CN110559736B - Environment-friendly river sludge cleaning treatment method - Google Patents

Environment-friendly river sludge cleaning treatment method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110559736B
CN110559736B CN201910874474.1A CN201910874474A CN110559736B CN 110559736 B CN110559736 B CN 110559736B CN 201910874474 A CN201910874474 A CN 201910874474A CN 110559736 B CN110559736 B CN 110559736B
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China
Prior art keywords
mud
sand
silt
motor
separation
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CN201910874474.1A
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CN110559736A (en
Inventor
冯露晨
陈海涛
杨宁
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Longjian Road and Bridge Co Ltd
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Longjian Road and Bridge Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201910874474.1A priority Critical patent/CN110559736B/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D36/00Filter circuits or combinations of filters with other separating devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D36/00Filter circuits or combinations of filters with other separating devices
    • B01D36/02Combinations of filters of different kinds
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B9/00Cleaning hollow articles by methods or apparatus specially adapted thereto
    • B08B9/08Cleaning containers, e.g. tanks
    • B08B9/0804Cleaning containers having tubular shape, e.g. casks, barrels, drums
    • B08B9/0808Cleaning containers having tubular shape, e.g. casks, barrels, drums by methods involving the use of tools, e.g. by brushes, scrapers
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02FDREDGING; SOIL-SHIFTING
    • E02F3/00Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines
    • E02F3/04Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines mechanically-driven
    • E02F3/88Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines mechanically-driven with arrangements acting by a sucking or forcing effect, e.g. suction dredgers

Abstract

The invention provides an environment-friendly river channel sludge cleaning and processing method, which comprises the operation of matching a mounting plate, two side plates, a garbage separation device, a sludge extraction device, a silt separation device, a linear vibrating screen and a moving device.

Description

Environment-friendly river sludge cleaning treatment method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of river channel sludge cleaning, in particular to an environment-friendly river channel sludge cleaning treatment method.
Background
River water absorbs the silt along the bank in the flowing process and deposits on the riverbed to form a silt layer under the river bottom, the silt can be beneficial to the rooting and growth of underwater plants, the significance is great for fishes living under the river water, the safety of riverway ships can be affected by the silt with excessive siltation, the garbage in the silt can cause pollution, the riverway siltation increasingly affects the normal play of various functions such as flood control, flood drainage, irrigation, water supply, navigation and the like, and the riverway needs to be desilted and dredged regularly for recovering the normal functions of the riverway.
In the actual river sludge cleaning construction process, the following problems generally exist:
(1) the existing dredging mainly adopts a construction method of manual cleaning and mechanical transportation and unloading, but when the river sludge is cleaned in a manual mode, the works of cofferdam, water pumping, cleaning and the like are needed, and the cofferdam and the water pumping need a large amount of time, so that the dredging efficiency is low, and the normal use of all functions of the river is influenced;
(2) the majority of the existing mechanical equipment for treating sludge is still large-scale salvaging ships, salvaging and dredging are carried out by using a bucket or a chain bucket, the salvaging and dredging speed is slow, and after a certain amount of sludge is stored in the salvaging ships, the sludge stored in the salvaging ships needs to be carried away by a shore to carry out next dredging operation, and the dredging process is complicated.
In order to make up the defects of the prior art, the invention provides an environment-friendly river sludge cleaning treatment method.
Disclosure of Invention
The technical scheme adopted by the invention to solve the technical problem is as follows: an environment-friendly river sludge cleaning treatment method comprises the following specific cleaning treatment optimization methods:
s1, sludge suction: according to the depth of the river channel, the telescopic length of the telescopic suction cylinder is adjusted, so that the telescopic suction cylinder can suck silt at the bottom of the river bed;
s2, separating garbage: the separating motor drives the screen to vibrate, so that a mixture of water, sand and mud falls into the bottom of the separating barrel, larger garbage is filtered by the screen and is collected and treated by the rectangular through holes, smaller garbage is filtered and collected by the screen, and the garbage collected by the screen can be periodically removed by the rectangular through holes;
s3, separating silt: conveying the mixture of the water, the sand and the mud in the step S into a mud-sand separator through a feeding pipe by a mud-water conveying pump I so as to primarily separate the mud and the sand, and conveying the mixture separated in a return box into the mud-sand separator through a return pipe by a mud-water conveying pump II so as to secondarily separate the mixture;
s4, collecting and stacking sand: the sand separated in the step S falls into a linear vibrating screen through a sand outlet, and water is gradually removed under strong motion through vibration of the vibrating screen, so that the sand after preliminary dehydration is collected and stacked;
s5, stacking sludge: the filtered muddy water is stored in the material returning box, one part of the filtered muddy water is conveyed to the silt separator by the second muddy water conveying pump for secondary separation, the redundant muddy water is discharged to a river channel after the overflow pipe filters the silt, and the muddy water with higher concentration can be left in the material returning box and is stacked together through manual collection.
