CN103444369A - Straw integrated utilization all-in-one machine - Google Patents

Straw integrated utilization all-in-one machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103444369A
CN103444369A CN2013103851985A CN201310385198A CN103444369A CN 103444369 A CN103444369 A CN 103444369A CN 2013103851985 A CN2013103851985 A CN 2013103851985A CN 201310385198 A CN201310385198 A CN 201310385198A CN 103444369 A CN103444369 A CN 103444369A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
machine
binder
rope
movable cabin
shift fork
Prior art date
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Granted
Application number
CN2013103851985A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103444369B (en
Inventor
张忠田
李政希
李吕涛
张凯林
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
LELING TIANLI ENGINEERING MACHINERY Co Ltd
Original Assignee
LELING TIANLI ENGINEERING MACHINERY Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Application filed by LELING TIANLI ENGINEERING MACHINERY Co Ltd filed Critical LELING TIANLI ENGINEERING MACHINERY Co Ltd
Priority to CN201310385198.5A priority Critical patent/CN103444369B/en
Publication of CN103444369A publication Critical patent/CN103444369A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103444369B publication Critical patent/CN103444369B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The invention relates to a straw integrated utilization all-in-one machine, which mainly consists of a kneading machine, a material storage box, a bundling machine and a film packing machine, wherein the kneading machine consists of a rotating tube and a motor, the rotating tube and the motor are arranged on a machine frame, a plurality of throwing sheets used for crushing straws are arranged inside the rotating tube, an outlet of the rotating tube is connected with the material storage box through a feeding passage, a primary pulling fork and a secondary pulling fork are arranged in the material storage box, an outlet of the material storage box is connected with the bundling machine, twisting rollers in circumferential arrangement are arranged in the bundling machine, the bundling machine comprises a fixed cabin and a movable cabin, the twisting rollers are driven by a three-phase asynchronous electric motor, an inductor approach switch is arranged under the movable cabin and the fixed cabin, an air cylinder is fixed above the fixed cabin of the bundling machine, a piston rod of the air cylinder is connected with a lifting handle and is tightly pressed onto the movable cabin under the effect of air pressure, and a film covering machine is arranged in front of the movable cabin of the bundling machine. The straw integrated utilization all-in-one machine has the advantages that the integration of kneading, bundling and film covering of the straws is realized, the straw processing treatment efficiency is improved, the time and the labor are saved, and the straw processing cost is greatly reduced.

