CN103578228B - A kind of Storm Flood Disasters monitoring and warning and emergency response system and method - Google Patents

A kind of Storm Flood Disasters monitoring and warning and emergency response system and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103578228B
CN103578228B CN201210284558.8A CN201210284558A CN103578228B CN 103578228 B CN103578228 B CN 103578228B CN 201210284558 A CN201210284558 A CN 201210284558A CN 103578228 B CN103578228 B CN 103578228B
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emergency
alarm
network
monitoring
data
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CN201210284558.8A
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CN103578228A (en
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李洋
杨树峰
李涛
肖剑林
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陕西银河景天电子有限责任公司
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of Storm Flood Disasters monitoring and warning and emergency response system and method, including wire/radio network, alarm emergency central master station, early warning and monitoring substation, alarm emergency command centre, alarm emergency commands branch center, mobile alarm emergency commander branch center, carry-on interactive terminal, alarm emergency central master station passes through wire/radio network and early warning and monitoring substation, alarm emergency command centre, alarm emergency commands branch center, mobile alarm emergency commander branch center, carry-on interactive terminal UNICOM, the warning center main website can carry out two-way communication with various types of alarm emergency terminals by wired or wireless network, analysis, store various data, handle various command requests.The present invention can support a variety of communication networks, multiple types of data interaction can be achieved, polytype terminal, autgmentability and mobility strong can be supported.

Description

A kind of Storm Flood Disasters monitoring and warning and emergency response system and method

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of Natural calamity monitoring early warning and emergency response control platform, more particularly to one kind can be supported many Network is planted, multiple types of data interaction can be achieved, the Storm Flood Disasters for being applied to mobile operation of multiple types of terminals can be supported Monitoring and warning and emergency response system and method.

Background technology

When on July 21st, 2012, the morning was to morning 2 on the 22nd, a heavy rain at Beijing weekend triggers effectiveness factors, and the whole city is put down Equal 164 millimeters of rainfall, is to have had maximum rainfall since complete meteorological record from nineteen fifty-one.This time rainfall maximum point is in Fangshan District Hebei town, 519 millimeters of rainfall;212 millimeters of city average rainfall.It is reported that existing tens of people die greatly in the rain in Beijing. Extreme meteorological disaster was taken place frequently in recent years, and in normalization and expanded trend, and under the test of heavy rain, domestic city " is seen in succession Sea ", exposes the problem of China's municipal drainage standard is universal relatively low.On the other hand, the disastrous of burst weather event initiation is got over Come more serious, until the malignant event of the casualties occurred in Beijing.

The disasters such as urban waterlogging, mud-rock flow, the landslide that heavy rain triggers are brought sternly to life and property safety of people Threaten again, significant impact is brought to economic development and social stability, have become the outstanding problem in current flood control and disaster reduction.

Therefore, it is necessary to set up a set of advanced Storm Flood Disasters monitoring, early warning and emergency command management system as early as possible, carry High mean of defense, counter-measure and mitigation effect, for defence Rainstorm Flood geological disaster, it is ensured that people's life safely provides Support, meets an urgent demand of various circles of society.

While Beijing rescue and relief work situation is concerned about, it is seen that the early warning of urban rainstorm waterlogging, emergency repair just into For a most important ring in such a event, present early warning and emergency repair mainly pass through relevant weather unit and local three proofings Do, issue color early warning by intensity rank to citizen using modes such as public medium and short messages, city leader will do to three proofings in person Battle array commander is sat, the three proofings hot line of speedily carrying out rescue work of whole city district level is fully open, the dangerous situation Real-Time Scheduling reflected according to citizen is speedily carried out rescue work strength. In this case early warning is typically relatively general more rough, issue target does not also have a specific aim, therefore early warning cannot get civic Enough attention;And in emergency repair, because the dangerous situation time concentrates, place disperses, speedily carry out rescue work hot line and strength of speedily carrying out rescue work can not be played Due effect.

