CN103815204B - Fodder used for cultivating escargots and preparation method of fodder - Google Patents

Fodder used for cultivating escargots and preparation method of fodder Download PDF

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CN103815204B
CN103815204B CN201410083932.7A CN201410083932A CN103815204B CN 103815204 B CN103815204 B CN 103815204B CN 201410083932 A CN201410083932 A CN 201410083932A CN 103815204 B CN103815204 B CN 103815204B
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fodder
parts
powders
feed
river snail
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CN103815204A (en
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陈永林
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陈永林
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Abstract

The invention discloses a fodder used for cultivating escargots and a preparation method of the fodder. The fodder is characterized by comprising raw materials, such as edible mushrooms, peanut brans or bean brans, bone powders, maize powders or rice powders, and folium mori powders; the fodder comprises the following the raw material by weight: 20-80 parts of edible mushrooms, 5-20 parts of peanut brans or bean brans, 3-15 parts of bone powders, 10-30 parts of maize powders or rice powders and 5-20 parts of folium mori powders. The preparation method of the fodder comprises the following steps: getting the materials based on the proportion for full smashing respectively; sifting by a 80-mesh strainer; generating into pellet feed by a special fish-fodder ring die granulator, wherein the fodder grain diameter is 1-3 mm; packaging the fodder in bags. The fodder is available in raw materials, simple and convenient in preparation method, rich in nutrition, good in palatability, fast to absorb and digestible; the escargots are high in growth rate, high in disease resistance and high in cultivation survival rate.