Description

Stalk comprehensive utilization all-in-one
Technical field
The present invention relates to the farm machinery technical field, be specifically related to a kind of stalk comprehensive utilization all-in-one.
Background technology
Agricultural crop straw is fabulous livestock feed, and source is wide, and quantity is many, but, owing to lacking manufacturing process, availability only accounts for 40%, 60% above abandoned, rots or burns, and has both caused waste, has polluted again environment.Take full advantage of mechanical deep processing, granulation feed, fermented forage or silage fodder, turn waste into wealth stalk, become the important content of current agricultural science and technology exploitation.
The agricultural crop straw process need to be through picking up, rub, bundling and coating, but current straw utilization machinery is large multi-functional comparatively single, complete the stalk process, need to use collecting machine, kneading machine, binder and coating machine, the use cost of each single machine is higher, and the stalk working (machining) efficiency is lower, need personnel more, waste time and energy.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of stalk comprehensive utilization all-in-one, the stalk processing cost existed with the solution prior art is high, the low problem wasted time and energy of efficiency.
Apparatus of the present invention mainly are comprised of kneading machine, material storing box, binder and coating machine, solving the technical scheme that its technical problem adopts is that kneading machine is comprised of the rotating cylinder and the motor that are arranged on frame, rotating cylinder inside arranges some rejection tablets that are used for crushing straw, and the rotating cylinder outlet is connected with material storing box by feeding channel; One shift fork and two road shift forks are set in material storing box, the outlet of material storing box is connected with binder, the strand roller of circumferential arrangement is set in binder, binder comprises a fixed bin and a movable cabin, the strand roller is driven by a threephase asynchronous, movable cabin and fixed bin below arrange an induction installation approach switch, fix a cylinder above the fixed bin of binder, and the piston rod of cylinder connects one and removes being pressed on movable cabin under gas pressure; Coating machine is arranged on movable cabin the place ahead of binder.
Above-mentioned one shift fork and two road shift fork step arrangements are in material storing box inside.
Above-mentioned binder arranges and automatically send rope mechanism, automatically send rope mechanism to comprise a micro machine, micro machine is connected with a driving gear, driving gear drives two driven gears of arranging side by side and rotates, an initiatively rubber roll is set respectively on two driven gears, two initiatively a side of rubber rolls a driven rubber roll is set, the bundle rope can be from the gap between active rubber roll and driven rubber roll through.
Above-mentioned binder is provided with the automatic flexible strapping machine structure, the automatic flexible strapping machine structure comprises transmission system, crank connecting link, swing connecting bar, and the bale and the rope bundle that are arranged on automatic flexible strapping machine structure both sides, transmission system drives crank rod movement, crank connecting link and then drive swing connecting bar are made reciprocally swinging, thereby make automatically to send the bundle rope of rope mechanism to be tied up on bale, the blade that is used for cutting off the bundle rope also is set on the automatic flexible strapping machine structure, transmission system comprises a reductor, the output shaft of reductor connects a clutch, clutch connects respectively shift fork and rotating disk, the shift fork below connects an electromagnet.
When stalk comprehensive utilization all-in-one of the present invention uses, stalk is introduced into kneading machine, the rejection tablet of rotating through the rotating cylinder inner high speed of kneading machine is smashed stalk, relend and help wind-force to deliver in material storing box by feeding channel, in material storing box, through the shift fork of twice step arrangement, the stalk of accomplishing fluently is delivered in binder, forage becomes the web-like rolling in binder, when forage reaches a certain amount of, produce certain expansive force, the induction installation approach switch that movable cabin and fixed bin below arrange, send signal while buying securities with all one's capital, starting rope winding device is tied up bale, after tying up, start the device that opens a position, the cylinder airflow direction changes, starting movable cabin opens a position, the bale of tying up enters in coating machine and carries out quantitative coating.
Automatically the rope mechanical work principle that send of the present invention is: micro machine is after obtaining the density sensor instruction, start the driving gear rotation, driving gear drives two driven tooth crop rotation rotating Vortexes, the active rubber roll be connected on driven gear is also made rotating Vortex, driven rubber roll is squeezed on the active rubber roll, and the bundle rope passes between active rubber roll and driven rubber roll, thereby under the acting in conjunction of active rubber roll and driven rubber roll, the bundle rope slips into bale automatically, goes to carry out the task of tying up.
Automatic flexible strapping machine structure operation principle of the present invention is: the power shaft of the reductor of transmission system is by a certain strand roller transmission of binder inside, the output shaft of reductor connects a clutch, clutch connects respectively shift fork and rotating disk, the shift fork below connects an electromagnet, when electromagnetic actuation, clutch closes up, drive dial rotation, thereby driving crank connecting rod, drive swing connecting bar and make reciprocally swinging, thereby make automatically to send the rope bundle rope that mechanism sends here to be tied up on bale, the bundle rope is back and forth tied up one back and forth on bale, the bundle rope is cut off by blade, tied up, prepare operation next time.
Compared with the prior art, stalk of the present invention comprehensive utilization all-in-one has been realized the integrated of the rubbing of stalk, bundling and coating, has improved stalk processing treatment effeciency, time saving and energy saving, greatly reduces the stalk processing cost.
The accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further described.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of apparatus of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation that the present invention send rope mechanism automatically;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of automatic flexible strapping machine structure of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the transmission system of automatic flexible strapping machine structure of the present invention.
1 kneading machine in figure, 2 material storing box, 3 binders, 4 coating machines, 5 threephase asynchronouses, 6 send rope mechanism automatically, 7 automatic flexible strapping machine structures, 8 cylinders, 9 piston rods, 10 remove handle, 11 rotating cylinders, 12 rejection tablets, 13 motors, 14 feeding channels, 15 frames, 21 one shift fork, 22 2 road shift forks, 31 strand rollers, 32 fixed bins, 33 movable cabins, 34 induction installation approach switchs, 61 micro machines, 62 driving gears, 63 driven gears, 64 active rubber rolls, 65 driven rubber rolls, 66 base plates, 67 bundle ropes, 71 transmission systems, 72 crank connecting links, 73 swing connecting bar, 74 blades, 75 bales, 76 rope bundles, 711 reductors, 712 clutches, 713 shift forks, 714 electromagnet, 715 rotating disks.
Embodiment
A kind of stalk comprehensive utilization all-in-one, mainly by kneading machine 1, material storing box 2, binder 3 and coating machine 4, formed, kneading machine 1 is comprised of the rotating cylinder 11 and the motor 13 that are arranged on frame 15, rotating cylinder 11 inside arrange some rejection tablets 12 that are used for crushing straw, and rotating cylinder 11 outlets are connected with material storing box 2 by feeding channel 14, one shift fork 21He of the interior setting of material storing box 2, bis-road shift forks 22, one shift fork 21He bis-road shift fork 22 step arrangement is in material storing box 2 inside, the outlet of material storing box 2 is connected with binder 3, the interior strand roller 31 that circumferential arrangement is set of binder 3, binder 3 comprises a fixed bin 32 and a movable cabin 33, strand roller 31 is driven by a threephase asynchronous 5, movable cabin 33 arranges an induction installation approach switch 34 with fixed bin 32 belows, fix a cylinder 8 above the fixed bin 32 of binder 3, piston rod 9 one of the connection of cylinder 8 are removed and are pressed on 10 on movable cabin 33 under gas pressure, binder 3 arranges and automatically send rope mechanism 6, automatically send rope mechanism 6 to be fixed on material storing box 2 by base plate 66, automatically send rope mechanism 6 to comprise a micro machine 61, micro machine 61 is connected with a driving gear 62, driving gear 62 drives two driven gears of arranging side by side 63 and rotates, an initiatively rubber roll 64 is set respectively on two driven gears 63, one side of two active rubber rolls 64 arranges a driven rubber roll 65, bundle rope 67 can be from the gap between active rubber roll 64 and driven rubber roll 65 through, also be provided with automatic flexible strapping machine structure 7 on binder, automatic flexible strapping machine structure 7 comprises transmission system 71, crank connecting link 72, swing connecting bar 73, and the bale 75 and the rope bundle 76 that are arranged on automatic flexible strapping machine structure 7 both sides, transmission system 71 drives crank connecting link 72 motions, crank connecting link 72 and then drive swing connecting bar 73 are made reciprocally swinging, thereby make automatically to send the bundle rope 67 of rope mechanism 6 to be tied up on bale 75, the blade 74 that is used for cutting off bundle rope 67 also is set on automatic flexible strapping machine structure 7, transmission system 71 comprises a reductor 711, the output shaft of reductor 711 connects a clutch 712, clutch 712 connects respectively shift fork 713 and rotating disk 715, shift fork 713 belows connect an electromagnet 714, coating machine 4 is arranged on movable cabin 33 the place aheads of binder 3.
When stalk comprehensive utilization all-in-one of the present invention uses, stalk is introduced into kneading machine 1, the rejection tablet 12 of rotating through rotating cylinder 11 inner high speed of kneading machine 1 is smashed stalk, relend and help wind-force to deliver in material storing box 2 by feeding channel 14, at the interior shift fork through the twice step arrangement of material storing box 2, the stalk of accomplishing fluently is delivered in binder 3, forage is in the interior one-tenth web-like rolling of binder 3, when forage reaches a certain amount of, produce certain expansive force, the induction installation approach switch 34 that movable cabin 33 and fixed bin 32 belows arrange, send signal while buying securities with all one's capital, starting 7 pairs of bales of automatic flexible strapping machine structure is tied up, after tying up, start the device that opens a position, cylinder 8 airflow directions change, starting movable cabin 33 opens a position, the bale of tying up enters in coating machine 4 and carries out quantitative coating.。
Automatically the rope mechanical work principle that send of the present invention is: micro machine 61 is after obtaining density sensor 34 instructions, start driving gear 62 rotations, driving gear 62 drives two driven gears 63 and makes rotating Vortex, the active rubber roll 64 be connected on driven gear 63 is also made rotating Vortex, driven rubber roll 64 is squeezed on active rubber roll 65, bundle rope 67 passes between active rubber roll 64 and driven rubber roll 65, thereby under the acting in conjunction of active rubber roll 64 and driven rubber roll 65, bundle rope 67 slips into bale 75 automatically, goes to carry out the task of tying up.
Automatic flexible strapping machine structure operation principle of the present invention is: the power shaft of the reductor 711 of transmission system 71 is by a certain strand roller transmission of binder 3 inside, the output shaft of reductor 711 connects a clutch 712, clutch 712 connects respectively shift fork 713 and rotating disk 715, shift fork 713 belows connect an electromagnet 714, when electromagnet 714 adhesive, clutch 712 closes up, driving rotating disk 715 rotates, thereby driving crank connecting rod 72, drive swing connecting bar 73 and make reciprocally swinging, thereby make automatically to send the rope bundle rope 67 that mechanism 6 sends here to be tied up on bale 75, bundle rope 67 is back and forth tied up one back and forth on bale 75, bundle rope 67 is cut off by blade 74, tied up, prepare operation next time.

