CN104180375A - Smokeless dust-collecting refuse incinerator adopting cracking process - Google Patents

Smokeless dust-collecting refuse incinerator adopting cracking process Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104180375A
CN104180375A CN201310192016.2A CN201310192016A CN104180375A CN 104180375 A CN104180375 A CN 104180375A CN 201310192016 A CN201310192016 A CN 201310192016A CN 104180375 A CN104180375 A CN 104180375A
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China
Prior art keywords
oxygen supply
incinerator
burner hearth
heater
dust
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Application number
CN201310192016.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104180375B (en
Inventor
陈平
陈世斌
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陈平
陈世斌
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Publication of CN104180375B publication Critical patent/CN104180375B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a smokeless dust-collecting refuse incinerator adopting a cracking process. The smokeless dust-collecting refuse incinerator comprises an incinerator body, wherein a hearth is arranged in the incinerator body; an upper oxygen supply pipeline and a lower oxygen supply pipeline are arranged at the upper bottleneck of the hearth; one end of each of the two oxygen supply pipelines is connected with the hearth; the other ends of the two oxygen supply pipelines are connected with an external oxygen supply machine of the incinerator body; a plurality of arc-shaped oxygen supply slots extending downwards are formed at relative horizontal points of an oxygen supply opening in the upper oxygen supply pipeline; an automatic ignition oil-gas device is arranged below each oxygen supply slot; an external crushing compressor of the incinerator body is connected with a high-temperature-resisting iron destructive distillation pipeline; the upper part of the destructive distillation pipeline is made into a paliform cylindrical or conical combustion chamber; an annular flame-dust separating opening is formed in the middle of the upper bottleneck of one oxygen supply pipeline; a pressure reducing dust-gas separation heat exchange chamber is arranged at the top of the hearth; a water tank is arranged on the pressure reducing dust-gas separation heat exchange chamber. According to the smokeless dust-collecting refuse incinerator disclosed by the invention, refuses are subjected to destructive distillation and decomposition and then are fully burnt, so that the production rate of black smoke is greatly reduced; rest smoke and dust also gradually fall into the bottom of the incinerator body in the rising process, so that the smokeless emission is realized.

Description

Cracking process smokeless dedusting incinerator

Technical field:

The present invention relates to a kind of stove and accessory, relate in particular to a kind of cracking process smokeless dedusting incinerator.

Background technology:

Along with economic development and the quickening of urbanization, the quantity that annual domestic waste produces is multiplied, the traditional approach of garbage disposal is that the rubbish degree of depth is buried, but bury house refuse, needs large area land used, and is buried in underground rubbish and is easy to polluted underground water resource.

In order to overcome the problem that disposal of refuse mode produces of burying, at present a lot of cities utilize incinerator to concentrate airtight burning domestic garbage, by burning, rubbish is carried out to harmless treatment, the heat energy that can utilize again incineration firing to produce simultaneously generates electricity or warms oneself, and makes full use of waste resource.

At present; incinerator is on the market generally the pattern that conventional combustion adds cleaner; for protection of the environment; the a large amount of black smokes that produced when high-power cleaner has all been installed with absorption isolation burning; although make like this flue dust discharge capacity reach standard but use cost is too high, cannot reach desirable effect.

Summary of the invention:

The problems referred to above that exist for overcoming conventional garbage incinerator, the present invention proposes a kind of cracking process smokeless dedusting incinerator, it takes full advantage of the feature that combustiblerefuse is plastic material and easy decomposition combustion mostly, utilize the principle of the easy heat build-up of doleiform burner hearth first rubbish destructive distillation to be decomposed or half decomposition, then in bottleneck, it is fully burnt, thereby greatly reduce black smoke productivity ratio, fundamentally solved flue dust problem.The present invention according to gases such as physics knowledge steam and carbon dioxide than the little principle of preferentially passing through of the densities of solid particles such as flue dust, utilize the feature that all contains certain moisture in rubbish, in conjunction with bottleneck ventilation combustion technology, it is non-rising that the large structure of tripe that doleiform burner hearth is young is expressed to burner hearth bottom by more than 90% flue dust, and the expansive force that remaining flue dust produces while utilizing flame High Rotation Speed to rise when by the first flame dirt separating opening the overwhelming majority from going out separation, remain few flue dust spreads cooling in pressure-reducing heat-exchanging chamber, after reducing kinetic energy, freely fall to bottom of furnace body, thereby reach smokeless emission.

