CN110926110B - Camellia seed drying equipment - Google Patents

Camellia seed drying equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110926110B
CN110926110B CN201911257443.8A CN201911257443A CN110926110B CN 110926110 B CN110926110 B CN 110926110B CN 201911257443 A CN201911257443 A CN 201911257443A CN 110926110 B CN110926110 B CN 110926110B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
opening
guide rail
plate
conveying
annular guide
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Application number
CN201911257443.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110926110A (en
Inventor
李必琼
尹和山
魏显威
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Anhui Yumin Ecological Agriculture Co ltd
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Anhui Yumin Ecological Agriculture Co ltd
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Priority to CN201911257443.8A priority Critical patent/CN110926110B/en
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B1/00Preliminary treatment of solid materials or objects to facilitate drying, e.g. mixing or backmixing the materials to be dried with predominantly dry solids
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B25/00Details of general application not covered by group F26B21/00 or F26B23/00
    • F26B25/001Handling, e.g. loading or unloading arrangements
    • F26B25/002Handling, e.g. loading or unloading arrangements for bulk goods
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B2200/00Drying processes and machines for solid materials characterised by the specific requirements of the drying good
    • F26B2200/08Granular materials

Abstract

The invention provides tea-oil tree seed drying equipment which comprises a rack, a conveying belt, an annular guide rail, opening conveying mechanisms, opening assemblies, a slope plate and a drying box, wherein the annular guide rail is installed on the rack, the opening conveying mechanisms are arranged on the annular guide rail, opening cutters and the opening conveying mechanisms are positioned on opposite surfaces, the slope plate is fixedly installed on the rack, the inner side surface of a top plate in the opening conveying mechanism on one side, close to the conveying belt, of the annular guide rail is flush with a vertical surface on the left side of the slope plate, and the central axis of each opening cutter is flush with the horizontal surface at the bottom of the slope plate. Through opening conveying mechanism along the motion of annular guide rail, can outwards move along the inclined part of slope slab band when roof and ramp plate contact, and hollow ejector pin and opening sword are in central to heart state when moving to ramp plate bottom, therefore the tea-oil camellia seed of holding on the sucking disc can move and then reach the open-ended state to opening sword, can effectual reduction subsequent required time of drying process.

