CN103586905A - Clamp type banana stalk cutting device - Google Patents

Clamp type banana stalk cutting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103586905A
CN103586905A CN201310485435.5A CN201310485435A CN103586905A CN 103586905 A CN103586905 A CN 103586905A CN 201310485435 A CN201310485435 A CN 201310485435A CN 103586905 A CN103586905 A CN 103586905A
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China
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clamping
cylinder
cutting knife
longeron
initiatively
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CN201310485435.5A
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CN103586905B (en
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张喜瑞
郑侃
梁栋
张劲
薛忠
陈致水
王涛
王文
王娟
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Hainan University
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Hainan University
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Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of agricultural machinery and relates to a clamp type banana stalk cutting device. The clamp type banana stalk cutting device comprises a clamping mechanism and a cutting mechanism which are sequentially disposed on the frame from front to back. The clamping mechanism comprises an upper clamping and conveying mechanism and a lower clamping and conveying mechanism. A clamping pulley rotate anticlockwise to drive a lower clamping belt to rotate anticlockwise and an upper clamping belt to rotate clockwise. The lower clamping belt and the upper clamping belt clamp and level the fed banana stalks and conveys the same to the cutting mechanism. The left cutter and the right cutter of the cutting mechanism are synchronously driven by a left connecting rod drive wheel and an upper clamping gear to reciprocate in forms of up-down horizontal movement. The cutters and a fixed cutter cut the banana stalks. The clamp type banana stalk cutting device applied to a banana stalk fiber extractor is compact in overall structure and applicable to banana stalk comprehensive utilization in main banana producing areas, impurity rate of fibers can be lowered, and income increasing of banana growers can be promoted.

Description

Clipping banana stem shearing device
Technical field
The invention belongs to genus agricultural machinery technological field, particularly a kind of clipping banana stem shearing device.
Background technology
Banana is volume of world trade and the most large fruit of fresh fruit consumption figure, and united state food and agricultural organization (FAO) orientates developing country as and is only second to paddy rice, wheat, corn the 4th generalized grain crop afterwards.Banana stem is main byproduct after banana results.Because banana stem is thick, moisture content high, more banana stem adopts and naturally rots or field discard processing, causes the problems such as the great wasting of resources and environmental pollution.The string that contains high-quality in banana stem, this fibre weight is light, gas permeability is strong, and economic worth is higher, and the western-style clothes of the various medium and high classes of suitable for making, shirt, necktie and various ornaments etc., also can be used to manufacture fine paper.At present, Chinese scholars mainly concentrates on the indoor means such as water seaoning, biochemical process to the research of banana stem fiber extractive technique, and mechanical extraction technology still seldom.
At present, due to banana stem afterbody scraping difficulty, existing banana stem fiber extractive technique ubiquity banana stem fiber percentage of impurity is too high, affect the problems such as fiber quality.Therefore need to develop a kind of clipping banana stem shearing device that is positioned at banana stem device for scraping the place ahead, for excising the banana stem of not scraping, thereby improve banana stem fiber productivity, reduce banana stem fiber percentage of impurity.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is for banana stem afterbody described in technical solution background can not scraping, thereby cause banana stem fiber percentage of impurity high, degradation problem under banana stem fiber quality, a kind of clipping banana stem shearing device is provided, it is characterized in that, clipping banana stem shearing device is comprised of clamping device and shut-off mechanism, and clamping device and shut-off mechanism are placed in frame 1 by order from front to back;
In described frame 1, 2 vertical column 101 middle parts, left and right are affixed with the two ends, left and right of the sill 102 of level respectively, the upper longeron 104 in 2 of left and right is parallel to each other and be horizontally disposed with, the rear end of 2 upper longerons 104 is affixed with the upper end of the leading flank of 2 columns 101 respectively, the two ends of entablature 105 are affixed with the front end of 2 upper longerons 104 respectively, 2 the lower longerons 103 in left and right are parallel to each other and be horizontally disposed with, the rear end of 2 lower longerons 103 is affixed with the middle part of the leading flank of 2 columns 101 respectively, the upper plane of lower longeron 103 is higher than the upper plane of sill 102, 2 vertical cutter groove outer baffle-plates 106 are placed in respectively the top of the trailing flank of 2 columns 101, the upper and lower two ends of leading flank and the column 101 of cutter groove outer baffle-plate 106 are affixed, between cutter groove outer baffle-plate 106 and the trailing flank of column 101, there is 1 cutter groove 107 that left and right is penetrating,
