CN103771894B - A kind of aerated bricks with antifreeze function and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of aerated bricks with antifreeze function and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103771894B
CN103771894B CN201410015763.3A CN201410015763A CN103771894B CN 103771894 B CN103771894 B CN 103771894B CN 201410015763 A CN201410015763 A CN 201410015763A CN 103771894 B CN103771894 B CN 103771894B
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China
Prior art keywords
aerated bricks
powder
auxiliary agent
hour
antifreeze function
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CN201410015763.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103771894A (en
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任劲松
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安徽盛仁新型建材有限公司
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Priority to CN201410015763.3A priority Critical patent/CN103771894B/en
Publication of CN103771894A publication Critical patent/CN103771894A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/91Use of waste materials as fillers for mortars or concrete

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of aerated bricks with antifreeze function, it is characterized in that, made by the raw material of following weight portion: Pb-Zn tailings powder 20-25, house refuse 17-19, lime 11-14, aluminium powder 0.2-0.5, phosphate cement 5-7, natural yellow sand 10-13, potassium sulfate 2-4, ethylene diamine tetra methylene phosphonic acid five sodium 1-4, carbonic hydroammonium 2-5, tara gum 0.3-0.6, tamarind gum 0.2-0.4, soda ash 1-3, chestnut shell 3-5, gelatin 0.5-0.7, dried orange peel 0.1-0.3, tarragon 0.3-0.5, auxiliary agent 4-6, suitable quantity of water; The aerated bricks that the present invention makes has good resistance to frost, by adding suitable auxiliary agent and foam stabilizer to improve the toughness of aerated bricks, increase anti-permeability performance, and processing technology simply, easily implement, can reduce production costs, realize the recycling economy effect turning waste into wealth, improved the competitiveness of product.

