CN104160829B - Full-automatic medlar-picking machine - Google Patents

Full-automatic medlar-picking machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104160829B
CN104160829B CN201410348149.9A CN201410348149A CN104160829B CN 104160829 B CN104160829 B CN 104160829B CN 201410348149 A CN201410348149 A CN 201410348149A CN 104160829 B CN104160829 B CN 104160829B
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China
Prior art keywords
optical member
elastic
fruit
bar
frame body
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201410348149.9A
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CN104160829A (en
Inventor
刘文海
马卫星
惠华
张晓虎
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JINGHE AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY TECHNOLOGY PROMOTION CENTER
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JINGHE AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY TECHNOLOGY PROMOTION CENTER
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Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of full-automatic medlar-picking machine, comprise transmission rig, body frame body (3), pluck frame always to become, longitudinal translating device associated (16), transverse conveying mechanism (17), lifting mechanism (13) and collection box (12), its improvement is: longitudinal translating device associated (16) inner side is provided with passage closer (15), this passage closer (15), comprise some elastic supporting member for supporting optical member (15-1), this elastic supporting member for supporting optical member (15-1) is elastic rhabdos, the shape that is parallel to each other is arranged on body frame body (3), the door curtain made of cloth (15-2) of soft matter it is provided with between adjacent elastic supporting member for supporting optical member (15-1). compared with existing technology, the present invention is picking efficiency and fresh fruit net picking rate height not only, and operation process only gathers in the crops mature fruit and immature fruit can not be caused damage, particularly can better the fruit gathered be collected in transfer mechanism, greatly reduce fruit and omit.

