CN103924624B - Riverway sludge automation dehydration dredge boat and using method thereof - Google Patents

Riverway sludge automation dehydration dredge boat and using method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103924624B
CN103924624B CN201410098022.6A CN201410098022A CN103924624B CN 103924624 B CN103924624 B CN 103924624B CN 201410098022 A CN201410098022 A CN 201410098022A CN 103924624 B CN103924624 B CN 103924624B
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hull
separator
water
cabin
sludge
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CN201410098022.6A
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CN103924624A (en
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仇心金
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仇心金
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of riverway sludge automation dehydration dredge boat and using method thereof, is for the existing similar dredge boat function singleness of solution, sludge treatment comparatively inconvenience technical problem and design.This dredge boat comprises hull and bagger, its designing points is that this dredge boat also comprises gradient oscillating separator, filter pressing sludge water separator and the ancillary facility being arranged in hull upper strata, and be arranged in reagent water distribution cabin, the slurry cabin of hull lower floor, described reagent water distribution freight space, in described gradient oscillating separator bottom, is provided with in hull and reagent in reagent water distribution cabin is delivered to the water pump of gradient oscillating separator charging aperture; Described slurry cabin is positioned at the bottom of filter pressing sludge water separator, and communicates with the bottom discharge mouth of described gradient oscillating separator, is provided with slurry transportation to the slush pump of filter pressing sludge water separator and conveyer in hull.The present invention integrates desilting, decomposition, dehydration are multi-functional, pollution of effectively harnessing a river, and is suitable as channel cleanout dredge boat and uses.

