CN103658116A - Non-contact solar cell panel cleaning device - Google Patents

Non-contact solar cell panel cleaning device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103658116A
CN103658116A CN201310609090.XA CN201310609090A CN103658116A CN 103658116 A CN103658116 A CN 103658116A CN 201310609090 A CN201310609090 A CN 201310609090A CN 103658116 A CN103658116 A CN 103658116A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
solar cell
cell panel
nozzle
lance holder
pressure
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Granted
Application number
CN201310609090.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103658116B (en
Inventor
何卓钦
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WUHAN ZHUOCHENG PHOTOVOLTAIC NEW ENERGY CO., LTD.
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WUHAN ZHUOCHENG ELECTRONIC MATERIAL CENTER
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Priority to CN201310609090.XA priority Critical patent/CN103658116B/en
Publication of CN103658116A publication Critical patent/CN103658116A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103658116B publication Critical patent/CN103658116B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/02Cleaning by the force of jets or sprays
    • B08B3/024Cleaning by means of spray elements moving over the surface to be cleaned
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B5/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of air flow or gas flow
    • B08B5/02Cleaning by the force of jets, e.g. blowing-out cavities

Abstract

The invention discloses a non-contact solar cell panel cleaning device, and relates to solar cell panel cleaning devices. The non-contact solar cell panel cleaning device comprises a movable device (1) and a cleaning device (2) arranged on the movable device (1). The cleaning device (2) comprises a supporting mechanism (3) and a cleaning mechanism (4) connected with the supporting mechanism (3). The cleaning mechanism (4) comprises a plurality of spray pipe supports (5) arranged at intervals and a fixing mechanism (6) which connects the spray pipe supports (5) into a whole, high pressure spray pipes (14) are arranged on the spray pipe supports (5), cleaning agents used for cleaning a solar cell panel (7) are contained in the high pressure spray pipes (14), spray holes (15) which are formed at intervals are formed in each high pressure spray pipe (14), each spray hole (15) is connected with a spray nozzle (16), and the cleaning agents are sprayed onto the solar cell panel (7) through the spray nozzles (16). When the solar cell panel is cleaned through the non-contact solar cell panel cleaning device, the cleaning mechanism does not need to make contact with the solar cell panel, and therefore the solar cell panel can be effectively protected.

Description

Contactless solar cell panel cleaning equipment
Technical field
The present invention relates to solar panel cleaning equipment, specifically a kind of contactless solar cell panel cleaning equipment.
Background technology
Solar energy is a kind of emerging green energy resource, because it is clean, efficiently, never exhaustion and be not subject to region resource limitation, therefore have safe and reliable, noiseless, pollution-free, be subject to restriction less, the advantage such as failure rate is low, easy maintenance, can be widely used in the every field of social life.Grid-connected photovoltaic system particularly, the direct current that photovoltaic array can be produced through combining inverter be converted to the same amplitude of line voltage, with frequently, the alternating current of homophase, and being connected of realization and electrical network.Under the vigorously supporting of national policy, the large-sized photovoltaic power plant construction of tens megawatts megawatts even up to a hundred, power plant's quantity of generating electricity by way of merging two or more grid systems are just increasing.
Solar panel is in photovoltaic plant for what generate electricity, to be substantially the most also most important mechanism, and the intensity of illumination of the sunshine that it receives directly affects the power output of solar panel.But at present, the photovoltaic plant having put into operation is faced with the problem that solar panel surface is covered by dirts such as accumulated snow, dust, birds droppings, and the effective sunlight that can cause arriving cell panel after solar panel surface attachment dirt reduces because of diffuse reflection, thereby the power output of solar panel is obviously declined, generated energy reduces, if solar panel can not get cleaning for a long time, must cause huge economic loss to the photovoltaic plant having generated electricity by way of merging two or more grid systems.