There is dedicated communications network and cover that limited, communication mode is single and cost in existing disaster surveillance early warning system High, use and maintenance cost is high, using the big deficiency of limitation, and it is first hand comprehensively that command centre can not grasp disaster field rapidly The condition of a disaster information, can not carry out urgent television consultation, emergency response and commander the very first time between command centre and disaster field and determine Plan.

The content of the invention

The purpose of the present invention, is to overcome deficiency of the prior art to support that a variety of communication networks interconnections are mutual there is provided one kind Logical (including cable network, a variety of 3G networks, 4G networks, WIFI, satellite communication network), the two-way real-time friendship of polymorphism information can be achieved Mutually, the Storm Flood Disasters monitoring and warning and emergency response system and method for a variety of mobile intelligent terminals can be supported.It is various not Under same environment, there is mobility, sudden, emergency and provisional use environment especially for some, not by space And territory restriction, centralized management work can be carried out in the wild or under mobile status, realization can be handled at any time and any place The target of anything related to business, so as to preferably decision-making and management.

To achieve the above object, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is:

A kind of Storm Flood Disasters monitoring and warning and emergency response system, including wire/radio network, alarm emergency center Main website, early warning and monitoring substation, alarm emergency command centre, alarm emergency commander branch center, mobile alarm emergency commander branch center, Carry-on interactive terminal, during alarm emergency central master station is commanded by wire/radio network and early warning and monitoring substation, alarm emergency The heart, alarm emergency commander branch center, mobile alarm emergency commander branch center, carry-on interactive terminal UNICOM, it is characterised in that

The alarm emergency central master station includes alarm emergency server, Public information issuance server;

Described alarm emergency command centre, alarm emergency commander branch center, mobile alarm emergency commander branch center and with Body interactive terminal is by wire/radio network and alarm emergency server UNICOM, and alarm emergency server is also sent out with public information Cloth server UNICOM, Public information issuance server passes through Internet public network external connection public terminals;

The early warning and monitoring substation includes substation main frame, monitoring terminal and Forewarning Terminal, described monitoring terminal and early warning Terminal passes through cable network or wireless network and substation main frame UNICOM.

The mobile alarm emergency commander branch center, can be vehicular equipment and portable set, the carry-on interaction Terminal, can be any one or its combination of notebook computer, PDA, smart mobile phone, tablet personal computer, handheld terminal.

Gateway is set between described alarm emergency server and Public information issuance server.

Set in described substation main frame:

Data processing module, for analyzing and handling each monitoring terminal and each command centre's data;

Multi-mode communication module, for select optical fiber, 3G network, 4G networks, WIFI network, satellite communication network it is any one Plant or its combination, realize the transmission and interaction of various information and data;

Data dispatch module, for command centre and point command centre, command centre and monitoring terminal, a Public information issuance Data distribution between server and the public and shared;

I/O modules, for status display, Man Machine Interface, audio frequency and video input/output interface;

Control module, the landing for controlling traffic lever;

Power module, for the system power supply.

Set in the monitoring terminal:

Video acquisition module, the image information for collection site;

Audio collection module, the voice messaging for collection site;

Geographical position acquisition module, the geographical location information for collection site;

Rainfall acquisition module, water level acquisition module, wind speed and direction acquisition module, humiture collection module are respectively used to adopt Collect the weather informations such as rainfall information, water level information, wind speed and direction information, the temperature and humidity information of disaster field.

Set in Forewarning Terminal:

Warning lamp, for warning surrounding enviroment dangerous, prompting vehicular traffic, pedestrian are current with caution or no through traffic;

LED display, for showing real-time rainfall, water level and warning indicators language (such as depth of water danger);

Loudspeaker, is notified for reporting information warning and dangerous situation;

One-touch emergent alarm phone, the quick alarm after dangerous situation is found for disaster field pedestrian.

The video acquisition module, audio collection module, geographical position acquisition module, rainfall acquisition module, water level are adopted Collect at the data transmission interface that module, wind speed and direction acquisition module and humiture collection module connect data processing module, data Manage module and multi-mode communication module is connected by data-processing interface, multi-mode communication module connects data by network control interface and adjusted Module is spent, multi-mode communication module can set up multiple communication links simultaneously, and the information and instruction that substation main frame is sent are transferred to pre- Each alarm terminal of alert emergency center main website and Forewarning Terminal, described information and instruction can be, audio, video, picture, text Shelves, alarm signal and Monitoring Data.