Claims (4)

1. a stalk fully utilizes all-in-one, mainly by kneading machine, material storing box, binder and coating machine, formed, it is characterized in that kneading machine is comprised of the rotating cylinder and the motor that are arranged on frame, rotating cylinder inside arranges some rejection tablets that are used for crushing straw, and the rotating cylinder outlet is connected with material storing box by feeding channel; One shift fork and two road shift forks are set in material storing box, the outlet of material storing box is connected with binder, the strand roller of circumferential arrangement is set in binder, binder comprises a fixed bin and a movable cabin, the strand roller is driven by a threephase asynchronous, movable cabin and fixed bin below arrange an induction installation approach switch, fix a cylinder above the fixed bin of binder, and the piston rod of cylinder connects one and removes being pressed on movable cabin under gas pressure; Coating machine is arranged on movable cabin the place ahead of binder.
2. stalk according to claim 1 comprehensive utilization all-in-one, is characterized in that one shift fork and two road shift fork step arrangements are in material storing box inside.
3. stalk according to claim 1 fully utilizes all-in-one, it is characterized in that binder arrange automatically send the rope mechanism, automatically send rope mechanism to comprise a micro machine, micro machine is connected with a driving gear, driving gear drives two driven gears of arranging side by side and rotates, an initiatively rubber roll is set respectively on two driven gears, two initiatively a side of rubber rolls a driven rubber roll is set, the bundle rope can be from the gap between active rubber roll and driven rubber roll through.
4. stalk according to claim 1 fully utilizes all-in-one, it is characterized in that binder is provided with the automatic flexible strapping machine structure, the automatic flexible strapping machine structure comprises transmission system, crank connecting link, swing connecting bar, and the bale and the rope bundle that are arranged on automatic flexible strapping machine structure both sides, transmission system drives crank rod movement, crank connecting link and then drive swing connecting bar are made reciprocally swinging, thereby make automatically to send the bundle rope of rope mechanism to be tied up on bale, the blade that is used for cutting off the bundle rope also is set on the automatic flexible strapping machine structure, transmission system comprises a reductor, the output shaft of reductor connects a clutch, clutch connects respectively shift fork and rotating disk, the shift fork below connects an electromagnet.
CN201310385198.5A 2013-08-21 2013-08-21 Stalk comprehensive utilization all-in-one Expired - Fee Related CN103444369B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310385198.5A CN103444369B (en) 2013-08-21 2013-08-21 Stalk comprehensive utilization all-in-one

