CN102178328B - Shape cutting method for pericarp and hulls of fruits and device for realizing method - Google Patents

Shape cutting method for pericarp and hulls of fruits and device for realizing method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102178328B
CN102178328B CN 201110088043 CN201110088043A CN102178328B CN 102178328 B CN102178328 B CN 102178328B CN 201110088043 CN201110088043 CN 201110088043 CN 201110088043 A CN201110088043 A CN 201110088043A CN 102178328 B CN102178328 B CN 102178328B
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fruit
guide rail
cutting
pallet
clamping device
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CN102178328A (en
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张聪
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Jiangsu Shengmu Business Service Co.,Ltd.
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张聪
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Abstract

The invention discloses a shape cutting device for pericarp and hulls of fruits. In the shape cutting device for pericarp and hulls of fruits, fruits are conveyed to a fruit tray one by one by a fruit conveying mechanism arranged between a feeder and a discharge chute, and before the fruits are cut, the fruit tray is clamped by a clamping mechanism; and the fruits are subjected to shape cutting by a cutting mechanism, and the clamped fruit tray is loosened by a tray loosening device after the fruits are cut, so that the cut fruits are convenient to pour. In the method and the device, the pericarp and hulls of the fruits are subjected to the shape cutting by a full automation process, and compared with the conventional cutting method for the pericarp and hulls of the fruits, by the method and the device, the cutting speed of the pericarp and hulls of the fruits can be improved effectively; and the method and the device are used for the field of agricultural machines.