Description

The feed of cultivation river snail and production method thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to aquatic feeds field, particularly a kind of feed and production method thereof cultivating river snail.
Background technology
River snail refers to the mollusk of Viviparidae, belongs to Mollusca Gastropoda Probranchia Viviparidae.River snail all has distribution in Chinese the greater part.Can catch in summer, autumn.Common in fresh water have China and USA etc., and the river snail individuality in Central China and East China is comparatively large, and the river snail individuality of South China is less, and river snail not only has edibility, also has medical value
River snail is liked living in cool in summer and warm in winter, that substrate is soft, bait enriches, water quality is fresh clearly waters, miss potter the place being clustered in miniflow water, in the water bodys such as river snail is liked perching and is rich in the water environment of humus at bed mud, the stream of the hollow or unhurried current in lake as in great numbers in pasture and water, pond, field.River snail feeding habits are mixed, and mainly eat water plant young stem and leaf, bacterium and organic debris etc., and river snail are liked nocturnalism and ingests.
River snail is Fresh & Tender in Texture good to eat, unique flavor, and delicious flavour is nutritious, rich in protein, and is rich in fat and phosphorus, calcium, ferro element and vitamin, is the first-class health foods of people; According to surveying and determination: river snail edible part 100 grams is moisture content 81 grams, 10.7 grams, protein, 1.2 grams, fat, carbohydrate 4 grams, ash content 3.3 grams about, calcic 1357 milligrams, 191 milligrams, phosphorus, iron 19.8 milligrams, thiamine 0.05 milligram, 0. 17 milligrams, riboflavin, niacin 9.9 milligrams, retinol1 30 international unit.The traditional Chinese medical science is thought: river snail taste is sweet, salty, cool in nature; Can relieve heat and thirst, inducing diuresis for treating strangurtia, improving eyesight, removing jaundice, for quenching one's thirst, liking drinking-water; Oedema, difficult urination, heat is drenched; Hot eyes heat pain; Jaundice symptom.
River snail is nutritious, edible, medical value is high, oneself becomes the aquatic products of people's eating gradually, market river snail product is in great demand, along with river snail purposes is more and more extensive, the catching intensity of river snail also strengthens thereupon, propagate river snail artificially imperative, the important kind of oneself one-tenth aquaculture of river snail, the man-made feeds demand of river snail also continues to increase, only be not only difficult to meet river snail requirement by wild feed, also likely cause the accumulation of disease, make river snail become parasite, pathogen carrier and can not eat.
For solving river snail feed problem; Chinese patent: river snail feed and compound method, application number: the CN201310083633.9 applying date: 2013.03.17 open (bulletin) number: CN103202398A open (bulletin) day: 2013.07.17 applies for (patent right) people: Yang Chengsheng; Disclose river snail feed and compound method, it is characterized in that, described feedstuff comprises dry trash fish or fish meal, beancake powder, wheat bran, rice bran, dish leaf, grass meal, animal tankage, pluck powder, oyster shell whiting, and described percentage is weight percentage; Above-mentioned substance fully pulverizing is respectively got than row according to described, sieve with 80 eye mesh screens, dish leaf breaks into dish liquid slurry, described material powder and dish liquid are starched and are jointly put into fish feed mixer and stir 50 minutes, pellet is made again with special fish meal ring modeling pelletizer, feed particle diameter 2 millimeters, feed dries rear bag distribution packaging; The present invention selects multiple feedstuff assembly to form, and provide feed base, animal protein and vegetable protein reasonable mixture ratio in composition for producing river snail, rich in nutrition content, is conducive to river snail digesting and assimilating various nutritional labeling; The feed of this formulated, raw material is easy to get, good palatability, easy to digest, absorb fast, river snail fast growth, resistance against diseases are strong, cultivation survival rate is high.
Although existing river snail feed invention, kind is single at present, and above invention raw material is complicated, make loaded down with trivial details, dish leaf will be broken into dish liquid slurry, then material powder and dish liquid are starched jointly put into fish feed mixer and stir 50 minutes, operating like this to compare wastes time and energy.
Summary of the invention
The kind that the object of the invention is for cultivating river snail feed is at present single, raw material is complicated and make loaded down with trivial details problem, there is provided that a kind of raw material is simple and easy to get, production method is easy, nutritious, good palatability, easy to digest, absorb fast, the river snail feed that river snail fast growth, resistance against diseases are strong, cultivation survival rate is high and its production method.
Technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
Cultivate feed and the production method thereof of river snail, it is characterized in that comprising raw material: edible fungi residues, peanut press pulp or soyabean bran, bone meal, corn flour or rice meal, mulberry leaf powder.
Described feedstuff proportioning is by weight: edible fungi residues 20-80 part, peanut press pulp or soyabean bran 5-20 part, bone meal 3-15 part, corn flour or rice meal 10-30 part, mulberry leaf powder 5-20 part.
