CN203440156U - Grey water treatment device using matrix-reinforced composite-flow constructed wetland for residence community - Google Patents

Grey water treatment device using matrix-reinforced composite-flow constructed wetland for residence community Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203440156U
CN203440156U CN201320428636.7U CN201320428636U CN203440156U CN 203440156 U CN203440156 U CN 203440156U CN 201320428636 U CN201320428636 U CN 201320428636U CN 203440156 U CN203440156 U CN 203440156U
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water
processing unit
matrix
unit
constructed wetland
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CN201320428636.7U
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钱元弟
严秀清
刘守诚
王孝平
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Maanshan MCC 17 Engineering Science and Technology Co Ltd
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Maanshan MCC 17 Engineering Science and Technology Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/10Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage

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  • Biological Treatment Of Waste Water (AREA)

Abstract

The utility model discloses a grey water treatment device using a matrix-reinforced composite-flow constructed wetland for a residence community, and belongs to the technical field of water treatment. The grey water treatment device comprises a collection adjusting unit, a constructed wetland treatment unit and an outlet water reusing unit, wherein the collection adjusting unit comprises a separately-collecting water inlet pipe, a fine grid machine, an adjusting tank and a water supply pump; the constructed wetland treatment unit comprises an enhanced-denitrification horizontal-undercurrent zeolite matrix treatment unit and an enhanced-dephosphorization vertical-flow ceramsite matrix treatment unit; the outlet water reusing unit comprises a clean-water reservoir, a chemical adding system and an outlet water reusing pipe. The grey water treatment device is improved for solving problems in a constructed wetland treatment technology, is used for collecting, treating and reusing gray water in the residence community, can give play to the treatment capacity of the constructed wetland to the maximum extent, is adaptable to different hydraulic loading impact, can ensure the running stability of the constructed wetland, and can effectively treating gray water in the residence community.