At present, the mounting means of solar panel has two kinds, i.e. solar energy fixed installation mode and solar energy sun-following tracking system mounting means.Solar energy fixed installation mode is about to solar panel fixed installation (bottom of general solar panel is apart from ground 20-30cm) and in a certain angle with ground on the ground, is generally 38 °; The relative solar energy fixed installation of solar energy sun-following tracking system mounting means mode, solar panel height is overhead higher, reaches as high as more than 10 meters, and larger with the angle on ground, be generally greater than 38 °.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the utility model patent that denomination of invention is " a kind of solar panel cleaning equipment " has been recorded a kind of solar panel cleaning equipment, and described cleaning equipment also can clean solar panel effectively; During cleaning, cleaning equipment is first by the high-pressure water being sprayed by nozzle, solar panel tentatively to be cleaned, and then uses brush further to clean solar panel, finally by high-pressure air source, solar panel is brushed again.
Because wiper mechanism just arranges a nozzle in mid-stent, thereby make high-pressure water or the high-pressure air source of cleaning equipment ejection less, area coverage is few, and then not only makes the operating efficiency of cleaning equipment lower, and cleaning performance is unsatisfactory; Simultaneously, above-mentioned cleaning equipment is directly to be contacted and realized the further cleaning of solar panel by bristle and solar panel, because the situation of unbalance stress easily appears in bristle when contacting with solar panel, thereby make solar panel easily broken when cleaning, be therefore necessary to improve.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is in order to overcome the weak point of background technology, and a kind of contactless solar cell panel cleaning equipment is provided.
To achieve these goals, technical scheme of the present invention is: contactless solar cell panel cleaning equipment, comprise movable fixture and be arranged on the cleaning device on movable fixture, cleaning device comprises supporting mechanism and the wiper mechanism being connected with described supporting mechanism, it is characterized in that: described wiper mechanism comprises a plurality of spaced apart lance holders, and described a plurality of lance holders are connected into a whole fixed mechanism, high-pressure nozzle is installed on lance holder, the in-built cleansing medium that solar panel is cleaned that is useful on of high-pressure nozzle, high-pressure nozzle is provided with a plurality of spaced apart spray orifices, on spray orifice, be connected with nozzle, cleansing medium by nozzle ejection to solar panel.
The present invention is that the fan-shaped cleansing medium with high impact forces that sprays by nozzle is realized the cleaning of solar panel.In practical work process, high-pressure hydraulic pump and/or high-pressure pump obtain power from engine, can stablize output High-Pressure Water and/or high pressure draught, and be sent to each high pressure nozzle by multichannel part flow arrangement.The exportable fan-shaped high-pressure water mist of nozzle and/or high-pressure aerial fog, effectively infiltration and moistening cell panel are surperficial, thereby reach the effect of split cell plate surface contaminants.The present invention simultaneously can not cause damage to cell panel surface.
In technique scheme, described lance holder is comprised of a plurality of spaced apart nozzle section supports, between adjacent nozzle section support, is provided with node, and nozzle section support and node are hinged.
Lance holder is divided into after a plurality of spaced apart nozzle section supports, and staff can fold lance holder, thus convenient depositing lance holder.
In technique scheme, described adjacent and be arranged between two nodes on different lance holders and be connected with folded sheet, folding motor is installed on folded sheet, between adjacent folded sheet, be connected with location-plate, positioning support is installed on location-plate, and described positioning support and supporting mechanism are rotationally connected.
Folding motor can be realized the electric foldable of lance holder, thereby makes the folding lance holder that staff can be convenient.Positioning support on location-plate can make that wiper mechanism is convenient to be firmly arranged on supporting mechanism.
In technique scheme, also comprise protective cover, described a plurality of lance holders are installed in the inside of protective cover, between protective cover and supporting mechanism for being rotationally connected.
Protective cover can make the high-pressure water and/or the high-pressure air source that from high-pressure nozzle, spray concentrate on a region, thereby makes operating efficiency of the present invention higher.
In technique scheme, described a plurality of lance holder comprises the first lance holder and the second lance holder, interruption-like being arranged in parallel between the first lance holder and the second lance holder, described fixed structure comprises the first fixed bar and the second fixed bar of being located at the first lance holder two ends, between described the first lance holder, the second lance holder, the first fixed bar and the second fixed bar, can be assembled into a quadrangle.
