CN104103153B - Flood prevention rainwater information automatic monitoring central system and monitoring method thereof - Google Patents

Flood prevention rainwater information automatic monitoring central system and monitoring method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104103153B
CN104103153B CN201410310125.4A CN201410310125A CN104103153B CN 104103153 B CN104103153 B CN 104103153B CN 201410310125 A CN201410310125 A CN 201410310125A CN 104103153 B CN104103153 B CN 104103153B
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data
warning
branch center
control centre
mobile terminal
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CN104103153A (en
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徐苹
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QINGDAO R & D INSTITUTE, XI'AN JIAOTONG UNIVERSITY
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QINGDAO R & D INSTITUTE XI'AN JIAOTONG UNIVERSITY
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection, e.g. against extreme weather

Abstract

The invention relates to a flood prevention rainwater information automatic monitoring central system and monitoring method thereof. The flood prevention rainwater information automatic monitoring central system includes a dispatching center, dispatching branch centers, a communication network, a cloud computing terminal, a mobile terminal and a rainwater information automatic monitoring station; the dispatching center is in communication connection with one or more dispatching branch centers through a communication network; the one or more dispatching branch centers are in communication connection with the mobile terminal and the rainwater information automatic monitoring station respectively through the communication network; the one or more dispatching branch centers are in communication connection with each other through the communication network; and the cloud computing terminal is in communication connection with the dispatching center, the dispatching branch centers, the mobile terminal and the rainwater information automatic monitoring station respectively through the communication network; and the dispatching center or the dispatching branch center includes a server, a computer, an alarm short message sending device, a firewall, a display device and an internal network. The flood prevention rainwater information automatic monitoring central system and monitoring method thereof are advantageous in structural and functional diversification, shared and integrated application of information, unattended operation, simple structure, low cost, high sensitivity, strong adaptability to environment, centralized display operation and convenient query control.

Description

A kind of flood control rainwater feelings automatic monitoring center system and its monitoring method
Technical field
The present invention relates to flood control rain water regime monitoring field, particularly to a kind of flood control rainwater feelings automatic monitoring center system and Its monitoring method.
Background technology
21st century is informationization, networking, digitized, the new century of intelligent fast development.Worldwide new The tide of technological revolution and economic globalization makes various countries stand on the same starting line again, common in the face of new opportunity to develop and Challenge.The trend, tendency of " digital city " exactly this strand of tide, the theory of research and construction digital city and strategy undoubtedly have reality meaning Justice and learning value, have great importance to abundant digital city Construction Theory, to abundant and Information of Development system theory There is innovative value.Flood control command digital Construction, is to promote one of most important content of urban informationization.With China's economy The continuous development built, communication, computer, network and digital information technology with rapid changepl. never-ending changes and improvements, the whole society is to rain Hydrologic Information Demand more and more higher, rainwater feelings information gathering, transmission, processing mode there occurs fundamental change, and fast with economic society Speed development and the increasingly increase of the wealth of society, the casualty loss caused by the flood of identical scale and storm tide may be increasingly Greatly, the requirement more and more higher to the flood control forecast of flood control forecasting and warning facility and the work such as dispatching and command system flood management.
Flood season river course, reservoir, the safety problem of dyke, also always flood prevention management department major issue of concern, with When city water resource is monitored and manages, city water resource can be carried out reasonably using and manage, in order to strengthen river Road, reservoir, the security control of dyke and rational using and management water resource, need to set up that a set of " flood control rainwater feelings are automatic Monitoring center's system and its monitoring method, " real-time monitoring is carried out to rain Hydrologic Information, provide accurately, timely for Flood prevention and fighting against natural disasters Data message, forms fairly perfect monitory Metwork, simultaneously with GIS, computer network, communication technology and automatic monitoring Build based on technology and complete city water resource integration information management platform, build Water Management System framework.But, mesh The front automatic monitoring center of flood control rainwater feelings of the prior art system structure single function, lacks and field apparatus is remotely controlled System and the effective means of device status monitoring, only possess simple data acquisition and sending function, and need people on duty;Lack Unified data communication protocol and shared platform, cannot realize between the remote system of numeral of different regions information sharing and integrated should With the waste that repeated construction causes is serious;System is subject to such environmental effects larger, in the case of environmental condition mutation, system Cannot be continuing with, bad adaptability.The realization of the present invention, it will more optimally go to configure every natural capital, social capital And political benefits, thus reach save resources energetically, improve whole efficiency, promote economic development, promote social progress, improve life The basic demand of state quality, the target of strategy of sustainable development defined is greatly pushed forward.
Content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to overcoming the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of structure function variation, information can be total to Enjoy with integrated application, without people on duty, structure is simple, with low cost, sensitivity is high, strong to environmental suitability and can collect The flood control rainwater feelings automatic monitoring center system of middle operation display and convenient inquiry control and its monitoring method.
