CN103371089A - Manual dew collection drip irrigation and purification of urban air and automobile exhaust - Google Patents

Manual dew collection drip irrigation and purification of urban air and automobile exhaust Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103371089A
CN103371089A CN201210124664XA CN201210124664A CN103371089A CN 103371089 A CN103371089 A CN 103371089A CN 201210124664X A CN201210124664X A CN 201210124664XA CN 201210124664 A CN201210124664 A CN 201210124664A CN 103371089 A CN103371089 A CN 103371089A
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air
dew
urban
drip irrigation
water
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屈海山
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屈海山
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection, e.g. against extreme weather
    • Y02A50/20Air quality improvement or preservation, e.g. vehicle emission control or emission reduction by using catalytic converters
    • Y02A50/2351Atmospheric particulate matter [PM], e.g. carbon smoke microparticles, smog, aerosol particles, dust
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/12Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries using renewable energies, e.g. solar water pumping

Abstract

The invention relates to manual dew collection drip irrigation and purification of urban air and automobile exhaust. The nature dew forming principle is simulated, physical means such as outdoor air suction, compression, dew condensation, absorption, collection and air filtering are performed to obtain dew for greening drip irrigation water source, simultaneously the urban automobile exhaust, PM (Particulate Matter) 10 ultrafine particles and poisonous gases are glued through tiny water drops during the air compression, condensation and absorption process, the ultrafine particles and micro dust are solidified to be precipitated in the water to form into mineral substances, and finally fresh pure air is discharged after filtration. According to the technical scheme, water collection is performed completely by simulating the nature dew forming principle and procedure; meanwhile special functions such as purifying the urban automobile exhaust and the ultrafine particles in the air are provided; a reliable drip irrigation water source is provided for tree planting and afforestation; the dew collection and purification device cost is zero due to the fact that the complementary electric power is provided through solar energy and small-sized wind energy; the device has a single function type and a multi-function type.

Description

Artificial dew catchment drip irrigation and urban air and purifying vehicle exhaust
Technical field
The invention belongs to artificial dew collection is used for drip irrigation and purifies the environmental protection technical field that is polluted by city automobile tail gas and fine particles; relating generally to invention gathers for drip irrigation in artificial dew mode for airborne steam; simultaneously, eliminate the air purifying process scheme that urban air vehicle exhaust and PM10 fine particles are polluted.
Background technology
The present invention forms principle by natural imitation circle dew, employing is to physical means such as outdoor air suction, compression, condensation, absorption, dew collection and filtrations, realize that artificial dew collection is used for drip irrigation, and reach the purpose of purifying city air and vehicle exhaust with this flow process.Belong to the double technique background that novel dew collection is used for the plantation drip irrigation and administers urban air pollution from using.Belong to imitation the Nature dew formation principle from the invention process method and invent artificial dew new technology flow process, this techniqueflow has manufacture of intraocular dew and purifying city air double technique function.Main technical flows is comprised of " air temperature raising flow process on the ground " and " underground air condensation adsorption flow process " two parts: (1) acrial part: air is after suction on the ground, air is compressed and utilizes solar energy heating to carry out warming and humidifying, make water in air vapour realize maximum saturation; (2) under ground portion: air is admitted to underground cold condensate and adsorption process, mainly is easy to dew by utilization and forms air velocity and transfer Gentle composite glass fiber pipework condensation and adsorbent particles water droplet to realize.Owing to undergroundly be in relative temperature constant state, and meet the above requirement of dew-point temperature " zero " degree, so, by for air temperature raising, airborne steam relative moisture is increased, relatively warm-humid air compressed send under ground portion with dew the flow velocity of easy formation airborne steam is condensed rapidly, forming artificial dew drips, then, obtain the water source in absorptive collection water droplet mode.In air temperature raising, condensation and adsorption process, fine particle, dust and pollutant etc. follow the hydrone coprecipitation to become water droplet in the portion of air, make the process of air setting identical with the process that rainwater forms, simultaneously, it also is the process that is inhaled into air cleaning, be discharged after last air installs the pure fresh air of rear formation after filtration, reach urban air and purify purpose.
The technology of the present invention background belongs to artificial dew collection and drip irrigation greening water-saving category from the Nature air, on the one hand the present invention has by utilization in the air of certain relative moisture and obtains artificial dew water source, be used for the urban afforestation drip irrigation economize, agricultural drop irrigation, the mountain area, arid, semiarid, Gobi desert and Desert Area source of irrigation water, another importance, from administering on the urban air pollution (vehicle exhaust), the present invention is except providing the water saving of drip irrigation water source for urban afforestation, also have purifying city air function, eliminate vehicle exhaust PM10 fine particles for the harm of urban air.
The present invention compares with existing air water-intaking invention, the difference of essence is all arranged: consult similar invention Granted publication number at aspects such as inventive principle, flow path device and application: the device of CN 101614028B<utilize wind energy from air, to fetch water 〉, this invention is mainly with its special device and the water intaking of suction module.Consult again similar invention Granted publication CN1217070C<be used for extracting from the surrounding air equipment of drinking water 〉, its inventive principle and use and belong to the different technologies field fully, just water intaking one class device from air.So through looking into all similar inventions, no matter its air suction technology is from water intaking principle and implementation, or range of application and concrete effect etc. all have the difference of essence with the present invention.Another kind of artificial rainfall technology, by in air catalysis on a large scale, produce short time Precipitation Clouds on a large scale, thereby, forming local dewatering, such technology efficiency of producing drinking water is high, but, artificial precipitation does not possess continuation and chronicity from the time, just solves interim damage caused by a drought, can not provide long-term, stable and reliable water source.The present invention forms flow process by imitation dew, can obtain to stablize, reliable and controlled water source, therefore, the present invention be different from fully artificial rainfall technology and other with special material from the air intake technology that absorbs water.The present invention is applied to city or open-air artificial dew and catchments and belong to the New Water Resources development field, is particularly useful for the city and obtains artificial dew and be used for the drip irrigation greening, has the effect of saving urban water.