The data processing module sets data-processing interface and data transmission interface, is the various monitorings collection to reception Modular terminal data carry out the conversion of digital-to-analogue form, compressed encoding and data processing;

Its outside sets of multi-mode communication module connects each monitoring acquisition module terminal interface, and its inside sets network service list Member, the network communication unit is CDMA2000 communication units, WCDMA communication units, TD-SCDMA communication units, WIFI communications Unit, satellite communication communication unit, the network communication unit can be provided by cable network and wireless network for whole platform Network communication and transmission channel;

Data dispatch module sets network control interface, is mainly responsible data receiver, data processing and analysis management, leads to Embedded software dispatch network control interface is crossed, the preferable network of signal in multiple network is automatically switched to, and according to The real-time bandwidth of multilink and the data volume size of actual transmissions, distribute data automatically.

The wireless network for 3G network, 4G networks, WIFI network, satellite communication network any one or its combination.

The I/O modules, for status display, Man Machine Interface, audio frequency and video input/output interface;

The control module, the landing for controlling traffic lever;

Described multi-mode communication module, can use wireless communication mode;Described power module, can be by civil power, the sun Can cell panel, storage battery power supply.

A kind of emergency response method of Storm Flood Disasters monitoring and warning and emergency response system, it is characterised in that including Following steps:

1) the various meteorologic parameters and positional information of monitoring terminal are gathered;

2) alarm emergency server is returned;

3) grading forewarning system of Storm Flood Disasters, alarm and processing;

4) Public information issuance server issue public information,

Further, in the step 1) in, the various weather informations monitored are passed through wire/wireless net by monitoring terminal Network carries out two-way communication using cable network or wireless network and substation main frame, analyzes, stores various data;

Further, the step 2) in, substation main frame should according to the various weather information datas issue early warning monitored It is anxious to perform order to Forewarning Terminal, at the same by the various weather information datas and alarm emergency of monitoring perform order by it is wired/ Wireless network is back to alarm emergency server using cable network or wireless network;

Further, the step 3) in, the passback of substation main frame is various on central master station analysis and early warning emergency service device Weather information data and alarm emergency perform order, the alert alarm threshold and alert if of different stage are set respectively, with true Determine alert levels and rank processing information, rank processing packet, which is included, to be provided suggestion and send order, and automatic by processing information It is distributed to Public information issuance server, alarm emergency command centre, alarm emergency commander branch center, mobile alarm emergency commander Branch center and carry-on interactive terminal;

Further, the step 4) in, Public information issuance server receives the alarm emergency of central master station issue Processing information is issued by Internet public networks, and public's external connection registration terminal can be flat by Internet public networks or SMS Platform accesses Public information issuance server and obtains real time information, and alarm emergency command centre refers to according to disaster field, alarm emergency The monitoring and warning information that branch center and mobile alarm emergency commander branch center are provided is waved, and combines the carry-on interactive terminal of carrying Expert and leader, collaboration alarm emergency commander branch center carries out emergency disposal with mobile alarm emergency commander branch center and decision-making refers to Wave.

Cable network connection uses ICP/IP protocol, the wireless network be 3G network, 4G networks, WIFI network, Any one or its combination of satellite communication network.

By adopting the above-described technical solution, the present invention has the advantages that:

First, Storm Flood Disasters monitoring and warning and emergency response system solve and trigger urban waterlogging, mudstone in heavy rain During the burst natural calamity such as stream, landslide, it can not be carried out tightly the very first time between Police Command Center and Disaster Event scene The problem of anxious television consultation, emergency response and commanding and decision-making.

Second, Storm Flood Disasters monitoring and warning and emergency response system, which are solved, to be needed to carry out urgent video conference and should The problem of suddenly commanding but unconditionally use satellite communications vehicle.

