CN103493845A - Attractant for thrips - Google Patents

Attractant for thrips Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103493845A
CN103493845A CN201310417293.9A CN201310417293A CN103493845A CN 103493845 A CN103493845 A CN 103493845A CN 201310417293 A CN201310417293 A CN 201310417293A CN 103493845 A CN103493845 A CN 103493845A
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China
Prior art keywords
attractant
thrips
alcohol
plant
geraniol
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CN201310417293.9A
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CN103493845B (en
Inventor
傅建炜
李建宇
史梦竹
夏红军
郑丽祯
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Wuyishan Yongpeng Tea Co ltd
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Institute of Plant Protection of FAAS
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Abstract

The invention discloses an attractant for thrips. The attractant is prepared by mixing methyl anthranilate, geraniol, plant perfumes and alcohol according to a weight ratio of (1-50):(1-30):(0.1-20):(10-300). The attractant has the beneficial effects that thrips can be efficiently attracted, the prevention and treatment cost is low, the quality security of agricultural products is not affected, the environment is not polluted, the attractant is safe for human beings, livestock, natural enemies and beneficial organisms, the ecological balance is not damaged, the sustainable development in green agricultural products is prompted, the industry synergia is prompted, and the income of farmers is increased.

Description

The attractant of a kind of thrips
Technical field
The invention discloses a kind of insect attractant, relate in particular to a kind of thrips attractant.
Technical background
Thrips thrips insect, inhale plant tender tissue (branch, blade, flower, fruit etc.) juice with adult and nymph file, killed tender leaf, hard curling the withering of tender shoot mutation, and plant strain growth is slow, and internode shortens; Take food in spending, smash pollen flying, destroy column cap, cause fallen flowers; Can harden after the tender fruit of children (as mango, fragrant plant pleasure, eggplant, cucumber, watermelon etc.) is killed, when serious, cause shedding, have a strong impact on yield and quality.Thrip fuana is a lot, on vegetables, fruit tree, tealeaves, flowers and other crops, all has and causes harm.Because the thrips build is small, become polypide to be about 1 millimeter, long 0.2 millimeter of ovum, oblong, faint yellow.Adult is many draws juice between vein, because it is less, is difficult for seeing, often out in the cold in production, and control is caused to very large difficulty.Thrips is the generation generation more than a year, lays eggs on the floral organ and leaf of plant.During benign climate, can by egg development, be adult at about 2 weeks.Thrips is with larva and the adult crop of causing harm, and quantity occurs, and with the crop different growing, there were significant differences, and the crop flowers phase reaches top, and after this quantity descends.The thrips viral disease that also can spread disease.
At present the method for preventing and treating of thrips mainly contains (1) cultural control, removes the residual leaf of weeds in field and deadwood early spring, concentrates to burn or buried, eliminates survive the winter adult and nymph; Strengthen rich water quality management, impel the plant strain growth stalwartness, alleviate and cause harm.(2) physical control, the habit of utilizing thrips to become blue, at the blue haftplatte of deployment, the trapping adult, haftplatte height and crop maintain an equal level.(3) chemical control, select the control of spraying of the medicaments such as 25% imidacloprid wettable powder or 5% acetamiprid wettable powder, 4.5% high chloro milk oil, 5% bromine worm Cyano chrysanthemate.
In recent years, the green prevention and control technology that some thrips are arranged successively, a kind ofly take the Purely natural plant insecticide that natural plants is that raw material is made and carry out the control of thrips insect as application number 200910227375.0 discloses, as the patent No. 200820008447.3, the patent No. 200420027355.1 and application number 201020020566.8 are all, according to thrips, the taxis design insect-sticking plate of color is traped insect-killing trapping.A kind of medicine and using method of preventing and treating beautiful beans thrips that application number 201110405614.4 proposes, be applicable to kill beautiful beans insect thrips, applied that green good fortune missible oil, one time are clean, dish happiness, A Weixi, dimehypo, aeontium this