Flood control rainwater feelings automatic monitoring center system and its command centre digital intellectualization are built it is necessary to geography information system System, alignment system, video frequency monitoring system and wireless communication technique, add various intellectualized sensors, in conjunction with the reality in planning Hydrology network (including river course, sewer, hydrops point etc.) and the hydrology network of future development.Under the overall planning of system, By various places river course, reservoir, the real time water level of dyke, rainfall etc., realize unattended automatic information gathering, information processing, Feedback of the information and Optimal Decision-making form a super-sensitive flood control rainwater feelings automatic monitoring center system.
The construction of flood control rainwater feelings automatic monitoring center system, including live water level, rain condition information collecting device and prison Control central information receives and display, the construction of application system.Live measuring point information gathering and transmission equipment complete water level, rainfall The Real-time Collection of information, fundamental analysis process (as the state of alert) and display, and are responsible for data with wireless or wired side Formula is transferred to Surveillance center, carries out receiving by software, shows and the storage of data, analysis, process and early warning.
The invention provides a kind of flood control rainwater feelings automatic monitoring center system, including control centre, dispatch branch center, lead to News network, cloud computing end, mobile terminal and rainwater feelings automatic monitor station;Wherein control centre passes through communication network and one or many The communication of individual scheduling branch center connects, one or more scheduling branch centers pass through communication network respectively with mobile terminal and rainwater feelings from The communication of dynamic monitoring station connects, and communicates connection each other also by communication network;Cloud computing end pass through communication network respectively with tune Degree center, scheduling branch center, mobile terminal and the communication of rainwater feelings automatic monitor station connect;
Control centre or scheduling branch center include server, computer, alarming short message dispensing device, fire wall, display dress Put and internal network;Wherein server, computer, alarming short message dispensing device, fire wall, display device pass through internal network with Wireless and/or wired mode communicates connection.
Control centre or scheduling branch center also include printer, facsimile machine, router and switch, wherein printer, pass Prototype, router and switch are by internal network to communicate connection by way of wireless and/or wired.
System adopts client/server (C/S) structural modelss, or system adopts browser/server (B/S) structure mould Formula, or the knot that system is combined using client/server (C/S) structural modelss and browser/server (B/S) structural modelss Structure pattern.
Display device supports multihead display, can show multiple figure layers, the plurality of figure layer possesses hyperlink connection function, and Allow hand between the plurality of figure layer.
Flood control map, monitoring point hydrographic information are simultaneously displayed in display device, monitoring point live real-time video image and/ Or scene photograph simultaneously appears in display device, each image on the display apparatus can arbitrarily adjustment position, amplify, reduce And roam operation.
Communication network is wireless communication networks and/or wire communication network.
Wire communication network be optical fiber communication network, wireless communication networks be one of 4G, 3G and 2G or more than one Combination.
Cloud computing end receives and stores, analytical calculation is derived from control centre, dispatches branch center, mobile terminal and/or rainwater The data of feelings automatic monitor station, can retrieve, check, download and/or program request for monitoring personnel.
Alarming short message dispensing device is opened in equipment fault, water level alarm state change, rainfall state change and/or terminal When door change abnormal, actively send the short breath of warning and notify.
Rainwater feelings automatic monitor station includes rain hydrology monitor terminal, rainwater feelings measurement sensor, video equipment, switch, Optical transmitter and receiver;Wherein rainwater feelings measurement sensor and video equipment are connected with rain hydrology monitor terminal respectively by communication network, and/ Or rainwater feelings measurement sensor is connected with rain hydrology monitor terminal by communication network, video equipment and rain hydrology monitor terminal lead to Cross communication network and connect switch respectively, switch is connected with optical transmitter and receiver by communication network.
Rainwater feelings measurement sensor be water-level gauge, rain gage bucket, current meter, thermometer, hygroscopic one or more.
Present invention also offers a kind of automatic monitoring method of utilization flood control rainwater feelings automatic monitoring center system, including such as Lower step:
(1) control centre and/or scheduling branch center centralized displaying flood control map, monitoring point hydrographic information be simultaneously displayed on aobvious On showing device, monitoring point live real-time video image and/or scene photograph simultaneously appear in display device, and each image is aobvious On showing device can arbitrarily adjustment position, amplify, reduce and roam operation;
(2) monitoring and scheduling personnel access system by using client, are operated;Or other non-supervised dispatchers Directly access system using browser, operated;
(3) using the water level in rainwater feelings measurement sensor collection rainwater feelings region, rainfall, flow velocity, temperature, one kind of humidity Or more than one, gathered data is uploaded to rain hydrology monitor terminal;
(4) video equipment collection video image and/or scene photograph, and it is uploaded to rain hydrology monitor terminal;
(5) judge whether receiving data exceeds threshold value of warning, if exceeding threshold value of warning, and alarm;If it did not, Then complete to monitor.
