CN103846054A - Rotary plunger type straw granulator - Google Patents

Rotary plunger type straw granulator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103846054A
CN103846054A CN201410079004.3A CN201410079004A CN103846054A CN 103846054 A CN103846054 A CN 103846054A CN 201410079004 A CN201410079004 A CN 201410079004A CN 103846054 A CN103846054 A CN 103846054A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
forging die
rolling forging
plunger type
rolling
rotary plunger
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201410079004.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103846054B (en
Inventor
刘德龙
庄会永
张秀艳
董舰
赵君
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Tesida Food Machinery Science & Technology Co., Ltd., Tianjin
Original Assignee
TIANJIN TESIDA BIOLOGICAL ENERGY MACHINERY CO Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Application filed by TIANJIN TESIDA BIOLOGICAL ENERGY MACHINERY CO Ltd filed Critical TIANJIN TESIDA BIOLOGICAL ENERGY MACHINERY CO Ltd
Priority to CN201410079004.3A priority Critical patent/CN103846054B/en
Publication of CN103846054A publication Critical patent/CN103846054A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103846054B publication Critical patent/CN103846054B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The invention provides a rotary plunger type straw granulator. The rotary plunger type straw granulator is used for solving the problem of the straw granulators in the prior art that the machining efficiency is affected due to the fact that the surfaces of double dies are subjected to severe material accumulation during long-term use. The rotary plunger type straw granulator comprises a first rolling die, a second rolling die, a charging chamber, discharging chambers, connecting rods and die cleaning mechanisms, wherein material extruding heads and forming holes, which are of staggered arrangement, are formed in each of the first and second rolling dies, the material extruding heads on the first rolling die extend into the forming holes of the second rolling die, the material extruding heads on the second rolling die extend into the forming holes of the first rolling die, compression holes are formed in the heads of the forming holes, and the inside diameter of the compression holes is greater than or equal to the outside diameter of the material extruding heads and decreases gradually; cutters are arranged in the discharging chambers; the connecting rods are arranged between end faces of the same sides of the first and second rolling dies; the die cleaning mechanisms are used for cleaning accumulated materials on the surfaces of the first and second rolling dies. The rotary plunger type straw granulator provided by the invention is low in reactive power loss, high in work efficiency and high in compression ratio.