Preferred version: described feedstuff proportioning by weight: edible fungi residues 40-60 part, peanut press pulp or soyabean bran 8-15 part, bone meal 3-8 part, corn flour or rice meal 10-20 part, mulberry leaf powder 5-12 part.
Described edible fungi residues is the residue after cultivated mushroom is gathered, and raw material is easy to get, and cost is low, and river snail is liked eating.
Described bone meal is the bone meal of ox, sheep and pig.
Peanut press pulp or soyabean bran provide a certain amount of protein to river snail.
Mulberry leaf powder, mulberry leaf are leaves of moraceae plants mulberry, and mulberry tree has another name called a mulberry, Jing Sang, mulberry fruit tree, yellow wood leaf etc., and national most area has growth, and mulberry-leaf extract has one to wash the clear sugar element of pancreas, have the effects such as hypoglycemic, blood fat, anti-inflammatory.Modern pharmacological research finds, mulberry leaf all have stronger inhibitory action to staphylococcus aureus, hemolytic coccus, corynebacterium diphtheriae, bacillus anthracis; So the present invention adds the raw material of mulberry leaf powder as river snail feed, river snail can be prevented sick, improve survival rate.
Described feed production method: get above-mentioned substance according to described ratio and fully pulverize respectively, sieve with 80 eye mesh screens, then make pellet with special fish meal ring modeling pelletizer, feed particle diameter 1-3 millimeter, feed bag distribution packaging.
the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
The present invention cultivates feed and the production method thereof of river snail, the kind solving cultivation river snail feed is at present single, raw material is complicated and make loaded down with trivial details problem, provide that a kind of raw material is simple and easy to get, production method is easy, nutritious, good palatability, easy to digest, absorb fast, the river snail feed that river snail fast growth, resistance against diseases are strong, cultivation survival rate is high and its production method.
Detailed description of the invention
Cultivate feed and the production method thereof of river snail, it is characterized in that comprising raw material: edible fungi residues, peanut press pulp or soyabean bran, bone meal, corn flour or rice meal, mulberry leaf powder.
Described feedstuff proportioning is by weight: edible fungi residues 20-80 part, peanut press pulp or soyabean bran 5-20 part, bone meal 3-15 part, corn flour or rice meal 10-30 part, mulberry leaf powder 5-20 part.
Preferred version: described feedstuff proportioning by weight: edible fungi residues 40-60 part, peanut press pulp or soyabean bran 8-15 part, bone meal 3-8 part, corn flour or rice meal 10-20 part, mulberry leaf powder 5-12 part.
Described edible fungi residues is the residue after cultivated mushroom is gathered.
Described bone meal is the bone meal of ox, sheep, pig.
Described feed production method: get above-mentioned substance according to described ratio and fully pulverize respectively, sieve with 80 eye mesh screens, then make pellet with special fish meal ring modeling pelletizer, feed particle diameter 1-3 millimeter, feed bag distribution packaging.
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the invention will be further described, but be not limited thereto.
Embodiment 1:
Edible fungi residues (edible fungi residues is the residue after cultivated mushroom is gathered) 20 parts, peanut press pulp or soyabean bran 5 parts, bone meal (ox, sheep, pig) 3 parts, corn flour or rice meal 10 parts, mulberry leaf powder 5 parts.
Embodiment 2:
Edible fungi residues (edible fungi residues is the residue after cultivated mushroom is gathered) 80 parts, peanut press pulp or soyabean bran 20 parts, bone meal (ox, sheep, pig) 15 parts, corn flour or rice meal 30 parts, mulberry leaf powder 20 parts.
Embodiment 3:
Edible fungi residues (edible fungi residues is the residue after cultivated mushroom is gathered) 30 parts, peanut press pulp or soyabean bran 10 parts, bone meal (ox, sheep, pig) 5 parts, corn flour or rice meal 15 parts, mulberry leaf powder 10 parts.
Embodiment 4:
Edible fungi residues (edible fungi residues is the residue after cultivated mushroom is gathered) 40 parts, peanut press pulp or soyabean bran 20 parts, bone meal (ox, sheep, pig) 10 parts, corn flour or rice meal 20 parts, mulberry leaf powder 15 parts.
Embodiment 5:
Edible fungi residues (edible fungi residues is the residue after cultivated mushroom is gathered) 50 parts, peanut press pulp or soyabean bran 15 parts, bone meal (ox, sheep, pig) 10 parts, corn flour or rice meal 20 parts, mulberry leaf powder 10 parts.
Embodiment 6:
Edible fungi residues (edible fungi residues is the residue after cultivated mushroom is gathered) 60 parts, peanut press pulp or soyabean bran 15 parts, bone meal (ox, sheep, pig) 8 parts, corn flour or rice meal 20 parts, mulberry leaf powder 10 parts.
Embodiment 7:
Edible fungi residues (edible fungi residues is the residue after cultivated mushroom is gathered) 70 parts, peanut press pulp or soyabean bran 10 parts, bone meal (ox, sheep, pig) 15 parts, corn flour or rice meal 20 parts, mulberry leaf powder 15 parts.
Feed production method described in above embodiment 1-7: get above-mentioned substance according to described ratio and fully pulverize respectively, sieve with 80 eye mesh screens, then make pellet with special fish meal ring modeling pelletizer, feed particle diameter 1-3 millimeter, feed bag distribution packaging.
The present inventor adopts the feed of the river snail of above-described embodiment 1-7, puts 100-120 in a suitable place to breed for every square metre, and cultivation river snail can reach 20 grams ~ 25 grams/piece, and every mu of annual production is 700-1200 kilogram, annual results 3-5 time.And with throw in separately compared with green vegetables, output increases by more than 2 times, and is not easy sick.

