CN103947563A - Stereo movable sheep collectively-breeding system - Google Patents

Stereo movable sheep collectively-breeding system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103947563A
CN103947563A CN201410134996.5A CN201410134996A CN103947563A CN 103947563 A CN103947563 A CN 103947563A CN 201410134996 A CN201410134996 A CN 201410134996A CN 103947563 A CN103947563 A CN 103947563A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sheep
breeding
culture
biological
dimensional
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Pending
Application number
CN201410134996.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
徐海峰
孙歆浩
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SHANGHAI DEZHUANG AGRICULTURAL PLANTING Co Ltd
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SHANGHAI DEZHUANG AGRICULTURAL PLANTING Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201410134996.5A priority Critical patent/CN103947563A/en
Publication of CN103947563A publication Critical patent/CN103947563A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of agricultural breeding, and particularly provides a stereo movable sheep collectively-breeding system. The system comprises a stereo breeding framework, a compound thin film, an ammonia nitrogen gas absorption device, an automatic feeding machine and a biological liquid spraying device, wherein the stereo breeding framework is divided into sheep breeding areas, sheep faece collecting areas, organic fertilizer settling areas and an earthworm breeding bed; the compound thin film consists of a light-conversion thin film and a temperature control quilt, covers the top area of the stereo breeding framework, and is used for collecting natural light to keep a proper temperature in the system; the bottom part of the sheep breeding area is a hollow bamboo chip layer; the earthworm breeding bed is arranged between the sheep faece collecting areas. By applying the stereo movable sheep collectively-breeding system, the breeding environment can be improved; the breeding cost can be reduced; the breeding quality can be improved; moreover, the soil quality is favorably modified, so that the cyclic utilization of agricultural resources is promoted; the system not only is applicable for use in common soil property regions, but also is applicable for use in poorer soil property regions such as desert places and saline and alkaline lands.

Description

A kind of three-dimensional packaged type sheep set cultivating system
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of agricultural breeding, be specifically related to a kind of sheep cultivating system.
Background technology
In area, grassland, sheep cultivation is mostly the formula of herding.At present, grass-land deterioration is extremely serious, utilizes natural pasture to herd and has gradually exited livestock breeding.And booth breeding sheep has showed its superiority.During booth is raised, booth building is extremely important, economic, practical, insulation and drinking-water are searched for food, and the supporting booth of facility can improve the productivity of sheep, saves feed, prevents that epidemic disease from occurring, and finally improves sheep raising benefit.
It is fixed that traditional sheep is raised booth, and this cultivates for a large amount of concentrating, and along with the accumulation of time, damage ratio is larger.Be mainly reflected in fecal pollution, fecal pollution is very large for the impact of periphery water body; In addition, also can bring growing of insect, transmission of disease, thus affect raise benefit.
The present invention proposes the concept of Three-dimensional movable, from biological angle, improve breeding sheep aspect height (every sky), allow ight soil drop in the aspect that can collect, in container, can raise earthworm, utilize earthworm to decompose ight soil, the ight soil nutrient component after decomposition is higher, be the natural organic fertilizer that can advocate, the production to plant and edible health have very large guarantee.
Mobile concept, on the one hand from economic angle, on the one hand also from management view, is accomplished practical low-carbon environment-friendly, resource reusable edible.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is for original formula sheep raising and harm and the raise benefit not high problem of centralized sheep raising to natural ecological environment of herding, a kind of ecological circulation function of having is provided, can avoid environmental pollution, improve raise benefit, be suitable for again the three-dimensional packaged type sheep set cultivating system that ground, desert, saline land etc. are used.