The number of lance holder can suitably increase according to actual conditions, and the number of backstay also can suitably increase.As in order to improve cleaning performance of the present invention, the three or more lance holders that are arranged in parallel can be set, many backstays can be set.
In technique scheme, cleansing medium in described high-pressure nozzle is high-pressure water or high-pressure air source, the first lance holder is positioned at the place ahead of the second lance holder, in high-pressure nozzle on the first lance holder, high-pressure water is housed, high-pressure water or high-pressure air source are housed in the high-pressure nozzle on the second lance holder.
High-pressure water can be realized the cleaning to solar panel, and high-pressure air source can be blown off by the dirt of high-pressure water separation, and meanwhile, high-pressure air source can also be dried cell panel in the dirt that blows off, and prevents from staying washmarking.
In technique scheme, on described the first fixed bar and/or the second fixed bar, range sensor is installed, described range sensor is one or more in radar sensor, infrared ray sensor and ultrasonic sensor.
Service range sensor carries out precision distance measurement, makes cleaning systems be in all the time optimum Working.This system range finding result shows in real time at driver's cabin, can make to clean assembly and cell panel in optimal spacing and in parastate.
In technique scheme, described supporting mechanism comprises telescopic secondary cantilever, and the rotating main boom being connected on movable fixture, and secondary cantilever one end and main boom are hinged, is ball and is connected between the secondary cantilever other end and wiper mechanism.
In technique scheme, described movable fixture is car body, and the trailing wheel of described car body is triangle Athey wheel.
Car body is to be walked by rear-guard track drive, preposition wheeled guiding, and oversize tyre and ground contact surface, make Vehicle Driving Cycle steady.Use triangle Athey wheel, guarantee that vehicle travels steadily under the working environments such as snowfield, stone ground, Gobi desert, desertification ground, thereby guarantee work quality, increase work efficiency.
In technique scheme, the length of described lance holder is 3.5~5m.
To sum up, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the present invention is in the process that solar panel is cleaned, and wiper mechanism does not need to contact with solar panel, thereby can realize the effective protection to solar panel.The present invention's efficient quick more when cleaning, and cleaning effect is better, not only has the advantages such as energy-conserving and environment-protective, highly versatile, and the solar panel after cleaning can be brought into play maximum generating efficiency.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the syndeton schematic diagram of wiper mechanism and supporting mechanism.
Fig. 3 is the syndeton schematic diagram of lance holder, fixed mechanism, folded sheet, folding motor and positioning support.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of protective cover.
Fig. 5 is the syndeton schematic diagram of lance holder, high-pressure nozzle, nozzle and spray orifice.
1-movable fixture in figure, 1a-car body, 1b-triangle Athey wheel, 1c-crawler driving whell, 2-cleaning device, 3-supporting mechanism, 3a-main boom, the secondary cantilever of 3b-, 4-wiper mechanism, 5-lance holder, 5a-nozzle section support, node between 5b-nozzle section support, 5c-the first lance holder, 5d-the second lance holder, 6-fixed mechanism, 6a-the first fixed bar, 6b-the second fixed bar, 7-solar panel, 8-folded sheet, 9-location-plate, 10-positioning support, 11-stent support seat, 12-range sensor, 13-folds motor, 14-high-pressure nozzle, 15-spray orifice, 16-nozzle, 17-protective cover.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, describe performance of the present invention in detail, but they do not form limitation of the invention, only for example.By explanation, make advantage of the present invention more know and easily understand simultaneously.
Consult accompanying drawing known: contactless solar cell panel cleaning equipment, comprise movable fixture 1 and be arranged on the cleaning device 2 on movable fixture 1, cleaning device 2 comprises supporting mechanism 3 and the wiper mechanism 4 being connected with described supporting mechanism 3.
Described movable fixture 1 is car body 1a, and the trailing wheel of described car body 1a is triangle Athey wheel 1b.On described car body 1a, rotating shaft (not shown in figure 1) is installed, main boom 3a is fixed in rotating shaft, rotating shaft includes rotating shaft hydraulic motor (not shown in figure 1), fluid motor-driven rotating shaft is rotated, the rotational angle range of rotating shaft can make main boom 3a swing in the angular range of 0 °-180 ° with respect to car body 1a just, thereby can make main boom 3a freely swing to left side or right side or the place ahead of car body 1a.Described supporting mechanism 3 comprises telescopic secondary cantilever 3b, and the rotating main boom 3a being connected on movable fixture 1, and secondary cantilever 3b one end and main boom 3a are hinged, is ball and is connected between the secondary cantilever 3b other end and wiper mechanism 4.
