CN104015245A - Special-shaped brick manufacturing device and method - Google Patents

Special-shaped brick manufacturing device and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104015245A
CN104015245A CN201410267290.6A CN201410267290A CN104015245A CN 104015245 A CN104015245 A CN 104015245A CN 201410267290 A CN201410267290 A CN 201410267290A CN 104015245 A CN104015245 A CN 104015245A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
brick
brush
plate
bottom plate
pressure head
Prior art date
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Granted
Application number
CN201410267290.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104015245B (en
Inventor
黄佳忠
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Fujian Qunfeng Machinery Co Ltd
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Qunfeng Intelligent Machinery Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201410267290.6A priority Critical patent/CN104015245B/en
Publication of CN104015245A publication Critical patent/CN104015245A/en
Application granted granted Critical
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B3/00Producing shaped articles from the material by using presses; Presses specially adapted therefor
    • B28B3/02Producing shaped articles from the material by using presses; Presses specially adapted therefor wherein a ram exerts pressure on the material in a moulding space; Ram heads of special form
    • B28B3/04Producing shaped articles from the material by using presses; Presses specially adapted therefor wherein a ram exerts pressure on the material in a moulding space; Ram heads of special form with one ram per mould
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B13/00Feeding the unshaped material to moulds or apparatus for producing shaped articles; Discharging shaped articles from such moulds or apparatus
    • B28B13/04Discharging the shaped articles
    • B28B13/06Removing the shaped articles from moulds
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B17/00Details of, or accessories for, apparatus for shaping the material; Auxiliary measures taken in connection with such shaping
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B3/00Producing shaped articles from the material by using presses; Presses specially adapted therefor
    • B28B3/02Producing shaped articles from the material by using presses; Presses specially adapted therefor wherein a ram exerts pressure on the material in a moulding space; Ram heads of special form
    • B28B3/022Producing shaped articles from the material by using presses; Presses specially adapted therefor wherein a ram exerts pressure on the material in a moulding space; Ram heads of special form combined with vibrating or jolting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B7/00Moulds; Cores; Mandrels
    • B28B7/0097Press moulds; Press-mould and press-ram assemblies

Abstract

The invention discloses a special-shaped brick manufacturing device and method. The special-shaped brick manufacturing device comprises a building block forming machine, a plate conveying machine, a composite conveyor, a pressing die connecting body device, a forming bottom plate, a bottom plate lifting device and a plate taking component arranged on the composite conveyor. During brick manufacturing, a die frame is arranged on the forming bottom plate in an overlapping mode, a cavity is formed, building block forming is carried out, the pressing die connecting body device is matched with the plate taking component, the forming bottom plate is sent out, a supporting plate bears formed bricks obtained by demoulding, and at last, the supporting plate and the bricks are sent out. The device is simple in structure, process operation is easy, efficiency is high, the finished product rate is high, and the innovative device and method are provided for manufacturing of special-shaped bricks.

Description

A kind of brick equipment of special form brick and method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of brick equipment, specifically refer to a kind of brick equipment and method thereof of special form brick.
Background technology
At present, brick equipment generally comprises slab feeding mechanism, brick-making shaping machine (comprising frame, shaking table, feeding machanism), fragment of brick transmission mechanism, stacking mechanism and self-con-tained unit, and the work schedule of brick-making shaping machine, slab feeding mechanism, fragment of brick transmission mechanism and stacking mechanism is controlled by self-con-tained unit.Slab feeding mechanism is located at the rear end of brick-making shaping machine, for flat supporting plate being sent to the workbench that is positioned at brick-making shaping machine below.The rear end of feeding machanism in brick-making shaping machine, comprises storage bin hopper and charge car, in the die cavity forming for counterdie and the supporting plate of material being delivered to by mould; Fragment of brick transmission mechanism is located at the front end of brick-making shaping machine, for the fragment of brick after the demoulding is sent to workbench together with supporting plate; Stacking mechanism is located at the end of fragment of brick transmission mechanism, for fragment of brick is carried out to stacking together with supporting plate.
