CN103828533A - Hydraulic motor driven dual-acting-force lifting oil cylinder type burdock harvester - Google Patents

Hydraulic motor driven dual-acting-force lifting oil cylinder type burdock harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103828533A
CN103828533A CN201410071318.9A CN201410071318A CN103828533A CN 103828533 A CN103828533 A CN 103828533A CN 201410071318 A CN201410071318 A CN 201410071318A CN 103828533 A CN103828533 A CN 103828533A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plough
screw auger
furrow opener
fetches earth
oil cylinder
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Application number
CN201410071318.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103828533B (en
Inventor
郭志东
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He Bingfei
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Shandong University of Technology
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Priority to CN201410071318.9A priority Critical patent/CN103828533B/en
Publication of CN103828533A publication Critical patent/CN103828533A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103828533B publication Critical patent/CN103828533B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The invention provides a hydraulic motor driven dual-acting-force lifting oil cylinder type burdock harvester which comprises a caterpillar tractor, a dual-acting-force lifting oil cylinder, a hydraulic motor, a furrow opener and an earthing mechanism. A soil taking spiral packing auger is arranged at one end of the caterpillar tractor, soil taking discs are arranged at the two ends of the packing auger, soil is taken by the soil taking discs to be provided for the spiral packing auger, the soil taking spiral packing auger is divided into two sections, one section is rotated leftwards, the other clamping section is rotated rightwards, the soil is collected to the middle, furrows opened by the furrow opener are filled up and leveled up, the dual-acting-force lifting oil cylinder, the furrow opener and soil throwing spiral packing augers are arranged at the other end of the caterpillar tractor, the furrow opener is driven by the dual-acting-force lifting oil cylinder to vertically move up and down, the dual-acting-force lifting oil cylinder is contracted and drives the furrow opener to ascend in the transportation state, the lifting oil cylinder is stretched to drive the furrow opener to descend in the field operation process, a tapered drill pipe is arranged at one end of the furrow opener, the hydraulic motor is arranged at the other end of the furrow opener to provide power for the furrow opener, and spiral blades are arranged on the outer circle face of the furrow opener.