For achieving the above object, the technical solution used in the present invention is as follows:

A kind of cracking process smokeless dedusting incinerator, comprise body of heater, in body of heater, be provided with a doleiform burner hearth, upper furnace bottleneck is provided with oxygen supply pipeline and lower oxygen supply pipeline, one end of two oxygen supply pipelines is connected with burner hearth, the other end is connected with the outer aerator of body of heater, on the outside upper oxygen supply pipeline of body of heater and lower oxygen supply pipeline, be respectively arranged with two control wind switches, in upper oxygen supply pipeline bottleneck, on oxygen supply port relative level point, be provided with several to the circular arc oxygen supply channel of downward-extension, below oxygen supply channel, be provided with automatic ignition oil and gas device, the outer pulverization compressor of body of heater is connected with high temperature resistant iron destructive distillation pipeline, destructive distillation conduit upper is made paliform cylinder or cone combustion chamber, at oxygen supply pipeline top bottleneck middle part, be provided with an annular flame dirt separating opening, flame dirt separating opening communicates with the bottomless isolation bucket of burner hearth periphery, isolation bucket is divided into two the space between body of heater and burner hearth, forming bottom communicates, the two space paths that top cuts off, roof of the furnace is provided with a decompression type Chen Qi heat of dissociation switch room, decompression type Chen Qi heat of dissociation is provided with water tank above switch room.

On described water tank, be provided with the chimney that controlled blast pipe, pressure valve and diameter are less than burner hearth bottleneck diameter.

Described lower portion of furnace body is provided with ash gate and decompression bag dust filter, wherein ash gate communicates with burner hearth, in the position, middle and lower part of body of heater, be respectively arranged with several dust-filtering type decompression exhaust fans and decompression exhaust Dust filtering window, at decompression type Chen Qi heat of dissociation, switch room is outside equipped with glass window.

Described burner hearth be shaped as upper cone body, lower cylindrical body or whole cone.

Described body of heater material is stainless steel, and large-scale incinerator can be made of special refractory, as applicable materials such as refractory brick.

Described burner hearth material is fire resistant heat preserving construction material.

Described aerator is blower fan.

Compared with prior art, the invention has the advantages that:

1) body of heater in the present invention can be made by stainless steel, large-scale incinerator can be made of special refractory, as applicable materials such as refractory brick, therefore sturdy and durable, burner hearth is used fire resistant heat preserving construction material to make life-span length, easy-maintaining, good heat insulating, and its unique the most sharp heat build-up energy of doleiform structure, produces the probability of flue dust while having reduced burning, utilize it to go out young feature most of flue dust is separated with gases such as carbon dioxide with steam simultaneously, flue dust has been stayed in burner hearth.

2) pulverization compressor being connected from iron destructive distillation pipeline in the present invention is by different garbage crushings, compression molding, after squeezing excessive moisture, automatic transport is entered arrival top paliform cylinder or cone burning portion in destructive distillation pipeline, thereby has reduced labour intensity.

3) in the present invention, oxygen supply channel can be by oxygen rapidly along the downward air feed of bottleneck surrounding, make burning evenly not stay dead angle, large density large particulate matter is pushed back in bottle tripe simultaneously and continue to decompose, on neck part, oxygen supply pipeline can be therefrom divided into two burned flame in bottleneck and be formed the cyclone of two burnings by ventilation oxygen supply, the design feature of adding oxygen supply channel can make full combustion of fuel, stops the black smoke that anoxic forms.

4) in the present invention, lower oxygen supply pipeline can be according to how many adjusting oxygen-supplying amounts of moisture in bottleneck to reach normal combustion, on upper oxygen supply pipeline the flame dirt separating opening at bottleneck middle part make full use of the expansive force that produces when flame High Rotation Speed rises by peripheral flue dust and flame separate from, the flue dust after separation drops in dust bag.

5) in the present invention, the large space feature of decompression type Qi Chen heat of dissociation switch room can pass to rapidly water tank by heat energy, the temperature that reduces mist slows down the air-flow rate of climb, by in gas, also unsegregated flue dust is separated, the flue dust after separation drops in dust bag.

