CN102875186B - Fluorite slag aerated brick and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Fluorite slag aerated brick and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102875186B
CN102875186B CN201210304877.0A CN201210304877A CN102875186B CN 102875186 B CN102875186 B CN 102875186B CN 201210304877 A CN201210304877 A CN 201210304877A CN 102875186 B CN102875186 B CN 102875186B
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parts
weight
powder
attapulgite
fluorite slag
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CN102875186A (en
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晋元龙
陈德全
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Xuzhou Huanyuan Engineering Equipment Co., Ltd
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Ma'an Mountain Bao Long Building Material Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/91Use of waste materials as fillers for mortars or concrete

Abstract

The invention provides a fluorite slag aerated brick which is prepared through processing raw materials in part by weight: 20 to 30 parts of fluorite slag, 25 to 30 parts of sand, 5 to 10 parts of cement, 4 to 6 parts of modified attapulgite, 5 to 10 parts of ceramsite, 5 to 10 parts of waste in ceramic factories, 5 to 10 parts of light calcium powder, 10 to 15 parts of lime, triethanolamine, 4 to 5 parts of gypsum, 0.02 to 0.08 part of aluminum powder, oxidized paraffin wax soap, 0.01 to 0.02 part of calcium bicarbonate, 2 to 3 parts of lava, 1 to 2 parts of lignocellulose, 0.3 to 0.5 part of sodium silicate, 0.03 to 0.05 part of borax, 1 to 2 parts of sodium hexametahposphate, 1 to 2 parts of hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose sodium, and 1 to 2 parts of superfine polyvinyl alcohol, wherein the weight of the triethanolamine is 0.1 to 0.3 percent of that of the lime, and the weight of the oxidized paraffin wax soap is 3 to 5 percent of that of the aluminum powder. Fluorite slag is added in the raw materials of the aerated brick, meanwhile, other conventional additives and modified nano additives are added, a proper process is adopted to manufacture the aerated brick, and the aerated brick is low in cost and good in performance, achieves the circular economy effect of turning waste into valuable, reduces the pollution, is light in weight, high in heat insulation property, good in sound-absorbing effect, and high in strength, and can be used as a non-bearing wall or a bearing wall.