The present invention compares with existing other air purifying process, and range of application is diverse.Other air purifying process only limits to indoor or the enclosed environment air cleaning, this class air purifying process pollutes for urban air pollution, vehicle exhaust and the PM10 fine particles etc. of open space feels simply helpless, compare with the present invention, belong to diverse range of application.Sharpest edges of the present invention are that city automobile tail gas pollution and the fine particles of eliminating open space are polluted this global problem, countries in the world all do not have reliable solution and technological invention for city automobile tail gas pollution and fine particles pollution at present, so, the invention provides and eliminate the harm that city automobile tail gas brings, alleviate the technical scheme of PM10 fine particles and grey haze suspended solid pollutant in the urban air, effectively purifying city air and vehicle exhaust.
Further contrast the present invention and other artificial air water-intaking invention, other air suction invention belongs to the small air water fetching device, do not support the technique effect of large-scale irrigation, do not possess another important feature of the present invention: administer the especially function of vehicle exhaust PM10 pollution of urban air yet, so, the invention belongs to the catchment air cleaning of drip irrigation and Environments in Urban Open Spaces of artificial dew, be essentially different with existing other air water-intaking technology, its characteristics are as follows: first, natural imitation dew formation principle and flow process are catchmented fully, second, the distinguishing feature that has simultaneously fine particles in purifying city automobile exhaust pollution and the air, the 3rd, for planting greening provides reliable drip irrigation water source, the 4th, by adopting solar energy and small-sized wind energy to provide electric power complementary, dew catchment operation " zero " cost and practicality simple to operate.Five, technical scheme has multifunctional type and sets single functional form.
Further compare the present invention and other indoor or enclosed environment air purifying process, at present, all air purifying process are only limited to for air in indoor air or the enclosure space and purify on the whole world, this class technology is for the air pollution of Environments in Urban Open Spaces, especially at a loss what to do as main pollution source can be described as take city automobile tail gas, up to the present there is not technical solution.The present invention is directed to this global problem and propose solution, air pollution, automobile exhaust pollution, PM10 fine particles and other suspended pollution etc. that are mainly used in Environments in Urban Open Spaces provide air purifying process scheme and implementing method, and this is the maximum difference of the air purifying process of the present invention and other enclosed environment.The present invention is applied to the outdoor air pollutions such as urban transportation arterial highway, residential quarter, roadside and outdoor environment and purifies in the city, simultaneously, carrying out artificial dew catchments for the drip irrigation water source of urban afforestation, has city automobile tail gas clean-up and artificial water intaking double effects.
Further specify the present invention for the importance of eliminating the city automobile tail gas pollution and have great social benefit.The extreme low-altitude pollution of city automobile tail gas has become the main cause of present urban air pollution, and in fact urban human is lived among the vehicle exhaust.Exhaust pollutant consists of complicated, contain hundreds of different compound, wherein much belong to carcinogen, impact on health is very direct, particle in the vehicle exhaust causes respiratory tract and PUD D easily, carbon monoxide harm central nervous system, and nitrogen oxide causes the respiratory system functional disturbance easily, the toxic heavy metal elements such as plumbous manganese can cause disease of cardiovascular system, and affect function and the nervous system of the vitals such as liver, kidney.These particulates are referred to as PM10 particulate (volume is less than 10 micrograms) or PM2.5 particulate (volume is less than 2.5 micrograms) by its volume size.Particularly when traffic congestion, road periphery tail gas and PM10 pollution concentration are high, and for the crowd on the pavement, near resident healthy causes direct harm.Vehicle exhaust and PM10 fine particles are when directly being detrimental to health, and its prolonged and repeated accumulation will form mist (ash) haze weather.This haze then is called " gentle killer " by people, even if the western countries that urban air pollution is effectively controlled, annual still have large quantities of people to die from the city automobile tail gas pollution, and its quantity is far away more than the quantity because of traffic accident death.Trace it to its cause, its essence is that the PM10 fine particle pollutes, main gas pollutant from motor vehicle exhaust emission, pass through again a series of photochemical reactions formed " secondary pollutant ", possesses strong toxicity, so 70% of urban air pollution is caused by vehicle exhaust.At present, the whole world also only limits to develop new energy automobile, catalysis pollution source, reduces the indirectly solutions such as city automobile quantity and reduction travel speed for the improvement of city automobile tail gas pollution, do not have the direct technology solution for automobile exhaust pollution in the present city, the invention provides technical scheme and effective urban air purification techniques scheme of direct elimination vehicle exhaust harm.
Elimination vehicle exhaust provided by the invention, the technical method of minimizing PM10 fine particles pollution and purifying city air belongs to physical method, can not produce second and pollute.The present invention adopts solar energy and small-sized wind energy clear energy sources mode to provide electric power to implement to eliminate the city automobile tail gas pollution, does not realize to consume the conventional electric power energy mode.In addition, just because of the electric power that consumes is the power resources that provided by solar energy power generating and small-sized wind power generation, so the present invention is used for eliminating system and device employing " zero " operating cost of city automobile tail gas pollution.Consider that from operating cost the present invention can carry out large-scale application in urban road, the intensive place of traffic, park, greening residential quarter, on the other hand, decapacitation of the present invention is administered outside city automobile tail gas pollution and the clean room's outer air, can export pure air.By the physical means such as air intake, compression, condensation, absorption and filtration are obtained the dew water source, it directly is the greening drip irrigation economize of trees, park vegetation and the residential quarter on road next door.According to Technology design, every table apparatus per minute can purify the contaminated air of 10-30 cubic meter, exports simultaneously the pure air of 10-30 cubic meter, thereby makes the harm of city automobile tail gas greatly reduce and reduce.As calculated, every table apparatus can be processed the tail gas that 5 automobile city travel speeds are discharged, if fill one " dew catchments and air cleaning unit " on the urban road limit every the 5-10 meter ampere, can eliminate the harm that the city breathing zone is exceeded standard etc. and to be caused by PM10 fraction of particle in vehicle exhaust, grey haze dust and the air fully.