Description

Fruit cot shape cutting device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of farm machinery, particularly relate to a kind of fruit cot shape cutting device.
Background technology
Carrying out in the deep-processing process at fruit, is the operation of a key to the cutting process of fruit cot.Carry out the chestnut fruit of frying processing and need to carry out the little fruit that its complete pulp is taken out in peeling for needs, first step operation all must be carried out cutting processing on fruit cot surface, and the cutting processing effect quality of its fruit surface cot will directly have influence on the crudy of the later process of this fruit.
The cot cutting processing operation of the little fruits such as traditional for example Li Guo mainly relies on manual processing the, this processing method will consume that a large amount of manually and its production efficiency is low, and labour intensity is large, and the product sanitary condition of producing is not good enough.
And traditional mechanical type slotting machine can not be realized shape cutting, and for example common Chinese chestnut designated port machine belongs at random rolling cut mode, process coarsely, confusion is large, and otch is deep mixed, skin is scratched in less being difficult for for size in the fruit, and larger fruit is then hurt pulp easily.Therefore this type of machine can only be used in less demanding production, and most enterprises manually is cut into the master in order to guarantee that product quality still adopts.
In recent years, there is research institution to develop the Chinese chestnut cutting machine that adopts laser technology, utilizes the Chinese chestnut through the high power after focusing on, highdensity laser beam irradiation operation process, so that the chestnut shell Albation melting at illuminated place cuts vestige together thereby form.Under the cooperation of rational laser power and transporting velocity, the cutting effect of this kind Chinese chestnut cutting machine is better, and the score degree of depth that cutting is finished is consistent, and can not injure pulp.But the shortcoming of this method maximum is that cutting speed is slower, and cutting efficiency is very low, and the easy loss of laser head, causes its practicality not high, has therefore restricted the development and application of this equipment.
Summary of the invention
For addressing the above problem, but the invention provides a kind of fruit cot shape cutting device of its cutting speed of Effective Raise.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is:
A kind of fruit cot shape cutting device, comprise loader and blow tank, be provided with the fruit conveying mechanism that to carry one by one fruit between loader and blow tank, the fruit conveying mechanism is provided with some fruit pallets that clamp the fruit of carrying, being provided with between loader and blow tank along the throughput direction of fruit conveying mechanism can be so that the clamping device that the fruit pallet clamps and the cutting mechanism that can carry out shape cutting to the surperficial cot that is held fruit, and being provided with between cutting mechanism and blow tank can be so that the pallet loosening device that the fruit pallet that clamps unclamps.
Be further used as the improvement of technical solution of the present invention, be provided with for the frame that the fruit conveying mechanism is installed, the fruit conveying mechanism comprises the guide rail that is fixedly installed on the frame, be provided with between guide rail and fruit pallet be fixedly connected with the fruit pallet and can drive the fruit pallet around the guide rail round and round drive chain.
Be further used as the improvement of technical solution of the present invention, the fruit pallet comprises some be fixed on the drive chain and perpendicular to the holder rail of its throughput direction, the holder rail is provided with some to can be in the holder rail slide block group of sliding, every pair of slide block group comprises two slide blocks, the top of two slide blocks is respectively equipped with the arc notch that can clamp fruit, the middle part of slide block is provided with can be along the guide groove of holder rail slip, and the bottom of slide block is provided with the leg that can embed clamping device.
Be further used as the improvement of technical solution of the present invention, guide rail is ring-shaped guide rail, clamping device is located at the stage casing gap of guide rail, guide rail is provided with for so that two slide blocks of slide block group keep the space protrusion of separated position, the guide rail of space protrusion on the clamping device right side has the gradually most advanced and sophisticated projection of broadening of an end, and most advanced and sophisticated projection is this pallet loosening device.
Be further used as the improvement of technical solution of the present invention, guide groove is U-shaped groove structure, and the holder rail is the U-shaped structure that cooperates with guide groove.
Be further used as the improvement of technical solution of the present invention, clamping device comprises a U-shaped reservation, U-shaped reservation is provided with horizonal base plate and is located at the horizonal base plate both sides and perpendicular to the side plate of horizonal base plate, be provided with two arc plates between biside plate, be respectively equipped with clamp springs between two arc plates and biside plate, arc plate part beyond the side plate is the arc of outward opening, the bottom of the horizonal base plate mount pad that has been fixedly connected, and mount pad is fixedly installed on the frame.
Be further used as the improvement of technical solution of the present invention, be installed with the planer-type fixed mount in the both sides of guide rail on the frame, be installed with the cutting bearing on the crossbeam of planer-type fixed mount, the upper articulation of cutting bearing has swing arm, be provided with the spring of the traction strength that can regulate in the swing arm between the bottom of cutting bearing and the swing arm, the cutting bearing is provided with the knob of adjustable springs stroke, and the end of swing arm is provided with the cutter plate that can rotate around itself and the axle interface of swing arm.