Described clamping device is by bearing and bearing block combination I 2, bearing and bearing block combination II 3, moving sets bearing and bearing block combination 4, upper clamping band 5, lower clamping band 6, the upper cylinder 7 that initiatively clamps, upper driven clamping cylinder 8, belt tensioning drum 9, the lower cylinder 10 that initiatively clamps, lower driven clamping cylinder 11, clamping belt wheel 12, upper clamping gear 13, lower clamping gear 14 and left connecting rod driving wheel 15 form, rear portion at lower longeron 103, above initiatively clamp cylinder 7 and lower initiatively clamping before cylinder 10 is laterally placed in column 101, upper cylinder 7 and the lower axis that initiatively clamps cylinder 10 of initiatively clamping is in same perpendicular, upper driven clamping cylinder 8 is laterally placed in the middle front part of lower longeron 103, belt tensioning drum 9 is laterally placed in the postmedian of lower longeron 103, lower driven clamping cylinder 11 is laterally placed in the front portion of lower longeron 103,
Above initiatively clamp cylinder 7 by the axle at two ends and be fixed in the bearing of lower longeron 103 upper surfaces and bearing block combination I 2 forms and is rotationally connected with frame 1, upper driven clamping cylinder 8 and belt tensioning drum 9 respectively the axle by two ends separately and be placed in lower longeron 103 upper surfaces and upper longeron 104 lower surfaces between moving sets bearing and bearing block combination 4 form and be rotationally connected with frame 1, initiatively clamp cylinder 10 and lower driven clamping cylinder 11 axle by two ends separately and the bearing and the bearing block combination II 3 that are fixed in lower longeron 103 lower surfaces form and are rotationally connected with frame 1 respectively down,
Clamping belt wheel 12 is fixed in the lower end that initiatively clamps the left end shaft of cylinder 10 of clamping, lower clamping gear 14 is fixed in the lower end that initiatively clamps cylinder 10 right-hand member axles, upper clamping gear 13 is fixed in the end that initiatively clamps cylinder 7 right-hand member axles, upper clamping gear 13 and lower clamping gear 14 intermesh, and left connecting rod driving wheel 15 is fixed in the end that initiatively clamps cylinder 7 left end shaft;
Upper clamping band 5 is enclosed within and initiatively clamps cylinder 7, on belt tensioning drum 9 and upper driven clamping cylinder 8, form the upper clamping conveying mechanism of clamping device, lower clamping band 6 is enclosed within the lower lower clamping conveying mechanism that forms clamping device on cylinder 10 and lower driven clamping cylinder 11 that initiatively clamps, upper, initiatively clamp cylinder 7 and lower initiatively clamping between cylinder 10, upper clamping band 5 is gapped with lower clamping band 6, under upper driven clamping cylinder 8 and belt tensioning drum 9, while not having material to enter clamping device, at moving sets bearing and bearing block, combine under the elastic force effect of 4 medi-springs 403, upper clamping band 5 contacts gapless with lower clamping band 6, material enters after clamping device, between upper clamping band 5 and lower clamping band 6, produce interval,
Described bearing and bearing block combination I 2 is placed in the structure in bearing block I for bearing I, and with bolt, is fixed in the upper surface of lower longeron 103; Described bearing and bearing block combination II 3 is placed in the structure in bearing block II for bearing II, and with bolt, is fixed in the lower surface of lower longeron 103;
Described moving sets bearing and bearing block combination 4 are by bearing III 401, bearing block III 402, spring 403 and spring stack 404 form between lower longeron 103 and upper longeron 104, article 2, the longitudinal distribution of spring stack 404 parallel to each other is vertically fixed on lower longeron 103 and upper longeron 104, bearing block III 402 is placed in lower longeron 103 upper surfaces, two installing holes of bearing block III 402 are enclosed within respectively on 2 spring stacks 404, 2 springs 403 are enclosed within respectively on 2 spring stacks 404, the lower end of spring 403 is pressed in bearing block III 402, the lower surface of longeron 104 is withstood in upper end, material enters between clamping band 5 and lower clamping band 6, bearing block III 402 upwards produces displacement, under the effect of spring 403, upper clamping band 5 and lower clamping band 6 clamp material,
Clamp belt wheel 12 and rotate counterclockwise, the lower clamping band 6 of driving rotates counterclockwise and upper clamping band 5 clockwise rotates, and upper clamping band 5 and lower clamping band 6, under the effect of the elastic force of spring 403, clamp the banana stem of feeding and flatten and carry to shut-off mechanism;
Described shut-off mechanism comprises cutting knife 16, stationary knife 18, two the cutter driving connecting rods in guide plate 25 and left and right, bottom at cutter groove 107, the blade of stationary knife 18 makes progress and is affixed with column 101 and sill 102 levels, the blade of stationary knife 18 is higher than the upper surface of sill 102, gap lower than upper clamping band 5 and lower clamping band 6, guide plate 25 transverse horizontal settings, guide plate 25 two ends and column 101 are affixed, the front side edge of guide plate 25 is along contacting with stationary knife 18 and lower than the blade of stationary knife 18, gapped between back side edge edge and lower clamping band 6, cutting knife 16 blades downwards and be horizontally disposed with, cutting knife 16 two ends, left and right are placed in respectively in two the cutter grooves 107 in left and right, be fixed in that the columniform cutting knife at cutting knife 16 two ends, left and right is short to be stretched out from the cutter groove 107 of the left and right sides respectively 17, and two of left and right cutting knife short 17 respectively with two of left and right cutter driving connecting rod in quarter butt 19 be rotationally connected,
Described cutter driving connecting rod comprises quarter butt 19, hinge 20, sliding axle 21, stock 22 and fixing minor axis 24, and two of left and right cutter driving connecting rod is symmetricly set on rear portion, left side and the rear portion, right side of frame 1;