Description

A kind of rotary plunger type stalk pelleter
Technical field
The present invention relates to farm equipment technical field, refer to especially a kind of for the living beings such as stalk, weeds, branch being squeezed into the rotary plunger type stalk pelleter of particle.
Background technology
Along with scientific and technical progress, agricultural crop straw is except direct collected manure and burning, and people are often processed into particle to improve efficiency of combustion, meet higher level needs.Existing straw granulator is mainly flat-die roll extrusion granulator or ring mould roll extrusion granulator, and its inefficiency, energy consumption be high, it is very high that raw-material humidity and degree of grinding etc. are required, and low easily break down service life.Number of patent application 201020519186.9, Granted publication CN201841002U has proposed a kind of bimodulus and has squeezed mutually straw granulator to pressing, formed by two rolling forging dies, material extrusion head and forming hole are evenly set on each rolling forging die, material extrusion head and forming hole are crisscross arranged, the head of forming hole has compressing hole, the middle part of rolling forging die is discharging chamber, cutter is housed in discharging chamber: the extrusion head of a seaming roll stretches in the forming hole of another seaming roll, the extrusion head of another seaming roll has been stretched back again in the forming hole of this seaming roll, described bimodulus is to pressing mutually crowded straw granulator energy consumption low, efficiency high and to raw material require low, but when the work of this equipment except raw material before stopper head is pressed in relative compressing hole, and the raw material in the peripheral space of stopper head can't be compressed in forming hole, in the course of time these raw materials are just compressed to the surperficial of two moulds and form gradually the hard buildup of one deck and cause the very large idle pressure of generation between two moulds, then cause reactive loss, reduce working (machining) efficiency, even sometimes blocked up directly causing of buildup cannot granulate.
Summary of the invention
The present invention proposes a kind of rotary plunger type stalk pelleter, affects the problem of working (machining) efficiency for solving the prior art straw granulator serious buildup in bimodulus surface that use causes for a long time.
Technical scheme of the present invention is achieved in that
A kind of rotary plunger type stalk pelleter, comprise: the first rolling forging die and the second rolling forging die, on the first rolling forging die and the second rolling forging die, be provided with staggered material extrusion head and forming hole, material extrusion head on the first rolling forging die stretches in the forming hole of the second rolling forging die, material extrusion head on the second rolling forging die stretches in the forming hole of the first rolling forging die, the head of forming hole is provided with compressing hole, and the internal diameter of compressing hole is more than or equal to the external diameter of material extrusion head and the internal diameter of compressing hole reduces gradually; Feeding warehouse; Discharging bin, is provided with cutter in discharging bin; Connecting rod, is arranged between the first rolling forging die and the same side end face of the second rolling forging die; Also comprise the clear mold mechanism for clearing up the first rolling forging die and the second rolling forging die surface buildup.
Preferably, clear mold mechanism comprises rotary cutter.
Preferably, the second rolling forging die is fixedly connected with one end of connecting rod by fixed cover, and the first rolling forging die is connected with the other end of connecting rod by spring.
Preferably, rotary cutter comprises: change-speed gearing, change gear shaft and cutting edge, cutting edge is fixedly mounted on change gear shaft.
Preferably, on the first rolling forging die and the second rolling forging die, be provided with travelling gear, travelling gear drives change-speed gearing rotation then to drive cutting edge rotation.
Preferably, slicer is multiple, and multiple cutting edges are fixedly mounted on change gear shaft.
Preferably, two ball bearing framves that change gear shaft is arranged by front and back are fixed on feeding warehouse.
Preferably, material extrusion head is the stopper head that can change.
A kind of rotary plunger type stalk pelleter that the present invention proposes; by being provided for clearing up the clear mold mechanism of the first rolling forging die and the second rolling forging die surface buildup; make the buildup on two mould surfaces obtain loosening and cleaning timely; reduce the consumption of idle work; avoided the generation of traffic congestion accident, the present invention propose straw granulator reactive loss low, operating efficiency is high and accident rate is low.
Brief description of the drawings
In order to be illustrated more clearly in the embodiment of the present invention or technical scheme of the prior art, to the accompanying drawing of required use in embodiment or description of the Prior Art be briefly described below, apparently, accompanying drawing in the following describes is only some embodiments of the present invention, for those of ordinary skill in the art, do not paying under the prerequisite of creative work, can also obtain according to these accompanying drawings other accompanying drawing.
Fig. 1 is the front view of a kind of rotary plunger type stalk pelleter of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the top view of Fig. 1.
In figure:
1, the first rolling forging die; 2, the second rolling forging die; 3, stopper head; 4, compressing hole; 5, forming hole; 6, feeding warehouse; 7, discharging bin; 8, cutter; 9, connecting rod; 10, cutting edge; 11, change-speed gearing; 12, travelling gear; 13, spring; 14, motor; 15, reductor; 16, connecting axle pair; 17, connect gear; 18, change gear shaft; 19, fixed cover.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described, obviously, described embodiment is only the present invention's part embodiment, instead of whole embodiment.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art, not making the every other embodiment obtaining under creative work prerequisite, belong to the scope of protection of the invention.
As shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 are common: a kind of rotary plunger type stalk pelleter, comprise: the first rolling forging die 1 and the second rolling forging die 2, on the first rolling forging die 1 and the second rolling forging die 2, be provided with staggered material extrusion head and forming hole 5, material extrusion head on the first rolling forging die 1 stretches in the forming hole 5 of the second rolling forging die 2, material extrusion head on the second rolling forging die 2 stretches in the forming hole 5 of the first rolling forging die 1, the head of forming hole 5 is provided with compressing hole 4, and the internal diameter of compressing hole 4 is more than or equal to the external diameter of material extrusion head and the internal diameter of compressing hole 4 reduces gradually; Feeding warehouse 6; Discharging bin 7, is provided with cutter 8 in discharging bin 7; Connecting rod 9, is arranged between the first rolling forging die 1 and the same side end face of the second rolling forging die 2; Also comprise the clear mold mechanism for clearing up the first rolling forging die 1 and the second rolling forging die 2 surperficial buildups.
