CN103938901B - Machine, frame combination bicycle parking method and the device systems for realizing the method - Google Patents

Machine, frame combination bicycle parking method and the device systems for realizing the method Download PDF

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CN103938901B
CN103938901B CN201410164860.9A CN201410164860A CN103938901B CN 103938901 B CN103938901 B CN 103938901B CN 201410164860 A CN201410164860 A CN 201410164860A CN 103938901 B CN103938901 B CN 103938901B
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parking
driving
machine
frame
car
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CN103938901A (en
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何儒清
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of machine, frame combination bicycle parking method and device systems, its method is the method that is combined with parking machine and parking frame is stored in parking stall upper space by car, or on pavement face between shade tree and its support, it has main steps that:Parking machine is travelled to by parking frame, car reach parking machine parking machine translate, lift, rotated three dimensional positioning parking machine tie-beam and parking frame connection driving by car be transplanted on parking frame driving return parking machine.Its device systems includes:Portable parking machine and a number of parking frame or bicycle parking position.The present invention can utilize light-dutyer equipment, make full use of the space storage car of the inconvenient walking of pedestrian between the upper space of ground parking and city pavement shade tree, with the difficult pressure for alleviating traffic congestion with reduction parking road occupying of stopping at release.

Description

Machine, frame combination bicycle parking method and the device systems for realizing the method
Technical field
The present invention is a kind of machine, frame combination bicycle parking method and the device systems for realizing the method, for ground bicycle parking position top sky Between bicycle parking between city pavement trip road tree.
Background technology
With increasing rapidly for China's car ownership, in the downtown area shopping centre in city, public place of entertainment, hospital, park, old Parking stall wretched insufficiency near old cell, causes disorderly being stopped due to can not find parking stall for parking, disorderly parking aggravates in turn The inconvenience in congestion and street crossing on roadway.Therefore various parking facilities are occurred in that in recent years, in order to stop using ground Parking stall upper space, also occurs in that suspension lifting formula and cantilever consolidation end lift parking frame that lower floor's bicycle parking need to avoid, and Cantilever consolidation end lifting without avoidance, rotation, portable parking frame, such parking frame are deposited because each using all very convenient Vehicle frame will have a set of lifting and migration equipment so that most of people for affording car cannot afford parking frame, thus while at present The method and apparatus of numerous bicycle parking has been occurred in that, but can build and must rise and entity and individual with these equipment and few, largely Space between the shade tree of ground bicycle parking position upper space and pedestrian's inconvenience walking is not all utilized.
The content of the invention
To overcome the deviation that above-mentioned prior art is single, existing ground bicycle parking position upper space and pavement shade tree are utilized Between space, solve the problem of bicycle parking is difficult, increase a kind of different parking method to existing numerous bicycle parking modes, the present invention is carried For a kind of machine that generally can be premised on less facility and light-duty device systems, frame combination bicycle parking method, two sets realities are also provided Existing machine, the frame combination necessary device systems of bicycle parking method.To make the equipment lightness present invention be exploited potentialities from the following aspects, one It is, from meter of demaning reduction, only to use for popular car, casts out that big, the minimum terrain clearance of weight is small, approach angle is small, departure angle It is small, excessive, the too small car of wheelspan, wheelbase, overall width, such as long, wide Benz Cars;Two are to try to reduce overhung load Jib-length, accordingly reduce component sectional dimension and structure height;Three be rational component arrangement, particularly high in component Direction is spent, allows the height of different components to overlap with reducing mechanism total height as far as possible;Four be that parking machine increases not against weight Stability, but the connection with parking frame is relied on, to ensure the stability of the parking machine when car elevates migration;Five be to take to lead To facility to reduce safe clearance size, parking machine width is reduced with this;Six be to change wheel machine often with wheel around vertical axes Rotate and carry out forward method, and turned to the method for left and right wheels differential makes parking machine Plane Rotation with forward and reverse turn of left and right wheels, thus Both can reduce that parking machine width has can be neatly movable in narrow parking;Seven be not with other similar storage devices Strive quick, starting point is that bicycle parking position is principal contradiction.Contemplate the machine for being formed the present invention that integrates, frame combination by more than to deposit Car method and corresponding device systems.
Realizing the technical scheme that the object of the invention is used is:It is a kind of with two-way individual layer car parking machine (or unidirectional double-layer sedan-chair Car parking machine) and parking frame combine complete deposit car method, abbreviation machine, frame combination bicycle parking method, comprise the following steps:Deposit Vehicle device is travelled to by parking frame, and car voluntarily reaches the landing of parking machine, single-layer bidirectional or double-deck unidirectional car parking machine After plane positioning, adjustment landing to parking frame or platform for parking are high, are connected with the tie-beam on parking machine with parking frame, then Car is migrated on parking frame with the driving on parking machine.
