CN103558827B - Mine emergency communication for command and management information system - Google Patents

Mine emergency communication for command and management information system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103558827B
CN103558827B CN201310547409.0A CN201310547409A CN103558827B CN 103558827 B CN103558827 B CN 103558827B CN 201310547409 A CN201310547409 A CN 201310547409A CN 103558827 B CN103558827 B CN 103558827B
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China
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emergency
rescue
management
mine
information
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CN201310547409.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103558827A (en
Inventor
宋文
郭东恒
刘成
王莉
王克全
伯志革
祁海莹
熊云威
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中煤科工集团重庆研究院有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of mine emergency communication for command and management information system, belong to coalmine rescue emergency communication and security monitoring management technical field.This system comprises downhole rescuing emergency communication system, ground emergency commading system, satellite communication system and remote command platform, effectively be integrated with mine sealing and hemi-closure space (as refuge chamber etc.) emergency communication system, mine wireless network system, mine Internet of Things and satellite communication system, construct the network communication platform that integration is closed in vacant lot, can Real-time Obtaining emergency management and rescue communication for command and emergency information management system data, this locality realizing relevant information data stores, transmission and teleengineering support access.Meanwhile, present invention achieves disaster accident, dispatch control, rescue information statistical study, the rescue function such as management map, disaster field management, there is informationization, networking degree is high, can safeguard, portable, easily extensible and the advantage such as safe and practical.

Description

Mine emergency communication for command and management information system

Technical field

The invention belongs to coalmine rescue emergency communication and security monitoring management technical field, relate to a kind of mine emergency communication for command and management information system.

Background technology

In recent years, the phenomenon that the accident of mine disaster occurred time causes the dead group of personnel group to hinder is still commonplace.But, domestic existing mine rescue emergency command and management system support technology and function singleness, the level of informatization is lower, once be in an emergency, rescue aid and goods and materials upgrade not in time, and on-the-spot capability to resist destruction is weak, and rescue consultant expert be not easy to be in time.In addition, some traditional emergency management systems adopt C/S software architecture mostly, cause its set expandability weak, remote online is safeguarded and is upgraded also more difficult, and the rescue command equipment interoperability of import and ease for use also poor, its software security is difficult to be protected, and costly.

Mine down-hole physical geographic environment intricate is one of multiple reason of mine accident.During mine generation disaster, tunnel traffic, ventilation condition worsen, the harmful gas such as gas, CO seriously transfinites, the harsh conditions such as high temperature, dense smoke, insufficient light all likely occur, the original communications infrastructure of mine also may be paralysed, cause the communication disruption of underground, now can carry out the comprehensive both-way communication of information and command scheduling between rescue command center and rescue site, can significant impact be produced to rescue effect.Moreover, current rescue system lacks contingency management informatization platform mostly, disaster data and rescue information are added up and emergency preplan is all rely on artificial calculating to analyze and produce, emergency command and the efficiency of management is caused to be hovered for a long time at reduced levels, this just in the urgent need to the mine rescue command scheduling equipment applied based on nationwide and contingency management platform, and realizes its networking and informationization.

Summary of the invention

In view of this, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of mine emergency communication for command and management information system, this system closes integrated network communication framework based on vacant lot, in conjunction with multiple means of communication realization to the emergency command of mine disaster and management, meet informationization and the Net-work Demands of mine emergency rescue team and military equipment management.

For achieving the above object, the invention provides following technical scheme:

A kind of mine emergency communication for command and management information system: comprise downhole rescuing emergency communication system, ground emergency commading system, satellite communication system and remote command platform; Downhole rescuing emergency communication system comprises front-end data acquisition device and underground wireless network system, and ground emergency commading system comprises the network switching equipment and satellite communication terminal; Front-end data acquisition device gathers downhole data, and carry out data transmission by underground wireless network system, ground emergency commading system receives the real time data information of down-hole and by its satellite communication terminal, data message is sent to remote command platform by satellite communication system, and remote command platform carries out emergency command scheduling according to the data message received.

Further, this system also comprises telereference platform, and telereference platform is connected with remote command platform by internet, and telereference platform and remote command platform are shared data and provided technical adviser information for remote command platform.

Further, described front-end data acquisition device comprises personnel positioning mark card and card reader, Multi-parameter Detection Alarm, Mine-used I. S mobile phone and camera, low-frequency wireless emergency communication terminal, 3G intrinsic safety terminal and rescue and detection robot.

Further, described underground wireless network system is made up of mine intrinsic safety wireless router, mine intrinsic safety radio network gateway, 3G intrinsic safety base station and mine intrinsic safety fiber optic Ethernet converter.