Summary of the invention
The present invention relates to use and natural imitation circle dew forms that mechanism invents that artificial dew catchments and Environments in Urban Open Spaces air purifying process scheme and develop that artificial dew mode is catchmented and the urban air clarification system.Technical characteristics involved in the present invention and summary of the invention: the 1. complete principle that forms of natural imitation circle dew, temperature, flow velocity and the dew that is easy to form with dew receive and obtain artificial dew and reveal to drip and collect; 2. on the ground carry out the warming and humidifying flow process behind (breathing zone) air amount, be compressed to the underground flow processs such as dew point cold condensate, collection water droplet and air filtering of carrying out; 3. cold condensate, collection water droplet and air filtering flow process realize that urban air vehicle exhaust and PM10 fine particles purify; 4. urban dew collection and air purifying process scheme and system and device<see figure (1) 〉; 5. dew gathers technology of water catchment scheme and system and device<see figure (2) 〉; 6. urban highway traffic arterial highway, overpass and residential quarter range of application<see figure (3,4,5) 〉; 7. use for mountain area, Gobi desert, desert and without water head site territory drinking-water and source of irrigation water; 8. adopt solar energy and wind power generation to carry out DC micro-electric and store, output AC 220V has the characteristics of zero run cost as catchment power source with air cleaning of air.
1, artificial dew and dew drip the invention mechanism of collecting:
Because the light and heat that the sun brings to the earth, earth moisture is evaporated in the atmosphere, moisture in the atmosphere form the rain factor impact rain be transformed into, the hydrogenesis precipitation phenomenons such as snow, dew, mist and frost, but, the precipitation phenomenon of occurring in nature is subjected to the impact of the factors such as atmospheric circulation, cross-ventilation, topography and geomorphology, surface evaporation, relative moisture, heating power and air force, and precipitation is extremely unstable.Artificial dew is the principle of natural imitation dew, adopts that compression heats, the means such as humidification, underground condensation and catalytic adsorption impel dew to form.Dew forms and the main invention mechanism that gathers: 1. temperature is higher, and the moisture that air holds is more, and 1 cubic metre air is when above freezing 4 spend, and it is many that multipotency holds 6 grams, and 20 Du Shikeda, 17 grams above freezing are many.2. the dew-point temperature that belongs to relative constant temperature below the earth's surface, above zero namely, namely steam from the ground compressed heat to deliver to undergroundly be easy to form the flow velocity condensation with dew and form dew.3. the dew gathering unit adopts the characteristics of bionic principle imitation plant leaf blade surface fine hair absorption steam, the present invention uses the composite glass fiber material to be easy to dew formation condition decline low-pressure and temperature what air-flow had relative temperature difference and a flow velocity, enlarge simultaneously steam condensation contact area, ultra micro is coarse, the velvet-like fiber catalysis dew of poor thermal conductivity drips for steam condensation contact surface provides, the suede thorn on similar some plant such as Indian fig surface is easy to accept the principle of steam, and the condenser pipe tube wall requires a permeable watertight.
2, the air purifying process invention mechanism of city automobile tail gas and PM10 fine particles:
The present invention is mainly with behind the air intake, utilize metastable humidity in the air, air compressing is made its warming and humidifying, after forming maximum water-vapo(u)r saturation state, regulate induction air flow ratio, formation dew condenses, re-using a dew harvester gathers, form stable dew water source with this, above-mentioned flow scheme design also is fine particles and the flow process of other toxic compounds with water droplet precipitation, curing in the air, again discharged finally by the pure air that filters, thereby, realize that city automobile treating tail gas and urban air purify.The PM10 that is produced by vehicle exhaust in the urban air or PM2.5 fine particles and toxic compounds are sticked by trickle water droplet is sticking in air compressing condensation adsorption process, PM10 fine particles and dust are solidified to be deposited in form the grandidierite compound in the water.Because solidify the flow process effect, airborne steam makes air be purified completely after condensation more after filtration.Collect the dew water source with solidfied material of getting and be directly used in drip irrigation and absorbed by plants and soil and degrade, no longer produce secondary pollution.
3, catchment drip irrigation and urban air purification techniques scheme of the artificial dew in city
Urban water resource shortage and urban air pollution are the Main Bottlenecks of restriction urban development.For solving this global problem, can ensured sustained development, stably and " zero " operating cost obtain urban afforestation drip irrigation water source and purifying city air, administer vehicle exhaust and PM10 to the pollution that urban air brings, alleviate and eliminate the major hidden danger of bringing to urban human health.
Be to solve urban water resource shortage and urban air automobile exhaust pollution problem, it is as follows that the present invention has created catchment drip irrigation and urban air purification techniques scheme of urban dew:
The technical program forms principle acquisition water droplet with natural imitation circle dew and catchments and urban air purification dual-use function and double goal.When urban air pollution is serious, can select the purification single function mode, add bigger device purifying city contaminated air ability, every table apparatus per minute can minimum purification 30 cubic metres air, per hour purify 1800 cubic metres of outdoor airs, simultaneously, the pure air that per minute output is 30 cubic metres is per hour exported 1800 pure airs.Collect dew water source 14400 grams every day between 43200 grams, this technical scheme comprises following content:
1, range of application: be applied to by the intensive major trunk roads of city vehicle traffic, the road, the place such as viaduct, residential quarter, public lawn and park.