Wherein, the concretely comprising the following steps of described step (5):
(5.1) rain hydrology monitor terminal analysis judges whether to receive gathered data and the step that above-mentioned steps (3) upload (4) video image uploading and/or scene photograph, if received, enter step (5.2), otherwise return to step (1);
(5.2) rain hydrology monitor terminal judges gathered data that above-mentioned steps (3) upload and the video figure that step (4) uploads Whether picture and/or scene photograph receive completely, if receiving complete, enter step (5.3), otherwise return to step (1);
(5.3) rain hydrology monitor terminal uploads complete receiving data to scheduling branch center and cloud computing end simultaneously;
(5.4) scheduling branch center and the complete receiving data that receives step (5.3) respectively of cloud computing end are deposited respectively Storage is in scheduling branch center memorizer and cloud computing end memorizer;
(5.5) dispatching branch center analytical calculation receiving data, judging whether receiving data exceeds threshold value of warning, if exceeded Threshold value of warning, then and alarm, and warning message is sent to mobile terminal and control centre, wait mobile terminal to be received and Control centre receives the confirmation feedback information of data, without receiving feedback information, then repeats to send warning message until connecing Receive mobile terminal and control centre receives the confirmation feedback information of data;Without beyond threshold value of warning, then enter step (5.6);
(5.6) cloud computing end analytical calculation receiving data, judges whether receiving data exceeds threshold value of warning, if beyond pre- Alert threshold value, then and alarm, and warning message is sent to mobile terminal, scheduling branch center and control centre, waits to be received Mobile terminal, scheduling branch center and control centre receive the confirmation feedback information of data, without receiving feedback information, then weigh Recur the confirmation feedback information that alarming information of delivering newspaper receives data until receiving mobile terminal, scheduling branch center and control centre; Without beyond threshold value of warning, then enter step (5.7);
(5.7) scheduling branch center and cloud computing end will be stored in dispatching in branch center memorizer and cloud computing end memorizer Receiving data is uploaded to control centre respectively, and the receiving data being respectively received is stored control centre's memorizer by control centre In;
(5.8) whether with the scheduling branch center receiving data that respectively upload consistent for control centre if comparing cloud computing end, if Inconsistent, then the receiving data that analytical calculation cloud computing end uploads respectively with scheduling branch center respectively, judge receiving data respectively Whether exceed threshold value of warning, if one of and more than one exceed threshold value of warning, and alarm, and by warning message It is sent to mobile terminal and scheduling branch center, wait standby communication terminal and scheduling branch center to receive the confirmation feedback information of data, such as Fruit does not receive feedback information, then repeat transmission warning message and receive data until receiving mobile terminal and scheduling branch center Confirm feedback information;If all without departing from threshold value of warning, return to step (1) is monitored again;If consistent, complete to supervise Survey.
The flood control rainwater feelings automatic monitoring center system of the present invention, can also realize:
1) realize carrying out real-time collection to river course rain Hydrologic Information, and scene can be carried out taking pictures shooting, and early warning is logical Know, the high efficiency of safeguards system information, promptness, accuracy, adequacy.
2) all monitoring stations data is directly transferred to Surveillance center by way of wireless or wired, can in electronic chart Each measuring point rain Hydrologic Information and the state of alert is intuitively shown depending on changing in interface;When occurring to report to the police, system can send warning automatically Signal, such as:System ejects information, sends auditory tone cueses, and sends warning short breath notice to relevant departments designated person.
3) flood control rainwater feelings automatic monitoring center system with advanced practical, reliable and stable as principle, and possess good extension Property, compatible and open, for the system later stage extension upgrading, to other related platform systems with data shared services provide rule Plasticity interface.
4) data can be stored concurrently in control centre, scheduling branch center and cloud computing end, and data backup number is more, more Secure, and make use of the big memory capacity in cloud computing end, superior operational capability and wider array of data network, systemic-function More powerful, a system part breaks down, and systematic influence is diminished, and system can be with normal operation.
5) selection of wireless network and cable network is using it is ensured that when a certain communication network occurs in that fault, Ling Yitong News network can continue communication and use, and system being capable of normal operation;Further, when two kinds of networks use simultaneously, data passes Defeated more lean on property, two kinds of data can also mutually compare reference, and data validity is higher;
6) traditional wireless network transmissions data ageing poor it is impossible to quick real-time transmission video signal, 4G network Use can be quick and smooth transmission video signal, ageing higher.
7) system centralized operation can show and facilitate inquiry to control, client/server (C/S) structural modelss and browsing Being used singly or in combination of device/server (B/S) structural modelss enables the system to convenient control property operation, and many Additionally it is possible to the operation of control property be selected with multipath, more while the operation of sample and controlling soil moist improve by the safety of system Intelligence variation.
Brief description
The structure chart of Fig. 1 flood control rainwater feelings automatic monitoring center system
Specific embodiment
The invention provides a kind of flood control rainwater feelings automatic monitoring center system, including control centre, dispatch branch center, lead to News network, cloud computing end, mobile terminal and rainwater feelings automatic monitor station;Wherein control centre passes through communication network and one or many The communication of individual scheduling branch center connects, one or more scheduling branch centers pass through communication network respectively with mobile terminal and rainwater feelings from The communication of dynamic monitoring station connects, and communicates connection each other also by communication network;Cloud computing end pass through communication network respectively with tune Degree center, scheduling branch center, mobile terminal and the communication of rainwater feelings automatic monitor station connect;
Control centre or scheduling branch center include server 1, computer, alarming short message dispensing device, fire wall, display dress Put and internal network;Wherein server, computer, alarming short message dispensing device, fire wall, display device pass through internal network with Wireless and/or wired mode communicates connection.