When brickmaking is produced, slab feeding mechanism is sent to tabular supporting plate on the workbench of brick-making shaping machine below, then, the counterdie of brick-making shaping machine drops to be stacked in and on supporting plate, forms a die cavity, the charge car of feeding machanism is sent to counterdie top along guide rail, material is sent in above-mentioned die cavity, and workbench vibration is carried out jolt ramming to material, then by carrying out vibration moulding with the suitable patrix of counterdie.During the demoulding, mould emptier will be carried on counterdie, makes counterdie be detached into shaped brick piece, and then will on patrix, carry, and just can supporting plate and moulding fragment of brick be sent by fragment of brick transmission mechanism.
Described existing brick equipment can only, for the production of the building block of traditional brick type, need only from mould lower end building block ejection die during the brick demoulding.And for brick side or bottom surface, be the other shaped building block of irregular structure, and for example, the special form brick of a kind of upper and lower interlocking-type as shown in Figure 5, its bottom surface is irregular male and fomale(M&F), and this special form brick adopts current forming machine to realize to manufacture to be produced.
Summary of the invention
The brick equipment and the method thereof that the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of special form brick, device structure is succinct, and technological operation is simple, efficient, yield rate is high, and a kind of method and apparatus of innovation is provided for manufacturing special form brick.
In order to reach above-mentioned purpose, solution of the present invention is:
A brick equipment for special form brick, comprises block machine, send supporting plate to block machine send plate machine, and block machine makes to come and go the composite conveyor of carrying relatively; Described block machine mainly comprises forming frame, and the pressure head, the framed and shake table that on forming frame, arrange from top to bottom drive respectively pressure head lifting assembly and the framed lifting assembly of this pressure head, framed lifting; Described pressure head and framed the pressing mold conjoined device being also provided with for the two connects as one by this; On described shake table, lay forming bottom plate, the position of close described block machine one end of described composite conveyor is provided with base plate lowering or hoisting gear, and this composite conveyor is provided with for described forming bottom plate is transferred to the board component of getting of described base plate lowering or hoisting gear from described shake table.
Described pressing mold conjoined device is compacting clamping means, comprises the seaming chuck clamping seats being arranged on described pressure head, is arranged on described low mold frame clamping seats on framed, and is located at the clamping cylinder on this lower module clamping seats; On described low mold frame clamping seats, offer the slot of up/down perforation, described seaming chuck clamping seats is provided with one and also passes the clamping plate of described slot toward downward-extension, the both sides of these clamping plate are provided with the first chuck and the second chuck, this first chuck is located on described low mold frame clamping seats, and this second chuck is arranged on the piston rod of described clamping cylinder.
The described board component of getting is the hook arm being movably arranged in described composite conveyor frame, and the end of this hook arm is provided with movable hook; Described hook arm is in transmission connection by gear tooth row assembly and gear motor.
Described base plate lowering or hoisting gear is other to be located at for cleaning the brush plate machine of described forming bottom plate upper surface.
Described brush plate machine comprises brush board frame, long row brush, inflatable body and delivery device, described long row brush with brush finish down mode be arranged in described brush board frame, described inflatable body is located at by described long row brush, the push part of described delivery device connects described long row brush and inflatable body, to drive this length row brush and inflatable body to move back and forth.
Described composite conveyor comprises to be carried frame, be located at the conveyer belt in conveying frame and drive the round chain drive transmitting of this conveyer belt.
On described composite conveyor, be also provided with brush brick machine, this brush brick machine comprises round brush and the round brush motor that drives this round brush to rotate.
Described base plate lowering or hoisting gear is a kind of crank lift, mainly comprises elevator platform, is located at lifting body, connecting rod, road wheel, guide wheel and motor on this elevator platform; This lifting body and road wheel are setting up and down, the both ends up and down of this connecting rod respectively movable be articulated on described lifting body and the central shaft of described road wheel on, the intermeshing setting of described road wheel and guide wheel, described guide wheel is connected with described motor-driven via sprocket wheel chain unit.