In the process of cleaning the river sludge in the step S-S, the river sludge cleaning equipment comprises a mounting plate, two side plates, a garbage separation device, a sludge extraction device, a sludge separation device, a linear vibrating screen and a moving device, wherein the side plates are symmetrically welded on the front side and the rear side of the right side of the upper end of the mounting plate, the garbage separation device is welded on the left end of the mounting plate, the sludge extraction device is installed on the rear side of the garbage separation device through a pin shaft, the sludge separation device is installed between the two side plates in a welding mode, the linear vibrating screen is installed in the middle of each side plate, and the moving device is installed at the lower end of the mounting plate; wherein:
the garbage separating device comprises a separating barrel, a separating motor, a flywheel, a triangular connecting rod, a screen, a vibrating spring and a filter screen, wherein the separating barrel is welded at the upper end of the right side of a mounting plate in a welding mode, the separating motor is mounted at the right side of the upper end of the separating barrel through a motor mounting plate, an output shaft of the separating motor is connected with the flywheel, the triangular connecting rod is mounted in the middle of the flywheel through a pin shaft, the screen is mounted at the lower end of the triangular connecting rod through a hinge and connected with the separating barrel through the vibrating spring, the vibrating spring plays roles of buffering protection and assisting vibration when the screen vibrates, the filter screen is arranged at the lower end of the screen and mounted on the inner wall of the separating barrel, during the specific work, the separating motor rotates to drive the flywheel to rotate, so that the triangular connecting rod swings, the screen vibrates, garbage extracted into riverbed sludge in, and the mixture of water, sand and mud falls to filter screen department, filters once more through the filter screen for the less rubbish of volume or diameter further separates with water, sand and mud, and the mixture of water, sand and mud falls into the separation barrel bottom through the filter screen after filtering and carries out work on next step, and filterable rubbish on the filter screen can be taken out through the separation barrel when equipment stop work.
The silt separation device comprises two feeding pipes, two slurry-water conveying pumps I, a silt separator, a material returning box, a material returning pipe, a slurry-water conveying pump II and four overflow pipes, the right side of the lower end of a separation barrel is connected with the silt separator through the feeding pipes, the slurry-water conveying pump I is installed at the lower end of the feeding pipes, the upper ends of the feeding pipes are arranged inside the silt separator, the silt separator is installed at the upper end of a side plate in a welding mode, the material returning box is installed at the upper end of an installation plate in a welding mode, the material returning pipe is installed at the left end of the material returning box, the slurry-water conveying pump II is installed at the lower end of the material returning pipe, the upper end of the material; during operation, water after separating refuse treatment, the mixture of sand and mud falls into the separation barrel bottom, carry it to the feed pipe through muddy water delivery pump one, thereby make water, the mixture of sand and mud gets into inside the silt separator, make water, mud and sand in the mixture of sand and mud separate through the silt separator, sand gets into linear vibrating screen through the silt separator and carries out processing on next step, mud is melted the aquatic and is carried to the returning charge case through the silt separator, through muddy water delivery pump two, make the muddy water in the returning charge case carry to the silt separator in, thereby carry out secondary separation to muddy water.
The silt separator comprises a separation shell, a separation shell cover, a rotating motor, a rotating shaft, six stirring disks, a sand outlet and a mud-water outlet, wherein the separation shell is arranged on the inner wall of a side plate in a welding mode, the separation shell cover is arranged at the upper end of the separation shell in a thread fit mode and plays a role in sealing, the rotating motor is arranged in the middle of the separation shell cover, an output shaft of the rotating motor is connected with one end of the rotating shaft, the other end of the rotating shaft is connected with the separation shell through a bearing, the stirring disks are uniformly arranged on the rotating shaft along the axial direction of the rotating shaft, the sand outlet is welded at the lower end of the separation shell, the mud-water outlet is arranged on the left side of the sand outlet, the mud-water outlet is welded on the separation shell, and during specific work, a mixture of water, sand and mud is conveyed into the separation, make the agitator disk synchronous revolution to make the mixture of water, husky and mud receive centrifugal force effect rotation, and then make mud fully melt into aquatic, muddy water passes through the muddy water export and carries into in the feed back box, and husky obeys the shell wall motion of water to the separation casing, and is close to separation casing bottom under self action of gravity, thereby makes husky can follow a sand outlet and carry to rectilinear vibrating screen and dewater and collect.
