CN104163515B - A kind of domestic sewage in rural areas simple process method - Google Patents

A kind of domestic sewage in rural areas simple process method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104163515B
CN104163515B CN201410424302.1A CN201410424302A CN104163515B CN 104163515 B CN104163515 B CN 104163515B CN 201410424302 A CN201410424302 A CN 201410424302A CN 104163515 B CN104163515 B CN 104163515B
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pond
sandstone
sewage
water
bamboo
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CN104163515A (en
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张古平
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Guangxi Hui Tai Environmental Protection Technology Co., Ltd
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Tiane Pingchang Ecological Agriculture Co Ltd
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Abstract

A kind of domestic sewage in rural areas simple process method, step is: the porch that (1) is collected at sewage, arranges fence to remove insoluble matter, floating thing etc. in sewage, enters to stand precipitation in pond, clarification by fence is laggard;(2) water after precipitation, clarification in step (1), is flowed out by pond upper outlet, enters sandstone pond, and the partial organic substances in sewage is adsorbed by the sandstone in pond, and then water is flowed out by sandstone pond upper outlet;(3) water that flowed out by sandstone pond in step (2) enters bamboo raft pond, and water body is gone out part poisonous and harmful substances by the bamboo raft in bamboo raft pond, and the water eventually passing through process is flowed out by the upper outlet in bamboo raft pond, discharges.It is contemplated that domestic sewage in rural areas carries out simple process in discharge, reducing the pollution level to ecological environment, the further present invention is simple to treatment method for rural sewage, easily operates, and cost is non-normally low, it is easy to realize.