A brick-making method for special form brick, its processing step is as follows:
Step 10, the action of base plate lowering or hoisting gear, drive forming bottom plate to drop on composite conveyor, by composite conveyor, forming bottom plate is advanced on the shake table of block machine;
Step 20, block machine work, by the action of framed lifting assembly drive framed press to be stacked on forming bottom plate, form a die cavity, toward cloth in this die cavity, by pressure head lifting assembly band dynamic head, press down and realize vibration moulding;
Step 30, the action of pressing mold conjoined device, by pressure head and framed being connected, the action of pressure head lifting assembly, makes pressure head together with whole the mentioning of mould brick of framed and the inside;
The board component of getting of step 40, composite conveyor moves, and the moulding supporting plate on shake table is transferred on base plate lowering or hoisting gear, and the action of base plate lowering or hoisting gear drives forming bottom plate to rise;
Step 50, send plate motor-driven work, send supporting plate to shake table, the action of pressure head lifting assembly, makes pressure head together with the whole decline of mould brick of framed and the inside; Pressing mold conjoined device unclamps action afterwards, synchronously carries out the demoulding;
The board component of getting of step 60, composite conveyor moves, and the supporting plate on shake table is transferred on composite conveyor together with brick and is delivered to forward over base plate lowering or hoisting gear, completes one-shot forming brickmaking.
In described step 40, forming bottom plate is moved by brush plate machine after rising, and by brush and/or blowing method, the upper surface of forming bottom plate is made to cleaning operation back and forth.
Adopt after such scheme, the present invention is with respect to the beneficial effect of prior art:
One, in brick equipment of the present invention, only need the simple forming bottom plate of introducing, during shaping building block by this forming bottom plate with framedly form mold cavity, by flexible transformation, design the structure of moulding backplate surface, can obtain the mold cavity of designed arbitrarily profiled bottom structure, thus the special form brick of the corresponding unique model of moulding;
Two,, after moulding in stripping operation process, the present invention adopts pressing mold conjoined device, by by pressure head and the framed mode being connected, dexterously forming bottom plate is replaced with to supporting plate, realize easy, effectively, stripping operation reliably, gained building block yield rate is high;
Three, forming bottom plate only need arrange single, by getting the ingenious cooperation of board component and base plate lowering or hoisting gear, make supporting plate connect that brick, supporting plate are sent together with brick and forming bottom plate return etc. water operation in order, simple, high efficiency;
Four, further, be arranged in forming bottom plate on base plate lowering or hoisting gear in the process of waiting for the demoulding, can also synchronously to the upper surface of forming bottom plate, clear up by brush plate machine, strengthened effective recycling of forming bottom plate, promote building block yield rate.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is total schematic diagram of special form brick brick equipment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the front view of block machine of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the left view of block machine of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of forming bottom plate of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram of a kind of special form brick of manufacturing of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the stereogram of pressing mold conjoined device of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the side view of pressing mold conjoined device of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the front view of composite conveyor of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is the top view of composite conveyor of the present invention;
Figure 10 is the front view of brush plate machine of the present invention;
Figure 11 is the top view of brush plate machine of the present invention;
Figure 12 is the front view of crank lift of the present invention;
Figure 13 is the side view of crank lift of the present invention;
Label declaration
Send plate machine 1 block machine 2
Forming frame 20 pressure heads 21
Framed 22 shake tables 23
The framed lifting assembly 25 of pressure head lifting assembly 24
Hopper 26 trucks 27
Composite conveyor 3 is carried frame 30
Get board component 31 hooks 311
Gear motor 32 conveyer belts 33
Chain 34 chain wheel set 35
Sprocket motors 36 pressing mold conjoined devices 4
Seaming chuck clamping seats 41 clamping plate 411
Low mold frame clamping seats 42 slots 421
Clamping cylinder 43 first chucks 44
The second chuck 45 forming bottom plates 5
Base plate lowering or hoisting gear 6 elevator platforms 60
Lifting body 61 brace tables 611
Pulley 612 connecting rods 62
Road wheel 63 guide wheels 64
Motor 65 main shafts 66
Brush plate machine 7 brush board frames 70
Long row brush 71 inflatable bodies 72
Delivery device 73 brush brick machines 8
Round brush 81 round brush motors 82
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, this case is described in further detail.
The present invention relates to a kind of brick equipment of special form brick, as shown in Figure 1, mainly comprise and send plate machine 1, block machine 2, composite conveyor 3, pressing mold conjoined device 4, forming bottom plate 5 and base plate lowering or hoisting gear 6.