According to a preferable technical scheme, the left end and the right end of the inner wall of the separation barrel are provided with vibration spring seats, vibration springs are arranged in the vibration spring seats, and the middle of the front end of the separation barrel is provided with a rectangular through hole.
According to a preferable technical scheme, the sludge extraction device comprises a telescopic suction cylinder and a submersible slurry pump, the telescopic suction cylinder is mounted at the upper end of the rear side of the separation barrel through a pin shaft, riverways at different depths are cleaned by adjusting the length of the telescopic suction cylinder, the submersible slurry pump is arranged at the lower end of the telescopic suction cylinder, and the submersible slurry pump can absorb sludge on a river bed.
As a preferred technical scheme of the invention, the linear vibrating screen comprises a motor mounting block, a vibrating screen, a rubber spring, a sand baffle, two vibrating motors and two eccentric blocks, wherein the lower end of the motor mounting block is mounted at the upper end of the vibrating screen in a welding mode, the lower end of the vibrating screen is connected with a side plate through the rubber spring, the rubber spring plays roles of buffering protection and auxiliary vibration when the vibrating screen vibrates, the sand baffle is connected at the right end of the vibrating screen through a hinge, the vibrating motors are symmetrically mounted at the upper end of the motor mounting block through a motor mounting seat in a front-back mode, the eccentric blocks are welded on an output shaft of the vibrating motors, and during specific work, the two vibrating motors synchronously rotate in opposite directions to drive the vibrating screen to vibrate in a direction vertical to the axial direction of the vibrating motors, so that sand moves forwards along the vibrating screen surface, and sand and water smaller than screen holes passes through the screen surface, thereby, And (4) desliming, and after dehydration, dropping the sand into a collecting frame or a conveying belt through a sand baffle for collection and stacking.
According to a preferable technical scheme of the invention, a rubber spring seat is arranged on the inner side of the side plate, the rubber spring is installed in the rubber spring seat, two rectangular grooves are formed in the inner side of the side plate, cylindrical sliding blocks are arranged at the front end and the rear end of the motor installation block and are installed in the rectangular grooves in a sliding fit mode, the cylindrical sliding blocks move along the rectangular grooves when the vibration motor vibrates, and the rectangular grooves play a role in limiting and guiding.
As a preferred technical scheme of the invention, the moving device comprises a driving motor, a pinion, a gearwheel, a driving shaft, two driving wheels, four connecting rods, two driven wheels and two tracks, wherein the driving motor is arranged on the left side of the lower end of a mounting plate through a motor mounting seat, an output shaft of the motor is connected with the pinion, the pinion is meshed with the gearwheel, the gearwheel is arranged on the driving shaft, the driving wheels are symmetrically arranged at the front end and the rear end of the driving shaft, the connecting rods are welded at the lower end of the mounting plate, the driven wheels are arranged on the right connecting rod through pin shafts, the driving wheels are arranged on the left connecting rod through pin shafts, the driving wheels and the driven wheels are connected through tracks, during specific work, the pinion is driven to rotate through the driving motor, so that the gearwheel meshed with the, the driving motor rotates reversely, and the river sludge cleaning equipment moves backwards.
As a preferred technical scheme of the invention, the left end of the overflow pipe is provided with an annular groove, the annular groove is provided with a filtering gauze, the filtering gauze is fixed by a rope, when the height of the muddy water in the return bin exceeds the lower end of the overflow pipe, the muddy water is filtered by the filtering gauze, so that the redundant muddy water after filtering is discharged, and the return bin after draining through the overflow pipe is subjected to sludge centralized cleaning and stacking at regular intervals.