To realize technical solution of the present invention machine, frame combination bicycle parking method, the present invention provides two kinds of cars herein in connection with use occasion The device systems of storage, the device systems include:
1. ground parking position upper space deposits the device systems of car, including:
Two-way individual layer car parking machine, it is by critical piece:Main crane boom on the chassis of driven by power, chassis, leads The driving composition of vertical or horizontal direction of travel can be selected by weighing the landing on frame and being placed on landing;It is two-way to refer to longitudinal direction And transverse direction, individual layer refers to be stored on the parking frame on ground parking position upper strata.
It is arranged on a number of longitudinal parking frame and horizontal parking frame of Surface parking lots' parking stall upper space.
2. pavement face and its upper space deposit the device systems of car between the shade tree of city pavement, including:
Unidirectional double-layer car parking machine, it is by critical piece:Main crane boom on the chassis of driven by power, chassis, leads Driving composition on weight frame;Unidirectional to refer to be transferred to car on the parking frame of left side, bilayer refers to that car can be deposited Onto the upper strata pavement parking frame of pavement face bicycle parking position and its upper space.
A number of pavement parking frame and pavement face bicycle parking position.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the elevational schematic view of the car storage system of the 1st kind of embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural perspective of the car storage system of the 1st kind of embodiment of the invention.
Structural perspectives of the Fig. 3 for the two-way individual layer car parking machine in Fig. 2 in addition to driving.
Fig. 4 is the two-way individual layer car bicycle parking owner crane boom Crossing brace perspective view in Fig. 2.
Fig. 5 be Fig. 2 in two-way individual layer car bicycle parking owner crane boom Crossing brace prostration when Fig. 3 in I-I profile.
Fig. 6 is Fig. 2 two-way individual layer car parking machine middle rolling car perspective view.
Fig. 7 is Fig. 6 middle rolling car power section perspective views.
Fig. 8 is longitudinal parking frame structural perspective in Fig. 2.
Fig. 9 is the horizontal parking frame structural perspective in Fig. 2.
Figure 10 is two-way individual layer car parking machine landing tie-beam and horizontal parking frame junction magnification fluoroscopy in Fig. 2 Figure.
Figure 11 is the structural perspective of the car storage system of the 2nd kind of embodiment of the invention.
Structural perspectives of the Figure 12 for the unidirectional double-layer car parking machine in Figure 11 in addition to driving.
Figure 13 be Figure 11 in unidirectional double-layer car parking machine bridge crane structure perspective view.
Figure 14 be Figure 13 in unidirectional double-layer car parking machine bridge crane structure power section perspective view.
Figure 15 is the pavement parking frame and pavement face bicycle parking position perspective view in Figure 11.
In figure critical piece marked as:
The two-way individual layer car parking machines of 2-, including:Chassis 21, landing 22, main crane boom 23, driving 24 is constituted.
3- cars.
4- longitudinal directions parking frame.
5- transverse direction parking frames.
6- unidirectional double-layer car parking machines, including:Chassis 61, main crane boom 62, driving 63.
7- pavements face bicycle parking position.
8- pavements parking frame.
Coding rule:Belong to the part of above-mentioned critical piece, add 1 bit digital again after its numbering, " 9 " use English later Word mother then arranges.
Unidirectional double-layer car parking machine coding rule is identical.
Embodiment
The first embodiment of the invention:
Device therefor car storage equipment system as shown in Figure 2, including two-way individual layer car parking machine 2, certain amount Longitudinal parking frame 4 and horizontal parking frame 5, the annexation between this three part-structure and three is carried out below detailed Explanation.
Two-way individual layer car parking machine 2 includes chassis 21, main crane boom 23, landing 22 and driving 24, such as Fig. 3 institutes Show.
The skeleton of chassis 21 is except groove-shaped longitudinal beam 211 is by addition to 2 square tubes and 1 block of steel plate are constituted, remaining is square tube composition.Chassis 21 power are using 4 wheel driven by power, and general power is scattered can to make motor reduce just to arrange;Using revolver, right wheel differential steering, Forward and reverse turn of revolver, right wheel rotates in place parking machine, can both reduce the lateral dimension of parking machine, can make it easier to again Movable in narrow parking, such as two-way individual layer car parking machine 2 reaches two-way list in longitudinally storage car in car 3 After layer car parking machine 2, it is possible to which original place is flat to be turn 90 degrees in place;Chassis front end is equipped with guidance mirrors 215, is seeing driver Also it is to reduce horizontal safe clearance to two-way individual layer car parking machine 2 is reached in the case of car front wheel positions, and then reduces and deposit The lateral dimension of vehicle device;The both sides of chassis springboard 213 are equipped with guiding curb 214, to ensure under less safe clearance, car 3 Do not occur wiping when reaching two-way individual layer car parking machine 2 to touch.
Main crane boom 23 be shear type lifting frame by 22 limbs inner support 232, it is outer support 231 and 2 electric oil pressure jack 233 Composition.Inner support 232 is hinged with outer Cheng231 centers hinge 230, the groove of jack 233,231 lower ends of outer support with chassis 21 The front end hinge 234 of type longeron 211 is hinged, and the firm arm (not shown) that the upper end of jack 233 supports in the middle part of 232 epimeres with Inner is cut with scissors Connect, Inner supports 232 upper ends and the front end hinge 234 of groove-shaped longitudinal beam 221 of landing 22 is hinged, the upper end of outer support 231 and Inner supports 232 lower end is equipped with bogie wheel, respectively before the groove-shaped longitudinal beam 221 of landing 22 and the groove-shaped longitudinal beam 211 on chassis 21 are interior After roll;Main crane boom 23 controls lifting by jack 233, and operating mode is shown in Fig. 4 when main crane boom rises, and minimizes highly sleeping put When see I-I profile-Fig. 5 in Fig. 3, now main crane boom is embedded to chassis groove-shaped longitudinal beam 211 and landing groove-shaped longitudinal beam substantially In 221 height so that the general construction of chassis 21 and landing 22 is highly reduced to 250 millimeters, the milli of headroom 50 under chassis Meter Shi, car 3 reaches landing 22 300 millimeters high by springboard 213, according to the liftoff minimum high and approach angle of car, There can be most of car to be stored in using parking machine on parking frame.
The skeleton of landing 22 is except groove-shaped longitudinal beam 221 is by addition to 2 square tubes and one block of steel plate are constituted, remaining is square tube composition Plane framework;The front end of groove-shaped longitudinal beam 221 is supported on main crane boom Inner and supportted on 232 upper end hinges 234, and rear end is supported on main lifting Supportted outside frame on the main crane boom bogie wheel 235 of 231 upper ends;Landing 22 is oriented to rib 222 provided with driving;Landing 22 Front end is hinged by lockable hinge 224 with longitudinally connected beam 223, is passed on left lockable hinge 227 and is hinged with lateral connection beam 226 See Figure 10, vertical, horizontal tie-beam front end is equipped with the tongue-and-groove 225 or tongue-and-groove being connected with longitudinal parking frame 4 or horizontal parking frame 5 228, the positioning shooting head overlooked downwards is equipped with tongue-and-groove, cam lens are provided with positioning cross line.
Driving 24 is instrument that carrying car is vertically and horizontally migrated as shown in fig. 6, being placed on landing top surface, including chassis 241, bearing support 242, crane arm 243, bearing cross beam 244 and power section:Driving chassis 241 is by putting down that square tube and angle steel are constituted Surface frame frame, 4 jiaos provided with 4 gear-boxes, built-in power section;
Driving bearing support 242 is made up of 2 angle steel and 2 rectangular tubes, is supported by 4 crane arms 243, on crane arm 243 End is hinged by hinge 24L with driving bearing support 242, and lower end passes through the two-way individual layer car parking machine crane arm on hinge 24K Road wheel 24I be supported on driving chassis 241 angle steel 24J on, transmit power screw mandrel 24H by hinge 24K centers and and its With threaded connection and driving, when bearing support 242 of driving a vehicle minimizes height, the two-way list extended downwardly from is removed on driving chassis 241 Outside the driving wheel 24G of layer car parking machine driving, in the height that driving bearing support 242 has been wholly embedded into height, now go Car general construction is highly not more than 120 millimeters;
In the end floor beam of driving bearing support 242, provided with the bearing cross beam 244 that can be stretched out to the left and right sides, for supporting sedan-chair Car 3;
The power section of driving 24 has three functions to see Fig. 7:When the output shaft gear 246 of motor 245 is allocated to left side, tooth Wheel 246 agrees with gear 248, and power is lifted by gear 248, rotary screw rod 24H with the bearing support 242 that controls to drive a vehicle;Work as gear 246 are allocated to right side while when gear 249 is allocated to, gear 246 agrees with gear 247, and gear 249 agrees with gear 24A, power The rotate gear 24A of gear 249, axle 24B and walking round frame 24C are reached by gear 247, walking round frame 24C flat turns are driven;When Gear 246 be allocated to right side simultaneously gear 249 be allocated under when, gear 246 agrees with gear 247, and gear 249 agrees with gear 24D, Power reaches gear 249 by gear 247, and rotate gear 24D, gear 24E, gear 24F reach two-way individual layer car parking machine row The driving wheel 24G drivings driving 24 of car is retreated;There is larger bearing-surface at the top of driving walking round frame 24C, be supported on gear-box top Plate, when the direction of travel of driving need to switch to horizontal from longitudinal direction, it is left front and right after walking round frame it is flat clockwise turn 90 degrees, before the right side Put down and turn 90 degrees counterclockwise with left back walking round frame, train operation adjustment direction should be carried out when driving is without car load.