Control centre or scheduling branch center also include printer, facsimile machine, router and switch, wherein printer, pass Prototype, router and switch are by internal network to communicate connection by way of wireless and/or wired.
System adopts client/server (C/S) structural modelss, or system adopts browser/server (B/S) structure mould Formula, or the knot that system is combined using client/server (C/S) structural modelss and browser/server (B/S) structural modelss Structure pattern.
Display device supports multihead display, can show multiple figure layers, the plurality of figure layer possesses hyperlink connection function, and Allow hand between the plurality of figure layer.
Flood control map, monitoring point hydrographic information are simultaneously displayed in display device, monitoring point live real-time video image and/ Or scene photograph simultaneously appears in display device, each image on the display apparatus can arbitrarily adjustment position, amplify, reduce And roam operation.
Communication network is wireless communication networks and/or wire communication network.
Wire communication network be optical fiber communication network, wireless communication networks be one of 4G, 3G and 2G or more than one Combination.
Cloud computing end receives and stores, analytical calculation is derived from control centre, dispatches branch center, mobile terminal and/or rainwater The data of feelings automatic monitor station, can retrieve, check, download and/or program request for monitoring personnel.
Alarming short message dispensing device is opened in equipment fault, water level alarm state change, rainfall state change and/or terminal When door change abnormal, actively send the short breath of warning and notify.
Rainwater feelings automatic monitor station includes rain hydrology monitor terminal, rainwater feelings measurement sensor, video equipment, switch, Optical transmitter and receiver;Wherein rainwater feelings measurement sensor and video equipment are connected with rain hydrology monitor terminal respectively by communication network, and/ Or rainwater feelings measurement sensor is connected with rain hydrology monitor terminal by communication network, video equipment and rain hydrology monitor terminal lead to Cross communication network and connect switch respectively, switch is connected with optical transmitter and receiver by communication network.
Rainwater feelings measurement sensor be water-level gauge, rain gage bucket, current meter, thermometer, hygroscopic one or more.
Present invention also offers a kind of automatic monitoring method of utilization flood control rainwater feelings automatic monitoring center system, including such as Lower step:
(1) control centre and/or scheduling branch center centralized displaying flood control map, monitoring point hydrographic information be simultaneously displayed on aobvious On showing device, monitoring point live real-time video image and/or scene photograph simultaneously appear in display device, and each image is aobvious On showing device can arbitrarily adjustment position, amplify, reduce and roam operation;
(2) monitoring and scheduling personnel access system by using client, are operated;Or other non-supervised dispatchers Directly access system using browser, operated;
(3) using the water level in rainwater feelings measurement sensor collection rainwater feelings region, rainfall, flow velocity, temperature, one kind of humidity Or more than one, gathered data is uploaded to rain hydrology monitor terminal;
(4) video equipment collection video image and/or scene photograph, and it is uploaded to rain hydrology monitor terminal;
(5) judge whether receiving data exceeds threshold value of warning, if exceeding threshold value of warning, and alarm;If it did not, Then complete to monitor.
Wherein, the concretely comprising the following steps of described step (5):
(5.1) rain hydrology monitor terminal analysis judges whether to receive gathered data and the step that above-mentioned steps (3) upload (4) video image uploading and/or scene photograph, if received, enter step (5.2), otherwise return to step (1);
(5.2) rain hydrology monitor terminal judges gathered data that above-mentioned steps (3) upload and the video figure that step (4) uploads Whether picture and/or scene photograph receive completely, if receiving complete, enter step (5.3), otherwise return to step (1);
(5.3) rain hydrology monitor terminal uploads complete receiving data to scheduling branch center and cloud computing end simultaneously;
(5.4) scheduling branch center and the complete receiving data that receives step (5.3) respectively of cloud computing end are deposited respectively Storage is in scheduling branch center memorizer and cloud computing end memorizer;
(5.5) dispatching branch center analytical calculation receiving data, judging whether receiving data exceeds threshold value of warning, if exceeded Threshold value of warning, then and alarm, and warning message is sent to mobile terminal and control centre, wait mobile terminal to be received and Control centre receives the confirmation feedback information of data, without receiving feedback information, then repeats to send warning message until connecing Receive mobile terminal and control centre receives the confirmation feedback information of data;Without beyond threshold value of warning, then enter step (5.6);
(5.6) cloud computing end analytical calculation receiving data, judges whether receiving data exceeds threshold value of warning, if beyond pre- Alert threshold value, then and alarm, and warning message is sent to mobile terminal, scheduling branch center and control centre, waits to be received Mobile terminal, scheduling branch center and control centre receive the confirmation feedback information of data, without receiving feedback information, then weigh Recur the confirmation feedback information that alarming information of delivering newspaper receives data until receiving mobile terminal, scheduling branch center and control centre; Without beyond threshold value of warning, then enter step (5.7);
(5.7) scheduling branch center and cloud computing end will be stored in dispatching in branch center memorizer and cloud computing end memorizer Receiving data is uploaded to control centre respectively, and the receiving data being respectively received is stored control centre's memorizer by control centre In;
(5.8) whether with the scheduling branch center receiving data that respectively upload consistent for control centre if comparing cloud computing end, if Inconsistent, then the receiving data that analytical calculation cloud computing end uploads respectively with scheduling branch center respectively, judge receiving data respectively Whether exceed threshold value of warning, if one of and more than one exceed threshold value of warning, and alarm, and by warning message It is sent to mobile terminal and scheduling branch center, wait standby communication terminal and scheduling branch center to receive the confirmation feedback information of data, such as Fruit does not receive feedback information, then repeat transmission warning message and receive data until receiving mobile terminal and scheduling branch center Confirm feedback information;If all without departing from threshold value of warning, return to step (1) is monitored again;If consistent, complete to supervise Survey.
