CN104460609A - Remote monitoring method and system for oil and gas production - Google Patents

Remote monitoring method and system for oil and gas production Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104460609A
CN104460609A CN201410655367.7A CN201410655367A CN104460609A CN 104460609 A CN104460609 A CN 104460609A CN 201410655367 A CN201410655367 A CN 201410655367A CN 104460609 A CN104460609 A CN 104460609A
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production
monitoring
data
hydrocarbons
control signal
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Inventor
龚仁彬
李先奇
汤林
班兴安
李群
曲京
丁建宇
柴永财
王从镔
姚刚
曹戈俊
李金诺
马刚
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China Petroleum and Natural Gas Co Ltd
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China Petroleum and Natural Gas Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201410655367.7A priority Critical patent/CN104460609A/en
Publication of CN104460609A publication Critical patent/CN104460609A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B19/00Programme-control systems
    • G05B19/02Programme-control systems electric
    • G05B19/418Total factory control, i.e. centrally controlling a plurality of machines, e.g. direct or distributed numerical control [DNC], flexible manufacturing systems [FMS], integrated manufacturing systems [IMS] or computer integrated manufacturing [CIM]
    • G05B19/4185Total factory control, i.e. centrally controlling a plurality of machines, e.g. direct or distributed numerical control [DNC], flexible manufacturing systems [FMS], integrated manufacturing systems [IMS] or computer integrated manufacturing [CIM] characterised by the network communication
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P90/00Enabling technologies with a potential contribution to greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions mitigation
    • Y02P90/02Total factory control, e.g. smart factories, flexible manufacturing systems [FMS] or integrated manufacturing systems [IMS]

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Manufacturing & Machinery (AREA)
  • Quality & Reliability (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • General Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Automation & Control Theory (AREA)
  • General Factory Administration (AREA)
  • Testing And Monitoring For Control Systems (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a remote monitoring management method and system for oil and gas production. The internet of things is mainly utilized, by means of sensing, radio frequency, communication and the like, production objects such as an oil and gas well, a metering room, an oil and gas station warehouse and an oil and gas pipe network are comprehensively sensed, production data and equipment state information are managed and controlled in a production command center and a production control center in a centralized mode, oil and gas production process management is supported, and timeliness and accuracy of oil and gas field production decision making are further improved. The system comprises a data acquisition and monitoring subsystem, a data transmission subsystem and a production management subsystem. The data acquisition and monitoring subsystem is arranged on an oil and gas production field, comprises sensors and RTUs or DCSs which are all installed on production equipment, and is used for automatically collecting state parameters of the production equipment and standardizing the state parameters, accuracy of the parameters, equipment identification and equipment attributes so that monitoring data can be formed. The data transmission subsystem is used for transmitting the monitoring data. The production management subsystem is used for conducting production state detection, analysis, diagnosis, prediction and early warning according to the monitoring data.

Description

A kind of method and system of the remote monitoring for production of hydrocarbons
Technical field
The present invention is applied to production of hydrocarbons field, refers to a kind of method and system utilizing technology of Internet of things to realize production of hydrocarbons remote monitoring.
Background technology
At present in production of hydrocarbons field, traditional production of hydrocarbons monitoring and management method uses SCADA technology, is a kind of production run control and scheduling automated system based on computing machine.Build in due to SCADA system and produce in net, near productive unit, cannot remote monitoring be realized; Different productive units, can build different SCADA system, and between system, information is independent, and data can not realize sharing; Due to production of hydrocarbons link well, stand, storehouse, the process units such as pipe network be a closely-related entirety, SCADA system cannot realize association and the oil field integral monitoring of equipment.Along with the development of producing, advanced technology is utilized to realize the demands such as production equipment unmanned, production status remote monitoring, production run linkage analysis extremely urgent.
Summary of the invention
Along with the development of internet and technology of Internet of things, traditional SCADA system is developed into platform of internet of things by the present invention, realizes transformation and the management development of the mode of production.Traditional artificial patrol is become electronics patrol, realizes significantly improving of production efficiency.And any one is local by accessibility to internet for the expanded range of monitoring management, realizes the change of manufacturing management system.