Description

A kind of domestic sewage in rural areas simple process method
Technical field
The present invention relates to the technical field of sewage disposal, relate to a kind of domestic sewage in rural areas simple process method.
Background technology
Country sewage is the resident living sewage of rural villages and small town and the general name producing waste water.Its source is a lot, generally has the sewage that (1) urban residents' daily life produces;(2) farm animal excrement of peasant's cultivation;(3) the various sewage of township enterprise's discharge.Wherein, domestic sewage in rural areas is typically derived from following three aspects: first is kitchen waste water, how to form with dish water, Shabu pot water, rice washing and vegetable washing water.Containing Organic substances such as Testa oryzae dish bits in rice washing vegetable washing water, containing the multiple element such as substantial amounts of andvegetable fats and sodium, acetic acid, chlorine, iodine in other sewage.Due to the increase that growth in the living standard, meat based food and oils use, the oil component of sanitary sewage is made to increase.Second is life wash water, and the use of articles for washing makes wash water contain a large amount of chemical composition.Such as, Taihu Lake laundrywastes accounts for the 21.6% of sanitary sewage, and Chaohu, Dian Chi are approximately 17.9%.Having investigation display, the rural households of 92% use detergent always, and the family of 6% uses detergent and soap simultaneously, only family's life-time service soap of 2%.The a large amount of use of detergent has increased the weight of phosphorus load problem.
Domestic sewage in rural areas is generally extensive discharge, be noteworthy characterized by that intermittent discharge, displacement be few and dispersion, away from blowdown pipe network and big water body, environmental capacity of water is little, wastewater treatment rate is low, management level are low and transient change is bigger.Additionally, because of the impact by many factors such as population density, economic structure, crop composition, water saving level, water resources condition, the target water value difference in rural area, each province is not very big, thus causing that the generation of different geographical domestic sewage in rural areas and Drainage feature there is also very big difference.
Generally seldom there is perfect sewage collection system in rural area, and, because bankroll problem, seldom can set up sewage disposal system in rural area, the sanitary sewage ditch by Around the house or small ditch are substantially discharged into neighbouring water body by most rural area even some remote urban residents, directly sewage is spilt earthward sometimes, or be used for feeding pigs by sanitary sewage available for part.The discharge approach of domestic sewage in rural areas mainly has: directly spilling earthward, enter river course nearby, entered river etc. by sewer, serious threat peasant's is healthy.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is to solve above-mentioned technical problem, a kind of simply dealt method of domestic sewage in rural areas of invention, it is intended to domestic sewage in rural areas carry out simple process in discharge, the pollution level to ecological environment can be reduced, the further present invention is simple to treatment method for rural sewage, easily operation, cost is non-normally low, it is easy to realize.
For solving above-mentioned technical problem, technical solution of the present invention is as follows:
A kind of domestic sewage in rural areas simple process method, its operating procedure is:
(1) porch collected at sewage, arranges fence to remove insoluble matter, floating thing etc. in sewage, enters to stand precipitation in pond, clarification by fence is laggard;
(2) water after precipitation, clarification in step (1), is flowed out by pond upper outlet, enters sandstone pond, and the partial organic substances in sewage is adsorbed by the sandstone in pond, and then water is flowed out by sandstone pond upper outlet;
(3) water flowed out by sandstone pond in step (2) enters bamboo raft pond, and water body is removed part poisonous and harmful substances by the bamboo raft in bamboo raft pond, and the water eventually passing through process is flowed out by the upper outlet in bamboo raft pond, discharge.
Wherein, the described pond that stands is the pond dug that faced down by ground, and length × wide × height is 10m × 5m × 10m.
Wherein, sandstone pond length × wide × height is 10m × 5m × 10m, is placed with the sandstone accounting for sandstone pool space capacity 45~65% in sandstone pond, and described stone is cobblestone, and sand is quartz sand.
Wherein, described cobblestone accounts for the 55~75% of sandstone gross weight, and described quartz sand accounts for the 25~45% of sandstone gross weight.
Wherein, having by every root length × wide × high entirely hollow molecular length of bamboo for 9m × 0.05~0.08m × 0.03~0.06m × wide × high big bamboo raft for 9m × 4.5m × 9m in described bamboo raft pond, the hollow mouth of every bamboo in described big bamboo raft is towards water (flow) direction.
Wherein, every bamboo in big bamboo raft fits tightly.
In use procedure, the sandstone in sandstone pond and the bamboo raft in bamboo raft pond are changed once every half a year.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
A kind of simply dealt method of domestic sewage in rural areas, sandstone, bamboo is utilized to have solvable in absorption effluent, noxious substance, also act as the effect of clarification sewage simultaneously, achieving the purpose discharged again after domestic sewage in rural areas carries out simply process, reduce the pollution level to ecological environment, the further present invention is simple to treatment method for rural sewage, easily realize, easily operation, cost is non-normally low, is adapted at rural area large-scale promotion.
Detailed description of the invention
Further describing the present invention referring to detailed description of the invention, to make those skilled in the art can implement according to this with reference to description word, scope is not limited to embodiments of the present invention.
Embodiment 1