Data transfer
Wireless transmission terminal and wire transmission terminal can be made according to field condition:
1) wire transmission terminal:Support RJ45 interface or 485 interfaces;
2) wireless transmission terminal:By wireless network transmissions data, terminal has online for a long time, instant messaging feature, eventually End can simultaneously with least 1~4 center to center communications.
Water level, rainfall information gathering:
1) information such as Real-time Collection water level value, water-level gauge fault (switching) state, and water-level gauge range setting can be carried out;
2) Real-time Collection rainfall intensity, hour rainfall, daily rainfall, field rainfall information, and pluviometer resolution can be set The relevant informations such as rate.
Water level alarm is reported to the police
Support to arrange multistage water level threshold, support water position status change active reporting warning information, ensure information Instantaneity, high efficiency.
Rain condition early warning
Support to arrange multistage raininess grade threshold, status of support changes active reporting warning information, ensure information Instantaneity, high efficiency.
Camera function
1) regularly take pictures plus warning is taken pictures and deposited;
2) when water level alarm is reported to the police, terminal is taken pictures to scene automatically, and photo is transmitted to centring system;
3) timing photo opporunity interval, terminal automatic camera can be set, and photo is transmitted to centring system.
Transmission of video images function
Installing web camera can be by continuous transmission of video images to center by fiber optic network.
Support active reporting (regularly reporting, reporting to the police reports)+systems soft ware inquiry:
1) active reporting:Active reporting include timing report, alert active reporting, refer to monitoring point detection and control terminal active to Center sends measuring point data or photo;
2) systems soft ware is inquired:Remote measurement includes timing and calls survey together, immediately calls survey together, refers to that monitoring system transmitting order to lower levels calls survey together Monitoring point waterlevel data or take pictures.
Historical record storage, data power down are not lost, clock keeps function
Remote operation and maintenance:Arrange parameter, call together survey data, take pictures:
1) remotely set ginseng:Detection and control terminal supports remotely located detection and control terminal parameter.Support remotely located water level parameters (bag Include:Water-level gauge range, water level alarm line value etc.);
2) remote measurement, remote photographic:Detection and control terminal is supported remote measurement current level monitoring information or is taken pictures.
Lightning protection function
Detection and control terminal all input and output leads (as power line, sensor lead, order wire etc.) are all taken multistage every From, absorb measure, to greatest extent avoid thunderbolt etc. the destruction to controller for the overvoltage overcurrent.
The technical characterstic of rain hydrology monitor terminal:
(1) suitable environment:
Running voltage:DC10-30V
Temperature range:- 25~+70 DEG C
Humidity range:Relative humidity≤90%, no condensation≤95%
Working environment:No electro-conductive dust, non-explosive, corrosive gas, no fierce vibrations, no liquid splash.
(2) communication interface (RS232/485):
Interface type:There is RJ45 interface, serial RS232/RS485 is optional.
Serial ports speed:300~19200bit/S
Data form:8 data bit;1 stop position;1 start bit;No parity check/odd/even parity check can set.
(3) quantity of state (switching value) input circuit:
Input signal types:Input as uncharged open/close double-throw contact
Certainty of measurement:0.01%
(4) analog input loop:
Input signal types:1. 4~20mA current signal 2. 0~5V voltage signal
Sample frequency:50Hz
The most very much not damage input range:
Input current:- 20~+30mA;
Input voltage:- 0.5~+7V
Certainty of measurement:± 0.5%
Water-level gauge:
Measurement reservoir level typically adopts ultrasonic level gage, non-cpntact measurement, is not subject to water pollution, does not destroy water knot Structure;
Directly hang and be arranged on the water surface, be not subject to Lidar Equation;
It is not required to build well logging, save construction investment;
Flange or threaded, easy for installation;
Liquid crystal display, convenient debugging and maintenance.
(2) important technological parameters
Power supply:24VDC signal output:4~20mA
Range:1、3、5、7、10、12、15、17、20m
Transmitting full-shape:6 °~9 °
Precision:0.25~0.5%FS
Display:6 LCD liquid crystal displays, prevent lid waterborne using visual type
Mode of operation:Measurement distance and measurement liquid level pattern are convertible
Liquid level pattern:Divide ' setting height(from bottom) ' pattern or ' current level ' pattern, optional
Current tracking:' abnormal i.e. with ' pattern or ' abnormal wait ' pattern, menu is optional
Blind area:0.25~0.90m (size of blind area and range capability are directly proportional)
Resolving power:During measurement distance < 10m → 1mm;During measurement distance >=10m → 10mm
Degree of protection:Ip66.
