CN104109019A - Mushroom culture medium with chestnut branch scraps as raw materials and preparation method of mushroom culture medium - Google Patents

Mushroom culture medium with chestnut branch scraps as raw materials and preparation method of mushroom culture medium Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104109019A
CN104109019A CN201410348278.8A CN201410348278A CN104109019A CN 104109019 A CN104109019 A CN 104109019A CN 201410348278 A CN201410348278 A CN 201410348278A CN 104109019 A CN104109019 A CN 104109019A
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China
Prior art keywords
parts
culture medium
mushroom culture
chestnut
mushroom
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Pending
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CN201410348278.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴志元
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FEIDONG FENGBAOZHONG CULTURE CO LTD
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FEIDONG FENGBAOZHONG CULTURE CO LTD
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Priority to CN201410348278.8A priority Critical patent/CN104109019A/en
Publication of CN104109019A publication Critical patent/CN104109019A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a mushroom culture medium with chestnut branch scraps as raw materials and a preparation method of the mushroom culture medium. The mushroom culture medium is characterized by being prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: 60-65 parts of chestnut branch scraps, 30-35 parts of apple branch wood flour, 15-16 parts of orange peel, 8-10 parts of chestnut shells, 20-22 parts of cottonseed hulls, 10-11 parts of bran, 8-10 parts of xylitol residues, 12-14 parts of bean pulp, 30-33 parts of corn flour, 7-9 parts of glauconite powder, 1-2 parts of gypsum powder, 2-3 parts of brown sugar, 0.4-0.6 part of magnesium citrate, 2-3 parts of acanthopanax senticosus, 2-3 parts of mint leaves, 4-5 parts of cistanche deserticola, 2-3 parts of radix scrophulariae, 1-1.2 parts of delavay soapberry seeds, 40-45 parts of clay, 1-1.2 parts of carboxymethyl cellulose and 10-11 parts of nutrient additive. The culture medium disclosed by the invention is reasonable in thickness matching; due to the addition of the glauconite powder and the carboxymethyl cellulose, the mushroom culture medium is good in water retention; mushrooms cultured by using the mushroom culture medium are large in size and round in mushroom cover; in addition, the mushroom culture medium contains various Chinese herbal medicine components so that the cultured mushrooms have a healthcare effect.