6) water tank that in the present invention, decompression type Qi Chen heat of dissociation switch room arranges above can effectively complete heat exchange, and the high-pressure steam of generation can be used for heating generating etc.

7) in the present invention, controlled blast pipe can regulate the discharge of high-temperature vapor as required, and pressure valve can be protected water tank safety, and chimney can be discharged the gases such as steam, carbon dioxide smoothly.

8) the decompression exhaust Dust filtering window that in the present invention, position, body of heater middle and lower part arranges can effectively be isolated flue dust Exhaust Gas, decompression exhaust Dust filtering window is arranged with several dust-filtering type decompression exhaust fans, it can start when decompression exhaust Dust filtering window can not complete emission reduction tasks, has effectively assisted decompression.

9) in the present invention, body of heater bottommost is provided with ash gate so that deslagging, and automatic ignitor can conveniently be lighted the rubbish in bottleneck, and observation window can be observed combustion position at any time, to make adjustment in time.

10) in the present invention, aerator is blower fan, installs simple and conveniently, and is easy to independent replacing.

Accompanying drawing explanation:

Brief description of the present invention: figure is internal structure schematic diagram of the present invention,

Wherein 1, body of heater, 2, burner hearth, 3, destructive distillation pipeline, 4, pulverization compressor, 5, water tank, 6, oxygen supply channel, 7, upper oxygen supply pipeline, 8, lower oxygen supply pipeline, 9, flame dirt separating opening, 10, decompression type Chen Qi heat of dissociation switch room, 11, paliform cylinder or cone combustion chamber, 12/13, aerator, 14, decompression exhaust Dust filtering window, 15, dust-filtering type decompression exhaust fan, 16, decompression bag dust filter, 17, automatic ignition oil and gas device, 18, ash gate, 19, glass window, 20, controlled blast pipe, 21, pressure valve, 22, chimney, 23/24, control wind switch.

The specific embodiment:

A kind of cracking process smokeless dedusting incinerator, comprise body of heater 1, in body of heater 1, be provided with a doleiform burner hearth 2, burner hearth 2 top bottleneck are provided with oxygen supply pipeline 7 and lower oxygen supply pipeline 8, one end of two oxygen supply pipelines is connected with burner hearth 2, the other end is connected with 13 with the outer aerator 12 of body of heater 1, wherein aerator 12 and 13 is blower fan, on the outside upper oxygen supply pipeline 7 of body of heater and lower oxygen supply pipeline 8, be respectively arranged with two control wind switches 23 and 24, in upper oxygen supply pipeline 7 bottlenecks, on oxygen supply port relative level point, be provided with several to the circular arc oxygen supply channel 6 of downward-extension, below oxygen supply channel 6, be provided with automatic ignition oil and gas device 17, the outer pulverization compressor 4 of body of heater is connected with high temperature resistant iron destructive distillation pipeline 3, paliform cylinder or cone combustion chamber 11 are made in destructive distillation pipeline 3 tops, at oxygen supply pipeline 7 bottleneck middle parts, top, be provided with an annular flame dirt separating opening 9, flame dirt separating opening 9 communicates with the bottomless isolation bucket of burner hearth 2 peripheries, isolation bucket is divided into two the space between body of heater 1 and burner hearth 2, forming bottom communicates, the two space paths that top cuts off, burner hearth 2 tops are provided with a decompression type Chen Qi heat of dissociation switch room 10, decompression type Chen Qi heat of dissociation switch room 10 is provided with water tank 5 above.

In the present invention, on water tank 5, be provided with the chimney 22 that controlled blast pipe 20, pressure valve 21 and diameter are less than burner hearth 2 bottleneck diameters, in body of heater 1 bottom, be provided with ash gate 18 and decompression bag dust filter 16, wherein ash gate 18 communicates with burner hearth 2, in the position, middle and lower part of body of heater 1, be respectively arranged with several dust-filtering type decompression exhaust fans 15 and decompression exhaust Dust filtering window 14, in decompression type Chen Qi heat of dissociation switch room 10, be outside equipped with glass window 19.