Ambient temperature:- 25~+65 DEG C
Overall dimensions:255 (high) × 145 are (wide) to enter the end of a thread × 138 (deep) without waterproof
Installation form:Perforate nut is installed or is installed flange (non-standard configuration) additional
Rib-loop specification:Thread size G2 perforate G2+3mm
Sheathing material:High intensity engineering nylon, (professional anti-corrosion type is polytetrafluoroethylene)
Industrial camera:
Picture format:Colored VGA (640*320), colored CIF (352*288) can be selected
Power supply:Direct current 5V, maximum 0.25A
Serial ports speed:300~19200bit/S
Data form:8 data bit;1 stop position;1 start bit;No parity check/odd/even parity check can set.
Operating ambient temperature:- 25 DEG C~+60 DEG C
Video camera:
Recommend infrared waterproof gun shaped video camera it is adaptable to moister environment, select day and night type, no matter daytime is black Live video image can be clearly transferred to center by night.
Zero adopts TI DAVINCI high-performance processor;
Zero using H.264 Video coding, super clear image, realistic colour reduction degree;
Zero is multiple functional:Heart beating, warning;
Zero support multi-user management, exempts from domain name access;
Zero infrared apart from 60M;
Zero supports the intellectual analysis such as mobile video detection, can trigger video recording and warning function as needed;
Zero supports the remote maintenance functions such as Remote configuration, remote upgrade, fault detect, automatic searching;
Zero network function:Support complete ICP/IP protocol family, support video, warning, speech data, built-in WEB service Device, supports that IE accesses;
Zero supports network centralized management, and Streaming Media manages, locally stored;Integrated network storage agreement stably supports that network is hard Disk function;
System adopts client/server (C/S) structural modelss, or system adopts browser/server (B/S) structure mould Formula, or the knot that system is combined using client/server (C/S) structural modelss and browser/server (B/S) structural modelss Structure pattern.
1) tidal data recovering processes and can adopt C/S architecture with application systems such as front-end control.
2) monitoring and scheduling librarian use client accesses system and completes all operations, can adopt C/S architecture.Other Non-supervised class librarian use browser access system completes all operations, can adopt B/S architecture.
Client/server (Client/Server, abbreviation C/S) structural modelss have stronger interactive, are particularly conducive to The maintenance of system and the realization of sophisticated functions, can carry out various operations to information, can meet not under high speed network environment Needs with user.
Browser/server (Browser/Server, abbreviation B/S) structural modelss have good extendibility, to client End does not have any particular/special requirement, and number of users is not also limited, and only need to support network and have browser function.B/S mould Only in server set up applications, client is not necessary to installation procedure to formula, directly can be used using IE or other browsers, repair Change application program only relevant with server, client does not make any changes, simple to operate, easy to maintenance.
◆ support by modes such as wireless network, short message, fiber optic networks with scene terminal communication simultaneously.
◆ support that browser, client logging in network (the Internet, LAN) access system.
System adopts Web technology, and LAN subscriber can be accessed by Intranet, and wan user can access system by public network System, enters appropriate level management system after authenticated user entities name and password, carries out associative operation and management.
◆ map visualization interface display
1) main interface, with basin measuring point scattergram of opening the navigation or air flight as background, intuitively shows each point position situation, rainwater feelings respectively Information and the state of alert, and represent the state of alert with various different colours.
2) management personnel can control the position of measuring point by mouse drag.
3) measuring point is selected can be directly entered measuring point details display interface by mouse, content includes:Measuring point basic Information and up-to-date Monitoring Data (information such as water level, rainfall, the rainwater feelings state of alert, last photo, curves of water level) show Show, immediately call survey together, control camera function.
◆ system support timing active reporting+event alarm active reporting+timing inquiry+immediately call survey together
Active reporting includes timing active reporting and warning active reporting;
Timing active reporting refers to that detection and control terminal periodically reports Monitoring Data by specified time interval;
Warning active reporting refers to live exceptional state alarm, such as:Equipment fault, water level alarm state change, rainfall State, terminal enabling etc.;
Host computer inquiry includes timing inquiry and immediately calls survey together;
Timing inquiry refers to that timing issues acquisition, collection site all measuring points information, and collection clock reference unification is Computer clock is it is ensured that data synchronism;
Immediately call survey together and refer to user when needed, by transmitting order to lower levels, monitoring point current data is specified in collection.
◆ system supports that remotely located scene measuring point water level alarm line value, raininess grade are reported to the police, and supports to receive water level report Alarming information, ejects alarm message reminding, auditory tone cueses, and sends warning short breath notice to relevant departments designated person.
1) system ejects prompt messages after receiving warning message, and carries out audible alarm, management personnel's confirmation letter After breath, up-to-date scene photograph can be directly viewable, show current live state.
2) system can set multiple alarming short message recipients respectively for each measuring point, after receiving warning message, the One time sent early warning information to it.
◆ modularized design, main inclusion SIM system information management module, measuring point information management module, real time on-line monitoring mould The functional modules such as block, history management module, form tracing analysiss module, log management module.
