CN103720028B - A kind of tobacco stem high efficiency automatic rolling and broken cutting apparatus - Google Patents

A kind of tobacco stem high efficiency automatic rolling and broken cutting apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103720028B
CN103720028B CN201410011657.8A CN201410011657A CN103720028B CN 103720028 B CN103720028 B CN 103720028B CN 201410011657 A CN201410011657 A CN 201410011657A CN 103720028 B CN103720028 B CN 103720028B
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China
Prior art keywords
cutting
frame
pressure roller
conveyer belt
arranges
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201410011657.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103720028A (en
Inventor
板老棉
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YINGJIANG COUNTY JIESHILI TRADE Co Ltd
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YINGJIANG COUNTY JIESHILI TRADE Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201410011657.8A priority Critical patent/CN103720028B/en
Publication of CN103720028A publication Critical patent/CN103720028A/en
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Publication of CN103720028B publication Critical patent/CN103720028B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of tobacco stem high efficiency automatic rolling and broken cutting apparatus comprises frame, drive unit, conveying device and broken cutting apparatus, described frame arranges conveying device, described conveying device comprises the driven roller being arranged at two ends and the conveyer belt be around between driven roller, described frame arranges brokenly cutting apparatus, described broken cutting apparatus coordinates with the work of conveyer belt contact, arrange drive unit below described frame, described drive unit drives with conveyer belt and coordinates.The structure that the present invention adopts conveying, binder combines with rolling cut, makes tobacco leaf its offal part be carried out automatically roll extrusion in course of conveying and longitudinally break cutting.Namely, under utilizing conveyer belt that tobacco leaf is transported to hobboing cutter, by cooperatively interacting between conveyer belt and hobboing cutter, offal is cut brokenly.Structure of the present invention is simple, and easy and simple to handle, cost of manufacture is cheap.Achieve offal and break the mechanization of cutting operation, improve operating efficiency, lower cost of labor, increase economic efficiency.