Description

A kind of fluid motor-driven dual force hoist cylinder formula Burdock harvesting machine
Technical field
The invention provides a kind of fluid motor-driven dual force hoist cylinder formula Burdock harvesting machine, belong to agricultural machinery technological field.
Background technology
Burdock is the plant of underground dark root class, and rhizome is long, and long 80~100 centimetres of underground nutritious root, is a kind of vegetables of health-care nutritive, cultivation burdock economic benefits, and per mu yield is 1500 kilograms of left and right, and the pure benefit of mu is more than 4000 yuan.
The root of burdock buries and deeply reaches 1 meter, artificial along 80~90 centimetres of dark ditches of spade excavation for plantation ridge, after exposing the root of meat, extract, labour intensity is large, time-consuming efficiency is low, easily causes burdock epidermis injury when hand digging, and rhizome is crisp easily broken, injured surface oxidation blackening, reduces the value of its commodity.
Patent 201220267012.7 employings are jolted to vibrate to excavate and are loosened the soil, and because the burdock growth degree of depth is at 80~100 centimetres, realize mechanical harvest burdock by mechanical grip, are difficult to clamping, enable to clamp the rate that fractures high, gather in the crops effect not poor.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of defect existing can overcome existing burdock results time, hydraulic motor drives plough rotation that the soil in ditch is screwed out by helical blade, there is again the native screw auger of throwing to be transported to both sides, manually directly pick up burdock at trench digging row, reduce artificial results cost, reduce labor intensity.
Its technical scheme is.
Comprise crawler tractor, dual force hoist cylinder, hydraulic motor, plough and casing mechanism composition, crawler tractor one end is provided with the screw auger that fetches earth, be provided with fetch earth disk and frame is fixedly connected at the screw auger two ends of fetching earth, the screw auger that fetches earth is divided into two sections, one section left-handed, another section of dextrorotation, in the middle of the screw auger that fetches earth is pooled to soil, fill and lead up the ditch that plough leaves, casing mechanism is made up of fetch earth disk and the screw auger that fetches earth, adjustable in shelf position, the crawler tractor other end is provided with dual force hoist cylinder, plough and the native screw auger of throwing, dual force hoist cylinder is arranged in frame and connects with actuator cylinder.
Described a kind of fluid motor-driven dual force hoist cylinder formula Burdock harvesting machine, plough one end is provided with taper drilling pipe, at the plough other end, hydraulic motor is installed and is provided power to plough, on plough periphery, helical blade is installed.
Described a kind of fluid motor-driven dual force hoist cylinder formula Burdock harvesting machine, is provided with and throws native screw auger near the both sides on ground at plough, throws native screw auger and is divided into two sections, and one section left-handed, another section of dextrorotation.
Described a kind of fluid motor-driven dual force hoist cylinder formula Burdock harvesting machine, the disk that fetches earth is crescent, and fetching earth from fetch earth disc level center line and crescent, to make tangent line be 5~20 degree with the angle of the vertical line of crossing center line for the intersection point of disk crowning.
Compared with prior art, tool has the following advantages in the present invention.
1, adopt crawler tractor due to large with the contact area on ground, machine operates steadily, and transaction capabilities is good.
2, the width of crawler tractor is not consistent with burdock line width, has increased the disk that fetches earth fill and lead up with the ditch that the screw auger that fetches earth is driven plough in crawler tractor one end, makes operation surface smooth, is beneficial to farm work.
3, be provided with and throw native screw auger near both sides, ground at crawler tractor other end plough, throw the rotation under power drives of native screw auger, hydraulic motor drives plough rotation, servo-actuated the revolved soil of helical blade is given and is thrown native screw auger, by throwing native screw auger, soil is evenly transported to both sides, after trench digging, burdock is uprightly indistinctly exposed on the cross section of ditch, manually directly pick up, mechanical harvest, require planting with machinery, line-spacing is consistent, and plough is less than burdock line-spacing, from 2~3 centimetres of row of plantation, that leans on too closely damages burdock.
4, dual force hoist cylinder can regulate according to burdock varieties of plant the embedded depth of plough, simple and reliable.
5, shrink and drive plough to rise at travel position dual force hoist cylinder, in the time of farm work, hoist cylinder extends and drives plough to decline.
6, according to the Planting Row Distance of burdock, select the drilling pipe on plough, drilling pipe support can also adopt and revolve cutter.
Accompanying drawing explanation.
Fig. 1 is the main TV structure schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the plan structure schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is that the disk A that fetches earth of the embodiment of the present invention is to schematic diagram.
wherein in figure1, fetch earth disk 2, steering cylinder 3, control crank 4, seat 5, crawler tractor 6, actuator cylinder 7, dual force hoist cylinder 8, hydraulic motor 9, plough 10, throw native screw auger 11, the screw auger 12 that fetches earth, taper drilling pipe 13, helical blade.
Embodiment.
At the embodiment shown in 1~3, fluid motor-driven dual force hoist cylinder formula Burdock harvesting machine, comprise crawler tractor 5, dual force hoist cylinder 7, hydraulic motor 8, plough 9 and casing mechanism composition, before operation, select suitable taper drilling pipe 12 according to the line-spacing of the plantation of burdock, adjustment is fetched earth screw auger 11 in crawler tractor 5 positions, the steering cylinder 2 arranging on crawler tractor 5 provides power for casing mechanism, control crank 3 is controlled the direction of crawler tractor 5, be provided with in crawler tractor 5 one end the screw auger 11 that fetches earth, be provided with the disk 1 that fetches earth is fixedly connected with frame at screw auger 11 two ends of fetching earth, the disk 1 that fetches earth is crescent, the tangent line of making crescent crowning from disk 1 horizontal center line that fetches earth is 10 degree with the angle of the vertical line of crossing centre bore, fetch earth disk 1 of crescent increases the amount of fetching earth and feed quantity, the screw auger 11 that fetches earth is divided into two sections, one section left-handed, another section of dextrorotation, in the middle of soil is pooled to, fill and lead up the zanjon that plough 9 leaves, make operation surface smooth, be beneficial to farm work, casing mechanism is made up of fetch earth disk 1 and the screw auger 11 that fetches earth, crawler tractor 5 other ends are provided with dual force hoist cylinder 7, plough 9 and the native screw auger 10 of throwing, dual force hoist cylinder 7 is arranged in frame and connects with actuator cylinder 6, shrink and drive plough 9 to rise at travel position dual force hoist cylinder 7, in the time of farm work, drive plough 9 to decline, plough 9 one end are provided with taper drilling pipe 12, also replaceable different size revolve cutter, at plough 9 other ends, hydraulic motor 8 is installed and is provided power to plough, on plough 9 peripheries, helical blade 13 is installed, plough 9 is provided with and throws native screw auger 10 near both sides, ground, throw the rotation under power drives of native screw auger 10, hydraulic motor 8 drives plough 9 to rotate, helical blade 13 helical blades adopt Hardmetal materials, intensity high abrasion, existingly cut native function, have again and carry native function, servo-actuated the revolved soil of helical blade 13 is given and is thrown native screw auger 10, evenly be transported to both sides by throwing native screw auger 10, after trench digging, burdock uprightly reveals to ditched cross section, manually directly pick up, burdock not damaged, the efficiency of crop of working continuously is high, can replace artificial.
The above; it is only preferred embodiment of the present invention; it is not the restriction of the present invention being made to other form; any those skilled in the art may utilize the technology contents of above-mentioned announcement to be changed or be modified as the equivalent embodiment of equivalent variations; every technical solution of the present invention content that do not depart from; any simple modification, equivalent variations and the remodeling above embodiment done according to the technical spirit of type of the present invention, still belong to the protection domain of type technical scheme of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. a fluid motor-driven dual force hoist cylinder formula Burdock harvesting machine, comprise crawler tractor (5), dual force hoist cylinder (7), hydraulic motor (8), plough (9) and casing mechanism composition, crawler tractor (5) one end is provided with the screw auger that fetches earth (11), be provided with the disk that fetches earth (1) is fixedly connected with frame at the screw auger that fetches earth (11) two ends, the screw auger (11) that fetches earth is divided into two sections, one section left-handed, another section of dextrorotation, in the middle of the screw auger (11) that fetches earth is pooled to soil, fill and lead up the ditch that plough (9) leaves, casing mechanism is made up of the disk that fetches earth (1) and the screw auger that fetches earth (11), position in frame is adjustable, crawler tractor (5) other end is provided with dual force hoist cylinder (7), plough (9) and the native screw auger of throwing (10), dual force hoist cylinder (7) is arranged in frame and connects with actuator cylinder (6).
2. a kind of fluid motor-driven dual force hoist cylinder formula Burdock harvesting machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: plough (9) one end is provided with taper drilling pipe (12), at plough (9) other end, hydraulic motor (8) is installed and is provided power to plough (9), on plough (9) periphery, helical blade (13) is installed.
3. a kind of fluid motor-driven dual force hoist cylinder formula Burdock harvesting machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: install and throw native screw auger (10) near the both sides on ground at plough (9), throw native screw auger (10) and be divided into two sections, one section left-handed, another section of dextrorotation.
4. a kind of fluid motor-driven dual force hoist cylinder formula Burdock harvesting machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the disk that fetches earth (1) is crescent, fetching earth from the disk that fetches earth (1) horizontal center line and crescent, to make tangent line be 5~20 degree with the angle of the vertical line of crossing center line for the intersection point of disk (1) crowning.
CN201410071318.9A 2014-03-02 2014-03-02 A kind of fluid motor-driven dual force hoist cylinder formula Burdock harvesting machine Expired - Fee Related CN103828533B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN103828533A true CN103828533A (en) 2014-06-04
CN103828533B CN103828533B (en) 2015-12-09