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310385198.5A CN103444369B (en) 2013-08-21 2013-08-21 Stalk comprehensive utilization all-in-one

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CN103444369B CN103444369B (en) 2016-08-17

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104544515A (en) * 2015-02-03 2015-04-29 灵璧县牧洋机械装备有限公司 Silage rubbing, round-baling and packing integrated machine
CN105210584A (en) * 2015-09-28 2016-01-06 单县浮龙湖现代农业机械设备有限公司 A kind of maize straw bundling coating all-in-one
CN105248020A (en) * 2015-11-02 2016-01-20 程振勇 Crushing-free seeder
CN112425349A (en) * 2020-11-03 2021-03-02 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 Industrial hemp cutting and bundling machine and hemp cutting and bundling method

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU1530136A1 (en) * 1986-04-30 1989-12-23 Головное Специализированное Конструкторское Бюро По Машинам Для Хлопководства Machine for pressing raw cotton
CN201219387Y (en) * 2008-06-24 2009-04-15 任路旗 Circular binding machine for pulverizing stalk
CN101715678A (en) * 2009-12-09 2010-06-02 东北农业大学 Binding mechanism of round-binding pick-up binder
CN201718232U (en) * 2010-07-16 2011-01-26 新乡市花溪机械制造有限公司 Reciprocating screw rod type rope winding and binding structure in silage round bale machine
CN202197580U (en) * 2011-08-22 2012-04-25 天津锦田顺程农机有限公司 Machine for rolling, cutting and laying straws of long-stalk crops into strips
CN202206753U (en) * 2011-08-05 2012-05-02 新疆中收农牧机械公司 Self-propelled straw harvesting, twisting, grinding, bundling and wrapping machine
CN102742423A (en) * 2012-07-09 2012-10-24 李政权 Steel-roller-type round straw bundle pick-up baler
CN203407247U (en) * 2013-08-21 2014-01-29 乐陵市天力工程机械有限公司 Integrated straw comprehensive utilization machine

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU1530136A1 (en) * 1986-04-30 1989-12-23 Головное Специализированное Конструкторское Бюро По Машинам Для Хлопководства Machine for pressing raw cotton
CN201219387Y (en) * 2008-06-24 2009-04-15 任路旗 Circular binding machine for pulverizing stalk
CN101715678A (en) * 2009-12-09 2010-06-02 东北农业大学 Binding mechanism of round-binding pick-up binder
CN201718232U (en) * 2010-07-16 2011-01-26 新乡市花溪机械制造有限公司 Reciprocating screw rod type rope winding and binding structure in silage round bale machine
CN202206753U (en) * 2011-08-05 2012-05-02 新疆中收农牧机械公司 Self-propelled straw harvesting, twisting, grinding, bundling and wrapping machine
CN202197580U (en) * 2011-08-22 2012-04-25 天津锦田顺程农机有限公司 Machine for rolling, cutting and laying straws of long-stalk crops into strips
CN102742423A (en) * 2012-07-09 2012-10-24 李政权 Steel-roller-type round straw bundle pick-up baler
CN203407247U (en) * 2013-08-21 2014-01-29 乐陵市天力工程机械有限公司 Integrated straw comprehensive utilization machine

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104544515A (en) * 2015-02-03 2015-04-29 灵璧县牧洋机械装备有限公司 Silage rubbing, round-baling and packing integrated machine
CN105210584A (en) * 2015-09-28 2016-01-06 单县浮龙湖现代农业机械设备有限公司 A kind of maize straw bundling coating all-in-one
CN105210584B (en) * 2015-09-28 2017-08-08 单县浮龙湖现代农业机械设备有限公司 A kind of maize straw bundling coating all-in-one
CN105248020A (en) * 2015-11-02 2016-01-20 程振勇 Crushing-free seeder
CN112425349A (en) * 2020-11-03 2021-03-02 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 Industrial hemp cutting and bundling machine and hemp cutting and bundling method

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Granted publication date: 20160817

Termination date: 20190821