Described secondary cantilever 3b inside is provided with cantilever liquid compressing cylinder (not marking in figure), described secondary cantilever 3b comprises cylinder body (not marking in figure) and piston rod (not marking in figure) that can relative motion, cantilever liquid compressing cylinder piston rod does reciprocating linear motion, so that the relative main boom 3a of the length of secondary cantilever 3b is extending or shortening, thereby make the total length of supporting mechanism 3 adjustable, for cleaning and the solar panel 7 of vehicle in diverse location place.
Described wiper mechanism 4 comprises a plurality of spaced apart lance holders 5, and described a plurality of lance holders 5 are connected into a whole fixed mechanism 6, in lance holder 5, high-pressure nozzle is installed, the in-built cleansing medium that solar panel 7 is cleaned that is useful on of high-pressure nozzle, high-pressure nozzle 5 is provided with a plurality of spaced apart spray orifices 15 in the side near solar panel 7, on spray orifice 15, be connected with nozzle 16, cleansing medium is ejected on solar panel 7 by nozzle 16.
In practical work process, the number of lance holder 5 can suitably increase according to actual conditions, and the number of backstay also can suitably increase.As in order to improve cleaning performance of the present invention, the three or more lance holders that are arranged in parallel 5 can be set, more backstays can be set.
As from the foregoing, wiper mechanism 4 not only can rotate around main boom 3a with secondary cantilever 3b, thereby makes wiper mechanism 4 can adapt to the solar panel of different setting angles; Meanwhile, secondary cantilever 3b can move up and down around main boom 3a, and wiper mechanism 4 is highly adjustable to adapt to the solar panel of different setting height(from bottom)s; Finally, wiper mechanism 4 also can be done elastic motion with secondary cantilever 3b, thereby can regulate the distance between wiper mechanism 4 and solar panel 7.
Described wiper mechanism 4 comprises a plurality of spaced apart lance holders 5, and described a plurality of lance holders 5 are connected into a whole fixed mechanism 6, in lance holder 5, high-pressure nozzle is installed, the in-built cleansing medium that solar panel is cleaned that is useful on of high-pressure nozzle, high-pressure nozzle is provided with a plurality of spaced apart spray orifices in the side near solar panel, on spray orifice, be connected with nozzle, cleansing medium by nozzle ejection to solar panel 7.
Described lance holder 5 is comprised of a plurality of spaced apart nozzle section support 5a, between adjacent nozzle section support 5a, is provided with node 5b, and nozzle section support 5a and node 5b are hinged.
Adjacent and be arranged between two node 5b on different lance holders 5 and be connected with folded sheet 8, folding motor 13 is installed on folded sheet 8, between adjacent folded sheet 8, be connected with location-plate 9, positioning support 10 is installed on location-plate 9, described positioning support 10 is rotationally connected with supporting mechanism 3.
Also comprise protective cover 17, described a plurality of lance holders 5 are installed in the inside of protective cover 17, between described connection protective cover 17 and supporting mechanism 3 for being rotationally connected.
In practical work process, the stent support seat 11 corresponding with positioning support 10 can be installed on protective cover 17, protective cover 17 can be rotationally connected by stent support seat 11 and supporting mechanism 3.
In practical work process, the axis of secondary cantilever 3b is perpendicular to lance holder 5 place planes, secondary cantilever contains bracket hydraulic motor (not marking in figure), and the middle part of lance holder 5 is arranged on the top of secondary cantilever 3b and is fixedly connected with the bracket hydraulic motor in secondary cantilever 3b.Under the driving of described bracket hydraulic motor, lance holder 5 can be around 360 ° of rotations of secondary cantilever.When lance holder 5 rotates, the high-pressure nozzle on lance holder also rotates thereupon, thereby can change the effective cleaning width of high-pressure nozzle on solar panel, to adapt to the cleaning of the solar panel of different in width.
