CN103626577A - Long-acting sustained-release biological fertilizer and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Long-acting sustained-release biological fertilizer and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103626577A
CN103626577A CN201310550274.3A CN201310550274A CN103626577A CN 103626577 A CN103626577 A CN 103626577A CN 201310550274 A CN201310550274 A CN 201310550274A CN 103626577 A CN103626577 A CN 103626577A
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fertilizer
parts
trace
pig
water
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CN201310550274.3A
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CN103626577B (en
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吴志刚
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Suzhou Rencheng Bio-Science & Technology Co Ltd
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Suzhou Rencheng Bio-Science & Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses long-acting sustained-release biological fertilizer and a preparation method thereof. The biological fertilizer comprises a water absorbent, pig manure, ammonium sulfate, ammonium phosphate, potassium sulfate, calcium superphosphate, trace element fertilizer, danty, sweet potato powder, pig blood powder, urea and kaolin. The preparation method of the biological fertilizer comprises the following steps: (1) filtering impurities out of liquid pig blood, drying and crushing to obtain the pig blood powder for later use; (2) grinding other raw materials respectively until the granularity is less than 0.05mm; (3) mixing the trace element fertilizer, the pig manure and the water absorbent uniformly; (4) uniformly mixing the pig blood powder, the ammonium sulfate, the ammonium phosphate, the potassium sulfate, the calcium superphosphate, the danty and the sweet potato powder as well as the mixture of water absorbent, trace element fertilizer and pig manure according to the ratio; (5) spraying and coating the urea by using the material obtained in the step (4), and splashing powder by using the kaolin; and (6) pelleting and drying. The long-acting sustained-release biological fertilizer has the advantages of low cost and a long-acting sustained-release effect and is easy to prepare.

