CN103636383A - Method for planting foxtail millet with long growth period in alpine regions - Google Patents

Method for planting foxtail millet with long growth period in alpine regions Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103636383A
CN103636383A CN201310645321.2A CN201310645321A CN103636383A CN 103636383 A CN103636383 A CN 103636383A CN 201310645321 A CN201310645321 A CN 201310645321A CN 103636383 A CN103636383 A CN 103636383A
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time
sowing
millet
soil
weeds
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王安宪
王凯
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王凯
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Abstract

The invention discloses a method for planting foxtail millet with a long growth period in alpine regions and relates to foxtail millet planting methods. The method comprises the steps of washing the foxtail millet with the long growth period for three times; mixing seeds of the foxtail millet with farm chemicals; drying the seeds in sunlight for 2-3 days; sowing in 10 days before a freeze-up period; conducting fine tillage, raking and leveling land before sowing, wherein the depth is 18-22cm, the number of seeds for each mu is 1-1.5 jin, and the number of seed holes for each mu is 6000-6200; using a heavy drill barrow stone roller to press after sowing, and continually rolling with the stone roller and pressing when spring moisture in soil is not good in the second year; thinning when three or four leaves grow on each millet seedling, reserving 3-4 seedlings in each hole, wherein 19000-21000 seedlings are reserved in each mu; intertilling and hoeing for three times, wherein hoeing seedling fixing, hoeing soil loosening and hoeing soil ridging are sequentially conducted; additionally fertilizing in the elongation stage for the first time, and additionally fertilizing before head sprouting for the second time; harvesting from the last phase of the dough stage to the full ripening stage. The method for planting millet in winter can resist to drought and cold and is a new way for foxtail millet farmers in north alpine regions to develop the foxtail millet industry.