Description

Camellia seed drying equipment
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of agricultural and sideline product processing, in particular to camellia seed drying equipment.
Background
The camellia seed is required to be subjected to shelling treatment before being processed, due to the fact that the camellia seed shells are high in wrapping property, the shelling treatment cannot be carried out easily, and the camellia seed is required to be in a dry state in the subsequent processing process of the camellia seed, the camellia seed picked up is often subjected to a drying process firstly when the camellia seed is processed, the existing drying direction is how to uniformly dry or fully utilize heat energy, the drying efficiency cannot be improved by utilizing the characteristics of the camellia seed, and the camellia seed can crack and be opened after being dried, but the camellia seed is directly heated and dried at present, and the characteristics cannot be well utilized.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide camellia seed drying equipment to solve the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a tea-oil camellia seed drying equipment, includes frame, conveyer belt, ring rail, opening conveying mechanism, opening subassembly, ramp plate and drying cabinet, the conveyer belt sets up the top in the frame, the drying cabinet sets up in the below of frame and is located the discharge gate department of conveyer belt tip, wherein:
the annular guide rail is mounted on the rack, the plurality of opening conveying mechanisms are arranged on the annular guide rail, each opening conveying mechanism comprises a support frame, rollers, a motor, a hollow ejector rod, a spring I, a sucker, a telescopic hose, a negative pressure pump and a top plate, the support frame is movably mounted on the annular guide rail, the bottom of the support frame is provided with the two rollers, the rollers are in contact with the end face of the annular guide rail and are in transmission connection with the motor, the hollow ejector rod is movably mounted on the support frame, the spring I is arranged between the hollow ejector rod and the support frame, the top end of the hollow ejector rod is provided with the sucker and communicated with the hollow ejector rod, the negative pressure pump is communicated with the hollow ejector rod through the telescopic hose, and the top plate is fixedly sleeved on the hollow ejector rod;
the opening assembly comprises a base, an opening knife and a spring II, the base is mounted on the rack, the opening knife is movably mounted on the base, the spring II is arranged between the opening knife and the base, and the opening knife and the opening conveying mechanism are in opposite surfaces; and
the slope plate is fixedly installed on the rack and located below the annular guide rail, the inner side face of a top plate in the opening conveying mechanism on one side, close to the conveying belt, of the annular guide rail is flush with the vertical face on the left side of the slope plate, the central axis of the opening cutter is flush with the horizontal plane at the bottom of the slope plate, therefore, the top plate can move outwards along the slope plate when in contact with the slope plate, and the hollow ejector rod and the opening cutter are in a centering state when moving to the bottom of the slope plate.
Preferably, the annular guide rail is internally provided with a guide ring, the bottom of the support frame is provided with a clamping groove, and the clamping groove at the bottom of the support frame is clamped on the guide ring.
Preferably, the roller is rotatably installed at the bottom of the support frame through an installation shaft, the motor is fixedly installed on the support frame, and the output end of the power chamber of the motor is fixedly connected with the installation shaft for installing the roller.
Preferably, the hollow ejector rod is installed in the mounting hole at the top of the support frame in a matching mode, the hollow ejector rod is sleeved with the spring I, and two ends of the spring I are fixedly connected with the hollow ejector rod and the support frame respectively.
Preferably, the opening knife is installed in the installation hole of the base through the matching of the supporting rod at the end part of the opening knife, the spring II is sleeved on the supporting rod at the end part of the opening knife, and two ends of the spring II are respectively fixedly connected with the opening knife and the base.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
according to the invention, the opening conveying mechanism moves along the annular guide rail, when the top plate is in contact with the slope plate, the top plate can move outwards along the slope part of the slope plate, and when the top plate moves to the bottom of the slope plate, the hollow ejector rod and the opening cutter are in a centering state, so that the camellia seeds sucked on the suction cup can move towards the opening cutter to reach an opening state, and the time required by the subsequent drying process can be effectively reduced.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a three-dimensional schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a top view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of an open conveying mechanism according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of portion A of FIG. 2;
fig. 5 is a cross-sectional view of the ring rail of the present invention in a cross-sectional view.
In the figure: the device comprises a frame 1, a conveyer belt 2, an annular guide rail 3, an opening conveying mechanism 4, an opening assembly 5, a slope plate 6, a drying box 7, a guide ring 31, a support frame 41, a roller 42, a motor 43, a hollow ejector rod 44, a spring I45, a suction cup 46, a telescopic hose 47, a negative pressure pump 48, a top plate 49, a clamping groove 411, a base 51, an opening knife 52 and a spring II 53.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Example (b):
referring to fig. 1 to 5, the present invention provides a technical solution:
the utility model provides a tea-oil camellia seed drying equipment, includes frame 1, conveyer belt 2, ring rail 3, opening conveying mechanism 4, opening subassembly 5, ramp plate 6 and drying cabinet 7, wherein:
the conveyer belt 2 is fixedly arranged above the rack 1 and used for conveying materials, the drying box 7 is arranged below the rack 1 and positioned at a discharge port at the end part of the conveyer belt 2, so that the camellia seeds subjected to opening treatment enter the drying box 7 for drying treatment, and the working principle of the drying box 7 is conventional in the field and is necessary technical characteristics in the application, which are not described again;
the annular guide rail 3 is fixedly installed on the machine frame 1 through bolts, the guide ring 31 is arranged inside the annular guide rail 3, the plurality of opening conveying mechanisms 4 are arranged on the annular guide rail 3, wherein the number of the opening conveying mechanisms 4 is determined according to the processing requirement but is more than one, each opening conveying mechanism 4 comprises a support frame 41, rollers 42, a motor 43, a hollow ejector rod 44, a spring I45, a suction cup 46, a telescopic hose 47, a negative pressure pump 48 and a top plate 49, a clamping groove 411 is arranged at the bottom of the support frame 41, the clamping groove 411 at the bottom of the support frame 41 is clamped on the guide ring 31, so that the support frame 41 can move along the annular guide rail 3, the two rollers 42 are installed at the bottom of the support frame 41 through installation shaft rotation, the motor 43 is fixedly installed on the support frame 41, the output end of a power chamber of the motor is fixedly connected with the installation shaft of the rollers 42, and therefore the roller 42 can be directly driven to rotate by the motor 43, wherein the roller 42 contacts with the end face of the annular guide rail 3, so that the support frame 41 moves along the annular guide rail 3 in the rotating process of the roller 42, the hollow ejector rod 44 is installed in the installation hole at the top of the support frame 41 in a matching manner, so that the hollow ejector rod 44 can move back and forth along the support frame 41, the spring I45 is sleeved on the hollow ejector rod 44, two ends of the spring I45 are respectively fixedly connected with the hollow ejector rod 44 and the support frame 41, the top end of the hollow ejector rod 44 is provided with a suction cup 46 and communicated with the suction cup, the suction cup 46 in the opening conveying mechanism 4 on one side of the annular guide rail 3 close to the conveying belt 2 is positioned right above the conveying belt 2, so that the suction cup 46 can suck the camellia seeds when negative air pressure is introduced into the hollow ejector rod 44, the negative pressure pump 48 is fixedly installed on the support frame 41 through bolts, one end of the telescopic hose 47, therefore, the negative pressure pump 48 is communicated with the hollow mandril 44, and the top plate 49 is fixedly sleeved on the hollow mandril 44;
the opening assembly 5 comprises a base 51, an opening knife 52 and a spring II 53, the base 51 is fixedly installed on the rack 1 through bolts, the opening knife 52 is installed in a mounting hole of the base 51 through a supporting rod at the end part of the opening knife 52 in a matched mode, therefore, the opening knife 52 forms a moving pair on the base 51, the spring II 53 is sleeved on the supporting rod at the end part of the opening knife 52, and two ends of the spring II 53 are fixedly connected with the opening knife 52 and the base 51 respectively, therefore, when the opening knife 52 is in contact with the camellia seeds to realize opening, the opening knife 52 can be prevented from damaging kernels in the camellia seeds, and the opening knife 52 and the opening conveying mechanism 4 are positioned on opposite surfaces, so that the camellia seeds adsorbed by the opening conveying mechanism 4 can be opened; and
the slope plate 6 is fixedly installed on the frame 1 through bolts and is located below the annular guide rail 3, wherein the inner side surface of a top plate 49 in the opening conveying mechanism 4 on one side of the annular guide rail 3 close to the conveying belt 2 is flush with the vertical surface on the left side of the slope plate 6, and the central axis of an opening knife 52 is flush with the horizontal plane at the bottom of the slope plate 6, so that the top plate 49 can move outwards along the part with the slope of the slope plate 6 when contacting the slope plate 6, and the hollow mandril 44 and the opening knife 52 are in a centering state when moving to the bottom of the slope plate 6.
The principle of the invention is as follows: the camellia seeds to be dried are placed on the conveying belt 2 and conveyed by the conveying belt 2, the motor 43 in the opening conveying mechanism 4 is started to drive the roller 42 to rotate, at the moment, the support frame 41 moves along the annular guide rail 3, negative pressure is introduced into the hollow ejector rod 44 by the negative pressure pump 48 in the opening conveying mechanism 4, the sucker 46 can adsorb the camellia seeds, the support frame 41 moves along the annular guide rail 3, the opening conveying mechanism 4 on the annular guide rail 3 and on one side of the conveying belt 2 can adsorb and grab the camellia seeds, when the top plate 49 in the opening conveying mechanism 4 moves to the side of the slope plate 6 and is in contact with the slope plate 6, the top plate 49 pulls the hollow ejector rod 44 to move outwards, at the moment, the camellia seeds on the sucker 46 move towards the direction close to the opening knife 52, when the sucker 46 and the opening knife 52 are centered, then the top plate 49 is separated from the slope plate 6, the hollow mandril 44 drives the sucker 46 to move towards the direction far away from the opening knife 52 under the pulling action of the spring I45, at the moment, the negative pressure pump 48 stops working, so that the opened camellia seeds fall on the conveyer belt 2 again, and finally the opened camellia seeds fall into the drying box 7 for drying through the conveying action of the conveyer belt 2;
because the opening conveying mechanism 4 circularly moves along the annular guide rail 3, the camellia seeds can be circularly opened.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (5)