Description

A kind of fluorite slag aerated bricks and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to building material field, be specifically related to a kind of fluorite slag aerated bricks and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Air-entrained concrete building block is taking cement, slag, sand, lime etc. as main raw material, add foaming agent, the solid block forming through stirring moulding, steam press maintenance, gas concrete is by purposes, can be divided into five kinds, non-bearing building block, bearing building block, insulation block, wallboard and roof boarding.
Aerated bricks has that unit weight is light, heat-insulating property is high, sound-absorbing effect is good, has certain advantage such as intensity and workability, is that China applies the earliest, one of most popular light wall material.
Under the background becoming more and more important in the whole world energy and natural conservation; along with the adjustment of industry policy and the raising of environmental protection consciousness; the utilization of other trade wastes also presents ascendant trend; the Heterosis of economy, environment and technical elements that most countries has in construction process trade waste goes out positive interest; many trade wastes are proved to be and can be recycled, and become the power of developing a circular economy with Sustainable development.
Human society industry and expanding economy and human living standard's raising and diversified result thereof, formed the social system of large-scale production, high flow rate and many discardedization.Particularly a large amount of municipal wastes, has to adopt burn to subtract and holds innoxious and landfill disposal.But land occupation and environmental pollution are still maximum social concern.Solving this strongest countermeasure of changing day by day deeply problem is to carry out rubbish and trade waste renewable resources.
Add to various trade wastes or urban construction waste as starting material aerated bricks production in, play saving natural resource, the useless environmental protection texts of profit, becomes and develops a circular economy and the power of Sustainable development.
The present invention adds in aerated bricks and has realized the cyclic utilization of waste fluorite slag as starting material, has reduced the pollution to environment, meets strategy of sustainable development requirement.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of fluorite slag aerated bricks and working method thereof, aerated bricks of the present invention has that unit weight is light, heat-insulating property is high, sound-absorbing effect is good, and the feature that intensity is high, can be used as non-bearing wall body or the body of wall of weighing uses.
Technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
A kind of fluorite slag aerated bricks, is characterized in that, its starting material by following weight part are processed into:
Fluorite slag 20-30, sand 25-30, cement 5-10, attapulgite modified 4-6, haydite 5-10, the waste material 5-10 of ceramics factory, light calcium carbonate powder 5-10, lime 10-15, the 0.1-0.3% of trolamine lime weight, gypsum 2, aluminium powder 0.02-0.08, oxidized paraffin wax soap dosage are 3-5%, Calcium hydrogen carbonate 0.01-0.02, volcanics 2-3, lignocellulose 1-2, water glass 0.3-0.5, Sodium hexametaphosphate 99 1-2, Vltra tears sodium 1-2, borax 0.03-0.05, the micronized polyethylene alcohol 1-2 of aluminium powder weight
(1) attapulgite is carried out to modification: first use 15-20% salt acid soak attapulgite 1-2 hour, leave standstill, clarification, centrifugal, solid washes with water to neutrality, after oven dry, add that to be equivalent to the vinyltriethoxysilane agitating of solid weight 3-5% even, dry, grind to form nanometer powder.
Described a kind of fluorite slag aerated bricks, is characterized in that, its starting material by following weight part are processed into:
Fluorite slag 25, cement 56, attapulgite modified 5, haydite 8, ceramics factory's waste material 6, light calcium carbonate powder 12, lime 14, the 0.1-0.3% of trolamine lime weight, gypsum 2, aluminium powder 0.05, oxidized paraffin wax soap dosage be aluminium powder weight 4%, Calcium hydrogen carbonate 0.01, volcanics 3, lignocellulose 1.5, water glass 0.4, Sodium hexametaphosphate 99 1, Vltra tears sodium 2, borax 0.04, micronized polyethylene alcohol 1.
The preparation method of described fluorite slag aerated bricks, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
(1) attapulgite is carried out to modification: first use 15-20% salt acid soak attapulgite 1-2 hour, leave standstill, clarification, centrifugal, solid washes with water to neutrality, after oven dry, add that to be equivalent to the vinyltriethoxysilane agitating of solid weight 3-5% even, dry, grind to form nanometer powder;
(2) take each starting material by formula rate, lumpy material is dropped into abrasive dust in ball mill, powder is crossed 180-200 mesh sieve;
(3) major ingredient of milled, auxiliary agent is admixed together, drop in stirrer, add appropriate water to stir into slurry;
(4) mixed slurry being stirred is injected to mould;
(5) then put into the chamber of resting at 50-60 DEG C of sealing thermal insulation, the time 1.5-2 hour that rests, the base substrate that obtains resting; (6) base substrate of resting is put into and on cutting machine, is processed into fragment of brick; (7) fragment of brick is put in high pressure autoclave and carried out steam press maintenance 3-4 hour, steam curing temperature is 180-195 DEG C, steam-cured pressure 10-11 MPa;