Further, described satellite communication system comprises Beidou satellite communication system or gps satellite communication system.

Further, the Beidou satellite communication terminal in the emergency commading system of ground comprises Big Dipper company-data transmission terminal, Big Dipper handheld terminal and big-dipper satellite modulator-demodular unit.

Further, this system adopts the hierarchical system structure of 6 layers, comprises man-machine interaction layer, System Functional Layer, system management layer, system support layer, software-driven layer and hardware driving layer.

Further, described System Functional Layer comprises disaster and accident management module, dispatch control module, emergency preplan administration module, rescue laws and regulations module, rescue management map module, rescue information statistical analysis module, disaster field visualized management module, emergency management and rescue troop and military equipment management module.

Further, system software platform adopts and supports cross-platform B/S software architecture.

Beneficial effect of the present invention is: the present invention proposes mine emergency commander and management information system that integration is closed in a kind of vacant lot, achieve disaster accident, dispatch control, rescue information statistical study, function such as rescue management map, disaster field management etc., there is informationization, networking degree be high, can safeguard, portable, easily extensible and the advantage such as safe and practical.

Accompanying drawing explanation

In order to make object of the present invention, technical scheme and beneficial effect clearly, the invention provides following accompanying drawing and being described:

Fig. 1 is the configuration diagram of native system;

Fig. 2 is system level modular diagram;

Fig. 3 is system Internet of Things bolster model schematic diagram.

Embodiment

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the preferred embodiments of the present invention are described in detail.

Fig. 1 is the configuration diagram of native system, and as shown in the figure, this system integration disaster relief of downhole wireless broadband and mine emergency communication system, mine Internet of Things and satellite communication system, propose the network service framework that integration is closed in vacant lot.This system comprises downhole rescuing emergency communication system, ground emergency commading system, satellite communication system and remote command platform; Downhole rescuing emergency communication system comprises front-end data acquisition device and underground wireless network system, and ground emergency commading system comprises the network switching equipment and satellite communication terminal; Front-end data acquisition device gathers downhole data, and carry out data transmission by underground wireless network system, ground emergency commading system receives the real time data information of down-hole and by its satellite communication terminal, data message is sent to remote command platform by satellite communication system, and remote command platform carries out emergency command scheduling according to the data message received.As further improvement, this system also comprises telereference platform, and telereference platform is connected with remote command platform by internet, and telereference platform and remote command platform are shared data and provided technical adviser information for remote command platform.

In downhole rescuing emergency communication system, front-end data acquisition device includes but not limited to personnel positioning mark card and card reader, Multi-parameter Detection Alarm, Mine-used I. S mobile phone and camera, low-frequency wireless emergency communication terminal, 3G intrinsic safety terminal and rescue and detection robot, as shown in Figure 3, obtain emergency command by above-mentioned collection and pick-up unit to communicate and the Data Source of emergency information management system.Underground wireless network system is then made up of mine intrinsic safety wireless router, mine intrinsic safety radio network gateway, 3G intrinsic safety base station and mine intrinsic safety fiber optic Ethernet converter, and the said equipment is that downhole network communication provides support.

Satellite communication system, as the communication system of disaster commander scene and remote command platform being carried out being connected, can adopt the Commercial Satellite Communications System of the Big Dipper or such as GPS and so in the present embodiment.

Fig. 2 is system level modular diagram, and native system adopts the hierarchical system structure of 6 layers, comprises man-machine interaction layer, System Functional Layer, system management layer, system support layer, software-driven layer and hardware driving layer.

Man-machine interaction layer: for realizing the friendly of user interface, system have employed the OO programming language such as Html, C# or JavaScript, meet an urgent need platform, multimedia of flexible design multimedia small-sized movable is met an urgent need platform terminal and rescue group's management information platform, does not need professional can to complete rescue command communication and contingency management information is disposed in time.

System Functional Layer: this is the core of whole system, mainly comprise 9 functional modules, as disaster and accident management, dispatch control, disaster visualized management, emergency management and rescue troop and military equipment management, emergency preplan management, rescue laws and regulations, rescue management map and system management etc.

System management layer: comprise network management and basic database management, makes regular check on the connectedness with maintenance system network, and carries out data base administration to Back ground Informations such as system user login, audio frequency and video command scheduling, rescue maps.

System support layer: comprise emergency plan HSE and generate relevant data mining, the information encoding-decoding realizing security of system and md5 encryption, and support the Cooperative Workflow etc. of rescue command and contingency management.

Software-driven layer: comprise background data base driving, audio frequency and video driving and network enabled networking and transport communication protocol driving.

