CN203764214U - Rotary plunger type straw granulator - Google Patents

Rotary plunger type straw granulator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203764214U
CN203764214U CN201420098653.3U CN201420098653U CN203764214U CN 203764214 U CN203764214 U CN 203764214U CN 201420098653 U CN201420098653 U CN 201420098653U CN 203764214 U CN203764214 U CN 203764214U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
forging die
rolling forging
plunger type
rotary plunger
rolling
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN201420098653.3U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘德龙
庄会永
张秀艳
董舰
赵君
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
TIANJIN TESIDA BIOLOGICAL ENERGY MACHINERY CO Ltd
Original Assignee
TIANJIN TESIDA BIOLOGICAL ENERGY MACHINERY CO Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by TIANJIN TESIDA BIOLOGICAL ENERGY MACHINERY CO Ltd filed Critical TIANJIN TESIDA BIOLOGICAL ENERGY MACHINERY CO Ltd
Priority to CN201420098653.3U priority Critical patent/CN203764214U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203764214U publication Critical patent/CN203764214U/en
Withdrawn - After Issue legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model provides a rotary plunger type straw granulator. The straw granulator comprises a first rolling die, a second rolling die, a feed bin, discharge bins, connecting rods, a starting mechanism and a co-starting mechanism, wherein extrusion heads and forming holes, which are alternately arranged, are arranged on the first and second rolling dies; the extrusion heads on the first rolling die extend into the forming holes of the second rolling die; the extrusion heads on the second rolling die extend into the forming holes of the first rolling die; compression holes are formed at the heads of the forming holes; the inner diameters of the compression holes are greater than or equal to the outer diameters of the extrusion heads and are gradually reduced; disconnectors are arranged in the discharge bins; the connecting rods are arranged between the same side end faces of the first and second rolling dies. The straw granulator has the beneficial effects that the co-starting mechanism can be used when re-starting is needed after stop due to accidents, can greatly reduce the starting power, is short in starting time and low in energy consumption and is simple and convenient to operate.