(8) fragment of brick in autoclave is removed pressure, lowered the temperature, goes out still, obtain product.
beneficial effect of the present invention:
The present invention, by adopting the composition of fluorite slag as aerated bricks, has effectively reduced environmental pollution, turns waste into wealth, and has protected environment; The present invention, by adding nanometer powder breeze, has alleviated the unit weight of brick, meanwhile, has reduced energy consumption; Brick of the present invention is heat insulation all good with sound-proofing properties, and more existing aerated bricks is significantly improved.The present invention is simultaneously by optimization of C/C composites materials, and intensity of the present invention, frost resistance are significantly improved.Prepared aerated bricks both can be used as non-bearing wall body and had used, and also can make bearing wall and use.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
Take the starting material of following weight part: fluorite slag 20-30, sand 25-30, cement 5-10, modified Nano attapulgite 4-6, haydite 5-10, the waste material 5-10 of ceramics factory, light calcium carbonate powder 5-10, lime 10-15, the 0.1-0.3% of trolamine lime weight, gypsum 1-3, aluminium powder 0.02-0.08, oxidized paraffin wax soap dosage is the 3-5% of aluminium powder weight, Calcium hydrogen carbonate 0.01-0.02, volcanics 2-3, lignocellulose 1-2, water glass 0.3-0.5, Sodium hexametaphosphate 99 1-2, borax 0.03-0.05, Vltra tears sodium 1-2, micronized polyethylene alcohol 1-2,
Wherein, attapulgite is carried out to modification: first use 15-20% salt acid soak attapulgite 1-2 hour, leave standstill, clarification, centrifugal, solid washes with water to neutrality, after oven dry, adds that to be equivalent to the vinyltriethoxysilane agitating of solid weight 3-5% even, dry, grind to form nanometer powder
Load weighted above-mentioned substance is processed into aerated bricks finished product by following method, concrete steps:
(1) attapulgite is carried out to modification: first use 15-20% salt acid soak attapulgite 1-2 hour, leave standstill, clarification, centrifugal, solid washes with water to neutrality, after oven dry, add that to be equivalent to the vinyltriethoxysilane agitating of solid weight 3-5% even, dry, grind to form nanometer powder;
(2) take each starting material by formula rate, lumpy material is dropped into abrasive dust in ball mill, powder is crossed 180-200 mesh sieve;
(3) major ingredient of milled, auxiliary agent is admixed together, drop in stirrer, add appropriate water to stir into slurry;
(4) mixed slurry being stirred is injected to mould;
(5) then put into the chamber of resting at 50-60 DEG C of sealing thermal insulation, the time 1.5-2 hour that rests, the base substrate that obtains resting; (6) base substrate of resting is put into and on cutting machine, is processed into fragment of brick; (7) fragment of brick is put in high pressure autoclave and carried out steam press maintenance 6-8 hour, steam curing temperature is 180-195 DEG C, steam-cured pressure 10-11 MPa;
(8) fragment of brick in autoclave is removed pressure, lowered the temperature, goes out still, obtain product.
Embodiment 2
Take the starting material of following weight part: fluorite slag 25, cement 56, modified Nano attapulgite 5, haydite 8, ceramics factory's waste material 6, light calcium carbonate powder 12, lime 14, the 0.1-0.3% of trolamine lime weight, gypsum 2, aluminium powder 0.05, oxidized paraffin wax soap dosage is 4% of aluminium powder weight, Calcium hydrogen carbonate 0.01, volcanics 3, lignocellulose 1.5, water glass 0.4, Sodium hexametaphosphate 99 1, borax 0.04, Vltra tears sodium 2, micronized polyethylene alcohol 1, wherein, attapulgite modifiedly made by following method: first use 15 % salt acid soak sepiolite 1-2 hour, leave standstill, clarification, centrifugal, solid washes with water to neutrality, after oven dry, add that to be equivalent to the vinyltriethoxysilane agitating of solid weight 3-5% even, dry, be ground into powder,
Load weighted above-mentioned substance is processed into aerated bricks finished product by following method, concrete steps:
(1) attapulgite is carried out to modification: first use 15-20% salt acid soak attapulgite 1-2 hour, leave standstill, clarification, centrifugal, solid washes with water to neutrality, after oven dry, add that to be equivalent to the vinyltriethoxysilane agitating of solid weight 3-5% even, dry, grind to form nanometer powder;
(2) take each starting material by formula rate, lumpy material is dropped into abrasive dust in ball mill, powder is crossed 180-200 mesh sieve;
(3) major ingredient of milled, auxiliary agent is admixed together, drop in stirrer, add appropriate water to stir into slurry;
(4) mixed slurry being stirred is injected to mould;
(5) then put into the chamber of resting at 50-60 DEG C of sealing thermal insulation, the time 1.5-2 hour that rests, the base substrate that obtains resting; (6) base substrate of resting is put into and on cutting machine, is processed into fragment of brick; (7) fragment of brick is put in high pressure autoclave and carried out steam press maintenance 6-8 hour, steam curing temperature is 180-195 DEG C, steam-cured pressure 10-11 MPa;
(8) fragment of brick in autoclave is removed pressure, lowered the temperature, goes out still, obtain product.
The performance test results of the aerated bricks to embodiment 2 sees the following form:

