CN103950371A - Plug-in type hybrid power tourist bus - Google Patents

Plug-in type hybrid power tourist bus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103950371A
CN103950371A CN201410184041.0A CN201410184041A CN103950371A CN 103950371 A CN103950371 A CN 103950371A CN 201410184041 A CN201410184041 A CN 201410184041A CN 103950371 A CN103950371 A CN 103950371A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
electrical motor
clutch
electrokinetic cell
vehicle
plug
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201410184041.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王少凯
熊良平
洪洋
吴俊�
徐志汉
赵理想
陈顺东
丁传记
李韧
朱鹤
葛飞
李腾
唐伟
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Anhui Ankai Automobile Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Anhui Ankai Automobile Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Anhui Ankai Automobile Co Ltd filed Critical Anhui Ankai Automobile Co Ltd
Priority to CN201410184041.0A priority Critical patent/CN103950371A/en
Publication of CN103950371A publication Critical patent/CN103950371A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/62Hybrid vehicles

Abstract

The invention discloses a plug-in type hybrid power tourist bus. With adoption of a power system framework formed by that an engine is connected with two motors and double clutches as well as a series-parallel control mode, the bus can work under an engine mode, a parallel hybrid power mode, a series hybrid power mode and a pure electric mode, and is suitable for various road conditions such as urban roads, highways and tourist mountainous roads.