As a preferred technical scheme of the invention, the outer end of the stirring disc is provided with the brush, and the upper surface and the lower surface of the stirring disc are provided with the protrusions with different shapes, when the stirring disc works, the rotating motor drives the stirring disc to rotate, so that the brush at the outer end of the stirring disc synchronously rotates, the brush cleans the inner wall of the separation shell, and solid particles in a mixture of water, sand and mud can be crushed through the protrusions on the surface of the stirring disc.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following advantages:
1. the invention provides an environment-friendly river channel sludge cleaning treatment method, which is characterized in that the river channel sludge is cleaned in a multi-stage filtering and separating mode, the sludge is cleaned under the conditions of no water drainage, no flow cutoff and no navigation interruption, the works of cofferdam, water pumping, cleaning and the like on the river channel are not needed, the defect that the sludge needs to be carried out by going to the bank during the water operation and storage is avoided by a land dredging mode, the dredging process is simple, and the dredging efficiency is high;
2. according to the environment-friendly river channel sludge cleaning treatment method provided by the invention, the extracted sludge is filtered twice through the arranged screen and the filter screen, so that the garbage is separated from the sludge, and the garbage is treated in a centralized manner through the rectangular through holes, thereby reducing pollution and purifying water sources;
3. according to the environment-friendly river channel sludge cleaning treatment method provided by the invention, mud and sand are separated by the mud-sand separator, the separated mud and water are conveyed into the mud-sand separator again through the mud-water conveying pump I and the mud-water conveying pump II, so that the mud and the sand are subjected to secondary separation, and the brush on the stirring disc can clean the inner wall of the separation shell, so that the inner wall of the separation shell is prevented from being corroded and rusted.
Drawings
The invention is further illustrated with reference to the following figures and examples.
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a front cross-sectional view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a top view of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the structure between the separation motor, the flywheel, the triangular connecting rod and the screen mesh according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the structure between the driving motor, the pinion gear, the bull gear, the driving shaft and the driving wheel of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is an enlarged view of the invention taken from the N-direction of FIG. 2;
FIG. 7 is an enlarged view of the invention in section X of FIG. 2;
fig. 8 is a Y-direction partial enlarged view of fig. 2 of the present invention.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical means, the creation characteristics, the achievement purposes and the effects of the invention easy to understand, the invention is further explained below by combining the specific drawings. It should be noted that the embodiments and features of the embodiments in the present application may be combined with each other without conflict.
As shown in fig. 1 to 8, an environment-friendly river sludge cleaning treatment method, specifically a cleaning treatment optimization method, comprises the following steps:
s1, sludge suction: according to the depth of the river channel, the telescopic length of the telescopic suction cylinder 41 is adjusted, so that the telescopic suction cylinder 41 can suck silt at the bottom of the river bed;
s2, separating garbage: the separation motor 32 drives the screen 35 to vibrate, so that the mixture of water, sand and mud falls into the bottom of the separation barrel 31, larger garbage is filtered by the screen 35 and is collected and processed by the rectangular through holes, smaller garbage is filtered and collected by the filter screen 37, and the garbage collected by the filter screen 37 can be periodically removed by the rectangular through holes;
s3, separating silt: the mixture of water, sand and mud in the step S2 is conveyed into a silt separator 53 through a feeding pipe 51 by a first mud-water conveying pump 52, so that mud and sand are primarily separated, and the mixture separated in a return material box 54 is conveyed into the silt separator 53 through a return pipe 55 by a second mud-water conveying pump 56 for secondary separation;
s4, collecting and stacking sand: the sand separated in the step S3 falls into the linear vibrating screen 6 through the sand outlet 536, and the water is gradually removed under the strong motion by the vibration of the vibrating screen 62, so that the sand after the preliminary dehydration is collected and stacked;
s5, stacking sludge: the filtered mud water is stored in the return material box 54, one part of the filtered mud water is conveyed to the silt separator 53 by the mud water conveying pump II 56 for secondary separation, the redundant mud water is discharged to a river channel after sludge is filtered by the overflow pipe 57, and the mud water with higher concentration is left in the return material box 54 and is manually collected and stacked together.