2, operator scheme: 1. by day or vehicle when intensive, or air pollution adopts the air cleaning single function mode when serious, mainly is the purpose that reduces urban air pollution in order to reach; 2. when night or vehicular traffic are rare, adopt the dew single function mode that catchments, for greenery patches and the trees in roadside provide the greening drip irrigation to supply water; 3. adopt dew to catchment and air cleaning double mode, this double mode being suitable for without air pollution time the, or air pollution is adopted when lighter.
3, main device and design cycle:
(1) vane type of turbine air intake pattern: 1. automatic mode-when outdoor temperature is between 0-20 ℃ adopts the automatic mode of solar energy heating air temperature raising, 2. summer mode and 3. winter mode directly supply gas to condenser pipe, solar energy heating heats condenser pipe, intake velocity can be adjusted with airometer amount flow process as required automatically, to satisfy cold condensate or filtration, purification requirement.
(2) air temperature raising humidification system device adopts solar energy heating to obtain to heat thermal source, automatically adjusts inlet channel with magnetic valve, by adjusting admission space, carries out pressure regulation.When adopting automatic mode, air amount heats and can adopt the direct heating of solar energy heat collection pipe to heat; Adopt during pattern in the winter time solar energy heating indirectly to heat, the underground heating mode of hot water hot-water heating makes cold air meet thermal coagulation to become to reveal to drip and catchment, and summer mode adopts the method for underground condensation (compressed air) forced refrigeration to realize.
(3) gas exchange cold condensate and dew acquisition system device: A. cold-hot (winter) air exchange/heat-cold (summer) air exchange condensation, cold and hot gas exchange becomes dew with condensation vapor, when processing contaminated air with large flow, adopt and strengthen cold-hot/heat-cold forced condensation, improve air cleaning speed; B. owing to the economize on electricity reason, when relative air humidity is unfavorable for that dew catchments, can adjust according to design cycle, only select purifying city air pollution function, or low speed air inlet isotype.C. the dew of this device catchments and the flow process of purifying air pollution is all carried out Intelligentized regulating and controlling by the center control panel, selects as required to start decontamination procedure and the condensation program of catchmenting, thereby, realize the greatest benefit of the limited energy.
(4) urban air filtration, purification and water source output system device are a lot of for airfiltering method, as adopting the filtered models such as active carbon filtration, filter cloth or moisture film, realize that high efficiency purifies air.
(5) electric device: adopt the small-sized wind power generation of solar cell and voluntarily research and development that electric power is provided.Solar panels and small-sized wind power generation provide power supply, and carry out little electric DC storage, store the electric power system that DC-AC voltage stabilizing 220V output control panel becomes with series-connected batteries by having inversion-little electricity.Even the charge storage ability of series connection accumulator still can be kept supply of electric power in 72 hours in without the situation of sunlight.
4, supply water, water saving and be soil gas transmission mode: urban afforestation employing underground buried tube drip irrigation pattern, can at utmost save the greening water source.Can provide greening drip irrigation water source for the other trees of road and greenery patches, namely manpower is saved again in water saving, realizes urban cells and park large-scale irrigation automation.When the intermittence of drip irrigation, can be that root system of plant is inputted a small amount of air by droping irrigating pipe, play effects such as promoting root system development, lax soil and balanced nutrient, save and manually dig and be soil aeration saving labour.This device can be according to surveying the soil moisture situation, and automatic water-supply drip irrigation and intermittently gas transmission, this function can realize vegetables and economic crops plantation irrigation automation.
5, master controller: main center control program, the coefficient of air pollution degree, temperature and the relative moisture of setting, assign each requirements of process standby of suction, compression, condensation and filtration, catchment or the instruction such as air cleaning, be responsible for to coordinate the function of each system and device, have serious air pollution early warning, plant failure early warning and report air cleaning and the effect such as the parameter of catchmenting.
6, appearance design: color is white, 20 centimetres of main diameters (or other intended diameter), the acrial part height is 1.5 meters, under ground portion is 1.5 meters, and outside material is rigid plastics, and inwall is stainless steel, interlayer is insulation material, tank is 300 liters or bulk container more, and material is plastics, and annotate: appearance design and material requested are adjusted as required.
7, function display: time, air themperature, relative moisture, pollution level parameter, condensation temperature, flow velocity, pressure, air cleaning quantity/time, pure air output quantity/time, air pollution Record Comparison, storage water yield and reserve of electricity etc.
8, installation requirement: should meet national relevant regulations, this apparatus main body should be fixed with cement, and the detection maintenance entrance of under ground portion is reserved in the side, is used for the under ground portion maintenance.
Description of drawings
By description of drawings, further set forth the summary of the invention of artificial dew collection and urban air pollution purification techniques, system and device structure and the method for operation.
1, Fig. 1 illustrates the artificial dew collection in city and urban air purification techniques device implementation:
The acrial part of this device and under ground portion are 1.5 meters respectively, and during installation, it is underground to guarantee that condensation portion is positioned at.Main body is cylinder shape, 20 centimetres of diameters or as required specification adjustment, and the water storage part can be fixed in addition according to greening drip irrigation needs.In addition, also can according to urban highway traffic and drip irrigation greening target, arrange installation.