Getting cobblestone ready and account for the 45% of sandstone pool space capacity with quartz sand, its cobble accounts for the 55% of total sandstone amount, and quartz sand accounts for the 45% of total sandstone amount, is first put into by cobblestone in sandstone pond, is then put in sandstone pond by quartz sand again.Every root length × wide × height is length × wide × high big bamboo raft for 9m × 4.5m × 9m that 9m × 0.05~0.08m × 0.03~0.06m entirely hollow bamboo got through is spliced into, and then big bamboo empties the pit of the stomach and vertically puts in bamboo raft pond towards water (flow) direction.Then by sanitary sewage drain produced in rural area, import same main flow, collect entrance at sewage and go out, fence is set, remove the insoluble matter in sewage, floating substance etc..Sewage flows through that fence is laggard to be entered to stand in pond standing 1~2d, then vertical dimension is opened from standing the upper water-out mouth of 9m bottom pond, upper strata sewage in pond will be stood discharge, flow into sandstone pond, the partial organic substances in sandstone absorption effluent in sandstone pond, sewage is clarified simultaneously, water outlet in sandstone pond, the flow velocity controlling sewage is 0.01m/s, the sewage in sandstone pond is allowed fully to be subsequently processed, sewage is flowed out from the upper water-out mouth of 9m bottom sandstone pond by vertical dimension, then bamboo raft pond is flowed into, sewage flows into and flows through behind bamboo raft pond in big bamboo raft in the thick bamboo tube of every little bamboo, sewage is when flowing in bamboo raft, poisonous and harmful substance in bamboo absorption effluent, it is then out bamboo raft, flowed out from the upper water-out mouth of 9m bottom bamboo raft pond by vertical dimension again, just the domestic sewage in rural areas for discharging.Stand the geographical position between pond, sandstone pond, cesspool and differ 0.5m respectively, stand pond in higher position, be secondly lower than the sandstone pond standing pond 0.5m, be the bamboo raft pond lower than sandstone pond 0.5m again.
Embodiment 2
Getting cobblestone ready and account for the 55% of sandstone pool space capacity with quartz sand, its cobble accounts for the 65% of total sandstone amount, and quartz sand accounts for the 35% of total sandstone amount, is first put into by cobblestone in sandstone pond, is then put in sandstone pond by quartz sand again.Every root length × wide × height is length × wide × high big bamboo raft for 9m × 4.5m × 9m that 9m × 0.05~0.08m × 0.03~0.06m entirely hollow bamboo got through is spliced into, and then big bamboo empties the pit of the stomach and vertically puts in bamboo raft pond towards water (flow) direction.Then by sanitary sewage drain produced in rural area, import same main flow, collect entrance at sewage and go out, fence is set, remove the insoluble matter in sewage, floating substance etc..Sewage flows through that fence is laggard to be entered to stand in pond standing 1~2d, then vertical dimension is opened from standing the upper water-out mouth of 9m bottom pond, upper strata sewage in pond will be stood discharge, flow into sandstone pond, the partial organic substances in sandstone absorption effluent in sandstone pond, sewage is clarified simultaneously, water outlet in sandstone pond, the flow velocity controlling sewage is 0.01m/s, the sewage in sandstone pond is allowed fully to be subsequently processed, sewage is flowed out from the upper water-out mouth of 9m bottom sandstone pond by vertical dimension, then bamboo raft pond is flowed into, sewage flows into and flows through behind bamboo raft pond in big bamboo raft in the thick bamboo tube of every little bamboo, sewage is when flowing in bamboo raft, poisonous and harmful substance in bamboo absorption effluent, it is then out bamboo raft, flowed out from the upper water-out mouth of 9m bottom bamboo raft pond by vertical dimension again, just the domestic sewage in rural areas for discharging.Stand the geographical position between pond, sandstone pond, cesspool and differ 0.5m respectively, stand pond in higher position, be secondly lower than the sandstone pond standing pond 0.5m, be the bamboo raft pond lower than sandstone pond 0.5m again.
Embodiment 3
Getting cobblestone ready and account for the 65% of sandstone pool space capacity with quartz sand, its cobble accounts for the 75% of total sandstone amount, and quartz sand accounts for the 25% of total sandstone amount, is first put into by cobblestone in sandstone pond, is then put in sandstone pond by quartz sand again.Every root length × wide × height is length × wide × high big bamboo raft for 9m × 4.5m × 9m that 9m × 0.05~0.08m × 0.03~0.06m entirely hollow bamboo got through is spliced into, and then big bamboo empties the pit of the stomach and vertically puts in bamboo raft pond towards water (flow) direction.Then by sanitary sewage drain produced in rural area, import same main flow, collect entrance at sewage and go out, fence is set, remove the insoluble matter in sewage, floating substance etc..Sewage flows through that fence is laggard to be entered to stand in pond standing 1~2d, then vertical dimension is opened from standing the upper water-out mouth of 9m bottom pond, upper strata sewage in pond will be stood discharge, flow into sandstone pond, the partial organic substances in sandstone absorption effluent in sandstone pond, sewage is clarified simultaneously, water outlet in sandstone pond, the flow velocity controlling sewage is 0.01m/s, the sewage in sandstone pond is allowed fully to be subsequently processed, sewage is flowed out from the upper water-out mouth of 9m bottom sandstone pond by vertical dimension, then bamboo raft pond is flowed into, sewage flows into and flows through behind bamboo raft pond in big bamboo raft in the thick bamboo tube of every little bamboo, sewage is when flowing in bamboo raft, poisonous and harmful substance in bamboo absorption effluent, it is then out bamboo raft, flowed out from the upper water-out mouth of 9m bottom bamboo raft pond by vertical dimension again, just the domestic sewage in rural areas for discharging.Stand the geographical position between pond, sandstone pond, cesspool and differ 0.5m respectively, stand pond in higher position, be secondly lower than the sandstone pond standing pond 0.5m, be the bamboo raft pond lower than sandstone pond 0.5m again.
A kind of simply dealt method of domestic sewage in rural areas, sandstone, bamboo is utilized to have solvable in absorption effluent, noxious substance, also act as the effect of clarification sewage simultaneously, achieving the purpose discharged again after domestic sewage in rural areas carries out simply process, reduce the pollution level to ecological environment, the further present invention is simple to treatment method for rural sewage, easily realize, easily operation, cost is non-normally low, is adapted at rural area large-scale promotion.