In the process of cleaning river sludge in the steps S1-S5, the river sludge cleaning equipment comprises a mounting plate 1, two side plates 2, a garbage separating device 3, a sludge extracting device 4, a silt separating device 5, a linear vibrating screen 6 and a moving device 7, wherein the side plates 2 are symmetrically welded on the front side and the rear side of the right side of the upper end of the mounting plate 1, the garbage separating device 3 is welded on the left end of the mounting plate 1, the silt extracting device 4 is installed on the rear side of the garbage separating device 3 through a pin shaft, the silt separating device 5 is installed between the two side plates 2 in a welding mode, the linear vibrating screen 6 is installed in the middle of each side plate 2, and the moving device 7 is installed at the lower end of the mounting plate 1; wherein:
the garbage separating device 3 comprises a separating barrel 31, a separating motor 32, a flywheel 33, a triangular connecting rod 34, a screen 35, a vibrating spring 36 and a filter screen 37, the separating barrel 31 is welded at the upper end of the right side of a mounting plate 1 in a welding mode, the separating motor 32 is installed at the right side of the upper end of the separating barrel 31 through the motor mounting plate 1, an output shaft of the separating motor 32 is connected with the flywheel 33, the triangular connecting rod 34 is installed in the middle of the flywheel 33 through a pin shaft, the screen 35 is installed at the lower end of the triangular connecting rod 34 through a hinge, the screen 35 is connected with the separating barrel 31 through the vibrating spring 36, the vibrating spring 36 plays roles of buffering protection and auxiliary vibration when the screen 35 vibrates, the filter screen 37 is arranged at the lower end of the screen 35, the filter screen 37 is installed on the inner wall of the separating barrel 31, during specific work, the, make the extraction get into the rubbish and water, sand and the mud in the riverbed silt of separator tank 31 separate, the great rubbish of volume or diameter is screened by screen cloth 35, and the mixture whereabouts of water, sand and mud is to filter 37 department, filter once more through screen cloth 37 for the less rubbish of volume or diameter further separates with water, sand and mud, the mixture of water, sand and mud falls into the separator tank 31 bottom after filtering through screen cloth 37 and carries out work on next step, the rubbish of filtering on the screen cloth 37 can be taken out through separator tank 31 when equipment stop work.
The silt separation device 5 comprises two feed pipes 51, two sludge-water delivery pumps I52, a silt separator 53, a return box 54, a return pipe 55, a sludge-water delivery pump II 56 and four overflow pipes 57, the right side of the lower end of the separation barrel 31 is connected with the silt separator 53 through the feed pipes 51, the sludge-water delivery pump I52 is installed at the lower end of the feed pipe 51, the upper end of the feed pipe 51 is arranged inside the silt separator 53, the silt separator 53 is installed at the upper end of the side plate 2 in a welding mode, the return box 54 is installed at the upper end of the mounting plate 1 in a welding mode, the return pipe 55 is installed at the left end of the return box 54, the sludge-water delivery pump II 56 is installed at the lower end of the return pipe 55, the upper end of the return pipe 55 is arranged inside the silt separator 53, and the overflow pipes 57; during specific work, the mixture of water, sand and mud after separation refuse treatment falls into separation barrel 31 bottom, carry it to feed pipe 51 through a mud-water delivery pump 52, thereby make inside the mixture of water, sand and mud gets into silt separator 53, make mud and sand in the mixture of water, sand and mud separate through silt separator 53, sand gets into rectilinear vibrating screen 6 through silt separator 53 and carries out processing on next step, mud melts into aquatic and carries to returning charge case 54 through silt separator 53, through two 56 mud-water delivery pumps, make the mud-water in returning charge case 54 carry to silt separator 53 in, thereby carry out secondary separation to mud-water.
The silt separator 53 comprises a separation shell 531, a separation shell cover 532, a rotating motor 533, a rotating shaft 534, six stirring disks 535, a sand outlet 536 and a mud-water outlet 537, wherein the separation shell 531 is installed on the inner wall of the side plate 2 in a welding manner, the separation shell cover 532 is installed at the upper end of the separation shell 531 in a thread fit manner, the separation shell cover 532 plays a role of sealing, the rotating motor 533 is installed at the middle part of the separation shell cover 532, an output shaft of the rotating motor 533 is connected with one end of the rotating shaft 534, the other end of the rotating shaft 534 is connected with the separation shell 531 through a bearing, the rotating shaft 534 is uniformly provided with the stirring disks 535 along the axial direction thereof, the sand outlet 536 is welded at the lower end of the separation shell, the mud-water outlet 537 is arranged at the left side of the sand outlet 536, the outlet 537 is welded on the separation shell 531, and during specific work, a mixture of water, sand, rotate through rotating electrical machines 533, thereby it is rotatory to drive rotation axis 534, make agitator disk 535 synchronous revolution, thereby make the mixture of water, sand and mud receive centrifugal force effect rotatory, and then make mud fully melt into aquatic, during muddy water is carried into return feed box 54 through muddy water outlet 537, and shakeobe the shell wall motion of water to separation housing 531, and be close to separation housing 531 bottom under self action of gravity, thereby make sand can be carried to rectilinear vibrating screen 6 from sand outlet 536 and dewater and collect.