In the cutter driving connecting rod of left side, fixedly minor axis 24 is vertically fixed in the postmedian of the left surface of lower longeron 103, sliding axle 21 is vertically fixed on the left surface of left connecting rod driving wheel 15, there is a penetrating chute 23 at stock 22 middle parts, sliding axle 21 is placed in chute 23, the front end of stock 22 consists of stock 22 and is rotationally connected with frame 1 on fixing minor axis 24 circle hole sleeve, the rear end of stock 22 forms the hinged of stock 22 and quarter butt 19 by the circular hole of circular hole and hinge 20 and quarter butt 19 front ends, the circle hole sleeve of quarter butt 19 rear ends is short in forming the hinged of quarter butt 19 and cutting knife 16 on 17 at the columniform cutting knife of cutting knife left end,
In the cutter driving connecting rod of right side, fixedly minor axis 24 arranges the vertical postmedian that is fixed in the right flank of lower longeron 103 with the fixedly minor axis 24 in the cutter driving connecting rod of left side, sliding axle 21 and sliding axle 21 in the cutter driving connecting rod of left side arrange on the vertical right flank that is fixed in upper clamping gear 13, there is a penetrating chute 23 at stock 22 middle parts, sliding axle 21 is placed in chute 23, the front end of stock 22 is rotationally connected with frame 1 by forming stock 22 on circle hole sleeve is on fixing minor axis 24, the rear end of stock 22 forms the hinged of stock 22 and quarter butt 19 by the circular hole of circular hole and hinge 20 and quarter butt 19 front ends, the circle hole sleeve of quarter butt 19 rear ends is short in forming the hinged of quarter butt 19 and cutting knife 16 on 17 at the columniform cutting knife of cutting knife right-hand member,
Because two of left and right cutter driving connecting rod is symmetrical arranged in frame 1 left and right sides, upper when initiatively clamping cylinder 7 and clockwise rotating, left connecting rod driving wheel 15 and upper clamping gear 13 synchronously rotate, and drive respectively the stock 22 of the left and right sides synchronously to swing up and down, thereby drive cutting knife 16 to do upper and lower translation along cutter groove 107, upper clamping gear 13 and the synchronous rotation of left connecting rod driving wheel 15 one week, cutting knife 16 is done once and is pumped, when cutting knife 16 is during at lowest part, cutting knife 16 and stationary knife 18 are the maximum degree of depth of cutting off at the overlapping width of vertical direction, the shearing manipulation that cutting knife 16 and stationary knife 18 form material,
The blade edge region that enters shut-off mechanism through guide plate 25 by clamping device clamping and the banana stem sheet of carrying backward, cutting knife 16 and the stationary knife 18 of the upper and lower translation of the interior do of cutter groove 107 complete the cut-out operation to banana stem jointly;
Describedly upper, initiatively clamp cylinder 7 and lower initiatively clamping between cylinder 10, upper clamping band 5 is 3mm~5mm with the gap of lower clamping band 6, thereby guarantees that banana stem sheet can export smoothly;
The width of described cutting knife 16 is 30mm~50mm, and thickness is 3mm~5mm;
Described when cutting knife 16 is during at lowest part, cutting knife 16 and stationary knife 18 are 5mm~10mm at the overlapping width of vertical direction, to guarantee thoroughly to cut off banana stem sheet, and do not occur clogging;
The displacement that described upper folder cutting knife 16 pumps is 25cm~35cm, to meet the banana stem fibre length requirement of processing.
The course of work of clipping banana stem shearing device is: power, through 12 inputs of clamping belt wheel, drives clamping device and shut-off mechanism running.Clamping belt wheel 12 rotates counterclockwise, and the lower clamping band 6 of driving rotates counterclockwise and upper clamping band 5 clockwise rotates; Through scraping, live together the banana stem of reason from the front portion feeding of lower clamping band 6, upper clamping band 5 and lower clamping band 6 are under the effect of the elastic force of the spring 403 of moving sets bearing and bearing block combination 4, banana stem clamping and leveling by feeding, form banana stem sheet, and banana stem sheet carried backward; Through the rear end output of banana stem sheet clamping conveying mechanism and lower clamping conveying mechanism from clamping device of leveling, the blade edge region that enters shut-off mechanism through guide plate 25; Two of the left and right cutter driving connecting rod of shut-off mechanism synchronously drives by being arranged on upper left connecting rod driving wheel 15 and the upper clamping gear 13 initiatively clamping in cylinder 7 two end axles, the translation that cutting knife 16 is done up and down reciprocatingly along cutter groove 107, the shearing manipulation of cutting knife 16 and 18 pairs of banana stem sheets of stationary knife completes the cut-out operation of cutting off banana stem; Banana stem sheet after cut-out is selected out the banana stem section without scraping in the selection process device at banana stem fiber extractor.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is, be applied in banana stem fiber extractor, be beneficial to and improve banana stem fiber productivity, reduce banana stem fiber percentage of impurity, thereby be conducive to promote extraction and the comprehensive utilization of China's banana main producing region fibers from banana stem, promote increasing income of banana planting family.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is that the master of clipping banana stem shearing device looks schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is that schematic diagram is looked on a left side for clipping banana stem shearing device;
Fig. 3 is the schematic top plan view of clipping banana stem shearing device;
Fig. 4 is the left rear side perspective view of clipping banana stem shearing device;
Fig. 5 is the right lateral side perspective view of clipping banana stem shearing device;
Fig. 6 is frame perspective view;
Fig. 7 is moving sets bearing and bearing block combination schematic perspective view.