Description

Full-automatic medlar-picking machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of medlar-picking machine tool, particularly a kind of large-scale medlar-picking machine automatically.
Background technology
Matrimony vine growth has the feature of " unordered inflorescence, continuously flowers and fruits ", namely bloom, result, maturation carry out simultaneously, the difficulty of work of gathering is bigger.
The artificial efficiency plucking matrimony vine is only 3-5Kg/h, and labour cost, up to 1.5-2 unit/Kg, accounts for more than the 50% of production cost. Therefore, promotion wolfberry industry development is significant by the medlar-picking machine of the applicable China's national situation of development.
In matrimony vine is planted, the harvesting of Chinese wolfberry fruit and processing request are very high, particularly pluck, and are directly connected to the quality of the finished product.
Owing to moisture content during matrimony vine maturation is very high, accounting for 70-80%, pericarp is tender and lovely, is easy to damage, needs to handle with care, take together with carpopodium during harvesting, and if there is damage, fruit juice flows out will affect its inner quality, also can become black after dry.
Meanwhile, owing to the growth of matrimony vine matrimony vine has the feature of " unordered inflorescence, continuously flowers and fruits ", it is bloomed, result and maturation complete during one long, and asynchronous, must with ripe with adopting when gathering, and the difficulty of work of therefore gathering is bigger. Main at present or dependence is manually plucked, and labour intensity is big, and the amount of labour used is many, plucks cost very high.
The matrimony vine plantation of China belongs to close planting type more, and planting density is 330/667m2, line-spacing and spacing in the rows are relatively little, and line-spacing mostly is 1.0-1.5m: rattan branch is intricate, it is considered that be unsuitable for large-scale picking mechanical and enter ground operation.
Therefore current medlar-picking machine tool, based on middle-size and small-size hand-held formula, has that structure is simple, volume is little, light weight, is convenient to the advantage carried, but its shortcoming is also clearly: namely working efficiency is lower.
Current medlar-picking machine tool mainly designs based on following two kinds of principles.
A kind of is under taking the principle of mechanical oscillation to be shaken from branch by matrimony vine, such as the picking mechanical disclosed in Chinese patent CN200720156226.6, CN201020520858.8, CN201010272425.X, CN201220534284.9, CN201220075334.1, the bantam that this class machinery is mainly hand-held, it is to increase efficiency is very limited.
2nd kind then adopts the principle of negative pressure gas suction, under Chinese wolfberry fruit being inhaled by high pressure draft, medlar-picking machine disclosed in CN200910077547.0, CN201310091053.4 just belongs to this class machinery, such harvesting machine is difficult to when air pressure is low take fruit, and air pressure is too high, is easy to be damaged to fruit.
Along with the shortage of domestic manual labor, labor cost is high enterprise further, development picking efficiency high large automatic medlar-picking machine tool just become very exigence.
CN103430704A discloses a kind of full-automatic medlar-picking machine, by arrange on the body frame body of gate-shaped can the harvesting frame of lifting up and down, pluck frame be provided with distribute in matrix shape shake the bar that shakes, by shaking the swing of the bar that shakes, the fruit oscillation on branch is got off. Fruit is damaged low, efficiency height by this picking mechanical in recovery process, and can gather according to the mature condition of matrimony vine by stages. But this harvester is make to make the body frame body of tree body by gate-shaped in recovery process, is provided with longitudinal passage in bottom, and the channel distance of this longitudinal direction is wider, for collecting the fruit falling into passage,
One group of fruit collecting mechanism respectively it is provided with in the both sides of body frame body vertical passage bottom, this fruit collecting mechanism comprises longitudinal conveying belt and the cooperation of passage closer is collected, passage closer is that horizontal guide rod and longitudinal carrier form frame body, frame body can move along guiding mechanism, in actual motion, frame body moves integrally after running into tree, when particularly tree bar deviation body frame body vertical passage central position is more, just there will be bigger gap between two frame bodies of fruit collecting mechanism, cause a large amount of fruit to be missed.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is to provide a kind of medlar-picking machine that can better collect the fruit gathered, particularly a kind of large-scale medlar-picking machine automatically.
It is an object of the invention to be realized by following structure: comprise transmission rig, body frame body (3), pluck frame always to become, longitudinal translating device associated (16), transverse conveying mechanism (17), lifting mechanism (13) and collection box (12), its improvement is: longitudinal translating device associated (16) inner side is provided with passage closer (15), this passage closer (15), comprise some elastic supporting member for supporting optical member (15-1), this elastic supporting member for supporting optical member (15-1) is elastic rhabdos, the shape that is parallel to each other is arranged on body frame body (3), the door curtain made of cloth (15-2) of soft matter it is provided with between adjacent elastic supporting member for supporting optical member (15-1).
Above-mentioned elastic rhabdos is preferably spring, naturally it is also possible to be flexible analogue.
As improvement, the edge of the above-mentioned door curtain made of cloth (15-2) is preferably provided with tensioning boby (15-6).
Described tensioning boby (15-6) can be then one or more the mixing in spring, India-rubber strip or elastic tape or combination.
As further improvement, above-mentioned elastic supporting member for supporting optical member (15-1) is preferably connected on the swing bar (15-4) of an activity, this swing bar (15-4) is connected with body frame body (3) by bearing pin (15-5), described bearing pin (15-5) is arranged at and swings bar (15-4) middle part or end, relative with elastic supporting member for supporting optical member (15-1), it is provided with pull bar (15-7) at the other end swinging bar (15-4), hinged between pull bar (15-7) and swing bar (15-4).
In practical application, the present invention can be self-propelled, it is possible to is traction or suspension type.
Working process of the present invention is as follows: first risen by lifting support (10), body frame body (3) is advanced and is covered in by matrimony vine tree in the vertical passage of gate-shaped framework, then by lifting support (10) decline and rise, start Yao Zhen mechanism simultaneously and make to shake bar (5) generation vibration of shaking, upper for matrimony vine tree ripe matrimony vine tree is shaken off on the matrimony vine collecting mechanism of the both sides getting off to fall into body frame body (3) vertical passage bottom, by longitudinal translating device associated (16), matrimony vine is sent in collection box (12) by transverse conveying mechanism (17) and lifting mechanism (13), and longitudinal translating device associated (16) inner channel closer (15) is primarily of the door curtain made of cloth (15-2) composition of elastic supporting member for supporting optical member (15-1) and soft matter, when running into tree mobile jib, the door curtain made of cloth (15-2) only suffering from mobile jib is in recess, whole passage closer (15) is still in state of well closing, therefore the omission of fruit is reduced widely.
Through reality measuring and calculating, in operation of the present invention, fruit damage rate is not more than 5% summer, autumn be not more than 8%, net picking rate is more than 85%, and working efficiency can reach 1-3 ton/sky/platform, is equivalent to more than 30 times manually gathered.
Compared with existing technology, the present invention is uniformly distributed the full-automatic picking mechanism of jolting formula by multiple spot, substantially increase picking efficiency, medlar fresh fruit net picking rate height, and operation process only gathers in the crops mature fruit and immature fruit can not be caused damage, particularly can better the fruit gathered be collected in transfer mechanism, greatly reduce fruit and omit.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the embodiment of the present invention 1 structural representation.
Fig. 2 is the side-looking structural representation of Figure 1A A.
Fig. 3 is the side-looking structural representation of Figure 1B B.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation that Fig. 1 right side is looked.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation that embodiment 1 is overlooked.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention 2.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention 3.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention 4.