During use, first rubbish is put into pulverization compressor 4 pulverizing compressions, after squeezing out excessive moisture, sent in destructive distillation pipeline 3 until fill in whole fence burner hearth, open again aerator 12 oxygen supplys, open automatic ignition oil and gas device 17 and light rubbish, open 15 decompressions of dust-filtering type decompression exhaust fan, finally by observation window 19, see that thermal transfer is whole.When general rubbish water content is moderate, flame is bright yellow or shiny red, at this moment can close dust-filtering type decompression exhaust fan 15, if steam is excessive in fiery little darker in color explanation burner hearth, at this moment should open wind supply quantity that aerator 13 oxygen supplys turn aerator 12 down simultaneously until normal combustion.

Obviously, those of ordinary skill in the art is according to grasped technological know-how and customary means, according to above said content can also make do not depart from basic fundamental thought of the present invention these pro forma conversion of various ways all within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. a cracking process smokeless dedusting incinerator, comprise body of heater (1), in body of heater (1), be provided with a doleiform burner hearth (2), burner hearth (2) top bottleneck is provided with oxygen supply pipeline (7) and lower oxygen supply pipeline (8), one end of two oxygen supply pipelines is connected with burner hearth (2), the other end is connected with (13) with the outer aerator of body of heater (1) (12), on the outside upper oxygen supply pipeline of body of heater (7) and lower oxygen supply pipeline (8), be respectively arranged with two control wind switches (23) and (24), in upper oxygen supply pipeline (7) bottleneck, on oxygen supply port relative level point, be provided with several to the circular arc oxygen supply channel (6) of downward-extension, in oxygen supply channel (6) below, be provided with automatic ignition oil and gas device (17), the outer pulverization compressor (4) of body of heater is connected with high temperature resistant iron destructive distillation pipeline (3), paliform cylinder or cone combustion chamber (11) are made in destructive distillation pipeline (3) top, at oxygen supply pipeline (7) top bottleneck middle part, be provided with an annular flame dirt separating opening (9), flame dirt separating opening (9) the bottomless isolation bucket peripheral with burner hearth (2) communicates, isolation bucket is divided into two the space between body of heater (1) and burner hearth (2), forming bottom communicates, the two space paths that top cuts off, burner hearth (2) top is provided with a decompression type Chen Qi heat of dissociation switch room (10), decompression type Chen Qi heat of dissociation switch room (10) is provided with water tank (5) above.
2. cracking process smokeless dedusting incinerator according to claim 1, is characterized in that being provided with on described water tank (5) chimney (22) that controlled blast pipe (20), pressure valve (21) and diameter are less than burner hearth (2) bottleneck diameter.
3. cracking process smokeless dedusting incinerator according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described body of heater (1) bottom is provided with ash gate (18) and decompression bag dust filter (16), wherein ash gate (18) communicates with burner hearth (2), in the position, middle and lower part of body of heater (1), be respectively arranged with several dust-filtering type decompression exhaust fan (15) and decompression exhaust Dust filtering windows (14), in decompression type Chen Qi heat of dissociation switch room (10), be outside equipped with glass window (19).
4. cracking process smokeless dedusting incinerator according to claim 1, what it is characterized in that described burner hearth (2) is shaped as upper cone body, lower cylindrical body or whole cone.
5. cracking process smokeless dedusting incinerator according to claim 1, is characterized in that described body of heater (1) material is stainless steel, and large-scale incinerator can be made of special refractory, as applicable materials such as refractory brick.
6. cracking process smokeless dedusting incinerator according to claim 1, is characterized in that described burner hearth (2) material is fire resistant heat preserving construction material.
7. cracking process smokeless dedusting incinerator according to claim 1, is characterized in that described aerator (12), (13) are blower fan.
CN201310192016.2A 2013-05-23 2013-05-23 Cracking process smokeless dedusting waste incinerator CN104180375B (en)

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CN104180375B CN104180375B (en) 2017-12-12

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104456572A (en) * 2014-12-08 2015-03-25 朱肖州 Garbage incinerator with built-in chimney
CN105135435A (en) * 2015-09-30 2015-12-09 上海源凡投资有限公司 Anaerobic refuse cracking treatment machine
CN105841157A (en) * 2016-05-20 2016-08-10 重庆鸿全兴业金属制品股份有限公司 Incinerator
CN108204596A (en) * 2017-12-28 2018-06-26 蓝宜建 A kind of pyrotechnics separator of waste incineration