Among the figure 1: air intlet, suck extraneous air by this import, air imbibed quantity can be selected and adjusts according to relative air humidity and air pollution degree; Among the figure 2: turbo blade inspiration (or selecting Roots or screw rod blower fan) air compresses air imbibed quantity per minute 10-30 cubic meter; Among the figure 3: air inlet flow velocity and thermoregulator, by air intake valve air velocity is controlled between the per second 1-2 rice, temperature reaches dew and gathers requirement; Among the figure 4: the composite glass fiber condenser pipe, be used for dew condensation and filtered air, this condensing unit has two kinds of designs: the first is 2.5 centimetres of double spiral tubes of diameter, thickness 1-1.5 centimetre composite glass fiber ultra micro fine hair is equipped with in the tube wall inboard, and the condenser pipe tube wall has the characteristics of electricity circle temperature adjustment function and a permeable watertight; The second design is comprised of 300-500 root composite glass fiber pipe, has the function of filtration, purification air, and major function realizes that when promoting the steam cold condensate urban air filters and purify target; Among the figure 5: condensed air is discharged after reaching after filtration the pure air standard; Among the figure 6: tank is used for storing and gathers the water source; Among the figure 7: solar-energy photo-voltaic cell or small-sized wind power generation, for the vane type of turbine induced-draught fan provides power supply; Among the figure 8: the water source delivery outlet; Among the figure 9: for the air relative temperature and the hygrosensor that suck after the compression; Among the figure 10: for the air relative temperature and the hygrosensor that suck before the compression; Among the figure 11: the control program chip of center; Among the figure 12: the ground level schematic diagram; Among the figure 13: the under ground portion schematic diagram.2, the embodiment of Fig. 2 explanation " dew technology of water catchment scheme " system and device:
The acrial part of dew technology of water catchment scheme system and device and the specification of under ground portion can be set as required separately, and the acrial part of this device and under ground portion equate in principle.When mounted, it is underground to guarantee that the steam condensation portion is positioned at.Fig. 2 is described as follows:
Among the figure 1: air intlet, a spiral air-introduced machine is installed in this import, sucks extraneous air, and power source mainly relies on solar cell and small-sized wind power generator, and air imbibed quantity is 10 to 30 cubic metres of per minutes; 2: two covers solar energy heating (warm braw heating tube) among the figure, be divided into automatic mode, summer mode and winter mode, automatic mode adopts a cover solar thermal collector, summer mode is directly inputted high temperature air, and winter mode adopts solar energy heating hot-water heating (or electricity is warm) condenser pipe.1. summer mode, according to measuring relative air humidity, control air inlet quantity, employing is directly inputted condenser pipe with air and is strengthened condensation, airborne steam is condensed rapidly, import tank after absorption, the inner cold air of device again carries out convection current with the hot-air of outside and condenses and catchment before discharge, then discharge air.Summer mode can adopt the function that increases forced condensation, and the speed that air setting is born water is accelerated.2. winter mode should adopt winter mode when outside air temperature is down to subzero, changes underground condenser pipe into solar energy heating hot-water heating underground heating pattern, and cool exterior air is met the hot water vapor condensation, obtains the water source after absorption.3. adopt automatic mode, when outside air temperature is between zero degree and 20 degree, adopt automatic mode, extraneous air is sent into condenser pipe and is carried out cold condensate after directly heating through solar energy heat collection pipe when sucking, and bears water after adsorbing, flow into tank, air is filtered rear direct discharge.More than three process modes all automatically finish separately according to designing in advance best flow process, all flow processs need to adjust according to outside air temperature and relative air humidity through master controller speed and the pressure of air amount, make airborne steam realize maximum saturation, and bear water index according to best condensation (or heating), the control air velocity, catchmented at last by the condensation adsorption device, the dew water source flows into tank again.Among the figure 3: turbo blade (single, double screw) air compressor, when compressed air was inputted, the flow velocity when controlling hot and humid air and entering condensation was in 2 meters of per seconds; Among the figure 4: the composite glass fiber condenser pipe is used for dew condensation; This device is comprised of 300-500 root composite glass fiber pipe, and major function is vaporific steam condensation to be formed dew catchment; Among the figure 5: solar thermal collector.Solar energy heat collection pipe partly is comprised of heating air part and hot water, and daytime, a part directly added hot-air by plate solar type heater, and another part heating water is used for winter mode or adds hot-air night using; Among the figure 6: tank is used for storing the water source; Among the figure 7: temperature and humidity sniffer, air themperature and humidity determine to form the effect that the dew water source gathers, and survey for the air after the compression, can adjust air velocity so that airborne steam is in best condensing state; Among the figure 8: cold and heat air switch, major function: 1. can be used for the last cold and hot gas exchange condensation of air, 2. can use as cold air in summer; Among the figure 9: the hot water storage tank, be used for stored hot water, add hot-air by hot-water heating; Among the figure 10: solar-energy photo-voltaic cell (available small-size wind power-generating replenishes power supply) provides power supply for the system dynamic device; Among the figure 11: condensed water occurs and dredge passage when air heat, some difference variation can occur and form to reveal and drip phenomenons when adding hot-air, this part water source also can reclaim by this passage; Among the figure 12: solar-energy photo-voltaic cell; Among the figure 13: after cold air was got rid of, part air again condensation catchmented; Among the figure 14: the water source supply pipe is used for that output is irrigated or the drinking-water water source; Among the figure 15: solar energy heat collector; Among the figure 16: air outlet slit is used for discharging air; Among the figure 17: heating installation output device in winter (belonging to selection and deployment); Among the figure 18: cold air output device in summer (belonging to selection and deployment);
3, Fig. 3 is urban road mounting structure figure:
In the city " urban dew catchments and the urban air purifier " block diagram illustrating: Fig. 3 is installed and is installed in the roadside of urban highway traffic comparatively dense arterial highway, filling a dew every the 5-10 meter ampere catchments and the urban air purifier, be mainly and eliminate the city automobile tail gas pollution, also greenery patches and the trees irrigation for the urban road next door provides long-term drip irrigation water source; 1 is vehicle exhaust among the figure, 2 purifiers that catchment among the figure, and 3 drip irrigation pipe among the figure, 4 is the other greenbelt of road among the figure, and 5 is road among the figure, and 6 is drip irrigation net among the figure.