and imidacloprid and other pesticide, easily to environment.Application number 201110101489.8 discloses the killing trapping device of a kind of thrips insect, mainly utilize the chemical substance compositions such as cineole, anisic aldehyde, hexenoic aldehyde, eugenol, hexenol, benzyl carbinol, carvol, linalool, iso methyl nicotinate to be mixed with the chemical information mixture with attracting action, make the thrips insect pheromone lure.Rely on color trapping thrips, exist allure inadequate, effect is not good problem also.In addition, of a great variety due to thrips, the attractant that the disclosed chemical substance of application number 201110101489.8 becomes to be grouped into may be to part thrips successful, and to other thrips poor effect.The attractant of developing different infochemicals has important production meaning.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide the attractant of a kind of thrips, can be applicable to the control of luring of thrips class pest in vegetables, fruit tree, tealeaves, production of flowers and plants process.
For achieving the above object, the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
The attractant of a kind of thrips is characterized in that: this attractant is a kind of liquid mixture that comprises methyl anthranilate, geraniol, plant essence, alcohol.
Wherein, methyl anthranilate, geraniol, plant essence, alcohol mix and form according to part by weight 1~50:1~30:0.1~20:10~300.
Wherein, described plant essence is from plant leaf blade, to adopt alcohol to carry out lixiviate, by weight proportion, plant leaf blade 10 ~ 100 grams, organic solvent alcohol 20 ~ 200 grams, lixiviate was filtered after 3 ~ 8 hours, got filtrate for later use.
Good effect of the present invention is: can efficiently lure the thrips class pest, be applied to monitoring and the control of thrips in vegetables, fruit tree, tealeaves, production of flowers and plants process, cost is low, can not affect the quality safety of agricultural product, can not pollute ecotope, to people, animal, natural enemy and beneficial organism safety, not destroy the ecological balance, be conducive to promote the sustainable development of vegetables, fruit tree, tealeaves, the industry of flowers and plants, promote industry synergy, increasing peasant income.
Embodiment
For the ease of understanding the present invention, below in conjunction with instantiation, the present invention is further described.Its effect is understood to be further concrete elaboration the of the present invention, and not the present invention is formed to any type of restriction.
Embodiment 1
From plant leaf blade, adopt alcohol to carry out lixiviate, by weight proportion, plant leaf blade 50 grams, organic solvent alcohol 150 grams, lixiviate was filtered after 5 hours, got filtrate for later use.
First methyl anthranilate, geraniol, plant essence, alcohol are mixed and form according to part by weight 1~50:1~30:0.1~20:10~300, then dissolved as solvent with acetone, make the attractant of thrips.The assay method of attractant effect is the attractant will prepared, and joins colourless plastic flexible pipe, makes and lures core; Lure what prepare core to be fixed on white insects trap board to be measured again, observe the thrips quantity that statistics lures collection to arrive after 72 hours.The formula of Different Weight ratio and attractant effect have in actual applications specifically been provided in table 1.
The attractant attractant effect in actual applications of table 1 Different Weight ratio
Figure 2013104172939100002DEST_PATH_IMAGE002
As can be seen from Table 1, filling a prescription 1 ~ 9 all has attractant effect to thrips, and the 4(methyl anthranilate of wherein filling a prescription, geraniol, plant essence, alcohol are according to part by weight 20:15:10:50) attractant effect best.
Embodiment 2
From plant leaf blade, adopt alcohol to carry out lixiviate, by weight proportion, plant leaf blade 10 grams, organic solvent alcohol 20 grams, lixiviate was filtered after 3 hours, got filtrate for later use.
Methyl anthranilate, geraniol, plant essence, alcohol are mixed and form according to part by weight 20:15:10:50, then dissolved as solvent with acetone, make the attractant of thrips.
Embodiment 3
From plant leaf blade, adopt alcohol to carry out lixiviate, by weight proportion, plant leaf blade 100 grams, organic solvent alcohol 200 grams, lixiviate was filtered after 8 hours, got filtrate for later use.
Methyl anthranilate, geraniol, plant essence, alcohol are mixed and form according to part by weight 20:15:10:50, then dissolved as solvent with acetone, make the attractant of thrips.