1. The utility model provides a tea-oil camellia seed drying equipment, includes frame (1), conveyer belt (2), ring rail (3), opening conveying mechanism (4), opening subassembly (5), ramp plate (6) and drying cabinet (7), conveyer belt (2) set up the top in frame (1), drying cabinet (7) set up in the below of frame (1) and are located the discharge gate department of conveyer belt (2) tip, its characterized in that:
the annular guide rail (3) is installed on the rack (1), a plurality of the opening conveying mechanisms (4) are arranged on the annular guide rail (3), each opening conveying mechanism (4) comprises a support frame (41), rollers (42), a motor (43), a hollow ejector rod (44), a spring I (45), a sucker (46), a telescopic hose (47), a negative pressure pump (48) and a top plate (49), the support frames (41) are movably installed on the annular guide rail (3), the bottoms of the support frames (41) are provided with two rollers (42), the rollers (42) are in end surface contact with the annular guide rail (3), the rollers (42) are in transmission connection with the motors (43), the hollow ejector rods (44) are movably installed on the support frames (41), the springs I (45) are arranged between the hollow ejector rods (44) and the support frames (41), the top ends of the hollow ejector rods (44) are provided with suckers (46) and communicated with the hollow ejector rods, a sucker (46) in an opening conveying mechanism (4) on one side, close to the conveying belt (2), of the annular guide rail (3) is located right above the conveying belt (2), the negative pressure pump (48) is communicated with the hollow ejector rod (44) through a telescopic hose (47), and the top plate (49) is fixedly sleeved on the hollow ejector rod (44);
the opening assembly (5) comprises a base (51), an opening knife (52) and a spring II (53), the base (51) is mounted on the rack (1), the opening knife (52) is movably mounted on the base (51), the spring II (53) is arranged between the opening knife (52) and the base (51), and the opening knife (52) and the opening conveying mechanism (4) are in opposite surfaces; and
the slope plate (6) is fixedly installed on the rack (1) and located below the annular guide rail (3), wherein the inner side face of a top plate (49) in the opening conveying mechanism (4) on one side, close to the conveying belt (2), of the annular guide rail (3) is flush with the vertical face on the left side of the slope plate (6), the central axis of the opening cutter (52) is flush with the horizontal plane at the bottom of the slope plate (6), and therefore the top plate (49) can move outwards along the portion, with the slope, of the slope plate (6) when in contact with the slope plate (6) and moves to the bottom of the slope plate (6), and the center ejector rod (44) and the opening cutter (52) are in a state when moving to the bottom of the slope plate (6).
2. The camellia seed drying apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the annular guide rail (3) is internally provided with a guide ring (31), the bottom of the support frame (41) is provided with a clamping groove (411), and the clamping groove (411) at the bottom of the support frame (41) is clamped on the guide ring (31).
3. The camellia seed drying apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the roller (42) is rotatably installed at the bottom of the support frame (41) through an installation shaft, the motor (43) is fixedly installed on the support frame (41), and the output end of the power chamber of the motor is fixedly connected with the installation shaft of the roller (42).
4. The camellia seed drying apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the hollow ejector rod (44) is installed in a mounting hole in the top of the support frame (41) in a matched mode, the hollow ejector rod (44) is sleeved with the spring I (45), and two ends of the spring I (45) are fixedly connected with the hollow ejector rod (44) and the support frame (41) respectively.
5. The camellia seed drying apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the opening knife (52) is installed in the installation hole of the base (51) through the matching of the supporting rod at the end part of the opening knife (52), the spring II (53) is sleeved on the supporting rod at the end part of the opening knife (52), and the two ends of the spring II (53) are respectively fixedly connected with the opening knife (52) and the base (51).
CN201911257443.8A 2019-12-10 2019-12-10 Camellia seed drying equipment Active CN110926110B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911257443.8A CN110926110B (en) 2019-12-10 2019-12-10 Camellia seed drying equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911257443.8A CN110926110B (en) 2019-12-10 2019-12-10 Camellia seed drying equipment