In figure, 1-- frame 1, 2--bearing and bearing block combination I, 3--bearing and bearing block combination II, 4--moving sets bearing and bearing block combination, the upper clamping band of 5--, clamping band under 6--, the upper cylinder that initiatively clamps of 7--, the upper driven clamping cylinder of 8--, 9--tensioning clamping cylinder, under 10--, initiatively clamp cylinder, driven clamping cylinder under 11--, 12--clamps belt wheel, the upper clamping of 13--gear, under 14--, clamp gear, the left connecting rod driving wheel of 15--, 16--cutting knife, short of 17--cutting knife, 18--stationary knife, 19--quarter butt, 20--hinge, 21--sliding axle, 22--stock, 23--chute, 24--is minor axis fixedly, 25--guide plate, 101--column, 102--sill, longeron under 103--, the upper longeron of 104--, 105--entablature, 106--cutter groove outer baffle-plate, 107--cutter groove, 401--bearing III, 402--bearing block III, 403--spring, 404--spring stack.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, concrete structure of the present invention and the course of work are described.
The master of clipping banana stem shearing device as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and Figure 3 looks schematic diagram and schematic top plan view depending on schematic diagram, a left side, clipping banana stem shearing device is comprised of clamping device and shut-off mechanism, and clamping device and shut-off mechanism are placed in frame 1 by order from front to back.
Fig. 6 is frame perspective view, in frame 1, 2 vertical column 101 middle parts, left and right are affixed with the two ends, left and right of the sill 102 of level respectively, the upper longeron 104 in 2 of left and right is parallel to each other and be horizontally disposed with, the rear end of 2 upper longerons 104 is affixed with the upper end of the leading flank of 2 columns 101 respectively, the two ends of entablature 105 are affixed with the front end of 2 upper longerons 104 respectively, 2 the lower longerons 103 in left and right are parallel to each other and be horizontally disposed with, the rear end of 2 lower longerons 103 is affixed with the middle part of the leading flank of 2 columns 101 respectively, the upper plane of lower longeron 103 is higher than the upper plane of sill 102, 2 vertical cutter groove outer baffle-plates 106 are placed in respectively the top of the trailing flank of 2 columns 101, the upper and lower two ends of leading flank and the column 101 of cutter groove outer baffle-plate 106 are affixed, between cutter groove outer baffle-plate 106 and the trailing flank of column 101, there is 1 cutter groove 107 that left and right is penetrating.
Clamping device is by bearing and bearing block combination I 2, bearing and bearing block combination II 3, moving sets bearing and bearing block combination 4, upper clamping band 5, lower clamping band 6, the upper cylinder 7 that initiatively clamps, upper driven clamping cylinder 8, belt tensioning drum 9, the lower cylinder 10 that initiatively clamps, lower driven clamping cylinder 11, clamping belt wheel 12, upper clamping gear 13, lower clamping gear 14 and left connecting rod driving wheel 15 form, rear portion at lower longeron 103, above initiatively clamp cylinder 7 and lower initiatively clamping before cylinder 10 is laterally placed in column 101, upper cylinder 7 and the lower axis that initiatively clamps cylinder 10 of initiatively clamping is in same perpendicular, upper driven clamping cylinder 8 is laterally placed in the middle front part of lower longeron 103, belt tensioning drum 9 is laterally placed in the postmedian of lower longeron 103, lower driven clamping cylinder 11 is laterally placed in the front portion of lower longeron 103.
Above initiatively clamp cylinder 7 by the axle at two ends and be fixed in the bearing of lower longeron 103 upper surfaces and bearing block combination I 2 forms and is rotationally connected with frame 1, upper driven clamping cylinder 8 and belt tensioning drum 9 respectively the axle by two ends separately and be placed in lower longeron 103 upper surfaces and upper longeron 104 lower surfaces between moving sets bearing and bearing block combination 4 form and be rotationally connected with frame 1, initiatively clamp cylinder 10 and lower driven clamping cylinder 11 axle by two ends separately and the bearing and the bearing block combination II 3 that are fixed in lower longeron 103 lower surfaces form and are rotationally connected with frame 1 respectively down.
Clamping belt wheel 12 is fixed in the lower end that initiatively clamps the left end shaft of cylinder 10 of clamping, lower clamping gear 14 is fixed in the lower end that initiatively clamps cylinder 10 right-hand member axles, upper clamping gear 13 is fixed in the end that initiatively clamps cylinder 7 right-hand member axles, upper clamping gear 13 and lower clamping gear 14 intermesh, and left connecting rod driving wheel 15 is fixed in the end that initiatively clamps cylinder 7 left end shaft.