Description

A kind of rotary plunger type stalk pelleter
Technical field
The utility model relates to farm equipment technical field, refers to especially a kind of for the living beings such as stalk, weeds, branch being squeezed into the rotary plunger type stalk pelleter of particle.
Background technology
Along with scientific and technical progress, agricultural crop straw is except direct collected manure and burning, and people are often processed into particle to improve efficiency of combustion, meet higher level needs.Existing straw granulator is mainly flat-die roll extrusion granulator or ring mould roll extrusion granulator, and its inefficiency, energy consumption be high, it is very high that raw-material humidity and degree of grinding etc. are required, and low easily break down service life.Number of patent application 201020519186.9, Granted publication CN201841002U has proposed a kind of bimodulus and has squeezed mutually straw granulator to pressing, formed by two rolling forging dies, material extrusion head and forming hole are evenly set on each rolling forging die, material extrusion head and forming hole are crisscross arranged, the head of forming hole has compressing hole, the middle part of rolling forging die is discharging chamber, cutter is housed in discharging chamber: the extrusion head of a seaming roll stretches in the forming hole of another seaming roll, the extrusion head of another seaming roll has been stretched back again in the forming hole of this seaming roll, described bimodulus is to pressing mutually crowded straw granulator energy consumption low, efficiency high and to raw material require low, but because this equipment is high compression equipment, in the time of its work, in case of burst has a power failure, shutdown or feeding are excessive and traffic congestion shutdown, more than power while again startup has more several times than normal starting power, thereby the main motor that causes former setting cannot ensure the startup work of traffic congestion accident.
Utility model content
The utility model proposes a kind of rotary plunger type stalk pelleter, while again unlatching after prior art straw granulator stops for some reason for solving, starting power is large and cause starting difficult problem.
The technical solution of the utility model is achieved in that
A kind of rotary plunger type stalk pelleter, comprise the first rolling forging die and the second rolling forging die, on the first rolling forging die and the second rolling forging die, be provided with staggered material extrusion head and forming hole, material extrusion head on the first rolling forging die stretches in the forming hole of the second rolling forging die, material extrusion head on the second rolling forging die stretches in the forming hole of the first rolling forging die, the head of forming hole is provided with compressing hole, and the internal diameter of compressing hole is more than or equal to the external diameter of material extrusion head and the internal diameter of compressing hole reduces gradually; Feeding warehouse; Discharging bin, is provided with cutter in discharging bin; Connecting rod, is arranged between the first rolling forging die and the same side end face of the second rolling forging die; And actuating mechanism and help actuating mechanism.
Preferably, 1 connecting rod is set respectively between the top of the same side end face of the first rolling forging die and the second rolling forging die and between bottom, the right-hand member of connecting rod is also provided with spring, 4 altogether of connecting rods.
Preferably, the second rolling forging die is fixedly connected with one end of connecting rod by fixed cover, and the first rolling forging die is connected with the other end of connecting rod by spring.
Preferably, be provided with connection gear on the first rolling forging die, actuating mechanism comprises motor, reductor and connecting axle pair; One end of reductor is connected with motor, the other end by connecting axle pair be connected gear and connect.
Preferably, help actuating mechanism to comprise: Hydraulic Station, hydraulic motor and clutch, be provided with reductor power shaft and speed reducer output shaft on reductor; Hydraulic Station is connected with clutch by hydraulic motor, and clutch is connected with reductor power shaft, speed reducer output shaft with connecting axle to being connected.
Preferably, material extrusion head is the stopper head that can change.
Preferably, stopper head comprises: column material extrusion head, six sides, tapered zone and flexible connection district, column material extrusion head, six sides, tapered zone and flexible connection district are as a whole.
Preferably, be flexibly connected on surface, district and be provided with external screw thread.
The rotary plunger type stalk pelleter the utility model proposes, helps actuating mechanism by setting, can be occurring reducing starting power while again startup after parking accident, and start-up time is short, it is low and easy and simple to handle to start energy consumption.
Brief description of the drawings
In order to be illustrated more clearly in the utility model embodiment or technical scheme of the prior art, to the accompanying drawing of required use in embodiment or description of the Prior Art be briefly described below, apparently, accompanying drawing in the following describes is only embodiment more of the present utility model, for those of ordinary skill in the art, do not paying under the prerequisite of creative work, can also obtain according to these accompanying drawings other accompanying drawing.
Fig. 1 is the top view of a kind of rotary plunger type stalk pelleter of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the front view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of hydraulic motor actuating section in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of material extrusion head in Fig. 1.
In figure:
1, the first rolling forging die; 2, the second rolling forging die; 3, stopper head; 31, column material extrusion head; 32, six sides; 33, tapered zone; 34, be flexibly connected district; 4, compressing hole; 5, forming hole; 6, feeding warehouse; 7, discharging bin; 8, cutter; 9, connecting rod; 10, spring; 11, connect gear; 12, motor; 13, belt; 14, reductor; 14-1, reductor power shaft; 14-2, speed reducer output shaft; 15, connecting axle pair; 16, Hydraulic Station; 17, hydraulic motor; 18, clutch; 19, fixed cover.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the utility model embodiment, the technical scheme in the utility model embodiment is clearly and completely described, obviously, described embodiment is only the utility model part embodiment, instead of whole embodiment.Based on the embodiment in the utility model, those of ordinary skill in the art are not making the every other embodiment obtaining under creative work prerequisite, all belong to the scope of the utility model protection.
As shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 are common, a kind of rotary plunger type stalk pelleter, comprise the first rolling forging die 1 and the second rolling forging die 2, on the first rolling forging die 1 and the second rolling forging die 2, be provided with staggered material extrusion head and forming hole 5, material extrusion head on the first rolling forging die 1 stretches in the forming hole 5 of the second rolling forging die 2, material extrusion head on the second rolling forging die 2 stretches in the forming hole 5 of the first rolling forging die 1, the head of forming hole 5 is provided with compressing hole 4, and the internal diameter of compressing hole 4 is more than or equal to the external diameter of material extrusion head and the internal diameter of compressing hole 4 reduces gradually; Feeding warehouse 6; Discharging bin 7, is provided with cutter 8 in discharging bin 7; Connecting rod 9, is arranged between the first rolling forging die 1 and the same side end face of the second rolling forging die 2; And actuating mechanism and help actuating mechanism.
When granulating, biomass processing needs very large compression stress; therefore the running power of stalk pelleter is larger; as involuntary stoppage or because of the parking of plug material; while again starting stalk pelleter, need very large starting power; more than may exceeding the several times of normal power, the motor of the former setting of stalk pelleter may meet the needs that again start.The rotary plunger type stalk pelleter setting the utility model proposes helps actuating mechanism; in the time again starting stalk pelleter; could open fast actuating mechanism by helping actuating mechanism; until rotary plunger type stalk pelleter duty recover gradually normal after, then transfer actuating mechanism to and work independently.Compared with traditional processing mode, simple to operate, energy consumption is low, the time is short.
As the preferred technical scheme of one, an embodiment more of the present utility model, 1 connecting rod 9 is set respectively between the top of the same side end face of the first rolling forging die 1 and the second rolling forging die 2 and between bottom, and the right-hand member of connecting rod 9 is also provided with spring 10,4 altogether of connecting rods 9.
As the preferred technical scheme of one, another embodiment of the present utility model, the second rolling forging die 2 is fixedly connected with one end of connecting rod 9 by fixed cover 19, and the first rolling forging die 1 is connected with the other end of connecting rod 9 by spring 10.
The first rolling forging die 1 is connected with the other end of connecting rod 9 by spring 10, when having the foreign matter that cannot push in the time that feeding warehouse 6 enters between the first rolling forging die 1 and the second rolling forging die 2, spring 10 can cushion the active force of foreign matter, thereby avoid compressing hole 4 and material extrusion head on two moulds to be damaged, improved the service life of material extrusion head.
As shown in Figure 3, as the preferred technical scheme of one, another embodiment of the present utility model, is provided with on the first rolling forging die 1 and connects gear 11, and actuating mechanism comprises that motor 12, reductor 14 and connecting axle are to 15; One end of reductor 14 is connected with motor 12, the other end by connecting axle to 15 be connected gear 11 and connect.
Operation principle: while normally work, adopt the i.e. main works of actuating mechanism, it is by motor 12, the reductor 14 being connected by belt with motor 12, connecting axle to 15 and connect gear 11 form, one end of reductor 14 is connected with motor 12 by belt, the other end by connecting axle to 15 be connected gear 11 and connect, connecting gear 11 is arranged on the first rolling forging die 1, while opening motor 12, motor 12 drives reductor 14 to work, reductor 14 connects gear 11 by connecting axle to 15 drives and rotates, thereby drive the first rolling forging die 1 to rotate, between the first rolling forging die 1 and the second rolling forging die, be connected by gear, both relatively rotate and carry out granulation work.
As shown in Figure 3, as the preferred technical scheme of one, an embodiment more of the present utility model, helps actuating mechanism to comprise: Hydraulic Station 16, hydraulic motor 17 and clutch 18, be provided with reductor power shaft 14-1 and speed reducer output shaft 14-2 on reductor 14; Hydraulic Station 16 is connected with clutch 18 by hydraulic motor 17, and clutch 18 is connected with reductor power shaft 14-1, and speed reducer output shaft 14-2 is connected 15 with connecting axle.
Operation principle: while needing again to start rotary plunger type stalk pelleter after having involuntary stoppage accident to occur, it is auxiliary rotating mechanism that employing helps actuating mechanism, auxiliary rotating mechanism is by reductor 14, reductor power shaft 14-1, speed reducer output shaft 14-2, connecting axle is to 15, connect gear 11, Hydraulic Station 16, hydraulic motor 17 and clutch 18 form, Hydraulic Station 16 drives hydraulic motor 17 to work, hydraulic motor 17 drives reductor power shaft 14-1 running by clutch 18, then speed reducer output shaft 14-2 turns round and by connecting axle, 15 drives is connected to gears 11 and turns round, finally make the first rolling forging die 1 with the second rolling forging die 2 relative rotation carry out granulation work.
As shown in Figure 4, as the preferred technical scheme of one, an embodiment more of the present utility model, material extrusion head is the stopper head 3 that can change, comprise: column material extrusion 31, six sides 32, tapered zone 33 and be flexibly connected district 34, column material extrusion 31, six sides 32, tapered zone 33 and to be flexibly connected district 34 as a whole, be flexibly connected on 34 surfaces, district and be provided with external screw thread.
Traditional flat-die, ring die pelleter service life is short can cause mould heavy wear in long-term granulation work, need to regularly replace mould, and the cost of mould is high, thereby the granulator life-span of the type is short, use cost is high.
One, the rotary plunger type stalk pelleter the utility model proposes, on the first rolling forging die 1 and the second rolling forging die 2, be provided with removable stopper head 3, stopper head 3 is flexibly connected with the first rolling forging die 1 or the second rolling forging die 2 by being flexibly connected district 34, in the time that service time, length caused stopper head 3 wearing and tearing not continue to use, can change at any time stopper head 3 and need not change rolling forging die, reduce use cost and the granulation cost of equipment, there is application prospect very widely;
Two; the utility model proposes stopper head 3 comprises one-time formed: column material extrusion 31, six sides 32, tapered zone 33 and be used for the flexible connection district 34 being flexibly connected with mould; column material extrusion 31 is used for inserting carries out material extrusion in compressing hole 4; six sides 32 are used for increasing the bearing capacity of column material extrusion 31; be flexibly connected district 34 and be used for realizing being flexibly connected of stopper head 3 and the first rolling forging die 1 and the second rolling forging die 2; the structural design of stopper head 3 uniquenesses makes its in use easy fracture not, has extended the service life of stopper head 3.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model; not in order to limit the utility model; all within spirit of the present utility model and principle, any amendment of doing, be equal to replacement, improvement etc., within all should being included in protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (8)