Be further used as the improvement of technical solution of the present invention, cutter plate is provided with cutting blade, but the both sides of cutting blade are provided with a left side half platen and right half platen of fixed cutting blade, be provided with for fastening bolt between left half platen and right half platen, cutter plate is installed on the end of swing arm by connecting fulcrum, left half platen and right half platen are equipped with block bearing with the connection place that connects fulcrum.
Beneficial effect of the present invention: this fruit cot shape cutting device is delivered to the fruit pallet by the fruit conveying mechanism that is arranged between loader and blow tank one by one to fruit, and before being cut, fruit clamps the fruit pallet by clamping device, then by cutting mechanism fruit is carried out shape cutting, and after cutting is finished by the pallet loosening device so that the fruit pallet that has clamped unclamp, be cut the fruit of finishing in order to pour out, this invention is carried out shape cutting by full-automatic process to the fruit cot, but the cutting speed of fruit cot cutting method Effective Raise fruit cot relatively in the past.
Description of drawings
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with accompanying drawing:
Fig. 1 is embodiment of the invention overall structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is embodiment of the invention partial top view;
Fig. 3 is clamping device top view in the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 4 is clamping device side view in the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 5 is clamping device front view in the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 6 is cutting mechanism overall structure schematic diagram in the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 7 is cutting mechanism overall structure side schematic view in the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 8 is the cutterhead overall structure generalized section of cutting mechanism in the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 9 is fruit support holder structure schematic diagram in the embodiment of the invention;
Figure 10 is fruit pallet cross-sectional view in the embodiment of the invention;
Figure 11 is embodiment of the invention slide block structure schematic diagram;
Figure 12 is the clamping device work original state schematic diagram of the embodiment of the invention;
Figure 13 is the clamping device clamp position schematic diagram of the embodiment of the invention;
Figure 14 is the clamping device relaxation state schematic diagram of the embodiment of the invention;
Figure 15 is the view that embodiment of the invention fruit pallet is not held;
Figure 16 is that the fruit pallet is held view in the embodiment of the invention.
The specific embodiment
With reference to Fig. 1~Figure 16, the present invention includes a kind of fruit cot shape cutting method, may further comprise the steps:
(1) but, fruit is put into the fruit pallet of clamping one by one, and enter cutter sweep front clamp fruit at fruit;
(2), utilize cutter sweep that the surperficial cot of fruit is carried out shape cutting;
(3), loosen the fruit pallet that is held after cutting is finished.
A kind of shape cutting device of realizing this fruit cot shape cutting method, comprise loader 1 and blow tank 2,2 of loader 1 and blow tanks are provided with the fruit conveying mechanism 3 that can carry one by one fruit, fruit conveying mechanism 3 is provided with some fruit pallets 31 that clamp the fruit of carrying, being provided with at loader 1 and 2 of blow tanks along the throughput direction of fruit conveying mechanism 3 can be so that the clamping device 4 that fruit pallet 31 clamps and the cutting mechanism 5 that can carry out to the surperficial cot that is held fruit shape cutting, and 2 of cutting mechanism 5 and blow tanks are provided with can be so that the pallet loosening device that the fruit pallet 31 of clamping unclamps.
The shape cutting method of this fruit cot and realize that the cutter sweep of this cutting method is delivered to fruit pallet 31 one by one by the 3 pairs of fruits of fruit conveying mechanism that are arranged at 2 of loader 1 and blow tanks, and before being cut, fruit clamps fruit pallet 31 by clamping device 4, then carry out shape cutting by 5 pairs of fruits of cutting mechanism, and after cutting is finished by the pallet loosening device so that the fruit pallet 31 that has clamped unclamp, be cut the fruit of finishing in order to pour out, this invention is carried out shape cutting by full-automatic process to the fruit cot, but the cutting speed of fruit cot cutting method Effective Raise fruit cot relatively in the past.
As the preferred embodiment of the present invention, be provided with for the frame 6 that fruit conveying mechanism 3 is installed, fruit conveying mechanism 3 comprises the guide rail 32 that is fixedly installed on the frame 6,31 on guide rail 32 and fruit pallet be provided be fixedly connected with fruit pallet 31 and can drive fruit pallet 31 around guide rail 32 round and rounds drive chain 33.
Fruit conveying mechanism 3 is fixed installation by frame 6, and drive chain 33 is installed on the bottom of fruit pallet 31, is used for driving fruit pallet 31 and carries out circulatory motion.
As the preferred embodiment of the present invention, fruit pallet 31 comprises some be fixed on the drive chain 33 and perpendicular to the holder rail 311 of its throughput direction, holder rail 311 is provided with some slide block groups 312 to sliding at holder rail 311, every pair of slide block group 312 comprises two slide blocks 313, the top of two slide blocks 313 is respectively equipped with the arc notch 314 that can clamp fruit, the middle part of slide block 313 is provided with can be along the guide groove 315 of holder rail 311 slips, the bottom of slide block 313 is provided with the leg 316 that can embed clamping device 4, guide groove 315 is U-shaped groove structure, and holder rail 311 is the U-shaped structure that cooperates with guide groove 315.