Description

A kind of plug-in hybrid tourist coach
Technical field
The invention belongs to mechanical & electrical technology field, the present invention relates to a kind of plug-in hybrid tourist coach, specifically, relate to a kind of plug-in hybrid tourist coach that can charge to vehicle mounted dynamic battery from external power supply.
Background technology
Pure electric vehicle is in the time being applied on intercity road at present, and continual mileage is restricted, and conventional truck is subject to the impact of soaring oil prices, and therefore designing a plug-in hybrid tourist coach will be a kind of welcome vehicle; When vehicle uses as intercity vehicle, drive car load to travel in urban district with electric-only mode, on express highway, use combustion engine, regulate car load power demand with electrical motor simultaneously, make engine operation in the optimum interval of efficiency, ensured the fuel economy of car load, in the time arriving another city, use again electric-only mode to drive car load to travel, realize zero-emission.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome the defect existing in prior art, the invention provides a kind of plug-in hybrid tourist coach, a kind ofly can meet the plug-in hybrid tourist coach moving on intercity road.The power system framework and the series parallel type mode that adopt driving engine to be connected with double-motor+double-clutch, vehicle can work in engine mode, parallel hybrid power pattern, series hybrid mode and electric-only mode, be applicable to city, at a high speed, various road conditions such as tourism mountain area etc.
Its technical scheme is as follows:
A kind of plug-in hybrid tourist coach, comprising: driving engine 1, and described driving engine can be exported driving dynamics; First clutch 2, described power-transfer clutch can separate being connected between binding engine 1 and electrical motor M1; Electrical motor M1, described electrical motor can be exported driving dynamics and generating, start the engine; The first electric machine controller 3, described motor controller controls electrical motor M1 realization output driving dynamics and generating, start the engine function; Second clutch 4, described power-transfer clutch can separate and in conjunction with being connected between electrical motor M1 and electrical motor M2; Electrical motor M2, described electrical motor can be exported driving dynamics and generating; The second electric machine controller 5, described motor controller controls electrical motor M2 realizes output driving dynamics and electricity generate function; Electrokinetic cell 6, described electrokinetic cell can provide electric energy for car load operation; Battery management system 7, described battery management system can detect the various information of electrokinetic cell in real time; Entire car controller 8, described entire car controller is responsible for receiving driving signal, realize driving control to car load, and calculate power consumption rate to be stored in electric energy in electrokinetic cell 6 travelling by only using described electrical motor as drive force source at described vehicle.
Further preferably, the limit demand that described entire car controller is configured to power demand based on described plug-in hybrid tourist coach and torque-demand and electrokinetic cell is differentiated the mode of operation of described motor M 1 and motor M 2, described driving engine 1 turns round to meet the requirement of travelling of described plug-in hybrid tourist coach in response to the limit demand of described power demand and torque-demand and electrokinetic cell, and the maximum of described limit demand based on electrokinetic cell allowed charging and discharging capabilities.
Further preferably, described electrokinetic cell 6 can charge from external charging machine 9, and described entire car controller is by calculating charge capacity from described external charging machine 9 charging currents.
Further preferably, described entire car controller by only the remaining capacity of calculated power consumption rate and electrokinetic cell 6 is calculated at described vehicle with described electrical motor as drive force source is travelled in the situation that can driving distance.
Further preferably, when vehicle is in the time at the uniform velocity travelling at a high speed, described first clutch 2 and second clutch 4 closures, described driving engine 1 drives separately car load operation as propulsion source, electrical motor M1 in described driving engine 1 start-up course as starter motor effect, in the time of braking, as energy feedback electrical generator use, in the time at the uniform velocity travelling, slowly generating is charged to described electrokinetic cell 6.
Further preferably, when vehicle is in the time running at high speed and need to climb, described first clutch 2 and second clutch 4 closures, described driving engine 1 moves as propulsion source parallel drive car load jointly with electrical motor M2, to improve the power-handling capability of car load.