Upper clamping band 5 is enclosed within and initiatively clamps cylinder 7, on belt tensioning drum 9 and upper driven clamping cylinder 8, form the upper clamping conveying mechanism of clamping device, lower clamping band 6 is enclosed within the lower lower clamping conveying mechanism that forms clamping device on cylinder 10 and lower driven clamping cylinder 11 that initiatively clamps, upper, initiatively clamp cylinder 7 and lower initiatively clamping between cylinder 10, upper clamping band 5 is 5mm with the gap of lower clamping band 6, under upper driven clamping cylinder 8 and belt tensioning drum 9, while not having material to enter clamping device, at moving sets bearing and bearing block, combine under the elastic force effect of 4 medi-springs 403, upper clamping band 5 contacts gapless with lower clamping band 6, material enters after clamping device, between upper clamping band 5 and lower clamping band 6, produce interval.
Bearing and bearing block combination I 2 is placed in the structure in bearing block I for bearing I, and with bolt, is fixed in the upper surface of lower longeron 103; Described bearing and bearing block combination II 3 is placed in the structure in bearing block II for bearing II, and with bolt, is fixed in the lower surface of lower longeron 103.
As shown in the moving sets combination schematic perspective view of the moving sets bearing block of Fig. 7, moving sets bearing and bearing block combination 4 are by bearing III 401, bearing block III 402, spring 403 and spring stack 404 form between lower longeron 103 and upper longeron 104, article 2, the longitudinal distribution of spring stack 404 parallel to each other is vertically fixed on lower longeron 103 and upper longeron 104, bearing block III 402 is placed in lower longeron 103 upper surfaces, two installing holes of bearing block III 402 are enclosed within respectively on 2 spring stacks 404, 2 springs 403 are enclosed within respectively on 2 spring stacks 404, the lower end of spring 403 is pressed in bearing block III 402, the lower surface of longeron 104 is withstood in upper end, material enters between clamping band 5 and lower clamping band 6, bearing block III 402 upwards produces displacement, under the effect of spring 403, upper clamping band 5 and lower clamping band 6 clamp material.
Clamping belt wheel 12 rotates counterclockwise, the lower clamping band 6 of driving rotates counterclockwise and upper clamping band 5 clockwise rotates, upper clamping band 5 and lower clamping band 6 are under the effect of the elastic force of spring 403, the banana stem of feeding is clamped and flattened and carries to shut-off mechanism, realize banana stem clamping and conveying.
In Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, drawn the stereochemical structure of shut-off mechanism, shut-off mechanism comprises cutting knife 16, stationary knife 18, two the cutter driving connecting rods in guide plate 25 and left and right, bottom at cutter groove 107, the blade of stationary knife 18 makes progress and is affixed with column 101 and sill 102 levels, the blade of stationary knife 18 is higher than the upper surface of sill 102, gap lower than upper clamping band 5 and lower clamping band 6, guide plate 25 transverse horizontal settings, guide plate 25 two ends and column 101 are affixed, the front side edge of guide plate 25 is along contacting with stationary knife 18 and lower than the blade of stationary knife 18, gapped between back side edge edge and lower clamping band 6, cutting knife 16 blades downwards and be horizontally disposed with, cutting knife 16 two ends, left and right are placed in respectively in two the cutter grooves 107 in left and right, be fixed in that the columniform cutting knife at cutting knife 16 two ends, left and right is short to be stretched out from the cutter groove 107 of the left and right sides respectively 17, and two of left and right cutting knife short 17 respectively with two of left and right cutter driving connecting rod in quarter butt 19 be rotationally connected.The width of cutting knife 16 is 50mm, and thickness is 5mm.
Cutter driving connecting rod comprises quarter butt 19, hinge 20, sliding axle 21, stock 22 and fixing minor axis 24, and two of left and right cutter driving connecting rod is symmetricly set on rear portion, left side and the rear portion, right side of frame 1.
As shown in Figure 4, in the cutter driving connecting rod of left side, fixedly minor axis 24 is vertically fixed in the postmedian of the left surface of lower longeron 103, sliding axle 21 is vertically fixed on the left surface of left connecting rod driving wheel 15, there is a penetrating chute 23 at stock 22 middle parts, sliding axle 21 is placed in chute 23, the front end of stock 22 consists of stock 22 and is rotationally connected with frame 1 on fixing minor axis 24 circle hole sleeve, the rear end of stock 22 forms the hinged of stock 22 and quarter butt 19 by the circular hole of circular hole and hinge 20 and quarter butt 19 front ends, the circle hole sleeve of quarter butt 19 rear ends is short in forming the hinged of quarter butt 19 and cutting knife 16 on 17 at the columniform cutting knife of cutting knife left end.