Description

Breeding time, large millet was at the implantation methods of high and cold area
Technical field
The present invention relates to the implantation methods of millet, be specifically related to breeding time large millet at the implantation methods of high and cold area.
Background technology
Northern China most areas belongs to high and cold High-cold regions, frost-free season is many below 120 days, annual rainfall is little, proportion of crop planting kind selectivity is little, variety of crops for some high yield and high quality, because can not introduce breeding time greatly, the development of agricultural production and the raising of peasant economy benefit have seriously been restricted.In the north, occurred thus large-scale industrialized agriculture, but because industrialized agriculture investment is large, be not suitable for solving large area plant of grain crops, and ploughed because high and cold area mostly is slope, suitable promoted extension is very limited.
Millet shell after for millet, nutritive value is very high, is weak and sickly, puerpera and child's good nourishing non-defective unit.Along with socioeconomic development, there is variation in people's diet structure, increasing to the demand of millet.
Short millet breeding time is generally planted in northern China high and cold area, is to sow in spring, autumn results, but breeding time short millet ubiquity mouthfeel poor, quality is low, the defect that yields poorly.Therefore, how realizing the millet of planting large fine quality breeding time in high and cold area, improve the agricultural economy of high and cold area, improve peasant economy benefit, is that high and cold area needs the problem solving all the time.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of breeding time large millet at the implantation methods of high and cold area.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:
Breeding time, large millet was at the implantation methods of high and cold area, and step is:
(1) seed treatment: select the millet of large kind breeding time, first remove not plump seed with clear water, then float full seed with salt solution, then use the clear water desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching, then, with agricultural chemicals seed dressing, 2-3 days then basks seeds;
(2) sowing: sowing in freeze-up first 10 days, before sowing, carry out intensive cultivation, rake a kind of farm tools, the degree of depth is 18-22cm, and mu sowing quantity is 1-1.5 jin, and mu is planted 6000-6200 cave;
(3) fertilising: ram the loose soil with a stone-roller after sowing suppression with heavy an animal-drawn seed plough after sowing, play and hold the operation of protecting winter moisture in the soil, when the Second Year spring, moisture in the soil was bad, continues an animal-drawn seed plough and ram the loose soil with a stone-roller after sowing suppression, prevent and treat spring breeze and alter moisture in the soil;
(4) thinning: carry out thinning when millet grows to 3-4 sheet leaf, seedling 3-4 strain is stayed in every cave, mu stays seedling 19000-21000 strain;
(5) hoe up weeds: cultivation uproot 3 times, the final singling of hoeing up weeds for the first time, hoes up weeds and loosens the soil for the second time, the ridging of hoeing up weeds for the third time;
(6) topdress: in the shooting stage, coordinate and hoe up weeds and topdress for the first time for the second time, before heading, topdress for the second time, the total amount of topdressing for twice is 30-50 pound/acre;
(7) results: gather in the crops in wax ripeness latter stage to full ripening stage.
Further, the breeding time of selection, large kind was to be greater than the growing area kind of 15 days frost-free seasons breeding time.
Further, described breeding time, large kind was Shanxi paddy No. 21.
The present invention is applicable to large kind breeding time, is particularly useful for being greater than breeding time the growing area kind of 15 days frost-free seasons; Sowing time GPRS, in freeze-up first 10 days, is generally October 25 to October 30, crosses before planting early enough easily causes the winter and germinates, sowing is better with farm animal driven sowing implement, and mu consumption is at 1-1.5 jin, and mu is planted 600-6200 cave, seed can not be soaked seed, vexed kind, can not create the condition of Seed sprouting; Before sowing, must carry out intensive cultivation, rake a kind of farm tools, tilth is best with 20cm, should not be excessively dark, and after sowing, must adopt heavily an animal-drawn seed plough to ram the loose soil with a stone-roller after sowing suppression, thereby play, hold the effect of protecting winter moisture in the soil, if Second Year spring moisture in the soil is bad, can draw again an animal-drawn seed plough to ram the loose soil with a stone-roller after sowing suppression, control spring breeze is altered moisture in the soil; Seedling 3-4 strain is stayed in every cave, and this is better than the raw ventilation and penetrating light of individual plant because of clustering, and mu stays seedling to determine according to water and fertilizer condition, generally in 20000 strains left and right; Cultivation uproot need carry out 3 times, and the final singling of hoeing up weeds for the first time, hoes up weeds and loosen the soil for the second time, the ridging of hoeing up weeds for the third time; Topdress and will carry out twice, for the first time in the shooting stage, coordinate intertillage to loosen the soil and carry out, for the second time before heading, guarantee the required nutrient of grouting, the total amount of topdressing for twice is 30-50 pound/acre; While sowing, prevent and treat soil insect and smut, poliosis, control in seedling stage mainly contains millet borer, paddy flea beetle, white flood dragon worm etc.; Best harvest time be wax ripeness latter stage to full ripening stage, affect too early thousand kernel weight, output, not plump paddy is many, quality is low, after causing shattering late.
The plantation of traditional millet is to sow the seed in spring, and during the sowing by millet of the invention, changes winter into, can effectively solve " drought ", " trembling with fear " restriction to high and cold area agricultural production.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has the following advantages:
