CN104030861B - Blueberry fertilizer special for organic and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Blueberry fertilizer special for organic and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104030861B
CN104030861B CN201410297126.XA CN201410297126A CN104030861B CN 104030861 B CN104030861 B CN 104030861B CN 201410297126 A CN201410297126 A CN 201410297126A CN 104030861 B CN104030861 B CN 104030861B
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blueberry
organic
fertilizer
compost
cake
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CN201410297126.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104030861A (en
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姚照兵
廖玉铭
田耀宁
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云南思创格科技有限责任公司
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The present invention relates to blueberry plantation fertilizer, particularly blueberry fertilizer special for organic.Solve blueberry planting conditions problem.Blueberry fertilizer special for organic, adopts following steps to be prepared: 1. to make vat liquor; 2. composite; 3. breed; 4. compost maturity; 5. degree of becoming thoroughly decomposed is detected; 6. pack is dried.Soil meta-acid can be improved, can ensure again that soil can not harden and affect blueberry plantation, the pouring of minimizing acidic liquid, preservation of fertility by meta-acid simultaneously.

Description

Blueberry fertilizer special for organic and preparation method thereof

Technical field

The present invention relates to blueberry plantation fertilizer, particularly blueberry fertilizer special for organic.

Background technology

Blueberry, species name: blueberry Latin literary fame: SemenTrigonellae English name: Blueberry section belongs to classification: Ericaceae (Ericaceae) Vaccinium (Vacciniumspp.) blueberry (Blueberry), means the meaning of blue berry.One is low shrub, and short pin is wild, and particle is little, but the content of anthocyanidin is very high; The second is artificial culture blueberry, can grow to 240cm high, and fruit is comparatively large, and moisture is more, and anthocyanidin content is relatively on the low side.Containing abundant nutritive ingredient in Blueberry, it not only has good health protection effect, also has functions such as preventing cranial nerve is aging, cardiac stimulant, anticancer vessel softening, enhancing human organism immunity.Blueberry cultivation country is the earliest the U.S., but so far also less than the cultivation history of a century.Because it has higher health value so the fashionable world.One of five large healthy fruit of the World Food Programme's recommendation.There is digestant effect.

Blueberry just can be grown up healthy and sound in acidic medium, pH value the most applicable blueberry growth between 4 ~ 5 of cultivated soil.This problem has perplexed a lot of blueberry fan, because rural area soil pH value is generally between 6 ~ 7, even if the sour earth that birds and flowers market is sold, pH value is minimum also between 5.5 ~ 6.

The plantation of blueberry requires higher to soil, and the pH of suitable soil is 4.0-5.5, and optimum pH is 4.5-4.8, for plant, belong to strong acid.The pH value of soil has star to affect on the growth of blueberry and output.The root system of blueberry is more special, and root system is in threadiness, and unrooted hair, in its natural state, root system and mycorrhizal fungi symbiosis form mycorhiza, and solution blueberry root system is due to the problem of the moisture that do not have root hair and cause and poor nutrient absorption capability.

Summary of the invention

In order to overcome the above-mentioned shortcoming of prior art, the invention provides one and can improve soil meta-acid, can ensure again that soil can not harden and affect blueberry plantation, the pouring of minimizing acidic liquid, the blueberry fertilizer special for organic of preservation of fertility by meta-acid simultaneously.

The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems, blueberry fertilizer special for organic, adopts following steps to be prepared:

1. vat liquor is made: collecting sample in acid soil, vegetable mould is added water according to the ratio of solid-to-liquid ratio 1:4-8 and makes vegetable mould vat liquor, after filtering, obtain vat liquor, add diluted acid and regulate vat liquor pH value to 3.5-4.8, keep 1-3 minute after mixing up pH, obtain the vat liquor of acidifying.

Obtain in selective medium separation growth code and can produce sour bacterium, fungi, actinomycetes.Regulate the diluted acid described in vegetable mould filtrate to comprise not chloride ion-containing mineral acid and the organic acid containing more than 3 and 3 carbon atoms, diluted acid is dilute sulphuric acid or dust technology.Production by biological acid mainly refers to water-soluble but does not have volatile organic acid.

2. composite: to gather blueberry root soil, isolate the Photinia bacterium in mycorhiza, join the bacterium be separated with acid soil in vat liquor composite.