As shown in Figure 5, in the cutter driving connecting rod of right side, fixedly minor axis 24 arranges the vertical postmedian that is fixed in the right flank of lower longeron 103 with the fixedly minor axis 24 in the cutter driving connecting rod of left side, sliding axle 21 and sliding axle 21 in the cutter driving connecting rod of left side arrange on the vertical right flank that is fixed in upper clamping gear 13, there is a penetrating chute 23 at stock 22 middle parts, sliding axle 21 is placed in chute 23, the front end of stock 22 is rotationally connected with frame 1 by forming stock 22 on circle hole sleeve is on fixing minor axis 24, the rear end of stock 22 forms the hinged of stock 22 and quarter butt 19 by the circular hole of circular hole and hinge 20 and quarter butt 19 front ends, the circle hole sleeve of quarter butt 19 rear ends is short in forming the hinged of quarter butt 19 and cutting knife 16 on 17 at the columniform cutting knife of cutting knife right-hand member.
Because two of left and right cutter driving connecting rod is symmetrical arranged in frame 1 left and right sides, upper when initiatively clamping cylinder 7 and clockwise rotating, left connecting rod driving wheel 15 and upper clamping gear 13 synchronously rotate, and drive respectively the stock 22 of the left and right sides synchronously to swing up and down, thereby drive cutting knife 16 to do upper and lower translation along cutter groove 107, upper clamping gear 13 and the synchronous rotation of left connecting rod driving wheel 15 one week, cutting knife 16 is done once and is pumped, and reciprocating displacement is 35cm.When cutting knife 16 is during at lowest part, cutting knife 16 and stationary knife 18 are the maximum degree of depth of cutting off at the overlapping width of vertical direction, and overlapping width is 10mm, the shearing manipulation that cutting knife 16 and stationary knife 18 form material.
The blade edge region that enters shut-off mechanism through guide plate 25 by clamping device clamping and the banana stem sheet of carrying backward, cutting knife 16 and the stationary knife 18 of the upper and lower translation of the interior do of cutter groove 107 complete the cut-out operation to banana stem jointly.
Compact integral structure of the present invention, is applied in banana stem fiber extractor, and its advantage, for improving banana stem fiber productivity, reduces banana stem fiber percentage of impurity.The present invention is applicable to the banana stem comprehensive utilization of banana main producing region.
The above; be only the present invention's specific embodiment preferably, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited to this, is anyly familiar with in technical scope that those skilled in the art disclose in the present invention; the variation that can expect easily or replacement, within all should being encompassed in protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should be as the criterion with the protection domain of claim.

Claims (5)

1. a clipping banana stem shearing device, is characterized in that, clipping banana stem shearing device is comprised of clamping device and shut-off mechanism, and clamping device and shut-off mechanism are placed in frame (1) by order from front to back;
In described frame (1), 2 the vertical columns in left and right (101) middle part is affixed with the two ends, left and right of the sill (102) of level respectively, the upper longeron (104) in 2 of left and right is parallel to each other and be horizontally disposed with, the rear end of 2 upper longerons (104) is affixed with the upper end of the leading flank of 2 columns (101) respectively, the two ends of entablature (105) are affixed with the front end of 2 upper longerons (104) respectively, 2 the lower longerons in left and right (103) are parallel to each other and be horizontally disposed with, the rear end of 2 lower longerons (103) is affixed with the middle part of the leading flank of 2 columns (101) respectively, the upper plane of lower longeron (103) is higher than the upper plane of sill (102), 2 vertical cutter groove outer baffle-plates (106) are placed in respectively the top of the trailing flank of 2 columns (101), the upper and lower two ends of leading flank and the column (101) of cutter groove outer baffle-plate (106) are affixed, between the trailing flank of cutter groove outer baffle-plate (106) and column (101), there is 1 cutter groove (107) that left and right is penetrating,
Described clamping device is by bearing and bearing block combination I (2), bearing and bearing block combination II (3), moving sets bearing and bearing block combination (4), upper clamping band (5), lower clamping band (6), the upper cylinder (7) that initiatively clamps, upper driven clamping cylinder (8), belt tensioning drum (9), the lower cylinder (10) that initiatively clamps, lower driven clamping cylinder (11), clamping belt wheel (12), upper clamping gear (13), lower clamping gear (14) and left connecting rod driving wheel (15) form, rear portion in lower longeron (103), above initiatively clamp cylinder (7) and the lower cylinder (10) that initiatively clamps is laterally placed in column (101) before, upper cylinder (7) and the lower axis that initiatively clamps cylinder (10) of initiatively clamping is in same perpendicular, upper driven clamping cylinder (8) is laterally placed in the middle front part of lower longeron (103), belt tensioning drum (9) is laterally placed in the postmedian of lower longeron (103), lower driven clamping cylinder (11) is laterally placed in the front portion of lower longeron (103),