Description

A kind of tobacco stem high efficiency automatic rolling and broken cutting apparatus
Technical field
The invention belongs to tobacco processing equipment technical field, before dry after belonging to tobacco leaf picking further, offal is broken cuts equipment technical field, is specifically related to a kind of structure simply, easy and simple to handle, working stability reliable tobacco stem high efficiency automatic rolling and broken cutting apparatus.
Background technology
The quality of each production link of tobacco processing directly affects the quality of final cigarette.Tobacco gather after first treatment process be exactly drying to tobacco leaf, the uniformity of its drying is very large to the qualitative effects of cigarette.Tobacco leaf is made up of mesophyll and offal, because offal is than tobacco leaf porous, and keep moisture content more closely, in dry run, the rate of drying of tobacco leaf and offal and drying property can be different, and offal is thick and hard simultaneously, therefore, be made into cigarette just to need offal is cut into silk, produces the specially treateds such as thin slice, make it may be used for cigarette manufacturing.Before this, much the processing procedure of tobacco leaf all be have employed to the object method of offal removal being reached classification process, or direct labor cuts brokenly offal on tobacco leaf before the drying, to reach the object being convenient to offal drying, these all make tobacco leaf processing procedure to seem trouble and losing time to the processing method of offal, there is no a kind of succinct offal treatment facility efficiently at present, make to offal broken cut convenient and swift, therefore, research and develop a kind of simple to operate, can simple and direct efficiently to offal cut tear reason device be very important.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of structure simple, easy and simple to handle, working stability reliable tobacco stem high efficiency automatic rolling and broken cutting apparatus.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this, comprise frame, drive unit, conveying device and broken cutting apparatus, described frame arranges conveying device, described conveying device comprises the driven roller being arranged at two ends and the conveyer belt be around between driven roller, described frame arranges brokenly cutting apparatus, described broken cutting apparatus coordinates with the work of conveyer belt contact, arranges drive unit below described frame, and described drive unit drives with conveyer belt and coordinates.
The structure that the present invention adopts conveying, binder combines with rolling cut, makes tobacco leaf its offal part be carried out automatically roll extrusion in course of conveying and longitudinally break cutting.Namely, under utilizing conveyer belt that tobacco leaf is transported to hobboing cutter, by cooperatively interacting between conveyer belt and hobboing cutter, offal is cut brokenly.The cutter of broken cutting apparatus and rolling device all have employed the " floating type " mode of operation of spring reset, contribute to the varied in thickness automatically adapting to offal and tobacco portion, guarantee that cutting knife, pressure roller all can adapt to automatically, in good time pressure rolles over offal, make there is again the effect of pulverizing while broken cutting, offal with tobacco portion together by even drying, can be contributed to the quality improving tobacco leaf, improves the utilization rate of cigarette material.Structure of the present invention is simple, and easy and simple to handle, cost of manufacture is cheap.Achieve offal and break the mechanization of cutting operation, improve operating efficiency, lower cost of labor, increase economic efficiency.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is overall structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the top view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the A-A direction view of Fig. 1;
In figure: 1-frame, 2-motor, 3-drive, 4-conveyer belt, 5-knife rest, 6-pressure roller, 7-pressure roller stopping means, 8-pressure roller shaft, 9-back-moving spring, 10-cutting knife unit, 11-suspension bracket, 12-adjusting device, 13-accepts bin, 14-position-limited rack, 15-driven roller, 16-feed belt, 17-motor control switch.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is further illustrated, but limited the present invention never in any form, and any conversion done based on training centre of the present invention or improvement, all fall into protection scope of the present invention.
As shown in Fig. 1 ~ 3, the present invention includes frame 1, drive unit, conveying device and broken cutting apparatus, described frame 1 arranges conveying device, described conveying device comprises the driven roller 15 being arranged at two ends and the conveyer belt 4 be around between driven roller 15, described frame 1 arranges brokenly cutting apparatus, described broken cutting apparatus coordinates with the work of conveyer belt 4 contact, arranges drive unit below described frame 1, and described drive unit drives with conveyer belt 4 and coordinates.
Described broken cutting apparatus comprises cutting knife stopping means, cutter and rolling device, described cutting knife stopping means is arranged at frame 1 both sides, the stopper slot of described cutting knife stopping means coordinates with cutter is dynamic, and described stopper slot at least side arranges rolling device; Described rolling device comprises pressure roller 6 and pressure roller stopping means 7, and both coordinate by pressure roller shaft 8 is dynamic.