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US4060041A (en) * 1975-06-30 1977-11-29 Energy Products Of Idaho Low pollution incineration of solid waste
JPH08276168A (en) * 1995-04-06 1996-10-22 Motoda Electron Co Ltd Treatment of heat-decomposable matter to be treated not generating smoke and malodor
JPH10253032A (en) * 1997-03-14 1998-09-25 Mametora Noki Kk Combustion balancing device in refuse incinerator
CN2385222Y (en) * 1999-06-10 2000-06-28 九筑工业株式会社 Destructive distillation type gas cremation furnace
CN2469321Y (en) * 2001-01-02 2002-01-02 秦才东 Installation used for continuous destructive distillation and carbonization
CN1360171A (en) * 2000-12-19 2002-07-24 中国科学院广州能源研究所 Pyrolytic incinerator for medical garbage
CN1361383A (en) * 2002-01-30 2002-07-31 张文杰 Dry distilling incinerator
JP2002226863A (en) * 2001-02-02 2002-08-14 Shigeo Muramatsu Method for producing smokeless charcoal from building waste wood or the like as main raw material and device therefor
JP2005321141A (en) * 2004-05-07 2005-11-17 Eiburu:Kk Incinerator
CN1834535A (en) * 2006-03-16 2006-09-20 周开根 Smokeless coal burning boiler and gas synthetizing equipment thereof
KR100689718B1 (en) * 2006-10-12 2007-03-08 대구자원(주) Recycling methods and recycling system of metal caps
CN101666492A (en) * 2009-09-30 2010-03-10 张建超 Biomass gasification fired boiler
CN102252318A (en) * 2011-05-17 2011-11-23 济南宝华新能源技术有限公司 Dry distillation, reversal combustion and normal combustion integrated biomass combustion method and device
CN203349275U (en) * 2013-05-23 2013-12-18 陈平 Smokeless dust-removal garbage incinerator through dry distillation method

Patent Citations (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4060041A (en) * 1975-06-30 1977-11-29 Energy Products Of Idaho Low pollution incineration of solid waste
JPH08276168A (en) * 1995-04-06 1996-10-22 Motoda Electron Co Ltd Treatment of heat-decomposable matter to be treated not generating smoke and malodor
JPH10253032A (en) * 1997-03-14 1998-09-25 Mametora Noki Kk Combustion balancing device in refuse incinerator
CN2385222Y (en) * 1999-06-10 2000-06-28 九筑工业株式会社 Destructive distillation type gas cremation furnace
CN1360171A (en) * 2000-12-19 2002-07-24 中国科学院广州能源研究所 Pyrolytic incinerator for medical garbage
CN2469321Y (en) * 2001-01-02 2002-01-02 秦才东 Installation used for continuous destructive distillation and carbonization
JP2002226863A (en) * 2001-02-02 2002-08-14 Shigeo Muramatsu Method for producing smokeless charcoal from building waste wood or the like as main raw material and device therefor
CN1361383A (en) * 2002-01-30 2002-07-31 张文杰 Dry distilling incinerator
JP2005321141A (en) * 2004-05-07 2005-11-17 Eiburu:Kk Incinerator
CN1834535A (en) * 2006-03-16 2006-09-20 周开根 Smokeless coal burning boiler and gas synthetizing equipment thereof
KR100689718B1 (en) * 2006-10-12 2007-03-08 대구자원(주) Recycling methods and recycling system of metal caps
CN101666492A (en) * 2009-09-30 2010-03-10 张建超 Biomass gasification fired boiler
CN102252318A (en) * 2011-05-17 2011-11-23 济南宝华新能源技术有限公司 Dry distillation, reversal combustion and normal combustion integrated biomass combustion method and device
CN203349275U (en) * 2013-05-23 2013-12-18 陈平 Smokeless dust-removal garbage incinerator through dry distillation method

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104456572A (en) * 2014-12-08 2015-03-25 朱肖州 Garbage incinerator with built-in chimney
CN105135435A (en) * 2015-09-30 2015-12-09 上海源凡投资有限公司 Anaerobic refuse cracking treatment machine
CN105841157A (en) * 2016-05-20 2016-08-10 重庆鸿全兴业金属制品股份有限公司 Incinerator
CN108204596A (en) * 2017-12-28 2018-06-26 蓝宜建 A kind of pyrotechnics separator of waste incineration
CN108204596B (en) * 2017-12-28 2019-09-06 蓝宜建 A kind of pyrotechnics separator of waste incineration

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