Claims (4)

1. a domestic sewage in rural areas simple process method, it is characterised in that comprise following operating procedure:
(1) porch collected at sewage, arranges fence to remove insoluble matter, floating thing in sewage, enters to stand precipitation in pond, clarification by fence is laggard;
(2) water after precipitation, clarification in step (1), flowed out by pond upper outlet, enter sandstone pond, partial organic substances in sewage is adsorbed by the sandstone in pond, and then water is flowed out by sandstone pond upper outlet, wherein, described sandstone pond length × wide × height is 10m × 5m × 10m, being placed with the sandstone accounting for sandstone pool space capacity 45~65% in sandstone pond, described stone is cobblestone, and sand is quartz sand;
(3) water flowed out by sandstone pond in step (2) enters bamboo raft pond and carries out further decontamination, water after decontamination is flowed out by the upper outlet in bamboo raft pond, discharge, wherein, having by every root length × wide × high entirely hollow molecular length of bamboo for 9m × 0.05~0.08m × 0.03~0.06m × wide × high big bamboo raft for 9m × 4.5m × 9m in described bamboo raft pond, the hollow mouth of every bamboo in described big bamboo raft is towards water (flow) direction.
2. domestic sewage in rural areas simple process method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the described pond that stands is the pond dug that faced down by ground, and length × wide × height is 10m × 5m × 10m.
3. domestic sewage in rural areas simple process method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described cobblestone accounts for the 55~75% of sandstone gross weight, and described quartz sand accounts for the 25~45% of sandstone gross weight.
4. domestic sewage in rural areas simple process method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: every bamboo in big bamboo raft fits tightly.
CN201410424302.1A 2014-08-26 2014-08-26 A kind of domestic sewage in rural areas simple process method Active CN104163515B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105712519A (en) * 2016-04-13 2016-06-29 合肥九源环境科技有限公司 Rural sewage purifier

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202116409U (en) * 2011-06-02 2012-01-18 强光初 Rural sewage pre-treatment device
CN102381767A (en) * 2011-10-10 2012-03-21 桂林理工大学 Water purifying method of uniform flow constructed wetland
CN102874926A (en) * 2012-09-21 2013-01-16 田灵 System and method for treating sewage by using unpowered oxygen-supply ecological filter
CN103613240A (en) * 2013-11-18 2014-03-05 广西鸿生源环保科技有限公司 Multi-stage ecological sewage purification treatment device and method

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101268084B1 (en) * 2010-01-12 2013-05-29 주식회사 유기산업 Water-purifying WetLands for purifying Water and the Purification Apparatus using the same

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202116409U (en) * 2011-06-02 2012-01-18 强光初 Rural sewage pre-treatment device
CN102381767A (en) * 2011-10-10 2012-03-21 桂林理工大学 Water purifying method of uniform flow constructed wetland
CN102874926A (en) * 2012-09-21 2013-01-16 田灵 System and method for treating sewage by using unpowered oxygen-supply ecological filter
CN103613240A (en) * 2013-11-18 2014-03-05 广西鸿生源环保科技有限公司 Multi-stage ecological sewage purification treatment device and method

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Address after: 530007 Nine West Section of new high road, Nanning, the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region

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