3. breed: the nutriment of 9-12 times of mass ratio of the bacterial classification filtrate after composite and filtrate is uniformly mixed rear outdoor compost, compost 15-30 days, turning 1-3 time; Carry out multiplication culture the same, be conducive to the propagation of microorganism, reduce use humous, reduce production cost, simultaneously for subsequent production provides bacterial classification.

Described nutriment is made up of husk, cake fertilizer and chemical fertilizer, husk: cake fertilizer: chemical fertilizer=6.5 ~ 7.3:2.8 ~ 3.2:0.06 ~ 0.15.

Described cake fertilizer comprises oil cake, cake-shaped rape seed dregs, soybean cake, rapeseed cake, peanut cake, cedar seed cake.

Described husk is rice hulls and/or seed of Job's tears shell.When particle is conducive to more greatly compost and multiplication culture, ventilation heat radiation, bacterial multiplication is even more ideal, avoids high temperature to kill bacterium simultaneously.

4. compost maturity: by the compost matter obtained after propagation, then the nutriment adding itself quality 9-10 times amount proceeds to become thoroughly decomposed, detects the temperature in digest process, starts turning when reaching 50 DEG C, and control compost temperature can not more than 55 DEG C simultaneously.

5. degree of becoming thoroughly decomposed is detected: observe material index:

1) latter temperature that ferments reduces naturally;

2) no longer mosquitos and flies is attracted;

3) tedious stink is not had;

4) due to fungal growth, compost surface adularescent and the attachment of canescence mycelia;

5) composting production presents loose crumb structure;

The compost matter choosing 2-5 different positions carries out becoming thoroughly decomposed the inspection of chemical index:

1) starch must not detect;

2) water-soluble sugar content > 0.1%;

3) the change T < 0.6 of carbon-nitrogen ratio, the change of carbon-nitrogen ratio: T=(terminal C/N)/initial (C/N) evaluate rotten degree, represent become thoroughly decomposed as T < 0.6.

6. pack is dried: detect and become thoroughly decomposed after thing reaches the degree of becoming thoroughly decomposed, heating, drying is piled, and temperature, at 30-50 DEG C, reduces water content to less than 30%, carries out packing airtight preservation.

The present invention has following beneficial effect: the blueberry fertilizer special for organic adopting the application, be mainly used in the improvement of alkaline soil and increase soil nutrient, apply in soil before blueberry plantation, about utilizing the microorganism in fertilizer, the soil of improvement blueberry plantation, reach the requirement of blueberry plantation, simultaneously cause hardening of soil because the left and right of microorganism effectively can avoid directly watering acidic liquid, nor after impact, soil replants other crops.Microbe-derived in the natural woods, convenient sources, difficulty of processing is low.

Adopt the acid fertilizer of the application, utilize acid microorganism to solve surface soil alkalinity to harden, biology is utilized to reach the eubiosis to improve soil, avoid adopting the unfavorable of inorganic fertilizer improvement, adopt this acid fertilizer, can reduce when planting at ordinary times, the frequency of mugineic acid material, improve the security of plantation.After selecting acid microorganism, multiplication culture is carried out to microorganism simultaneously, ensure that postorder is produced, save containing microorganism purchase humous.

Mainly adopt the macrobead things such as husk in nutriment, can ensure that microorganism is in propagation and digest process, ensures good ventilation property, is conducive to the propagation of microorganism like this, improve the working (machining) efficiency of fertilizer, reduce the process period of unit fertilizer.

Embodiment

embodiment 1

Blueberry fertilizer special for organic, adopts following steps to be prepared:

1. vat liquor is made: collecting sample in acid soil, vegetable mould is added water according to the ratio of solid-to-liquid ratio 1:5 and makes vegetable mould vat liquor, after filtering, obtain vat liquor, add diluted acid and regulate vat liquor pH value to 3.8, keep 1-3 minute after mixing up pH, obtain the vat liquor of acidifying.

Obtain in selective medium separation growth code and can produce sour bacterium, fungi, actinomycetes, diluted acid is dilute sulphuric acid.Production by biological acid mainly refers to water-soluble but does not have volatile organic acid.

2. composite: to gather blueberry root soil, isolate the Photinia bacterium in mycorhiza, join the bacterium be separated with acid soil in vat liquor composite.

3. breed: the nutriment of 9-12 times of mass ratio of the bacterial classification filtrate after composite and filtrate is uniformly mixed rear outdoor compost, compost 15-30 days, turning 1-3 time; Carry out multiplication culture the same, be conducive to the propagation of microorganism, reduce use humous, reduce production cost, simultaneously for subsequent production provides bacterial classification.