Above initiatively clamp cylinder (7) by the axle at two ends and be fixed in the bearing of lower longeron (103) upper surface and bearing block combination I (2) forms and is rotationally connected with frame (1), upper driven clamping cylinder (8) and belt tensioning drum (9) respectively the axle by two ends separately and be placed in lower longeron (103) upper surface and upper longeron (104) lower surface between moving sets bearing and bearing block combination (4) be rotationally connected with frame (1) formation, initiatively clamp cylinder (10) and lower driven clamping cylinder (11) axle by two ends separately and the bearing and the bearing block combination II (3) that are fixed in lower longeron (103) lower surface form and are rotationally connected with frame (1) respectively down,
Clamping belt wheel (12) is fixed in the lower end that initiatively clamps the left end shaft of cylinder (10) of clamping, lower clamping gear (14) is fixed in the lower end that initiatively clamps cylinder (10) right-hand member axle, upper clamping gear (13) is fixed in the end that initiatively clamps cylinder (7) right-hand member axle, upper clamping gear (13) and lower clamping gear (14) intermesh, and left connecting rod driving wheel (15) is fixed in the end that initiatively clamps cylinder (7) left end shaft;
Upper clamping band (5) is enclosed within and initiatively clamps cylinder (7), the upper upper clamping conveying mechanism that forms clamping device of belt tensioning drum (9) and upper driven clamping cylinder (8), lower clamping band (6) is enclosed within lower cylinder (10) and the upper lower clamping conveying mechanism that forms clamping device of lower driven clamping cylinder (11) of initiatively clamping, upper, initiatively clamp cylinder (7) and lower initiatively clamping between cylinder (10), upper clamping band (5) is gapped with lower clamping band (6), under upper driven clamping cylinder (8) and belt tensioning drum (9), while not having material to enter clamping device, under the elastic force effect of moving sets bearing and bearing block combination (4) medi-spring (403), upper clamping band (5) contacts gapless with lower clamping band (6), material enters after clamping device, between upper clamping band (5) and lower clamping band (6), produce interval,
Described bearing and bearing block combination I (2) is placed in the structure in bearing block I for bearing I, and with bolt, is fixed in the upper surface of lower longeron (103); Described bearing and bearing block combination II (3) is placed in the structure in bearing block II for bearing II, and with bolt, is fixed in the lower surface of lower longeron (103);
Described moving sets bearing and bearing block combination (4) are by bearing III (401), bearing block III (402), spring (403) and spring stack (404) form between lower longeron (103) and upper longeron (104), article 2, the longitudinal distribution of spring stack parallel to each other (404) is vertically fixed on lower longeron (103) and upper longeron (104), bearing block III (402) is placed in lower longeron (103) upper surface, two installing holes of bearing block III (402) are enclosed within respectively on 2 spring stacks (404), 2 springs (403) are enclosed within respectively on 2 spring stacks (404), the lower end of spring (403) is pressed in bearing block III (402), the lower surface of longeron (104) is withstood in upper end, material enters between clamping band (5) and lower clamping band (6), bearing block III (402) upwards produces displacement, under the effect of spring (403), upper clamping band (5) and lower clamping band (6) clamp material,
Clamping belt wheel (12) rotates counterclockwise, the lower clamping band (6) of driving rotates counterclockwise and upper clamping band (5) clockwise rotates, upper clamping band (5) and lower clamping band (6), under the effect of the elastic force of spring (403), clamp the banana stem of feeding and flatten and carry to shut-off mechanism;
Described shut-off mechanism comprises cutting knife (16), stationary knife (18), two the cutter driving connecting rods in guide plate (25) and left and right, bottom in cutter groove (107), the blade of stationary knife (18) makes progress and is affixed with column (101) and sill (102) level, the blade of stationary knife (18) is higher than the upper surface of sill (102), gap lower than upper clamping band (5) and lower clamping band (6), guide plate (25) transverse horizontal setting, guide plate (25) two ends and column (101) are affixed, the front side edge of guide plate (25) is along contacting with stationary knife (18) and lower than the blade of stationary knife (18), gapped between back side edge edge and lower clamping band (6), cutting knife (16) blade downwards and be horizontally disposed with, cutting knife (16) two ends, left and right are placed in respectively in two the cutter grooves in left and right (107), the short handle of columniform cutting knife (17) that is fixed in cutting knife (16) two ends, left and right stretches out from the cutter groove (107) of the left and right sides respectively, and two the short handles of cutting knife in left and right (17) respectively with two of left and right cutter driving connecting rod in quarter butt (19) be rotationally connected,
Described cutter driving connecting rod comprises quarter butt (19), hinge (20), sliding axle (21), stock (22) and fixing minor axis (24), and two of left and right cutter driving connecting rod is symmetricly set on rear portion, left side and the rear portion, right side of frame (1);