For achieving the above object, the present invention proposes a kind of long-distance monitoring method for production of hydrocarbons, described method comprises: step 1, utilize the sensor, RTU or DCS that are arranged on the production equipment at production of hydrocarbons scene, the state parameter of automatic collection production equipment, and specification is carried out to the degree of accuracy of described production status parameter, parameter and device identification and attribute, form Monitoring Data; Step 2, utilizes Monitoring Data described in wire transmission mode or wireless transmission; Step 3, carries out production status detection, analyzing and diagnosing, prediction and warning according to described Monitoring Data.
For achieving the above object, the invention allows for a kind of long distance control system for production of hydrocarbons, comprising: data acquisition and monitoring subsystem, data transmission sub-system, production management subsystem; Wherein, described data acquisition and monitoring subsystem, be arranged on production of hydrocarbons scene, comprise the sensor be arranged on production equipment, RTU or DCS, for automatically gathering the state parameter of production equipment, and specification is carried out to the degree of accuracy of described production status parameter, parameter and device identification and attribute, form Monitoring Data; Described data transmission sub-system, for receiving and transmitting described Monitoring Data to described production management subsystem; Described production management subsystem, for carrying out production status detection, analyzing and diagnosing, prediction and warning according to described Monitoring Data.
The long distance control system for production of hydrocarbons that the present invention proposes and method utilize the technology such as Automated condtrol, sensing, and a set of holistic approach of design construction and system, comprise following innovative point:
1, framework innovation: adopt distributed, dual network framework, uses unidirection insulation network brake to ensure the security of data, realizes remote monitoring, realize Remote Data Analysis and management at Office Network at production net.The present invention uses this framework to achieve the network integration of Traditional control network and information, and the data that tradition is gathered can be gone directly rear end, carry out the comprehensive analysis of broad sense, application decision, really realizes industrialization and merges with information-based " two change ".
2, production of hydrocarbons monitoring management adopts technology of Internet of things, realizes the long-range of real meaning.From the independent automatic control system of traditional monitor mode, data can not be shared, whole operation area Centralized Monitoring cannot be realized, field, middle-size and small-size station can not realize unmanned management, to Internet of things system by production of hydrocarbons robot control system(RCS), be transferred to Office Network by security means, achieve real remote centralized management.
3, only have locality, circumscribed control system as compared with the past, the present invention has the generalization of internet scope, the feature such as comprehensive.
4, function innovation: production management subsystem can meet various level application demand, from well site, field of standing, operation area, ore deposit, oil gas field company to general headquarters of group company, monitoring, prediction can be realized, manage even decision support.
5, adopt cloud as support platform, software and hardware resources adopts IAAS (Infrastructure-as-a-Service, namely infrastructure serve) technology, platform adopts PAAS (Platform-as-a-Service, namely platform serves) technology.
The application of 6, thing connection device intelligence management, opening cloud computing, Mobile solution, exploitation middleware, ensure that the advance of system.
The long distance control system for production of hydrocarbons that the present invention proposes and method utilize technology of Internet of things, by means such as sensing, radio frequency, communications, object is produced to oil gas water well, metering plant, oil-gas stations storehouse, oil gas pipe network etc. and carries out comprehensive perception, realize production data, status information of equipment is in production command centre and central production control unit centralized management and control, support production of hydrocarbons process management, improve promptness and the accuracy of oil gas field production decision further.Thus realization that can be real is in the state of remote monitoring oil well, adopt an effective measure in time after pinpointing the problems, realize wellblock and middle and small stations factory unmanned, saved the quantity of worker at the production line, realize monitoring management department to move by behind the area of bad environments, greatly improve the working environment of employee.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Accompanying drawing described herein is used to provide a further understanding of the present invention, forms a application's part, does not form limitation of the invention.In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the long distance control system of one embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 2 is the concrete structure schematic diagram of data acquisition and monitoring subsystem in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the concrete structure schematic diagram of production management subsystem in Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is the concrete structure schematic diagram of the data acquisition and monitoring subsystem of another embodiment in Fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is the general frame schematic diagram of the long distance control system of the present invention one specific embodiment.
Fig. 6 A and Fig. 6 B is the schematic diagram of two kinds of remote monitoring patterns of the present invention one specific embodiment.
Fig. 7 is the process flow diagram of the long-distance monitoring method of one embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 8 is the detail flowchart of step 3 in Fig. 7.