Description

A kind of aerated bricks with antifreeze function and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to aerated bricks technical field, be specifically related to a kind of aerated bricks and making thereof with antifreeze functionMethod.
Background technology
In recent years, along with the quickening of process of industrialization and the raising of the level of urbanization, various environment have also been broughtPressure and problem, the various solid wastes that industrial processes produce and urban construction are removed and are remake the solid waste brought etc.Perplexing resident's living environment, the present invention adds in aerated bricks solid waste as raw material, has realized alwaysThe cyclic utilization of waste, has reduced the pollution to environment, meets strategy of sustainable development requirement.
Aerated bricks is the air-entrained concrete building block of producing by autoclave at high temperature apparatus and process. Air-entrained concrete building block withCement, slag, sand, lime etc. are primary raw material, add foaming agent, form through stirring moulding, steam press maintenanceSolid block, air entrained concrete by purposes, can be divided into non-bearing building block, bearing building block, heat insulating block, wallboardWith five kinds, roof boarding.
Tradition solid clay brick weight is large, not only wastes outside national clay resource, price height, and cannot expireThe requirement of brick for some special buildings of foot, therefore common brick use has been completely forbidden in present many advanced areas, getsAnd generation advocate energetically aerated bricks. Compare with normal concrete brick with traditional clay brick, aerated bricks is weight not onlyGently, also there is insulation, sound insulation value is excellent, shock resistance is strong, good processability, resistance to elevated temperatures are good,The advantages such as strong adaptability. But China, about the production technology of aerated bricks is ripe not enough, makes aerating at presentBrick Development Technology is slow, also cannot meet the demand of multiple market.
Summary of the invention
Object of the present invention is just to provide a kind of aerated bricks with antifreeze function and preparation method thereof, existing to overcomeThere is the deficiency of technology.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this:
An aerated bricks with antifreeze function, is characterized in that, is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: plumbous zincMine tailing 20-25, house refuse 17-19, lime 11-14, aluminium powder 0.2-0.5, phosphate cement 5-7, skySo yellow sand 10-13, potassium sulfate 2-4, ethylene diamine tetra methylene phosphonic acid five sodium 1-4, carbonic hydroammonium 2-5, tara gum0.3-0.6, tamarind gum 0.2-0.4, soda ash 1-3, chestnut shell 3-5, gelatin 0.5-0.7, dried orange peel 0.1-0.3,Tarragon 0.3-0.5, auxiliary agent 4-6, suitable quantity of water; Described auxiliary agent is made up of following raw materials in part by weight: poly-inclined to one side difluoroEthene 1.2-3.1, silicon carbide powder 2-4, titanium dioxide 3-5, Ludox 0.3-0.6, redispersible latex powder0.6-1.2, citronella oil 3-6, borneol 1-3, ultra micro wax powder 0.7-0.9, grapevine 4-7, its preparation method be byEach crushing material mixes, and is heated to 70-80 DEG C, and stirring reaction 30-40 minute, to obtain final product;
The preparation method of described a kind of aerated bricks with antifreeze function, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) chestnut shell, dried orange peel, tarragon are decocted together in water to filtration in 2-3 hour, gained filtrate vacuumConcentration extraction, obtains Chinese medical extract;
(2) after the filter residue of step (1) and Pb-Zn tailings powder, house refuse are mixed, at 750-870 DEG CCalcining 3-4 hour, cooling, grind, add tara gum, tamarind gum, gelatin to stir;
(3), by step (1), (2) reaction mass and other residual components, drop in mixer and stir and mixClose 8-10 minute, obtain mixed slurry;
(4) gained mixed slurry is poured into mold forming, precuring 1-3 hour at 39-46 DEG C, the demoulding,Cutting, obtains building block base; Again building block base is put into reactor steam press maintenance 13-15 hour, put in storage and get final product.
The present invention has following beneficial effect: the present invention adds Pb-Zn tailings powder, house refuse, carbonic hydroammonium toIn the raw material of aerated bricks, improve the resistance to frost of aerated bricks, by adding suitable auxiliary agent and foam stabilizer to changeThe toughness of being apt to aerated bricks, has increased anti-permeability performance, and processing technology simply, easily implement, can reduce lifeProduce cost, realized the recycling economy effect turning waste into wealth, improve the competitiveness of product.
Detailed description of the invention
Described a kind of aerated bricks with antifreeze function, is characterized in that, is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:Pb-Zn tailings powder 23, house refuse 18, lime 12, aluminium powder 0.2, phosphate cement 7, natural yellow sand 10,Potassium sulfate 2, ethylene diamine tetra methylene phosphonic acid five sodium 1, carbonic hydroammonium 2, tara gum 0.3, tamarind gum 0.4,Soda ash 1, chestnut shell 3, gelatin 0.5, dried orange peel 0.13, tarragon 0.3, auxiliary agent 4, suitable quantity of water; Described helpsAgent is made up of following raw materials in part by weight: polyvinylidene fluoride 1.5, silicon carbide powder 2, titanium dioxide 3, Ludox0.35, redispersible latex powder 0.6, citronella oil 3, borneol 1, ultra micro wax powder 0.8, grapevine 6, its systemPreparation Method is that each crushing material is mixed, and is heated to 70-80 DEG C, and stirring reaction 30-40 minute, to obtain final product;
Preparation method comprises the following steps:
(1) chestnut shell, dried orange peel, tarragon are decocted together in water to filtration in 2-3 hour, gained filtrate vacuumConcentration extraction, obtains Chinese medical extract;
(2) after the filter residue of step (1) and Pb-Zn tailings powder, house refuse are mixed, at 750-870 DEG CCalcining 3-4 hour, cooling, grind, add tara gum, tamarind gum, gelatin to stir;
(3), by step (1), (2) reaction mass and other residual components, drop in mixer and stir and mixClose 8-10 minute, obtain mixed slurry;
(4) gained mixed slurry is poured into mold forming, precuring 1-3 hour at 39-46 DEG C, the demoulding,Cutting, obtains building block base; Again building block base is put into reactor steam press maintenance 13-15 hour, put in storage and get final product.
The performance data of processing the aerated bricks obtaining by above-described embodiment is as follows: the bulk density 585-of this building block630kg/m3, there is a large amount of pores and micropore in building block inside, thereby have good thermal and insulating performance, flatAverage compression strength is 6.0-7.3MPa.