Claims (2)

1. a fluorite slag aerated bricks, is characterized in that, its starting material by following weight part are processed into:
Fluorite slag 20-30, sand 25-30, cement 5-10, modified Nano attapulgite 4-6, haydite 5-10, the waste material 5-10 of ceramics factory, light calcium carbonate powder 5-10, lime 10-15, trolamine dosage are that 0.1-0.3%, gypsum 1-3, aluminium powder 0.02-0.08, the oxidized paraffin wax soap dosage of lime weight is 3-5%, Calcium hydrogen carbonate 0.01-0.02, volcanics 2-3, lignocellulose 1-2, water glass 0.3-0.5, Sodium hexametaphosphate 99 1-2, Vltra tears sodium 1-2, micronized polyethylene alcohol 1-2, the borax 0.03-0.05 of aluminium powder weight
Described modified Nano attapulgite is made by following method: first use 15-20% salt acid soak attapulgite 1-2 hour, leave standstill, clarification, centrifugal, solid washes with water to neutrality, after oven dry, adds the vinyltriethoxysilane that is equivalent to solid weight 3-5% to stir, dry, grind to form nanometer powder.
2. the preparation method of fluorite slag aerated bricks as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
(1) attapulgite is carried out to modification: first use 15-20% salt acid soak attapulgite 1-2 hour, leave standstill, clarification, centrifugal, solid washes with water to neutrality, after oven dry, add the vinyltriethoxysilane that is equivalent to solid weight 3-5% to stir, dry, grind to form nanometer powder;
(2) take each starting material by formula rate, lumpy material is dropped into abrasive dust in ball mill, powder is crossed 180-200 mesh sieve;
(3) major ingredient of milled, auxiliary agent is admixed together, drop in stirrer, add appropriate water to stir into slurry;
(4) mixed slurry being stirred is injected to mould;
(5) then put into the chamber of resting at 50-60 DEG C of sealing thermal insulation, the time 1.5-2 hour that rests, the base substrate that obtains resting;
(6) base substrate of resting is put into and on cutting machine, is processed into fragment of brick;
(7) fragment of brick is put in high pressure autoclave and carried out steam press maintenance 6-8 hour, steam curing temperature is 180-195 DEG C, steam-cured pressure 10-11 MPa;
(8) fragment of brick in autoclave is removed pressure, lowered the temperature, goes out still, obtain product.
CN201210304877.0A 2012-08-25 2012-08-25 Fluorite slag aerated brick and preparation method thereof Active CN102875186B (en)

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Families Citing this family (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103601443B (en) * 2013-11-04 2015-07-01 沈礼群 Slag wall brick and preparation method thereof
CN104230267B (en) * 2014-09-09 2016-05-18 普定县银丰农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of heat-holding dampproof floor tile and preparation method thereof
CN104355654B (en) * 2014-10-09 2016-08-17 大连地拓重工有限公司 Fluorite slag external wall insulation method
CN105272080A (en) * 2015-09-29 2016-01-27 马鞍山杰创塑胶科技有限公司 Aerated building block capable of purifying air, and making method thereof
CN105271982A (en) * 2015-09-30 2016-01-27 安徽坤隆新型建材有限公司 Aerated brick and making method thereof
CN108101480B (en) * 2017-12-01 2020-10-20 嵊州市平隆新型墙体建材股份有限公司 Preparation method of compression-resistant aerated brick
CN110002846A (en) * 2019-04-10 2019-07-12 泉州工艺美术职业学院 A kind of refractory, hollow brick and preparation method thereof containing Fluorite slag

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2007509022A (en) * 2004-11-04 2007-04-12 エルジー・ケム・リミテッド Ultralight ceramic panel and manufacturing method thereof
CN101891434A (en) * 2010-07-23 2010-11-24 广州绿由工业弃置废物回收处理有限公司 Aerated concrete regenerative building block produced by using garbage clinkers and manufacturing method thereof
CN102617076A (en) * 2012-03-26 2012-08-01 鞍山全益居环保建材有限公司 Unsteamed concrete air-filled insulating brick produced from building waste, and production method thereof

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2007509022A (en) * 2004-11-04 2007-04-12 エルジー・ケム・リミテッド Ultralight ceramic panel and manufacturing method thereof
CN101891434A (en) * 2010-07-23 2010-11-24 广州绿由工业弃置废物回收处理有限公司 Aerated concrete regenerative building block produced by using garbage clinkers and manufacturing method thereof
CN102617076A (en) * 2012-03-26 2012-08-01 鞍山全益居环保建材有限公司 Unsteamed concrete air-filled insulating brick produced from building waste, and production method thereof

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Effective date of registration: 20210927

Address after: 221722 A-10, e-commerce Industrial Park, Shouxian Town, Feng County, Xuzhou City, Jiangsu Province

Patentee after: Xuzhou Huanyuan Engineering Equipment Co., Ltd

Address before: 243100 No.3 Changshan Road, Gushu Industrial Park, Dangtu County, Ma'anshan City, Anhui Province

Patentee before: MAANSHAN BAOLONG NEW BUILDING MATERIALS Co.,Ltd.

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