Longitudinal parking frame 4 is shown in by section for conventional beam, the column framework that post 41, longeron 42, the crossbeam 43 of square tube are constituted Fig. 8;On top, in-plane is longitudinally provided with two driving aisle beams 44, and driving aisle beam 44 is provided with driving guiding rib 45, driving The rear end of aisle beam 44 is provided with the tenon 46 being connected with two-way individual layer car parking machine tie-beam front end tongue-and-groove 225, and it is shaped as Small lower big square frustum;Provided with the landing 48 connected with tail trimmer between two longerons 42,44, its rear wheel position is fixed And provided with the wheel alignment card that can be lifted, wheel can be blocked during rise and fixes car;The laying of front wheel positions short beam is longer, with suitable The car storage that wheelbase is different is answered, because the size and quality of parking machine of the present invention are all smaller, to ensure during parking machine work The unstability that will not topple, parking machine landing 22 carry car rise after, parking machine must not remake planar movement and braking, therefore Upper strata parking frame must have terrestrial positioning mark, it is contemplated that ground can not possibly be definitely smooth, and parking machine landing 22 is lifted Can not possibly be definitely on a vertical curve, therefore plane positioning must be set by the following method with surface mark, liter when parking machine is unloaded Landing 22, adjustment parking machine plan-position and landing height are played, makes the tie-beam 223 of parking machine landing front end After being connected with longitudinal parking frame, then parking machine plane is allowed to brake, landing minimizes height, now according to tie-beam 223 In the tongue-and-groove of front end in camera cross hair instruction, set plane positioning surface mark 47, all upper strata parking frames all must Surface mark must be set with same method.
Beam, post cantilever frame knot that horizontal parking frame 5 is made up of section for post 51, crossbeam 52 and the longeron 53 of large-scale square tube Structure is shown in Fig. 9;Provided with the landing 57 connected with short beam between two longerons 53, its front wheel positions sets two short beams, and car is deposited Front-wheel is just stuck between two short beams when putting;The laying of rear wheel position short beam is longer, different to adapt to wheelbase
Car is deposited;Crossbeam 52 also serves as driving aisle beam and used, and crossbeam 52 is provided with driving guiding rib 54, and the rear end of crossbeam 52 is set There is the tenon 55 being connected with parking machine tie-beam front end tongue-and-groove 228, it is shaped as up-small and down-big square frustum;Due to the present invention The size and quality of parking machine are all smaller, to ensure the unstability that will not topple during parking machine work, parking machine landing 22 Carry after car rise, parking machine must not remake planar movement and braking, therefore upper strata parking frame there must be the ground of plane positioning Witness marker, it is contemplated that ground can not possibly be definitely smooth, the lifting of parking machine landing 22 is also impossible to definitely vertical at one On line, therefore plane positioning mark must be set by the following method, raised car park platform 22 when parking machine is unloaded, adjust parking machine plane Position and landing height, make after the tie-beam 226 of parking machine landing front end is connected with transverse direction parking frame, then allow bicycle parking Machine plane is braked, and landing minimizes height, now according to cross in camera in the front end tongue-and-groove 228 of tie-beam 226 The instruction of line, sets plane positioning surface mark 56, and all upper strata parking frames must all be marked with same method setting ground Will.
Implementation, two-way individual layer car parking machine 2 is travelled to by longitudinal parking frame side or horizontal parking frame;Driving 24 It is moved to the avoidance foremost of landing 22;Car 3 voluntarily reaches the landing 22 on two-way individual layer car parking machine 2; Driving 24 returns to the center of landing 22;Two-way individual layer car parking machine 2 is flat turn 90 degrees after, by the front end tongue-and-groove 225 of tie-beam 223 In camera be oriented to, plane positioning, or two-way individual layer car parking machine 2 are made to the terrestrial positioning mark of longitudinal parking frame 4, It is oriented to by the camera in the front end tongue-and-groove 228 of tie-beam 226, plane positioning is made to horizontal parking frame 5;Raised car park platform 22, Longitudinally connected beam 223 thereon is connected with longitudinal parking frame 4, or make lateral connection beam 226 and horizontal parking frame 5 thereon Connection;According to the direction flat turn driving wheel carrier 24C of bicycle parking position, it is set to go to the direction that car need to migrate;Extension support to the left and right Crossbeam 244;Driving bearing support 242 is risen, car wheel is lifted off landing 22, driving 24 carries car 3, and migration to longitudinal direction is deposited The platform for parking 48 of vehicle frame 4, or migrate to the platform for parking 57 of horizontal parking frame 5;Driving bearing support 242 is fallen, by car 3 On the platform for parking 48 for depositing in longitudinal parking frame 4, the wheel alignment card risen on platform for parking 48 fixes car, or will Car 3 is deposited on the platform for parking 57 of horizontal parking frame 5;Two-way individual layer car parking machine is retracted in driving, completes a bicycle parking Process.