Embodiment
Below coordinating preferred embodiment graphic and of the present invention, setting forth the technological means that the present invention takes for reaching predetermined goal of the invention further.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the long distance control system of one embodiment of the invention.As shown in Figure 1, this system comprises:
Data acquisition and monitoring subsystem 10, be arranged on production of hydrocarbons scene, comprise the sensor be arranged on production equipment, RTU (Remote Terminal Unit, remote data terminal) or DCS (Distributed Control System, dcs), for automatically gathering the state parameter of production equipment, and specification being carried out to the degree of accuracy of production status parameter, parameter and device identification and attribute, forming Monitoring Data;
Data transmission sub-system 20, for receive and transmission of monitoring data to production management subsystem 30;
Production management subsystem 30, for carrying out production status detection, analyzing and diagnosing, prediction and warning according to Monitoring Data.
In the present embodiment, data acquisition and monitoring subsystem 10 is deployed in well site, factory to operation area level of standing, and gathers, and realize monitoring function to the data of production scene.
Data transmission sub-system 20 is deployed in well site, factory to operation area level of standing, and realizes well site, the wire/wireless data communication of factory to operation area of standing.Build below operation area and produce net, realize collection and the control of production data.
Production management subsystem 30 can be deployed in nonproductive scene or some large-scale central station factory such as oil gas field company, to meet the monitoring, analyzing and diagnosing, prediction and warning etc. of personnel at different levels to production of hydrocarbons situation.
In the present embodiment, Fig. 2 is the concrete structure schematic diagram of data acquisition and monitoring subsystem in Fig. 1.As shown in Figure 2, data acquisition and monitoring subsystem 10 comprises:
The automatic collecting unit 101 of operational factor, for monitoring and obtaining the production data of production of hydrocarbons related link;
The automatic monitoring means 102 of production environment, for monitoring and obtaining the data such as production environment, combustable gas concentration, toxic and harmful concentration;
The automatic monitoring means 103 of internet of things equipment state, for monitoring and obtaining the mark of internet of things equipment, position, operating state data;
Process automatic monitor unit 104, for monitoring oil well, gas well, confession Injection Well, field, storehouse of standing, collection transmission pipe network, confession note pipe network, Real-time Production Process data.
Data acquisition and monitoring subsystem 10 realizes the particular content that production monitoring comprises and is described in table 1 below, and wherein all items are all monitored in operation area and central station level:
Table 1 production monitoring content
In the present embodiment, data transmission sub-system 20 utilizes wire transmission mode to comprise: Optical Fiber Transmission.
Utilize wireless transmission method to comprise: McWiLL, WiMax, bridge, GPRS, 3G, TD-LTE etc. at least one of them.
By above-mentioned transmission technology, three kinds of networks as described below can be set up:
1, the production net at all kinds of oil gas field well site, production management center, Zhan Chang Surveillance center to operation area, this network is generally production net.
2, from production management center, operation area to the Office Network of oil recovery gas production level of factory production command centre, production scheduling command centre of oil gas field company, this network is generally LAN (Local Area Network).
3, from the Office Network of oil gas field production scheduling command centre of company level to general headquarters of group, this network is generally wide area network.
After building network, set up relevant regulations, the level of security that regulation transfer rate, quality, needs reach, performance requirement etc., realize following functions:
1, the business datum that data transmission sub-system 20 carries comprises: real-time production data, steering order data, vedio data and speech data.
2, the function of data transmission sub-system 20 and architecture design will take into full account that oil gas field has network presence, local physical environment and future development demand.
3, data transmission sub-system 20 should possess the function of monitoring communication connection status automatically, and possesses breakpoint transmission function.Data encryption mechanism to be set up if desired.
In the present embodiment, Fig. 3 is the concrete structure schematic diagram of production management subsystem in Fig. 1.As shown in Figure 3, production management subsystem 30 comprises:
Monitoring Data display unit 301, for receiving and showing Monitoring Data;
Monitoring Data processing unit 302, for carrying out production status detection, analyzing and diagnosing, prediction and warning generation automatic monitoring signal according to Monitoring Data;
Local control module 303, for receiving the external control instruction of operating personnel's input, generates hand monitor signal.
This automatic monitoring signal or hand monitor signal are sent to corresponding data acquisition and monitoring subsystem 10 by data transmission sub-system 20, the duty of the production equipment at production control scene.