Shown in figure, 1 is grain lifter, 2 is four-bar mechanism, 3 is body frame body, 4 is slideway, 5 for shaking the bar that shakes, 6 is roller, 7 is limited block, 8 is reel cage, 9 is slide rail, 10 is lifting support, 11 for shaking the driving mechanism that shakes, 12 is collection box, 13 is lifting mechanism, 13-1 is conveying base band, 13-2 is silo, 13-3 is discharging deflector roll, 14 is hoisting appliance, 15-1 is elastic supporting member for supporting optical member, 15-2 is the door curtain made of cloth, 15-3 is pull bar, 15-4 is for swinging bar, 15-5 is bearing pin, 15-6 is tensioning boby, 15-7 is pull bar, 16 is longitudinal translating device associated, 16-1 is for collecting mouth, 17 is transverse conveying mechanism, 18 is power vehicle.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1:With reference to Fig. 1��Fig. 5, being the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention 1, the present embodiment is self-propelled, comprises power vehicle 18, transmission rig and body frame body 3, and the both sides of power vehicle 18 are respectively provided with one group of body frame body 3, it is possible to carry out two trees plucking operation simultaneously.
Described body frame body 3 is provided with the gate-shaped framework of vertical passage for bottom, and the front portion of the vertical passage of body frame body 3 is provided with grain lifter 1, is connected by a four-bar mechanism 2 between described grain lifter 1 and body frame body 3.
Body frame body 3 be provided with harvesting frame, this harvesting frame comprise one can up and down lifting lifting support 10, downward the shaking of finger-like that the bottom of lifting support 10 is provided with in matrix shape distribution is shaken bar 5, hoisting appliance 14 it is provided with between lifting support 10 and body frame body 3, the hoisting appliance 14 of the present embodiment is hydraulicefficiency elevation structure, and lifting support 10 is provided with position-limit mechanism simultaneously, and this position-limit mechanism is made up of 4 groups of slideways 4 and slide rail 9, slideway 4 is arranged on main frame frame 3, and slide rail 9 is arranged on lifting support 10.
You Yaozhen mechanism is set up in above-mentioned harvesting, this Yao Zhen mechanism comprises the reel cage 8 corresponding to lifting support 10, reel cage 8 is rectangle framework, reel cage 8 is provided with the hole shaking the corresponding distribution in matrix shape of the bar 5 that shakes with lifting support 10, the bar 5 that shakes that shakes of lifting support 10 is passed down through described hole, reel cage 8 is provided with and shakes the driving mechanism 11 that shakes, the shaking of the present embodiment shakes driving mechanism 11 for crank mechanism, comprise the wheel that is arranged on body frame body 3 crank, it is connected by a crank connecting rod between crank wheel and reel cage 8, reel cage 8 is provided with position-limit mechanism, this position-limit mechanism by organizing roller 6 and limited block 7 forms more, described roller 6 is arranged on main frame frame 3, limited block 7 is arranged on reel cage 8, the relation being similar to track is formed between described roller 6 and limited block 7.
The both sides of body frame body 3 vertical passage bottom are respectively provided with one group of matrimony vine collecting mechanism, described matrimony vine collecting mechanism comprises longitudinal translating device associated 16, described longitudinal translating device associated 16 is conveying belt, longitudinal translating device associated 16 top is provided with up big and down small contraction-like collection mouth 16-1, passage closer 15 it is provided with inside longitudinal translating device associated 16, this passage closer 15, comprise some elastic supporting member for supporting optical member 15-1, this elastic supporting member for supporting optical member 15-1 is spring, the shape that is parallel to each other is arranged on body frame body 3, the door curtain made of cloth 15-2 of soft matter it is provided with between adjacent elastic supporting member for supporting optical member 15-1, the edge of door curtain made of cloth 15-2 is provided with tensioning boby 15-6, tensioning boby 15-6 described in the present embodiment is elastic tape, described elastic supporting member for supporting optical member 15-1 is connected on the swing bar 15-4 of an activity, this swing bar 15-4 is connected with body frame body 3 by bearing pin 15-5, described bearing pin 15-5 is arranged at and swings in the middle part of bar 15-4 or end, relative with elastic supporting member for supporting optical member 15-1, it is provided with pull bar 15-7 at the other end swinging bar 15-4, pull bar 15-7 and swing between bar 15-4 hinged.
Transverse conveying mechanism 17, lifting mechanism 13 and collection box 12 it is provided with successively after longitudinal translating device associated 16. Transverse conveying mechanism 17 is conveying belt, lifting mechanism 13 is bucket conveyor structure, comprise conveying base band 13-1, conveying base band 13-1 is provided with silo 13-2, the top of lifting mechanism 13 is provided with discharging deflector roll 13-3, and this discharging deflector roll 13-3 is a roll body, and roll body is provided with star-shaped guide plate in one week, conveying base band 13-1 can be made to bend, and then make silo 13-2 overturn and pour out material.
Embodiment 2:With reference to Fig. 6, for the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention 2, compared with embodiment 1, the key distinction of the present embodiment is: described passage closer 15 is made up of the door curtain made of cloth 15-2 of soft matter between elastic supporting member for supporting optical member 15-1 and described elastic supporting member for supporting optical member 15-1, and the edge of door curtain made of cloth 15-2 is provided with tensioning boby 15-6.
Embodiment 3:With reference to Fig. 6, being the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention 3, compared with embodiment 2, the key distinction of the present embodiment is: described roller 6 is arranged on reel cage 8, and limited block 7 is arranged on main frame frame 3.
Embodiment 4:With reference to Fig. 7, for the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention 4, compared with embodiment 3, the key distinction of the present embodiment is: described lifting mechanism 13 is conveying belt, its front end connects with transverse conveying mechanism 17 tail end, is then inclined upwardly backward and leads to collection box 12.
Certainly; above-mentioned elastic supporting member for supporting optical member 15-1 can also be flexible rhabdos or similar elastomeric objects; the tensioning boby 15-6 at the edge of described door curtain made of cloth 15-2 can also be one or more the mixing in spring, India-rubber strip or elastic tape or combination; certainly can also be other similar elastomerics; no longer citing repeats, also all within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. a full-automatic medlar-picking machine, it is characterized in that: comprise transmission rig, body frame body (3), pluck frame always to become, longitudinal translating device associated (16), transverse conveying mechanism (17), lifting mechanism (13) and collection box (12), its improvement is: longitudinal translating device associated (16) inner side is provided with passage closer (15), this passage closer (15), comprise some elastic supporting member for supporting optical member (15-1), this elastic supporting member for supporting optical member (15-1) is elastic rhabdos, the shape that is parallel to each other is arranged on body frame body (3), the door curtain made of cloth (15-2) of soft matter it is provided with between adjacent elastic supporting member for supporting optical member (15-1),
Described elastic supporting member for supporting optical member (15-1) is connected on one end of swing bar (15-4) of an activity, it is provided with pull bar (15-7) at the other end swinging bar (15-4), pull bar (15-7) and swing between bar (15-4) hinged, described swing bar (15-4) is connected with body frame body (3) by bearing pin (15-5), and described bearing pin (15-5) is arranged at the middle part swinging bar (15-4) or the end being provided with elastic supporting member for supporting optical member (15-1).
2. full-automatic medlar-picking machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the edge of the described door curtain made of cloth (15-2) is provided with tensioning boby (15-6).
3. the full-automatic medlar-picking machine of one according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: described tensioning boby (15-6) is then one or more the combination in spring, India-rubber strip or elastic tape.
4. a kind of full-automatic medlar-picking machine according to claim 1,2 or 3, it is characterised in that: described elastic rhabdos is spring.
CN201410348149.9A 2014-07-21 2014-07-21 Full-automatic medlar-picking machine Expired - Fee Related CN104160829B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111771536B (en) * 2020-07-28 2021-11-30 杭州电子科技大学 Tea tender bud picking machine and method
CN114051830B (en) * 2022-01-12 2022-04-19 兰州兰石集团兰驼农业装备有限公司 Closer for medlar picking machine