Described wiper mechanism 4 comprises a plurality of spaced apart lance holders 5, and described a plurality of lance holders 5 are connected into a whole fixed mechanism 6, high-pressure nozzle 14 is installed on lance holder 5, the in-built cleansing medium that solar panel is cleaned that is useful on of high-pressure nozzle 14, high-pressure nozzle 14 is provided with a plurality of spaced apart spray orifices 15, on spray orifice 15, be connected with nozzle 16, cleansing medium is ejected on solar panel 7 by nozzle 16.
Cleansing medium in described high-pressure nozzle 5 is high-pressure water or high-pressure air source, the first lance holder 5c is positioned at the place ahead of the second lance holder 5d, in high-pressure nozzle on the first lance holder 5c, high-pressure water is housed, in the high-pressure nozzle on the second lance holder 5d, high-pressure water or high-pressure air source is housed.
Owing to the invention provides two kinds of different cleansing mediums, therefore two kinds of cleansing mediums can be combined solar panel surface is cleaned, also according to circumstances choice for use wherein any one cleansing medium clean, such as can cleaning by the different cleansing medium of choice for use in different seasons: clean when temperature can be used water under high pressure when zero degrees celsius is above, when can being used gases at high pressure below zero degrees celsius or while having accumulated snow, cleans temperature, so that this solar panel cleaning equipment at any time all can effectively be brought into play cleaning function.
In practical work process, high-pressure water and high-pressure air source flow to high-pressure nozzle by ducted water pipe and tracheae.Described high-pressure water is produced by high-pressure hydraulic pump (not marking in figure) and water tank (not marking in figure), described water tank is arranged in car body 1a, water tank adopts large capacity tank, water in water tank forms high-pressure water after high-pressure hydraulic pump, described high-pressure water arrives high-pressure nozzle 5 after pipeline, and ejection from nozzle 16, so that high pressure water washing is carried out in solar panel surface; Described high-pressure air source comprises high-pressure pump (not marking in figure), high-pressure pump can be air compressor, air compressor is arranged in car body 1a, gases at high pressure in air compressor reach high-pressure nozzle 5 after pipeline, and ejection from nozzle 16, so that being carried out to high pressure draught, solar panel surface brushes.
In practical work process, the present invention can also arrange pressure sensor (not marking in figure) on lance holder 5, pressure sensor the operating pressure that can detect high-pressure water and high-pressure air source is set.Pressure driver is sent to controlling organization by detected pressure signal by holding wire, make whole cleaning equipment become a closed-loop control system, guarantee that high-pressure water and high-pressure air source are all the time in regulation operating pressure state, thereby avoid in cleaning process because of the excessive damage solar panel of pressure.
On described the first fixed bar 6a and/or the second fixed bar 6b, range sensor 12 is installed, described range sensor 12 is one or more in radar sensor, infrared ray sensor or ultrasonic sensor.
Described movable fixture 1 is car body 1a, and the trailing wheel of described car body 1a is triangle Athey wheel 1b.In practical work process, triangle Athey wheel 1b is by being arranged on track drive wheel drive on car body 1a.
The length of described lance holder 5 is 3.5~5m.