Hardware driving layer: for the various types of hardware device drives of thing network sensing layer, as Multi-parameter Detection Alarm, Mine-used I. S camera, rescue and detection robot, personnel positioning and RFID perception tag card etc.

As mentioned above, the functional module of native system comprises disaster and accident management, dispatch control, disaster field visualized management, emergency management and rescue troop and military equipment management, emergency preplan management, rescue information statistical study, rescue laws and regulations, rescue management map and system management nine large modules.The function of each module is as follows:

Disaster and accident management module: by fire, gas and dust explosion or outstanding, roof fall and the disaster accident data message typing management information system such as permeable, be convenient to the classification of disaster accident, storage and inquiry, can realize strictly authorizing and electronic archive multiple disaster accident treatment scheme.Once disaster accident occurs, emergency event treatment scheme can be started immediately, coordinate each rescue department according to pre-determined emergency plan HSE, and report mabage report and electronic archive in time, facilitate later reference, comprise the contents such as time, place, hazard scope and leader's reply.

Dispatch control module: when disaster occurs, utilize the Portable rescue robot under mine, mine intrinsic safety camera and Multi-parameter Detection Alarm can understand on-the-spot disaster accident situation in time, and assign rescue instruction in good time.Rescue command personnel realize voice scheduling communication by Mine-used I. S mobile phone and note broadcast mode issues rescue instruction, as field condition sudden change, can assign rapidly new instruction, thus ensure that the ageing of instruction by mine emergency command system.

Disaster field visualized management module: user can be facilitated to watch the change of disaster field environmental parameter, in real time rescue command video, rescue ore deposit figure and rescue aid deployment scheme by management information system simultaneously and consult and Zoom display.

Emergency management and rescue troop and military equipment management module: comprise the management to rescue group member personal information, consultant expert's information and rescue group's self information.Rescue outfit management mainly utilizes that RFID tag card and card reader realize device name and model, quantity, stock locations, warehouse keeper and equipment use people, equipment lend the operations such as date, maintenance of equipment, additions and deletions renewal.

Emergency preplan administration module: carry out emergency preplan grade classification for general (IV level), heavier (III level), seriously (II level) and especially severe (I level) four grades according to the mine disaster order of severity.System can provide corresponding emergency preplan measure respectively according to dissimilar (as fire, gas and dust explosion, roof fall, floods and gas and coal dust are given prominence to) of mine disaster accident.

Rescue information statistical analysis module: management information system utilizes probability and mathematical statistics method, rescue personnel's health and fitness information, work performance and working experience, rescue group's historic performance and experience and lessons are carried out regularly or Stage Summary and statistical study, and by scheme and the form such as table displays.In addition, utilize data mining technology, the disaster information stored in basic database, expert are rescued to decision information and rescue outfit information etc. and carry out association analysis, and automatically generate statistical report form, provide decision references to later stage emergency preplan formulation and renewal.

Rescue laws and regulations module: support mine safety territory emergency management and rescue relevant law and regulation inquiry, be convenient to relevant personnel's study and exchange, particularly accident emergency rescue relevant laws and regulations and emergency plan HSE relevant laws and regulations receive much concern, as " national security industrial accident disaster emergency prediction scheme " and " mine accident disaster emergency prediction scheme " etc.In addition, the regulation such as " National Mine emergency management and rescue team construction specification ", " AQ1008-2007 mine rescue code ", " AQ1009-2007 mine rescue team quality standardization examination specification " is for rescue group.

Rescue management map module: support that the rescue map of multiple format imports, as png, jpg, bmp etc.In addition, also can rescue map be upgraded and be revised, upgrade an ore deposit figure every three months automatically prompting users.Support the convergent-divergent importing map, be convenient to user and check.

System management module: support the functions such as user management, Role Management, rights management, function menu management.

Meanwhile, system adopts B/S architecture design to avoid client unsafe factor, in heterogeneous network, ensure system cloud gray model safety by router and firewall configuration.Adopt RBAC access control policy, the data base authority that single table is authorized controls.Data are submitted to during server and are adopted SSL safety technique to ensure exchanges data.Significant data takes md5 encryption process, ensures that data are not illegally stolen.