Claims (2)

1. cultivate a production method for the feed of river snail, it is characterized in that, be made up of the raw material of following parts by weight: edible fungi residues 20-80 part, peanut press pulp or soyabean bran 5-20 part, bone meal 3-15 part, corn flour or rice meal 10-30 part, mulberry leaf powder 5-20 part;
Described edible fungi residues is the residue after cultivated mushroom is gathered;
Described bone meal is the bone meal of ox, sheep and pig;
Described feed production method is: pulverized respectively by needed raw material, sieves, make pellet with 80 eye mesh screens, feed particle diameter 1-3 millimeter.
2. the production method of the feed of cultivation river snail according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, be made up of the raw material of following parts by weight: edible fungi residues 40-60 part, peanut press pulp or soyabean bran 8-15 part, bone meal 3-8 part, corn flour or rice meal 10-20 part, mulberry leaf powder 5-12 part.
CN201410083932.7A 2014-03-10 2014-03-10 Fodder used for cultivating escargots and preparation method of fodder Active CN103815204B (en)

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Families Citing this family (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104187184B (en) * 2014-09-22 2016-08-31 南陵宝恒野生葛种植专业合作社 A kind of river snail feed and preparation method thereof
CN104256210B (en) * 2014-09-22 2016-08-24 安徽省葛根生产力促进中心有限公司 A kind of Cipangopaludina chinensis special feed
CN104814286A (en) * 2015-04-28 2015-08-05 徐玉文 Bellamya quadrata breeding feed and production method thereof
CN104824415A (en) * 2015-04-28 2015-08-12 雍自玲 Spiral shell fattening feed
CN104920816A (en) * 2015-06-25 2015-09-23 时敏 Zinc-rich feed for river snails
CN105495036A (en) * 2015-12-07 2016-04-20 杨成胜 Chinese herbal medicine additive of feed for Viviparidae
CN106879877B (en) * 2017-01-21 2020-02-21 台州中知英健机械自动化有限公司 Feed for improving meat quality of river snails and preparation method thereof
CN106857342A (en) * 2017-04-10 2017-06-20 许海波 The cultural method of river snail
CN107495006A (en) * 2017-10-12 2017-12-22 贾庆光 A kind of river snail feed
CN109258532A (en) * 2018-10-09 2019-01-25 广西壮族自治区水产科学研究院 A kind of artificial breeding method of China and USA

Citations (4)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101023776A (en) * 2006-02-24 2007-08-29 澎湖技术学院 Babylonia areolata artificial feed composition
CN101715884A (en) * 2009-11-24 2010-06-02 湛江东腾饲料有限公司 Dongfeng snail powder compound feed
CN102100319A (en) * 2011-01-17 2011-06-22 宁波大学 Compound feed used for culturing hemifusus tuba gmelin
CN103202398A (en) * 2013-03-17 2013-07-17 杨成胜 Winkle feed and preparation method

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101023776A (en) * 2006-02-24 2007-08-29 澎湖技术学院 Babylonia areolata artificial feed composition
CN101715884A (en) * 2009-11-24 2010-06-02 湛江东腾饲料有限公司 Dongfeng snail powder compound feed
CN102100319A (en) * 2011-01-17 2011-06-22 宁波大学 Compound feed used for culturing hemifusus tuba gmelin
CN103202398A (en) * 2013-03-17 2013-07-17 杨成胜 Winkle feed and preparation method

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