4, Fig. 4 urban viaduct employing prolongation airline and a plurality of device are installed concentratedly underground and are concentrated condensation to catchment, and the urban air of vehicle exhaust PM10 fine particles purifies; 1 is the urban viaduct pontic among the figure, greenbelt under the Bridge 2 among the figure, 3 condensation water storage devices among the figure; The 4 air purifier that catchments among the figure; 5 is body of a bridge side scheme of installation among the figure; 6 bridge piers among the figure, 7 gas transport pipelines among the figure; 8 is water pipe for drip irrigation among the figure; 9 are gas discharge outlet after purifying among the figure.
5, Fig. 5 illustrates that greenery patches, residential quarter drip irrigation economize and urban air purify mounting structure figure.
Drip irrigation net catchments in 1 residential quarter among the figure; 2 is greenbelt in little residential region among the figure; 3 is the residential block among the figure; 4 catchment and air cleaning unit for dew among the figure.
6, Fig. 6 provides solar cell and small-sized wind energy complementary electrical power line map for " urban dew catchments and air cleaning unit ".1 small-sized wind power generator among the figure; 2 solar energy power generatings among the figure; 3 is wind energy and solar storage battery among the figure; 4 little electricity store and 220V voltage stabilizing out-put supply control panel among the figure; 5 solar energy power generatings and small-sized wind power generation output 220V voltage-stabilized power supply supply line among the figure.
Embodiment
1, artificial dew catchments and urban air purifier suitable application region:
(1) by urban traffic trunk line, residential quarter, the road, urban green space and park.
(2) can't obtain the mountain area, desert, Gobi desert of underground water source and throughout the year without the area of precipitation.
(3) agriculture green house of vegetables, nursery and farmland etc. are located.
(4) any field, frontier defense and can't obtain the zone, water source.
(5) independent house and villa are used for obtaining the drinking-water water source.
2, the main operational steps of system and device of the present invention:
The first step, suck extraneous air with air-introduced machine, per minute 10-30 cubic metres of air; (1) as in the urban transportation arterial highway, road is other installs, air admission hole is rectangle, towards road direction, highly is positioned at breathing zone; Air vent in the opposite direction, or walkway; (2) as installing in residential quarter and park, air admission hole adopts four direction air inlet and four direction to discharge air.
Second step, compress conveying for air amount, heat for the air that sucks by electric heating or solar energy heat collection pipe.
The 3rd step, use automatic electromagnetic valve control air amount compression or directly transmission make it to form the hot and humid air-flow with steam maximum saturation state.
The 4th step, according to air relative temperature and humidity, adjust air velocity, with the flow velocity input condenser pipe of air-flow with maximum 2 meters of per second, so that condensation forms the dew water droplet rapidly.
The 5th step, water droplet are from condenser pipe terminal drippage, and air filter purifies for air, and air purifies rear discharge fully, and water droplet imports in bottom or the concentrated water storage device.
The 6th step, air exhausting device carry out last cold and hot exchange with extraneous air with the inner cryogenic air when discharging, forming section water droplet remittance water storage device.(only being used for figure (2) dew collecting system device)
3, the major function of system and device: system and device adopts solar energy or small-sized wind power generation that the electric power air amount is provided, and compresses incessantly for the air that sucks, and condensation is catchmented and carried out air cleaning; In the serious situation of city automobile tail gas, can not adopt and catchment and the difunctional pattern of air cleaning, select the air cleaning single function mode, per minute can purify 30 cubic metres of urban airs (vehicle exhaust).
(1) utilize small-sized wind energy and photovoltaic solar panel that power supply is provided, drive the turbo blade induced-draught fan, (special captation is sent outside natural air into solar energy heat collector) sets up the air-breathing speed of air inlet pattern solenoid control and pattern.
(2) adopt solar energy heat collector winter, this solar energy heat collector is comprised of two parts such as solar energy vacuum tube thermal-arrest and solar energy cycle water collecting plates: first is that solar vacuum heat-collecting pipe is used for the air that directly heating sucks; The direct Heating Cyclic water of another part collecting plate is used for starting hot-water heating at night or when solar energy vacuum tube can not directly heat the air of suction and heats the method that reaches the acceleration condensation.
(3) with air themperature divide automatically, three kinds of patterns of winter and summer: automatic mode-air between zero degree to 20 degree, winter mode-air subzero, summer mode-air is more than 20 degree
(4) air flow controller: control air velocity, temperature and humidity, in order to obtain the air-flow of maximum saturation steam.
The mechanism of said system device is set: temperature is higher, and it is more that air holds steam.Utilize solar energy heating, directly heat air amount daytime, utilize night the hot water of solar energy heating on daytime to heat for the air that sucks, this system security whole day obtain the air of stable relatively-high temperature high humidity, for next step gas flow process provides hot and humid gas source stable, that continue.
(5) pressurized humidification system and device, turbo blade air compressing mode (can select single screw compressor) with the air amount pressurized humidification, realizes the steam maximum saturation.
(6) airflow controlled magnetic valve: the major function of control damper is the flow velocity before the hot and humid condensation of control, makes it be easy to the rapid formation of dew.
(7) steam condensation, absorption and air filtering system device, adopt bionic device, the characteristics of imitation plant leaf blade surface fine hair absorption steam, adopt the composite glass fiber material to have on the basis of relative temperature difference and flow velocity at air-flow, enlarge the steam condensation area, the condensing surface needs are coarse, the velvet-like ultra micro composite glass fiber of poor thermal conductivity, and the condenser pipe tube wall requires to have the characteristics such as electrical heating, a permeable watertight; The native system device makes in the urban air PM10 or PM2.5 fine particles be solidificated in the water droplet, for non-urban area, the water source that catchments such as mountain area or Gobi desert increases water droplet mineral content by solidification, except being used for irrigation, also can be used as the drinking water water source and uses.
