A kind of brick equipment of rapid shaping special form brick and its method
The present invention relates to a kind of brick equipment, specifically refer to a kind of brick equipment of rapid shaping special form brick and its method.
At present, brick equipment generally comprises slab feeding mechanism, brick-making shaping machine (comprises frame, shaking table, feeding machine
Structure), fragment of brick drive mechanism, stacking mechanism and self-con-tained unit, brick-making shaping machine, slab feeding mechanism, fragment of brick drive mechanism and stacking machine
The work schedule of structure is controlled by self-con-tained unit.Slab feeding mechanism located at the rear end of brick-making shaping machine, for will be flat
Supporting plate is sent on the workbench below brick-making shaping machine.Feeding machanism is in the rear end of brick-making shaping machine, including storing
Bucket and charge car, for delivering to material in the die cavity being made up of lower mould and the supporting plate of mould；Fragment of brick drive mechanism is located at system
The front end of brick forming machine, for sending workbench by the fragment of brick after the demoulding together with supporting plate；Stacking mechanism is located at fragment of brick drive mechanism
End, for fragment of brick is carried out stacking together with supporting plate.
When brickmaking produces, tabular supporting plate is sent on the workbench below brick-making shaping machine slab feeding mechanism, then, system
The lower mould of brick forming machine drops to and is stacked in one die cavity of formation on supporting plate, and the charge car of feeding machanism is sent on lower mould along guide rail
Side, material is sent in above-mentioned die cavity, and workbench vibration carries out jolt ramming to material, and then the upper mould by being adapted with lower mould is entered
Row vibration moulding.During the demoulding, lower mould is above carried by mould emptier, makes lower mould depart from mould brick block, then above carries upper mould again, just may be used
By fragment of brick drive mechanism, supporting plate and molding fragment of brick are sent.
Described existing brick equipment is only used for producing the building block of traditional brick, as long as will build from mould lower end during the brick demoulding
Block ejection die.And it is directed to the other shaped building block that brick side and bottom surface are in irregular structure, and for example, as shown in Figure 5 one
Plant special-shaped brick, its side has from top to bottom toward tilted inclined plane, and this special form brick using current forming machine is
Cannot realize manufacturing production.
Content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of brick equipment of rapid shaping special form brick and its method, device structure letter
Clean, simple to operate, quick, efficient, gained special form brick high yield rate, for manufacturing a kind of special form brick method of innovation of offer and setting
In order to reach above-mentioned purpose, the solution of the present invention is：
A kind of brick equipment of rapid shaping special form brick, including block machine, send supporting plate to send plate to block machine
Machine, and take out the supporting plate with brick the composite conveyor conveying in block machine；Described block machine mainly includes
Forming frame, the pressure head arranging from top to bottom on forming frame, framed and vibration table, drive this pressure head, framed lifting respectively
Pressure head lifting assembly and framed lifting assembly；Described pressure head and framed between be additionally provided with for by the pressure connecting as one both this
Mould conjoined device；Described vibration table is provided with forming bottom plate, and top two side position of this forming bottom plate is provided with for supporting supporting plate
Supporting table；Described composite conveyor is provided with for the supporting plate with brick is transferred to from described supporting table this composite conveyor
Take board component.
Described pressing mold conjoined device is compacting clamping means, including the seaming chuck clamping seats being arranged on described pressure head, pacifies
Be contained in described framed on low mold frame clamping seats, and be located at the clamping cylinder on this low mold frame clamping seats；Described low mold frame folder
The slot of up/down perforation is offered on tight seat, described seaming chuck clamping seats are provided with a folder down extending across described slot
Plate, the both sides of this clamping plate are provided with the first chuck and the second chuck, and this first chuck is located on described low mold frame clamping seats, and this second
Chuck is arranged on the piston rod of described clamping cylinder.
Described take board component to be the hook arm being movably arranged in described composite conveyor frame, the end of this hook arm sets
There is movable hook；Described hook arm is in transmission connection with gear motor by gear tooth row assembly.