Vibration spring seat has been seted up at both ends about 31 inner walls of separation bucket, is provided with vibrating spring 36 in the vibration spring seat, and has seted up the rectangle through-hole in the middle part of 31 front ends of separation bucket, and concrete during operation, through the rectangle through-hole that 31 front ends were seted up to carry out the collection processing with the rubbish of separating, and filter screen 37 goes up the less rubbish of volume of crossing off, can take out through the rectangle through-hole when equipment shuts down.
The sludge extraction device 4 comprises a telescopic suction cylinder 41 and a submersible slurry pump 42, the telescopic suction cylinder 41 is mounted at the upper end of the rear side of the separation barrel 31 through a pin shaft, the length of the telescopic suction cylinder 41 is adjusted, so that riverways with different depths are cleaned, the submersible slurry pump 42 is arranged at the lower end of the telescopic suction cylinder 41, and the submersible slurry pump 42 can absorb sludge on a riverbed.
The linear vibrating screen 6 comprises a motor mounting block 61, a vibrating screen 62, a rubber spring 63, a sand baffle plate 64, two vibrating motors 65 and two eccentric blocks 66, wherein the lower end of the motor mounting block 61 is mounted at the upper end of the vibrating screen 62 in a welding mode, the lower end of the vibrating screen 62 is connected with the side plate 2 through the rubber spring 63, the rubber spring 63 plays roles of buffering protection and auxiliary vibration when the vibrating screen 62 vibrates, the sand baffle plate 64 is connected at the right end of the vibrating screen 62 through a hinge, the vibrating motors 65 are symmetrically mounted at the upper end of the motor mounting block 61 in a front-back mode through a motor mounting seat, the eccentric blocks 66 are welded on an output shaft of the vibrating motors 65, when the linear vibrating screen works, the two vibrating motors 65 synchronously and reversely rotate, so that the eccentric blocks 66 drive the vibrating screen 62 to vibrate along the direction vertical to the axial direction of the vibrating motors 65, sand moves forwards along the screen surface of the vibrating screen 62, therefore, the dehydration and desliming of the sand are realized, and the sand falls into a collecting frame or a conveying belt for collection and stacking through a sand baffle plate 64 after the dehydration is finished.
2 inboard of curb plate is provided with the rubber spring seat, and rubber spring 63 installs in the rubber spring seat, and two rectangular channels have been seted up to 2 inboard of curb plate, and both ends are provided with the cylinder slider around motor installation piece 61, and the cylinder slider passes through sliding fit's mode to be installed in the rectangular channel, and the cylinder slider removes along the rectangular channel when vibrating motor 65 vibrates, and the rectangular channel plays the effect of spacing direction.
The moving device 7 comprises a driving motor 71, a pinion 72, a gearwheel 73, a driving shaft 74, two driving wheels 75, four connecting rods 76, two driven wheels 77 and two caterpillar tracks 78, the driving motor 71 is mounted on the left side of the lower end of the mounting plate 1 through a motor mounting seat, an output shaft of the motor is connected with the pinion 72, the pinion 72 is meshed with the gearwheel 73, the gearwheel 73 is mounted on the driving shaft 74, the driving wheels 75 are symmetrically mounted at the front end and the rear end of the driving shaft 74, the connecting rods 76 are welded at the lower end of the mounting plate 1, the driven wheels 77 are mounted on the right end connecting rod 76 through a pin shaft, the driving wheels 75 are mounted on the left end connecting rod 76 through a pin shaft, the driving wheels 75 are connected with the driven wheels 77 through the caterpillar tracks 78, during specific work, the driving motor 71 drives, the caterpillar 78 is further rotated, the river sludge cleaning apparatus moves forward, the driving motor 71 rotates reversely, and the river sludge cleaning apparatus moves backward.
The overflow pipe 57 left end is provided with the annular groove, and is provided with the filtration gauze on the annular groove, and it is fixed that the filtration gauze passes through the rope, and when the height of muddy water exceeded overflow pipe 57 lower extreme in the return material case 54, filter the muddy water through filtering the gauze to the unnecessary muddy water after the filtration of discharge, and regularly carry out silt to return material case 54 after the drainage through overflow pipe 57 and concentrate the clearance and stack.