Can walk abreast to arrange to organize cutting mechanisms 5 according to the needed cutting efficiency of cutter sweep more, 5 of corresponding every group of cutting mechanisms can arrange many group slide block groups 312, the both sides that only are contained in a fruit holder rail 311 in the every pair of slide block group 312 are fixedly installed on the chain link of drive chain 33, and under the drive of drive chain 33, run parallel, in each cutting process, the fruit in slide block group of 5 cuttings of cutting mechanism 312.
Holder rail 311 is fixedly installed on the drive chain 33,313 of two slide blocks on the slide block group 312 are arranged on the holder rail 311, and arranging at the middle part of slide block 313 can be along the guide groove 315 of holder rail 311 slips, the inner chamber of guide groove 315 is complementary with the gabarit of holder rail, so that slide block group 312 can be in the 311 enterprising line slips of holder rail, namely clamp fruit or loosen the motion of fruit, the shape of arc notch 314 and large I arrange according to the proterties of fruit to be cut, are mainly conveniently and cut after the clamping fruit.
With reference to Figure 12~Figure 16 as the preferred embodiment of the present invention, guide rail 32 is ring-shaped guide rail, clamping device 4 is located at the stage casing gap of guide rail 32, guide rail 32 is provided with for so that two slide blocks 313 of slide block group 312 keep the space protrusion 321 of separated position, the guide rail 32 of space protrusion 321 on clamping device 4 right sides has the gradually most advanced and sophisticated projection 322 of broadening of an end, and most advanced and sophisticated projection 322 is this pallet loosening device.
As shown in figure 12, two slide block 313 off-duties of holder rail 311 top shoe groups 312 add hold mechanism 4 before, under the effect of inertia of the space protrusion 321 on the guide rail 32, two slide blocks 313 are in original state, under situation shown in Figure 13, two slide blocks 313 leave guide rail 32, enter clamping device 4 positions, the slide block 313 of two pairings is subject to adding the extruding of holding mechanism 4, inwardly slide, until compress fruit, in position shown in Figure 14, slide block 313 on holder rail 311 and the holder rail 311 leaves clamping device 4, and enter guide rail 32, under the effect of the most advanced and sophisticated projection 322 on the guide rail 32, so that two slide blocks 313 loosen, thereby return back to original state, can unclamp fruit.
With reference to Fig. 3~Fig. 5, as the preferred embodiment of the present invention, clamping device 4 comprises a U-shaped reservation 41, U-shaped reservation 41 is provided with horizonal base plate 411 and is located at horizonal base plate 411 both sides and perpendicular to the side plate 412 of horizonal base plate 411,412 of biside plates are provided with two arc plates 42, two arc plates 42 and 412 of biside plates are respectively equipped with clamp springs 43, arc plate 42 part beyond side plate 412 is the arc of outward opening, the bottom of horizonal base plate 411 mount pad 44 that has been fixedly connected, mount pad 44 is fixedly installed on the frame 6.
Clamping device 4 is fixedly installed on the frame 6 by the mount pad 44 that is fixedly connected in its horizonal base plate 411 bottoms, under normal conditions, two arc plates 42 on the clamping device 4 are subject to the effect of clamp springs 43 by interfix, behind two slide blocks, 313 getaways 32 of slide block group 312, enter in the clamping device 4 by two arc plates 42, and strut arc plate 42, so that arc plate 42 compresses respectively the clamp springs 43 of both sides, thereby finish the clamping to two slide blocks 313 in the slide block group 312.
Such as Fig. 2 and Fig. 6~shown in Figure 8, as the preferred embodiment of the present invention, be installed with planer-type fixed mount 51 in the both sides of guide rail 32 on the frame 6, be installed with cutting bearing 52 on the crossbeam of planer-type fixed mount 51, the upper articulation of cutting bearing 52 has swing arm 53, be provided with the spring 54 of the traction strength that can regulate in the swing arm 53 between the bottom of cutting bearing 52 and the swing arm 53, cutting bearing 52 is provided with the knob 55 of adjustable springs 54 strokes, and the end of swing arm 53 is provided with the cutter plate 56 that can rotate around itself and the axle interface of swing arm 53.
Cutting mechanism 5 is fixedly installed on the planer-type fixed mount 51, the intermediate transverse girder of planer-type fixed mount 51 strides across the cutting machine side, two wing bases of planer-type fixed mount 51 are screwed on frame 6, under the normality, cutter plate 56 remains static under self gravitation, when touching fruit and cut, an amount of pendulum laterally under the pulling force effect of spring 54.By adjusting knob 55, can stretch or loosen spring 54, thereby adjust the adjustment to swing arm 53 drop-down tractive force, indirect regulation cutter plate 56 embeds the degree of depth of fruit pericarps.
When fruit touch cutting mechanism 4 and in cutting mechanism 4 bottoms through out-of-date, with jack-up cutter plate 56, under the pulling force effect of spring 54, cutter plate 56 rolls at the excircle configuration of fruit.
As the preferred embodiment of the present invention, cutter plate 56 is provided with cutting blade 561, but the both sides of cutting blade 561 are provided with a left side half platen 562 and right half platen 563 of fixed cutting blade 561, left half platen 562 and 563 of right half platens are provided with for fastening bolt 564, cutter plate 56 is installed on the end of swing arm 53 by connecting fulcrum 565, left half platen 562 and right half platen 563 are equipped with block bearing 566 with the connection place that connects fulcrum 565.
Because cutting blade 561 is embedded between left half platen 562 and right half platen 563, in fruit epidermis cutting process, left half platen 562 and right half platen 563 are close to the fruit surface, the knife edge that protrudes the cutting blade 561 of two platen circumferential edges then is cut into the cot of fruit, marks the arc score around cot in the cambered surface of fruit shell face.
Certainly, the invention is not limited to above-mentioned embodiment, those of ordinary skill in the art also can make equivalent variations or replacement under the prerequisite of spirit of the present invention, the modification that these are equal to or replacement all are included in the application's claim limited range.