Claims (2)

1. one kind has the aerated bricks of antifreeze function, it is characterized in that, made by the raw material of following weight portion: Pb-Zn tailings powder 20-25, house refuse 17-19, lime 11-14, aluminium powder 0.2-0.5, phosphate cement 5-7, natural yellow sand 10-13, potassium sulfate 2-4, ethylene diamine tetra methylene phosphonic acid five sodium 1-4, carbonic hydroammonium 2-5, tara gum 0.3-0.6, tamarind gum 0.2-0.4, soda ash 1-3, chestnut shell 3-5, gelatin 0.5-0.7, dried orange peel 0.1-0.3, tarragon 0.3-0.5, auxiliary agent 4-6, suitable quantity of water; Described auxiliary agent is made up of following raw materials in part by weight: polyvinylidene fluoride 1.2-3.1, silicon carbide powder 2-4, titanium dioxide 3-5, Ludox 0.3-0.6, redispersible latex powder 0.6-1.2, citronella oil 3-6, borneol 1-3, ultra micro wax powder 0.7-0.9, grapevine 4-7, the preparation method of described auxiliary agent mixes each crushing material, be heated to 70-80 DEG C, stirring reaction 30-40 minute, to obtain final product.
2. the preparation method of a kind of aerated bricks with antifreeze function according to claim 1, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) chestnut shell, dried orange peel, tarragon are decocted together in water to filtration in 2-3 hour, gained filtrate Vacuum Concentration extracts, and obtains Chinese medical extract;
(2) after the filter residue of step (1) and Pb-Zn tailings powder, house refuse are mixed, at 750-870 DEG C, calcine 3-4 hour, cooling, grind, add tara gum, tamarind gum, gelatin to stir;
(3) by step (1), (2) reaction mass and other residual components, drop in mixer and be uniformly mixed 8-10 minute, obtain mixed slurry;
(4) gained mixed slurry is poured into mold forming, precuring 1-3 hour at 39-46 DEG C, the demoulding, cutting, obtains building block base; Again building block base is put into reactor steam press maintenance 13-15 hour, put in storage and get final product.
CN201410015763.3A 2014-01-14 2014-01-14 A kind of aerated bricks with antifreeze function and preparation method thereof CN103771894B (en)

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Families Citing this family (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104556914A (en) * 2014-12-19 2015-04-29 安徽中龙建材科技有限公司 Antifreeze aerated concrete block and preparation method thereof
CN104556958A (en) * 2014-12-19 2015-04-29 安徽中龙建材科技有限公司 Anti-cracking seepage-proof aerated brick and preparation method thereof
CN105036671A (en) * 2015-06-25 2015-11-11 合肥蓝科新材料有限公司 Fluorine-containing anti-freezing aerated brick
CN105478243B (en) * 2015-11-19 2018-05-08 中国地质科学院郑州矿产综合利用研究所 A kind of new inhibitor and its application method for ore concentration of bauxite
CN106630929A (en) * 2017-01-16 2017-05-10 陈慧琼 Dried orange peel tea product baking room wall body, preparation method of dried orange peel tea product drying room wall body and baking method of dried orange peel tea product
CN106966688B (en) * 2017-04-28 2019-05-28 遵义宏达新型建材有限公司 A kind of processing technology of composite aerated brick
CN107056192A (en) * 2017-05-25 2017-08-18 汤始建华建材(苏州)有限公司 A kind of concrete improved with water plant
CN107082596A (en) * 2017-06-20 2017-08-22 肥西县碧涛建材有限公司 A kind of house refuse energy-saving brick and preparation method

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103449765A (en) * 2013-07-31 2013-12-18 潘逸东 Preparation method of anti-corrosion aerated brick
CN103449764A (en) * 2013-07-31 2013-12-18 潘逸东 Heat-resistant aerated brick

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103449765A (en) * 2013-07-31 2013-12-18 潘逸东 Preparation method of anti-corrosion aerated brick
CN103449764A (en) * 2013-07-31 2013-12-18 潘逸东 Heat-resistant aerated brick

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