3rd, Storm Flood Disasters monitoring and warning and emergency response system be not by region, space and single communication network Limitation, can support a variety of 3G communication protocols such as CDMA2000, WCDMA, TD-SCDMA and 4G communication protocols, break through single network Limitation, as long as there is any of a variety of communication networks signal, you can realize wireless remote transmission, the interaction of audio, video data, So as to realize information bidirectional interaction, wireless video conference, wireless management and control in real time and the abundant function of mobile emergency command.

4th, when particular place does not have 3G and 4G communication network signals, satellite communication unit can provide satellite communication Link, completes platform data by satellite-signal and transmits.

5th, various information and data transfer are stable, smooth.Data dispatch module can dispatch net by embedded software The preferable network of signal in network control interface, automatic switchover multiple network, and bandwidth according to multilink and each The data volume size of real-time Transmission, automatic fractionation, merging data bag, effectively improves wireless data transmission rate and stability.

6th, multiple monitoring terminals can be used simultaneously, be with good expansibility, and monitoring terminal can be movement Formula.

7th, the system software section uses complete and complicated data encryption measure, with good security and guarantor Close property.

The present invention can there is provided various information using existing any 3G network signal, 4G network signals or satellite-signal It is wirelessly transferred and interacts, solving can not holds and promptly regard between traditional monitoring early warning system and Disaster Event scene the very first time The problem of frequency meeting, consultation, emergency response and commanding and decision-making in real time, effectively improve monitoring and warning actual effect.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is present system structured flowchart.

Fig. 2 is present system network topology architecture figure.

Embodiment

Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention will be further described.

Referring to accompanying drawing 1, accompanying drawing 1 is a kind of Storm Flood Disasters monitoring and warning and emergency response system of the present embodiment description Structured flowchart, the alarm emergency system described by this programme be by wire/radio network 100, alarm emergency central master station 200, Early warning and monitoring substation 300, alarm emergency command centre 400, alarm emergency commander branch center 500, mobile alarm emergency commander point The multistage linking alarm emergency response system that center 600, carry-on interactive terminal 700 are constituted.

Wherein, early warning and monitoring substation 300 includes substation main frame 301, monitoring terminal 302 and Forewarning Terminal 303.Monitoring terminal 302 be various to institute's monitoring section video image, the audio sound, geographical position, rainfall, water level depth, wind speed and direction etc. The real-time monitoring of meteorological data, for happen suddenly natural calamity when video image, the audio sound, geographical position, rainfall, water level it is deep The collection and transmission of the meteorological datas such as degree, wind speed and direction.Substation main frame 301 is the collection information transmitted to monitoring terminal 302 Handled and ordered and data processing module, multi-mode communication module, data dispatch module, I/ are set in transmission, substation main frame 301 O module and control module, data processing module set data-processing interface and data transmission interface, are the various monitorings to reception Acquisition module terminal data carries out the conversion of modulus form, compressed encoding and data processing;Its outside company of setting of multi-mode communication module Each monitoring acquisition module terminal interface is connect, its internal setting network communication unit, the network communication unit is logical for CDMA2000 Believe unit, WCDMA communication units, TD-SCDMA communication units, WIFI communication units, satellite communication communication unit, the network Communication unit can provide network communication by cable network, 3G network, WIFI, satellite communication network for whole platform and transmission is logical Road;Data dispatch module sets network control interface, is mainly responsible data receiver, data processing and analysis management, by embedding Enter formula software dispatch network control interface, automatically switch to the preferable network of signal in multiple network, and according to a plurality of The real-time bandwidth of link and the data volume size of actual transmissions, automatic distribution audio, video data and equipment running status data; I/O modules are used for status display, Man Machine Interface, audio frequency and video input/output interface;Control module is used to control traffic lever Landing.The video acquisition module of monitoring terminal 302, audio collection module, geographical position acquisition module, rainfall acquisition module, Water level depth acquisition module, wind speed acquisition module and wind direction acquisition module connect the data transmission interface of data processing module, number Multi-mode communication module is connected by data-processing interface according to processing module, multi-mode communication module connects number by network control interface According to scheduler module, multi-mode communication module can set up multiple communication links simultaneously, and the data command that substation main frame 301 is sent is transmitted To each alarm terminal of Forewarning Terminal 303.Warning lamp is set in Forewarning Terminal 303, it is LED display, loudspeaker, one-touch Emergent alarm phone, when natural calamity occurs, calamity is shown according to the instruction unpack warning lamp of substation main frame 301, LED display Do harm to grade and respectively monitor meteorological data, if necessary, loudspeaker reminds vehicular traffic and pedestrian, when pedestrian has found emergency One-touch emergent alarm telephone call can be passed through.