The rear end of sending plate machine 1 to be located at block machine 2, for being sent to flat supporting plate the shake table that is positioned at block machine 2 belows.Composite conveyor 3 is located at the front end of block machine 2, and the relative block machine 2 of composite conveyor 3 is done to come and go and carried motion, is to come and go to carry forming bottom plate 5 on the one hand, is that the fragment of brick after the demoulding is sent to shake table together with supporting plate on the other hand.
Block machine 2 as Figure 2-3, mainly comprise forming frame 20, the pressure head 21 arranging from top to bottom on forming frame 20, framed 22 and shake table 23, is also located at for the pressure head lifting assembly 24 with dynamic head 21 liftings (being specially pressure head oil cylinder) with for driving the framed lifting assembly (being specially demoulding oil jar) of framed 22 liftings.The rear end of block machine 2 is also provided with feeding machanism (mainly comprising hopper 25 and truck 26), in the die cavity forming for framed 22 and the forming bottom plate 5 of material being delivered to by mould.
Pressing mold conjoined device 4 is located at pressure head 21 and framed 22, and role is that the two connects as one by this.During forming bottom plate 5 work, be placed on shake table 23, while not working, be displaced on base plate lowering or hoisting gear 6.Base plate lowering or hoisting gear 6 is located at the position of close block machine 2 one end of composite conveyor 3.Composite conveyor 3 is provided with gets board component 31, for forming bottom plate 5 is displaced to base plate lowering or hoisting gear 6 from shake table 23; Forming bottom plate 6 is displaced to shake table 23 from base plate lowering or hoisting gear 6 and relies on the past rear end of composite conveyor 3 to carry.The upper surface of forming bottom plate 5 forms shaping mould 51, for example need moulding as a kind of special form brick in Fig. 5, the A of Fig. 5, B represent top, the bottom surface angle schematic diagram of corresponding a kind of special form brick, the end face of this kind of special form brick and bottom surface form contrary concaveconvex structure, special form brick for a kind of upper and lower interlocking-type, as shown in Figure 4, shaping mould 51 comprises some groups and the similar punch of top surface structure to corresponding forming bottom plate 5.Certainly, by converting the structure of the shaping mould 51 of forming bottom plate 5, the i.e. special form brick of plastic other arbitrary structures.
The brick equipment of a kind of special form brick of the invention described above, its corresponding brick-making method processing step is as follows:
Step 10, forming bottom plate 5 initial placement are on base plate lowering or hoisting gear 6,6 actions of base plate lowering or hoisting gear, drive forming bottom plate 5 to drop on composite conveyor 3, by composite conveyor 3, make oppositely (backward) conveying operations, the forming bottom plate on it 5 is advanced on the shake table 22 of block machine 2;
2 work of step 20, block machine, drive framed 22 to press down by demoulding oil jar action, and framed 22 are stacked in and on forming bottom plate 5, form a die cavity; Feeding machanism work is afterwards toward cloth in die cavity and return (now shake table oil motor shakes in advance), presses down (oil motor Vibration on Start-up simultaneously) realize vibration moulding by pressure head oil cylinder band dynamic head 21;
After step 30, vibration moulding, pressing mold conjoined device 4 action, is connected pressure head 21 and framed 22, pressure head cylinder action, with dynamic head 21 together with framed 22 and whole mentioning of mould brick of the inside;
The board component 31 of getting of step 40, composite conveyor 3 moves, and the moulding supporting plate 5 on shake table 23 is taken out and is transferred on base plate lowering or hoisting gear 6, and 6 actions of base plate lowering or hoisting gear drive forming bottom plates 5 to rise;
Step 50, when carry out step 40, send plate machine 1 action, send supporting plate to shake table 23, pressure head cylinder action, makes pressure head 21 together with framed 22 and the whole decline of mould brick of the inside; Pressing mold conjoined device 4 unclamps action afterwards, synchronously carries out the demoulding (concrete operations are to make mould brick carry out the demoulding on supporting plate by demoulding oil jar action, and pressure head cylinder action is mentioned pressure head 21 afterwards);
The board component 31 of getting of step 60, composite conveyor 3 moves, and the supporting plate on shake table 23 is transferred on composite conveyor 3 together with brick and is delivered to forward over base plate lowering or hoisting gear 6, in this, completes a block forming operation.
Further, other being also located at for cleaning the brush plate machine 7 of forming bottom plate 5 upper surfaces of described base plate lowering or hoisting gear 6.In this, in above-mentioned steps 40, after forming bottom plate 5 rises, by brush plate machine 7, moved, by brush and/or blowing method, the upper surface of forming bottom plate 5 is made to cleaning operation back and forth, be beneficial to forming bottom plate 5 and come into operation next time, and improve block forming yield rate.In addition, the forward end position of composite conveyor 3 can also be provided with brush brick machine 8, the round brush motor 82 that this brush brick machine specifically comprises round brush 81 and drives this round brush 81 to rotate.When carrying mould brick and transfer out by supporting plate, through brush brick machine 8, by 81 pairs of mould bricks of round brush, do the effect of cleaning brick forward.
Described have various ways by pressure head 21 and framed 22 modes that connect as one, such as adopting locking mode, suspending way etc.The preferred embodiment that the present invention provides is to adopt clamping mode, and pressing mold conjoined device 4 is a kind of compacting clamping means, as shown in Fig. 6-7, comprises seaming chuck clamping seats 41, low mold frame clamping seats 42, clamping cylinder 43, the first chuck 44 and the second chuck 45.Seaming chuck clamping seats 41 is arranged on pressure head 21, and low mold frame clamping seats 42 is arranged on framed 22, and clamping cylinder 43 is located on low mold frame clamping seats 42.On low mold frame clamping seats 42, offer the slot 421 of up/down perforation, seaming chuck clamping seats 41 is provided with clamping plate 411, and these clamping plate 411 are toward downward-extension and through slot 421.The first chuck 44 and the second chuck 45 lay respectively at the both sides of clamping plate 411, and the first chuck 44 is located on low mold frame clamping seats 42, and the second chuck 45 is arranged on the piston rod of clamping cylinder 43.While doing disjunctor operation, by clamping cylinder 43, moved, drive the second chuck 45 to move toward clamping plate 411 directions, finally by the first chuck 44 and the common clamping jaws 411 of the second chuck 45, in this seaming chuck clamping seats 41 and low mold frame clamping seats 42, be connected as a single entity, realize the disjunctor effect of pressure head 21 and framed 22.Certainly, while needing to unclamp after disjunctor, in like manner only need clamping cylinder 43 reverse operatings, simple, reliable, convenient.
Described composite conveyor 3 as Figure 8-9, comprises and carries frame 30, is located at the conveyer belt 33 in conveying frame 30 and drives this conveyer belt 33 to come and go the chain drive transmitting.This chain drive comprises chain 34, chain wheel set 35 and the sprocket motors 36 being in transmission connection, and the two ends of chain 34 connect the two ends of conveyer belt 33.During work, by sprocket motors 36, drive the drive sprocket of chain wheel set 35 to forward to, via chain wheel set 35 other sprocket wheels, coordinate, drive chain 34 transmissions, final driving conveying belt 33 moves along throughput direction.By transformation chain turbin generator 36 driving directions, can do to come and go conveying motion by driving conveying belt 33.
Preferably, as shown in Figure 8, described in get board component 31 and be specially and be movably arranged on the hook arm of carrying in frame 30, the end of this hook arm is provided with movable hook 311; Hook arm is in transmission connection by gear tooth row assembly (not shown) and gear motor 32.While getting plate, by gear motor 32, driven, via the transmission of gear tooth row group, drive hook arm to extend forming bottom plate 5 or the supporting plate back side backward, and movable hook 311 is crossed forming bottom plate 5 or the supporting plate back side and is hooked, gear motor 32 reverse drive, can take out forming bottom plate 5 or supporting plate afterwards.
Preferably, described brush plate machine 7, as shown in Figure 10-11, comprises brush board frame 70, long row brush 71, inflatable body 72 and delivery device 73.Long row brush 71 with brush finish down mode be arranged in brush board frame 70, it is other that inflatable body 72 is located at long row brush 71, the push part of delivery device 73 connects long row brush 71 and inflatable body 72, thereby drives this length row brush 71 and inflatable body 72 to move back and forth.Long row brush 71 plays cleaning effect, and inflatable body 72 plays the rear cleaning effect of cleaning, and the two cooperatively interacts, and can realize forming bottom plate 5 is carried out to good cleaning action.
Preferably, described base plate lowering or hoisting gear 6, as shown in Figure 12-13, for a kind of crank lift, mainly comprises elevator platform 60, is located at lifting body 61, connecting rod 62, road wheel 63, guide wheel 64 and motor 65 on this elevator platform 60.Lifting body 61 and road wheel 63 are setting up and down, the both ends up and down of connecting rod 62 be movably articulated in respectively on lifting body 61 and the central shaft of road wheel 63 on, road wheel 63 and the intermeshing setting of guide wheel 64, guide wheel 64 is in transmission connection via sprocket wheel chain unit and motor 65.During work, by motor 65, driven, via the transmission of sprocket wheel chain unit, drive guide wheel 64 to rotate, thereby drive road wheel 63 to rotate around guide wheel 64 outer ring walkings, via the conjuncted drive of connecting rod 62, can realize lifting body 61 lifting with the lift in height of road wheel 63.Forming bottom plate 5 is supported by lifting body 61, can realize elevating movement with lifting body 61.
Provide in embodiment, the described crank mechanism mainly consisting of lifting body 61, connecting rod 62, road wheel 63, guide wheel 64 is provided with two groups, as shown in figure 13, this corresponding guide wheel 64 of two groups is arranged on same main shaft 66, motor 65 drives this main shaft 66 to rotate by sprocket wheel chain unit, finally drives two suite handle mechanisms to do synchronization lifting.The lifting body 61 of two suite handle mechanisms is provided with for supporting the brace table 611 of forming bottom plate 5.In order to be beneficial to the steady and smooth and easy lifting of lifting body 61, this lifting body 61 is down " work " type structure, elevator platform 60 is provided with two pairs of slide rails that are oppositely arranged between two, described in be down the lifting body 61 of " work " type structure both sides be provided with the pulley 612 that can walk on slide rail.
The foregoing is only the preferred embodiments of the present invention, all equalizations of doing with the claims in the present invention scope change and modify, and all should belong to the scope of the claims in the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a brick equipment for special form brick, is characterized in that: comprise block machine, send supporting plate to block machine send plate machine, and block machine makes to come and go the composite conveyor of carrying relatively; Described block machine mainly comprises forming frame, and the pressure head, the framed and shake table that on forming frame, arrange from top to bottom drive respectively pressure head lifting assembly and the framed lifting assembly of this pressure head, framed lifting; Described pressure head and framed the pressing mold conjoined device being also provided with for the two connects as one by this; On described shake table, lay forming bottom plate, the position of close described block machine one end of described composite conveyor is provided with base plate lowering or hoisting gear, and this composite conveyor is provided with for described forming bottom plate is transferred to the board component of getting of described base plate lowering or hoisting gear from described shake table.
2. the brick equipment of a kind of special form brick as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described pressing mold conjoined device is compacting clamping means, comprise the seaming chuck clamping seats being arranged on described pressure head, be arranged on described low mold frame clamping seats on framed, and be located at the clamping cylinder on this lower module clamping seats; On described low mold frame clamping seats, offer the slot of up/down perforation, described seaming chuck clamping seats is provided with one and also passes the clamping plate of described slot toward downward-extension, the both sides of these clamping plate are provided with the first chuck and the second chuck, this first chuck is located on described low mold frame clamping seats, and this second chuck is arranged on the piston rod of described clamping cylinder.
3. the brick equipment of a kind of special form brick as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described in to get board component be the hook arm being movably arranged in described composite conveyor frame, the end of this hook arm is provided with movable hook; Described hook arm is in transmission connection by gear tooth row assembly and gear motor.
4. the brick equipment of a kind of special form brick as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described base plate lowering or hoisting gear is other to be located at for cleaning the brush plate machine of described forming bottom plate upper surface.
5. the brick equipment of a kind of special form brick as claimed in claim 4, it is characterized in that: described brush plate machine comprises brush board frame, long row brush, inflatable body and delivery device, described long row brush with brush finish down mode be arranged in described brush board frame, described inflatable body is located at by described long row brush, the push part of described delivery device connects described long row brush and inflatable body, to drive this length row brush and inflatable body to move back and forth.
6. the brick equipment of a kind of special form brick as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described composite conveyor comprises to be carried frame, be located at the conveyer belt in conveying frame and drive the round chain drive transmitting of this conveyer belt.
7. the brick equipment of a kind of special form brick as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: on described composite conveyor, be also provided with brush brick machine, this brush brick machine comprises round brush and the round brush motor that drives this round brush to rotate.
8. the brick equipment of a kind of special form brick as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described base plate lowering or hoisting gear is a kind of crank lift, mainly comprises elevator platform, is located at lifting body, connecting rod, road wheel, guide wheel and motor on this elevator platform; This lifting body and road wheel are setting up and down, the both ends up and down of this connecting rod respectively movable be articulated on described lifting body and the central shaft of described road wheel on, the intermeshing setting of described road wheel and guide wheel, described guide wheel is connected with described motor-driven via sprocket wheel chain unit.
9. a brick-making method for special form brick, is characterized in that, respective rights requires a kind of brick equipment described in 1, and processing step is as follows:
Step 10, the action of base plate lowering or hoisting gear, drive forming bottom plate to drop on composite conveyor, by composite conveyor, forming bottom plate is advanced on the shake table of block machine;
Step 20, block machine work, by the action of framed lifting assembly drive framed press to be stacked on forming bottom plate, form a die cavity, toward cloth in this die cavity, by pressure head lifting assembly band dynamic head, press down and realize vibration moulding;
Step 30, the action of pressing mold conjoined device, by pressure head and framed being connected, the action of pressure head lifting assembly, makes pressure head together with whole the mentioning of mould brick of framed and the inside;
The board component of getting of step 40, composite conveyor moves, and the moulding supporting plate on shake table is transferred on base plate lowering or hoisting gear, and the action of base plate lowering or hoisting gear drives forming bottom plate to rise;
Step 50, send plate motor-driven work, send supporting plate to shake table, the action of pressure head lifting assembly, makes pressure head together with the whole decline of mould brick of framed and the inside; Pressing mold conjoined device unclamps action afterwards, synchronously carries out the demoulding;
The board component of getting of step 60, composite conveyor moves, and the supporting plate on shake table is transferred on composite conveyor together with brick and is delivered to forward over base plate lowering or hoisting gear, completes one-shot forming brickmaking.
10. the brick-making method of a kind of special form brick as claimed in claim 9, is characterized in that, in described step 40, forming bottom plate is moved by brush plate machine after rising, and by brush and/or blowing method, the upper surface of forming bottom plate is made to cleaning operation back and forth.
CN201410267290.6A 2014-06-16 2014-06-16 Special-shaped brick manufacturing device and method Active CN104015245B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN104015245A true CN104015245A (en) 2014-09-03
CN104015245B CN104015245B (en) 2017-02-01

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109676777A (en) * 2019-01-22 2019-04-26 泉州市益鑫机械科技有限公司 One kind can quantity-produced brick forming machine
CN111347545A (en) * 2020-03-12 2020-06-30 袁国华 High-efficient stable concrete block forming machine for building engineering
CN112123551A (en) * 2020-08-08 2020-12-25 傅海冬 Ecological stone drawing of patterns equipment for building

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CN2164400Y (en) * 1993-07-31 1994-05-11 黄素真 Blank recovering machine for ceramic brick
CN101391434A (en) * 2008-10-25 2009-03-25 段志祥 Mechanical demouding production method of chain building block
CN102514928A (en) * 2012-01-09 2012-06-27 江苏腾宇机械制造有限公司 Automatic loading device of block machine supporting plates
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109676777A (en) * 2019-01-22 2019-04-26 泉州市益鑫机械科技有限公司 One kind can quantity-produced brick forming machine
CN111347545A (en) * 2020-03-12 2020-06-30 袁国华 High-efficient stable concrete block forming machine for building engineering
CN112123551A (en) * 2020-08-08 2020-12-25 傅海冬 Ecological stone drawing of patterns equipment for building

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