In practical work process, staff can be arranged on controlling organization in the driver's cabin of car body 1a, so that operator's operation.Controlling organization comprises the control of the various movement executing mechanisms in equipment (as various hydraulic jacks and hydraulic motor) and the control of some other associated components, and the control model of controlling organization comprises manual mode and operational mode automatically.Because above-mentioned movement executing mechanism all adopts hydraulic mechanism, therefore, controlling organization includes hydraulic multitandem valve, so that the various movement executing mechanisms in this cleaning device are controlled, described hydraulic multitandem valve respectively with rotating shaft hydraulic motor, main boom 3a, secondary cantilever 3b, turn brush hydraulic motor, expansion link hydraulic motor, bracket hydraulic motor is connected, oil circuit in above-mentioned these movement executing mechanisms is communicated with, and the high-pressure oil pump of the hydraulic oil in oil circuit in car body supplied with.When controlling, manual operation hydraulic multitandem valve is controlled rotating shaft and is rotated, thereby can automatically regulate the rotational angle of cantilever, controlling cantilever liquid compressing cylinder can make secondary cantilever 3b with respect to main boom 3a, extend or retract, control hydraulic jack and make secondary cantilever 3b elongate or shorten to control elongation and the retraction of lance holder 5, thereby make high-pressure nozzle in this cleaning device be positioned at accurately a certain position with solar panel Surface Contact; Controlling cantilever liquid compressing cylinder can make secondary cantilever 3b move up and down with respect to main boom 3a, control hydraulic jack and secondary cantilever 3b is raise or reduce to control the height of lance holder 5, thereby make high-pressure nozzle in this cleaning device be positioned at accurately a certain position with solar panel Surface Contact; By controlling bracket hydraulic motor, thereby make this cleaning device obtain the suitable width contacting with solar panel.
After whole cleaning equipment operates steadily, can be automatic operational mode by control mode switch, now, sensor feeds back to control centre by the multi-signal sensing, make a closed loop connected system of the common formation of hydraulic multitandem valve and each movement executing mechanism, so that this solar panel cleaning equipment can clean with optimum Working on solar panel surface, avoid damaging solar panel in cleaning process.Meanwhile, the opening and closing of high-pressure hydraulic pump and air compressor are also controlled by hydraulic pressure or magnetic valve.
In practical work process, because adopting main boom 3a, the secondary cantilever 3b of secondary cantilever, supporting mechanism 4 of the present invention jointly completes the location to wiper mechanism, make height and the angle of lance holder 5 in wiper mechanism all adjustable, thereby this cleaning equipment is not only suitable for the solar panel of the mode that fixedly mounts, be also applicable to the solar panel of solar tracking tracking system mounting means.
The present invention can be exclusively used in the solar panel in photovoltaic generation factory is cleaned.Because this solar panel cleaning Vehicle can fast and easy move, therefore can complete efficiently the cleaning of large-area solar panel, thereby make the solar panel after cleaning bring into play maximum generated output, and reduce production costs.
Here it should be understood that, controlling organization in the present embodiment is not limited to adopt hydraulic multitandem valve, movement executing mechanism wherein is also not limited to adopt hydraulic cylinder or hydraulic motor, any controlling organization that is applicable to this cleaning device can adopt electric machine control system, and movement executing mechanism wherein can correspondingly adopt electric rotating machine or stepper motor.
The present invention drives cleaning device 2 to move to after correct position by car body 1a, can square formation be installed to certain solar panel and clean, and operation principle and operating procedure that it is concrete are as follows:
1. by controlling the rotational angle of rotating shaft with the position of adjusting main boom 3a, make the working face of main boom 3a and solar panel to be cleaned substantially be in same plane;
2. by controlling boom cylinder to regulate the length of secondary cantilever 3b, by controlling expansion link hydraulic motor, regulate secondary cantilever 3b with respect to the anglec of rotation of main boom 3a, and by controlling hydraulic cylinder to regulate the collapsing length of secondary cantilever 3b.By controlling hydraulic jack, regulate secondary cantilever 3b with respect to the angle of main boom 3a, by above-mentioned control and adjustment process, finally cleaning brush 11 can be positioned on solar panel surface to be cleaned accurately.
3. controlling bracket hydraulic motor, is suitable mutually with the vertical height of solar panel by effective cleaning Height Adjustment of this cleaning device mesohigh jet pipe, adjusts high-pressure nozzle, and the relative solar panel vertical center line of its center line is tilted 15 °-45 °; Open high-pressure hydraulic pump and/or air compressor, open gentle road, water route control valve, can clean solar panel surface.
For can further instruction advantage of the present invention, existing existing technical scheme and technical scheme of the present invention be contrasted.
The large-sized photovoltaic power station that is 20MW for a design capacity, it comprises that more than 80,000 block assemblies form, its area approximately has 130,000 m 2, the time that can clean every day is for the period is total to approximately 6 hours sooner or later.