The agitator disk 535 outer end is provided with the brush, and the agitator disk 535 upper and lower surface is provided with the arch that the shape is different, and during specific work, it is rotatory to drive agitator disk 535 through rotating electrical machines 533 for the brush synchronous revolution of agitator disk 535 outer end, thereby make the brush clear up the inner wall of separation casing 531, and can smash the solid particle in the mixture of water, sand and mud through the arch on agitator disk 535 surface.
The foregoing illustrates and describes the principles, general features, and advantages of the present invention. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, which are given by way of illustration of the principles of the present invention, and that various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (8)

1. An environment-friendly river sludge cleaning treatment method is characterized by comprising the following steps: the specific cleaning treatment optimization method is as follows:
s1, sludge suction: according to the depth of the river channel, the telescopic length of the telescopic suction cylinder (41) is adjusted, so that the telescopic suction cylinder (41) can suck silt at the bottom of the river bed;
s2, separating garbage: the separating motor (32) drives the screen (35) to vibrate, so that a mixture of water, sand and mud falls into the bottom of the separating barrel (31), larger garbage is filtered by the screen (35) and is collected and processed through the rectangular through holes, smaller garbage is filtered and collected by the filter screen (37), and the garbage collected by the filter screen (37) can be periodically removed through the rectangular through holes;
s3, separating silt: the mixture of the water, the sand and the mud in the step S2 is conveyed into a silt separator (53) through a feeding pipe (51) by a first mud-water conveying pump (52), so that the mud and the sand are primarily separated, and the mixture separated in a return box (54) is conveyed into the silt separator (53) through a return pipe (55) by a second mud-water conveying pump (56) for secondary separation;
s4, collecting and stacking sand: the sand separated in the step S3 falls into the linear vibrating screen (6) through the sand outlet (536), and the vibrating screen (62) vibrates to gradually remove moisture under strong motion, so that the sand after primary drying is collected and stacked;
s5, stacking sludge: filtered mud and water are stored in the return box (54), one part of the filtered mud and water is conveyed to the silt separator (53) by the mud and water conveying pump II (56) for secondary separation, redundant mud and water is discharged to a river channel after being filtered by the overflow pipe (57), and mud and water with higher concentration are left in the return box (54) and are manually collected and stacked together;
in the river course silt cleaning process of above-mentioned step S1-S5, still relate to a river course silt cleaning equipment, river course silt cleaning equipment include mounting panel (1), two curb plates (2), rubbish separator (3), silt draw-out device (4), silt separator (5), linear vibration sieve (6) and mobile device (7), its characterized in that: the sludge and sand separating device is characterized in that side plates (2) are symmetrically welded on the front side and the rear side of the right side of the upper end of the mounting plate (1), a garbage separating device (3) is welded at the left end of the mounting plate (1), a sludge extracting device (4) is installed on the rear side of the garbage separating device (3) through a pin shaft, a sludge and sand separating device (5) is installed between the two side plates (2) in a welding mode, a linear vibrating screen (6) is installed in the middle of each side plate (2), and a moving device (7); wherein:
the garbage separating device (3) comprises a separating barrel (31), a separating motor (32), a flywheel (33), a triangular connecting rod (34), a screen (35), a vibrating spring (36) and a filter screen (37), the separating barrel (31) is welded to the upper end of the right side of a mounting plate (1) in a welding mode, the separating motor (32) is mounted on the right side of the upper end of the separating barrel (31) through the motor mounting plate (1), an output shaft of the separating motor (32) is connected with the flywheel (33), the triangular connecting rod (34) is mounted in the middle of the flywheel (33) through a pin shaft, the screen (35) is mounted at the lower end of the triangular connecting rod (34) through a hinge, the screen (35) is connected with the separating barrel (31) through the vibrating spring (36), the filter screen (37) is arranged at the lower end of the;
the silt separation device (5) comprises two feeding pipes (51), two mud-water conveying pumps I (52), a silt separator (53), a return box (54), a return pipe (55), a mud-water conveying pump II (56) and four overflow pipes (57), the right side of the lower end of a separation barrel (31) is connected with the silt separator (53) through the feeding pipes (51), the mud-water conveying pumps I (52) are installed at the lower end of the feeding pipes (51), the upper ends of the feeding pipes (51) are arranged inside the silt separator (53), the silt separator (53) is installed at the upper end of a side plate (2) in a welding mode, the return box (54) is installed at the upper end of a mounting plate (1) in a welding mode, the return pipe (55) is installed at the left end of the return box (54), the mud-water conveying pump II (56) is installed at the lower end of the return pipe (55), the upper end of the return pipe (55, overflow pipes (57) are uniformly arranged at the right end of the return box (54) from front to back;
the silt separator (53) comprises a separation shell (531), a separation shell cover (532), a rotating motor (533), a rotating shaft (534), six stirring disks (535), a silt outlet (536) and a muddy water outlet (537), the separation casing (531) is installed at curb plate (2) inner wall through the welded mode, separation casing (531) upper end is installed through screw-thread fit's mode and is separated shell lid (532), separation shell lid (532) mid-mounting has rotating electrical machines (533), the output shaft of rotating electrical machines (533) links to each other with the one end of rotation axis (534), the other end of rotation axis (534) passes through the bearing and links to each other with separation casing (531), rotation axis (534) evenly is provided with agitator disk (535) along its axial, the welding of separation casing (531) lower extreme has sand outlet (536), sand outlet (536) left side is provided with muddy water outlet (537), muddy water outlet (537) welding is on separation casing (531).