Claims (7)

1. fruit cot shape cutting device, comprise loader (1) and blow tank (2), it is characterized in that: be provided with the fruit conveying mechanism (3) that to carry one by one fruit between described loader (1) and blow tank (2), described fruit conveying mechanism (3) is provided with some fruit pallets (31) that clamp the fruit of carrying, being provided with between loader (1) and blow tank (2) along the throughput direction of described fruit conveying mechanism (3) can be so that the clamping device (4) that fruit pallet (31) clamps and the cutting mechanism (5) that can carry out to the surperficial cot that is held fruit shape cutting, being provided with between described cutting mechanism (5) and blow tank (2) can be so that the pallet loosening device that the fruit pallet (31) that clamps unclamps, be provided be used to the frame (6) that described fruit conveying mechanism (3) is installed, described fruit conveying mechanism (3) comprises the guide rail (32) that is fixedly installed on the frame (6), be provided with between described guide rail (32) and fruit pallet (31) be fixedly connected with fruit pallet (31) and can drive fruit pallet (31) around guide rail (32) round and round drive chain (33), described fruit pallet (31) comprises that some drive chains (33) that are fixed in are upper and perpendicular to the holder rail (311) of throughput direction, described holder rail (311) be provided with some to can the holder rail (311) slip slide block group (312), described guide rail (32) is ring-shaped guide rail, described clamping device (4) is located at the stage casing gap of guide rail (32), described guide rail (32) is provided with space protrusion (321), the guide rail (32) of described space protrusion (321) on clamping device (4) right side has the gradually most advanced and sophisticated projection (322) of broadening of an end, and described most advanced and sophisticated projection (322) is this pallet loosening device.
2. shape cutting device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: every pair of described slide block group (312) comprises two slide blocks (313), the top of two described slide blocks (313) is respectively equipped with the arc notch (314) that can clamp fruit, the middle part of described slide block (313) is provided with can be along the guide groove (315) of holder rail (311) slip, and the bottom of described slide block (313) is provided with the leg (316) that can embed clamping device (4).
3. shape cutting device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described guide rail (32) is ring-shaped guide rail, described clamping device (4) is located at the stage casing gap of guide rail (32), described guide rail (32) is provided with for so that two slide blocks (313) of slide block group (312) keep the space protrusion (321) of separated position, the guide rail (32) of described space protrusion (321) on clamping device (4) right side has the gradually most advanced and sophisticated projection (322) of broadening of an end, and described most advanced and sophisticated projection (322) is this pallet loosening device.
4. shape cutting device according to claim 2 is characterized in that: described guide groove (315) is U-shaped groove structure, and described holder rail (311) is the U-shaped structure that cooperates with guide groove (315).
5. shape cutting device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described clamping device (4) comprises a U-shaped reservation (41), described U-shaped reservation (41) is provided with horizonal base plate (411) and is located at horizonal base plate (411) both sides and perpendicular to the side plate (412) of horizonal base plate (411), be provided with two arc plates (42) between described biside plate (412), be respectively equipped with clamp springs (43) between described two arc plates (42) and biside plate (412), described arc plate (42) is the arc of outward opening partly at side plate (412) in addition, the bottom of described horizonal base plate (411) mount pad (44) that has been fixedly connected, described mount pad (44) is fixedly installed on the frame (6).
6. shape cutting device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described frame (6) is upper to be installed with planer-type fixed mount (51) in the both sides of guide rail (32), be installed with cutting bearing (52) on the crossbeam of described planer-type fixed mount (51), the upper articulation of described cutting bearing (52) has swing arm (53), be provided with the spring (54) that to regulate the traction strength in the swing arm (53) between the bottom of described cutting bearing (52) and the swing arm (53), described cutting bearing (52) is provided with the knob (55) that can regulate described spring (54) stroke, and the end of described swing arm (53) is provided with can be around the cutter plate (56) of the axle interface rotation of itself and swing arm (53).
7. shape cutting device according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: described cutter plate (56) is provided with cutting blade (561), the both sides of described cutting blade (561) are provided with a left side half platen (562) and right half platen (563) that can fix described cutting blade (561), be provided with for fastening bolt (564) between a described left side half platen (562) and right half platen (563), described cutter plate (56) is installed on the end of swing arm (53) by connecting fulcrum (565), a described left side half platen (562) and right half platen (563) are equipped with block bearing (566) with the connection place that connects fulcrum (565).
CN 201110088043 2011-04-08 2011-04-08 Shape cutting method for pericarp and hulls of fruits and device for realizing method Active CN102178328B (en)