Wherein, alarm emergency central master station 200 includes alarm emergency server 201, Public information issuance server 202, Substation main frame 301 is returned on the analysis and early warning emergency service device 201 of central master station 200 various weather information datas and alarm emergency Order is performed, the alert alarm threshold and alert if of different stage are set respectively, to determine that alert levels and rank processing are believed Breath, rank processing packet, which is included, to be provided suggestion and sends order, and processing information is distributed into Public information issuance service automatically Device 202, alarm emergency command centre 400, alarm emergency commander branch center 500, mobile alarm emergency commander branch center 600 and with Body interactive terminal 700.The alarm emergency processing information that Public information issuance server 202 receives the issue of central master station 200 is led to The issue of Internet public networks is crossed, public's external connection registration terminal can access the public by Internet public networks or handset short message platform Information delivery server 202 obtains real time information, and alarm emergency command centre 400 is according to disaster field, alarm emergency commander point The monitoring and warning information that center 500 and mobile alarm emergency commander branch center 600 are provided, and combine the carry-on interactive terminal of carrying 700 expert and leader, collaboration alarm emergency commander branch center 500 and mobile alarm emergency commander branch center 600 are met an urgent need Disposal and decision commanding.

Alarm emergency central master station 200 described by the present embodiment passes through wire/radio network 100 and early warning and monitoring substation 300th, alarm emergency command centre 400, alarm emergency commander branch center 500, mobile alarm emergency commander branch center 600, with oneself The UNICOM of interactive terminal 700, carries out two-way communication, analyzes, stores various data, the cable network connection is using TCP/IP associations View, the wireless network for 3G network, 4G networks, WIFI network, satellite communication network any one or its combination.

Referring to Fig. 2, the operation principle of the present embodiment system:First each monitoring terminal 302 by live video, audio, The monitoring informations such as reason position, rainfall, water level depth, wind speed, wind direction transfer back to central master station 200, if monitoring information reaches Warning value, alarm emergency commands substation to start warning device and sends information warning to the spot public.Alarm emergency Relevant information is distributed to each command centre by central master station 200, while alarm emergency central master station 200 can be with webpage or short message Mode to the public issue warning information.Command centre staff sends according to actual conditions to each emergency command branch center Corresponding emergency repair instruction, while emergent corresponding personnel, which carry Mobile Early Warning emergency center, rushes towards site tissue emergency repair Work.In addition, expert or leader for that can not rush for the site of the accident or command centre, can be understood by carry-on interactive terminal Situation, provide suggestion and send order etc..

Alarm emergency central master station 200 includes alarm emergency server 201 and Public information issuance server 202, to protect The security reliability of data message is demonstrate,proved, two servers are separated using gateway 207.

All command centre, branch center, early warning and monitoring substation, command car, carry-on interactive terminal pass through wire/wireless net Network 100 and alarm emergency central master station 200 are connected, it is ensured that data it is reliable, stably, safe transmission.Common registered user is led to Cross public network or handset short message platform accesses Public information issuance server 202, obtain real time information.

The branch centers such as early warning and monitoring substation, command car use optical fiber, a variety of 3G networks, 4G networks, big-dipper satellite network Deng communication connection, it is ensured that data it is various it is severe under conditions of can reliablely and stablely transmit.

All monitoring terminals and warning alert terminal of early warning and monitoring substation all use wireless connection, by lithium battery power supply. Greatly facilitate temporary mobility to install, quickly set up waterlogging early warning and monitoring substation, be urban waterlogging protection and emergency command system System builds increasing and takes more times.