The air blowing being formed around for cleaning described forming bottom plate surface of corresponding described forming bottom plate on described vibration table
Described inflatable body is provided with some blowing nozzles scattering in radiation being directed at described forming bottom plate, this blowing nozzle height
Higher than described forming bottom plate and mouth port be in down slightly be obliquely installed.
Described composite conveyor includes conveying frame, the conveyer belt being located in conveying frame and drives this conveyer belt toward back pass
The chain drive sending.
Brush brick machine is additionally provided with described composite conveyor, the round brush electricity that this brush brick machine includes round brush and drives this round brush to rotate
A kind of brick-making method of rapid shaping special form brick, its processing step is as follows：
Step 10, block machine work, drive framed pressing to be stacked on forming bottom plate by framed lifting assembly action
Form a die cavity, the cloth toward in this die cavity, pushed by pressure head lifting assembly band dynamic head and realize vibration moulding；
Step 20, pressing mold conjoined device action, by pressure head and framed be connected, pressure head lifting assembly action, make pressure head
Entirely lift together with framed and the inside mould brick；
Step 30, send trigger action, send supporting plate to supporting table, pressure head lifting assembly action, make pressure head together with framed and
The mould brick of the inside entirely declines；Pressing mold conjoined device unclamps action afterwards, synchronously carries out the demoulding；
Step 40, composite conveyor take board component action, the supporting plate on vibration table is transferred to compound conveying together with brick
On machine, the supporting plate with brick is transferred out by composite conveyor.
During described step 30 or step 40 are carried out, also the upper surface of forming bottom plate is carried out clearly by blowing method simultaneously
In described step 40, during composite conveyor transfers out the supporting plate with brick, also the brick on supporting plate is cleaned
Debris removal operates.
After such scheme, the present invention having the beneficial effects that with respect to prior art：
First, only forming bottom plate need to simply be introduced in brick equipment of the present invention, by this forming bottom plate and framed during shaping building block
Constitute mold cavity, design the construction of molding backplate surface by flexible transformation, you can obtain arbitrarily designed profiled bottom
The mold cavity of structure, thus the special form brick of the corresponding unique model of molding；
2nd, during stripping operation after molding, the present invention adopts pressing mold conjoined device, by by pressure head with framed be linked to be one
The mode of body, it is ensured that can not ensureing brick when sending supporting plate to connect brick, realizes simplicity, effectively and reliably stripping operation, gained is built
Block high yield rate；
3rd, further, during the supporting plate with brick sent by block machine, can also be by inflatable body synchronization to one-tenth
The upper surface of type base plate is cleared up, and so that the defective material of forming bottom plate is removed clean, it is to avoid to affect because of sizing to do brick next time, carry
Rise building block yield rate.
Fig. 1 is total schematic diagram of special form brick brick equipment of the present invention；
Fig. 2 is the front view of block machine of the present invention；
Fig. 3 is the left view of block machine of the present invention；
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of vibration table part of the present invention；
Fig. 5 is a kind of schematic diagram of special form brick that the present invention manufactures；
Fig. 6 is the axonometric chart of pressing mold conjoined device of the present invention；
Fig. 7 is the side view of pressing mold conjoined device of the present invention；
Fig. 8 is the front view of composite conveyor of the present invention；
Fig. 9 is the top view of composite conveyor of the present invention.
Send trigger 1 block machine 2
Forming frame 20 pressure head 21
Framed 22 vibration tablies 23
The framed lifting assembly 25 of pressure head lifting assembly 24
Hopper 26 truck 27
Composite conveyor 3 conveys frame 30
Take board component 31 hook 311
Gear motor 32 conveyer belt 33
Chain 34 chain wheel set 35
Sprocket motors 36 pressing mold conjoined device 4
Seaming chuck clamping seats 41 clamping plate 411
Low mold frame clamping seats 42 slot 421
Clamping cylinder 43 first chuck 44
Second chuck 45 forming bottom plate 5
Supporting table 6 inflatable body 7
Blowing nozzle 71 brush brick machine 8
Round brush 81 round brush motor 82
With reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description this case is described in further detail.
The present invention relates to a kind of brick equipment of rapid shaping special form brick, as shown in figure 1, main include sending trigger 1, building block
Forming machine 2, composite conveyor 3, pressing mold conjoined device 4 and forming bottom plate 5.