The three-dimensional packaged type sheep set cultivating system that the present invention proposes, comprising: three-dimensional culture framework, laminated film, ammonia nitrogen gas absorbing device, automatic feeder and automatic drinking water apparatus, biological fluids spray equipment etc., its structure as shown in Figure 1.Wherein:
Described three-dimensional culture framework, its underpart is cuboid, top (top) is arc; The cuboid of bottom is divided into 2 layers from top to bottom: sheep culture zone, collecting dung district, fertilizer settling zone and vermiculture bed;
Described laminated film is made up of light conversion film and temperature control film, is covered in the top area of three-dimensional culture framework, and surrounds the cuboid part of three-dimensional culture framework bottom, and this laminated film is used for natural daylight to gather, applicable temperature in holding device; Laminated film covers and the large I of enclosing region changes according to the needs of controlling temperature;
Described sheep culture zone is used for cultivating sheep, and bottom, sheep culture zone is hollow out bamboo chip layer, the collecting dung district of bottom so that the ight soil of sheep bleeds; In the middle of sheep culture zone, be provided with passageway, confession keeper walk about; Sheep culture zone is provided with fence around, for fence sheep only; Fence top is area of space;
Described Yang Fenbianshoujiqu and fertilizer settling zone are positioned at central gangway, sheep culture zone down either side, Yang Fenbianshoujiqu and fertilizer settling zone are in same level, between be an inclined-plane, top, inclined-plane is collecting dung district, bottom, inclined-plane is fertilizer settling zone, and the ight soil in collecting dung district forms fertilizer settling zone through biofermentation bacterium fermentation postprecipitation; Vermiculture berth is in below, central gangway, sheep culture zone, and wherein accumulation has sheep dejection organic fertilizer, and breeding earthworm, and earthworm is for carrying out biological decomposition to sheep ight soil;
Described biological fluids spray equipment is used for spraying biological nutrition bacterium liquid and vermiculture bacterium liquid, this device comprises: force pump, biological jet pipe and some spray nozzles, biological jet pipe is arranged in the middle of collecting dung district, corresponding to the bottom of the position, passageway in the middle of culture zone, be in vermiculture bed, biological jet pipe pipeline is laid along central gangway length direction, and spray nozzle compartment of terrain is arranged at biological jet pipe pipeline top; Biological jet pipe is connected with force pump, and biological nutrition bacterium liquid and vermiculture bacterium liquid are squeezed into biological jet pipe by force pump, sprays towards periphery from the spray nozzle of biological jet pipe pipeline top; Biological nutrition bacterium liquid provides nutrition for biological zymophyte, and vermiculture bacterium liquid provides nutrition for vermiculture;
Described automatic feeder and automatic drinking water apparatus are arranged in culture zone, near passageway place;
Described ammonia nitrogen gas absorbing device is used for absorbing collecting dung district and the vermiculture bed fermentation institute ammonia nitrogen gas of discharging (being unfavorable for the cultivation of sheep), makes the obvious peculiar smell of nothing in sheepfold.This device comprises extraction duct, fan blower, and extraction duct is arranged at three-dimensional culture frame roof region, and fan blower provides power for absorbing ammonia nitrogen.
In the present invention, between the each major part of three-dimensional culture framework, overlapped by securing member, be convenient to install, break, move.
In the present invention, described biological nutrition bacterium liquid, its constituent is: bacillus subtilis (1 part), S. cervisiae (1-2 part), black-koji mould (2-3 part); Described vermiculture bacterium liquid, its constituent is: bacillus subtilis (1 part), S. cervisiae (1-2 part), trichoderma harzianum (2-3 part).These bacterium, through cultivating, combining, obtain corresponding bacterium liquid.
In the present invention, the size dimension of three-dimensional culture framework is generally: the arc height 1.2-1.5 rice at top, and bottom cuboid height is 4-4.5 rice; Three-dimensional culture lengths of frame is 40-50 rice, and width is 8-10 rice.In the device of such scale, generally can cultivate 300 left and right of sheep.
In the present invention, the sheep culture zone around height of fence is generally 0.8-1.3 rice.
In the present invention, the height of collecting dung district, fertilizer settling zone is generally 1-1.8 rice.
In the present invention, for sheep culture zone, can at interval of 3-5 rice, one grille be set along its length, culture zone is separated into some little culture zones, the sheep of some can be separated mutually like this, to facilitate management, reduce disease.
In the present invention, for sheep culture zone, also can be as required, be divided into non-kind of sheep ram and raise district, stud ram test region, lamb raising district, ewe test region etc.
In the present invention, three-dimensional culture framework can adopt ferrous materials, or aluminum alloy materials.