When use is manually cleaned: calculate by optimal situation, containing preparation time, cleaning means time etc.Everyone is average cleaning 1.5m per minute 2, 90m capable of washing per hour 2, every day is with regard to 540m capable of washing 2.Whole cleaning requires to complete at 15 days, and the number of work needing is: 130000/540/15=16 people.The photo-voltaic power generation station of a 20MW completes once to clean needs 16 people to work every day 6 hours, within 15 days, just can complete.
When using the present invention to clean: by actual conditions calculating, comprise preparation time, water intaking time etc. back and forth.Cleaning Vehicle travel speed 50-150 rice per minute, by 50 meters of calculating of walking per minute, the area of cleaning is: 50 meters of * 2*1.6=160m 2, per hour: 160*60 minute * 6 hours=57600m 2, clean complete power station needs: 130000/57600=2.3 days, add that the time of other situation consumption only needs 3 days just can complete whole cleanings, i.e. whole cleaning only needs a staff and a set of cleaning equipment.
Existing technical scheme and comparing result of the present invention are as follows:
The comparing result of the present invention and prior art is known, and the present invention can make the operation maintenance efficiency of photo-voltaic power generation station be greatly improved, and cost is declined to a great extent, and makes photovoltaic plant obtain all the time higher generated energy.
Other unaccounted part all belongs to prior art.

Claims (10)

1. contactless solar cell panel cleaning equipment, comprise movable fixture (1) and be arranged on the cleaning device (2) on movable fixture (1), cleaning device (2) comprises supporting mechanism (3) and the wiper mechanism (4) being connected with described supporting mechanism (3), it is characterized in that: described wiper mechanism (4) comprises a plurality of spaced apart lance holders (5), and described a plurality of lance holders (5) are connected into a whole fixed mechanism (6), high-pressure nozzle (14) is installed on lance holder (5), the in-built cleansing medium that solar panel (7) is cleaned that is useful on of high-pressure nozzle (14), high-pressure nozzle (14) is provided with a plurality of spaced apart spray orifices (15), on spray orifice (15), be connected with nozzle (16), cleansing medium is ejected on solar panel (7) by nozzle (16).
2. contactless solar cell panel cleaning equipment according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described lance holder (5) is comprised of a plurality of spaced apart nozzle section supports (5a), between adjacent nozzle section support (5a), be provided with node (5b), nozzle section support (5a) is hinged with node (5b).
3. contactless solar cell panel cleaning equipment according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described adjacent and be arranged between two nodes (5b) on different lance holders (5) and be connected with folded sheet (8), folding motor (13) is installed on folded sheet (8), between adjacent folded sheet (8), be connected with location-plate (9), positioning support (10) is installed on location-plate (9), and described positioning support (10) is rotationally connected with supporting mechanism (3).
4. according to the contactless solar cell panel cleaning equipment described in any one claim in claims 1 to 3; it is characterized in that: also comprise protective cover (17); described a plurality of lance holder (5) is installed in the inside of protective cover (17), between protective cover (17) and supporting mechanism (3) for being rotationally connected.
5. according to the contactless solar cell panel cleaning equipment described in any one claim in claims 1 to 3, it is characterized in that: described a plurality of lance holders (5) comprise the first lance holder (5c) and the second lance holder (5d), the first lance holder (5c) and the second lance holder (5d) spaced and parallel are arranged, described fixed structure (6) comprises the first fixed bar (6a) and the second fixed bar (6b) of being located at the first lance holder (5c) two ends, described the first lance holder (5c), the second lance holder (5d), between the first fixed bar (6a) and the second fixed bar (6b), can be assembled into a quadrangle.
6. contactless solar cell panel cleaning equipment according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: the cleansing medium in described high-pressure nozzle is high-pressure water or high-pressure air source, the first lance holder (5c) is positioned at the place ahead of the second lance holder (5d), in high-pressure nozzle on the first lance holder (5c), high-pressure water is housed, in the high-pressure nozzle on the second lance holder (5d), high-pressure water or high-pressure air source is housed.
7. contactless solar cell panel cleaning equipment according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: on described the first fixed bar (6a) and/or the second fixed bar (6b), range sensor (12) is installed, described range sensor (12) is one or more in radar sensor, infrared ray sensor and ultrasonic sensor.