Storm Flood Disasters monitoring and warning described in the invention and emergency response system are using central server containing application Software systems, and various types of emergency response terminals composition, the central server is conventional art means, emergency response Terminal is independent research technology, including audio frequency and video and data acquisition module, data processing module, multi-mode communication module, data are adjusted Module is spent, any kind of emergency response terminal is can be applicable to.The emergency response system of the present embodiment possesses station level central tube Reason ability, application layer data analysis ability, process layer implementing ability.Specific arrangement:The communication server, data are configured in station level Storehouse server, WEB server, work station and management terminal;Application layer configuration can adapt to and realize weather environment data analysis, Equipment operating data analysis, audio, video data processing, ambient parameter setting, the system software platform of network service management function; Configure different types of control terminal to adapt to the mobile management and control requirement of Different field in process layer, implement to play management and control ability, Realization can handle the target of anything related to business at any time and any place, so as to preferably decision-making and management.

System described by the present embodiment is in urban waterlogging, mud-rock flow, landslide of the initiation of analysis and summary heavy rain etc. The notable feature of natural calamity, and study for after the monitoring and warning of above-mentioned disaster and the active demand of emergency response, from data The basic structure of early warning and monitoring substation is designed in terms of collection, analysis, communication, early warning, interaction, information sharing.Due to heavy rain flood Damage caused by waterlogging does harm to monitoring and warning and emergency response system design implementation must adapt to various on-scene communication conditions, so must be using support The form of multiple terminal flexible Application, such as:Smart mobile phone, tablet personal computer, special suitcase emergency set, vehicular equipment and Aircraft, with suitable for different disaster fields.Different types of early warning and monitoring substation, is provided with audio frequency and video and data acquisition module Block, data processing module, multi-mode communication module, data dispatch module, I/O modules and control module.

The audio frequency and video and data acquisition module of the monitoring terminal possess data acquisition interface, can be carried out with multiple sensors Docking, collection site Various types of data information is (such as:Meteorological data, special instrument data etc., equipment operating data etc.), possess sound and regard Frequency communication interface and function, collection site audio, video data, while can access a variety of alarm signal sources, play interim alarm input Function, and can be connected with other communication equipments, interaction data.

Audio frequency and video and data acquisition module by all kinds data collected, audio/video information, alarm signal and its The information that he receives, is sent in data processing module by data transmission interface, and data processing module is big by what is collected Amount complex information enters row format compiling, conversion, coding, compression, various information after above-mentioned processing can be smooth Interaction is transmitted in Storm Flood Disasters monitoring and warning and emergency response system, is easy to other-end to obtain.

Multi-mode communication module is as the data switching center of monitoring terminal, setting various network communications unit inside it, such as CDMA2000 communication units, WCDMA communication units, TD-SCDMA communication units, 4G communication units, WIFI communication units, satellite Communication unit, by the information after processing by including cable network, a variety of 3G networks, such as CDMA2000, WCDMA and Communication including TD-SCDMA, 4G network, WIFI, satellite communication network, is transmitted (main to center management and control server Stand) and other carry-on interactive terminals, and by the above-mentioned means, the data of the center of reception and other-end.Realize various important The alternating transmission of data.

The multi-mode communication module that is configured as of data dispatch module commands brain, its internal setting network control interface, leads to The preferable network of signal in embedded software dispatch network control interface, automatic switchover multiple network is crossed, and according to many The real-time bandwidth of bar link and the data volume size of actual transmissions, automatic distribution audio, video data and other running status numbers According to effectively improving wireless data transmission rate and stability, it is ensured that monitoring terminal energy under the communication environment of various disaster fields Normal work.

I/0 modules are used for status display, Man Machine Interface, audio frequency and video input/output interface.

Control module is used for the landing for controlling traffic lever.

Above-mentioned module is effectively combined, and the division of labor is clear and definite, and different disaster fields and monitoring and warning and emergent sound can be realized comprehensively The two-way real-time, interactive of much information under should requiring.