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN110926110A CN110926110A (en) 2020-03-27
CN110926110B true CN110926110B (en) 2021-08-06

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ID=69859447

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201911257443.8A Active CN110926110B (en) 2019-12-10 2019-12-10 Camellia seed drying equipment

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4776267A (en) * 1987-03-25 1988-10-11 Harris James I Apparatus for irradiating foodstuffs with ultraviolet rays
CN102178328A (en) * 2011-04-08 2011-09-14 张聪 Shape cutting method for pericarp and hulls of fruits and device for realizing method
CN104223323A (en) * 2014-09-03 2014-12-24 临安市华安设备承装有限公司 Nut slotting machine
CN104385132A (en) * 2014-10-24 2015-03-04 苏州速腾电子科技有限公司 Polishing device used for workpiece
CN106737899A (en) * 2017-03-10 2017-05-31 内蒙古工业大学 A kind of nut automatic cutting equipment
CN207285107U (en) * 2017-08-02 2018-05-01 三峡大学 A kind of Chinese chestnut notching device

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4776267A (en) * 1987-03-25 1988-10-11 Harris James I Apparatus for irradiating foodstuffs with ultraviolet rays
CN102178328A (en) * 2011-04-08 2011-09-14 张聪 Shape cutting method for pericarp and hulls of fruits and device for realizing method
CN104223323A (en) * 2014-09-03 2014-12-24 临安市华安设备承装有限公司 Nut slotting machine
CN104385132A (en) * 2014-10-24 2015-03-04 苏州速腾电子科技有限公司 Polishing device used for workpiece
CN106737899A (en) * 2017-03-10 2017-05-31 内蒙古工业大学 A kind of nut automatic cutting equipment
CN207285107U (en) * 2017-08-02 2018-05-01 三峡大学 A kind of Chinese chestnut notching device

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