The three-dimensional packaged type sheep set cultivating system of the present invention design, imitates large natural environment, be one can enclosed construction, controllable temperature, ventilating.The top of system is capped with light conversion film and temperature control, and ventilation, sterilization auxiliary device can be installed, in order to defend disease and to control temperature; Centre is sheep culture zone; Bottom is collecting dung district and fertilizer settling zone, and under prerequisite free from environmental pollution, breeding earthworm and processing ammonia nitrogen gas, produce fertilizer by the biological method of natural breeding earthworm.
The three-dimensional packaged type sheep set cultivating system of the present invention's design, detachable, installation, is convenient to mobile.Generally, after a position cultivates 1 year to 2 years, the ground of cultivation position is that certain thickness fertilizer layer has been accumulated in fertilizer settling zone, and soil fertility is improved, and has improved soil quality, can be in order to Planting Crops; At this moment, native system can be moved to another location, proceed cultivation, and continue the soil of this position to improve.
The invention has the advantages that:
Make full use of luminous energy, the wind energy of the Nature, improve cultivation quality.There is light conversion film outward, inside have temperature control parts, provide good living environment for the production of sheep.Ammonia nitrogen is collected and treating apparatus is conducive to improve breeding environment.
On barren soil, can, by first cultivating again and plant, improve soil quality.Not only can be practical in general soil property area, be also suitable for the poor soil property area such as ground, desert, saline land and use.
Automatic feeder can be installed, and automatic drinking water apparatus, reduces aquaculture cost.
To the biological treatment of sheep ight soil, can improve environmental quality, the high-quality organic manure producing has eucyclic effect to agricultural production.
Can 1 year or movement in 2 years, can reduce disease incidence.
Improve the economic well-being of workers and staff of sheep raising, reduce environmental pollution.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is three-dimensional packaged type sheep set cultivating system cross section diagram.
Fig. 2 is the sheep culture zone plane diagram of three-dimensional packaged type sheep set cultivating system.
Number in the figure: 1 is three-dimensional culture framework, 2 is laminated film, 3 is ammonia nitrogen gas absorbing device; 4 is Yang Fenbianshoujiqu; 5 is fertilizer settling zone; 6 is biological jet pipe; 7 is sheep culture zone; 8 is hollow out bamboo chip layer; 9 is the central gangway of sheep culture zone; 10 is automatic feeder, automatic drinking water apparatus.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, embodiments of the present invention are described.As shown in Figure 1, the present invention includes: three-dimensional culture framework 1, laminated film 2, ammonia nitrogen gas absorbing device 3, sheep collecting dung district 4, fertilizer settling zone 5, biological jet pipe 6; Sheep culture zone 7; Hollow out bamboo chip layer 8; Passageway 9; Automatic feeder or automatic drinking water apparatus 10.
Light conversion film is covered in three-dimensional culture framework 1 outside, is temperature control film below light conversion film.Light conversion film specifically can adopt commercially available PE film, and temperature control film specifically can adopt commercially available fibers material resin cotton.Ammonia nitrogen gas absorbing device 3 is suspended on mobile device inner top, UNICOM's external ventilation device.Sheep ight soil falls to sheep collecting dung district 4 by hollow out bamboo chip layer 8; Earthworm in vermiculture bed can carry out biological decomposition to sheep ight soil, and the fertilizer after decomposition drops to 5 li of fertilizer settling zones, for collection.Poultry feeders, by passageway 9, is placed automatic feeder 10 in advance by feed.
In general, sheep culture zone is after barrier is separated, and a separate room culturing area is 12 square metres of left and right, can hold 15 left and right of sheep.Barrier around can adopt steel mesh, 5.5 centimetres of steel mesh endoporus 5.5 X, 1.2 meters of steel mesh specification 2 X.Hollow type bamboo chip is laid in bottom, 2 meters of bamboo chip plate gauge lattice 0.5 X, and space is 0.02 meter.Near aisle place, one high 0.5 meter (higher than bamboo chip plate) left in steel mesh bottom, and the openning of long 3.5 meters is placed crib, 0.2 meter of crib end opening, width 0.35 suitable for reading, 0.2 meter of inner open height, 0.4 meter of outer open height.In separate room, place in the outer part drinking trough, setting height(from bottom) is from 1 meter of bamboo chip plate, and drinking trough is adjustable without concrete specification.
