CN103769823A - Automatic PXE piston production line - Google Patents

Automatic PXE piston production line Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103769823A
CN103769823A CN201310374290.1A CN201310374290A CN103769823A CN 103769823 A CN103769823 A CN 103769823A CN 201310374290 A CN201310374290 A CN 201310374290A CN 103769823 A CN103769823 A CN 103769823A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cylinder
slide
piston
pxe
oscillating
Prior art date
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Granted
Application number
CN201310374290.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103769823B (en
Inventor
杨敏
姚富强
姚汉忠
陆志强
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YIFENG MACHINERY PLANT TONGXIANG CITY
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YIFENG MACHINERY PLANT TONGXIANG CITY
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Priority to CN201310374290.1A priority Critical patent/CN103769823B/en
Publication of CN103769823A publication Critical patent/CN103769823A/en
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Publication of CN103769823B publication Critical patent/CN103769823B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q7/00Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting
    • B23Q7/14Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting co-ordinated in production lines
    • B23Q7/1426Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting co-ordinated in production lines with work holders not rigidly fixed to the transport devices
    • B23Q7/1494Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting co-ordinated in production lines with work holders not rigidly fixed to the transport devices using grippers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q17/00Arrangements for observing, indicating or measuring on machine tools
    • B23Q17/20Arrangements for observing, indicating or measuring on machine tools for indicating or measuring workpiece characteristics, e.g. contour, dimension, hardness

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of machining equipment, and particularly discloses an automatic PXE piston production line which is high in production efficiency and good in machining precision. The automatic PXE piston production line comprises machine tools and a gate-type transmission mechanism. A gate-type mechanical arm is arranged on the gate-type transmission mechanism, the two machine tools are arranged on the lower portion of the gate-type transmission mechanism at intervals, one end of the gate-type transmission mechanism is provided with a double-machine-material library, and the front faces of the machine tools are provided with multifunctional machine frames. Each multifunctional machine frame is provided with a single-machine-material library and a mechanical arm transmission mechanism, each mechanical transmission mechanism is provided with a PXE piston mechanical arm jig, and a main shaft inside each machine tool is provided with a PXE piston machining jig. According to the automatic PXE piston production line, pistons can be automatically fed, clamped and discharged through the mechanical arms, the automation effect is good, the machining efficiency can be improved, the investment on workers is reduced, production cost is lowered, and the machining precision of the pistons can be guaranteed through an automatic PXE piston measuring instrument which is used for measuring the ball vertex distance and the assembly of the pistons.

Description

PXE piston automatic assembly line
Technical field
The present invention relates to machining equipment field, especially a kind of PXE piston automatic assembly line.
Background technology
In existing PXE Piston Machining production process, for putting into blank piston and the piston after processing is taken out in material storehouse, realize by manual operation simultaneously, and in Some Enterprises, the step that clamping is produced on lathe will manually change Robot actions into, this needs one to two operating personnel of every lathe configuration equally, labor intensity is large, and production efficiency is low, machining accuracy is relatively low, also needs in addition to configure employee and carries out the detection of piston, and be to pass through manual inspection, accuracy of detection is poor, and piston quality cannot guarantee.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is the deficiency in order to solve above-mentioned technology and provide a kind of production efficiency high, the PXE piston automatic assembly line of good processing accuracy.
In order to achieve the above object, the PXE piston automatic assembly line that the present invention is designed, it comprises lathe and gate-type transmission mechanism, on gate-type transmission mechanism, be provided with gate-type manipulator, be interval with two lathes in the bottom of gate-type transmission mechanism, be provided with two-shipper material storehouse in one end of gate-type transmission mechanism, be provided with multi-functional frame in the front of lathe, in multi-functional frame, be provided with unit material storehouse and manipulator transmission mechanism, in manipulator transmission mechanism, be provided with PXE piston machine hand fixture, be provided with PXE Piston Machining fixture at the main shaft place of lathe inside.
The structure of described gate-type transmission mechanism is: it comprises column and crossbeam, be provided with mount pad a column bottom, front at the crossbeam of frame is provided with a parallel slide rail, be provided with location case at crossbeam two ends, in on the case of location, be provided with rotating shaft, in two rotating shafts, be provided with driving belt, tensioning between driving belt and rotating shaft, in a location case, be provided with motor therein, between motor and the rotating shaft of homonymy, be in transmission connection, on driving belt, be provided with manipulator connection bit, be connected with soft plastic pipe in one end of crossbeam, the length of soft plastic pipe is consistent with the length of crossbeam, by the drive of driving belt, can realize the side-to-side movement of gate-type manipulator, and can in travel range, freely stop, easy to use.