Second of embodiment of the invention:
Device therefor car storage equipment system as shown in figure 11, including unidirectional double-layer car parking machine 6, certain amount Pavement parking frame 8 and the bicycle parking of pavement face position 7, below between this three part-structure and three annexation carry out Detailed description.
It is as shown in figure 11 that unidirectional double-layer car parking machine 6 includes chassis 61, main crane boom 62, driving 63 and bridge.
The horizontal door frame that the main framing of chassis 61 is made up of 1 longeron 611 and 2 crossbeams 612, in beam infall in length and breadth, if There is vertical door frame 613, lifted for main crane boom, main framing section is large-scale square tube, the outside of crossbeam 612 is provided with channel-section steel 619, Its cantilever end is provided with revolver 614 and right wheel 615, and its top is provided with landing 616;The power of chassis 61 takes turns driven by power using 4, General power is scattered can to make motor reduce just to arrange;Using left and right wheels differential steering, forward and reverse turn of left and right wheels make parking machine former Ground rotates, and can both reduce the lateral dimension of parking machine, and it is movable in narrow parking to make it easier to again;Due to list Car need to be migrated to the pavement face less than landing 616 to double-layer car parking machine 6, also because the power of lifting is set Standby, battery, bridge are each provided at the right, and left side load is relatively small, and chassis 61 is possible to using the different left side of diameter Wheel 614 and right wheel 615, revolver, right wheel are driving wheel, and the diameter of right wheel 615 can not be more than landing height 616;Jump on chassis Wiping does not occur to ensure under less safe clearance, when car reaches parking machine and touches provided with curb 618 is oriented to for the both sides of plate 617.
Main crane boom 62 such as Figure 12, short pin door frame 621,2 crossbeams 622 and 2 hoops being made up of channel-section steel are inverted by one 623 compositions;The bottom surface of inner side short pin door frame 621 of the right-hand member top surface of crossbeam 622 with binding round is connected, and hoop 623 is located at short pin door frame 621 On pin, bind round on the column of chassis door frame 613, slided up and down for main crane boom along door frame column, door frame and crossbeam are used Large-scale square tube;Aisle angle steel 624 of the Inner sides lower edge of crossbeam 612 provided with driving 63, the left end of crossbeam 622 is provided with tie-beam 625, connection Beam 625 is connected with hinge 626 with crossbeam 622, and the front end of tie-beam 625 is provided with connection tongue-and-groove 627, and tongue-and-groove 627 is built with downward vertical view Positioning shooting head, its camera lens be provided with positioning cross line;When main crane boom 62 minimizes height, its crossbeam 622 and chassis Crossbeam 612 is overlapped, and is arranged so as to make main crane boom 62 to increase the height that car 3 reaches parking machine;Hoop 623 is provided with guiding Mirror 628, during for guiding automobile driver to reach parking machine, judges the relative position of car 3 and unidirectional double-layer car parking machine 6 Put.
Driving 63 is that the instrument of carrying car lateral migration is shown in Figure 13, by chassis 631, bearing support 632,633 groups of crane arm Into.
The plane framework that driving chassis 631 is made up of square tube and angle steel, 4 jiaos provided with 4 gear-boxes, built-in power part Point;
Driving bearing support 632 is made up of 4 angle steel, is supported by 4 crane arms 633, the upper end of crane arm 633 passes through hinge 63F with driving bearing support 632 be hinged, lower end by the unidirectional double-layer car parking machine crane arm road wheel 63D on hinge 63C, On the angle steel 63E for being supported on driving chassis 631, the screw mandrel 63B of power is transmitted by hinge 63C centers and with it with being threadedly coupled And driving, when bearing support 632 of driving a vehicle minimizes height, the unidirectional double-layer car bicycle parking extended downwardly from is removed on driving chassis 631 Outside machine driving road wheel 635, in the height that driving bearing support 632 has been wholly embedded into height, therefore during driving minimum constructive height Structure height is down to 120 millimeters;
The power section of driving 63 has two functions to see Figure 14:When gear 636 is allocated to right lateral side, it passes through power Gear 63A, rotary screw rod 63B are lifted with the bearing support 632 that controls to drive a vehicle;When gear 636 is allocated to front left side, power passes through gear 637th, 638 axle 639 is reached, driving unidirectional double-layer car parking machine driving road wheel 635 is retreated.