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CN 201110088043 CN102178328B (en) 2011-04-08 2011-04-08 Shape cutting method for pericarp and hulls of fruits and device for realizing method

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN102178328B true CN102178328B (en) 2013-10-30

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CN103519323B (en) * 2013-10-31 2016-03-02 潍坊英利电子科技有限公司 A kind of Hawk claw type automatic chestnut opening machine
CN104872784A (en) * 2015-06-03 2015-09-02 冯子丰 Novel nut summer fruit opening machine
CN106115227B (en) * 2016-06-27 2018-03-20 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Cutting test machine cutter device
JP7058883B2 (en) * 2017-06-07 2022-04-25 エー オー シャリノックス ゲーエムベーハー Cutting device for processing a single product
CN110926110B (en) * 2019-12-10 2021-08-06 安徽裕民生态农业有限公司 Camellia seed drying equipment
CN111955511A (en) * 2020-09-01 2020-11-20 湖南嘉士利食品有限公司 Biscuit production shaping cooling device
CN111903994B (en) * 2020-09-08 2021-11-30 王丽敏 Chinese chestnut peeling machine

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4068011A (en) * 1975-09-29 1978-01-10 Ore-Ida Foods, Inc. Method of peeling onions by scalding and cutting
CN2035958U (en) * 1988-07-23 1989-04-19 卢行忠 Fruit nuclear remover of citrus
CN201336917Y (en) * 2009-01-09 2009-11-04 张美君 Chinese chestnut notching machine
CN201691031U (en) * 2010-07-07 2011-01-05 徐州华源农业发展有限公司 Base cutting machine of garlic

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4068011A (en) * 1975-09-29 1978-01-10 Ore-Ida Foods, Inc. Method of peeling onions by scalding and cutting
CN2035958U (en) * 1988-07-23 1989-04-19 卢行忠 Fruit nuclear remover of citrus
CN201336917Y (en) * 2009-01-09 2009-11-04 张美君 Chinese chestnut notching machine
CN201691031U (en) * 2010-07-07 2011-01-05 徐州华源农业发展有限公司 Base cutting machine of garlic

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