Described cutter comprises knife rest 5 and cutting knife unit 10, described cutting knife unit 10 is hob type structure, cutting knife unit 10 is arranged in the middle part of knife rest 5, and it axially and knife rest 5 is is longitudinally rotatably assorted, and described knife rest 5 two ends are dynamic with the stopper slot on cutting knife stopping means respectively to be coordinated.
Described cutting knife unit 10 is combined by one group of spaced cutting disc, coaxially coaxially arranges spacer ring between cutting disc, is namely regulated the spacing of cutting disc by the thickness of spacer ring.
Described knife rest 5 is circle axis structure, and its end arranges the hole with the shaft extension coaxial cooperation of cutting knife unit 10, and knife rest 5 realizes coaxial lock fit with cutting knife unit 10 by hold-down screw.
Described cutting knife stopping means comprises position-limited rack 14, suspension bracket 11, adjusting device 12 and back-moving spring 9, described position-limited rack 14 comprises column and back timber, the both sides of conveying device are arranged at by column, form stopper slot between described column to coordinate with knife rest 5 is dynamic, described position-limited rack 14 top arranges suspension bracket 11, arranges back-moving spring 9 between described suspension bracket 11 and knife rest 5; Described position-limited rack 14 back timber arranges screw adjusting device 12, and the end of the adjustment screw rod of described adjusting device 12 coordinates with knife rest 5 upper surface contact.
The adjustment screw rod of described adjusting device 12 is also provided with lock nut, and it is locked with back timber upper surface and coordinates.
Described pressure roller stopping means 7 is for being fixed on the gag lever post of frame 1 or position-limited rack 14 side, and the pilot hole that described gag lever post and pressure roller shaft 8 end radial direction are arranged, arranges back-moving spring 9 between described pressure roller shaft 8 end and frame 1 lower bracket.
Described pressure roller stopping means is " U " shape groove being fixed on frame 1 or position-limited rack 14 side, and its width of rebate and pressure roller shaft 8 end diameter adapt, and both slide up and down cooperation, arrange back-moving spring 9 between described pressure roller shaft 8 end and frame 1 lower bracket.
The rolling device of described broken cutting apparatus is symmetricly set in the both sides of cutter, is arranged at frame 1 or position-limited rack 14 side respectively by respective pressure roller stopping means, and described pressure roller shaft 8 end arranges back-moving spring 9 separately and between frame 1 lower bracket respectively.
The middle section of described knife rest 5 or arrange the cutting knife unit 10 of more than a group continuously, coaxially connects cooperation between cutting knife unit 10.
Described drive unit comprises drive motors 2 and transmission device, and described drive motors 2 is arranged at below frame 1; Described transmission device comprises drive 3 and driving belt 16, and described drive 3 is arranged at one end of driven roller 15, and is coordinated with the drive wheel works of motor by driving belt 16; Described motor 2 and frame 1 arrange gauge tap 17 be electrically connected.Described drive motors is frequency control motor.
The frame 1 of described conveyer belt 4 input and output material end is arranged and accepts bin 13, described undertaking bin 13 and conveyer belt 4 seats.
Described undertaking bin 13 one end coordinates with frame 1 is hinged, accepts between the free end of bin 13 and frame 1 and arranges length adjustable inclined support bar.
operation principle of the present invention and the course of work:
The structure that the present invention adopts conveying, binder combines with rolling cut, makes tobacco leaf its offal part be carried out automatically roll extrusion in course of conveying and longitudinally break cutting.Namely, under utilizing conveyer belt that tobacco leaf is transported to hobboing cutter, by cooperatively interacting between conveyer belt and hobboing cutter, offal is cut brokenly.The cutter of broken cutting apparatus and rolling device all have employed the " floating type " mode of operation of spring reset, contribute to the varied in thickness automatically adapting to offal and tobacco portion, guarantee that cutting knife, pressure roller all can adapt to automatically, in good time pressure rolles over offal, make there is again the effect of pulverizing while broken cutting, offal with tobacco portion together by even drying, can be contributed to the quality improving tobacco leaf, improves the utilization rate of cigarette material.
Before work, first carry out test run, the operating position of adjustment cutter, namely reach cutting knife offal is basic or 90% cut the degree of depth, and do not injure the conveyer belt of bottom.During work, open gauge tap, conveyer belt is started working, and the speed of conveyer belt can be adjusted by drive motors speed-regulating switch.The tobacco leaf treating brokenly to cut is positioned over the feed end (aligning cutting knife unit) of conveyer belt, under tobacco leaf sends into preposition pressure roller thereupon, and pushed enter under cutting knife unit, offal is cut along offal is longitudinally broken by cutting disc, then under entering rearmounted pressure roller, be drawn out, and deliver to discharge end, imported in splicing case (groove) by undertaking bin.If arrange many group cutting knife unit, can the multiple tobacco leaf of parallel placement, conveying is simultaneously broken cuts, and can greatly increase work efficiency.Work complete, closing control switch, cleaning equipment, uses in order to lower subjob.