Description

A kind of long-acting slow control bio-feritlizer and preparation method thereof
technical field:
The present invention relates to a kind of bio-feritlizer and preparation method thereof, be specifically related to a kind ofly long-actingly slow put bio-feritlizer and preparation method thereof, belong to bio-feritlizer technical field.
background technology:
Slow control fertilizer can effectively be controlled nutrient releasing speed, extend fertilizer efficiency period, meet the crop whole breeding time of the needs to nutrient, can improve to greatest extent utilization rate of fertilizer, improve economic benefit, social benefit and the environmental benefit of fertilising, thereby become the focus of world's fertilizer research.
Although slow control fertilizer is accepted by people, becoming the substitute products of 21 century fertilizer industry, the existing slow bio-feritlizer of putting adopts the macromolecule resin of high water suction as carrier, absorb high density chemical fertilizer solution, there are many defects in it, as too high in the vector contg without fertilizer efficiency, so concentration of fertilizer can not be too high, causes high cost, be not easy to processing.
summary of the invention:
The present invention seeks to, be used for making up the deficiencies in the prior art, and a kind of low cost is provided, has and long-actingly slow put bio-feritlizer of effect and preparation method thereof, and be easy to preparation.
To achieve these goals, technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
A kind of long-acting delaying put bio-feritlizer in the present invention, comprises water-retaining agent, pig manure, ammonium sulfate, ammonium phosphate, potassium sulfate, calcium superphosphate, trace element fertilizer, weathered coal, sweet potato powder, pig blood meal, urea, kaolin;
Each component concentration is respectively by massfraction:
Water-retaining agent 3-8 part, pig manure 45-55 part, ammonium sulfate 20-30 part, ammonium phosphate 5-12 part, potassium sulfate 10-16 part, calcium superphosphate 20-30 part, trace element fertilizer 2-3 part, weathered coal 20-25 part, sweet potato powder 6-18 part, pig blood meal 10-50 part, urea 40-80 part, kaolin 5-10 part;
What above-mentioned water-retaining agent adopted is acrylate copolymer class;
Above-mentioned trace element fertilizer comprises siliceous fertilizer, fertiliser containing magnesium, copper fertilizer, zinc fertilizer, manganese fertilizer, iron fertilizer and boron fertilizer.
5 parts of water-retaining agents, 50 parts of pig manures, 25 parts, ammonium sulfate, 10 parts, ammonium phosphate, 15 parts of potassium sulfate, 25 parts of calcium superphosphate, 2 parts of trace element fertilizers, 22 parts of weathered coals, 10 parts of sweet potato powder, 30 parts of pig blood meals, 50 parts, urea, 8 parts of kaolin.
The long-acting slow preparation method of putting bio-feritlizer of the present invention, comprises following step:
(1) after liquid pig blood is filtered out impurities, dry and pulverize, obtain pig blood meal, standby;
(2) described water-retaining agent, pig manure, ammonium sulfate, ammonium phosphate, potassium sulfate, calcium superphosphate, trace element fertilizer, weathered coal, sweet potato powder are milled to respectively below 0.05 millimeter;
(3) described trace element fertilizer is mixed with pig manure and water-retaining agent, and reacts 2-2.5 hour:
(4) described pig blood meal, ammonium sulfate, ammonium phosphate, potassium sulfate, calcium superphosphate, weathered coal, sweet potato powder and the water-retaining agent having mixed, trace element fertilizer and pig manure are mixed in proportion;
(5) with the material that step (4) obtains, urea is carried out to spray coating, then with described kaolin, sprinkle powder;
(6) granulation and dry: the material that step (5) is obtained is sent tablets press to, granular material after described granulator granulation, sends Temperature Setting to and is dry 25~28 minutes of the loft drier the inside of 140 ℃, obtains bio-feritlizer of the present invention;
Wherein, in drying process, pellet moisture content is no more than 35%, and granule strength is higher than 40N.
In fertilizer of the present invention, use water-retaining agent and pig manure, so there is good water absorbing properties, also there is good water retention property simultaneously; Noresidue of the present invention, pollution-free, effectively improve soil; The biological slow control bio-feritlizer of the present invention has obvious production-increasing function to crop.
embodiment:
For technique means, creation characteristic that the present invention is realized, reach object and effect is easy to understand, below further set forth the present invention.
Embodiment 1:
A kind of long-acting delaying put bio-feritlizer in the present invention, comprises water-retaining agent, pig manure, ammonium sulfate, ammonium phosphate, potassium sulfate, calcium superphosphate, trace element fertilizer, weathered coal, sweet potato powder, pig blood meal, urea, kaolin;
Each component concentration is respectively by massfraction:
3 parts of water-retaining agents, 45 parts of pig manures, 20 parts, ammonium sulfate, 5 parts, ammonium phosphate, 10 parts of potassium sulfate, 20 parts of calcium superphosphate, 2 parts of trace element fertilizers, 20 parts of weathered coals, 6 parts of sweet potato powder, 10 parts of pig blood meals, 40 parts, urea, 5 parts of kaolin; What wherein, water-retaining agent adopted is acrylate copolymer class; Trace element fertilizer comprises siliceous fertilizer, fertiliser containing magnesium, copper fertilizer, zinc fertilizer, manganese fertilizer, iron fertilizer and boron fertilizer.
The long-acting slow preparation method of putting bio-feritlizer of the present invention, comprises following step:
(1) after liquid pig blood is filtered out impurities, dry and pulverize, obtain pig blood meal, standby;
(2) water-retaining agent, pig manure, ammonium sulfate, ammonium phosphate, potassium sulfate, calcium superphosphate, trace element fertilizer, weathered coal, sweet potato powder are milled to respectively below 0.05 millimeter;
(3) trace element fertilizer is mixed with pig manure and water-retaining agent, and reacts 2 hours:
(4) pig blood meal, ammonium sulfate, ammonium phosphate, potassium sulfate, calcium superphosphate, weathered coal, sweet potato powder and the water-retaining agent having mixed, trace element fertilizer and pig manure are mixed in proportion;
(5) with the material that step (4) obtains, urea is carried out to spray coating, then with kaolin, sprinkle powder;
(6) granulation and dry: the material that step (5) is obtained is sent tablets press to, granular material after granulator granulation, sends Temperature Setting to and is dry 25~28 minutes of the loft drier the inside of 140 ℃, obtains bio-feritlizer of the present invention; Wherein, pellet moisture content 25% in drying process, granule strength is 50N.
In fertilizer of the present invention, use water-retaining agent and pig manure, so there is good water absorbing properties, also there is good water retention property simultaneously; Noresidue of the present invention, pollution-free, effectively improve soil; The biological slow control bio-feritlizer of the present invention has obvious production-increasing function to crop.
Embodiment 2:
A kind of long-acting delaying put bio-feritlizer in the present invention, comprises water-retaining agent, pig manure, ammonium sulfate, ammonium phosphate, potassium sulfate, calcium superphosphate, trace element fertilizer, weathered coal, sweet potato powder, pig blood meal, urea, kaolin; Each component concentration is respectively by massfraction: 8 parts of water-retaining agents, 55 parts of pig manures, 30 parts, ammonium sulfate, 12 parts, ammonium phosphate, 16 parts of potassium sulfate, 30 parts of calcium superphosphate, 3 parts of trace element fertilizers, 25 parts of weathered coals, 18 parts of sweet potato powder, 50 parts of pig blood meals, 80 parts, urea, 10 parts of kaolin; What wherein, water-retaining agent adopted is acrylate copolymer class; Trace element fertilizer comprises siliceous fertilizer, fertiliser containing magnesium, copper fertilizer, zinc fertilizer, manganese fertilizer, iron fertilizer and boron fertilizer.
The long-acting slow preparation method of putting bio-feritlizer of the present invention, comprises following step:
(1) after liquid pig blood is filtered out impurities, dry and pulverize, obtain pig blood meal, standby;
(2) described water-retaining agent, pig manure, ammonium sulfate, ammonium phosphate, potassium sulfate, calcium superphosphate, trace element fertilizer, weathered coal, sweet potato powder are milled to respectively below 0.05 millimeter;
(3) trace element fertilizer is mixed with pig manure and water-retaining agent, and reacts 2.5 hours:
(4) pig blood meal, ammonium sulfate, ammonium phosphate, potassium sulfate, calcium superphosphate, weathered coal, sweet potato powder and the water-retaining agent having mixed, trace element fertilizer and pig manure are mixed in proportion;
(5) with the material that step (4) obtains, urea is carried out to spray coating, then with kaolin, sprinkle powder;
(6) granulation and dry: the material that step (5) is obtained is sent tablets press to, granular material after described granulator granulation, sends Temperature Setting to and is dry 28 minutes of the loft drier the inside of 140 ℃, obtains bio-feritlizer of the present invention; Wherein, in drying process, pellet moisture content is 28%, and granule strength is 55N.
Fertilizer of the present invention has comprised a large amount of, middle amount and micronutrient element, contains a large amount of organic substances in addition, and this fertilizer provides fabulous environment for plant growth.
Meanwhile, the present invention has the ability of stronger cold-resistant, heat resistanceheat resistant, drought resisting, resistant to lodging and disease and insect resistance.
More than show and described ultimate principle of the present invention and principal character and advantage of the present invention.The technician of the industry should understand; the present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments; that in above-described embodiment and specification sheets, describes just illustrates principle of the present invention; without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention; the present invention also has various changes and modifications, and these changes and improvements all fall in the claimed scope of the invention.The claimed scope of the present invention is defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (3)