Pavement parking frame 8 is shown in Figure 15, by 2 posts 81,2 crossbeams 82 and 4 83 groups of the longerons that section is large-scale square tube Into, be that march-past cantilever design is shown in Figure 14, the advantage using march-past structure be will likely stop pedestrian column set be expert at On road tree straight line, such parking frame sets people when different merely with the space of original 8 pedestrians stopped by shade tree During the bicycle parking position of trade, pavement parking frame does not just take the useful space on pavement, particularly not wide in sidewalk width In the case of, even if the situation simultaneously provided with pavement face bicycle parking position, also more longitudinal parking frame 5, takes a column width and adds less One safe clearance between car and column, this width will not be less than 40-50 centimetres, and this width should be for city It is of great value;Provided with the platform for parking 84,85 connected with tail trimmer between two longerons 83, its front wheel positions 84 only sets two short Beam, front-wheel is just stuck between two short beams when car is deposited;The laying of the short beam of rear wheel position 85 is longer, to adapt to the sedan-chair that wheelbase is different Car is deposited;Driving aisle beam is doubled as in the longeron 83 of 82 two cantilever ends of crossbeam, be which is provided with after driving guiding rib 86, longeron 83 End is provided with the tenon 87 being connected with the front end tongue-and-groove 627 of 6 tie-beam of unidirectional double-layer car parking machine 625, and it is shaped as up-small and down-big Square frustum;Because the size and quality of parking machine of the present invention are all smaller, to ensure that unidirectional double-layer car parking machine 6 works When will not topple unstability, car 3 is lifted off into chassis landing 616 in driving bearing support 632, while main crane boom 62 also rises Afterwards, parking machine must not remake planar movement and braking, therefore pavement parking frame 8 must have terrestrial positioning mark, it is contemplated that ground Face can not possibly be definitely smooth, and the lifting of bicycle parking owner crane boom 62 is also impossible to definitely on a vertical curve, therefore pavement is deposited The plane positioning mark of vehicle frame 8 must be set by the following method, and unidirectional double-layer car parking machine 6 rises main crane boom 62 when unloaded, be adjusted The plan-position of unidirectional double-layer car parking machine 6 and the height of main crane boom 62, make the tie-beam 625 of the front end of bicycle parking owner crane boom 62 After being connected with pavement parking frame 8, then the plane of unidirectional double-layer car parking machine 6 is allowed to brake, main crane boom 62 minimizes height, Now according to the instruction of cross hair in camera in the front end tongue-and-groove 627 of tie-beam 625, setting plane positioning surface mark 88, All pavement parking frames 8 all must set surface mark 88 with same method.
Pavement face bicycle parking position 7 is avoids pavement because setting fin to trip pedestrian, and pavement face up train aisle is used The form of groove, sets 2 driving aisle grooves 71,2 and the tie-beam of unidirectional double-layer car parking machine 6 is set in the rear end of the groove The tenon 72 of 625 connections.
Implementation, unidirectional double-layer car parking machine 6 is travelled to by pavement parking frame 8;Drive a vehicle the top surface of 63 bearing support 632 Adjusted to same high with landing 616 with the main top surface of crane boom crossbeam 622;Car 3 voluntarily reaches unidirectional double-layer car bicycle parking Landing 616 on machine 6;Car 3 is lifted off landing 616 by the bearing support 632 for rising driving;Unidirectional double-layer car bicycle parking Machine 6 is oriented to by the camera in the front end tongue-and-groove 627 of tie-beam 625, is made for the alignment ground witness marker 88 of pavement parking frame 8 Plane positioning, or make plane positioning for the alignment pavement connection protruding tenon 72 of pavement face bicycle parking position 7;Adjust crane boom high, Tie-beam 625 thereon is set to be connected with pavement parking frame 8 or pavement face bicycle parking position 7;Driving 63 carries car 3, and migration is extremely Pavement parking frame 8 or pavement face bicycle parking position 7;Driving bearing support 632 is fallen, car 3 is deposited in into pavement parking frame 8 Platform for parking 84,85 on or the bicycle parking of pavement face.

Claims (12)

1. a kind of machine, frame combine bicycle parking method, it is characterised in that:
Parking machine travels the parking frame to by the parking frame of Surface parking lots' bicycle parking position upper space or between the shade tree of pavement It is other;Car voluntarily reaches parking machine, and parking machine carries car by flat turn, movement, and traveling is accurate by camera to bicycle parking position Positioning, adjustment parking machine landing height, parking machine is connected temporarily with parking frame, and parking machine carries car with driving thereon Parking frame or bicycle parking position are transferred to, driving returns to parking machine;Parking machine is two-way individual layer car parking machine or unidirectional double-layer sedan-chair Car parking machine.