(1) millet to unified kind, winter of the present invention method of kind millet can premature ripening than the method for spring sowing millet about 25 days;
(2) in frost-free season, be the region about 130 days, realize and plant the millet variety of breeding time about 145 days;
(3) the inventive method can effectively be withstood natural calamities, and comprises that slight spring frost does not form harm to crop substantially, and anti-spring drought ability is strong, can effectively utilize winter snows soil moisture, meets the germination of sprouting of seed.
Winter kind millet method of the present invention, can keep out the cold in drought resisting, for the new way that paddy industry develops has been opened up in the paddy agriculture of cold area in north.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
Breeding time, large millet was at the implantation methods of high and cold area, and step is:
(1) seed treatment: select to be greater than breeding time the millet of the kind of 15 days frost-free seasons of growing area, first remove not plump seed with clear water, then float full seed with salt solution, then use the clear water desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching, then, with agricultural chemicals seed dressing, 2-3 days then basks seeds;
(2) sowing: sowing in freeze-up first 10 days, before sowing, carry out intensive cultivation, rake a kind of farm tools, the degree of depth is 18-22cm, and mu sowing quantity is 1-1.5 jin, and mu is planted 6000-6200 cave;
(3) fertilising: ram the loose soil with a stone-roller after sowing suppression with heavy an animal-drawn seed plough after sowing, play and hold the operation of protecting winter moisture in the soil, when the Second Year spring, moisture in the soil was bad, continues an animal-drawn seed plough and ram the loose soil with a stone-roller after sowing suppression, prevent and treat spring breeze and alter moisture in the soil;
(4) thinning: carry out thinning when millet grows to 3-4 sheet leaf, seedling 3-4 strain is stayed in every cave, mu stays seedling 19000-21000 strain;
(5) hoe up weeds: cultivation uproot 3 times, the final singling of hoeing up weeds for the first time, hoes up weeds and loosens the soil for the second time, the ridging of hoeing up weeds for the third time;
(6) topdress: in the shooting stage, coordinate and hoe up weeds and topdress for the first time for the second time, before heading, topdress for the second time, the total amount of topdressing for twice is 40 pounds/acre;
(7) results: gather in the crops in wax ripeness latter stage to full ripening stage.
Further, the breeding time of selection, large kind was to be greater than the growing area kind of 15 days frost-free seasons breeding time.
Embodiment 2
Breeding time, large millet was at the implantation methods of high and cold area, and step is:
(1) seed treatment: select the millet of large kind breeding time, first remove not plump seed with clear water, then float full seed with salt solution, then use the clear water desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching, then, with agricultural chemicals seed dressing, 2-3 days then basks seeds;
(2) sowing: sowing in freeze-up first 10 days, before sowing, carry out intensive cultivation, rake a kind of farm tools, the degree of depth is 18-22cm, and mu sowing quantity is 1-1.5 jin, and mu is planted 6000-6200 cave;
(3) fertilising: ram the loose soil with a stone-roller after sowing suppression with heavy an animal-drawn seed plough after sowing, play and hold the operation of protecting winter moisture in the soil, when the Second Year spring, moisture in the soil was bad, continues an animal-drawn seed plough and ram the loose soil with a stone-roller after sowing suppression, prevent and treat spring breeze and alter moisture in the soil;
(4) thinning: carry out thinning when millet grows to 3-4 sheet leaf, seedling 3-4 strain is stayed in every cave, mu stays seedling 19000-21000 strain;
(5) hoe up weeds: cultivation uproot 3 times, the final singling of hoeing up weeds for the first time, hoes up weeds and loosens the soil for the second time, the ridging of hoeing up weeds for the third time;
(6) topdress: in the shooting stage, coordinate and hoe up weeds and topdress for the first time for the second time, before heading, topdress for the second time, the total amount of topdressing for twice is 50 pounds/acre;
(7) results: gather in the crops in wax ripeness latter stage to full ripening stage.
Embodiment 3
Breeding time, large millet was at the implantation methods of high and cold area, and step is:
(1) seed treatment: select large No. 21 millets of kind Shanxi paddy breeding time, first remove not plump seed with clear water, then float full seed with salt solution, then use the clear water desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching, then, with agricultural chemicals seed dressing, 2-3 days then basks seeds;
(2) sowing: sowing in freeze-up first 10 days, before sowing, carry out intensive cultivation, rake a kind of farm tools, the degree of depth is 18-22cm, and mu sowing quantity is 1-1.5 jin, and mu is planted 6000-6200 cave;
(3) fertilising: ram the loose soil with a stone-roller after sowing suppression with heavy an animal-drawn seed plough after sowing, play and hold the operation of protecting winter moisture in the soil, when the Second Year spring, moisture in the soil was bad, continues an animal-drawn seed plough and ram the loose soil with a stone-roller after sowing suppression, prevent and treat spring breeze and alter moisture in the soil;
(4) thinning: carry out thinning when millet grows to 3-4 sheet leaf, seedling 3-4 strain is stayed in every cave, mu stays seedling 19000-21000 strain;
(5) hoe up weeds: cultivation uproot 3 times, the final singling of hoeing up weeds for the first time, hoes up weeds and loosens the soil for the second time, the ridging of hoeing up weeds for the third time;
(6) topdress: in the shooting stage, coordinate and hoe up weeds and topdress for the first time for the second time, before heading, topdress for the second time, the total amount of topdressing for twice is 30 pounds/acre;
(7) results: gather in the crops in wax ripeness latter stage to full ripening stage.