8. according to the contactless solar cell panel cleaning equipment described in any one claim in claims 1 to 3, it is characterized in that: described supporting mechanism (3) comprises telescopic secondary cantilever (3b), and the rotating main boom (3a) being connected on movable fixture (1), secondary cantilever (3b) one end and main boom (3a) are hinged, be ball and be connected between secondary cantilever (3b) other end and wiper mechanism (4).
9. according to the contactless solar cell panel cleaning equipment described in any one claim in claims 1 to 3, it is characterized in that: described movable fixture (1) is car body (1a), and the trailing wheel of described car body (1a) is triangle Athey wheel (1b).
10. according to the contactless solar cell panel cleaning equipment described in any one claim in claims 1 to 3, it is characterized in that: the length of described lance holder (5) is 3.5~5m.
CN201310609090.XA 2013-11-26 2013-11-26 Contactless solar cell panel cleaning equipment Expired - Fee Related CN103658116B (en)

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CN201310609090.XA CN103658116B (en) 2013-11-26 2013-11-26 Contactless solar cell panel cleaning equipment

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310609090.XA CN103658116B (en) 2013-11-26 2013-11-26 Contactless solar cell panel cleaning equipment

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CN103658116A true CN103658116A (en) 2014-03-26
CN103658116B CN103658116B (en) 2016-08-17

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CN103986411A (en) * 2014-05-05 2014-08-13 山东交通学院 Multifunctional solar cell panel washing trolley
CN104138883A (en) * 2014-07-05 2014-11-12 北京安必信金属制品有限公司 Supporting arm device for cleaning equipment of photovoltaic power station component
CN104506127A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-04-08 王琛 Noncontact type high-pressure cleaning vehicle
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CN106256450A (en) * 2016-05-26 2016-12-28 衢州职业技术学院 Photovoltaic module automatic cleaning system
CN109718974A (en) * 2019-03-01 2019-05-07 3M中国有限公司 Photovoltaic anti-gray coating robot
CN110369373A (en) * 2019-08-01 2019-10-25 台州路桥博仁环保设备有限公司 A kind of photovoltaic panel automatic cleaning apparatus
US10749464B2 (en) 2017-06-29 2020-08-18 Sterling Twisselman Vehicular systems and methods for cleaning photovoltaic panels

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CN103986411A (en) * 2014-05-05 2014-08-13 山东交通学院 Multifunctional solar cell panel washing trolley
CN104138883A (en) * 2014-07-05 2014-11-12 北京安必信金属制品有限公司 Supporting arm device for cleaning equipment of photovoltaic power station component
CN104138883B (en) * 2014-07-05 2017-05-10 北京安必信金属制品有限公司 Supporting arm device for cleaning equipment of photovoltaic power station component
CN105618427A (en) * 2014-10-31 2016-06-01 中国电力工程顾问集团华北电力设计院工程有限公司 Cleaning machine
CN104506127A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-04-08 王琛 Noncontact type high-pressure cleaning vehicle
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CN104669300A (en) * 2015-01-23 2015-06-03 太原重工股份有限公司 Mechanical arm
CN105772424A (en) * 2016-03-23 2016-07-20 中国神华能源股份有限公司 Cleaning device
CN105772424B (en) * 2016-03-23 2019-04-30 中国神华能源股份有限公司 Cleaning device
CN106256450A (en) * 2016-05-26 2016-12-28 衢州职业技术学院 Photovoltaic module automatic cleaning system
CN106256450B (en) * 2016-05-26 2018-05-11 衢州职业技术学院 Photovoltaic module automatic cleaning system
US10749464B2 (en) 2017-06-29 2020-08-18 Sterling Twisselman Vehicular systems and methods for cleaning photovoltaic panels
CN109718974A (en) * 2019-03-01 2019-05-07 3M中国有限公司 Photovoltaic anti-gray coating robot
CN110369373A (en) * 2019-08-01 2019-10-25 台州路桥博仁环保设备有限公司 A kind of photovoltaic panel automatic cleaning apparatus

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