1. long-acting delaying puts a bio-feritlizer, it is characterized in that, comprises water-retaining agent, pig manure, ammonium sulfate, ammonium phosphate, potassium sulfate, calcium superphosphate, trace element fertilizer, weathered coal, sweet potato powder, pig blood meal, urea, kaolin;
Each component concentration is respectively by massfraction:
Water-retaining agent 3-8 part, pig manure 45-55 part, ammonium sulfate 20-30 part, ammonium phosphate 5-12 part, potassium sulfate 10-16 part, calcium superphosphate 20-30 part, trace element fertilizer 2-3 part, weathered coal 20-25 part, sweet potato powder 6-18 part, pig blood meal 10-50 part, urea 40-80 part, kaolin 5-10 part;
What described water-retaining agent adopted is acrylate copolymer class;
Described trace element fertilizer comprises siliceous fertilizer, fertiliser containing magnesium, copper fertilizer, zinc fertilizer, manganese fertilizer, iron fertilizer and boron fertilizer.
2. long-acting delaying according to claim 1 puts bio-feritlizer, it is characterized in that,
5 parts of water-retaining agents, 50 parts of pig manures, 25 parts, ammonium sulfate, 10 parts, ammonium phosphate, 15 parts of potassium sulfate, 25 parts of calcium superphosphate, 2 parts of trace element fertilizers, 22 parts of weathered coals, 10 parts of sweet potato powder, 30 parts of pig blood meals, 50 parts, urea, 8 parts of kaolin.
3. long-acting slow preparation method of putting bio-feritlizer according to claim 1, is characterized in that, comprises following step:
(1) after liquid pig blood is filtered out impurities, dry and pulverize, obtain pig blood meal, standby;
(2) described water-retaining agent, pig manure, ammonium sulfate, ammonium phosphate, potassium sulfate, calcium superphosphate, trace element fertilizer, weathered coal, sweet potato powder are milled to respectively below 0.05 millimeter;
(3) described trace element fertilizer is mixed with pig manure and water-retaining agent, and reacts 2-2.5 hour:
(4) described pig blood meal, ammonium sulfate, ammonium phosphate, potassium sulfate, calcium superphosphate, weathered coal, sweet potato powder and the water-retaining agent having mixed, trace element fertilizer and pig manure are mixed in proportion;
(5) with the material that step (4) obtains, urea is carried out to spray coating, then with described kaolin, sprinkle powder;
(6) granulation and dry: the material that step (5) is obtained is sent tablets press to, granular material after described granulator granulation, sends Temperature Setting to and is dry 25~28 minutes of the loft drier the inside of 140 ℃, obtains bio-feritlizer of the present invention;
Wherein, in drying process, pellet moisture content is no more than 35%, and granule strength is higher than 40N.
CN201310550274.3A 2013-11-08 2013-11-08 A kind of long-acting slow control bio-feritlizer and preparation method thereof Expired - Fee Related CN103626577B (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104311234A (en) * 2014-09-26 2015-01-28 安徽禾泉种业有限公司 Special slow-release fertilizer for paddy rice and preparation method of special slow-release fertilizer
CN104402587A (en) * 2014-11-04 2015-03-11 曲少春 Agricultural soil improvement biological fertilizer
CN104446984A (en) * 2014-12-02 2015-03-25 山西省农业科学院农业环境与资源研究所 Special fertilizer for chenopodium quinoa and preparation method thereof
CN105028112A (en) * 2015-06-15 2015-11-11 柳州市盛鑫隆花卉种植专业合作社 Fattening method during grape planting period
CN110511065A (en) * 2019-09-04 2019-11-29 鞍山市丰胜有机肥制造有限公司 A kind of punching fertilising and preparation method thereof