Native system principle of work is: when mine disaster accident occurs, and uses system disaster and accident management module can inquire about and identify kind of disaster, reports/assign rescue instruction in time, and report and real-time release disaster accident.Once emergency command mechanism to confirm after disaster accident start up system emergency preplan management function immediately, namely dispatch control personnel will obtain superior instructions mandate rescue command password, after system is verified by licencing key, just can automatically generate corresponding emergency plan HSE according to functions such as disaster accident classification, rescue laws and regulations and rescue management maps.And can select to rescue emergency preplan accordingly for different disaster accident inquiry by emergency preplan management, system supports that emergency plan HSE real-time update and intelligence generate.After submission emergency plan HSE, rescue facility just can start up system dispatch control function commander field rescue.Meanwhile, dispatch control module is used can to realize multipartite voice call scheduling and the on-the-spot rescue operation of note broadcast commander.Use disaster field visualized management module can comprehensive understanding the condition of a disaster, comprise disaster environment parameter and video monitoring.Utilize emergency management and rescue troop and military equipment management module, effectively management and allotment can be carried out to rescue personnel and consultant expert and relief goods and equipment.After each rescue group executes emergency repair task, system preserves every situation of current rescue automatically, by rescue information statistical study and rescue laws and regulations module, related personnel and health status thereof are added up, and carry out summing up in time and analyzing to its rescue achievement and experience.In addition, this system can at any time for rescue personnel provide knowledge network online training such as rescue laws and regulations etc. and inquiry service and the management map function such as rescue the importing of map, regular update, scaled are checked, back-up system is safeguarded and rights management, as the change of login rights of using and network connectivty are checked.

What finally illustrate is, above preferred embodiment is only in order to illustrate technical scheme of the present invention and unrestricted, although by above preferred embodiment to invention has been detailed description, but those skilled in the art are to be understood that, various change can be made to it in the form and details, and not depart from claims of the present invention limited range.

Claims (6)

1. mine emergency communication for command and management information system: it is characterized in that: comprise downhole rescuing emergency communication system, ground emergency commading system, satellite communication system and remote command platform; Downhole rescuing emergency communication system comprises front-end data acquisition device and underground wireless network system, and ground emergency commading system comprises the network switching equipment and satellite communication terminal; Front-end data acquisition device gathers downhole data, and carry out data transmission by underground wireless network system, ground emergency commading system receives the real time data information of down-hole and by its satellite communication terminal, data message is sent to remote command platform by satellite communication system, and remote command platform carries out emergency command scheduling according to the data message received;
This system adopts the hierarchical system structure of 6 layers, comprises man-machine interaction layer, System Functional Layer, system management layer, system support layer, software-driven layer and hardware driving layer;
Described System Functional Layer comprises disaster and accident management module, dispatch control module, emergency preplan administration module, rescue laws and regulations module, rescue management map module, rescue information statistical analysis module, disaster field visualized management module, emergency management and rescue troop and military equipment management module;
Disaster and accident management module: by disaster accident data message typing management information system, be convenient to the classification of disaster accident, storage and inquiry, can realize strictly authorizing and electronic archive multiple disaster accident treatment scheme; Once disaster accident occurs, emergency event treatment scheme can be started immediately, coordinate each rescue department according to pre-determined emergency plan HSE, and report mabage report and electronic archive in time, facilitate later reference;
Emergency preplan administration module: carrying out emergency preplan grade classification according to the mine disaster order of severity is general, heavier, serious and especially severe four grades; System can provide corresponding emergency preplan measure respectively according to the dissimilar of mine disaster accident;
Rescue information statistical analysis module: management information system utilizes probability and mathematical statistics method, carries out regularly the health and fitness information of rescue personnel, work performance and working experience, rescue group's historic performance and experience and lessons or Stage Summary and statistical study; In addition, utilize data mining technology, to the disaster information stored in basic database, expert rescues decision information and rescue outfit information carries out association analysis, and automatically generates statistical report form, provides decision references to later stage emergency preplan formulation and renewal.
2. mine emergency communication for command according to claim 1 and management information system: it is characterized in that: this system also comprises telereference platform, telereference platform is connected with remote command platform by internet, and telereference platform and remote command platform are shared data and provided technical adviser information for remote command platform.
3. mine emergency communication for command according to claim 1 and management information system: it is characterized in that: described front-end data acquisition device comprises personnel positioning mark card and card reader, Multi-parameter Detection Alarm, camera, low-frequency wireless emergency communication terminal, 3G intrinsic safety terminal and rescue and detection robot.
4. mine emergency communication for command according to claim 1 and management information system: it is characterized in that: described underground wireless network system is made up of mine intrinsic safety radio network gateway, 3G intrinsic safety base station and mine intrinsic safety fiber optic Ethernet converter.
5. mine emergency communication for command according to claim 1 and management information system: it is characterized in that: described satellite communication system comprises Beidou satellite communication system or gps satellite communication system.
6. mine emergency communication for command according to claim 1 and management information system: it is characterized in that: system software platform adopts supports cross-platform B/S software architecture.
CN201310547409.0A 2013-11-06 2013-11-06 Mine emergency communication for command and management information system CN103558827B (en)

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