When work, except the raw material before material extrusion head is pressed in compressing hole 4, the raw material in the peripheral space of material extrusion head can not be compressed in forming hole 5, in the course of time just formed very thick buildup on two mould surfaces, can disperse the extruding force of material extrusion head to cause larger reactive loss if do not cleared up, even cause and cannot granulate.The buildup that the clear mold mechanism that the present invention proposes can be cleared up two mould surfaces fast, its operation principle is: motor 14 is connected 16 with connecting axle by reductor 15, connecting axle connects with the gear 17 that is connected on the first rolling forging die 1 16, opening the rear drive connection of motor 14 gear 17 works and then drives the first rolling forging die 1 and the second rolling forging die 2 to move, raw material is put into the rear granulation work of feeding warehouse 6 to start: the material extrusion head on the first rolling forging die 1 stretches to the forming hole 5 of the second rolling forging die 2, material extrusion head on the second rolling forging die 2 stretches in the forming hole 5 of the first rolling forging die 1, after the squeezed stub bar extruding of raw material, entering compressed hole 4 enters in forming hole 5, the particle of extruding in forming hole 5 is cut off after device 8 cuts off and discharges through discharging bin 7, while having buildup as two mould surfaces, the buildup of opening clear mold mechanism and can clear up two mould surfaces, reduces reactive loss, increases work efficiency.
As the preferred technical scheme of one, another embodiment of the present invention, clear mold mechanism comprises rotary cutter, rotary cutter comprises: change-speed gearing 11, change gear shaft 18 and cutting edge 10, slicer 10 is multiple, and multiple cutting edges 10 are fixedly mounted on change gear shaft 18 according to certain interval; On the first rolling forging die 1 and the second rolling forging die 2, be provided with travelling gear 12, travelling gear 12 drives change-speed gearing 11 to rotate then to drive cutting edge 10 to rotate.
Cutting edge 10 number determine have how many spaces that how many cutting edges 10 are just set by the space of material extrusion head of arranging on the first rolling forging die 1 and the second rolling forging die 2; Cutting edge 10 that interval is set is corresponding with the width of material extrusion head.Open after straw granulator, the travelling gear 12 meeting drive change-speed gearings 11 that arrange on two moulds rotate and then drive cutting edge 10 to rotate, and buildup is removed in the space that cutting edge 10 stretches between material extrusion head.
As the preferred technical scheme of one, two ball bearing framves that change gear shaft 18 is arranged by front and back are fixed on feeding warehouse 6.
As the preferred technical scheme of one, an embodiment more of the present invention, the second rolling forging die 2 is fixedly connected with one end of connecting rod 9 by fixed cover 19, and the first rolling forging die 1 is connected with the other end of connecting rod 9 by spring 13.
The first rolling forging die 1 is connected with the other end of connecting rod 9 by spring 13, when having the foreign matter that cannot push in the time that feeding warehouse 6 enters between the first rolling forging die 1 and the second rolling forging die 2, the reaction force that spring 13 produces can cushion extruding foreign matter time, thereby avoid compressing hole 4 and material extrusion head on two moulds to be damaged, improved the service life of material extrusion head.
As the preferred technical scheme of one, another embodiment of the present invention, material extrusion head is the stopper head 3 that can change.
On the first rolling forging die 1 and the second rolling forging die 2, be provided with removable stopper head 3, stopper head 3 is flexibly connected with the first rolling forging die 1 or the second rolling forging die 2, in the time that service time, length caused stopper head 3 wearing and tearing not continue to use, can change at any time stopper head 3 and need not change rolling forging die, the use cost and the granulation cost that have reduced equipment, have application prospect very widely.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, in order to limit the present invention, within the spirit and principles in the present invention not all, any amendment of doing, be equal to replacement, improvement etc., within all should being included in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a rotary plunger type stalk pelleter, is characterized in that: comprising:
The first rolling forging die (1) and the second rolling forging die (2), on described the first rolling forging die (1) and described the second rolling forging die (2), be provided with staggered material extrusion head and forming hole (5), material extrusion head on described the first rolling forging die (1) stretches in the forming hole (5) of described the second rolling forging die (2), material extrusion head on described the second rolling forging die (2) stretches in the forming hole (5) of described the first rolling forging die (1), the head of described forming hole (5) is provided with compressing hole (4), the internal diameter of described compressing hole (4) is more than or equal to the external diameter of described material extrusion head and the internal diameter of described compressing hole (4) reduces gradually,
Feeding warehouse (6);
Discharging bin (7), is provided with cutter (8) in described discharging bin (7);
Connecting rod (9), is arranged between described the first rolling forging die (1) and the same side end face of described the second rolling forging die (2);
Also comprise the clear mold mechanism for clearing up described the first rolling forging die (1) and the surperficial buildup of described the second rolling forging die (2).
2. a kind of rotary plunger type stalk pelleter according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described clear mold mechanism comprises rotary cutter.
3. a kind of rotary plunger type stalk pelleter according to claim 1; it is characterized in that: described the second rolling forging die (2) is fixedly connected with one end of described connecting rod (9) by fixed cover (19), described the first rolling forging die (1) is connected with the other end of described connecting rod (9) by spring (13).
4. a kind of rotary plunger type stalk pelleter according to claim 2; it is characterized in that: described rotary cutter comprises: change-speed gearing (11), change gear shaft (18) and cutting edge (10), described cutting edge (10) is fixedly mounted on described change gear shaft (18).
5. a kind of rotary plunger type stalk pelleter according to claim 4; it is characterized in that: on described the first rolling forging die (1) and described the second rolling forging die (2), be provided with travelling gear (12), described travelling gear (12) drives described change-speed gearing (11) rotation then to drive described cutting edge (10) rotation.
6. a kind of rotary plunger type stalk pelleter according to claim 4, is characterized in that: described slicer (10) is for multiple, and multiple described cutting edges (10) are fixedly mounted on described change gear shaft (18).
7. a kind of rotary plunger type stalk pelleter according to claim 4, is characterized in that: two ball bearing framves that described change gear shaft (18) is arranged by front and back are fixed on described feeding warehouse (6).
8. according to a kind of rotary plunger type stalk pelleter described in claim 1-7 any one, it is characterized in that: described material extrusion head is the stopper head (3) that can change.
CN201410079004.3A 2014-03-05 2014-03-05 A kind of rotary plunger type stalk pelleter Expired - Fee Related CN103846054B (en)