As shown in Figure 2, sheep culture zone 7 further can be divided into: non-kind of sheep ram raised region 11, lamb raising region 12, stud ram pilot region 13, ewe pilot region 14.Non-kind of sheep ram raised region 11, lamb is raised region 12, barrier is set one at interval of 3 meters, and stud ram pilot region 13, ewe pilot region 14 arrange barrier one at interval of 5 meters.Separate so centralized cultivation sheep, contribute to management and disease isolation.

Claims (10)

1. a three-dimensional packaged type sheep set cultivating system, is characterized in that comprising: three-dimensional culture framework, laminated film, ammonia nitrogen gas absorbing device, automatic feeder and automatic drinking water apparatus, biological fluids spray equipment; Wherein:
Described three-dimensional culture framework, its underpart is cuboid, top is that top is arc; The cuboid of bottom is divided into 2 layers from top to bottom: sheep culture zone, collecting dung district, fertilizer settling zone and vermiculture bed;
Described laminated film is made up of light conversion film and temperature control film, is covered in the top area of three-dimensional culture framework, and surrounds the cuboid part of three-dimensional culture framework bottom, and this laminated film is for natural daylight is gathered, and applicable temperature in holding device; Laminated film covers and the size of enclosing region changes according to the needs of controlling temperature;
Described sheep culture zone is used for cultivating sheep, and bottom, sheep culture zone is hollow out bamboo chip layer, the collecting dung district of bottom so that the ight soil of sheep bleeds; In the middle of sheep culture zone, be provided with passageway, confession keeper walk about; Sheep culture zone is provided with fence around, for fence sheep only; Fence top is area of space;
Described Yang Fenbianshoujiqu and fertilizer settling zone are positioned at central gangway, sheep culture zone down either side, Yang Fenbianshoujiqu and fertilizer settling zone are in same level, between be an inclined-plane, top, inclined-plane is collecting dung district, bottom, inclined-plane is fertilizer settling zone, and the ight soil in collecting dung district forms fertilizer settling zone through biofermentation bacterium fermentation postprecipitation; Vermiculture berth is in below, central gangway, sheep culture zone, and wherein accumulation has sheep dejection organic fertilizer, and breeding earthworm, and earthworm is for carrying out biological decomposition to sheep ight soil;
Described biological fluids spray equipment is used for spraying biological nutrition bacterium liquid and vermiculture bacterium liquid, this device comprises: force pump, biological jet pipe and some spray nozzles, biological jet pipe is arranged in the middle of collecting dung district, corresponding to the bottom of the position, passageway in the middle of culture zone, biological jet pipe pipeline is laid along central gangway length direction, and spray nozzle compartment of terrain is arranged at biological jet pipe pipeline top; Biological jet pipe is connected with force pump, and biological nutrition bacterium liquid and vermiculture bacterium liquid are squeezed into biological jet pipe by force pump, sprays towards periphery from the spray nozzle of biological jet pipe pipeline top; Biological nutrition bacterium liquid provides nutrition for biological zymophyte, and vermiculture bacterium liquid provides nutrition for vermiculture;
Described automatic feeder and automatic drinking water apparatus are arranged in culture zone, near passageway place;
Described ammonia nitrogen gas absorbing device is used for absorbing collecting dung district and the vermiculture bed fermentation ammonia nitrogen gas of discharging, this device comprises extraction duct, fan blower, extraction duct is arranged at three-dimensional culture frame roof region, and fan blower provides power for absorbing ammonia nitrogen.
2. three-dimensional packaged type sheep set cultivating system according to claim 1, is characterized in that described biological nutrition bacterium liquid, is obtained through cultivating, combining by 1 part of bacillus subtilis, S. cervisiae 1-2 part, black-koji mould 2-3 part; Described vermiculture bacterium liquid, is obtained through cultivating, combining by 1 part of bacillus subtilis, S. cervisiae 1-2 part, trichoderma harzianum 2-3 part.
3. three-dimensional packaged type sheep set cultivating system according to claim 1, is characterized in that described light conversion film adopts PE film, and temperature control film adopts resin cotton.