The structure of described gate-type manipulator is: it comprises pedestal No. four, the back side of No. four pedestals is provided with the shifting sledge of two horizontal parallel, the back side at No. four pedestals is provided with connection bracket, be provided with horizontal slide rail No. one in No. four pedestal fronts, No. one horizontal slide rail is vertical with No. four pedestals, on a horizontal slide rail, be provided with No. one slide block, on a slide block, be provided with No. one upright slide rail, be provided with No. four oscillating cylinder in the lower end of a upright slide rail, movable end at No. four oscillating cylinders is provided with Connection Block, on Connection Block, be provided with oscillating cylinder No. five, on No. five oscillating cylinders, be provided with fixture mount pad, fixture mount pad is provided with multiple gas pawls, gas pawl is arranged in line, on gas pawl, be provided with two grip blocks that cooperatively interact, two grip block fixed pistons, in a horizontal slide rail, be provided with No. three screw mandrel, on No. three screw mandrels, be arranged with nut, nut and a slide block are fixed, be provided with motor No. three screw mandrel one end, motor is connected with No. three screw rod transmissions, top at a slide block is provided with motor, the rotating shaft of motor is provided with gear No. one, on a upright slide rail, be provided with No. one tooth bar, the cooperatively interact amplitude of fluctuation of No. four oscillating cylinders of gear and tooth bar is 90 degree, the amplitude of fluctuation of No. five oscillating cylinders is 180 degree, it can three directions in space move, realize the rotation of manipulator and stir by oscillating cylinder simultaneously, the setting of multiple gas pawls simultaneously, can once clamp multiple pistons, increase work efficiency.
The structure in described two-shipper material storehouse is: it comprises support, be provided with electric equipment install bin in the lower end of support, top at electric equipment install bin is provided with control system, be provided with one group of No. two parallel slide rail on the top of support, on No. two slide rails, coordinate and be provided with plane slide plate, on plane slide plate, be provided with parallels, Turnover Box is set on parallels, on support, be provided with PXE piston automatic measuring instrument installation position, PXE piston automatic measuring instrument is installed on PXE piston automatic measuring instrument installation position, described parallels is Height Adjustable device, the parallels adopting is Height Adjustable device, can regulate height according to the PXE piston of different model, make PXE piston in unified height, facilitate manipulator clamping,
The structure of described PXE piston automatic measuring instrument is: it comprises base plate, be provided with No. two upright slide rail in the centre position of base plate, be provided with No. two horizontal slide rail in the centre position of base plate, No. two horizontal slide rail is positioned at upright slide rail one side No. two, on No. two horizontal slide rails, be provided with piston measuring seat, the inside of piston measuring seat is hollow structure, and the center of bottom is provided with through hole, the diameter of through hole is less than the diameter of hollow structure, on base plate, be provided with horizontal air cylinder, horizontal air cylinder is connected with piston measuring seat, be provided with No. two in the centre position of base plate and measure plate, No. two measurement plates are positioned at the top of piston measuring seat, be provided with No. one pedestal at the top of base plate, on a pedestal, be provided with straight down No. one cylinder, No. one cylinder is connected with a contiguous block, a contiguous block is provided with No. one and measures plate, measure plate for No. one and be positioned at measurement plate top No. two, on a pedestal, be provided with No. one amesdial, the thimble of an amesdial contacts with a connecting plate, measure plate No. one, measure the front end of plate and the ball of piston for No. two and push up inner cooperation, be provided with No. three pedestal in the bottom of base plate, on No. three pedestals, be provided with straight up No. three cylinder, No. three cylinder is connected with No. three contiguous blocks, No. three contiguous blocks are provided with No. three and measure plate, No. three measurement plates are positioned at the below of piston measuring seat, and No. three measurement front edge of board are provided with the cylindrical protrusions coordinating with the through hole of piston measuring seat, be provided with No. two amesdial mount pad in the centre position of base plate, be provided with straight down No. two amesdial on No. two amesdial mount pads, the thimble of No. two amesdials contacts with No. three contiguous blocks, a described contiguous block, a measurement plate, No. three contiguous blocks and No. three measurement plates are all arranged on No. two upright slide rails, by the setting of two amesdials, can realize ball apex distance and the assembly of disposable measurement piston, simple in structure, easy to use, improved greatly operating efficiency, and certainty of measurement is high, can guarantees the quality of piston.
The structure of described multi-functional frame is: it comprises executive system install bin, a side indent of the upper end of executive system install bin forms step, the horizontal plane of step is installation position, unit material storehouse, vertically be provided with manipulator installed surface with the edge of the side of the executive system install bin of installation position, unit material storehouse homonymy, top at executive system install bin is provided with workbench, on workbench, be provided with control system mounting bracket, be provided with horizontal support bar in the bottom outermost end of the side of manipulator installed surface and coupled executive system install bin.
The structure of described manipulator transmission mechanism is: it comprises slide rail No. three, on No. three slide rails, be provided with No. five pedestal, No. five pedestals and No. three slide rails are connected, on No. five pedestals, level is provided with screw mandrel No. one, on a screw mandrel, be arranged with No. one nut, No. one nut is fixedly connected with No. three slide rails, between a nut and No. three slide rails, be provided with anticollision mechanism, one end of a screw mandrel is connected with motor, on No. five pedestals, be provided with No. two column, No. two column is vertical with No. three slide rails, be provided with No. two column inside No. two screw mandrels and No. two nuts that cooperatively interact, one end at No. two screw mandrels is provided with motor, on No. two nuts, be provided with No. two tooth bar, on No. two columns, be provided with the rotary column vertical with No. two columns, and one end of rotary column is provided with No. two gears that coordinate with No. two tooth bars, be fixed with telescopic arm base at the other end of rotary column, on telescopic arm base, be provided with telescopic arm, between telescopic arm and telescopic arm base, be slidably connected, on telescopic arm base, be provided with screw mandrel No. three, on No. three screw mandrels, be arranged with No. three nuts that are fixedly connected with telescopic arm, No. three screw mandrel is connected with the motor being fixed on telescopic arm base, can realize the upper and lower of manipulator, move left and right, simultaneously all right swing, can reduce the movement travel of manipulator, increase work efficiency.
The structure of described anticollision mechanism is: it comprises nut holder, nut holder top is semicircle concave inward structure, on nut holder, establish horizontal polished rod hole, in polished rod hole, be provided with polished rod, polished rod two ends are all connected with polish rod fixing seat, be provided with induction projection at the side of nut holder, two ends at induction projection are provided with inductor, inductor is fixed on induction mount pad, two ends in the bottom of nut holder are provided with convex shoulder, on each convex shoulder, be provided with two through holes, the position of the through hole on two convex shoulders is corresponding, in through hole, be provided with two spring conductor rods, between spring conductor rod and polish rod fixing seat, be connected one to one, on the spring conductor rod between two convex shoulders, be arranged with spring, spring one end contacts with the convex shoulder of polish rod fixing seat link with close this spring conductor rod, on the spring conductor rod of spring other end port, be arranged with spring adjusting nut, on the spring conductor rod of the other end with respect to spring position, be arranged with stop nut, and stop nut is between the convex shoulder and spring adjusting nut of this side, realize manipulator transmission mechanism in bumping, can cut off immediately by sensor the power supply of motor, avoid the seriousness of collision.
The structure of described PXE piston machine hand fixture is: it comprises pedestal No. six, on No. six pedestals, be provided with No. one oscillating cylinder, be provided with Connection Block No. one at the movable end of an oscillating cylinder, on a Connection Block, be provided with No. two oscillating cylinder, be provided with Connection Block No. two at the movable end of No. two oscillating cylinders, on No. two Connection Blocks, be provided with No. three oscillating cylinder, be connected with fixture mount pad at the movable end of No. three oscillating cylinders, be provided with gas pawl at the two ends of fixture mount pad, on gas pawl, be provided with two grip blocks that cooperatively interact, two grip block fixed pistons, No. one oscillating cylinder is vertical with No. two oscillating cylinders, No. two oscillating cylinder is vertical with No. three oscillating cylinders, the amplitude of fluctuation of an oscillating cylinder and No. three oscillating cylinders is 180 degree, the amplitude of fluctuation of No. two oscillating cylinders is 90 degree, gas pawl is parallel with No. three cylinders, realize upset and the swing of manipulator, the setting of two gas pawls simultaneously, can in manipulator gripping blank piston, the piston of finished product be put into unit material storehouse, simple in structure, easy to use, can effectively enhance productivity.
The structure of described PXE Piston Machining fixture is: it comprises pedestal No. seven, No. seven pedestal is fixed on lathe, be provided with hydraulic cylinder Connection Block at the center of No. seven pedestals, hydraulic cylinder Connection Block is connected with the hydraulic cylinder on lathe, the front end of hydraulic cylinder Connection Block is fixed with briquetting by screw, hydraulic cylinder Connection Block and briquetting can be with respect to sliding before and after No. seven pedestals, be provided with locating piece at No. seven pedestal front ends, locating piece is relative with briquetting position, and locating piece and briquetting inside are provided with the semicircular structure cooperatively interacting, bottom at locating piece is provided with backing, backing is positioned at the lower end of semicircular structure, in No. seven pedestals of the upper end with respect to backing, be provided with cylinder connecting hole, the internal communication of the hollow slide bar of cylinder connecting hole and horizontally set, on hollow slide bar, be arranged with slide block No. two, between No. two slide blocks and the top of hollow slide bar, form atmospheric pressure cavity, on the hollow slide bar at atmospheric pressure cavity place, be provided with through hole, on No. two slide blocks, be fixed with push rod, push rod is connected with compact heap after stretching out No. seven pedestals, on the hollow slide bar between No. two slide blocks and cylinder connecting hole, be arranged with stage clip, described hollow slide bar and push rod are all downward-sloping, can realize the horizontal direction of piston and the location of vertical direction, positioning precision is high, and long service life,
The PXE piston automatic assembly line that the present invention obtains, by gate-type manipulator, realize carrying out the conversion between piston finished product and blank between the Turnover Box on two lathes and unit material storehouse, simultaneously by the cooperation of manipulator transmission mechanism and PXE piston machine hand fixture, realize to piston the clamping on lathe and taking off, automation is effective, can improve working (machining) efficiency, reduce employee's input, reduce production costs, and can measure ball apex distance and the assembly of piston by PXE piston automatic measuring instrument, can guarantee the machining accuracy of piston.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of gate-type transmission mechanism of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the local enlarged diagram of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the left side oblique view of gate-type manipulator of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the right side oblique view of gate-type manipulator of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation in two-shipper material of the present invention storehouse;
Fig. 7 is the structural front view of PXE piston automatic measuring instrument of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the side view of PXE piston automatic measuring instrument of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of multi-functional frame of the present invention;
Figure 10 is the right side view of manipulator transmission mechanism of the present invention;
Figure 11 is the left side view of manipulator transmission mechanism of the present invention;
Figure 12 is the structural representation of anticollision mechanism of the present invention;
Figure 13 is the structural representation of PXE piston machine hand fixture of the present invention;
Figure 14 is the structural representation of PXE Piston Machining fixture of the present invention;
Figure 15 is the cutaway view of PXE Piston Machining fixture of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
Below by embodiment, the invention will be further described by reference to the accompanying drawings.
Embodiment 1:
As shown in Figure 1, the PXE piston automatic assembly line that the present embodiment is described, it comprises gate-type transmission mechanism 2, on gate-type transmission mechanism 2, be provided with gate-type manipulator 3, be interval with two lathes 1 in the bottom of gate-type transmission mechanism 2, be provided with two-shipper material storehouse 4 in one end of gate-type transmission mechanism 2, be provided with multi-functional frame 5 in the front of lathe 1, in multi-functional frame 1, be provided with unit material storehouse 10 and manipulator transmission mechanism 7, in manipulator transmission mechanism 7, be provided with PXE piston machine hand fixture 8, be provided with PXE Piston Machining fixture 6 at the main shaft place of lathe 1 inside, as Fig. 2, shown in Fig. 3, the structure of described gate-type transmission mechanism is: it comprises column 21 and crossbeam 22, be provided with mount pad 24 column 21 bottoms, front at the crossbeam of frame 21 is provided with a parallel slide rail 23, be provided with location case 25 at crossbeam 22 two ends, in on the case 25 of location, be provided with rotating shaft 26, in two rotating shafts 26, be provided with driving belt 27, tensioning between driving belt 27 and rotating shaft 26, in a location case 25, be provided with motor 28 therein, between the rotating shaft 26 of motor 28 and homonymy, be in transmission connection, on driving belt 27, be provided with manipulator connection bit, be connected with soft plastic pipe 29 in one end of crossbeam 22, the length of soft plastic pipe 29 is consistent with the length of crossbeam 22, as Fig. 4, shown in Fig. 5, the structure of described gate-type manipulator is: it comprises pedestal 31 No. four, the back side of No. four pedestals 31 is provided with the shifting sledge 32 of two horizontal parallel, be provided with connection bracket 33 at the back side of No. four pedestals 31, be provided with horizontal slide rail 34 No. one in No. four pedestal 31 fronts, No. one horizontal slide rail 34 is vertical with No. four pedestals 31, on a horizontal slide rail 34, be provided with No. one slide block 35, on a slide block 35, be provided with No. one upright slide rail 36, be provided with No. four oscillating cylinder 37 in the lower end of a upright slide rail 36, be provided with Connection Block 38 at the movable end of No. four oscillating cylinders 37, on Connection Block 38, be provided with oscillating cylinder 39 No. five, on No. five oscillating cylinders 39, be provided with fixture mount pad 12, fixture mount pad 12 is provided with multiple gas pawls 13, gas pawl 13 is arranged in line, on gas pawl 13, be provided with two grip blocks that cooperatively interact 14, two grip block 14 fixed pistons, in a horizontal slide rail 34, be provided with No. three screw mandrel 313, on No. three screw mandrels 313, be arranged with nut 314, nut 314 and a slide block 35 are fixing, be provided with motor 15 No. three screw mandrel 313 one end, motor 15 and No. three screw mandrels 313 are in transmission connection, be provided with motor 15 at the top of a slide block 35, the rotating shaft of motor 15 is provided with gear 318 No. one, on a upright slide rail 36, be provided with No. one tooth bar 317, a gear 318 and a tooth bar 317 cooperatively interact, the amplitude of fluctuation of No. four oscillating cylinders 37 is 90 degree, the amplitude of fluctuation of No. five oscillating cylinders 39 is 180 degree, as shown in Figure 6, the structure in described two-shipper material storehouse is: it comprises support 41, is provided with electric equipment install bin 42 in the lower end of support 41, is provided with control system 43 at the top of electric equipment install bin 42,Be provided with one group of No. two parallel slide rail 44 at the top of support 41, on No. two slide rails 44, coordinate and be provided with plane slide plate 45, on plane slide plate 45, be provided with parallels 46, Turnover Box 47 is set on parallels 46, on support 41, be provided with PXE piston automatic measuring instrument installation position 48, PXE piston automatic measuring instrument 9 is installed on PXE piston automatic measuring instrument installation position 48, and parallels 46 is Height Adjustable device, as Fig. 7, shown in Fig. 8, the structure of described PXE piston automatic measuring instrument is: it comprises base plate 91, be provided with No. two upright slide rail 92 in the centre position of base plate 91, be provided with No. two horizontal slide rail 93 in the centre position of base plate 91, No. two horizontal slide rail 93 is positioned at upright slide rail 92 1 sides No. two, on No. two horizontal slide rails 93, be provided with piston measuring seat 94, the inside of piston measuring seat 94 is hollow structure, and the center of bottom is provided with through hole, the diameter of through hole is less than the diameter of hollow structure, on base plate 91, be provided with horizontal air cylinder 95, horizontal air cylinder 95 is connected 94 with piston measuring seat, be provided with No. two in the centre position of base plate 91 and measure plate 96, No. two measurement plates 96 are positioned at the top of piston measuring seat 94, be provided with No. one pedestal 97 at the top of base plate 91, on a pedestal 97, be provided with straight down No. one cylinder 98, No. one cylinder 98 is connected with a contiguous block 99, a contiguous block 99 is provided with No. one and measures plate 910, measure plate 910 for No. one and be positioned at measurement plate 96 tops No. two, on a pedestal 97, be provided with No. one amesdial 911, the thimble of an amesdial 911 contacts with a connecting plate 99, measure plate 96 No. one, measure the front end of plate 910 and the ball of piston for No. two and push up inner cooperation, be provided with No. three pedestal 912 in the bottom of base plate 91, on No. three pedestals 912, be provided with straight up No. three cylinder 913, No. three cylinder 913 is connected with No. three contiguous blocks 914, No. three contiguous blocks 914 are provided with No. three and measure plate 915, No. three measurement plates 915 are positioned at the below of piston measuring seat 94, and No. three measurement plate 915 front ends are provided with the cylindrical protrusions coordinating with the through hole of piston measuring seat 94, be provided with No. two amesdial mount pad 916 in the centre position of base plate 91, the thimble that is provided with straight down 917, No. two amesdials 917 of No. two amesdials on No. two amesdial mount pads 916 contacts with No. three contiguous blocks 914, a described contiguous block 99, measure plate 910, No. three contiguous blocks 914 for No. one and measure plates 915 for No. three and be all arranged on No. two upright slide rails 92, as shown in Figure 9, the structure of described multi-functional frame is: it comprises executive system install bin 51, a side indent of the upper end of executive system install bin 51 forms step 52, the horizontal plane of step 52 is installation position, unit material storehouse 56, vertically be provided with manipulator installed surface 53 with the edge of the side of the executive system install bin 51 of installation position, unit material storehouse 56 homonymies, be provided with workbench 57 at the top of executive system install bin 51, on workbench 57, be provided with control system mounting bracket 54, bottom outermost end in the side of manipulator installed surface 53 and coupled executive system install bin 51 is provided with horizontal support bar 55,As Figure 10, shown in Figure 11, the structure of described manipulator transmission mechanism is: it comprises slide rail 71 No. three, on No. three slide rails 71, be provided with No. five pedestal 72, No. five pedestals 72 and No. three slide rails 71 are connected, on No. five pedestals 72, level is provided with screw mandrel 73 No. one, on a screw mandrel 73, be arranged with No. one nut 74, No. one nut 74 is fixedly connected with No. three slide rails 71, between a nut 74 and No. three slide rails 71, be provided with anticollision mechanism 11, one end of a screw mandrel 73 is connected with motor 15, on No. five pedestals 72, be provided with No. two column 76, No. two column 76 is vertical with No. three slide rails 71, be provided with No. two column 76 inside No. two screw mandrels 77 and No. two nuts 78 that cooperatively interact, be provided with motor 15 in one end of No. two screw mandrels 78, on No. two nuts 78, be provided with No. two tooth bar 710, on No. two columns 76, be provided with the rotary column 79 vertical with No. two columns 76, and one end of rotary column 79 is provided with No. two gears 711 that coordinate with No. two tooth bars 710, be fixed with telescopic arm base 713 at the other end of rotary column 79, on telescopic arm base 713, be provided with telescopic arm 714, between telescopic arm 714 and telescopic arm base 713, be slidably connected, on telescopic arm base 713, be provided with screw mandrel 716 No. three, on No. three screw mandrels 716, be arranged with No. three nuts that are fixedly connected with telescopic arm 714, No. three screw mandrel 716 is connected with the motor 15 being fixed on telescopic arm base 713, as shown in figure 12, the structure of described anticollision mechanism is: it comprises nut holder 111, nut holder 111 tops are semicircle concave inward structure, on nut holder 111, establish horizontal polished rod hole 112, in polished rod hole 112, be provided with polished rod 113, polished rod 113 two ends are all connected with polish rod fixing seat 114, be provided with induction projection 115 at the side of nut holder 111, two ends at induction projection 115 are provided with inductor 117, inductor 117 is fixed on induction mount pad 116, be provided with convex shoulder 118 at the two ends of the bottom of nut holder 111, on each convex shoulder 118, be provided with two through holes, the position of the through hole on two convex shoulders 118 is corresponding, in through hole, be provided with two spring conductor rods 119, between spring conductor rod 119 and polish rod fixing seat 114, be connected one to one, on the spring conductor rod 119 between two convex shoulders 118, be arranged with spring 1110, spring 1110 one end contact with the convex shoulder 118 of polish rod fixing seat 114 links with close this spring conductor rod 119, on the spring conductor rod 119 of spring 1110 other end ports, be arranged with spring adjusting nut 1111, on the spring conductor rod 119 of the other end with respect to spring 1110 positions, be arranged with stop nut 1112, and stop nut 1112 is between the convex shoulder 118 and spring adjusting nut 1111 of this side, as shown in figure 13, the structure of described PXE piston machine hand fixture is: it comprises pedestal 81 No. six, is provided with No. one oscillating cylinder 82 on No. six pedestals 81, is provided with Connection Block 83 No. one at the movable end of an oscillating cylinder 82,On a Connection Block 83, be provided with No. two oscillating cylinder 84, be provided with Connection Block 85 No. two at the movable end of No. two oscillating cylinders 84, on No. two Connection Blocks 85, be provided with No. three oscillating cylinder 86, be connected with fixture mount pad 12 at the movable end of No. three oscillating cylinders 86, be provided with gas pawl 13 at the two ends of fixture mount pad 12, on gas pawl 13, be provided with two grip blocks that cooperatively interact 14, two grip block 14 fixed pistons, No. one oscillating cylinder 82 is vertical with No. two oscillating cylinders 84, No. two oscillating cylinder 84 is vertical with No. three oscillating cylinders 85, the amplitude of fluctuation of an oscillating cylinder 82 and No. three oscillating cylinders 86 is 180 degree, the amplitude of fluctuation of No. two oscillating cylinders 84 is 90 degree, gas pawl 13 is parallel with No. three oscillating cylinders 86, as Figure 14, shown in Figure 15, the structure of described PXE Piston Machining fixture is: it comprises pedestal 61 No. seven, No. seven pedestal 61 is fixed on lathe, be provided with hydraulic cylinder Connection Block 62 at No. seven pedestal 61 centers, hydraulic cylinder Connection Block 62 is connected with the hydraulic cylinder on lathe, the front end of hydraulic cylinder Connection Block 62 is fixed with briquetting 63 by screw, hydraulic cylinder Connection Block 62 and briquetting 63 can slide with respect to No. seven pedestal 61 front and back, be provided with locating piece 64 at No. seven pedestal 61 front ends, locating piece 64 is relative with briquetting 63 positions, and locating piece 64 is provided with briquetting 63 inside the semicircular structure cooperatively interacting, be provided with backing 65 in the bottom of locating piece 64, backing 65 is positioned at the lower end of semicircular structure, in No. seven pedestals 61 of the upper end with respect to backing 65, be provided with cylinder connecting hole 66, the internal communication of the hollow slide bar 67 of cylinder connecting hole 66 and horizontally set, on hollow slide bar 67, be arranged with No. two slide block 68, between No. two slide blocks 68 and the top of hollow slide bar 67, form atmospheric pressure cavity 69, on the hollow slide bar 67 at atmospheric pressure cavity place, be provided with through hole, on No. two slide blocks 68, be fixed with push rod 612, push rod 612 is connected with compact heap 613 after stretching out No. seven pedestals 61, on the hollow slide bar 67 between No. two slide blocks 68 and cylinder connecting hole 66, be arranged with stage clip 611, described hollow slide bar 67 and push rod 612 are all downward-sloping.

Claims (10)

1. a PXE piston automatic assembly line, it comprises lathe, it is characterized in that: it comprises gate-type transmission mechanism, on gate-type transmission mechanism, be provided with gate-type manipulator, be interval with two lathes in the bottom of gate-type transmission mechanism, be provided with two-shipper material storehouse in one end of gate-type transmission mechanism, be provided with multi-functional frame in the front of lathe, in multi-functional frame, be provided with unit material storehouse and manipulator transmission mechanism, in manipulator transmission mechanism, be provided with PXE piston machine hand fixture, be provided with PXE Piston Machining fixture at the main shaft place of lathe inside.
2. a kind of PXE piston automatic assembly line according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the structure of described gate-type transmission mechanism is: it comprises column and crossbeam, be provided with mount pad a column bottom, front at the crossbeam of frame is provided with a parallel slide rail, be provided with location case at crossbeam two ends, in on the case of location, be provided with rotating shaft, in two rotating shafts, be provided with driving belt, tensioning between driving belt and rotating shaft, in a location case, be provided with motor therein, between motor and the rotating shaft of homonymy, be in transmission connection, on driving belt, be provided with manipulator connection bit, be connected with soft plastic pipe in one end of crossbeam, the length of soft plastic pipe is consistent with the length of crossbeam.
3. a kind of PXE piston automatic assembly line according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the structure of described gate-type manipulator is: it comprises pedestal No. four, the back side of No. four pedestals is provided with the shifting sledge of two horizontal parallel, the back side at No. four pedestals is provided with connection bracket, be provided with horizontal slide rail No. one in No. four pedestal fronts, No. one horizontal slide rail is vertical with No. four pedestals, on a horizontal slide rail, be provided with No. one slide block, on a slide block, be provided with No. one upright slide rail, be provided with No. four oscillating cylinder in the lower end of a upright slide rail, movable end at No. four oscillating cylinders is provided with Connection Block, on Connection Block, be provided with oscillating cylinder No. five, on No. five oscillating cylinders, be provided with fixture mount pad, fixture mount pad is provided with multiple gas pawls, gas pawl is arranged in line, on gas pawl, be provided with two grip blocks that cooperatively interact, two grip block fixed pistons, in a horizontal slide rail, be provided with No. three screw mandrel, on No. three screw mandrels, be arranged with nut, nut and a slide block are fixed, be provided with motor No. three screw mandrel one end, motor is connected with No. three screw rod transmissions, top at a slide block is provided with motor, the rotating shaft of motor is provided with gear No. one, on a upright slide rail, be provided with No. one tooth bar, the cooperatively interact amplitude of fluctuation of No. four oscillating cylinders of gear and tooth bar is 90 degree, the amplitude of fluctuation of No. five oscillating cylinders is 180 degree.
4. a kind of PXE piston automatic assembly line according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the structure in described two-shipper material storehouse is: it comprises support, be provided with electric equipment install bin in the lower end of support, top at electric equipment install bin is provided with control system, be provided with one group of No. two parallel slide rail on the top of support, on No. two slide rails, coordinate and be provided with plane slide plate, on plane slide plate, be provided with parallels, Turnover Box is set on parallels, on support, be provided with PXE piston automatic measuring instrument installation position, PXE piston automatic measuring instrument is installed on PXE piston automatic measuring instrument installation position, described parallels is Height Adjustable device.
5. a kind of PXE piston automatic assembly line according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: the structure of described PXE piston automatic measuring instrument is: it comprises base plate, be provided with No. two upright slide rail in the centre position of base plate, be provided with No. two horizontal slide rail in the centre position of base plate, No. two horizontal slide rail is positioned at upright slide rail one side No. two, on No. two horizontal slide rails, be provided with piston measuring seat, the inside of piston measuring seat is hollow structure, and the center of bottom is provided with through hole, the diameter of through hole is less than the diameter of hollow structure, on base plate, be provided with horizontal air cylinder, horizontal air cylinder is connected with piston measuring seat, be provided with No. two in the centre position of base plate and measure plate, No. two measurement plates are positioned at the top of piston measuring seat, be provided with No. one pedestal at the top of base plate, on a pedestal, be provided with straight down No. one cylinder, No. one cylinder is connected with a contiguous block, a contiguous block is provided with No. one and measures plate, measure plate for No. one and be positioned at measurement plate top No. two, on a pedestal, be provided with No. one amesdial, the thimble of an amesdial contacts with a connecting plate, measure plate No. one, measure the front end of plate and the ball of piston for No. two and push up inner cooperation, be provided with No. three pedestal in the bottom of base plate, on No. three pedestals, be provided with straight up No. three cylinder, No. three cylinder is connected with No. three contiguous blocks, No. three contiguous blocks are provided with No. three and measure plate, No. three measurement plates are positioned at the below of piston measuring seat, and No. three measurement front edge of board are provided with the cylindrical protrusions coordinating with the through hole of piston measuring seat, be provided with No. two amesdial mount pad in the centre position of base plate, be provided with straight down No. two amesdial on No. two amesdial mount pads, the thimble of No. two amesdials contacts with No. three contiguous blocks, a described contiguous block, a measurement plate, No. three contiguous blocks and No. three measurement plates are all arranged on No. two upright slide rails.
6. a kind of PXE piston automatic assembly line according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the structure of described multi-functional frame is: it comprises executive system install bin, a side indent of the upper end of executive system install bin forms step, the horizontal plane of step is installation position, unit material storehouse, vertically be provided with manipulator installed surface with the edge of the side of the executive system install bin of installation position, unit material storehouse homonymy, top at executive system install bin is provided with workbench, on workbench, be provided with control system mounting bracket, bottom outermost end in the side of manipulator installed surface and coupled executive system install bin is provided with horizontal support bar.
7. a kind of PXE piston automatic assembly line according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the structure of described manipulator transmission mechanism is: it comprises slide rail No. three, on No. three slide rails, be provided with No. five pedestal, No. five pedestals and No. three slide rails are connected, on No. five pedestals, level is provided with screw mandrel No. one, on a screw mandrel, be arranged with No. one nut, No. one nut is fixedly connected with No. three slide rails, between a nut and No. three slide rails, be provided with anticollision mechanism, one end of a screw mandrel is connected with motor, on No. five pedestals, be provided with No. two column, No. two column is vertical with No. three slide rails, be provided with No. two column inside No. two screw mandrels and No. two nuts that cooperatively interact, one end at No. two screw mandrels is provided with motor, on No. two nuts, be provided with No. two tooth bar, on No. two columns, be provided with the rotary column vertical with No. two columns, and one end of rotary column is provided with No. two gears that coordinate with No. two tooth bars, be fixed with telescopic arm base at the other end of rotary column, on telescopic arm base, be provided with telescopic arm, between telescopic arm and telescopic arm base, be slidably connected, on telescopic arm base, be provided with screw mandrel No. three, on No. three screw mandrels, be arranged with No. three nuts that are fixedly connected with telescopic arm, No. three screw mandrel is connected with the motor being fixed on telescopic arm base.
8. a kind of PXE piston automatic assembly line according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: the structure of described anticollision mechanism is: it comprises nut holder, nut holder top is semicircle concave inward structure, on nut holder, establish horizontal polished rod hole, in polished rod hole, be provided with polished rod, polished rod two ends are all connected with polish rod fixing seat, be provided with induction projection at the side of nut holder, two ends at induction projection are provided with inductor, inductor is fixed on induction mount pad, two ends in the bottom of nut holder are provided with convex shoulder, on each convex shoulder, be provided with two through holes, the position of the through hole on two convex shoulders is corresponding, in through hole, be provided with two spring conductor rods, between spring conductor rod and polish rod fixing seat, be connected one to one, on the spring conductor rod between two convex shoulders, be arranged with spring, spring one end contacts with the convex shoulder of polish rod fixing seat link with close this spring conductor rod, on the spring conductor rod of spring other end port, be arranged with spring adjusting nut, on the spring conductor rod of the other end with respect to spring position, be arranged with stop nut, and stop nut is between the convex shoulder and spring adjusting nut of this side.
9. a kind of PXE piston automatic assembly line according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the structure of described PXE piston machine hand fixture is: it comprises pedestal No. six, on No. six pedestals, be provided with No. one oscillating cylinder, be provided with Connection Block No. one at the movable end of an oscillating cylinder, on a Connection Block, be provided with No. two oscillating cylinder, be provided with Connection Block No. two at the movable end of No. two oscillating cylinders, on No. two Connection Blocks, be provided with No. three oscillating cylinder, be connected with fixture mount pad at the movable end of No. three oscillating cylinders, be provided with gas pawl at the two ends of fixture mount pad, on gas pawl, be provided with two grip blocks that cooperatively interact, two grip block fixed pistons, No. one oscillating cylinder is vertical with No. two oscillating cylinders, No. two oscillating cylinder is vertical with No. three oscillating cylinders, the amplitude of fluctuation of an oscillating cylinder and No. three oscillating cylinders is 180 degree, the amplitude of fluctuation of No. two oscillating cylinders is 90 degree, gas pawl is parallel with No. three cylinders.
10. a kind of PXE piston automatic assembly line according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the structure of described PXE Piston Machining fixture is: it comprises pedestal No. seven, No. seven pedestal is fixed on lathe, be provided with hydraulic cylinder Connection Block at the center of No. seven pedestals, hydraulic cylinder Connection Block is connected with the hydraulic cylinder on lathe, the front end of hydraulic cylinder Connection Block is fixed with briquetting by screw, hydraulic cylinder Connection Block and briquetting can be with respect to sliding before and after No. seven pedestals, be provided with locating piece at No. seven pedestal front ends, locating piece is relative with briquetting position, and locating piece and briquetting inside are provided with the semicircular structure cooperatively interacting, bottom at locating piece is provided with backing, backing is positioned at the lower end of semicircular structure, in No. seven pedestals of the upper end with respect to backing, be provided with cylinder connecting hole, the internal communication of the hollow slide bar of cylinder connecting hole and horizontally set, on hollow slide bar, be arranged with slide block No. two, between No. two slide blocks and the top of hollow slide bar, form atmospheric pressure cavity, on the hollow slide bar at atmospheric pressure cavity place, be provided with through hole, on No. two slide blocks, be fixed with push rod, push rod is connected with compact heap after stretching out No. seven pedestals, on the hollow slide bar between No. two slide blocks and cylinder connecting hole, be arranged with stage clip, described hollow slide bar and push rod are all downward-sloping.
CN201310374290.1A 2013-08-24 2013-08-24 PXE piston automatic assembly line Active CN103769823B (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104001674A (en) * 2014-05-23 2014-08-27 浙江易锋机械有限公司 Detection grading device of PXE (pre-boot execution environment) piston grading machine
CN105328498A (en) * 2015-11-10 2016-02-17 芜湖天金机械有限公司 Turn-milling machining transmission system of universal joint ball shell
CN105397112A (en) * 2015-11-13 2016-03-16 芜湖天金机械有限公司 Universal joint besides-star wheel shape turning feeding and discharging device
CN105619151A (en) * 2014-11-28 2016-06-01 埃马克(中国)机械有限公司 Production line
CN106031989A (en) * 2015-03-11 2016-10-19 浙江易锋机械有限公司 An automatic loading and unloading mechanism for automobile air conditioner compressor pistons

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DE3428992C1 (en) * 1984-08-07 1985-11-28 GSA Gesellschaft für Sondermaschinen und Automationsanlagen mbH, 7107 Bad Friedrichshall Apparatus for the automatic loading of several work stations or machine tools with workpieces
JPH0611454B2 (en) * 1986-03-22 1994-02-16 本田技研工業株式会社 Jig replacement device in transfer device
CN2589147Y (en) * 2002-12-19 2003-12-03 薛玉田 Piston automatic integrated processing apparatus
JP2010064158A (en) * 2008-09-08 2010-03-25 Yamazaki Mazak Corp Machining equipment
CN201625866U (en) * 2009-10-22 2010-11-10 深圳市新沧海机械有限公司 Automatic processing lathe for rods
CN202151862U (en) * 2011-07-04 2012-02-29 东莞市骏泰精密机械有限公司 Carrying manipulator with baking fixture
CN203141238U (en) * 2012-11-01 2013-08-21 浙江神舟机器人科技有限公司 Gantry-type integrated process line
CN203495503U (en) * 2013-08-24 2014-03-26 桐乡市易锋机械厂 Automatic production line for PXE piston

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104001674A (en) * 2014-05-23 2014-08-27 浙江易锋机械有限公司 Detection grading device of PXE (pre-boot execution environment) piston grading machine
CN104001674B (en) * 2014-05-23 2017-05-03 浙江易锋机械有限公司 Detection grading device of PXE (pre-boot execution environment) piston grading machine
CN105619151A (en) * 2014-11-28 2016-06-01 埃马克(中国)机械有限公司 Production line
CN106031989A (en) * 2015-03-11 2016-10-19 浙江易锋机械有限公司 An automatic loading and unloading mechanism for automobile air conditioner compressor pistons
CN105328498A (en) * 2015-11-10 2016-02-17 芜湖天金机械有限公司 Turn-milling machining transmission system of universal joint ball shell
CN105397112A (en) * 2015-11-13 2016-03-16 芜湖天金机械有限公司 Universal joint besides-star wheel shape turning feeding and discharging device

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