Description

Riverway sludge automation dehydration dredge boat and using method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to bateau neck territory, is a kind of riverway sludge automation dehydration dredge boat and using method thereof.
Background technology
Water pollutions source is complicated, has plenty of household garbage and directly pours korneforos into, has plenty of industrial wastewater or architecture sediment directly discharges, and also has plenty of because the long-term not desilting in river bed causes pollution of waterhead and river bed to shoal.In the face of this series of environmental problems, national environmental protection portion and local government put into effect some policies of curbing environmental pollution and the behave of a series of more property, break a difficult problem, mend short slab, seek practical results.
Prior art has more rivers and lakes dredger, and desilting mode has strand suction, drawing-in type, rake suction, bucket wheel formula, jet absorption type etc.The common ground of these dredge boats be riverway sludge is clear on be transferred on the bank one deposit a little, and then carry out decomposing, dewatering, the mud of final moisture content about 60% delivers to brickmaking factory as brickmaking raw material or be poured into refuse landfill.This desilting mode needs to prepare a sheet of soil on the coast and builds up mud pit stored in mud, and the mud after dehydration also needs to deliver to brickmaking factory through transport, if relevant department's supervision is not in place, is easy to cause secondary pollution to environment.For this reason, the more efficient silt-cleaning vessel for river way easily of one to be designed is had.
Summary of the invention
For overcoming the problems referred to above, the object of the invention is to provide a kind of riverway sludge automation dehydration dredge boat and using method thereof to this area, making it solve existing similar dredge boat and only possess the function of dredging and carrying, the technical problem that sludge treatment is comparatively inconvenient.Its objective is and to be achieved through the following technical solutions.
A kind of riverway sludge automation dehydration dredge boat, this dredge boat comprises hull and bagger, its structural feature is that this dredge boat also comprises gradient oscillating separator, the filter pressing sludge water separator being arranged in hull upper strata, and be arranged in reagent water distribution cabin, the slurry cabin of hull lower floor, described reagent water distribution freight space, in described gradient oscillating separator bottom, is provided with in hull and reagent in reagent water distribution cabin is delivered to the water pump of gradient oscillating separator charging aperture; Described slurry cabin is positioned at the bottom of filter pressing sludge water separator, and communicates with the bottom discharge mouth of described gradient oscillating separator, is provided with slurry transportation to the slush pump of filter pressing sludge water separator in hull.By the cooperation of above-mentioned each mechanism, make this dredge boat integrate desilting, decomposition, dehydration etc. multi-functional, pollution of can not only effectively harnessing a river, and provide pug resource, for building trade provides high-quality energy-saving building materials can to plastics products for building factory.
Described hull is provided with suction dredge, and the feed pipe of suction dredge is connected with gradient oscillating separator.Namely when river course is darker, excavator implementation result is poor, adopts similar suction dredge in prior art to make up the problems referred to above.
Described hull is provided with the supervisory control desk controlling described bagger, gradient oscillating separator, filter pressing sludge water separator, water pump, slush pump, suction dredge in the lump.By this supervisory control desk, facilitate automation mechanized operation.
Be provided with the suction pump that upper water after slurry cabin is precipitated mud is delivered to described reagent water distribution cabin in described hull, make full use of with the circulation that this realizes water resource.
Described hull has been disposed adjacent conveyer with filter pressing sludge water separator, has been connected between this conveyer with hull by travel(l)ing rest, travel(l)ing rest is done 180 degree relative to plane on hull and is rotated and telescopic length.By arranging this conveyer, conveniently the pug after process is delivered to other vehicle equipment.
Described filter pressing sludge water separator with the syndeton of hull is: be provided with the cabin coordinated with filter pressing sludge water separator on hull upper strata, filter pressing sludge water separator is directly positioned in cabin.This kind of structure is comparatively simple, and is convenient to repair and replacement.