In one embodiment, production management subsystem 30 can adopt the technological development production management subsystems such as SOA, WebService, and its functional framework is as follows:
1, production management subsystem provide production run to monitor, produce analyze manage with Diagnosis of Work Conditions, internet of things equipment, video surveillance, Report Server Management, data management, assistant analysis and decision support, system manage, operation management function.
2, production run monitoring realizes oil well monitor, gas well monitoring, for Injection Well monitoring, stand storehouse field information displaying, collection transmission pipe network information display, water supply network information display, injection pipe network information display function, realizes the production object base data related to and the inquiry of historical data, Real-Time Monitoring and alarm of transfiniting, oil gas water well and field, storehouse, station video surveillance.
3, produce to analyze and realize that output is measured, parameters sensitivity analysis, Diagnosis of Work Conditions warning function with Diagnosis of Work Conditions.
4, internet of things equipment management realizes internet of things equipment information retrieval, equipment failure management and internet of things equipment maintenance function.
5, video surveillance realizes video acquisition and control, video display, video analysis warning function.
6, Report Server Management realizes the management of production data report form template, realizes the automatic generation function of production data form, internet of things equipment fault form, system cloud gray model form.
7, data management realizes image data quality management and data integration management function.
8, assistant analysis and decision support realize production of hydrocarbons Internet of Things summary information display function.
9, system management realizes alarm early warning configuration management, user authority management, system log management, data dictionary management function.
10, operation management realizes O&M log management, O&M task management, system backup management, system version controlling functions.
In another embodiment, shown in composition graphs 4, Fig. 4 is the concrete structure schematic diagram of the data acquisition and monitoring subsystem of another embodiment in Fig. 1.Data acquisition and monitoring subsystem 10 is also for receiving and controlling the production equipment duty at production of hydrocarbons scene according to automatic monitoring signal or manual control signal; Wherein, this subsystem also comprises:
Rod-pumped well control module 105, for controlling the start and stop of rod-pumped well according to automatic control signal or manual control signal;
Electric pump well control module 106, for controlling working current, voltage, the frequency of electric pump well according to automatic control signal or manual control signal;
Gas well control module 107, for controlling the shutoff of gas well valve or manual unlatching according to automatic control signal or manual control signal;
Inject control module 108, for controlling aperture or the closedown of injecting valve according to automatic control signal or manual control signal.
In the present embodiment, the particular content that data acquisition and monitoring subsystem 10 realizes Long-distance Control is described in table 2 below, and wherein remote control function all realizes in operation area and central station:
Table 2 Long-distance Control content
In order to more clearly explain long distance control system, be described below in conjunction with a specific embodiment, but it should be noted that this embodiment is only to better the present invention is described, do not form and the present invention is limited improperly.
In this specific embodiment, Fig. 5 is the general frame schematic diagram of the long distance control system of the present invention one specific embodiment.
As shown in Figure 5, data acquisition and monitoring subsystem is arranged on production scene, and production scene comprises individual well, cluster wells, test satellite location, terminal, water-injection plant, multi-purpose station etc.The production equipment of production scene arranges sensor, RTU, DCS etc., gather the production status parameter such as oil pressure, casing pressure, electricity, load, flow, temperature of production scene, and the equipment such as camera, combustible gas detector can be set in production scene, collection site video image, on-the-spot hazardous gas content.
To gather after above-mentioned data by data transmission sub-system, utilize cable network or wireless network to send data to production management subsystem.
Production management subsystem receives data and to go forward side by side row relax, is shown to operation area staff, achieves and produces Real-Time Monitoring, produces to analyze and join equipment control with Diagnosis of Work Conditions, Report Server Management, video monitoring, thing.Meanwhile, staff can carry out the operation of upper station according to staffed station near Contents for Monitoring remote Control Production equipment or notice operation field.
Fig. 6 A and Fig. 6 B is the schematic diagram of two kinds of remote monitoring patterns of the present invention one specific embodiment.As shown in Fig. 6 A and Fig. 6 B, remote monitoring can be divided into two kinds of patterns:
Pattern one: shown in composition graphs 6A, by large-scale central station factory to having all wells under its command, stand, pipeline carries out Centralized Monitoring.
In this scenario, SCADA system build large-scale central station factory in, implements monitor management in Unified Set by the unit (operation area) than its higher level to having production unit under its command.