2. The environment-friendly river sludge cleaning treatment method according to claim 1, characterized in that: vibration spring seats are arranged at the left end and the right end of the inner wall of the separation barrel (31), vibration springs (36) are arranged in the vibration spring seats, and rectangular through holes are formed in the middle of the front end of the separation barrel (31).
3. The environment-friendly river sludge cleaning treatment method according to claim 1, characterized in that: the sludge extraction device (4) comprises a telescopic suction cylinder (41) and a submersible slurry pump (42), the telescopic suction cylinder (41) is mounted at the upper end of the rear side of the separation barrel (31) through a pin shaft, and the submersible slurry pump (42) is arranged at the lower end of the telescopic suction cylinder (41).
4. The environment-friendly river sludge cleaning treatment method according to claim 1, characterized in that: linear vibrating screen (6) are including motor installation piece (61), shale shaker (62), rubber spring (63), keep off sand board (64), two vibrating motor (65) and two eccentric block (66), install in shale shaker (62) upper end through the welded mode motor installation piece (61) lower extreme, shale shaker (62) lower extreme passes through rubber spring (63) and links to each other with curb plate (2), there is sand board (64) at shale shaker (62) right-hand member through hinged joint, vibrating motor (65) are installed through motor mount pad front and back symmetry in motor installation piece (61) upper end, the output shaft welding of vibrating motor (65) has eccentric block (66).
5. The environment-friendly river sludge cleaning treatment method according to claim 1, characterized in that: curb plate (2) inboard is provided with the rubber spring seat, and rubber spring (63) are installed in the rubber spring seat, and two rectangular channels have been seted up to curb plate (2) inboard, and both ends are provided with the cylinder slider around motor installation piece (61), and the cylinder slider passes through sliding fit's mode to be installed in the rectangular channel.
6. The environment-friendly river sludge cleaning treatment method according to claim 1, characterized in that: the moving device (7) comprises a driving motor (71), a pinion (72), a gearwheel (73), a driving shaft (74), two driving wheels (75), four connecting rods (76), two driven wheels (77) and two tracks (78), driving motor (71) are installed in mounting panel (1) lower extreme left side through the motor mount pad, the output shaft of motor links to each other with pinion (72), pinion (72) mesh mutually with gear wheel (73), gear wheel (73) are installed on drive shaft (74), drive wheel (75) are installed to both ends symmetry around drive shaft (74), mounting panel (1) lower extreme welding has connecting rod (76), driven wheel (77) are installed through the round pin axle in right-hand member connecting rod (76), drive wheel (75) are installed through the round pin axle in left end connecting rod (76), link to each other through track (78) between drive wheel (75) and the driven wheel (77).
7. The environment-friendly river sludge cleaning treatment method according to claim 1, characterized in that: the overflow pipe (57) left end is provided with the annular groove, and is provided with on the annular groove and filters the gauze, and it is fixed that the gauze passes through the rope to filter.
8. The environment-friendly river sludge cleaning treatment method according to claim 1, characterized in that: the outer end of the stirring plate (535) is provided with a brush, and the upper surface and the lower surface of the stirring plate (535) are provided with bulges with different shapes.
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