Send trigger 1 located at the rear end of block machine 2, for being sent to flat supporting plate positioned at block machine 2
On the vibration table of lower section.Composite conveyor 3 located at the front end of block machine 2, for the supporting table 6 from block machine 2
Take out the supporting plate with brick and transfer out.
Block machine 2 as Figure 2-3, mainly includes forming frame 20, arranges from top to bottom on forming frame 20
Pressure head 21, framed 22 and vibration table 23, also located at for pressure head lifting assembly 24 (the specially pressure head with dynamic head 21 lifting
Oil cylinder) and for driving the framed lifting assembly (specially demoulding oil jar) of framed 22 liftings.The rear end of block machine 2 also sets
There is feeding machanism (main inclusion hopper 26 and truck 27), for delivering to material by 5 groups of framed 22 and the forming bottom plate of mould
In the die cavity becoming.Pressing mold conjoined device 4 is located between pressure head 21 and framed 22, and role is will to connect as one both this.
As shown in figure 4, forming bottom plate 5 is located on vibration table 23, the upper surface of forming bottom plate 5 is constituted shaping mould 51, example
If desired for the special special form brick of molding such as one of Fig. 5, A, B of Fig. 5 represent the positive and negative angle schematic diagram of corresponding special form brick, should
The side planting special form brick has from top to bottom toward tilted inclined plane, is a kind of special form brick to interlocking for level, then corresponding
As shown in Fig. 4, shaping mould 51 includes some groups of punch corresponding with inclined plane to forming bottom plate 5.Certainly, by converting molding
The structure of the shaping mould 51 of base plate 5, you can the special form brick of other arbitrary structures of molding.
As shown in figure 4, the both sides of vibration table 23 are respectively provided with a supporting table 6, it is used for supporting by the support sending trigger 1 to send
Plate.Composite conveyor 3 is provided with and takes board component 31, for supporting plate is displaced to composite conveyor 3 from supporting table 6.
A kind of brick equipment of the invention described above rapid shaping special form brick, its corresponding brick-making method processing step is as follows：
Step 10, block machine 2 work, and drive framed 22 to push by demoulding oil jar action, framed 22 are stacked in formed sole
One die cavity is constituted on plate 5；Feeding machanism works toward cloth in die cavity and returns (now vibration table carries out pre- shaking by motor) afterwards,
(being vibrated by motor starting) is pushed by ram cylinder band dynamic head 21 simultaneously and realizes vibration moulding；
After step 20, vibration moulding, pressing mold conjoined device 4 action, pressure head 21 and framed 22 are connected, ram cylinder
Action, entirely lifts together with the mould brick of framed 22 and the inside with dynamic head 21；
Step 30, send trigger 1 action, send supporting plate to supporting table 6, ram cylinder action, make pressure head 21 together with framed 22 and
The mould brick of the inside entirely declines；Pressing mold conjoined device 4 unclamps action afterwards, and (concrete operations are by taking off synchronously to carry out the demoulding
Mould oil cylinder action makes mould brick carry out the demoulding on supporting plate, and ram cylinder action afterwards lifts pressure head 21)；
Step 40, composite conveyor 3 take board component 31 action, the supporting plate in supporting table 6 is transferred to compound together with brick
On conveyer 3, the supporting plate with brick is transferred out by composite conveyor 3, be rapidly completed a block forming in this and send operation.
Further, described vibration table 23 corresponds to being formed around for cleaning this forming bottom plate 5 surface of forming bottom plate 5
Inflatable body 7.In this during carrying out above-mentioned steps 30 or step 40, that is, stripping operation or taking board component 31 move
While work, the also synchronous upper surface to forming bottom plate 5 carries out cleaning operation by blowing method.It is beneficial under forming bottom plate 5
Once come into operation, and improve block forming yield rate.Four groups of inflatable bodies 7 in concrete operations, set by forming bottom plate 5 surrounding
Preferably adopt two-by-two one group Air blowing cleaning is replaced in the mode of taking turns to operate, cleaning effect can be made more preferably, also more rapid.Separately
Outward, the forward end position of composite conveyor 3 is also provided with brush brick machine 8, and this brush brick machine specifically includes round brush 81 and drives this rolling
The round brush motor 82 that brush 81 rotates.Carried when mould brick transfers out through brush brick machine 8 by supporting plate, by round brush 81, mould brick is made clear
Cleaning chip effect.