Pattern two: shown in composition graphs 6B, directly by operation area to unmanned well, stand implement unified monitoring, the large and medium-sized station factory of Attended mode is monitored; In addition, the large and medium-sized station factory of Attended mode also can establish monitoring certainly, monitors unattended well site.
In this scenario, SCADA system build operation area in, can implement monitor management in Unified Set by the unit of higher level (as oil gas field company or general headquarters) to having production unit under its command.
In one embodiment, the long distance control system for production of hydrocarbons that the present invention proposes success is applied at seven oil gas fields, comprise Tarim Oilfield, Xinjiang Oilfield, Southwest Oil etc., the oilfield supervisory administrative authority in Xinjiang region is moved to the city outside 200 kilometers by the desert of bad environments.In actual applications, can the problematic Oil/gas Well of very first time remote discovery take corresponding measure by long distance control system, and suitably reduce worker at the production line's total amount, improve circumstance.
Based on same inventive concept, additionally provide a kind of long-distance monitoring method in the embodiment of the present invention, as described in the following examples.The principle of dealing with problems due to the method is similar to long distance control system, and therefore the enforcement of the method see the enforcement of long distance control system, can repeat part and repeat no more.
Fig. 7 is the process flow diagram of the long-distance monitoring method of one embodiment of the invention.As shown in Figure 7, the method comprises:
Step 1, utilizes the sensor, RTU or DCS that are arranged on the production equipment at production of hydrocarbons scene, automatically gathers the state parameter of production equipment, and carries out specification to the degree of accuracy of production status parameter, parameter and device identification and attribute, forms Monitoring Data.
Step 2, utilizes wire transmission mode or wireless transmission Monitoring Data.
Step 3, carries out production status detection, analyzing and diagnosing, prediction and warning according to Monitoring Data.
In the step 1 of the present embodiment, at least monitor and obtain following data:
Monitor and obtain the production data of production of hydrocarbons related link;
Monitor and obtain the data such as production environment, combustable gas concentration, toxic and harmful concentration;
Monitor and obtain the mark of internet of things equipment, position, operating state data;
Monitoring oil well, gas well, confession Injection Well, field, storehouse of standing, collection transmission pipe network, confession note pipe network, Real-time Production Process data.
In the present embodiment, as shown in Figure 8, Fig. 8 is the detail flowchart of step 3 in Fig. 7.Wherein, step 3 comprises:
Step 31, receives and shows Monitoring Data.
Step 32, carries out production status detection, analyzing and diagnosing, prediction and warning generation automatic monitoring signal according to Monitoring Data.
Step 33, receives the external control instruction of operating personnel's input, generates hand monitor signal.
Step 34, controls the production equipment duty at production of hydrocarbons scene according to automatic monitoring signal or manual control signal.
In the step 34 of the present embodiment, the duty of production control equipment at least comprises:
For rod-pumped well, control rod-pumped well start and stop according to automatic control signal or manual control signal;
For electric pump well, control working current, voltage, the frequency of electric pump well according to automatic control signal or manual control signal;
For gas well, control the shutoff of gas well valve according to automatic control signal or manual control signal; Manual unlatching;
For Injection Well, control to inject valve opening or closed according to automatic control signal or manual control signal.
The long distance control system for production of hydrocarbons that the present invention proposes and method utilize the technology such as Automated condtrol, sensing, and a set of holistic approach of design construction and system, comprise following innovative point:
1, framework innovation: adopt distributed, dual network framework, uses unidirection insulation network brake to ensure the security of data, realizes remote monitoring, realize Remote Data Analysis and management at Office Network at production net.The present invention uses this framework to achieve the network integration of Traditional control network and information, and the data that tradition is gathered can be gone directly rear end, carry out the comprehensive analysis of broad sense, application decision, really realizes industrialization and merges with information-based " two change ".
2, production of hydrocarbons monitoring management adopts technology of Internet of things, realizes the long-range of real meaning.From the independent automatic control system of traditional monitor mode, data can not be shared, whole operation area Centralized Monitoring cannot be realized, field, middle-size and small-size station can not realize unmanned management, to Internet of things system by production of hydrocarbons robot control system(RCS), be transferred to Office Network by security means, achieve real remote centralized management.
3, only have locality, circumscribed control system as compared with the past, the present invention has the generalization of internet scope, the feature such as comprehensive.
4, function innovation: production management subsystem can meet various level application demand, from well site, field of standing, operation area, ore deposit, oil gas field company to general headquarters of group company, monitoring, prediction can be realized, manage even decision support.
5, adopt cloud as support platform, software and hardware resources adopts IAAS technology, and platform adopts PAAS technology.
The application of 6, thing connection device intelligence management, opening cloud computing, Mobile solution, exploitation middleware, ensure that the advance of system.
The long distance control system for production of hydrocarbons that the present invention proposes and method utilize technology of Internet of things, by means such as sensing, radio frequency, communications, object is produced to oil gas water well, metering plant, oil-gas stations storehouse, oil gas pipe network etc. and carries out comprehensive perception, realize production data, status information of equipment is in production command centre and central production control unit centralized management and control, support production of hydrocarbons process management, improve promptness and the accuracy of oil gas field production decision further.Thus realization that can be real is in the state of remote monitoring oil well, adopt an effective measure in time after pinpointing the problems, realize wellblock and middle and small stations factory unmanned, saved the quantity of worker at the production line, realize monitoring management department to move by behind the area of bad environments, greatly improve the working environment of employee.
Above-described specific embodiment; object of the present invention, technical scheme and beneficial effect are further described; be understood that; the foregoing is only specific embodiments of the invention; the protection domain be not intended to limit the present invention; within the spirit and principles in the present invention all, any amendment made, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (18)

1. for a long-distance monitoring method for production of hydrocarbons, it is characterized in that, described method comprises:
Step 1, utilizes the sensor, RTU or DCS that are arranged on the production equipment at production of hydrocarbons scene, the state parameter of automation collection production equipment, and carries out specification to the degree of accuracy of state parameter, parameter, device identification and attribute, forms Monitoring Data;
Step 2, utilizes Monitoring Data described in wire transmission mode or wireless transmission;
Step 3, carries out production status detection, analyzing and diagnosing, prediction and warning according to described Monitoring Data.
2. the long-distance monitoring method for production of hydrocarbons according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described step 1 comprises:
Monitor and obtain the production data of production of hydrocarbons related link;
Monitor and obtain production environment data, combustable gas concentration data, toxic and harmful concentration data;
Monitor and obtain the mark of internet of things equipment, position, operating state data;
Monitoring oil well, gas well, confession Injection Well, field, storehouse of standing, collection transmission pipe network, confession note pipe network, Real-time Production Process data.
3. the long-distance monitoring method for production of hydrocarbons according to claim 1, is characterized in that, in described step 2, described wire transmission mode comprises: Optical Fiber Transmission;
Described wireless transmission method comprises: McWiLL, WiMax, bridge, GPRS, 3G, TD-LTE at least one of them.
4. the long-distance monitoring method for production of hydrocarbons according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, described step 2 adopts distributed, dual network framework, utilizes unidirection insulation network brake to ensure the security of data, realize remote monitoring at production net, realize Remote Data Analysis and management at Office Network.
5. the long-distance monitoring method for production of hydrocarbons according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described step 3 also comprises:
Step 31, receives and shows described Monitoring Data;
Step 32, carries out production testing, analyzing and diagnosing, prediction and warning generation automatic monitoring signal according to described Monitoring Data;
Step 33, receives the external control instruction of operating personnel's input, generates hand monitor signal;
Step 34, controls the production equipment duty at described production of hydrocarbons scene according to described automatic monitoring signal or manual control signal.
6. the long-distance monitoring method for production of hydrocarbons according to claim 5, is characterized in that, described step 34 comprises:
For rod-pumped well, control rod-pumped well start and stop according to described automatic control signal or manual control signal;
For electric pump well, control working current, voltage, the frequency of electric pump well according to described automatic control signal or manual control signal;
For gas well, control the shutoff of gas well valve according to described automatic control signal or manual control signal; Manual unlatching;
For Injection Well, control to inject valve opening or closed according to described automatic control signal or manual control signal.
7. the long-distance monitoring method for production of hydrocarbons according to any one of claim 1-6, is characterized in that, described long-distance monitoring method adopts technology of Internet of things to realize monitoring and the control of the production equipment at production of hydrocarbons scene.
8. the long-distance monitoring method for production of hydrocarbons according to any one of claim 1-6, it is characterized in that, described long-distance monitoring method adopts cloud as support platform, wherein software and hardware resources adopts IAAS technology, described support platform adopts PAAS technology, the application of opening cloud computing, Mobile solution, exploitation middleware.
9. for a long distance control system for production of hydrocarbons, it is characterized in that, comprising: data acquisition and monitoring subsystem, data transmission sub-system, production management subsystem; Wherein,
Described data acquisition and monitoring subsystem, be arranged on production of hydrocarbons scene, comprise the sensor be arranged on production equipment, RTU or DCS, for automatically gathering the state parameter of production equipment, and specification is carried out to the degree of accuracy of described state parameter, parameter and device identification and attribute, form Monitoring Data;
Described data transmission sub-system, for receiving and transmitting described Monitoring Data to described production management subsystem;
Described production management subsystem, for carrying out production status detection, analyzing and diagnosing and prediction and warning according to described Monitoring Data.
10. the long distance control system for production of hydrocarbons according to claim 9, is characterized in that, described data acquisition and monitoring subsystem comprises:
The automatic collecting unit of operational factor, for monitoring and obtaining the production data of production of hydrocarbons related link;
The automatic monitoring means of production environment, for monitoring and obtaining the data such as production environment, combustable gas concentration, toxic and harmful concentration;
The automatic monitoring means of internet of things equipment state, for monitoring and obtaining the mark of internet of things equipment, position, operating state data;
Process automatic monitor unit, for monitoring oil well, gas well, confession Injection Well, field, storehouse of standing, collection transmission pipe network, confession note pipe network Real-time Production Process data.
11. long distance control systems for production of hydrocarbons according to claim 9, is characterized in that, described data transmission sub-system, comprise for receiving described Monitoring Data and transferring to described production management subsystem:
Utilize wire transmission mode or wireless transmission method.
12. long distance control systems for production of hydrocarbons according to claim 11, it is characterized in that, described wire transmission mode comprises: Optical Fiber Transmission;
Described wireless transmission method comprises: McWiLL, WiMax, bridge, GPRS, 3G, TD-LTE at least one of them.
13. long distance control systems for production of hydrocarbons according to claim 12, it is characterized in that, described data transmission sub-system adopts distributed, dual network framework, unidirection insulation network brake is utilized to ensure the security of data, realize remote monitoring at production net, realize Remote Data Analysis and management at Office Network.
14. long distance control systems for production of hydrocarbons according to claim 9, is characterized in that, described production management subsystem comprises:
Monitoring Data display unit, for receiving and showing described Monitoring Data;
Monitoring Data processing unit, for carrying out production status detection, analyzing and diagnosing, prediction and warning generation automatic monitoring signal according to described Monitoring Data;
Local control module, for receiving the external control instruction of operating personnel's input, generates hand monitor signal.
15. long distance control systems for production of hydrocarbons according to claim 14, it is characterized in that, described data acquisition and monitoring subsystem, also for receiving and controlling the duty of described production of hydrocarbons on-site producing devices according to described automatic monitoring signal or manual control signal.
16. long distance control systems for production of hydrocarbons according to claim 15, is characterized in that, described data acquisition and monitoring subsystem also comprises:
Rod-pumped well control module, for controlling the start and stop of rod-pumped well according to described automatic control signal or manual control signal;
Electric pump well control module, for controlling working current, voltage, the frequency of electric pump well according to described automatic control signal or manual control signal;
Gas well control module, for controlling the shutoff of gas well valve or implementing manual unlatching according to described automatic control signal or manual control signal;
Inject control module, for controlling according to described automatic control signal or manual control signal the aperture or closed injecting valve.
17. long distance control systems for production of hydrocarbons according to any one of claim 9-16, is characterized in that, described long distance control system adopts technology of Internet of things to realize monitoring and the control of the production equipment at production of hydrocarbons scene.
18. long distance control systems for production of hydrocarbons according to any one of claim 9-16, it is characterized in that, described long distance control system adopts cloud as support platform, wherein software and hardware resources adopts IAAS technology, described support platform adopts PAAS technology, the application of opening cloud computing, Mobile solution, exploitation middleware.
CN201410655367.7A 2014-11-18 2014-11-18 Remote monitoring method and system for oil and gas production Pending CN104460609A (en)

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