Described nutriment is made up of husk, cake fertilizer and chemical fertilizer, husk: cake fertilizer: chemical fertilizer=7:3:1.

Described cake fertilizer comprises oil cake and cake-shaped rape seed dregs.

Described husk is rice hulls.When particle is conducive to more greatly compost and multiplication culture, ventilation heat radiation, bacterial multiplication is even more ideal, avoids high temperature to kill bacterium simultaneously.

4. compost maturity: by the compost matter obtained after propagation, then the nutriment adding itself quality 9-10 times amount proceeds to become thoroughly decomposed, detects the temperature in digest process, starts turning when reaching 50 DEG C, and control compost temperature can not more than 55 DEG C simultaneously.

5. degree of becoming thoroughly decomposed is detected: observe material index:

1) latter temperature that ferments reduces naturally;

2) no longer mosquitos and flies is attracted;

3) tedious stink is not had;

4) due to fungal growth, compost surface adularescent and the attachment of canescence mycelia;

5) composting production presents loose crumb structure;

The compost matter choosing 2-5 different positions carries out becoming thoroughly decomposed the inspection of chemical index:

1) starch must not detect;

2) water-soluble sugar content > 0.1%;

3) the change T < 0.6 of carbon-nitrogen ratio, the change of carbon-nitrogen ratio: T=(terminal C/N)/initial (C/N) evaluate rotten degree, represent become thoroughly decomposed as T < 0.6.

6. pack is dried: detect and become thoroughly decomposed after thing reaches the degree of becoming thoroughly decomposed, heating, drying is piled, and temperature, at 30-50 DEG C, reduces water content to less than 30%, carries out packing airtight preservation.

Test objective: the impact root soil of potted plant blueberry and blueberry grown by the experiment investigation blueberry organic fertilizer special of different treatment.

Test materials: laterite, blueberry organic fertilizer special, full element water soluble fertilizer, flowerpot

For examination blueberry kind: star and Sharp's indigo plant;

Test process: 1. this test carries out when changing basin to the seedling of four strains blueberry cutting survival.Select the uniform 40 basin blueberry seedlings of growing way, process 20 basins, contrast 20 basins, carefully the seedling survived is taken out from basin cover, and as far as possible original matrix is shaked off.

2. adopt matrix: soil=1:1, carry out dress basin.

3. process every basin and add blueberry organic fertilizer special 50 grams.

4. full element water soluble fertilizer is unified fertilising.

Treatment effect: 1, star, potted plant compared to contrast in process of growth, leaf color is more green, and green more pure, whole strain blueberry leaf entirety all solid colours, and overall plant is more dense, and growing way is very prosperous; Contrast potted plant color inconsistent, and part colours is partially yellow, integral color is irregular to differ, and surviving rate increases about 3%.

2, Sharp is blue, compare according to potted plant in process of growth, long longer of the trunk of plant, the build of plant and highly all potted plant apparently higher than contrast, leaf is also very large, and that is about the three times sizes that leaf can have contrast potted plant shorten growth cycle, obtain effect better, surviving rate increases by 3%.

embodiment 2

The preparation method of blueberry fertilizer special for organic, comprises the following steps:

1. vat liquor is made: collecting sample in acid soil, vegetable mould is added water according to the ratio of solid-to-liquid ratio 1:7 and makes vegetable mould vat liquor, after filtering, obtain vat liquor, add diluted acid and regulate vat liquor pH value to 3.8, keep 1-3 minute after mixing up pH, obtain the vat liquor of acidifying.

Adopt selective medium to be separated in growth code and can produce sour bacterium, fungi, actinomycetes.Regulate the diluted acid described in vegetable mould filtrate to comprise not chloride ion-containing mineral acid and the organic acid containing more than 3 and 3 carbon atoms, diluted acid is dust technology.Production by biological acid mainly refers to water-soluble but does not have volatile organic acid.

2. composite: to gather blueberry root soil, isolate the Photinia bacterium in mycorhiza, join the bacterium be separated with acid soil in vat liquor composite.

3. breed: the nutriment of 9-12 times of mass ratio of the bacterial classification filtrate after composite and filtrate is uniformly mixed rear outdoor compost, compost 15-30 days, turning 1-3 time; Carry out multiplication culture the same, be conducive to the propagation of microorganism, reduce use humous, reduce production cost, simultaneously for subsequent production provides bacterial classification.