Claims (7)

1. a tobacco stem high efficiency automatic rolling and broken cutting apparatus, comprise frame (1), drive unit, conveying device and broken cutting apparatus, (1) arranges conveying device to described frame, described conveying device comprises the driven roller (15) being arranged at two ends and the conveyer belt (4) be around between driven roller (15), it is characterized in that: described frame (1) arranges brokenly cutting apparatus, described broken cutting apparatus coordinates with conveyer belt (4) contact work, described frame (1) below arranges drive unit, and described drive unit drives with conveyer belt (4) and coordinates; Described broken cutting apparatus comprises cutting knife stopping means, cutter and rolling device, described cutting knife stopping means is arranged at frame (1) both sides, the stopper slot of described cutting knife stopping means coordinates with cutter is dynamic, and described stopper slot at least side arranges rolling device; Described rolling device comprises pressure roller (6) and pressure roller stopping means (7), and both coordinate by pressure roller shaft (8) is dynamic; Described cutter comprises knife rest (5) and cutting knife unit (10), described cutting knife unit (10) is hob type structure, cutting knife unit (10) is arranged at knife rest (5) middle part, it axially and knife rest (5) is is longitudinally rotatably assorted, and described knife rest (5) two ends are dynamic with the stopper slot on cutting knife stopping means respectively to be coordinated; Described cutting knife stopping means comprises position-limited rack (14), suspension bracket (11), adjusting device (12) and back-moving spring (9), described position-limited rack (14) comprises column and back timber, the both sides of conveying device are arranged at by column, form stopper slot between described column to coordinate with knife rest (5) is dynamic, described position-limited rack (14) top arranges suspension bracket (11), arranges back-moving spring (9) between described suspension bracket (11) and knife rest (5); Described position-limited rack (14) back timber is arranged screw adjusting device (12), the end of the adjustment screw rod of described adjusting device (12) coordinates with knife rest (5) upper surface contact.
2. tobacco stem high efficiency automatic rolling according to claim 1 and broken cutting apparatus, it is characterized in that: described pressure roller stopping means (7) is for being fixed on the gag lever post of frame (1) or position-limited rack (14) side, the pilot hole that described gag lever post is arranged with pressure roller shaft (8) end radial direction coordinates, and arranges back-moving spring (9) between described pressure roller shaft (8) end and frame (1) lower bracket.
3. tobacco stem high efficiency automatic rolling according to claim 1 and broken cutting apparatus, it is characterized in that: described pressure roller stopping means (7) is for being fixed on " U " shape groove of frame (1) or position-limited rack (14) side, its width of rebate and pressure roller shaft (8) end diameter adapt, both slide up and down cooperation, arrange back-moving spring (9) between described pressure roller shaft (8) end and frame (1) lower bracket.
4. tobacco stem high efficiency automatic rolling according to claim 1 and broken cutting apparatus, it is characterized in that: the rolling device of described broken cutting apparatus is symmetricly set in the both sides of cutter, be arranged at frame (1) or position-limited rack (14) side respectively by respective pressure roller stopping means, described pressure roller shaft (8) end arranges back-moving spring (9) separately and between frame (1) lower bracket respectively.
5. tobacco stem high efficiency automatic rolling according to claim 1 and broken cutting apparatus, is characterized in that: the middle section of described knife rest (5) or arrange the cutting knife unit (10) of more than a group continuously, and cutting knife unit coaxially connects cooperation between (10).
6. tobacco stem high efficiency automatic rolling according to claim 1 and broken cutting apparatus, is characterized in that: described drive unit comprises drive motors (2) and transmission device, and described drive motors (2) is arranged at frame (1) below; Described transmission device comprises drive (3) and driving belt (16), and described drive (3) is arranged at one end of driven roller (15), and is coordinated with the drive wheel works of motor by driving belt (16); Described motor (2) and frame (1) arrange gauge tap (17) be electrically connected.
7. tobacco stem high efficiency automatic rolling according to claim 1 and broken cutting apparatus, is characterized in that: the frame (1) of described conveyer belt (4) input and output material end is arranged and accepts bin (13), described undertaking bin (13) and conveyer belt (4) seats.
CN201410011657.8A 2014-01-10 2014-01-10 A kind of tobacco stem high efficiency automatic rolling and broken cutting apparatus Expired - Fee Related CN103720028B (en)

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CN201410011657.8A CN103720028B (en) 2014-01-10 2014-01-10 A kind of tobacco stem high efficiency automatic rolling and broken cutting apparatus

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104323413B (en) * 2014-09-22 2015-12-30 青岛海奥瑞自动化科技有限公司 Tobacco leaf automatic developing machine
CN105876843A (en) * 2014-12-31 2016-08-24 中国农业科学院烟草研究所 Yellow sun-cured tobacco stick dewaterer
CN106954882B (en) * 2017-05-17 2018-02-02 中国农业科学院烟草研究所 Preprocess method and its pretreating tool before a kind of tobacco leaf is roasting

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100999139A (en) * 2006-12-22 2007-07-18 谢兆琪 Manufacturing method of high speed rolling mould cutter block
CN201030573Y (en) * 2007-01-23 2008-03-05 杭州柯瑞自动化技术有限公司 Two-dimensional template cutter
CN202958781U (en) * 2012-11-23 2013-06-05 湖南省烟草公司长沙市公司宁乡县分公司 Tobacco leaf vein breaking machine
CN103358337A (en) * 2013-07-30 2013-10-23 邹长江 Medicine slicing machine
CN203735457U (en) * 2014-01-10 2014-07-30 盈江县节时力贸易有限责任公司 Efficient and automatic tobacco stem rolling and cutting device

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100999139A (en) * 2006-12-22 2007-07-18 谢兆琪 Manufacturing method of high speed rolling mould cutter block
CN201030573Y (en) * 2007-01-23 2008-03-05 杭州柯瑞自动化技术有限公司 Two-dimensional template cutter
CN202958781U (en) * 2012-11-23 2013-06-05 湖南省烟草公司长沙市公司宁乡县分公司 Tobacco leaf vein breaking machine
CN103358337A (en) * 2013-07-30 2013-10-23 邹长江 Medicine slicing machine
CN203735457U (en) * 2014-01-10 2014-07-30 盈江县节时力贸易有限责任公司 Efficient and automatic tobacco stem rolling and cutting device

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