Description

Mushroom culture medium that a kind of chestnut branch bits are raw material and preparation method thereof
Technical field
Mushroom cultivation technical field of the present invention, relates to mushroom culture medium that a kind of chestnut branch bits are raw material and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Edible mushrooms because of its delicious flavour, nutritiously liked by human consumer, it can only absorb nutritive substance from planting material, its required nutrition of growing comprises carbohydrate and nitrogenous compound, and a small amount of inorganic salt and VITAMIN etc.Therefore, planting material has a great impact mushroom production and quality.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide mushroom culture medium that a kind of chestnut branch bits are raw material and preparation method thereof, the high feature of mushroom quality that the present invention has is nutritious, cultivate.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is:
Chestnut branch bits are a mushroom culture medium for raw material, it is characterized in that being made by the raw material of following weight part:
Chestnut branch bits 60-65, apple branch wood chip 30-35, orange peel 15-16, chestnut shell 8-10, cotton seed hulls 20-22, wheat bran 10-11, Klinit dregs 8-10, dregs of beans 12-14, Semen Maydis powder 30-33, sea green stone flour 7-9, terra alba 1-2, brown sugar 2-3, magnesium citrate 0.4-0.6, Radix Et Caulis Acanthopanacis Senticosi 2-3, mentha leave 2-3, Herba Cistanches 4-5, radix scrophulariae 2-3, Semen Sapindi Delavayi 1-1.2, clay 40-45, carboxymethyl cellulose 1-1.2, nutritional additive 10-11;
Described nutritional additive is made by the raw material of following weight part: pine nut oil 0.1-0.2, monosodium glutamate waste residue 4-5, palygorskite clay 10-12, deer natural pond soil 4-5, starch 7-9, polyglutamic acid 4-5;
Preparation method is: the hydrochloric acid soln that palygorskite clay is placed in to 6mol/L, solid-to-liquid ratio is 1:2, soak centrifugation after 4-5 hour, gained palygorskite clay is washed with distilled water to neutrality, grinding powder after drying, then mixes with leftover materials, adds water and is stirred to water content and reaches 29-30%, granulation, oven dry, obtain.
The preparation method that described chestnut branch bits are the mushroom culture medium of raw material, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) Radix Et Caulis Acanthopanacis Senticosi, mentha leave, Herba Cistanches, radix scrophulariae, Semen Sapindi Delavayi are added to 5-6 water slow fire boiling 40-50 minute doubly, filter cleaner adds brown sugar, carboxymethyl cellulose in gained filtrate, is stirred to dissolving;
(2) chestnut branch bits, apple branch wood chip, orange peel, chestnut shell, cotton seed hulls, wheat bran, Klinit dregs, dregs of beans are carried out to micronizing after being exposed to the sun 20-22 hour;
(3) raw material of step (2) gained material not being used with above-mentioned technique mixes, and adds water and is stirred to water content and reaches 28-30%, be pressed into bar-shaped, at surface uniform application step (1) gained material;
(4) pack step (3) gained material into polyethylene plastic bag, add bubble and send out, control water content between 65-67%, adopt the steam normal-pressure sterilization of 100 ℃, obtain.
Semen Sapindi Delavayi in the present invention is the fruits and seeds of Yunnan, sapindaceous plant river Seed of Chinese Soapberry.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is:
Substratum thickness collocation of the present invention is reasonable, and makes good water-retaining property of the present invention owing to having added sea green stone flour and carboxymethyl cellulose, and the mushroom stature that uses the present invention to cultivate is large, mushroom lid rounding, in addition, the present invention also contains multiple medicinal herb components, makes the mushroom of turning out have health-care effect.
Embodiment
Chestnut branch bits be a mushroom culture medium for raw material, it is characterized in that by following weight part (kilogram) raw material make: chestnut branch considers 60 to be worth doing, apple branch wood chip 30, orange peel 15, chestnut shell 8, cotton seed hulls 20, wheat bran 10, Klinit dregs 8, dregs of beans 12, Semen Maydis powder 30, sea green stone flour 7, terra alba 1, brown sugar 2, magnesium citrate 0.4, Radix Et Caulis Acanthopanacis Senticosi 2, mentha leave 2, Herba Cistanches 4, radix scrophulariae 2, Semen Sapindi Delavayi 1, clay 40, carboxymethyl cellulose 1, nutritional additive 10;
Described nutritional additive by following weight part (kilogram) raw material make: pine nut oil 0.1, monosodium glutamate waste residue 4, palygorskite clay 10, deer natural pond soil 4, starch 7, polyglutamic acid 4;
Preparation method is: the hydrochloric acid soln that palygorskite clay is placed in to 6mol/L, solid-to-liquid ratio is 1:2, soak centrifugation after 4-5 hour, gained palygorskite clay is washed with distilled water to neutrality, grinding powder after drying, then mixes with leftover materials, adds water and is stirred to water content and reaches 29-30%, granulation, oven dry, obtain.
The preparation method that described chestnut branch bits are the mushroom culture medium of raw material, comprises the following steps:
(1) Radix Et Caulis Acanthopanacis Senticosi, mentha leave, Herba Cistanches, radix scrophulariae, Semen Sapindi Delavayi are added to 5-6 water slow fire boiling 40-50 minute doubly, filter cleaner adds brown sugar, carboxymethyl cellulose in gained filtrate, is stirred to dissolving;
(2) chestnut branch bits, apple branch wood chip, orange peel, chestnut shell, cotton seed hulls, wheat bran, Klinit dregs, dregs of beans are carried out to micronizing after being exposed to the sun 20-22 hour;
(3) raw material of step (2) gained material not being used with above-mentioned technique mixes, and adds water and is stirred to water content and reaches 28-30%, be pressed into bar-shaped, at surface uniform application step (1) gained material;
(4) pack step (3) gained material into polyethylene plastic bag, add bubble and send out, control water content between 65-67%, adopt the steam normal-pressure sterilization of 100 ℃, obtain.
By 10 bags, prior art bacterium bag processed, every bag of heavy 1kg of siccative, as a control group, according to 10 bags, the present invention's bacterium bag processed, every bag of siccative is 1kg heavily, as experimental group, with two groups of substratum under the same conditions mushroom culture comparative result see the following form.
Item compared Average single bag of output (kg) Shape of mushroom Regenerative power is strong and weak Turn a batch speed
Experimental group ? ??1.41 Mushroom handle is short, and mushroom meat is plump By force Hurry up
Control group ? 0.93 Mushroom handle is long, and mushroom meat is thin A little less than Slowly
From table, can draw: mushroom culture medium provided by the invention, through overtesting plantation, average every bag culture medium increases production more than 50% than existing substratum, and the mushroom handle of mushroom is short, and mushroom meat is plump, and quality is high, and regenerative power is strong, turns stubble fast.