SIM system information management module includes user management module and authority management module, possesses empowerment management, privacy protection Function, authorizes the different rank of different operators and operation management authority, all departments, other management personnel at different levels can pass through net Network access information management carries out relevant information inquiry, management.System manager can be by this module to system user information, power Limit is managed.
Measuring point information management includes measuring point information management module and short breath notifies management module, to measuring point fabricating yard information And detection and control terminal information, rain Hydrologic Information, the management of camera information.
Real time on-line monitoring module include information list display module, single measuring point display the details of module, " immediately call together survey, Photo module, " remotely set moduli block, show each monitoring point latest data:
1) real time data:The essential information of display monitoring point, up-to-date rain hydrologic regime data and state, and warned by color marking Ring state.
2) details:The essential information of measuring point and up-to-date Monitoring Data show, immediately call survey together.
3) immediately call survey together, control and take pictures:Issued by software and call survey order together, long-range reading specifies monitoring point current data.
4) remotely set ginseng:Remotely located water level alarm line value, rain condition grade alarming value
History management module includes monitoring record management module and alarm logging management, can press measuring point, time period etc. Condition carries out to history information inquiring about, Excel Output of for ms, printout;Measuring point, time period, type of alarm etc. can be pressed Condition carries out to alarm logging information inquiring about, Excel Output of for ms, printout.
Form tracing analysiss module includes statement management module and tracing analysiss module, can press the bars such as measuring point, time period Part generate (some time period when, day, ten days, the moon, year) water level form, and generate Excel form, printout;With curve Form display hydrograph.
Log management module includes SIM system information management log pattern, measuring point information management log pattern, short breath notice days Will module, measuring point Operation Log module, parameter setting log pattern.
Systems soft ware supports SQL database, can store the various historical datas no less than 3 years, and data storage interval can set Put.
System has good autgmentability, compatible and open, can be for the extension upgrading of system later stage, to other related platform Systems with data shared service provides standardization interface.
Information Security
Because water level, rainfall product data are basis and the keys of flood control, its real time data is come to system operation and management Say it is very valuable, therefore this system guarantees that the integrity of data is extremely important after setting up.
(1) data is activation affirmation mechanism
System allows significant data or important website are set as from reporting confirmation mode of operation, when water level, rainfall monitoring Data of standing can wait center to receive the confirmation of data after offering center, otherwise back into repeating transmission or the replacing communication media of row data, To ensure that center receives Monitoring Data.
(2) operate identification
System centre workstation software has operator's identification, to prevent maloperation and malice from invading.
(3) log recording
System provides telemetry system initial data log recording and operation note, follows the trail of and fault recovery for accident.
System reliability
Because all monitoring stations of this system are completely in wild environment, system reliable is required very high, the system is main Take the measure of following several respects:
(1) low-power consumption:Because water level, rainfall monitoring station do not have reliable AC power to ensure, therefore all adopted from equipment Use low power consuming devices.
(2) moistureproof:System equipment is installed and protected mode will consider that local air humidity is big, and survey station equipment requirements are in high humidity Ensure under environment that system is normally run.
Although for illustrative purposes it has been described that the illustrative embodiments of the present invention, those skilled in the art Member will be understood that, in the case of the scope and spirit without departing from the invention disclosed in claims, can be in form and details On carry out the change of various modifications, interpolation and replacement etc., and all these change all should belong to claims of the present invention Each step in protection domain, and each department of claimed product and method, can in any combination Form is combined.Therefore, to disclosed in this invention embodiment description be not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, But be used for describing the present invention.Correspondingly, the scope of the present invention is not limited by embodiment of above, but by claim or Its equivalent is defined.