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CN201410079004.3A CN103846054B (en) 2014-03-05 2014-03-05 A kind of rotary plunger type stalk pelleter

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN103846054A true CN103846054A (en) 2014-06-11
CN103846054B CN103846054B (en) 2016-08-24

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104437253A (en) * 2014-12-30 2015-03-25 天津特斯达生物质能源机械有限公司 Rotary plunger type straw pelletizer
CN106334495A (en) * 2016-10-31 2017-01-18 重庆市南川区庆岩福利碱厂 Granulation mechanism having automatic cleaning function

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2394920Y (en) * 1999-11-22 2000-09-06 济南钢铁集团总公司 Pilleting device for sintered mixed material
DE202005011433U1 (en) * 2005-07-01 2005-11-24 Gottschalk, Marco Litter for poultry rearing is made by granulation of dry straw which has been cut up and compressed before granulation
CN101947419A (en) * 2010-09-07 2011-01-19 天津特斯达生物质能源机械有限公司 Biomass straw granulator
CN103191675A (en) * 2013-03-28 2013-07-10 刘春� Energy-saving one-step granulator
CN203764211U (en) * 2014-03-05 2014-08-13 天津特斯达生物质能源机械有限公司 Rotary plunger type straw granulator

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2394920Y (en) * 1999-11-22 2000-09-06 济南钢铁集团总公司 Pilleting device for sintered mixed material
DE202005011433U1 (en) * 2005-07-01 2005-11-24 Gottschalk, Marco Litter for poultry rearing is made by granulation of dry straw which has been cut up and compressed before granulation
CN101947419A (en) * 2010-09-07 2011-01-19 天津特斯达生物质能源机械有限公司 Biomass straw granulator
CN103191675A (en) * 2013-03-28 2013-07-10 刘春� Energy-saving one-step granulator
CN203764211U (en) * 2014-03-05 2014-08-13 天津特斯达生物质能源机械有限公司 Rotary plunger type straw granulator

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104437253A (en) * 2014-12-30 2015-03-25 天津特斯达生物质能源机械有限公司 Rotary plunger type straw pelletizer
CN106334495A (en) * 2016-10-31 2017-01-18 重庆市南川区庆岩福利碱厂 Granulation mechanism having automatic cleaning function
CN106334495B (en) * 2016-10-31 2018-09-21 重庆市南川区庆岩福利碱厂 Granulating mechanism with automatic clearing function

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Effective date of registration: 20160720

Address after: 301706 Tianjin city Wuqing District Cao Zi Li Industrial Zone is the channel

Applicant after: Tesida Food Machinery Science & Technology Co., Ltd., Tianjin

Address before: 301706 yard township government in Wuqing District of Tianjin city on the north side of Cao

Applicant before: Tianjin Tesida Biological Energy Machinery Co., Ltd.

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Granted publication date: 20160824

Termination date: 20200305

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee