CN103755413A - Mushroom cultivation material with wheat straw as raw material and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Mushroom cultivation material with wheat straw as raw material and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103755413A
CN103755413A CN201310689179.1A CN201310689179A CN103755413A CN 103755413 A CN103755413 A CN 103755413A CN 201310689179 A CN201310689179 A CN 201310689179A CN 103755413 A CN103755413 A CN 103755413A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
parts
raw
wheat straw
mushroom cultivation
shallot
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CN201310689179.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
唐宏岩
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颍上县鸿涛菌业专业合作社
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Application filed by 颍上县鸿涛菌业专业合作社 filed Critical 颍上县鸿涛菌业专业合作社
Priority to CN201310689179.1A priority Critical patent/CN103755413A/en
Publication of CN103755413A publication Critical patent/CN103755413A/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P20/00Technologies relating to chemical industry
    • Y02P20/10Process efficiency
    • Y02P20/133Renewable energy sources, e.g. sunlight

Abstract

The invention provides a mushroom cultivation material with wheat straw as a raw material and a preparation method thereof. The mushroom cultivation material is characterized by being prepared from the following raw materials by weight: 45 to 50 parts of wheat straw, 30 to 33 parts of cottonseed hull, 15 to 18 parts of peat, 10 to 12 parts of Kanuma soil, 4 to 5 parts of lemon pericarp, 14 to 16 parts of potato starch, 2 to 3 parts of dodder seed, 1 to 2 parts of persimmon root, 3 to 4 parts of white gourd leaf, 5 to 6 parts of common selfheal fruit-spike, 4 to 5 parts of alpine swertia, 1.5 to 2 parts of gypsum powder, 0.2 to 0.3 part of calcium superphosphate, 1 to 1.2 parts of urea, 2 to 3 parts of brown sugar and 6 to 7 parts of a nutrition additive. According to the invention, the peat and the Kanuma soil added into the mushroom cultivation material are rich in cellulose, hemicelluloses, lignin, humic acid, mineral matters and the like, so the mushroom cultivation material has comprehensive nutrients and good permeability, water retention performance and air permeability and is beneficial for growth of mushrooms; moreover, the preparation method is simple, is easy to operate and manage and has popularization and application values.