Described nutriment is made up of husk, cake fertilizer and chemical fertilizer, husk: cake fertilizer: chemical fertilizer=6.8:3:0.12.

Described cake fertilizer comprises oil cake, cake-shaped rape seed dregs, soybean cake, rapeseed cake, peanut cake, cedar seed cake.

Described husk is seed of Job's tears shell.When particle is conducive to more greatly compost and multiplication culture, ventilation heat radiation, bacterial multiplication is even more ideal, avoids high temperature to kill bacterium simultaneously.

4. compost maturity: by the compost matter obtained after propagation, then the nutriment adding itself quality 9-10 times amount proceeds to become thoroughly decomposed, detects the temperature in digest process, starts turning when reaching 50 DEG C, and control compost temperature can not more than 55 DEG C simultaneously.

5. degree of becoming thoroughly decomposed is detected: observe material index:

1) latter temperature that ferments reduces naturally;

2) no longer mosquitos and flies is attracted;

3) tedious stink is not had;

4) due to fungal growth, compost surface adularescent and the attachment of canescence mycelia;

5) composting production presents loose crumb structure;

The compost matter choosing 2-5 different positions carries out becoming thoroughly decomposed the inspection of chemical index:

1) starch must not detect;

2) water-soluble sugar content > 0.1%;

3) the change T < 0.6 of carbon-nitrogen ratio, the change of carbon-nitrogen ratio: T=(terminal C/N)/initial (C/N) evaluate rotten degree, represent become thoroughly decomposed as T < 0.6.

6. pack is dried: detect and become thoroughly decomposed after thing reaches the degree of becoming thoroughly decomposed, heating, drying is piled, and temperature, at 30-50 DEG C, reduces water content to less than 30%, carries out packing airtight preservation.

Test objective: the impact root soil of potted plant blueberry and blueberry grown by the experiment investigation blueberry organic fertilizer special of different treatment.

Test objective: the impact root soil of potted plant blueberry and blueberry grown by the experiment investigation blueberry organic fertilizer special of different treatment.

Test materials: laterite, blueberry organic fertilizer special, full element water soluble fertilizer, flowerpot

For examination blueberry kind: magnificent and Mi Sidi;

Test process: 1. this test carries out when changing basin to the seedling of four strains blueberry cutting survival.Select the uniform 40 basin blueberry seedlings of growing way, process 20 basins, contrast 20 basins, carefully the seedling survived is taken out from basin cover, and as far as possible original matrix is shaked off.

2. adopt matrix: soil=1:1, carry out dress basin.

3. process every basin and add blueberry organic fertilizer special 50 grams.

4. full element water soluble fertilizer is unified fertilising.

Treatment effect: 1, magnificent, compares according to potted plant in process of growth, long longer of the trunk of plant, the build of plant and highly all potted plant apparently higher than contrast, leaf is also very large, and the ripening stage is short, and fruit easily departs from, output is higher, and fruit is more full, and surviving rate improves 5%.

2, Mi Sidi, compare in process of growth according to potted plant, trunk is more strong, and length is higher, and same time grows, and surviving rate is very high, improves 2%.

Claims (6)