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CN1092397A (en) * 1993-03-18 1994-09-21 中国科学院沈阳应用生态研究所 Multi-component organic composite fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN1192427A (en) * 1998-04-02 1998-09-09 毕文芳 Organic ecology fertilizer
CN1587232A (en) * 2004-09-30 2005-03-02 李文喜 Long lasting composite fertilizer
CN101585737A (en) * 2009-06-26 2009-11-25 安徽金农生物技术有限公司 Water retention type organic fertilizer prepared from swine waste and preparation method thereof
CN101774850A (en) * 2010-01-21 2010-07-14 甘肃中瑞盛邦农资有限公司 Multifunctional compound fertilizer additive and preparation method thereof
CN102557811A (en) * 2010-12-13 2012-07-11 王海炜 Water-retaining slow-release fertilizer
CN102924186A (en) * 2012-07-26 2013-02-13 周建设 Water-retaining biological organic-inorganic composite fertilizer

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1092397A (en) * 1993-03-18 1994-09-21 中国科学院沈阳应用生态研究所 Multi-component organic composite fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN1192427A (en) * 1998-04-02 1998-09-09 毕文芳 Organic ecology fertilizer
CN1587232A (en) * 2004-09-30 2005-03-02 李文喜 Long lasting composite fertilizer
CN101585737A (en) * 2009-06-26 2009-11-25 安徽金农生物技术有限公司 Water retention type organic fertilizer prepared from swine waste and preparation method thereof
CN101774850A (en) * 2010-01-21 2010-07-14 甘肃中瑞盛邦农资有限公司 Multifunctional compound fertilizer additive and preparation method thereof
CN102557811A (en) * 2010-12-13 2012-07-11 王海炜 Water-retaining slow-release fertilizer
CN102924186A (en) * 2012-07-26 2013-02-13 周建设 Water-retaining biological organic-inorganic composite fertilizer

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104311234A (en) * 2014-09-26 2015-01-28 安徽禾泉种业有限公司 Special slow-release fertilizer for paddy rice and preparation method of special slow-release fertilizer
CN104402587A (en) * 2014-11-04 2015-03-11 曲少春 Agricultural soil improvement biological fertilizer
CN104446984A (en) * 2014-12-02 2015-03-25 山西省农业科学院农业环境与资源研究所 Special fertilizer for chenopodium quinoa and preparation method thereof
CN105028112A (en) * 2015-06-15 2015-11-11 柳州市盛鑫隆花卉种植专业合作社 Fattening method during grape planting period
CN110511065A (en) * 2019-09-04 2019-11-29 鞍山市丰胜有机肥制造有限公司 A kind of punching fertilising and preparation method thereof

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