Claims (2)

1. chestnut branch bits are a mushroom culture medium for raw material, it is characterized in that being made by the raw material of following weight part:
Chestnut branch bits 60-65, apple branch wood chip 30-35, orange peel 15-16, chestnut shell 8-10, cotton seed hulls 20-22, wheat bran 10-11, Klinit dregs 8-10, dregs of beans 12-14, Semen Maydis powder 30-33, sea green stone flour 7-9, terra alba 1-2, brown sugar 2-3, magnesium citrate 0.4-0.6, Radix Et Caulis Acanthopanacis Senticosi 2-3, mentha leave 2-3, Herba Cistanches 4-5, radix scrophulariae 2-3, Semen Sapindi Delavayi 1-1.2, clay 40-45, carboxymethyl cellulose 1-1.2, nutritional additive 10-11;
Described nutritional additive is made by the raw material of following weight part: pine nut oil 0.1-0.2, monosodium glutamate waste residue 4-5, palygorskite clay 10-12, deer natural pond soil 4-5, starch 7-9, polyglutamic acid 4-5;
Preparation method is: the hydrochloric acid soln that palygorskite clay is placed in to 6mol/L, solid-to-liquid ratio is 1:2, soak centrifugation after 4-5 hour, gained palygorskite clay is washed with distilled water to neutrality, grinding powder after drying, then mixes with leftover materials, adds water and is stirred to water content and reaches 29-30%, granulation, oven dry, obtain.
2. the preparation method that chestnut branch bits according to claim 1 are the mushroom culture medium of raw material, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) Radix Et Caulis Acanthopanacis Senticosi, mentha leave, Herba Cistanches, radix scrophulariae, Semen Sapindi Delavayi are added to 5-6 water slow fire boiling 40-50 minute doubly, filter cleaner adds brown sugar, carboxymethyl cellulose in gained filtrate, is stirred to dissolving;
(2) chestnut branch bits, apple branch wood chip, orange peel, chestnut shell, cotton seed hulls, wheat bran, Klinit dregs, dregs of beans are carried out to micronizing after being exposed to the sun 20-22 hour;
(3) raw material of step (2) gained material not being used with above-mentioned technique mixes, and adds water and is stirred to water content and reaches 28-30%, be pressed into bar-shaped, at surface uniform application step (1) gained material;
(4) pack step (3) gained material into polyethylene plastic bag, add bubble and send out, control water content between 65-67%, adopt the steam normal-pressure sterilization of 100 ℃, obtain.
CN201410348278.8A 2014-07-22 2014-07-22 Mushroom culture medium with chestnut branch scraps as raw materials and preparation method of mushroom culture medium Pending CN104109019A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104737804A (en) * 2015-03-19 2015-07-01 邬方成 Shiitake mushroom cultivation method
CN105399470A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-03-16 全椒县香妃农业专业合作社 Lentinula edodes strain medium and preparing method thereof
CN105461396A (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-04-06 凤台县千秋食用菌有限公司 Mushroom culture medium containing heme and preparation method thereof
CN105541429A (en) * 2015-12-11 2016-05-04 全椒县香妃农业专业合作社 Special nutritional microbial base fertilizer for mushrooms and preparation method thereof
CN106045633A (en) * 2016-07-08 2016-10-26 大冶市刘仁八镇港鑫发紫甘薯种植专业合作社 Culture medium and method for cultivating bamboo fungi
CN106916018A (en) * 2017-04-07 2017-07-04 滨州市和德农业科技有限公司 A kind of Volvaria volvacea cultivation base-material and preparation method thereof
CN108901589A (en) * 2018-04-18 2018-11-30 上海沃施生物科技有限公司 A kind of separation method of wild delicious lactarius strain