The using method of this riverway sludge automation dehydration dredge boat is: taken by bagger or suction dredge absorption riverway sludge, and riverway sludge is transferred to gradient oscillating separator, carry out Separation of Solid and Liquid by gradient oscillating separator to riverway sludge; While this gradient oscillating separator carries out processing, by water pump, the charging aperture that the reagent in reagent water distribution cabin is delivered to gradient oscillating separator is mixed with riverway sludge, thus accelerate being separated of thick material and mud in riverway sludge; Precipitation process is carried out in the slurry cabin that wherein slurry content is directly disposed to hull by the discharging opening of gradient oscillating separator; After slurry cabin precipitation process, form top is that portion is the hierarchy of mud under water, suction pump is utilized to recycle in upper water again suction reagent water distribution cabin, mud is then delivered to filter pressing sludge water separator by slush pump and carries out press filtration operation, water after press filtration is disposed in river, and the mud cake after press filtration is as the raw material producing haydite.
The invention has the advantages that: desilting, decomposition, dehydration three links, all disposablely aboard ship to complete, decompose thick Classification of materials recycling out, the clear water of dehydration is discharged in river, and the mud of moisture content 60% transports to the production raw material of factory as haydite.The land resources that the saving of this desilting process disposal options is a large amount of, alleviates cost of transportation can also to running enterprise, can not cause secondary pollution, can provide high-quality constructional materials again to nation-building to environment.Be suitable as desilting dredge boat to use, or the improvement of similar dredge boat.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is hull upper strata of the present invention Plane reference schematic diagram.
Fig. 3 is hull floor plane reference view of the present invention.
In figure, the name of sequence number is called: 1, hull, 2, bagger, 3, gradient oscillating separator, 4, reagent water distribution cabin, 5, water pump, 6, suction pump, 7, supervisory control desk, 8, slurry cabin, 801, upper water, 802 mud, 9, slush pump, 10, filter pressing sludge water separator, 11, conveyer, 12, suction dredge.
Detailed description of the invention
Now by reference to the accompanying drawings, the invention will be further described.
As shown in Figure 1, this riverway sludge automation dehydration dredge boat comprises hull 1, and from bagger 2, gradient oscillating separator 3, supervisory control desk 7, filter pressing sludge water separator 10, conveyer 11, suction dredge 12 that fore to stern is arranged successively on hull, because each manipulator is existing equipment, its mode that is fixedly connected with on hull with in the prior art to be fixedly connected with mode identical, therefore not to be described in detail.Major design of the present invention is by this kind equipment Combination application on hull, and coordinates the structure in hull to realize desilting, decomposition, dehydration three links.Specifically: be provided with reagent water distribution cabin 4 and slurry cabin 8 in hull, wherein reagent water distribution freight space is below gradient oscillating separator, slurry cabin is positioned at below supervisory control desk, filter pressing sludge separator, and slurry cabin communicates with the bottom discharge mouth of gradient oscillating separator.The water pump 5 reagent in reagent water distribution cabin being delivered to gradient oscillating separator charging aperture is also installed in hull, by the slurry transportation in slurry cabin to the slush pump 9 of filter pressing sludge water separator, and by after slurry cabin mud sediment, upper water is pumped to reagent water distribution cabin, realizes the mass transport between each manipulator of hull by these pumps.Fig. 2, Fig. 3 are the reference view that hull upper strata and substructure distribute when specifically implementing, for reference only.
Concrete use procedure of the present invention is: taken by bagger or suction dredge absorption riverway sludge, and riverway sludge is transferred to gradient oscillating separator, carry out Separation of Solid and Liquid by gradient oscillating separator to riverway sludge.While this gradient oscillating separator carries out processing, by water pump, the charging aperture that the reagent pump in reagent water distribution cabin delivers to gradient oscillating separator is mixed with riverway sludge, thus accelerate being separated of thick material and mud 802 in riverway sludge.Precipitation process is carried out in the slurry cabin that wherein slurry content is directly disposed to hull by the bottom discharge mouth of gradient oscillating separator.After slurry cabin precipitation process, form top is that portion is the hierarchy of mud under water, suction pump is utilized to recycle in upper water 801 again suction reagent water distribution cabin, mud is then delivered to filter pressing sludge water separator by slush pump and carries out press filtration operation, water after press filtration is disposed in river, mud cake after press filtration is delivered on other vehicle equipment by conveyer, directly delivers to by vehicle equipment the raw material that Building Materials Factory produces as haydite.Whole process and efficient, convenience thereof, automaticity is high, time saving and energy saving, eliminates and needs to build the loaded down with trivial details of all kinds of Treatment of Sludge region on land.
More than implement structure to be intended to technological means of the present invention is described, and unrestricted technical scope of the present invention.Those skilled in the art do apparent improvement in conjunction with existing common practise to the present invention, also fall within scope that claim protects.