1. a rotary plunger type stalk pelleter, is characterized in that: comprise
The first rolling forging die (1) and the second rolling forging die (2), on described the first rolling forging die (1) and described the second rolling forging die (2), be provided with staggered material extrusion head and forming hole (5), material extrusion head on described the first rolling forging die (1) stretches in the forming hole (5) of described the second rolling forging die (2), material extrusion head on described the second rolling forging die (2) stretches in the forming hole (5) of described the first rolling forging die (1), the head of described forming hole (5) is provided with compressing hole (4), the internal diameter of described compressing hole (4) is more than or equal to the external diameter of described material extrusion head and the internal diameter of described compressing hole (4) reduces gradually,
Feeding warehouse (6);
Discharging bin (7), is provided with cutter (8) in described discharging bin (7);
Connecting rod (9), is arranged between described the first rolling forging die (1) and the same side end face of described the second rolling forging die (2);
And actuating mechanism and help actuating mechanism.
2. a kind of rotary plunger type stalk pelleter according to claim 1; it is characterized in that: between the top of the same side end face of described the first rolling forging die (1) and described the second rolling forging die (2) and 1 connecting rod (9) is set respectively between bottom; the right-hand member of described connecting rod (9) is also provided with spring (10), 4 altogether of described connecting rods (9).
3. a kind of rotary plunger type stalk pelleter according to claim 2; it is characterized in that: described the second rolling forging die (2) is fixedly connected with one end of described connecting rod (9) by fixed cover (19), described the first rolling forging die (1) is connected with the other end of described connecting rod (9) by spring (10).
4. a kind of rotary plunger type stalk pelleter according to claim 3, is characterized in that: on described the first rolling forging die (1), be provided with and connect gear (11), described actuating mechanism comprises that motor (12), reductor (14) and connecting axle are to (15); One end of described reductor (14) is connected with described motor (12), and the other end connects with the described gear (11) that is connected (15) by described connecting axle.
5. a kind of rotary plunger type stalk pelleter according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described in help actuating mechanism to comprise: Hydraulic Station (16), hydraulic motor (17) and clutch (18), be provided with reductor power shaft (14-1) and speed reducer output shaft (14-2) on described reductor (14); Described Hydraulic Station (16) is connected with described clutch (18) by described hydraulic motor (17), and described clutch (18) is connected with described reductor power shaft (14-1), and described speed reducer output shaft (14-2) is connected (15) with described connecting axle.
6. according to a kind of rotary plunger type stalk pelleter described in claim 1-5 any one, it is characterized in that: described material extrusion head is the stopper head (3) that can change.
7. a kind of rotary plunger type stalk pelleter according to claim 6; it is characterized in that: described stopper head (3) comprising: column material extrusion head (31), six sides (32), tapered zone (33) and flexible connection district (34), described column material extrusion head (31), described six sides (32), described tapered zone (33) and described flexible connection district (34) are as a whole.
8. a kind of rotary plunger type stalk pelleter according to claim 7, is characterized in that: described flexible connection district (34) is provided with external screw thread on surface.
CN201420098653.3U 2014-03-05 2014-03-05 Rotary plunger type straw granulator Withdrawn - After Issue CN203764214U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420098653.3U CN203764214U (en) 2014-03-05 2014-03-05 Rotary plunger type straw granulator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420098653.3U CN203764214U (en) 2014-03-05 2014-03-05 Rotary plunger type straw granulator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203764214U true CN203764214U (en) 2014-08-13

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201420098653.3U Withdrawn - After Issue CN203764214U (en) 2014-03-05 2014-03-05 Rotary plunger type straw granulator

Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103861528A (en) * 2014-03-05 2014-06-18 天津特斯达生物质能源机械有限公司 Rotary plunger type straw granulator

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103861528A (en) * 2014-03-05 2014-06-18 天津特斯达生物质能源机械有限公司 Rotary plunger type straw granulator
CN103861528B (en) * 2014-03-05 2016-08-17 天津特斯达生物质能源机械有限公司 A kind of rotary plunger type stalk pelleter

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GR01 Patent grant
C25 Abandonment of patent right or utility model to avoid double patenting
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20140813

Effective date of abandoning: 20160817