Further preferably, when vehicle is travelling on the scenic spot intermountain highway gradient when larger, described first clutch 2 and second clutch 4 closures, described driving engine 1 moves as propulsion source parallel drive car load jointly with electrical motor M1, electrical motor M2, to reach the power-handling capability of maximum towability raising car load in short-term.
Further preferably, when vehicle operating is in city flat road surface, described first clutch 2 separates and second clutch 4 closures, and when electrokinetic cell 6 electric weight are not finished, car load by motor M 2 separately as power driven, work in electric-only mode, vehicle does not have disposal of pollutants, described entire car controller by only the remaining capacity of calculated power consumption rate and electrokinetic cell 6 is calculated at described vehicle with described electrical motor M2 as drive force source is travelled in the situation that can driving distance.
Further preferably, when vehicle operating is during in gradient road surface, city, described first clutch 2 separates and second clutch 4 closures, and when electrokinetic cell 6 electric weight are not finished, car load is driven as propulsion source jointly by electrical motor M1 and electrical motor M2, good hill climbing ability is provided, and car load works in electric-only mode, and vehicle does not have disposal of pollutants.
Further preferably, when vehicle operating is during in urban pavement, described first clutch 2 separates and second clutch 4 closures, and when electrokinetic cell 6 electric weight are not enough, the institute's driving engine of telling 1 participation work, driving motor M1 generating, ensures Vehicle Driving Cycle to electrical motor M2 power supply, carry out appropriateness charging to electrokinetic cell 6, electrical motor M1 uses as starter motor in driving engine 1 start-up course simultaneously.
Further preferably, vehicle can travel with six kinds of mode of operations, and described entire car controller 8 is according to freely switching between the electric weight in described electrokinetic cell 6 and six kinds of patterns of car load operating speed control.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is:
Compared with prior art, power system framework and series parallel type mode that the present invention adopts driving engine to be connected with double-motor+double-clutch, vehicle can work in engine mode, parallel hybrid power pattern, series hybrid mode and electric-only mode, be applicable to city, at a high speed, various road conditions such as tourism mountain area etc.The energy saving optimizing technology of many power drivens coordinate operation system has multiple-working mode and automatically switches tactful; There is low oil consumption anti-emission carburetor, improve car load high efficiency, oil saving, average fuel saving ratio >=40% under the operating mode of city, under express highway operating mode, fuel saving ratio reaches 10%, has reduced the discharge of car load operation cost and tail gas.
Brief description of the drawings:
Fig. 1 is structured flowchart of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is six kinds of mode charts of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention:
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, technical scheme of the present invention is described in more detail.
Can meet the plug-in hybrid tourist coach moving on intercity road, it is characterized in that: comprise driving engine 1, described driving engine can be exported driving dynamics; Power-transfer clutch 2, described power-transfer clutch can separate being connected between binding engine 1 and electrical motor M1; Electrical motor M1, described electrical motor can be exported driving dynamics and generating, start the engine; The first electric machine controller 3, described motor controller controls electrical motor M1 realization output driving dynamics and generating, start the engine function; Power-transfer clutch 4, described power-transfer clutch can separate and in conjunction with being connected between electrical motor M1 and electrical motor M2; Electrical motor M2, described electrical motor can be exported driving dynamics and generating; The second electric machine controller 5, described motor controller controls electrical motor M2 realizes output driving dynamics and electricity generate function; Electrokinetic cell 6, described electrokinetic cell can provide electric energy for car load operation; Battery management system 7, described battery management system can detect the various information of electrokinetic cell in real time; Entire car controller 8, described entire car controller is responsible for receiving driving signal, realize driving control to car load, and calculate power consumption rate to be stored in electric energy in electrokinetic cell 6 travelling by only using described electrical motor as drive force source at described vehicle, as shown in Figure 1.
Electrokinetic cell 6 can charge from external charging machine 9, and entire car controller is by calculating charge capacity from described external charging machine 9 charging currents.And by only the remaining capacity of calculated power consumption rate and electrokinetic cell 6 is calculated at described vehicle with described electrical motor as drive force source is travelled in the situation that can driving distance.
As shown in Figure 1, the maximum of the power demand of entire car controller based on described plug-in hybrid tourist coach and torque-demand and electrokinetic cell allows that charging and discharging capabilities differentiates the mode of operation of described motor M 1 and motor M 2, and control engine 1 turns round to meet the requirement of travelling of described plug-in hybrid tourist coach in response to the limit demand of described power demand and torque-demand and electrokinetic cell.
When vehicle is in the time at the uniform velocity travelling at a high speed, vehicle control unit controls power-transfer clutch 12 and power-transfer clutch 24 closures, driving engine 1 drives separately car load operation as propulsion source, electrical motor M1 in described driving engine 1 start-up course as starter motor effect, in the time of braking, as energy feedback electrical generator use, in the time at the uniform velocity travelling, slowly generating is charged to described electrokinetic cell 6.
When vehicle is in the time running at high speed and need to climb, vehicle control unit controls power-transfer clutch 12 and power-transfer clutch 24 closures, described driving engine 1 moves as propulsion source parallel drive car load jointly with electrical motor M2, to improve the power-handling capability of car load.
When vehicle is travelling on the scenic spot intermountain highway gradient when larger, vehicle control unit controls power-transfer clutch 12 and power-transfer clutch 24 closures, described driving engine 1 moves as propulsion source parallel drive car load jointly with electrical motor M1, electrical motor M2, to reach the power-handling capability of maximum towability raising car load in short-term.
When vehicle operating is in city flat road surface, vehicle control unit controls power-transfer clutch 12 separates and power-transfer clutch 24 closures, and when electrokinetic cell 6 electric weight are not finished, car load by motor M 2 separately as power driven, work in electric-only mode, vehicle does not have disposal of pollutants, described entire car controller by only the remaining capacity of calculated power consumption rate and electrokinetic cell 6 is calculated at described vehicle with described electrical motor M2 as drive force source is travelled in the situation that can driving distance.
When vehicle operating is during in gradient road surface, city, vehicle control unit controls power-transfer clutch 12 separates and power-transfer clutch 24 closures, and when electrokinetic cell 6 electric weight are not finished, car load is driven as propulsion source jointly by electrical motor M1 and electrical motor M2, good hill climbing ability is provided, car load works in electric-only mode, and vehicle does not have disposal of pollutants.
When vehicle operating is during in urban pavement, vehicle control unit controls power-transfer clutch 12 separates and power-transfer clutch 24 closures, and when electrokinetic cell 6 electric weight are not enough, the institute's driving engine of telling 1 participation work, driving motor M1 generating, ensure Vehicle Driving Cycle to electrical motor M2 power supply, carry out appropriateness charging to electrokinetic cell 6 simultaneously, electrical motor M1 uses as starter motor in driving engine 1 start-up course.
In a word, the present invention can be according to the electric weight in electrokinetic cell 6 and car load operating speed, controls vehicle and can travel with six kinds of mode of operations, meet be applicable to city, at a high speed, the various road conditions such as tourism mountain area.
The above; it is only preferably detailed description of the invention of the present invention; protection scope of the present invention is not limited to this; any be familiar with those skilled in the art the present invention disclose technical scope in, the simple change of the technical scheme that can obtain apparently or equivalence replace all fall within the scope of protection of the present invention.
As shown in Figure 2, six kinds of mode of operations of the present invention:
Pattern 1, vehicle launch move in city, the independent drive pattern of motor 2;
Pattern 2, city climbing, motor 1 and motor 2 parallel drive patterns;
When mode 3, city are travelled to battery electric quantity deficiency, driven by engine motor 1 generates electricity, the independent drive pattern of motor 2;
When pattern 4, express highway operation, driving engine and motor 1 parallel drive pattern;
When pattern 5, express highway climbing, the joyful motor 2 parallel drive patterns of driving engine;
When pattern 6, express highway are climbed slope or intermountain road running, driving engine and motor 1, motor 2 parallel drive patterns.