Claims (3)

1. breeding time, large millet was at the implantation methods of high and cold area, it is characterized in that, step is:
(1) seed treatment: by the millet of large kind breeding time, clean successively with clear water, salt solution, clear water, with agricultural chemicals seed dressing, 2-3 days then basks seeds;
(2) sowing: sowing in freeze-up first 10 days, before sowing, carry out intensive cultivation, rake a kind of farm tools, the degree of depth is 18-22cm, and mu sowing quantity is 1-1.5 jin, and mu is planted 6000-6200 cave;
(3) fertilising: ram the loose soil with a stone-roller after sowing suppression with heavy an animal-drawn seed plough after sowing, play and hold the operation of protecting winter moisture in the soil, when the Second Year spring, moisture in the soil was bad, continues an animal-drawn seed plough and ram the loose soil with a stone-roller after sowing suppression, prevent and treat spring breeze and alter moisture in the soil;
(4) thinning: carry out thinning when millet grows to 3-4 sheet leaf, seedling 3-4 strain is stayed in every cave, mu stays seedling 19000-21000 strain;
(5) hoe up weeds: cultivation uproot 3 times, the final singling of hoeing up weeds for the first time, hoes up weeds and loosens the soil for the second time, the ridging of hoeing up weeds for the third time;
(6) topdress: in the shooting stage, coordinate and hoe up weeds and topdress for the first time for the second time, before heading, topdress for the second time, the total amount of topdressing for twice is 30-50 pound/acre;
(7) results: gather in the crops in wax ripeness latter stage to full ripening stage.
2. breeding time according to claim 1, large millet was at the implantation methods of high and cold area, it is characterized in that, described breeding time, large kind was to be greater than the growing area kind of 15 days frost-free seasons breeding time.
3. breeding time according to claim 1 and 2, large millet was at the implantation methods of high and cold area, it is characterized in that, described breeding time, large kind was Shanxi paddy No. 21.
CN201310645321.2A 2013-12-03 2013-12-03 Method for planting foxtail millet with long growth period in alpine regions Pending CN103636383A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104335809A (en) * 2014-10-28 2015-02-11 中国农业科学院作物科学研究所 Hengzao 1 culture method
CN105638346A (en) * 2016-01-11 2016-06-08 山东农业大学 Light and simple millet cultivation technology
CN106069009A (en) * 2016-06-15 2016-11-09 山西省农业科学院作物科学研究所 A kind of high-yield planting method of millet

Non-Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
五寨县农业科学研究所: "五寨地区冬月种谷的栽培经验", 《山西农业科学》 *
侯国亮等: "优质谷晋谷21号高产高效栽培技术的研究与推广", 《农业科技通讯》 *
刘玉涛: "寒地优质谷子高产栽培技术探讨", 《园艺与种苗》 *
山西农学院遗传选种教研组: "冬月种谷保苗增产的研究", 《山西农业科学》 *
张龙石: "春谷冬播后增产效果的初步研究", 《吉林农业科学》 *

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104335809A (en) * 2014-10-28 2015-02-11 中国农业科学院作物科学研究所 Hengzao 1 culture method
CN105638346A (en) * 2016-01-11 2016-06-08 山东农业大学 Light and simple millet cultivation technology
CN106069009A (en) * 2016-06-15 2016-11-09 山西省农业科学院作物科学研究所 A kind of high-yield planting method of millet

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Application publication date: 20140319

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