Description

Matrix intensified type compound flow constructed wetland residential quarters waste water treatment device
Technical field
The utility model belongs to water-treatment technology field, is specifically related to a kind of matrix intensified type compound flow constructed wetland residential quarters waste water treatment device.
Background technology
Water pollution problems has obtained the extensive concern of society and government in recent years, and water pollutes processing engineering and equipment becomes better and approaching perfection day by day, and urban water supply and sewerage pipe network system is also in the middle of constantly building and transforming.Residential quarters are as the main place of people life, and its concentrated water mainly comprises the aspects such as people's daily life, diet, trip, and it is large that water feature may be summarized to be the water yield, and use is wide, and water-quality constituents is complicated.Facing the day by day situation of scarcity of water resources, improve the utilising efficiency of residential quarters water resources, can not only alleviate the problem of water scarcity, can also alleviate the pressure of municipal sewage treatment, is to kill two birds with one stone.
Residential quarters sewage can be divided into the large class of buck and Heisui River two according to its source and water quality, basically identical about the definition in buck and Heisui River both at home and abroad.Buck refers to the waste water that discharge in shower, washing, laundry, kitchen, and because kitchen waste water organic concentration is higher, and containing wet goods impurity, some scholars have not been classified as buck one class now; Heisui River refers to the waste water except buck, mainly containing feces of toilet water.Buck pollution source is simple, and intractability is low, is the water source of residential quarters reuse water overriding concern.
Domestic and international many scholars have reached basic common recognition with regard to the classification of grey water handing technology, i.e. physics, chemical treatment method, biologic treating technique and Ecological Disposal technology.The physics of buck, chemical treatment method mainly comprise chemical coagulation, film processing.By chemical coagulation and film, processed and can effectively be removed grey pollutant in water, reduce the turbidity of buck, its shortcoming comprises that film pollutes, chemical sludge pollutes and can not effectively remove the pathogenic micro-organism in buck; The biological treatment of buck is to utilize the microorganism in reactor that the organism in buck and nutritive substance are degraded and removed, mainly comprise SBR, blodisc, catalytic oxidation, MBR etc., domesticly at these biological treatments, be applied to Sewage Plant tail water, micro-polluted water, city buck, and carried out correlative study and discussion; The Ecological Disposal technology of buck mainly comprises the natural purification systems such as oxidation pond, artificial swamp, utilizes nature self and hand-stuff to process on the spot sewage.
A kind of as in Ecological Disposal technology, artificial swamp is considered to the grey water handing technology of " environment is the most friendly, and economic benefit is high ", is also the focus of Abroad in Recent Years scholar's research.Artificial wetland treatment process is because the choosing of its matrix, the difference of flow-shape are, the difference of plant can cause the totally different of wet land system treatment effect.Common artificial swamp adopts single filler and single water flow mode, and contaminant removal efficiency is lower, system stability balance is poor.
Summary of the invention
The problem that the utility model exists for Treatment Technology of Constructed Wetland, a kind of matrix intensified type compound flow constructed wetland residential quarters waste water treatment device is provided, this application of installation is in processing residential quarters buck and carrying out reuse, can bring into play to greatest extent the processing power of artificial swamp, adapt to different hydraulic loading shocks, guarantee the stable of artificial swamp operation, and can effectively process residential quarters buck.
Matrix intensified type compound flow constructed wetland provided by the utility model residential quarters waste water treatment device forms by collecting regulon, artificial swamp processing unit and effluent reuse unit, and described collection regulon, artificial swamp processing unit and effluent reuse unit are connected successively by pipeline; Described collection regulon comprises sub-prime collection water inlet pipe 11, fine grid machine 12, equalizing tank 13 and conveying pump 14, and described sub-prime collection water inlet pipe 11, fine grid machine 12, equalizing tank 13, conveying pump 14 connect successively; Described artificial swamp processing unit is divided into strengthened denitrification horizontal drowned flow zeolite matrix processing unit and reinforced phosphor-removing vertical current haydite matrix processing unit; The bottom of described strengthened denitrification horizontal drowned flow zeolite matrix processing unit is provided with the first impervious barrier 21, described strengthened denitrification horizontal drowned flow zeolite matrix processing unit is provided with the water distribution uniformity pipe 22 used into water and for the overcurrent weir 23 of water outlet, the lower floor of described strengthened denitrification horizontal drowned flow zeolite matrix processing unit is provided with zeolite matrix bed 24, described zeolite matrix bed 24 tops are provided with first and banket 25, described first bankets on 25 plants the first emergent 26, current by the direction horizontal flow of intaking to water outlet direction; The bottom of described reinforced phosphor-removing vertical current haydite matrix processing unit is provided with the second impervious barrier 32, described reinforced phosphor-removing vertical current haydite matrix processing unit is provided with training wall 31, perforation backwash tube 33 and evacuated tube 34, the lower floor of described reinforced phosphor-removing vertical current haydite matrix processing unit is haydite matrix bed 35, the top of described haydite matrix bed 35 is provided with second and bankets 36, described second bankets on 36 plants the second emergent 37, current are intake by unit bottom, top water outlet; Described effluent reuse unit is comprised of clean water basin 41, medicine system 42, effluent reuse pipe 43, and described medicine system 42 is connected with described clean water basin 41 by pump, and described clean water basin 41 are connected with described effluent reuse pipe 43.