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20080034453A1 (en) * 1999-05-06 2008-02-07 Nordine Cheikh Annotated Plant Genes
CN103396247A (en) * 2013-08-01 2013-11-20 邬金飞 Shitake mushroom cultivation material compatibility and production method of shitake mushroom cultivation material
CN103508782A (en) * 2013-10-17 2014-01-15 安徽徽王食品有限公司 Mushroom compost containing spirulina and preparation method of mushroom compost
CN103508823A (en) * 2013-10-17 2014-01-15 安徽徽王食品有限公司 Mushroom compost containing shell powder and preparation method of mushroom compost
CN103739364A (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-04-23 颍上县鸿涛菌业专业合作社 Mushroom cultivation material by taking apple branch as raw material and preparation method thereof
CN103755436A (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-04-30 颍上县鸿涛菌业专业合作社 Mushroom cultivation material with straw as raw material and preparation method thereof
CN103755413A (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-04-30 颍上县鸿涛菌业专业合作社 Mushroom cultivation material with wheat straw as raw material and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20080034453A1 (en) * 1999-05-06 2008-02-07 Nordine Cheikh Annotated Plant Genes
CN103396247A (en) * 2013-08-01 2013-11-20 邬金飞 Shitake mushroom cultivation material compatibility and production method of shitake mushroom cultivation material
CN103508782A (en) * 2013-10-17 2014-01-15 安徽徽王食品有限公司 Mushroom compost containing spirulina and preparation method of mushroom compost
CN103508823A (en) * 2013-10-17 2014-01-15 安徽徽王食品有限公司 Mushroom compost containing shell powder and preparation method of mushroom compost
CN103739364A (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-04-23 颍上县鸿涛菌业专业合作社 Mushroom cultivation material by taking apple branch as raw material and preparation method thereof
CN103755436A (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-04-30 颍上县鸿涛菌业专业合作社 Mushroom cultivation material with straw as raw material and preparation method thereof
CN103755413A (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-04-30 颍上县鸿涛菌业专业合作社 Mushroom cultivation material with wheat straw as raw material and preparation method thereof

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104737804A (en) * 2015-03-19 2015-07-01 邬方成 Shiitake mushroom cultivation method
CN105399470A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-03-16 全椒县香妃农业专业合作社 Lentinula edodes strain medium and preparing method thereof
CN105541429A (en) * 2015-12-11 2016-05-04 全椒县香妃农业专业合作社 Special nutritional microbial base fertilizer for mushrooms and preparation method thereof
CN105461396A (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-04-06 凤台县千秋食用菌有限公司 Mushroom culture medium containing heme and preparation method thereof
CN106045633A (en) * 2016-07-08 2016-10-26 大冶市刘仁八镇港鑫发紫甘薯种植专业合作社 Culture medium and method for cultivating bamboo fungi
CN106916018A (en) * 2017-04-07 2017-07-04 滨州市和德农业科技有限公司 A kind of Volvaria volvacea cultivation base-material and preparation method thereof
CN108901589A (en) * 2018-04-18 2018-11-30 上海沃施生物科技有限公司 A kind of separation method of wild delicious lactarius strain

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