Claims (9)

1. the monitoring method of a kind of utilization flood control rainwater feelings automatic monitoring center system, wherein said flood control rainwater feelings are monitored automatically Centring system includes control centre, dispatches branch center, communication network, cloud computing end, mobile terminal and rainwater feelings automatic monitor station; Wherein control centre is connected with the communication of one or more scheduling branch centers by communication network, and one or more scheduling branch centers lead to Cross communication network to be connected with mobile terminal and the communication of rainwater feelings automatic monitor station respectively, communicate each other also by communication network Connect;Cloud computing end pass through communication network respectively with control centre, scheduling branch center, mobile terminal and rainwater feelings automatic monitor station Communication connects;
Control centre or scheduling branch center include server, computer, alarming short message dispensing device, fire wall, display device and Internal network;Wherein server, computer, alarming short message dispensing device, fire wall, display device passes through internal network with wireless And/or wired mode communicates connection;
It is characterized in that, comprise the steps:
(1) control centre and/or scheduling branch center centralized displaying flood control map, monitoring point hydrographic information are simultaneously displayed on display dress Put, monitoring point live real-time video image and/or scene photograph simultaneously appear in display device, each image is in display dress Put can arbitrarily adjustment position, amplify, reduce and roam operation;
(2) monitoring and scheduling personnel access system by using client, are operated;Or other non-supervised dispatchers use Browser directly accesses system, is operated;
(3) using the water level in rainwater feelings measurement sensor collection rainwater feelings region, rainfall, flow velocity, temperature, one kind of humidity or More than kind, gathered data is uploaded to rain hydrology monitor terminal;
(4) video equipment collection video image and/or scene photograph, and it is uploaded to rain hydrology monitor terminal;
(5) judge whether receiving data exceeds threshold value of warning, if exceeding threshold value of warning, and alarm;If it is not, it is complete Become monitoring;
The concretely comprising the following steps of wherein said step (5):
(5.1) analysis of rain hydrology monitor terminal judges whether to receive the gathered data that step (3) uploads and step (4) uploads Video image and/or scene photograph, if received, enter step (5.2), otherwise return to step (1);
(5.2) rain hydrology monitor terminal judge gathered data that step (3) uploads and the video image that step (4) uploads and/or Whether scene photograph receives completely, if receiving complete, enters step (5.3), otherwise return to step (1);
(5.3) rain hydrology monitor terminal uploads complete receiving data to scheduling branch center and cloud computing end simultaneously;
(5.4) scheduling branch center and the complete receiving data that receives step (5.3) respectively of cloud computing end are respectively stored in In scheduling branch center memorizer and cloud computing end memorizer;
(5.5) dispatch branch center analytical calculation receiving data, judge whether receiving data exceeds threshold value of warning, if exceeding early warning Threshold value, then and alarm, and warning message is sent to mobile terminal and control centre, waits mobile terminal to be received and scheduling Center receives the confirmation feedback information of data, without receiving feedback information, then repeats to send warning message until receiving Mobile terminal and control centre receive the confirmation feedback information of data;Without beyond threshold value of warning, then enter step (5.6);
(5.6) cloud computing end analytical calculation receiving data, judges whether receiving data exceeds threshold value of warning, if exceeding early warning threshold Value, then and alarm, and warning message is sent to mobile terminal, scheduling branch center and control centre, waits movement to be received Terminal, scheduling branch center and control centre receive the confirmation feedback information of data, without receiving feedback information, then repeat to send out Alarming information of delivering newspaper receives the confirmation feedback information of data until receiving mobile terminal, scheduling branch center and control centre;If Without departing from threshold value of warning, then enter step (5.7);
(5.7) scheduling branch center and cloud computing end will be stored in dispatching the reception in branch center memorizer and cloud computing end memorizer Data is uploaded to control centre respectively, and control centre stores to the receiving data being respectively received in control centre's memorizer;
(5.8) whether with the scheduling branch center receiving data that respectively upload consistent, if differed for control centre if comparing cloud computing end Cause, then the receiving data that analytical calculation cloud computing end uploads respectively with scheduling branch center respectively, whether judge receiving data respectively Beyond threshold value of warning, if one of and more than one exceed threshold value of warning, and alarm, and warning message is sent To mobile terminal and scheduling branch center, standby communication terminal and scheduling branch center is waited to receive the confirmation feedback information of data, if do not had Receive feedback information, then repeat to send warning message until receiving mobile terminal and dispatching the confirmation that branch center receives data Feedback information;If all without departing from threshold value of warning, return to step (1) is monitored again;If consistent, complete to monitor.
2. monitoring method as claimed in claim 1 it is characterised in that:Control centre or scheduling branch center also include printer, Facsimile machine, router and switch, wherein printer, facsimile machine, router and switch pass through internal network with wireless and/or Wired mode communicates connection.
3. monitoring method as claimed in claim 2 it is characterised in that:System adopts client/server (C/S) structural modelss, Or system adopt browser/server (B/S) structural modelss, or system adopt client/server (C/S) structural modelss and The structural modelss that browser/server (B/S) structural modelss combine.
4. monitoring method as claimed in claim 2 it is characterised in that:Display device supports multihead display, can show multiple Figure layer, the plurality of figure layer possesses hyperlink connection function, and allows hand between the plurality of figure layer.
5. monitoring method as claimed in claim 4 it is characterised in that:Flood control map, monitoring point hydrographic information are simultaneously displayed on In display device, monitoring point live real-time video image and/or scene photograph simultaneously appear in display device, and each image exists In display device can arbitrarily adjustment position, amplify, reduce and roam operation.
6. the monitoring method as described in any one of claim 2-5 it is characterised in that:Communication network be wireless communication networks and/ Or wire communication network.
7. monitoring method as claimed in claim 6 it is characterised in that:Wire communication network is optical fiber communication network, channel radio News network is one of 4G, 3G and 2G or more than one combination.
8. the monitoring method as described in claim 2-5,7 any one it is characterised in that:Cloud computing end receives and stores, analyzes Calculate and be derived from control centre, dispatch branch center, the data of mobile terminal and/or rainwater feelings automatic monitor station, monitoring people can be supplied Member retrieves, checks, downloading and/or program request.
9. monitoring method as claimed in claim 8 it is characterised in that:Alarming short message dispensing device is warned in equipment fault, water level When guarding against state change, rainfall state change and/or terminal enabling change appearance exception, actively send alarming short message and notify.
CN201410310125.4A 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 Flood prevention rainwater information automatic monitoring central system and monitoring method thereof Expired - Fee Related CN104103153B (en)

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