Matrix intensified type compound flow constructed wetland provided by the utility model residential quarters waste water treatment device can be applicable to residential quarters buck collection, processing and the reuse of (comprising house shower, washing, washes).Collection regulon in this treatment unit utilizes the tubing system of lift pump or run by gravity that the shower of collection, washing and washes are collected after water inlet pipe enters fine grid machine filtration treatment and entered case type equalizing tank by sub-prime; equalizing tank connects artificial swamp processing unit by pipeline; first pass through first half strengthened denitrification horizontal drowned flow zeolite matrix processing unit; then pass through the mode of mill weir, flow to latter half reinforced phosphor-removing vertical current haydite matrix processing unit.Most pollutents of wetland effluent are removed, but content of microorganisms still has and exceeds standard.In order to guarantee the safe and reliable of reuse water, need to carry out dosing sterilization, just only have the water through dosing sterilization can carry out the reuse of various uses.Medicine system is set in effluent reuse unit and carries out disinfection of effluent, effluent reuse pipe carries out reuse water conveying.
Described strengthened denitrification horizontal drowned flow zeolite matrix processing unit mesolite adopts natural zeolite, and particle diameter is 3 ~ 5cm, to NH 3dive-N has very strong adsorptive power.
Described reinforced phosphor-removing vertical current haydite matrix processing unit, water inlet is dropped from the overflow of strengthened denitrification horizontal drowned flow zeolite matrix processing unit, and before this unit, training wall is set, and makes this unit current operation fluidised form for from top to bottom, and water outlet is positioned at wetland top.In reinforced phosphor-removing vertical current haydite matrix processing unit, the particle diameter of haydite is 5~25mm, and it has good removal effect to the phosphorus in water.
Emergent in described artificial swamp unit can be according to plants such as regional different choice calamus, cattail, reeds.Described medicine system can adopt chlorination, can adopt automatic detection and automatic chlorination system, controls and to add cl concn and water outlet in the residence time of clean water basin.
The utlity model has following advantage:
1, collected that residential quarters ash discharge is large, effluent quality is excellent; Use Artificial Wetland Techniques, working cost is low, and treatment effect is excellent, and environmental benefit is good;
2, on traditional Artificial Wetland Techniques, improve, by use, strengthen matrix and combined-flow operation scheme, improve wetland and remove organism, denitrogenation, dephosphorization efficiency by using, and reduce Wetland clogging frequency;
3, reuse water for community periphery afforest, flush the toilet, the multiple use such as road is poured down or forth.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1: be the utility model structural representation.
In figure: 11: sub-prime is collected water inlet pipe; 12: fine grid machine; 13: equalizing tank; 14: conveying pump; 21: the first impervious barriers; 22: water distribution uniformity pipe; 23: overcurrent weir; 24: zeolite matrix bed; Banket at 25: the first; 26: the first emergents; 31: training wall; 32: the second impervious barriers; 33: perforation backwash tube; 34: evacuated tube; 35: haydite matrix bed; Banket at 36: the second; 37: the second emergents; 41: clean water basin; 42: medicine system; 43: effluent reuse pipe.
Embodiment
Referring to Fig. 1, matrix intensified type compound flow constructed wetland provided by the utility model residential quarters waste water treatment device forms by collecting regulon, artificial swamp processing unit and effluent reuse unit, collect regulon 1 and comprise sub-prime collection water inlet pipe 11, fine grid machine 12, equalizing tank 13, and conveying pump 14.Artificial swamp processing unit is divided into strengthened denitrification horizontal drowned flow zeolite matrix processing unit and reinforced phosphor-removing vertical current haydite matrix processing unit.
Strengthened denitrification horizontal drowned flow zeolite matrix processing unit, the first impervious barrier 21 also must be laid in bottom except at the bottom of needing concrete casting, water inlet adopts water distribution uniformity pipe 22, effluent adopting overcurrent weir 23, unit lower floor is zeolite matrix bed 24, matrix bed top is provided with first and bankets and 25, the first banket on 25 and plant the first emergent 26, current by the direction horizontal flow of intaking to water outlet direction.
Reinforced phosphor-removing vertical current haydite matrix processing unit; before water inlet, establish training wall 31; the second impervious barrier 32 also must be laid in bottom except needing deposit concrete; and establish perforation backwash tube 33 and evacuated tube 34; unit lower floor is haydite matrix bed 35, and matrix bed top is provided with second and bankets and 36, the second banket on 36 and plant the second emergent 37; current are intake by unit bottom, top water outlet.
Most pollutents of wetland effluent are removed, but content of microorganisms still has and exceeds standard.In order to guarantee the safe and reliable of reuse water, need to carry out dosing sterilization, just only have the water through dosing sterilization can carry out the reuse of various uses.Effluent reuse unit is by clean water basin 41, medicine system 42, effluent reuse pipe 43.
The utility model working process is as follows: artificial wet land treating system need pass through system debug, plant cultivating, plant growth stage, matrix biofilm stage, stable water outlet stage.Build up the initial stage, by design discharge and general water quality water inlet, operation 2-3 month, treats that plant root growth is ripe, after matrix biofilm completes, carries out the trial run of artificial swamp; The trial run stage needs often (every 2-3 days) to measure water outlet indices, after stable water outlet, enters the commencement of commercial operation stage of wet land system.The commencement of commercial operation stage is according to the variation of flooding velocity, and reuse water user demand, by equalizing tank and the clean water basin regulation system Inlet and outlet water water yield within the specific limits, has certain anti-water impact and the ability of change of water quality.