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113950905A (en) * 2021-12-03 2022-01-21 辽宁省农业科学院 Intelligent seeding and fertilizing machine suitable for intercropping planting

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1994009612A1 (en) * 1992-10-27 1994-05-11 Samka Vejle A/S A machine and a method for clearing and covering up seed potatoes
JP3139055U (en) * 2007-11-13 2008-01-31 株式会社ササキコーポレーション Dropper device for root crop harvester
CN201700152U (en) * 2010-06-18 2011-01-12 杨雷 Chinese yam plant harvest all-in-one machine
CN202222144U (en) * 2011-09-02 2012-05-23 张新星 Burdock harvesting machine
CN202222121U (en) * 2011-07-22 2012-05-23 中国农业大学 Disc-roller combined type covering device
CN102870543A (en) * 2012-10-15 2013-01-16 江苏省丰垒果蔬特种机械研制有限公司 Compass-laser positioning multifunctional Chinese yam harvester
CN102870542A (en) * 2011-07-11 2013-01-16 山东省农业机械科学研究所 Hydraulic driving vertical-lifting type yam harvester
CN102918983A (en) * 2012-12-05 2013-02-13 黄燕玲 Chinese yam harvester
CN202722024U (en) * 2012-05-30 2013-02-13 张新星 Burdock harvester

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1994009612A1 (en) * 1992-10-27 1994-05-11 Samka Vejle A/S A machine and a method for clearing and covering up seed potatoes
JP3139055U (en) * 2007-11-13 2008-01-31 株式会社ササキコーポレーション Dropper device for root crop harvester
CN201700152U (en) * 2010-06-18 2011-01-12 杨雷 Chinese yam plant harvest all-in-one machine
CN102870542A (en) * 2011-07-11 2013-01-16 山东省农业机械科学研究所 Hydraulic driving vertical-lifting type yam harvester
CN202222121U (en) * 2011-07-22 2012-05-23 中国农业大学 Disc-roller combined type covering device
CN202222144U (en) * 2011-09-02 2012-05-23 张新星 Burdock harvesting machine
CN202722024U (en) * 2012-05-30 2013-02-13 张新星 Burdock harvester
CN102870543A (en) * 2012-10-15 2013-01-16 江苏省丰垒果蔬特种机械研制有限公司 Compass-laser positioning multifunctional Chinese yam harvester
CN102918983A (en) * 2012-12-05 2013-02-13 黄燕玲 Chinese yam harvester

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113950905A (en) * 2021-12-03 2022-01-21 辽宁省农业科学院 Intelligent seeding and fertilizing machine suitable for intercropping planting

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Inventor after: He Bingfei

Inventor before: Guo Zhidong

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Effective date of registration: 20170317

Address after: Jin Shan Xiang 741000 in Gansu province Gangu County Bureau of Tianshui Wang Jia Cun He Jia Wan No. 60

Patentee after: He Bingfei

Address before: 100000 Beijing city Chaoyang District Albemarle Road No. 12 Chaowai room 801 8

Patentee before: Beijing Gao Hang United Technology Co., Ltd.

Effective date of registration: 20170317

Address after: 100000 Beijing city Chaoyang District Albemarle Road No. 12 Chaowai room 801 8

Patentee after: Beijing Gao Hang United Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: 255086 Zibo high tech Industrial Development Zone, Shandong high Chong Park, block D, room 1012

Patentee before: Shandong University of Technology

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20151209

Termination date: 20180302