1. blueberry fertilizer special for organic, adopts following steps to be prepared:
1. vat liquor is made: collecting sample in acid soil, vegetable mould is added water according to the ratio of solid-to-liquid ratio 1:4-8 and makes vegetable mould vat liquor, after filtering, obtain vat liquor, add diluted acid and regulate vat liquor pH value to 3.5-4.8, keep 1-3 minute after mixing up pH, obtain the vat liquor of acidifying;
2. composite: to gather blueberry root soil, isolate the brier class mycorhiza in mycorhiza, join the bacterium be separated with acid soil in vat liquor composite;
3. breed: the nutriment of 9-12 times of mass ratio of the bacterial classification filtrate after composite and filtrate is uniformly mixed rear outdoor compost, compost 15-30 days, turning 1-3 time; Carry out multiplication culture;
4. compost maturity: by the compost matter obtained after propagation, then the nutriment adding itself quality 9-10 times amount proceeds to become thoroughly decomposed, detects the temperature in digest process, starts turning when reaching 50 DEG C, and control compost temperature can not more than 55 DEG C simultaneously;
5. degree of becoming thoroughly decomposed is detected: observe material index:
1) latter temperature that ferments reduces naturally;
2) no longer mosquitos and flies is attracted;
3) tedious stink is not had;
4) due to fungal growth, compost surface adularescent and the attachment of canescence mycelia;
5) composting production presents loose crumb structure;
The compost matter choosing 2-5 different positions carries out becoming thoroughly decomposed the inspection of chemical index:
1) starch must not detect;
2) water-soluble sugar content > 0.1%;
3) the change T < 0.6 of carbon-nitrogen ratio, the change of carbon-nitrogen ratio: T=(terminal C/N)/initial (C/N) evaluate rotten degree, represent become thoroughly decomposed as T < 0.6;
6. pack is dried: detect and become thoroughly decomposed after thing reaches the degree of becoming thoroughly decomposed, heating, drying is piled, and temperature, at 30-50 DEG C, reduces water content to less than 30%, carries out packing airtight preservation.
2. blueberry fertilizer special for organic as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described step nutriment is 3. made up of husk, cake fertilizer and chemical fertilizer, husk: cake fertilizer: chemical fertilizer=6.5 ~ 7.3:2.8 ~ 3.2:0.06 ~ 0.15.
3. blueberry fertilizer special for organic as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that: described step 3. in cake fertilizer be soybean cake and/or rapeseed cake and/or peanut cake and/or cedar seed cake.
4. blueberry fertilizer special for organic as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that: described husk is rice hulls and/or seed of Job's tears shell.
5. blueberry fertilizer special for organic as claimed in claim 3, is characterized in that: described husk is rice hulls and/or seed of Job's tears shell.
6. the blueberry fertilizer special for organic as described in any one of claim 1-5, is characterized in that: described step 1. in diluted acid be dilute sulphuric acid or dust technology.
CN201410297126.XA 2014-06-28 2014-06-28 Blueberry fertilizer special for organic and preparation method thereof CN104030861B (en)

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CN104255270A (en) * 2014-10-11 2015-01-07 云南金沃科技有限公司 Blueberry planting moist soil formula and use method thereof
CN104292050A (en) * 2014-10-15 2015-01-21 合肥江氏农业科技有限公司 Special composite coated fertilizer for blueberry base fertilizer and preparation method of special composite coated fertilizer
CN104292051A (en) * 2014-10-15 2015-01-21 合肥江氏农业科技有限公司 Coated fertilizer for high-efficiency high-quality yield increase of blueberry and preparation method thereof
CN104478499A (en) * 2014-11-14 2015-04-01 陕西理工学院 Blueberry plantation acidic organic fertilizer and preparation method
CN104381079B (en) * 2014-11-18 2016-01-06 黎胜国 A kind of blueberry industrial production method
CN106045760A (en) * 2016-05-27 2016-10-26 句容市农业技术推广中心 Special fertilizer for blueberries and preparation method of special fertilizer
CN105884465A (en) * 2016-06-16 2016-08-24 成都森洁商贸有限公司 Preparation method of humus for blueberry seedling cultivation
CN106278559A (en) * 2016-07-29 2017-01-04 安徽徽王农业有限公司 The preparation method of blue berry Chinese herbal medicine organic fertilizer

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CN102807458A (en) * 2012-06-08 2012-12-05 上海慧塔实业有限公司 Preparation special for planting blueberries and preparation process for preparation
KR101300240B1 (en) * 2011-05-23 2013-08-27 청화산영농조합법인 manufacturing method of organic fertilizer for blueberry
CN103396262A (en) * 2013-07-24 2013-11-20 青岛蓝莓生物科技有限公司 Special soil improvement agent for blueberry planting
CN103613419A (en) * 2013-11-29 2014-03-05 江西省农业科学院土壤肥料与资源环境研究所 Method for producing organic fertilizer by mixing and composting microbial inoculum fermentation fungi residue and pig manure
CN103641569A (en) * 2013-12-13 2014-03-19 耒阳市蔡伦现代农业科技园开发有限公司 Preparation method of special additional fertilizer for blueberries

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101993829A (en) * 2009-08-25 2011-03-30 吉林师范大学 Composite microbial agent
KR101300240B1 (en) * 2011-05-23 2013-08-27 청화산영농조합법인 manufacturing method of organic fertilizer for blueberry
CN102807458A (en) * 2012-06-08 2012-12-05 上海慧塔实业有限公司 Preparation special for planting blueberries and preparation process for preparation
CN103396262A (en) * 2013-07-24 2013-11-20 青岛蓝莓生物科技有限公司 Special soil improvement agent for blueberry planting
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