2. machine, frame combine bicycle parking method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Parking machine be with 4 wheel driven by power, revolver, Right wheel differential steering, revolver, right wheel rotating rotate in place parking machine.
3. machine, frame combine bicycle parking method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:When the driving of parking machine and car enter net During sky conflict, driving need to move to parking machine and avoid foremost, after car after springboard reaches parking machine, return again to center, and will The direction that two-way individual layer car parking machine driving wheel flat turn need to migrate to car.
4. a kind of device systems for being used to realize that machine described in claim 1, frame combine bicycle parking method, it is characterised in that including:One The stable parking machine that can complete bicycle parking is maintained with traveling and with the interim linkage function of parking frame and by parking frame and certain The parking frame of quantity.
5. device systems according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:It is empty that the device systems are used for Surface parking lots top Between, the parking machine is two-way individual layer car parking machine and the parking frame is longitudinal parking frame or horizontal parking frame.
6. device systems according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:The two-way individual layer car parking machine is can be by car The equipment on vertical or horizontal parking frame is stored in, including:Chassis (21), main crane boom (23), landing (22) and driving (24);
The chassis (21), by revolver, right wheel differential steering, makes parking machine former by 4 wheel driven by power by revolver, right wheel rotating Ground rotates;
Chassis (21) front end is equipped with guidance mirrors (215), and springboard (213) both sides are provided with guideway edge (214);
During main crane boom (23) prostration, lower end is hidden in the groove-shaped longitudinal beam of the chassis (21) (211), and upper end is hidden in described In the groove-shaped longitudinal beam (221) of landing, car is set to travel upper parking machine landing (22) by springboard;
Guiding rib (222) when landing (22) top surface is provided with driving (24) walking,
The tie-beam (223) that landing (22) front end is equipped with and longitudinal parking frame (4) connects, tie-beam (223) is with stopping Car platform (22) cuts with scissors (224) with lockable and is hinged, and tie-beam (223) front end is provided with the tongue-and-groove being connected with longitudinal parking frame (4) (225);
The tie-beam (226) that the left side of the landing (22) is equipped with and horizontal parking frame is connected, tie-beam (226) and parking Platform (22) cuts with scissors (227) with lockable and is hinged, and tie-beam (226) front end is provided with the tongue-and-groove (228) being connected with horizontal parking frame;
It is equipped with having positioning cross line on the plane positioning camera overlooked downwards, its camera lens in the tongue-and-groove (225,228);
The driving (24) includes driving chassis (241), bearing support (242), crane arm (243), bearing cross beam (244) and power Part;
The driving bearing support (242) is made up of 2 angle steel and 2 rectangular tubes, is supported by 4 crane arms (243), crane arm (243) upper end is hinged by hinge (24L) with driving bearing support (242), and lower end passes through hinge (24K)On two-way individual layer car The crane arm road wheel (24I) of parking machine is supported on the angle steel (24J) of driving chassis (241), transmits the screw mandrel (24H) of power By hinge (24K) center and it is connected thereto and is driven with screw thread, when bearing support (242) of driving a vehicle minimizes height, driving Chassis (241) is wholly embedded into height in addition to the driving wheel (24G) of the two-way individual layer car parking machine driving extended downwardly from Drive a vehicle in the height of bearing support (242), therefore the minimum constructive height of driving is 120 millimeters;
In the end floor beam of the driving bearing support (242), provided with the bearing cross beam (244) that can be stretched out to the left and right sides;
The power section of the driving (24) has three functions, including:When gear (246) is allocated to left side, it passes through power Gear (248), rotary screw rod (24H) is lifted with the bearing support (242) that controls to drive a vehicle;When gear (246) is allocated to right side gear simultaneously (249) when being allocated to, power passes through gear (249) rotate gear (24A), axle (24B) and walking round frame (24C), driving walking Wheel carrier (24C) flat turn;When gear (246) be allocated to right side simultaneously gear (249) be allocated under when, power is by gear (24D), gear Driving wheel (24G) the driving driving (24) that (24E), gear (24F) reach two-way individual layer car parking machine driving is retreated.
7. device systems according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:Longitudinal parking frame (4) includes conventional post(41) And longeron(42), crossbeam(43)The frame structure of composition, landing (48) is located at 4 jiaos of parking frame roof panel, aisle beam of driving a vehicle (44) located at parking frame roof panel longeron on, which is provided with driving aisle guiding rib (45), driving aisle beam rear end be provided with The tenon (46) of two-way individual layer car parking machine (2) tie-beam front end tongue-and-groove (225) connection, ground is deposited provided with two-way individual layer car Vehicle device (2) plane positioning ground mark mark (47).