The present invention is not limited by region, space and single network condition.A variety of 3G of multiple telecom operators are merged Network, 4G networks, the advantage of satellite communication network and the ternet networks of In bis-, space and apart from it is upper produce it is breakthrough expand, As long as there is a kind of signal in multiple communication modes, you can wireless remote transmission, the interaction of various information data are realized, so that real Existing the condition of a disaster is monitored in real time, wireless video conference, wireless real-time early warning and emergency response function, and data transfer is stable, smooth.Number Can be by embedded software dispatch network control interface according to scheduler module, preferable one of signal in automatic switchover multiple network Network, and bandwidth and the data volume size of respective real-time Transmission according to multilink, automatic distribution audio, video data and Equipment running status data, effectively improve wireless data transmission efficiency;Multiple carry-on interactive terminals can be used simultaneously, with good Good scalability, has accomplished that monitoring is comprehensive, transmission is quick, and effectively, response is timely for early warning, and disposal is strong.

It is all in the present application structure above is being illustrated to the present embodiment, it is obvious that the present invention is not only limited to this Think the lower any change made and fall within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of Storm Flood Disasters monitoring and warning and emergency response system, including wire/radio network (100), alarm emergency Central master station (200), early warning and monitoring substation (300), alarm emergency command centre (400), alarm emergency commander branch center (500), mobile alarm emergency commander branch center (600), carry-on interactive terminal (700), alarm emergency central master station (200) pass through During wire/radio network (100) divides with early warning and monitoring substation (300), alarm emergency command centre (400), alarm emergency commander The heart (500), mobile alarm emergency commander branch center (600), carry-on interactive terminal (700) UNICOM, it is characterised in that
The alarm emergency central master station (200) includes alarm emergency server (201), Public information issuance server (202),
In described alarm emergency command centre (400), alarm emergency commander branch center (500), mobile alarm emergency commander point The heart (600) and carry-on interactive terminal (700) are by wire/radio network (100) and alarm emergency server (201) UNICOM, in advance Alert emergency service device (201) also with Public information issuance server (202) UNICOM, Public information issuance server (202) passes through Internet public network external connection public terminals;
The early warning and monitoring substation (300) includes substation main frame (301), monitoring terminal (302) and Forewarning Terminal (303), described Monitoring terminal (302) and Forewarning Terminal (303) by cable network or wireless network and substation main frame (301) UNICOM,
Set in described substation main frame (301):
Data processing module, for analyzing and handling each monitoring terminal and each command centre's data;
Multi-mode communication module, for select optical fiber, 3G network, 4G networks, WIFI network, satellite communication network any one or It is combined, and realizes the transmission and interaction of various information and data;
Data dispatch module, for command centre and point command centre, command centre and monitoring terminal, a Public information issuance service Data distribution between device and the public and shared;
I/O modules, for status display, Man Machine Interface, audio frequency and video input/output interface;
Control module, the landing for controlling traffic lever;
Power module, for the system power supply.
2. a kind of Storm Flood Disasters monitoring and warning and emergency response system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described Mobile alarm emergency commander branch center (600), can be vehicular equipment and portable set, the carry-on interactive terminal (700), can be any one or its combination of notebook computer, PDA, smart mobile phone, tablet personal computer, handheld terminal.
3. a kind of Storm Flood Disasters monitoring and warning and emergency response system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described Alarm emergency server (201) and Public information issuance server (202) between set gateway (207).
4. a kind of Storm Flood Disasters monitoring and warning and emergency response system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described Set in monitoring terminal (302):
Video acquisition module, the image information for collection site;
Audio collection module, the voice messaging for collection site;
Geographical position acquisition module, the geographical location information for collection site;
Rainfall acquisition module, water level acquisition module, wind speed and direction acquisition module, humiture collection module are respectively used to gather calamity The weather informations such as rainfall information, water level information, wind speed and direction information, the temperature and humidity information at evil scene;
Set in Forewarning Terminal (303):
Warning lamp, for warning surrounding enviroment dangerous, prompting vehicular traffic, pedestrian are current with caution or no through traffic;
LED display, for showing real-time rainfall, water level and warning indicators language;
Loudspeaker, is notified for reporting information warning and dangerous situation;
One-touch emergent alarm phone, the quick alarm after dangerous situation is found for disaster field pedestrian.