(8) master controller: main center control program, the coefficient of air pollution degree, temperature and the relative moisture of setting, assign suction, compression, condensation and each flow process of filtration standby, catchment or the instruction such as air cleaning, be responsible for coordinating the function of each system and device, have serious air pollution early warning, plant failure early warning and the effects such as report purification and the parameter of catchmenting.
(9) realize that artificial dew catchments and urban air pollution purifies the electric power that only need consume, power source adopt solar-energy photo-voltaic cell and and small-size wind power-generating direct current complemental power-generation, storing control panel by little electricity is stored in electricity in the accumulator, be system and device output 220V voltage stabilizing alternating current by the series connection accumulator, guarantee the system and device service behaviour.
Beneficial effect
Beneficial effect of the present invention mainly is divided into two parts: first is for eliminating PM10 fine particles in the harm of city automobile tail gas and the purifying city air, has simultaneously urban afforestation catchment water saving and improvement urban air pollution double effects.Second portion is artificial water resources development, and dew catchments for source of irrigation water and drinking-water water source.
(1), turns calculating by the average 2.0L engine of city automobile per minute 1000, average each automobile per minute is got rid of 2 cubic metres of tail gas (containing the PM10 fine particles), every " urban dew catchments and air cleaning unit " average per minute sucks the 10-30 cubic metres of air, at least equal the discharge capacity of 5 automobile per minute vehicle exhausts, if fill one " urban dew catchments and air cleaning unit " every the 5-10 meter ampere, traffic jam or travel with urban transportation speed no matter, the harm of city automobile tail gas can elimination.
(2), press mean temperature of air 20 degree and calculate, every cubic metres of air 5-10 gram that can catchment, per hour air amount is 600 cubic metres, the 3000-6000 that catchments gram sucks 14400 cubic metres of air every day, the 72000-144000 that catchments gram.Adopt the drip irrigation pattern substantially to satisfy the trees greening water of urban road periphery, can save a large amount of water sources for urban afforestation.
(3), for residential quarter, park and public lawn, catchment by this device, permanent drip irrigation water source is provided, save the urban afforestation water.Meanwhile, for the public environment in city purifies air, if adopt the pipe laying drip irrigation method, can satisfy the irrigation requirement on trees, plant and lawn.In addition, can be the root system of plant gas transmission by droping irrigating pipe, Promoting plant growth.So underground drip irrigation of the present invention namely has architecture, have again air delivery function, simultaneously, for space outerpace is created good fresh air environment.
(4), the city automobile tail gas pollution is administered is urgent problem that countries in the world face, urban air pollution brings great healthy hidden danger to people's city life.The present invention has the functions such as the toxic dust that reduces the urban air breathing zone, carcinogenic suspension and minimizing dirt in air by the purifying city air.
(5), because the present invention adopts solar energy and wind energy that electric power is provided, when obtaining the dew water source and filtering city automobile tail gas, without polluting and " zero " operation cost any second time, be with complete green means improvement city automobile tail gas pollution.Just because of the present invention's " zero " operating cost, so technical solution of the present invention and device are adapted at Urban Large scale and install and use.
(6), every air catchments purifier as being installed in the city, can play the urban afforestation water saving effect, can save a large amount of greening waters by drip irrigation, reduces evaporation by drip irrigation, strengthens the availability at water source.
(7), technical solution of the present invention have make simple, low cost of manufacture, installation is easy and the practical characteristics such as controlled of flow process, is conducive to by the urban transportation arterial highway, public lawn, park or residential quarter etc. are extensive installs and use.
(8), the present invention can also solve arid, semiarid and without the water resources problem of water source area; In the mountain area, Gobi desert and desert install and can obtain valuable plantation, fix the sand and the water source such as drinking-water; For mountain area, Gobi desert, desert and the drought area that can't dig a well provides the water source.

Claims (9)

1. catchment drip irrigation and urban air and purifying vehicle exhaust of artificial dew, it is characterized in that: 1. belong to imitation the Nature dew formation principle from the invention process method and invent artificial dew collection and urban air technology for clarifying flow process, this techniqueflow has manufacture of intraocular dew and purifying city air double technique function; 2. catchment in artificial dew mode and realize simultaneously eliminating the air purifying process scheme of city automobile tail gas and the pollution of PM10 fine particles; 3. adopt physical means such as outdoor air suction, compression, condensation, absorption, dew collection and filtrations, realize that artificial dew collection is used for drip irrigation, and reach the purpose of purifying city air and vehicle exhaust with this flow process; 4. adopt the artificial dew of acquisition and dew to drip and collect flow process, the ground heats flow process and underground condensation adsorption flow process; 5. after air amount compression heats, input underground dew point condensation, absorption and airborne PM10 fine particles is solidified with steam, reach the purification purpose; 6. the artificial dew collection in city and air cleaning system device; 7. urban highway traffic arterial highway, overpass and residential quarter purify air and the implementation method of drip irrigation greening water-saving; 8. adopt solar energy power generating and small-sized wind power generation to carry out the series connection of DC micro-electric accumulator and store, output voltage stabilizing 220V alternating current provides power supply for the purifier that catchments.
2. catchment drip irrigation and urban air and purifying vehicle exhaust of artificial dew according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: 1. the air temperature raising flow process is mainly passed through air amount on the ground, to air compressing or solar energy heating warming and humidifying, realize the maximum saturation of water in air vapour; 2. air is admitted to underground cold condensate adsorption process and mainly realizes by regulating air-flow velocity and composite glass fiber condensation adsorption; 3. realize dew-point temperature, owing to be in relative temperature constant state below the earth's surface, and meet the dew-point temperature requirement, so, by for air temperature raising, airborne steam relative moisture is increased, relatively warm-humid air be compressed in the underground condensing device with dew the speed of easy formation flow and bear water, obtain the water source through absorptive collection dew mode.