Claims (1)

1. matrix intensified type compound flow constructed wetland residential quarters waste water treatment device, it is characterized in that this treatment unit forms by collecting regulon, artificial swamp processing unit and effluent reuse unit, described collection regulon, artificial swamp processing unit and effluent reuse unit are connected successively by pipeline; Described collection regulon comprises sub-prime collection water inlet pipe (11), fine grid machine (12), equalizing tank (13) and conveying pump (14), and described sub-prime collection water inlet pipe (11), fine grid machine (12), equalizing tank (13), conveying pump (14) connect successively; Described artificial swamp processing unit is divided into strengthened denitrification horizontal drowned flow zeolite matrix processing unit and reinforced phosphor-removing vertical current haydite matrix processing unit; The bottom of described strengthened denitrification horizontal drowned flow zeolite matrix processing unit is provided with the first impervious barrier (21), described strengthened denitrification horizontal drowned flow zeolite matrix processing unit is provided with the water distribution uniformity pipe (22) used into water and for the overcurrent weir (23) of water outlet, the lower floor of described strengthened denitrification horizontal drowned flow zeolite matrix processing unit is provided with zeolite matrix bed (24), described zeolite matrix bed (24) top is provided with first and bankets (25), described first (25) upper plantation first emergent (26) of banketing; The bottom of described reinforced phosphor-removing vertical current haydite matrix processing unit is provided with the second impervious barrier (32), described reinforced phosphor-removing vertical current haydite matrix processing unit is provided with training wall (31), perforation backwash tube (33) and evacuated tube (34), the lower floor of described reinforced phosphor-removing vertical current haydite matrix processing unit is haydite matrix bed (35), the top of described haydite matrix bed (35) is provided with second and bankets (36), described second (36) upper plantation second emergent (37) of banketing; Described effluent reuse unit is comprised of clean water basin (41), medicine system (42) and effluent reuse pipe (43), described medicine system (42) is connected with described clean water basin (41) by pump, and described clean water basin (41) are connected with described effluent reuse pipe (43).
CN201320428636.7U 2013-07-19 2013-07-19 Grey water treatment device using matrix-reinforced composite-flow constructed wetland for residence community Expired - Lifetime CN203440156U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104150702A (en) * 2014-07-25 2014-11-19 中国环境科学研究院 Reclaimed water reusing device for purifying sewage by utilizing vertical subsurface flow constructed wetland and treatment method
CN105036345A (en) * 2015-07-10 2015-11-11 中国环境科学研究院 Enhanced nitrogen and phosphorus removal integrated constructed wetland system
CN108726804A (en) * 2018-06-13 2018-11-02 沈阳建筑大学 A kind of intensified denitrification and dephosphorization artificial wet land system distributed rationally based on plant
CN108793604A (en) * 2018-06-27 2018-11-13 信阳师范学院 A kind of colleges and universities' sewage and rain processing system

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104150702A (en) * 2014-07-25 2014-11-19 中国环境科学研究院 Reclaimed water reusing device for purifying sewage by utilizing vertical subsurface flow constructed wetland and treatment method
CN104150702B (en) * 2014-07-25 2015-11-18 中国环境科学研究院 Vertical subsurface flow wetland is purified waste water Treated sewage reusing device and treatment process
CN105036345A (en) * 2015-07-10 2015-11-11 中国环境科学研究院 Enhanced nitrogen and phosphorus removal integrated constructed wetland system
CN108726804A (en) * 2018-06-13 2018-11-02 沈阳建筑大学 A kind of intensified denitrification and dephosphorization artificial wet land system distributed rationally based on plant
CN108793604A (en) * 2018-06-27 2018-11-13 信阳师范学院 A kind of colleges and universities' sewage and rain processing system

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Granted publication date: 20140219