Citations (7)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4573310A (en) * 1984-11-13 1986-03-04 Friedel Bernard G Horticultural aid
SU1271432A1 (en) * 1985-07-17 1986-11-23 Научно-исследовательский зональный институт садоводства Нечерноземной полосы Catching device
IL72903A (en) * 1984-05-04 1987-12-31 Tyros James Charles Olive picker with speed control and selected picker dimensions
CN201805727U (en) * 2010-09-13 2011-04-27 南通市广益机电有限责任公司 Fruit picking machine
CN103039199A (en) * 2013-01-09 2013-04-17 陕西科技大学 Portable walnut picker
CN103430704A (en) * 2013-07-22 2013-12-11 刘文海 Chinese wolfberry picking machine
CN203934353U (en) * 2014-07-21 2014-11-12 刘文海 Full-automatic medlar-picking machine

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7748205B2 (en) * 2008-08-28 2010-07-06 Maa, Llc Harvesting machine and method of harvesting pomegranates and citrus

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
IL72903A (en) * 1984-05-04 1987-12-31 Tyros James Charles Olive picker with speed control and selected picker dimensions
US4573310A (en) * 1984-11-13 1986-03-04 Friedel Bernard G Horticultural aid
SU1271432A1 (en) * 1985-07-17 1986-11-23 Научно-исследовательский зональный институт садоводства Нечерноземной полосы Catching device
CN201805727U (en) * 2010-09-13 2011-04-27 南通市广益机电有限责任公司 Fruit picking machine
CN103039199A (en) * 2013-01-09 2013-04-17 陕西科技大学 Portable walnut picker
CN103430704A (en) * 2013-07-22 2013-12-11 刘文海 Chinese wolfberry picking machine
CN203934353U (en) * 2014-07-21 2014-11-12 刘文海 Full-automatic medlar-picking machine

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