Description

A kind of wheat straw is cultivating champignon material of raw material and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to mushroom cultivation technical field, relating to a kind of wheat straw is cultivating champignon material of raw material and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Mushroom is second-biggest-in-the-world edible mushrooms, one of Ye Shi China special product, and it can only absorb nutritive substance from planting material, and its required nutrition of growing comprises carbohydrate and nitrogenous compound, and a small amount of inorganic salt and VITAMIN etc.Therefore, planting material has a great impact mushroom production and quality.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of wheat straw is cultivating champignon material of raw material and preparation method thereof, the high feature of mushroom quality that the present invention has is nutritious, cultivate.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is:
Wheat straw is a cultivating champignon material for raw material, it is characterized in that being made by the raw material of following weight part: wheat straw 45-40, cotton seed hull 30-33, peat 15-18, deer natural pond soil 10-12, lemon pericarp 4-5, yam starch 14-16, South Dodder Seed Chinese Dodder Seed 2-3, persimmon root 1-2, Leaf of Chinese Waxgourd 3-4, Spica Prunellae 5-6, Herba Swertiae heteranthae 4-5, terra alba 1.5-2, calcium superphosphate 0.2-0.3, urea 1-1.2, brown sugar 2-3, nutritional additive 6-7;
Described nutritional additive is made by the raw material of following weight part: Oleum Cari 0.1-0.2, sealwort 3-4, shizandra berry 4-5, Psoralea corylifolia 3-4, Herba Biondiae henryi 2.5-3, potassium fulvate 0.7-0.8, ammonium nitrate 0.5-0.7, lime feldspar powder 4-5, black earth 13-15, shallot 2-3;
Preparation method is: shallot is added to 4-5 water making beating doubly, and filter cleaner, obtains shallot juice; Sealwort, shizandra berry, Psoralea corylifolia, Herba Biondiae henryi, lime feldspar powder, black earth are mixed and mixed thoroughly with shallot juice, after being exposed to the sun 10-12 hour, pulverize, gained material mixes and mixes thoroughly with leftover materials, obtains.
Described wheat straw is the preparation method of the cultivating champignon material of raw material, it is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) wheat straw, cotton seed hull being placed in to clear water soaks after 2-3 hour and pulls out and drain;
(2) lemon pericarp is added to 5-6 water making beating doubly, then add calcium superphosphate, urea, brown sugar, fully stir;
(3) South Dodder Seed Chinese Dodder Seed, persimmon root, Leaf of Chinese Waxgourd, Spica Prunellae, Herba Swertiae heteranthae are pulverized, mix with step (1), (2) gained material and leftover materials, add water and be stirred to water content and reach 60-65%;
(4) by step (3) gained material bagging, adopt the steam normal-pressure sterilization of 100 ℃, obtain.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is:
The peat that the present invention adds, deer natural pond soil rich cellulose, hemicellulose, xylogen, humic acid, mineral substance etc., make comprehensive nutrition of the present invention, also make the present invention there is good permeability, water-retentivity and air permeability simultaneously, be of value to growing of mushroom, in addition, production technique of the present invention is simple, and easy to operate, manageability, has application value.
Embodiment
Wheat straw is a cultivating champignon material for raw material, it is characterized in that by following weight part (kilogram) raw material make: wheat straw 45, cotton seed hull 33, peat 18, deer natural pond soil 12, lemon pericarp 4, yam starch 16, South Dodder Seed Chinese Dodder Seed 2, persimmon root 2, Leaf of Chinese Waxgourd 3, Spica Prunellae 6, Herba Swertiae heteranthae 4, terra alba 1.5, calcium superphosphate 0.3, urea 1.2, brown sugar 3, nutritional additive 6;
Described nutritional additive by following weight part (kilogram) raw material make: Oleum Cari 0.1, sealwort 4, shizandra berry 4, Psoralea corylifolia 4, Herba Biondiae henryi 2.5, potassium fulvate 0.8, ammonium nitrate 0.7, lime feldspar powder 5, black earth 13, shallot 3;
Preparation method is: shallot is added to 4-5 water making beating doubly, and filter cleaner, obtains shallot juice; Sealwort, shizandra berry, Psoralea corylifolia, Herba Biondiae henryi, lime feldspar powder, black earth are mixed and mixed thoroughly with shallot juice, after being exposed to the sun 10-12 hour, pulverize, gained material mixes and mixes thoroughly with leftover materials, obtains.
Described wheat straw is the preparation method of the cultivating champignon material of raw material, comprises the following steps:
(1) wheat straw, cotton seed hull being placed in to clear water soaks after 2-3 hour and pulls out and drain;
(2) lemon pericarp is added to 5-6 water making beating doubly, then add calcium superphosphate, urea, brown sugar, fully stir;
(3) South Dodder Seed Chinese Dodder Seed, persimmon root, Leaf of Chinese Waxgourd, Spica Prunellae, Herba Swertiae heteranthae are pulverized, mix with step (1), (2) gained material and leftover materials, add water and be stirred to water content and reach 60-65%;
(4) by step (3) gained material bagging, adopt the steam normal-pressure sterilization of 100 ℃, obtain.
With cultivating champignon material of the present invention and existing cultivating champignon material mushroom culture comparative result, see the following form.
From table, can draw: cultivating champignon material provided by the invention, through overtesting plantation, per kilogram cultivating champignon base results mushroom amount, increase production more than 60%, and the mushroom handle of mushroom is short, mushroom meat is thick than existing cultivation base, and quality is high, and regenerative power is strong, turns stubble fast.

Claims (2)