Claims (7)

1. a riverway sludge automation dehydration dredge boat, this dredge boat comprises hull (1) and bagger (2); It is characterized in that this dredge boat also comprises gradient oscillating separator (3), the filter pressing sludge water separator (10) being arranged in hull (1) upper strata, and be arranged in reagent water distribution cabin (4), the slurry cabin (8) of hull lower floor, described reagent water distribution freight space, in described gradient oscillating separator bottom, is provided with the water pump (5) reagent in reagent water distribution cabin being delivered to gradient oscillating separator charging aperture in hull; Described slurry cabin is positioned at the bottom of filter pressing sludge water separator, and communicates with the bottom discharge mouth of described gradient oscillating separator, is provided with the slush pump (9) mud (802) in slurry cabin being delivered to filter pressing sludge water separator in hull.
2. riverway sludge automation dehydration dredge boat according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described hull (1) is provided with suction dredge (12), the feed pipe of suction dredge is connected with gradient oscillating separator (3).
3. riverway sludge automation dehydration dredge boat according to claim 2, is characterized in that described hull (1) is provided with the supervisory control desk (7) controlling described bagger (2), gradient oscillating separator (3), filter pressing sludge water separator (10), water pump (5), slush pump (9), suction dredge (12) in the lump.
4. riverway sludge automation dehydration dredge boat according to claim 3, is characterized in that being provided with in described hull (1) upper water (801) after slurry cabin (8) is precipitated mud and is delivered to the suction pump (6) of described reagent water distribution cabin (4).
5. riverway sludge automation dehydration dredge boat according to claim 4, it is characterized in that described hull (1) is upper and be disposed adjacent conveyer (11) with filter pressing sludge water separator (10), be connected by travel(l)ing rest between this conveyer with hull, travel(l)ing rest is done 180 degree relative to plane on hull and is rotated and telescopic length.
6. riverway sludge automation dehydration dredge boat according to claim 5, it is characterized in that described filter pressing sludge water separator (10) with the syndeton of hull (1) is: be provided with the cabin coordinated with filter pressing sludge water separator on hull upper strata, filter pressing sludge water separator is directly positioned in cabin.
7. the using method of a riverway sludge automation dehydration dredge boat as claimed in claim 4, it is characterized in that the method is: taken by bagger (2) or suction dredge (12) absorption riverway sludge, and riverway sludge is transferred to gradient oscillating separator (3), by gradient oscillating separator, feed separation is carried out to riverway sludge; While this gradient oscillating separator carries out processing, by water pump (5), the charging aperture that the reagent in reagent water distribution cabin (4) is delivered to gradient oscillating separator is mixed with riverway sludge, thus accelerate being separated of thick material and mud (802) in riverway sludge; Precipitation process is carried out in the slurry cabin (8) that wherein slurry content is directly disposed to hull (1) by the discharging opening of gradient oscillating separator; After slurry cabin precipitation process, form top is that portion is the hierarchy of mud under water, suction pump (6) is utilized to recycle in upper water (801) again suction reagent water distribution cabin, mud is then delivered to filter pressing sludge water separator (10) by slush pump (9) and carries out press filtration operation, water after press filtration is disposed in river, and the mud cake after press filtration is as the raw material producing haydite.
CN201410098022.6A 2014-03-17 2014-03-17 Riverway sludge automation dehydration dredge boat and using method thereof Expired - Fee Related CN103924624B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105275036A (en) * 2015-11-06 2016-01-27 江苏一品环保科技有限公司 River channel dredging and fertilizer making system
CN106049589A (en) * 2016-07-12 2016-10-26 上海掘瑞机械科技有限公司 Digging and sucking type multifunctional dredging machine
CN108086382A (en) * 2016-11-22 2018-05-29 中洁惠能科技(北京)有限公司 A kind of environment-protective desilting construction technology and system
CN106930349A (en) * 2017-05-16 2017-07-07 密西西比国际水务有限公司 The method and system of large reservoir, lake environment-protective desilting
CN109056866A (en) * 2018-08-23 2018-12-21 杭州市水务控股集团有限公司 The integrated ship of the river bottom mud cleaning and dehydration of way moving in city river
CN110559736B (en) * 2019-09-17 2020-05-15 龙建路桥股份有限公司 Environment-friendly river sludge cleaning treatment method

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101024548A (en) * 2006-02-20 2007-08-29 曹健 Lake dredging bottom-mud dewatering integrated treatment technology
CN101725162A (en) * 2008-10-10 2010-06-09 鄂州市三祥机械有限公司 Well-type grab bucket sand dredging and desilting ship
CN203808135U (en) * 2014-03-17 2014-09-03 仇心金 Automatic dehydration dredger for river channel sludge

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JP2002018499A (en) * 2000-07-07 2002-01-22 Nippon Steel Corp Dewatering treatment barge for muddy water
JP2005146767A (en) * 2003-11-19 2005-06-09 Penta Ocean Constr Co Ltd Water bottom dredging method and its device in solid foreign matter remaining water zone

Patent Citations (3)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101024548A (en) * 2006-02-20 2007-08-29 曹健 Lake dredging bottom-mud dewatering integrated treatment technology
CN101725162A (en) * 2008-10-10 2010-06-09 鄂州市三祥机械有限公司 Well-type grab bucket sand dredging and desilting ship
CN203808135U (en) * 2014-03-17 2014-09-03 仇心金 Automatic dehydration dredger for river channel sludge

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