8. device systems according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:It is big that the horizontal parking frame (5), which is included by section, The post (51) of type square tube, the beam of crossbeam (52) and longeron (53) composition, post cantilever frame structure;Landing (57) is located at longeron (53) front and back end, crossbeam (52) is as driving aisle beam, and driving aisle beam is provided with driving aisle guiding rib (54), aisle of driving a vehicle Beam rear end is provided with the tenon (55) being connected with two-way individual layer car parking machine (2) tie-beam front end tongue-and-groove (228), and ground is provided with and deposited Vehicle device plane positioning surface mark (56).
9. device systems according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:Described device systems are used for city pavement trade Pavement face and its upper space between tree, the parking machine are that unidirectional double-layer car parking machine (6) and the parking frame are behaved Trade parking frame (8) and pavement face bicycle parking position (7).
10. device systems according to claim 9, it is characterised in that:
The unidirectional double-layer car parking machine (6) includes:Chassis (61), main crane boom (62), driving (63) and bridge;
The chassis (61) is using the different revolver of diameter(614)With right wheel (615), revolver, right wheel are driving wheel;
The chassis (61) is by driven by power, by revolver(614)With right wheel (615) differential steering, by revolver(614)And right wheel (615) rotating rotates in place parking machine;
Chassis (61) springboard (617) both sides are equipped with guiding curb (618);
When the main crane boom (62) minimizes height, its crossbeam and chassis (61) crossbeam are in sustained height, therefore main lifting Frame (62) does not increase the structure height of landing (616);
The tie-beam (625) that the left-hand end of the main crane boom (62) is equipped with and pavement is connected;Tie-beam (625) and main lifting The crossbeam (622) of frame (62) cuts with scissors (626) with lockable and is hinged;Tie-beam (625) front end is provided with the tongue-and-groove being connected with pavement (627);Tongue-and-groove (627) has positioning cross line built with the plane positioning camera overlooked downwards on its camera lens;
Guidance mirrors (628) are housed on the connecting hoop of the main crane boom (62);
The driving (63) includes driving chassis (631), bearing support (632), crane arm (633), and power section;
When the driving (63) minimizes height, its height is less than crossbeam (622) height of main crane boom (62), and driving again is walked Road angle steel (624) is located at lower edge on the inside of the crossbeam (622) of main crane boom (62), therefore driving (63) does not also increase landing (616) structure height;
The driving bearing support (632) is made up of 4 angle steel, is supported by 4 crane arms (633), crane arm (633) upper end passes through Hinge (63F) is hinged with driving bearing support (632), and lower end passes through the unidirectional double-layer car parking machine crane arm on hinge (63C) On road wheel (63D), the angle steel (63E) for being supported on driving chassis (631), the screw mandrel (63B) of transmission power passes through hinge (63C) Center, and be connected thereto and driven with screw thread;
The power section of the driving (63) has two functions, including:When gear (636) is allocated to rear, power passes through gear (636,637), axle (639), reaches unidirectional double-layer car parking machine driving wheel (635) driving driving (63) and retreats;Work as gear (636) when being allocated to front, power reaches screw mandrel (63B) to control driving bearing support (632) to lift by gear (63A).
11. device systems according to claim 9, it is characterised in that:The pavement parking frame (8) includes post (81), the symmetrical cantilever design of march-past of crossbeam (82) and longeron (83) composition, landing (84,85) is located at cantilever longitudinal beam (83) front and back end, crossbeam (82) cantilever end longeron (83) which is provided with driving guiding rib (86), longeron as driving aisle beam (83) rear end is provided with the tenon (87) being connected with unidirectional double-layer car parking machine (6) tie-beam (625) front end tongue-and-groove (627), ground Face is provided with parking machine plane positioning ground mark mark (88).
12. device systems according to claim 9, it is characterised in that:Pavement face bicycle parking position (7) includes pavement The driving aisle groove (71) in face, in driving aisle groove (71) rear end, the connection tenon (72) provided with embedment pavement.
CN201410164860.9A 2014-04-23 2014-04-23 Machine, frame combination bicycle parking method and the device systems for realizing the method Active CN103938901B (en)

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CN106312405A (en) * 2015-07-02 2017-01-11 王婧 Supporting non-polar mechanism for passive trolley
CN105672706A (en) * 2016-04-02 2016-06-15 湖南爱泊客智能装备有限责任公司 Centering matched grate type car carrying plate
CN106193693A (en) * 2016-08-30 2016-12-07 楊卫东 Guiding crane parked automatically by vehicle
CN108222598B (en) * 2018-02-01 2023-04-25 广西科技大学 Simple bicycle stereo garage and bicycle storing and taking method

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CN2221629Y (en) * 1995-01-26 1996-03-06 谭灼雄 Hydraulic control double-deck car-parking device
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