Claims (3)

1. the attractant of a thrips, it is characterized in that: this attractant is a kind of liquid mixture that comprises methyl anthranilate, geraniol, plant essence, alcohol.
2. according to the attractant of claims 1 described thrips, it is characterized in that: described methyl anthranilate, geraniol, plant essence, alcohol 1 ~ 50:1 ~ 30:0.1 ~ 20:10 ~ 300 by weight proportion mixes composition.
3. according to the attractant of claims 1 described thrips, it is characterized in that: described plant essence is from plant leaf blade, to adopt alcohol to carry out lixiviate, by weight proportion, plant leaf blade 10 ~ 100 grams, organic solvent alcohol 20 ~ 200 grams, lixiviate was filtered after 3 ~ 8 hours, got filtrate for later use.
CN201310417293.9A 2013-09-13 2013-09-13 Attractant for thrips Active CN103493845B (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105557692A (en) * 2016-03-22 2016-05-11 福建省农业科学院茶叶研究所 Thrip attractant based on tea plant volatiles
CN106719909A (en) * 2016-11-12 2017-05-31 广东中迅农科股份有限公司 A kind of thrips attractant
CN108703163A (en) * 2018-06-20 2018-10-26 贵阳学院 A kind of thrips class small insects attractant and preparation method thereof
CN109892328A (en) * 2019-04-25 2019-06-18 福建省农业科学院植物保护研究所 A kind of compound for improving thrips female adult and luring rate and indoor egg laying amount
CN110024803A (en) * 2019-05-20 2019-07-19 海南博士威农用化学有限公司 A kind of Pesticidal combination and its preparation of spirotetramat
CN110074110A (en) * 2019-06-04 2019-08-02 赣南师范大学 Methyl anthranilate is luring application and a kind of diaphorina citri attractant in diaphorina citri
CN113767904A (en) * 2021-09-03 2021-12-10 福建省农业科学院植物保护研究所 Special attractant for preventing and controlling insect gall thrips on ficus plants

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1164995A (en) * 1996-05-15 1997-11-19 马荣德 Essence prepared by chemical synthetic method
CN102349486A (en) * 2010-04-20 2012-02-15 宁波纽康生物技术有限公司 Semiochemical compound color plate and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1164995A (en) * 1996-05-15 1997-11-19 马荣德 Essence prepared by chemical synthetic method
CN102349486A (en) * 2010-04-20 2012-02-15 宁波纽康生物技术有限公司 Semiochemical compound color plate and preparation method thereof

Non-Patent Citations (1)

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Title
王广利等: "植食性金龟子信息化学物质的研究", 《昆虫学报》, vol. 48, no. 5, 31 December 2005 (2005-12-31) *

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105557692A (en) * 2016-03-22 2016-05-11 福建省农业科学院茶叶研究所 Thrip attractant based on tea plant volatiles
CN106719909A (en) * 2016-11-12 2017-05-31 广东中迅农科股份有限公司 A kind of thrips attractant
CN108703163A (en) * 2018-06-20 2018-10-26 贵阳学院 A kind of thrips class small insects attractant and preparation method thereof
CN109892328A (en) * 2019-04-25 2019-06-18 福建省农业科学院植物保护研究所 A kind of compound for improving thrips female adult and luring rate and indoor egg laying amount
CN110024803A (en) * 2019-05-20 2019-07-19 海南博士威农用化学有限公司 A kind of Pesticidal combination and its preparation of spirotetramat
CN110074110A (en) * 2019-06-04 2019-08-02 赣南师范大学 Methyl anthranilate is luring application and a kind of diaphorina citri attractant in diaphorina citri
CN110074110B (en) * 2019-06-04 2021-04-06 赣南师范大学 Application of methyl anthranilate in luring diaphorina citri and diaphorina citri attractant
CN113767904A (en) * 2021-09-03 2021-12-10 福建省农业科学院植物保护研究所 Special attractant for preventing and controlling insect gall thrips on ficus plants

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