3. catchment drip irrigation and urban air and purifying vehicle exhaust of artificial dew according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: adopt dew collection and air purifying process scheme to Environments in Urban Open Spaces, namely utilize relative moisture in the air, air compressing is made its warming and humidifying, after forming maximum water-vapo(u)r saturation state, the physics flow processs such as adjusting induction air flow ratio realize that artificial dew collection makes fine particle in the air simultaneously, dust and pollutant etc. follow the steam coprecipitation to be solidified into water droplet, the process of air setting is identical with the process that dew forms, simultaneously, also be the main process that is inhaled into air cleaning, realize purifying city air purpose with this flow process through filtering.
4. catchment drip irrigation and urban air and purifying vehicle exhaust of artificial dew according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: though by the PM10 of vehicle exhaust and generation or PM2.5 fine particles and toxic compounds steam viscosity in steam condensation adsorption process PM10 particulate and dust are solidified into the water mineral in the urban air, because solidification, condensation is purified by filtered air, the water source that gathers is directly used in the drip irrigation greening, absorbed by plants and soil and degrade, no longer produce secondary pollution, have the characteristics of urban afforestation water saving.
5. catchment drip irrigation and urban air and purifying vehicle exhaust of artificial dew according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: dew forms mechanism and steam and gathers that 1. temperature is higher, the moisture that air holds is more, 2. the dew-point temperature that belongs to relative constant temperature below the earth's surface, above zero namely, namely air forms the winter mode that the flow velocity cooling forms dew or adopts the mode that underground condenser pipe heats in winter from compressed heating underground on the ground with dew; 3. the dew adsorbent equipment adopts the composite glass fiber material, and it has the characteristics such as the fine coarse and poor thermal conductivity of the dew of expansion collection surface, surface, and the trickle suede thorn in similar plants blade surface such as Indian fig surface receives the steam principle.
6. catchment drip irrigation and urban air and purifying vehicle exhaust of artificial dew according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: urban dew catchments and air purifying process scheme and system and device, the technical program is catchmented with dew and the urban air purification has dual-use function and dual purpose, (1) range of application: be applied to the places such as urban road, viaduct, residential quarter, public lawn and park; (2) operator scheme: 1. summer mode, 2. 3. winter mode adopts automatic mode; By day or vehicle when intensive, or air pollution adopts the single function of air cleaning when serious, when night or vehicular traffic are rare, adopts dew single function of catchmenting, or adopt dew to catchment and air cleaning difunctional; (3) main device and design cycle, gas exchange cold condensate and adsorbent equipment (4) electric device: adopt the small-sized wind power generation of solar cell and voluntarily research and development that electric power is provided, solar panels and small-sized wind power generation provide power supply, and carry out little electric DC storage, store the electric power system that DC-AC voltage stabilizing 220V output control panel becomes with series-connected batteries by having inversion-little electricity.
7. catchment drip irrigation and urban air and purifying vehicle exhaust of artificial dew according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: drip irrigation economize and for soil gas transmission mode, when the intermittence of drip irrigation, can be that root system is inputted a small amount of air by drip irrigation pipe, for promoting the effects such as root system development, lax soil and balanced nutrient, save manually to dig and being the labour of soil aeration.
8. catchment drip irrigation and urban air and purifying vehicle exhaust of artificial dew according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: master controller mainly adopts the center control program, the coefficient of air pollution degree, temperature and the relative moisture of setting is assigned air intake, compression, condensation, standby, is catchmented or instruction and each function display such as air cleaning.
9. catchment drip irrigation and urban air and purifying vehicle exhaust of artificial dew according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: system and device adopts solar energy and wind energy that electric power is provided, " zero " operation cost when obtaining the dew water source and eliminating the city automobile tail gas pollution is adapted at Urban Large scale and installs and use.
CN201210124664XA 2012-04-26 2012-04-26 Manual dew collection drip irrigation and purification of urban air and automobile exhaust Pending CN103371089A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104018438A (en) * 2014-06-25 2014-09-03 张宝宇 Three-dimensional device for purifying ecological power generation air over road
CN104472296A (en) * 2014-11-25 2015-04-01 银悦生物技术(深圳)有限公司 Shiny-leaved yellowhorn self-irrigation cultivation method
CN104686291A (en) * 2015-02-11 2015-06-10 苏州翔天装饰设计有限公司 Automatic cooling and watering device
CN107413154A (en) * 2017-08-01 2017-12-01 夏峰 A kind of continuous controlling device of skyscraper haze and its construction method
ES2667560A1 (en) * 2016-11-10 2018-05-11 Gabriel Edgardo PROCUPETZ SCHEIN WATER GENERATING SYSTEM ENRICHED WITH OZONE AND IONIZED AIR FOR CROPS IN ARID ZONES. (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104018438A (en) * 2014-06-25 2014-09-03 张宝宇 Three-dimensional device for purifying ecological power generation air over road
CN104472296A (en) * 2014-11-25 2015-04-01 银悦生物技术(深圳)有限公司 Shiny-leaved yellowhorn self-irrigation cultivation method
CN104686291A (en) * 2015-02-11 2015-06-10 苏州翔天装饰设计有限公司 Automatic cooling and watering device
ES2667560A1 (en) * 2016-11-10 2018-05-11 Gabriel Edgardo PROCUPETZ SCHEIN WATER GENERATING SYSTEM ENRICHED WITH OZONE AND IONIZED AIR FOR CROPS IN ARID ZONES. (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)
CN107413154A (en) * 2017-08-01 2017-12-01 夏峰 A kind of continuous controlling device of skyscraper haze and its construction method

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