5. a kind of Storm Flood Disasters monitoring and warning and emergency response system as described in claim 1 or 4, it is characterised in that The video acquisition module, audio collection module, geographical position acquisition module, rainfall acquisition module, water level acquisition module, wind Fast wind direction acquisition module and humiture collection module connect the data transmission interface of data processing module, and data processing module passes through Data-processing interface connects multi-mode communication module, and multi-mode communication module connects data dispatch module by network control interface, many Mould communication module can set up multiple communication links simultaneously, and the information and instruction that substation main frame (301) is sent are transferred to early warning should Anxious central master station (200) and each alarm terminal of Forewarning Terminal (303), described information and instruction can be, audio, video, Picture, document, alarm signal and Monitoring Data.
6. a kind of Storm Flood Disasters monitoring and warning and emergency response system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described Data processing module sets data-processing interface and data transmission interface, is the various monitoring acquisition module terminal datas to reception Carry out the conversion of digital-to-analogue form, compressed encoding and data processing;
Its outside sets of multi-mode communication module connects each monitoring acquisition module terminal interface, and its inside sets network communication unit, The network communication unit be CDMA2000 communication units, WCDMA communication units, TD-SCDMA communication units, 4G communication units, Any one or its combination of WIFI communication units, satellite communication unit, the network communication unit can by cable network and Wireless network provides network communication and transmission channel for whole platform;
Data dispatch module sets network control interface, is mainly responsible data receiver, data processing and analysis management, by embedding Enter formula software dispatch network control interface, automatically switch to the preferable network of signal in multiple network, and according to a plurality of The real-time bandwidth of link and the data volume size of actual transmissions, distribute data automatically.
7. a kind of Storm Flood Disasters monitoring and warning and emergency response system as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that described Wireless network for 3G network, 4G networks, WIFI network, satellite communication network any one or its combination.
8. a kind of Storm Flood Disasters monitoring and warning and emergency response system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described Multi-mode communication module, wireless communication mode can be used;Described power module, can be by civil power, solar panel, electric power storage Pond powers.
9. a kind of emergency response method of Storm Flood Disasters monitoring and warning and emergency response system as claimed in claim 1, It is characterised in that it includes following steps:
1) collection monitoring terminal (302) various meteorologic parameters and positional information;
2) passback alarm emergency server (201);
3) grading forewarning system of Storm Flood Disasters, alarm and processing;
4) Public information issuance server (202) issue public information,
Further, in the step 1) in, the various weather informations monitored are passed through wire/wireless by monitoring terminal (302) Network (100) carries out two-way communication using cable network or wireless network and substation main frame (301), analyzes, stores various data;
Further, the step 2) in, substation main frame (301) should according to the various weather information datas issue early warning monitored Forewarning Terminal (303) is given in anxious execution order, passes through while the various weather information datas and alarm emergency of monitoring are performed into order Wire/radio network (100) is back to alarm emergency server (201) using cable network or wireless network;
Further, the step 3) in, substation main frame (301) on central master station (200) analysis and early warning emergency service device (201) The various weather information datas and alarm emergency of passback perform order, and alert alarm threshold and the alarm of different stage are set respectively Condition, to determine alert levels and rank processing information, rank processing packet, which is included, to be provided suggestion and sends order, and automatically will Processing information is distributed in Public information issuance server (202), alarm emergency command centre (400), alarm emergency commander point The heart (500), mobile alarm emergency commander branch center (600) and carry-on interactive terminal (700);
Further, the step 4) in, Public information issuance server (202) receives the pre- of central master station (200) issue Alert emergency processing information is issued by Internet public networks, and public's external connection registration terminal can pass through Internet public networks or mobile phone SMS platform accesses Public information issuance server (202) and obtains real time information, and alarm emergency command centre (400) is according to disaster The monitoring and warning letter that scene, alarm emergency commander branch center (500) and mobile alarm emergency commander branch center (600) provide Breath, and the expert and leader for carrying carry-on interactive terminal (700) are combined, collaboration alarm emergency commands branch center (500) and mobile Alarm emergency commander branch center (600) carries out emergency disposal and decision commanding.
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