Claims (10)

1. a plug-in hybrid tourist coach, is characterized in that, comprising: driving engine (1), and described driving engine can be exported driving dynamics; First clutch (2), described power-transfer clutch can separate and binding engine (1) and electrical motor M1 between be connected; Electrical motor M1, described electrical motor can be exported driving dynamics and generating, start the engine; The first electric machine controller (3), described motor controller controls electrical motor M1 realization output driving dynamics and generating, start the engine function; Second clutch (4), described power-transfer clutch can separate and in conjunction with being connected between electrical motor M1 and electrical motor M2; Electrical motor M2, described electrical motor can be exported driving dynamics and generating; The second electric machine controller (5), described motor controller controls electrical motor M2 realizes output driving dynamics and electricity generate function; Electrokinetic cell (6), described electrokinetic cell can provide electric energy for car load operation; Battery management system (7), described battery management system can detect the various information of electrokinetic cell in real time; Entire car controller (8), described entire car controller is responsible for receiving driving signal, realize driving control to car load, and calculate power consumption rate to be stored in electric energy in electrokinetic cell (6) travelling by only using described electrical motor as drive force source at described vehicle.
2. plug-in hybrid tourist coach according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the limit demand that described entire car controller is configured to power demand based on described plug-in hybrid tourist coach and torque-demand and electrokinetic cell is differentiated the mode of operation of described motor M 1 and motor M 2, described driving engine (1) turns round to meet the requirement of travelling of described plug-in hybrid tourist coach in response to the limit demand of described power demand and torque-demand and electrokinetic cell, the maximum of described limit demand based on electrokinetic cell allowed charging and discharging capabilities.
3. plug-in hybrid tourist coach according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described entire car controller by only the remaining capacity of calculated power consumption rate and electrokinetic cell (6) is calculated at described vehicle with described electrical motor as drive force source is travelled in the situation that can driving distance, described electrokinetic cell (6) can charge from external charging machine (9), and described entire car controller is by calculating charge capacity from described external charging machine (9) charging current.
4. plug-in hybrid tourist coach according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, when vehicle is in the time at the uniform velocity travelling at a high speed, described first clutch (2) and second clutch (4) closure, described driving engine (1) drives separately car load operation as propulsion source, electrical motor M1 in described driving engine (1) start-up course as starter motor effect, in the time of braking, as energy feedback electrical generator use, in the time at the uniform velocity travelling, slowly generating is charged to described electrokinetic cell (6).
5. plug-in hybrid tourist coach according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, when vehicle is in the time running at high speed and need to climb, described first clutch (2) and second clutch (4) closure, described driving engine (1) moves as propulsion source parallel drive car load jointly with electrical motor M2, to improve the power-handling capability of car load.
6. plug-in hybrid tourist coach according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, when vehicle is travelling on the scenic spot intermountain highway gradient when larger, described first clutch (2) and second clutch (4) closure, described driving engine (1) moves as propulsion source parallel drive car load jointly with electrical motor M1, electrical motor M2, to reach the power-handling capability of maximum towability raising car load in short-term.
7. plug-in hybrid tourist coach according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, when vehicle operating is in city flat road surface, described first clutch (2) separates and second clutch (4) closure, and when electrokinetic cell (6) electric weight is not finished, car load by motor M 2 separately as power driven, work in electric-only mode, vehicle does not have disposal of pollutants, described entire car controller by only the remaining capacity of calculated power consumption rate and electrokinetic cell (6) is calculated at described vehicle with described electrical motor M2 as drive force source is travelled in the situation that can driving distance.
8. plug-in hybrid tourist coach according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, when vehicle operating is during in gradient road surface, city, described first clutch (2) separates and second clutch (4) closure, and when electrokinetic cell (6) electric weight is not finished, car load is driven as propulsion source jointly by electrical motor M1 and electrical motor M2, and good hill climbing ability is provided, car load works in electric-only mode, and vehicle does not have disposal of pollutants.
9. plug-in hybrid tourist coach according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, when vehicle operating is during in urban pavement, described first clutch (2) separates and second clutch (4) closure, and when electrokinetic cell (6) electric weight is not enough, the institute's driving engine of telling (1) participation work, driving motor M1 generating, ensure Vehicle Driving Cycle to electrical motor M2 power supply, carry out appropriateness charging to electrokinetic cell (6), electrical motor M1 uses as starter motor in driving engine (1) start-up course simultaneously.
10. plug-in hybrid tourist coach according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, vehicle can travel with six kinds of mode of operations, and described entire car controller (8) is according to freely switching between the electric weight in described electrokinetic cell (6) and six kinds of patterns of car load operating speed control.
CN201410184041.0A 2014-05-04 2014-05-04 Plug-in type hybrid power tourist bus Pending CN103950371A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (5)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104786820A (en) * 2015-04-28 2015-07-22 东风汽车公司 Multi-power input hybrid power driving device
CN105416033A (en) * 2015-12-10 2016-03-23 湖南大学 Stroke increment type hybrid power drive device
CN107120212A (en) * 2017-05-15 2017-09-01 王海斌 Plug-in automobile hydrogen ammonia mixed fuel engine feeding mechanism
CN107225960A (en) * 2017-06-13 2017-10-03 重庆大学 A kind of method of the engine behavior regulation of hybrid electric vehicle
CN109795472A (en) * 2019-03-14 2019-05-24 合肥工业大学 PHEV power distribution online compensation system and method based on road conditions undulate quantity

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CN203485736U (en) * 2013-10-12 2014-03-19 安徽安凯汽车股份有限公司 Plug-in type series-parallel hybrid power driving system

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2888432Y (en) * 2006-05-12 2007-04-11 深圳市五洲龙汽车有限公司 Test bench mechanism for drive system of hybrid electric vehicle
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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104786820A (en) * 2015-04-28 2015-07-22 东风汽车公司 Multi-power input hybrid power driving device
CN105416033A (en) * 2015-12-10 2016-03-23 湖南大学 Stroke increment type hybrid power drive device
CN107120212A (en) * 2017-05-15 2017-09-01 王海斌 Plug-in automobile hydrogen ammonia mixed fuel engine feeding mechanism
CN107225960A (en) * 2017-06-13 2017-10-03 重庆大学 A kind of method of the engine behavior regulation of hybrid electric vehicle
CN109795472A (en) * 2019-03-14 2019-05-24 合肥工业大学 PHEV power distribution online compensation system and method based on road conditions undulate quantity
CN109795472B (en) * 2019-03-14 2020-04-14 合肥工业大学 PHEV power distribution online compensation system and method based on road condition fluctuation quantity

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