In the cutter driving connecting rod of left side, fixedly minor axis (24) is vertically fixed in the postmedian of the left surface of lower longeron (103), sliding axle (21) is vertically fixed on the left surface of left connecting rod driving wheel (15), there is a penetrating chute (23) at stock (22) middle part, sliding axle (21) is placed in chute (23), the front end of stock (22) is formed stock (22) and is rotationally connected with frame (1) fixing minor axis (24) is upper by circle hole sleeve, the rear end of stock (22) forms the hinged of stock (22) and quarter butt (19) by the circular hole of circular hole and hinge (20) and quarter butt (19) front end, the circle hole sleeve of quarter butt (19) rear end is hinged the short handle of the columniform cutting knife of cutting knife left end (17) upper formation quarter butt (19) and cutting knife (16),
In the cutter driving connecting rod of right side, fixedly minor axis (24) arranges the vertical postmedian that is fixed in the right flank of lower longeron (103) with the fixedly minor axis (24) in the cutter driving connecting rod of left side, sliding axle (21) and sliding axle (21) in the cutter driving connecting rod of left side arrange on the vertical right flank that is fixed in upper clamping gear (13), there is a penetrating chute (23) at stock (22) middle part, sliding axle (21) is placed in chute (23), the front end of stock (22) is formed stock (22) and is rotationally connected with frame (1) fixing minor axis (24) is upper by circle hole sleeve, the rear end of stock (22) forms the hinged of stock (22) and quarter butt (19) by the circular hole of circular hole and hinge (20) and quarter butt (19) front end, the circle hole sleeve of quarter butt (19) rear end above forms the hinged of quarter butt (19) and cutting knife (16) at the short handle of columniform cutting knife (17) of cutting knife right-hand member,
Because two of left and right cutter driving connecting rod is symmetrical arranged in frame (1) left and right sides, upper when initiatively clamping cylinder (7) and clockwise rotating, left connecting rod driving wheel (15) and upper clamping gear (13) synchronously rotate, and drive respectively the stock (22) of the left and right sides synchronously to swing up and down, thereby drive cutting knife (16) to do upper and lower translation along cutter groove (107), upper clamping gear (13) and left connecting rod driving wheel (15) synchronously rotate one week, cutting knife (16) is done once and is pumped, when cutting knife (16) is during at lowest part, cutting knife (16) and stationary knife (18) are the maximum degree of depth of cutting off at the overlapping width of vertical direction, cutting knife (16) and stationary knife (18) form the shearing manipulation to material.
2. clipping banana stem shearing device according to claim 1, is characterized in that, describedly upper, initiatively clamps cylinder (7) and lower initiatively clamping between cylinder (10), and upper clamping band (5) is 3mm~5mm with the gap width of lower clamping band (6).
3. clipping banana stem shearing device according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the width of described cutting knife (16) is 30mm~50mm, and thickness is 3mm~5mm.
4. clipping banana stem shearing device according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described when cutting knife (16) is during at lowest part, cutting knife (16) and stationary knife (18) are 5mm~10mm at the overlapping width of vertical direction.
5. clipping banana stem shearing device according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the displacement that described upper folder cutting knife (16) pumps is 25cm~35cm.
CN201310485435.5A 2013-10-16 2013-10-16 Clamp type banana stalk cutting device Expired - Fee Related CN103586905B (en)

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CN104385338A (en) * 2014-08-14 2015-03-04 武汉纺织大学 Feeding type automatic lotus root slicing machine
CN106113109A (en) * 2016-06-25 2016-11-16 张哲睿 One reciprocatingly slides medical herbs rhizome cutting processing device
CN107347425A (en) * 2017-08-25 2017-11-17 道真自治县黔福现代农业开发有限责任公司 Rhizoma Gastrodiae implantation methods
CN108326913A (en) * 2018-02-05 2018-07-27 重庆市纭凡食品开发有限责任公司 banana slicer
CN109170938A (en) * 2018-11-12 2019-01-11 卢沁炜 A kind of coconut cutting tool and its application method
CN109253939A (en) * 2018-10-08 2019-01-22 邹根发 A kind of hacksaw production sharpness detection device
CN112111829A (en) * 2020-08-26 2020-12-22 南通大学 Fiber preparation device, antibacterial banana core fiber yarn and preparation method thereof
CN113619200A (en) * 2021-10-11 2021-11-09 徐州鑫峰塑业有限公司 Braided bag unloader

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CN102978715A (en) * 2012-12-11 2013-03-20 海南大学 Extraction machine for field handling of banana stalk fiber

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CN2041240U (en) * 1988-12-09 1989-07-19 方建平 Straight-type multipurpose vegetable cutting machine with automatic feed device
US5156874A (en) * 1990-08-31 1992-10-20 Switek Jr Robert E Method for slicing broccoli and the like into spears
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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104385338A (en) * 2014-08-14 2015-03-04 武汉纺织大学 Feeding type automatic lotus root slicing machine
CN106113109A (en) * 2016-06-25 2016-11-16 张哲睿 One reciprocatingly slides medical herbs rhizome cutting processing device
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CN108326913A (en) * 2018-02-05 2018-07-27 重庆市纭凡食品开发有限责任公司 banana slicer
CN108326913B (en) * 2018-02-05 2020-04-07 重庆市纭凡食品开发有限责任公司 Banana slicing machine
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CN109170938A (en) * 2018-11-12 2019-01-11 卢沁炜 A kind of coconut cutting tool and its application method
CN112111829A (en) * 2020-08-26 2020-12-22 南通大学 Fiber preparation device, antibacterial banana core fiber yarn and preparation method thereof
CN113619200A (en) * 2021-10-11 2021-11-09 徐州鑫峰塑业有限公司 Braided bag unloader

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