Described have various ways by pressure head 21 and framed 22 modes connecting as one, and such as adopts locking mode, hanging
Mode etc..The preferred embodiment that the present invention is given is to adopt clamping mode, and that is, pressing mold conjoined device 4 is a kind of pressing mold clamping dress
Put, as shown in fig. 6-7, including seaming chuck clamping seats 41, low mold frame clamping seats 42, clamping cylinder 43, the first chuck 44 and second
Chuck 45.Seaming chuck clamping seats 41 are arranged on pressure head 21, and low mold frame clamping seats 42 are arranged on framed 22, and clamping cylinder 43 sets
On low mold frame clamping seats 42.The slot 421 of up/down perforation is offered on low mold frame clamping seats 42, seaming chuck clamping seats 41 set
There is a clamping plate 411, this clamping plate 411 down extends across slot 421.First chuck 44 and the second chuck 45 are located at clamping plate respectively
411 both sides, the first chuck 44 is located on low mold frame clamping seats 42, and the second chuck 45 is arranged on the piston rod of clamping cylinder 43
On.When making disjunctor operation, by clamping cylinder 43 action, drive the second chuck 45 to move toward clamping plate 411 direction, finally pressed from both sides by first
44 and the common clamping jaws 411 of the second chuck 45, it is connected as a single entity in this seaming chuck clamping seats 41 and low mold frame clamping seats 42,
Realize pressure head 21 and framed 22 disjunctor effect.Certainly, when needing after disjunctor to unclamp, only need clamping cylinder 43 reverse operating in the same manner
, simple, reliable, convenient.
Described composite conveyor 3 as Figure 8-9, including conveying frame 30, is located at the conveyer belt 33 conveying in frame 30
And drive this conveyer belt 33 to come and go the chain drive of transmission.This chain drive includes chain 34, the chain being in transmission connection
Wheel group 35 and sprocket motors 36, the two ends of chain 34 connect the two ends of conveyer belt 33.During work, carry movable sprocket by sprocket motors 36
The drive sprocket of group 35 goes to, and via the cooperation of other sprocket wheels of chain wheel set 35, drives chain 34 to be driven, final driving conveying belt 33 edge
Conveying direction moves.By converting sprocket motors 36 driving direction, you can driving conveying belt 33 is made to come and go conveying motion.
Preferably, as shown in figure 8, described take board component 31 to be specially movably arranged on the hook arm conveying in frame 30,
The end of this hook arm is provided with movable hook 311；Hook arm passes through gear tooth row assembly (not shown) and gear motor 32
It is in transmission connection.When taking plate, driven by gear motor 32, via the transmission of gear tooth row group, that is, drive hook arm to extend into backward
Type base plate 5 or the supporting plate back side, and movable hook 311 crosses forming bottom plate 5 or the supporting plate back side and hook, backgear electricity
Machine 32 reverse drive, you can forming bottom plate 5 or supporting plate are taken out.
The shaping mould 51 of forming bottom plate 5 is distributed more tight and has certain altitude.For this structure, preferably as Fig. 4
Shown, inflatable body 7 is provided with some blowing nozzles 71 (being provided with three in diagram) scattering in radiation of be aligned forming bottom plate 5, should
Higher than forming bottom plate 5 and mouth port is in down slightly to be obliquely installed to the height of some blowing nozzles 71.This kind is from top to bottom, radiant type blows
Gas can avoid the iris action of shaping mould 51 well, has given full play to air blowing cleaning function.Certainly add described above
Inflatable body 7, using the mode of taking turns to operate, can make cleaning effect more preferably.
The foregoing is only the preferred embodiments of the present invention, all impartial changes done with scope of the invention as claimed and
Modify, the scope of the claims in the present invention all should be belonged to.