB021132925A CN1140720C (en) 2002-01-30 2002-01-30 Dry distilling incinerator

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN1361383A true CN1361383A (en) 2002-07-31
CN1140720C CN1140720C (en) 2004-03-03

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNB021132925A CN1140720C (en) 2002-01-30 2002-01-30 Dry distilling incinerator

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN1140720C (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102615088A (en) * 2012-03-21 2012-08-01 北京普仁生态技术有限公司 Innocent treatment method for animal carcasses
CN104180375A (en) * 2013-05-23 2014-12-03 陈平 Smokeless dust-collecting refuse incinerator adopting cracking process
CN106016302A (en) * 2016-07-07 2016-10-12 湖南省中晟热能科技有限公司 Carbon-containing residue reduction method and device thereof

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102615088A (en) * 2012-03-21 2012-08-01 北京普仁生态技术有限公司 Innocent treatment method for animal carcasses
CN104180375A (en) * 2013-05-23 2014-12-03 陈平 Smokeless dust-collecting refuse incinerator adopting cracking process
CN104180375B (en) * 2013-05-23 2017-12-12 陈平 Cracking process smokeless dedusting waste incinerator
CN106016302A (en) * 2016-07-07 2016-10-12 湖南省中晟热能科技有限公司 Carbon-containing residue reduction method and device thereof

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN1140720C (en) 2004-03-03

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