1. the cultivating champignon material that wheat straw is raw material, is characterized in that being made by the raw material of following weight part:
Wheat straw 45-40, cotton seed hull 30-33, peat 15-18, deer natural pond soil 10-12, lemon pericarp 4-5, yam starch 14-16, South Dodder Seed Chinese Dodder Seed 2-3, persimmon root 1-2, Leaf of Chinese Waxgourd 3-4, Spica Prunellae 5-6, Herba Swertiae heteranthae 4-5, terra alba 1.5-2, calcium superphosphate 0.2-0.3, urea 1-1.2, brown sugar 2-3, nutritional additive 6-7;
Described nutritional additive is made by the raw material of following weight part: Oleum Cari 0.1-0.2, sealwort 3-4, shizandra berry 4-5, Psoralea corylifolia 3-4, Herba Biondiae henryi 2.5-3, potassium fulvate 0.7-0.8, ammonium nitrate 0.5-0.7, lime feldspar powder 4-5, black earth 13-15, shallot 2-3;
Preparation method is: shallot is added to 4-5 water making beating doubly, and filter cleaner, obtains shallot juice; Sealwort, shizandra berry, Psoralea corylifolia, Herba Biondiae henryi, lime feldspar powder, black earth are mixed and mixed thoroughly with shallot juice, after being exposed to the sun 10-12 hour, pulverize, gained material mixes and mixes thoroughly with leftover materials, obtains.
2. the preparation method of the cultivating champignon material that wheat straw according to claim 1 is raw material, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) wheat straw, cotton seed hull being placed in to clear water soaks after 2-3 hour and pulls out and drain;
(2) lemon pericarp is added to 5-6 water making beating doubly, then add calcium superphosphate, urea, brown sugar, fully stir;
(3) South Dodder Seed Chinese Dodder Seed, persimmon root, Leaf of Chinese Waxgourd, Spica Prunellae, Herba Swertiae heteranthae are pulverized, mix with step (1), (2) gained material and leftover materials, add water and be stirred to water content and reach 60-65%;
(4) by step (3) gained material bagging, adopt the steam normal-pressure sterilization of 100 ℃, obtain.
CN201310689179.1A 2013-12-12 2013-12-12 Mushroom cultivation material with wheat straw as raw material and preparation method thereof CN103755413A (en)

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CN201310689179.1A CN103755413A (en) 2013-12-12 2013-12-12 Mushroom cultivation material with wheat straw as raw material and preparation method thereof

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104030780A (en) * 2014-05-07 2014-09-10 合肥福泉现代农业科技有限公司 Shiitake medium with sorghum straw as raw material, and preparation method thereof
CN104109019A (en) * 2014-07-22 2014-10-22 肥东县丰宝种养殖有限责任公司 Mushroom culture medium with chestnut branch scraps as raw materials and preparation method of mushroom culture medium
CN104108994A (en) * 2014-06-23 2014-10-22 铜陵市美雨菌业有限责任公司 Mushroom medium by taking poplar bark as raw material and preparation method thereof

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2006119783A1 (en) * 2005-05-10 2006-11-16 Mubarak City For Scientific Research And Technology Applications Production of anticancer compound from oyster mushroom fruit bodies
CN101317532A (en) * 2007-06-06 2008-12-10 赵伟 Method for growing mushroom with corn core wheat hull briquetting
CN101870614A (en) * 2010-08-03 2010-10-27 李文胜 Edible mushroom culture medium
JP2011177115A (en) * 2010-03-02 2011-09-15 Shinshu Univ Culture medium for cultivating mushroom, and method for cultivating mushroom
CN102617240A (en) * 2012-04-10 2012-08-01 绥化学院 Novel edible fungus culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN103250562A (en) * 2013-04-16 2013-08-21 东至林野生态种植中心 Method for cultivating boxthorn root bag material healthcare mushrooms

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2006119783A1 (en) * 2005-05-10 2006-11-16 Mubarak City For Scientific Research And Technology Applications Production of anticancer compound from oyster mushroom fruit bodies
CN101317532A (en) * 2007-06-06 2008-12-10 赵伟 Method for growing mushroom with corn core wheat hull briquetting
JP2011177115A (en) * 2010-03-02 2011-09-15 Shinshu Univ Culture medium for cultivating mushroom, and method for cultivating mushroom
CN101870614A (en) * 2010-08-03 2010-10-27 李文胜 Edible mushroom culture medium
CN102617240A (en) * 2012-04-10 2012-08-01 绥化学院 Novel edible fungus culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN103250562A (en) * 2013-04-16 2013-08-21 东至林野生态种植中心 Method for cultivating boxthorn root bag material healthcare mushrooms

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
高经典 等: "麦秆糠生料栽培香菇试验初报", 《中国食用菌》 *

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104030780A (en) * 2014-05-07 2014-09-10 合肥福泉现代农业科技有限公司 Shiitake medium with sorghum straw as raw material, and preparation method thereof
CN104108994A (en) * 2014-06-23 2014-10-22 铜陵市美雨菌业有限责任公司 Mushroom medium by taking poplar bark as raw material and preparation method thereof
CN104109019A (en) * 2014-07-22 2014-10-22 肥东县丰宝种养殖有限责任公司 Mushroom culture medium with chestnut branch scraps as raw materials and preparation method of mushroom culture medium

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Application publication date: 20140430