4. three-dimensional packaged type sheep set cultivating system according to claim 1, is characterized in that being overlapped by securing member between the each major part of described three-dimensional culture framework, is convenient to install, breaks, moves.
5. three-dimensional packaged type sheep set cultivating system according to claim 1, is characterized in that in described three-dimensional culture framework, the arc height 1.2-1.5 rice at its top, and bottom cuboid height is 4-4.5 rice; Three-dimensional culture lengths of frame is 40-50 rice, and width is 8-10 rice.
6. three-dimensional packaged type sheep set cultivating system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described sheep culture zone around the height of fence be 0.8-1.3 rice.
7. three-dimensional packaged type sheep set cultivating system according to claim 1, the height that it is characterized in that described collecting dung district, fertilizer settling zone is 1-1.8 rice.
8. three-dimensional packaged type sheep set cultivating system according to claim 1, is characterized in that, for sheep culture zone, at interval of 3-5 rice, one grille being set along its length, and culture zone is separated into some little culture zones.
9. three-dimensional packaged type sheep set cultivating system according to claim 1, is characterized in that for sheep culture zone, is divided into non-kind of sheep ram and raises district, stud ram test region, lamb raising district, ewe test region.
10. three-dimensional packaged type sheep set cultivating system according to claim 1, is characterized in that described three-dimensional culture framework adopts ferrous materials, and/or aluminum alloy materials.
CN201410134996.5A 2014-04-04 2014-04-04 Stereo movable sheep collectively-breeding system Pending CN103947563A (en)

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Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2092040C1 (en) * 1995-09-08 1997-10-10 Штурм Петрович Дунайский Loose keeping cow house with recovering of manure within house
US5865143A (en) * 1993-09-30 1999-02-02 Trustees Of University Of Arkansas And United States Of America High-rise laying hen rearing facility and method
JP2005160418A (en) * 2003-12-04 2005-06-23 Hosooka Bio Hightech Kenkyusho:Kk System for treating dung and urine of animal
CN1834034A (en) * 2006-03-30 2006-09-20 上海交通大学 Method of treatment of and circulation utilization of hoggery sewage by using earthworm biological filter cell
CN102090345A (en) * 2010-12-08 2011-06-15 湖北启明生物工程有限公司 Ultrathin fermentation bed and used fermentation bed microbial inoculum
CN203015662U (en) * 2013-01-08 2013-06-26 吴爱平 Composite poly-culture device for livestock and poultry and earthworm
CN203388051U (en) * 2013-06-22 2014-01-15 河南歌瑞农牧股份有限公司 Beef cattle shed
CN103583377A (en) * 2013-09-05 2014-02-19 北京凡元兴科技有限公司 Ecological cow and sheep house
CN103588544A (en) * 2012-08-13 2014-02-19 北京中农广袤农业科技有限公司 Microbial organic fertilizer, and preparation method and purpose thereof

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5865143A (en) * 1993-09-30 1999-02-02 Trustees Of University Of Arkansas And United States Of America High-rise laying hen rearing facility and method
RU2092040C1 (en) * 1995-09-08 1997-10-10 Штурм Петрович Дунайский Loose keeping cow house with recovering of manure within house
JP2005160418A (en) * 2003-12-04 2005-06-23 Hosooka Bio Hightech Kenkyusho:Kk System for treating dung and urine of animal
CN1834034A (en) * 2006-03-30 2006-09-20 上海交通大学 Method of treatment of and circulation utilization of hoggery sewage by using earthworm biological filter cell
CN102090345A (en) * 2010-12-08 2011-06-15 湖北启明生物工程有限公司 Ultrathin fermentation bed and used fermentation bed microbial inoculum
CN103588544A (en) * 2012-08-13 2014-02-19 北京中农广袤农业科技有限公司 Microbial organic fertilizer, and preparation method and purpose thereof
CN203015662U (en) * 2013-01-08 2013-06-26 吴爱平 Composite poly-culture device for livestock and poultry and earthworm
CN203388051U (en) * 2013-06-22 2014-01-15 河南歌瑞农牧股份有限公司 Beef cattle shed
CN103583377A (en) * 2013-09-05 2014-02-19 北京凡元兴科技有限公司 Ecological cow and sheep house

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Effective date of abandoning: 20160824